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HISTORY 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH 

FROM ITS FOUNDATION. 



BY ANDREW DALZEL 

PROFESSOR OF GREEK IN THAT UNIVERSITY 



WITH A MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR 



VOL. II. HISTORY. 



EDINBURGH 

EDMONSTON AND DOUGLAS 
1862. 




PREFATORY NOTICE. 

IN printing the following work, the Author's 
MS. has been carefully adhered to, with only a few 
verbal corrections. PROFESSOR DALZEI/S intention 
evidently was to have continued his HISTORY OF THE 
UNIVERSITY, in the form of Annals, to the commence- 
ment of the present century, but it terminates abruptly 
about the year 1723, when the University had laid 
the foundation of its eminence as a School of Medi- 
cine. This intention appears from the table of Con- 
tents prefixed to his MS., in which he has given the 
titles of two additional chapters, but which, judging 
from the state of the existing manuscript, were pro- 
bably never written. We cannot, therefore, but feel 
regret that this portion of Professor Dalzel's History, 
which would have embraced an account of his own 
times, was left unfinished, if we consider the facili- 
ties of daily and familiar intercourse that existed at a 
period when several of the Professors resided within 
the Collegiate buildings, and when so many eminent 
men were associated with the University. The titles 
of these two chapters are as follows : 



vi PREFACE. 

" Chapter VII. From the institution of the Medical 
" Faculty to the time of Dr. Robertson as Principal, 
" in 1762. 

" Chapter VIII. From the beginning of Dr. Robert- 
" son's presiding over the College, till the end of the 
" eighteenth century." 

There however remains, as materials to be employed 
for the illustration of this part of his subject, a series 
of extracts from the Records of. the Town-Council, 
between August 1724 and May 1779, which the 
Author had made with considerable labour and care. 
These extracts have been compared with the Council 
Records ; and as furnishing a variety of facts illus- 
trative of the history of the University during that 
period, they have been inserted in the Appendix, 
No. V. 

In connexion with the History of the University, 
Professor Dalzel intended to have prepared lists and 
biographical notices of the Professors in the various 
chairs. Having only partially completed this part of 
his plan, the portions which were actually written are 
given in the subsequent pages; 1 and a few documents 
marked to be inserted, have been supplied in the Ap- 
pendix. It may also be mentioned, that a complete 
Chronological List of the Principals, Regents, and Pro- 
fessors is contained in the volume entitled " A Cata- 

1 See footnote to page 330. 



PREFACE. Vll 

logue of the Graduates in the Faculties of Arts, Divi- 
nity, and Law, of the University of Edinburgh," pub- 
lished in 1858. I find, however, from Mr. Dalzel's 
researches, as embodied in the present work, that the 
above List of Regents, from 1583 to 1707, needs re- 
vision, by forming a separate list of Professors of 
Humanity during that period. 

Having been requested to act as Editor of the fol- 
lowing work, as I could not, without assistance, devote 
to it the time that would be requisite, it is but proper 
to state, that I was assisted by the Rev. James Ander- 
son, author of the "Ladies of the Covenant/' and 
other works ; and that he undertook not only the 
necessary task of searching out and collating the 
various papers to which reference is made in the 
course of the History, but also the more serious part 
of transcribing and arranging the Author's manuscript 
for the press. 

DAVID LAING. 



CONTENTS. 



CHAPTEE I. 

PA<;K 
From the Institution of the College in 1582 to the Accession of 

James vi. to the Crown of England in 1603, ... 1 



CHAPTER IT. 
From the Accession of James vi. in 1603 to his Death in 1625, . 52 

CHAPTER III. 

From the Beginning of the Reign of Charles i. to the Restoration of 

Charles n. f . . . . . . . 81 

CHAPTER IV. 

From the Restoration to the Revolution in 1 688, . . . 186 

CHAPTER V. 

From the Revolution to the New Regulations respecting the Regents 

of Philosophy in 1708, ...... 226 

CHAPTER VI. 

From the New Arrangement respecting the Regents of Philosophy 

to the Institution of the Medical Faculty in 1723, . 304 



SEPARATE NOTICES. 

Principals of the University. . . . . . .331 

Rectors of the University. ...... 333 

Professors of Divinity in the University, .... 334 



x CONTENTS. 

PACK 

Professors of Mathematics in the University, 336 

The Library and Librarians, * 345 

Professors of Humanity, ..... 355 



APPENDIX. 

I. Elegiac Verses to the Memory of Principal Rollock, 1599, . 373 

II. The Printed Theses of the Regents and Students of Philo- 
sophy, 1556-1707, ...... 375 

J1I The Discipline of the College of Edinburgh, December 3, 

1628 ; wherein is contained the Offices and Duties of the 
Professors, Masters, Scholars, Bursars, and Servants, as it 
has been observed many years ago, . . . 376 

IV. Mortifications to the College, and the Sums thereof restand 

in the Town's hands, ..... 387 

V. Extracts from the Edinburgh Town-Council Records relating 

to the University, from August 12, 1724, to May 9, 1779, . 394 

VI. Mr. Clement Littill's Deed of Conveyance of his Library to 

the Town -Council of Edinburgh for the College, 1582, . 452 

VII Memorandums for a History of the University of Edinburgh 

from the Year 1646, ..... 455 

INDEX. . . 457 



HISTORY 



OF THK 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH 



CHAPTER I. 

FROM THE INSTITUTION OF THE COLLEGE IN 1582 TO THE ACCESSION 
OF JAMES VI. TO THE CROWN OF ENGLAND IN 1603. 

SOON after the reformation of religion in Scotland, 
which was established in the year 1560, the Magistrates 
and Town-Council of Edinburgh, with the Ministers 
and other respectable Citizens, were solicitous to pro- 
mote the cause of learning and the liberal education of 
the youth, which had, during the troubles of the king- 
dom, been much neglected. They considered, also, 
that it was attended with great inconvenience and ex- 
pense to send away the youth from the capital of the 
kingdom to be educated at St. Andrews, or any other 
university at a distance ; and especially that parents 
in narrow circumstances, however willing, were alto- 
gether unable to bestow a learned education on such 
of their sons as seemed to be possessed of talents fitted 
for literary pursuits. 1 They therefore proposed that a isei. 

. . . . Proposal to 

University should be founded in their own city ; and JSty 171 " 

1 Robertson, Vitae et Mortis Rob. Rolloci Narratio, p. 5. Edinburgh. 



2 HISTORY OF THE 

they were encouraged in having this scheme carried 
into execution by a legacy of 8000 merks Scots, which 
had been bequeathed for that purpose, about the year 
1558, by Kobert Eeid, Bishop of Orkney. But the 
Abbot of Kinloss and others, who had possession of this 
money, being unwilling to give it up, the Town- 
Council were not able to recover it till the year 1582. 
1563. They purchased, however, in the year 1563, for the 
provided. sum O f one thousand pounds Scots, 1 the right to a great 
part of the ground and buildings which had belonged 
to the Provost and Prebendaries of the Collegiate Kirk 
of Field, anciently denominated " Templum et Prsefec- 
tura Sanctae Marise in Campis," to be a site for their 
intended College. This is the very place which the 
University buildings now partly occupy, and which, 
before the South Bridge was erected, included also the 
space betwixt the east front of the New College and 
the Eoyal Infirmary, through which the street now 
passes, but which was formerly garden ground. 

This place was soon after rendered remarkable by 
the unhappy fate of Henry Lord Darnley, husband to 
the Queen. The apartments where he lodged, and 
which were blown up by gunpowder on the 1 Oth of 
February 1567, were either the same which had been 
possessed by the Provost of the Kirk of Field, or the 
lodgings of the Prebendaries in the vicinity of the Pro- 
vost's house to the east. This house was afterwards 

1 Pennycuick, Parson of that Ilk, and Nicol Hutcheson, one of the Preben- 
Provost of the Kirk of Field, dispones daries of the Kirk of Field, resigns his 
to the town the haill bigging called the prebend in favour of the town, for pay- 
Kirk of Field, with the kirkyeard, for ment of 70 merks. Ibid. vol. v. Dec. 
the sum of 1000 pounds Scots. Town- 30, 1579. 
Council Records, vol. iv. June 21, 1563. 



UNIVEKSTTY OF EDINBURGH. 8 

repaired, and appropriated as a habitation for the 
Principal of the College. It yet remains (1803), 
situated almost upon the spot which the centre of the 
Museum and Library are destined to occupy in the 
plan of the new fabric. But neither the house, nor 
the garden to the eastward, were got possession of by 
the Town-Council till several years after the founda 
tion of the College. They had entered into a contract 
with John Gib, servitor to the King's Grace, whereby 
they obliged themselves to convey to John Fenton, 
Comptroller's Clerk, and Agnes Lindsay, his spouse, 
and the said John's heirs, that tenement or lodging, 
then waste and decayed, sometime pertaining to the 
Provost of the Kirk of Field, with the garden, etc., 
upon this condition, that Fenton and his wife should 
pay a feu-annual of 50 shillings Scots yearly, and ac- 
knowledge the Town as their Superior ; and the said 
John Gib renounces his pretended right of supe- 
riority for the sum of 300 merks paid to him by the 
town. 1 

In the year 1579, by the strenuous exertions of Mr. 157 



'9. 

The Town 



Clement Little, Advocate, and one of the Commissaries council <i. 



termine to 
begin the 



of Edinburgh, Mr. Henry Charteris, a respectable citi- 
zen, Mr. James Lawson, a minister of the city, a man 
of talents and of considerable learning, and who had 
formerly been sub-Principal of King's College, Aber- 
deen, the Town-Council at length determined to begin 
the work ; but the Archbishop of St. Andrews and the 
Bishop of Aberdeen had still sufficient influence to sus- iwt are pre 
pend the undertaking, as injurious to the Universities 

1 Town-Council Records, vol. vi. p. 128. 



vented. 



4: HISTORY OF THE 

already established in the kingdom. The High Gram- 
mar School, however, was built and endowed at this 
time in the place where the monastery of the Black- 
friars, then in ruins, was formerly situated. 

But ^ ^ e 7 ear 1581 > the Episcopal faction having 
lost its power in the Church of Scotland, the Ministers 
of Edinburgh, particularly Mr. James Lawson and Mr. 
Walter Balcanquhal, supported by Mr. William Little, 
afterwards Provost of the city, and his brother, Mr. 
Clement, the Commissary, seized the opportunity to 
urge the design of erecting a College. The work of 
building and repairing was accordingly begun, and 
carried forward with great diligence and industry. 
The accommodation, however, thus provided, did not 
consist of one regularly designed magnificent structure, 
such as was then, and is now, exhibited by a College 
in either of the two Universities of England ; but was 
patched up, partly by repairing such old buildings as 
were found upon the spot, and partly by the addition 
of others constructed upon the most frugal plan. An 
old irregular pile of building, adjoining to the Kirk of 
Field, which had been the town residence of the Duke 
of Chatelherault and his family, but now obtained by 
the Town-Council of Edinburgh, in consequence of the 
forfeiture of the Hamiltons by the Regent, Earl of 
Morton, was fitted up and converted into apartments 
for different classes of students, to be there instructed 
by the new Professors ; and it remained appropriated 
for this purpose for more than two centuries, when it 
was lately demolished to give way for the new build- 
ings. It stood in a transverse direction from north to 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 5 

south, in the place now occupied by the classes for the 
practice of Physic and Moral Philosophy, in the very 
centre of the north side of the great inner quadrangle 
of the New College. Other buildings were gradually 
added, but according to no regular plan ; so that the 
whole academical fabric, even in its most complete 
state, exhibited but a mean and motley appearance. 
Such as it was, however, it might be regarded as a 
great exertion made in behalf of learning, considering 
the state of the city of Edinburgh, and the finances of 
the country at that period. 

Antecedent to the Eeformation, a Bull of the Pope 
used to be considered as necessary for giving the pro- 
per authority to erect a college or university ; and, 
accordingly, the ancient Universities of St. Andrews 
and of Glasgow, and King's College, Aberdeen, had 
derived their privileges and authority from that source. 
But the Papal influence being annihilated in Scotland 
previous to the existence of the College of Edinburgh, 
the citizens looked towards the King as possessed of 
the only legal power for giving a sanction to their new 
institution. James the Sixth was then upon the 
throne; and, fortunately, his education had been so 
conducted by his chief preceptor, the celebrated George 
Buchanan, as to inspire him with a great respect and 
an uncommon passion for learning. Even at the age 
of twelve, he himself had made considerable progress 
in it, and discovered then such a maturity of judg- 
ment, that, with the approbation of his subjects, he 
had superseded the Earl of Morton, Regent of the 
kingdom, and assumed the reins of government into 



6 HISTORY OF THE 

his own hands. l He was now in his seventeenth year, 
and gave his countenance to the Magistrates and Town- 
Council of Edinburgh in their scheme of erecting a 
College. His mother, Queen Mary, by her charter, 
dated the 13th of March 1566, had bestowed many of 
the church's possessions and emoluments within the 
liberties of Edinburgh upon the Provost, Magistrates, 
Council, and community of that city, for the behoof of 
the ministers of the gospel and support of the poor, 
under the general appellation of " The Foundation for 
158 . 2 . the Ministers and Hospitality of Edinburgh." The 
King now granted a new charter under the Great Seal, 

grants a 

containing a confirmation of this deed, and by an 



Great Seal _ n . . _ _ 

authorizing additional grant not only conferring anew upon the 

the founding J 

of a umver- ga '^ cor p Ora ti O n the above-mentioned church posses- 
sions and emoluments, to be applied by them for the 
maintenance of the ministers, support of the poor, re- 
pairing of schools, and propagation of letters and 
sciences, according as they and their successors should 
think fit ; but also giving them full power to receive 
from all persons who, hereafter, out of their great zeal, 
might be disposed to bestow yearly profits or rents 
within or without the said town for the same purposes ; 
which gifts or bequests are declared to be as fully 
ratified, confirmed, and freely mortified as any other 
such donations and possessions were ever before be- 
queathed or granted in peipetuity to the church. This 
charter also confirms and ratifies the renunciation by 
John Gib, his Majesty's servant, in favour of the said 
corporation and community, of all right or title which 

1 Robertson's History of Scotland, Book vi. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 7 

lie, in virtue of the King's gift, may or can pretend to 
have to the provostry and church of the Kirk of Field, 
and possessions or revenues thereof ; ratifying, more- 
over, and confirming all the rights the said town has 
to those void and spacious places which lately belonged 
to the Provost, prebendaries, priests, and friars of the 
said Kirk of Field ; which situation is declared to be 
extremely commodious for " the erection of apartments 
and edifices, where professors of liberal science and 
literature, and students thereof may reside and hold 
their daily exercises, apart from the other places des- 
tined for the foundation of hospitality/ 7 Wherefore, 
the King's Majesty, earnestly desirous for the honour 
of God, and the common good of the realm, that learn- 
ing should daily increase, wills and permits by the said 
charter, THAT IT SHALL BE LAWFUL FOR THE FORESAID 
PROVOST AND TOWN-COUNCIL, AND THEIR SUCCESSORS, 
TO BUILD AND REPAIR HOUSES FOR THE RECEPTION, 
HABITATION, AND ENTERTAINMENT OF PROFESSORS OF 
GRAMMAR, HUMANITY, AND LANGUAGES, PHILOSOPHY, 
THEOLOGY, MEDICINE, AND LAW, AND ALL OTHER LIBE- 
RAL SCIENCES- -which is declared to be no violation 
of the above-mentioned foundation : and further, THAT 
THE SAID PROVOST, BAILIES, AND TOWN-COUNCIL, AND 
THEIR SUCCESSORS, SHALL IN ALL TIME COMING, WITH 
ADVICE, HOWEVER, OF THE MINISTERS OF THE CITY, 
HAVE FULL FREEDOM TO ELECT THE BEST-QUALIFIED 
PERSONS THEY MOST CONVENIENTLY CAN, FOR THE DIS- 
CHARGE OF THE SAID OFFICES, WITH POWER TO 1NSTAL 
AND REMOVE THEM AS IT SHALL BE FOUND EXPEDIENT I 
and prohibiting all other persons from teaching the 



HISTORY OF THE 

said sciences within the said town, unless by permis- 
sion of the said Provost, Bailies, and Council. 
The charter This charter, which is dated at the Castle of Stirling 

ratified in 

the 14th of April 1582, was afterwards in the year 
1621, ratified by Act of Parliament, and the College, 
which had been built by the Provost, Magistrates, and 
Council, in consequence thereof, endowed anew with 
all liberties, rights, immunities, and privileges apper- 
taining to a free college ; and that in as ample form 
and extensive manner as those enjoyed by any college 
within his Majesty's realm. 

By the original charter, the privilege of instituting 
a Studium Generale is clearly and obviously granted 
to the corporation of the city of Edinburgh, which is, 
to all intents and purposes, the same with what is now 
called a University. That this was the original appel- 
lation given to universities, is evident from the style 
adopted by the Popes in their bulls authorizing such 
institutions. 

But, though the pati-ons of this foundation had thus 
obtained full powers of erecting professorships of lan- 
guages, and of all the different branches of liberal 
science, commonly called the four Faculties of Arts, 
Theology, Law, and Medicine, composing a Studium 
Generale or University, they, at the beginning, con- 
fined their views to the two first, Arts and Theology, 
comprehended in one college, to be called THE COL- 
LEGE OF EDINBURGH. 
IM.-.M or in The plan of instruction in view for this new M-mi 

8 1 ruction. 

imry seems to have been borrowed from that which 
\v;i> adnptrd in the other colleges of Scotland : divested, 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 9 

however, as much as possible, of those antiquated forms 
and monastic ceremonies practised in the times of 
Popery, and with which the other colleges seem to 
have been very much embarrassed at the era of the 
Reformation. 

The first object of the patrons was to institute such 
a course of instruction as should accomplish the youth 
in general literature, or prepare them for entering with 
advantage upon the study of Theology or of Law or 
Medicine. The election of a Professor of Theology was 
deemed necessary, as soon as the students intended 
for the holy ministry should be ready for profiting by 
his lectures, but it was late before the sciences of Law 
and Medicine were regularly taught in the University 
of Edinburgh ; and it long remained the custom for 
such of the youth as were designed for the practice of 
either of these, to acquire a knowledge of them in 
foreign universities, from whence many of them who 
studied physic, and some who studied law, returned to 
their native country decorated with the doctor's degree. 1 

Four Regents or Professors of Philosophy, with a 
Principal, who was also Professor of Theology, were 
therefore all the instructors employed in the College 
of Edinburgh for some time after its origin. A Pro- 
fessor of Humanity or Philosophy, whose chief business 
was to teach Latin to the younger part of the stu- 
dents, upon their first entry to the College, was after 
wards added ; and in process of time a Professor of 

i In King's College, Aberdeen, among were professors of the Civil and Canon 

the original members founded by Bishop Law, and also a professor of Medicine. 

Elphinston, soon after the institution See Statistical Account, p. 63. 
of the University in the year 1491, there 



10 HISTORY OF THE 

Mathematics, a Professor of Hebrew, and others, were 
gradually introduced. 
The duty of The duty of the four Kegents or Professors of Philo- 

the Regents . t 

of Phno ssors s phy was to instruct their pupils in the knowledge of 
the Greek language, and in the different branches of 
philosophy, as logic, metaphysics, ethics, physics, in- 
cluding the elements of mathematics and astronomy ; 
a previous acquaintance with the Latin tongue, in 
which these instructions were to be conveyed, being 
deemed absolutely necessary. All the different parts 
of that course, which was to last for four years, with 
an annual vacation of six weeks or two months, were 
taught by each of the four Professors to that class of 
students who entered under his tuition at their first 
coming to College ; so that, when one Professor was in 
the first year of the course, another was in the second, 
another in the third, and another in the fourth, always 

The four in rotation. Those students who were in the first year 
f *^e course ? an d employed for the first month in 
learning Latin, and afterwards Greek, were called 
" Classis Bejanorum," or "The Bejan Class ;" those in 
the second year, during which logic and metaphysics 
were chiefly taught, were called " Classis Semi Bejan- 
orum," or the " Semi Class ;" those in the third year, 
when ethics and mathematics were the chief subjects 
of instruction, were called " Classis Baccalaureorum," 
or " The Bachelor Class;" and those in the fourth yeafc, 
which was chiefly spent upon physics and astronomy, 
were styled "Classis Magistrandorum," or " The JVLiuis- 
tnmd Class." The Professor who had the charge <>1 
the Magistrand Class concluded the quadrii'iininl course 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 1 1 

by having the degree of M.A. conferred upon all his 
students, after they had held a solemn public disputa- 
tion upon those branches of science, in which he had 
instructed them. This act was commonly called " The 
Laureation of the Class." The session of the College The a, u.a 

tionorLau- 

commenced about the 10th, or, as it was then, the lst reation 
of October, and continued till about the beginning of 
August. After the students had received the degree 
of M.A., they were understood to be qualified for 
entering upon the study of Theology, Law, or Physic. 
In the month of March 1583, the Town-Council IMS. 

March. 

gave orders to complete the enclosure of the College 
buildings ; and that the instruction of youth in their 
new institution might be no longer delayed, they in- 
vited from St. Andrews Mr. Kobert Rollock, to be the 
first who should enter upon that charge. He was a 
man of great reputation for prudence, piety, and learn- 
ing, and was well acquainted with the academical 
method of teaching then practised ; for he had for 
several years held the office of Professor of Humanity 
in St. Salvator's College, and being afterwards pro- 
moted to a professorship of Philosophy, was at the 
time carrying forward a class of students in the fourth 
year of their course, with a view to laureate or graduate 
them in the beginning of the next August. Having 
accepted of the invitation of the Town-Council of 
Edinburgh, he prepared for commencing his instruc- 
tions in their new College in the following October. 

On the llth of that month proclamation was made Oct. n. 

Pri x-lama- 

by the Town-Council, requiring all scholars and stu- j^JSJlSs 
dents who desired to be instructed in the College to 



1 2 HISTORY OF THE 

present themselves before one of the Magistrates, and 
enrol their names. 1 A great number appeared, at- 
tracted by the reputation of Rollock. With these it 
was his intention to enter upon the usual employment 
of the first year of the quadrennial course ; and ac- 
cordingly he began to teach in the lower hall of 

Srssion I. J 

SShtoJj; Hamilton House, now converted into rooms for the 
accommodation of the College. But finding that, of 
the great number who had enrolled under his tuition, 
many were too deficient in the knowledge of Latin for 
enteiing with advantage upon the philosophical course, 
and no Professor of Humanity being yet established in 
this new seminary, whose business it would have been 
to remedy this defect, he recommended to the patrons 

Mr. Duucan Mr. Duncan Nairne, a young man of good abilities and 

Nairne, Be- . J & . fo 

learning, to be one of the four intended Regents or 
Professors of Philosophy ; but proposed that this 
second Professor should, in the meantime, take under 
his charge, for the first year, those who were deficient 
in Latin, so as to prepare them for a new Bejan class 
the ensuing session, when those under his own imme- 
diate care would be in the second year of their course, 
. s. and compose the Semi class. Nairne was accordingly 
chosen, and this plan adopted, so that during the first 
session, or first term of the College of Edinburgh, which 
lasted from October 1583 till the end of August 1584, 
there were only two classes of students : a Mejan class 
under Mr. Robert Rollock, followed by a Latin class 
under Mr. Dimean Nairne. 

It seems t< have Urn the intention <>f the patrons 

1 Towii-Coum-il KoconU, \<-l. \ii. in Latin. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 13 

that all the students should be accommodated with students to 

lodge within 

lodgings, and remain in them nightly, within the Col- the c 
lege ; and accordingly mention is made in the Town- 
Council Records of certain regulations that were 
enacted for tins purpose about this time. It was 
ordered, likewise, that all of them should wear gowns, ami to w *ir 
on pain of expulsion. The custom for at least a con- 
siderable number of students to lodge within the Col- 
lege appears to have been kept up for many years ; 
but at length it went gradually into disuse, and has 
long ago been entirely abandoned, as quite inconsistent 
with the mode of instruction which has long prevailed. 
It is probable that the order for wearing gowns was 
never complied with. A proposal of this kind was 
revived in the year 1690, during the time of the Par- 
liamentary Visitation, but does not appear to have 
been insisted on, and certainly was not carried into 
effect ; nor is it to be regretted that such a badge was 
never adopted. It is not easy to see with what ad- 
vantage it could be attended, at least in the present 
state of the University. That the Professors should 
have a distinction of this kind, when they appear 
officially, is of more evident utility, and therefore this 
custom with respect to them continues to prevail. 

For the more decent attendance on public worship, Dec. is. 

1 and to at- 



the gallery in the east end of the High Church was 
allotted for the Professors and students, until the c 
patrons should find reason for a different arrangement 
in this particular. 1 

About this time the state of political parties seemed 

' Town-Council Records, vol. vii. Dec. 13, 1583. 



14 HISTORY OF THE 

stai 5 Sf po- ra ther unfavourable to the prosperity of the College. 
KBSf After the faU of the Earl of Morton, Regent of the 

(loll). 

kingdom, the Duke of Lennox and the Earl of Arnm, 
formerly Captain James Stewart, with the French 
faction, had obtained an ascendant over the King. A 
conspiracy of the nobles had been formed for depriving 
them of their power ; and the Kong, having been de- 
coyed into the Earl of Gowrie's castle of Ruthven, was 
seized by the conspirators, an enterprise which is known 
in history by the appellation of " The Raid of Ruth 
ven ;" and though at first Arran had been committed 
to prison, Lennox obliged to leave the kingdom, and 
James himself under the necessity of publishing a pro- 
clamation vindicating the measures of the conspirators, 
whose conduct was also approved by an assembly of 
the Church, and a convention of the Estates, yet the 
King at length, by his own address and vigilance, had 
contrived to escape out of their hands. Upon which 
Arran, soon after regaining his freedom and his in- 
fluence, had not only prevailed over his opponents 
among the nobility, but had also induced the King to 
take severe measures against the Church, which occa- 
sioned the confinement or banishment of several of the 
most eminent and zealous of the Presbyterian Minis 
ters. Among those who had been banished were Mr. 
James Lawson and Mr. Walter Balcanquhal, the former 
of whom, who had strenuously promoted the founda 
tion of the College, died at London much regretted 

But all these unfavourable circumstances, and the 
distracted and convulsed state of the kingdom, did 
not interfere with the King's passion f>r learning, nor 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 15 

prevent him from patronizing and endowing the infant 
College. By a charter under the Great Seal, dated the 
4th of April 1584, he granted for its use, and for 
maintaining the Eector and Eegents thereof, the par- 
sonage and vicarage of Currie, with the tithes and 
church lands thereunto belonging, anciently called the 
Archdeaconry of Lothian. Thus protected by the 
King's favour, and encouraged by his bounty, the 
Town-Council persevered steadily in carrying on the SiT 

/-Nil 1 ! T 11 11 -IT ing on the 

College buildings; and that the business might be con- conge 
ducted with every possible advantage, they had named 
one of the late magistrates, 1 to be master of work, and 
treasurer or collector of the College revenue. A legacy, S e r t, is. 
too, of books, consisting of about 300 volumes, which ^f 
Mr. Clement Little had in the year 1580 bequeathed Library 
to the town, and which had been deposited in a gallery 
contiguous to Mr. Lawson's house, being removed to 
the College, and delivered to the charge of Mr. Kollock, 
furnished a commencement to what is now the public 
Library of the University. 

The two professors, Kollock and Nairne, having, in 1584 
the month of August, concluded the first session of the 
College, the latter, at the commencement of a new one 
in October, undertook the charge of a new Bejan class, 
consisting of such students as had recently entered to 
the College, together with those whom he had prepared 
with that view during the preceding session, while the 
former went forward with his own students in the 
second year of the course, and now composing the 
Semi class. But unfortunately, towards the end of 

1 Mr. Andrew Sclater. 



16 HISTORY OF THE 

isss. the year, the plague began to make its appearance, and 
it increased to such a degree of violence in the course 
of the following year, that in the month of May the 



students were all dispersed, and the two Professors 
were under the necessity of concluding the session 
prematurely, and retiring from the city. 

Fan of the The power and insolence of Arran, grown at last 
AIT.. intolerable, were not of long duration. The banished 
noblemen, protected by Elizabeth, Queen of England, 
returned into their native country at the head of 
10,000 men. They took possession of the town of 
Stirling, and invested its castle, where the King was, 
who thought it prudent to come to an accommodation 
with them ; and they obtained from him a pardon in 
the most ample form. A Parliament was held at Lin- 
lithgow on the 10th of December, where the banished 
The Exiles noblemen and gentlemen were restored to their an- 

n-storr.l. . D 

cient honours and estates ; but Arran, who had been 
obliged to save himself by a precipitate flight, was 
degraded, stripped of his wealth, and declared an 
enemy to his country. 

The restoration, however, of the family of Hamilton 
proved of some detriment to the College. The large 
fabric which composed the chief part of the College 
building, and which the Duke of Chatelherault luid 
formerly obtained from the Provost and Prebendaries 
of the Kirk of Field, at an annual feu-rent of forty 
merks, but which, during the forfeiture of the Hamilton 
family, had been granted to the town of Edinburgh, 
for the use of the College, was now Hainu.'d by L<ml. 
afterwards the Marquis of Hamilton ; and aftrra <lis- 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 1 7 

agreeable litigation occasionally carried on, and which 
was not terminated till the year 1613, James, the 
second Marquis, with great difficulty, was prevailed 
on to accept of 3000 pounds Scots from the town as 
a compensation for all further claim. 

Instead of the Earl of Arran, who had been made Deo. n 

William 

Provost of the city, by means of a letter procured Jj^ijjj- 
from the King, William Little, a great promoter of 01 
the interest of the College, and brother of Mr. Clement 
formerly mentioned, was elected to that office in the 
end of the year. About the same time, a "Short 
and General Confession of the true Christian Eeligion, 
according to God's Word," was subscribed in the Col- 
lege by Mr. John Craig arid Mr. James Hamilton, the 
two professors, Eollock and Nairne, and soon after by 
Charles Lumisden ; and it was resolved and ordained 
that all those who afterwards received degrees from 
the College should subscribe this solemn engagement. 
The original of this deed, with a great number of sub- 
scriptions annexed, is still extant at the beginning of the 
Graduation-book, the most curious and valuable record 
in the possession of the University of Edinburgh. 1 

About the beginning of the year 1586, the fear of isse. 
the plague having subsided, the two professors, with session in. 
the students, returned to the College in the month of 
February, and resumed their studies, which had been 
intermitted for about nine months. 2 Kollock's stu- 
dents, being now in the third year of their course, 

1 This Covenant and Confession is was carefully collated with a MS. in 

published in Dunlop's Collection of the Graduation-Book of the University 

Confessions of Faith, printed at Edin- of Edinburgh. 

burgh by James Watson, 1722, vol. ii. 2 Town-Council Records, vol. vii. 

p. 103. This printed copy bears that it January 14, 1585. 






18 HISTORY OF THE 

were, therefore, denominated the Bachelor class ; 

Nairne's, of consequence, was now the Semi ; but, 

as the College had not met in the preceding October, 

there was no new Bejan class this session ; and, 

Feb. o. though Rollock was elected Principal of the College 

iir.u.i iMn- on j^ gt n O f the same month, he continued to teach 

his class till the conclusion of the course. 
Feb . m Nairne did not long survive this event, but, dying 
Lumis'ien, about this time, much lamented, Mr. Charles Lumisden, 

third Pn>- 

SSow[.hy. wn na d been educated at St. Andrews under Rollock, 
was chosen to succeed him, and carried forward the 
Semi class till the end of August, when it was 
thought proper to grant a vacation to the College for 
one month. 

October. In the beginning of October, Lumisden resigned his 
Professorship, and accepted of a call to be minister 
of Duddingston ; and, as it was now thought proper 
that a new Bejan class should be assembled, it was 
resolved to elect two new Regents by a comparative 
trial. Candidates being invited by means of public 

Mr. Adam progi'ams, six young men appeared and entered their 
names - A public disputation was held for ten days, 
and the judges appointed by the patrons divided in 



favour of Mr. Adam Colt and Mr. Alexander Scrimger, 
who were accordingly elected, and received as two 
of the Professors of Philosophy. 

The classes being assembled after the vacation, 
Principal Rollock's students, now in the fourth year 
of their course, composed the Maoist ram I da-: .Mr. 
Colt had the charm- of the P>a<-hclor, \\hirh had been 
l'iMiii l.y Nairn. . ami carried <n by Lumisdni : lmt 






UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 19 

there was no Semi class this session, no Bejan 
having existed the foregoing year. The new class 
entered under the tuition of Mr. Scrimger. 

The 8th of February this year was rendered re- 
markable for the tragical death of Mary, mother to **sf 

J ' Queen Mary 

the King ; an event which leaves an indelible stain 
on the memory of Queen Elizabeth her rival. Though 
James be properly considered as the founder of the 
University of Edinburgh, Mary had the merit of 
paving the way for that establishment by her original 
grant of the 13th of March 1566, by which she be- 
stowed upon the Provost, Magistrates, Council, and 
Community of Edinburgh the church-possessions and 
emoluments within the liberties of the city, of which 
a part was, by her son's deed of confirmation, after- 
wards appropriated to the use of the College. 

In the month of August, Mr. Robert Rollock, now August 
Principal of the College, conferred the degree of M.A. graduated. 
on the students of the first class educated under his 
own immediate charge. Upon which occasion all of 
them, being forty-seven in number, subscribed the 
above-mentioned covenant. Among those who had 
particularly distinguished themselves were Charles 
Ferme, Philip Heslope, Henry Charteris, and Patrick 
Sands, all of them afterwards Professors, and the two 
last also Principals of the College. 

After the solemnity of the graduation, Rollock Ro!E t2( 
resigned the office of Regent, or Professor of Philo- Re f n c y , 

O ' and is made 

sophy ; and the Town-Council, with the Ministers DMnitT f 
and Kirk-Session of the city, by the advice and 



1 1! 



approbation of the Presbytery, called him to the hyea 

1620 



20 HISTORY OF THE 

Professorship of Divinity, which office continued to 
be united with that of the Principal of the College 
until the year 1620. 

<>,t;ober. In October, at a public comparative trial for a 
successor to Mr. Rollock, in the Professorship of 
Philosophy, the four scholars above-mentioned, with 
some others, appeared as candidates. The judges 
declared all the four, formerly named, well qualified, 
Mr. Philip but, as thev approved most of Mr. Philip Heslope, 

Heslope, 

Sso/Jf " the patrons elected him to supply the vacated place. 
He, accordingly, on the assembling of the College, 
undertook the charge of the new Bejan class, Mr. 
Scrimger's being the Semi (there being no Bachelor 
Class for the reason formerly mentioned), and Mr. 
Colt's being the Magistrand. 1 
1588 . In August 1588, this class, now under the tuition 

second ciass of Mr. Colt, and which had been begun by Mr. 

gndntod. * 

Duncan Nairne, and continued by Mr. Charles Lum- 
isden, received the master's degree, with the solemnity 
usual on such occasions, being thirty in number, and 
the second class which was graduated in the College 
of Edinburgh. 

oc^her. On the meeting of the College in October, niter 
the vacation, Mr. Colt undertook the charge of the 
new Bejan class, Mr. Heslope carried forward the 
Semi, Mr. Scrimger the Bachelor ; but, as there WMS 
no Magistrand class, there could be no graduation 
at the conclusion of this session. 



1 This year some of the houses and Mr. James Ritchie, a writer, were pur- 
pardeii-irn>inid within the precincts of chased for the use of the < 'ollege. 
tin- Kirk <>f Field, which l.elon^e.l to 



1589 . 
S 

the 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 21 

Meanwhile, in January 1589, Mr. Charles Ferine, 
who had been the second in order approved by the 

J 

judges at the last comparative trial, was elected sevcuth 
Regent, that he might be prepared for beginning the 
Bejan class the following October. 

But after the vacation, when the College assembled 
in October, two of the other places had also become 
vacant. Mr. Alexander Scrimger had, in a private 
manner, been removed from his office by the Principal, 
on account of some misconduct in the case of a meet- 
ing of his students ; and Mr. Philip Heslope had 
embraced an opportunity of travelling into Germany. 
The patrons, therefore, elected in their stead Mr. Mr Hcnry 
Henry Charteris and Mr. Patrick Sands, the two re- eighth, and 

Mr. Patrick 

maining candidates who had been approved by the 
judges in the late comparative trial. 

The Philosophy class being thus at length com- 
pleted, the Senatus Academicus, at the beginning of 
this session, consisted of the following members : 

Mr. Robert Rollock, Principal and Professor of 
Divinity ; Mr. Charles Ferme, Mr. Adam Colt, Mr. 
Patrick Sands, Mr. Henry Charteris, Regents or Pro- 
fessors of Philosophy. 

In February 1590, a contract was entered into by 
the Town-Council and the College of Justice, by which 

by the Town- 

the Lords of Session in the first place, the Town- 
Council of Edinburgh in the second, and the Faculty 

J Law Pro- 

of Advocates and Writers to the Signet in the third, fessor - 
agreed that each of the three parties should contribute 
the sum of 1000 pounds Scots, making up the sum 
of 3000 pounds, for which the Town Council obliged 



October. 



1590 



22 HISTORY OF THE 

themselves to pay 300 pounds a year for maintaining a 
M r. A, lam Professor of Law. Mr. Adam Newton, Advocate, entered 
accordingly upon this office, but gave public lectures 
only on Humanity, or the Latin language and litera- 

*?iw 

ture, without any instructions on the science of law. 
These he continued during the usual sessions of the 
College, till the month of June 1594, when the Town- 
Heisre- Council thought proper to remove him, as he had 
the Town, assumed the office without receiving instalment from 
them as patrons of the University. In his place was 
substituted, by consent of all the three parties, Sir 
Adrian Damman of Bysterveldt, a native of Ghent, 



August. 
uBpft. 

diluted. 



wl!o a> ted ' anc ^ resident at the court of Scotland, as consul or 
tares" agent for the Estates of the Low Countries. Tliis 

Humanity. , . . 

new professor, in the same way with Mr. Newton, 
gave public lectures only on Humanity. But he did 
not continue long in office, as shall be afterwards 
mentioned. 

I n ^e mean time, in August 1590, the third class, 
under the tuition of Mr. Henry Charteris, consisting 
but of thirteen students, received the degree of master 
of arts. 

Ortobcr In October the same year, Mr. Charteris of course 
[I ' assembled the new Bejan class, Mr. Ferme having 
now the charge of the Semi ; and, as Mr. Colt had 
accepted of a call to be minister of Borthwick, 1 Mr. 
Philip Heslope, who had returned from Germ; my, 
was substituted in his place in the charge of the 
Bachelor class, Mr. Patrick Sands having that of the 

i Mr. Adam Colt ua- al'tri \\;ul.s at ;in :ulvaiirnl ' . xtininti<>ii 

translntfl t> lnun-k. wlu-H- IR li-l lur learning, I'liulnicr, juul piety. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 23 

Magistrand, on whom, at the conclusion of the course 1591. 
in August, he conferred the master's degree with the gJJ^JJJJi, 
usual solemnity. 

At the opening of the College, after the vacation, October. 

- T d i i 11 '* i T- Session IX. 

Mr. bands undertook the tuition ol the new Bejan 
class ; and, at the conclusion of the session, the 1592. 
Magistrand class, under the charge of Mr. Heslope, J^J ( f a - 
being twenty-eight in number, was graduated in the 
usual manner. 

This year the King appeared to be remarkably 
indulgent to the Presbyterian form of Church Govern- 
ment. Though his own principles were favourable 
to the Episcopal hierarchy, as his conduct with regard 
to the Church in the year 1584, and the whole course 
of it after his accession to the throne of England, 
evidently showed, yet, as the Presbyterian ministers 
had greatly contributed to the promotion of that peace 
and good order which had prevailed in the kingdom 
during his absence in the year 1589-90, when he 
visited the court of Copenhagen on the occasion of his 
marriage with the Princess Anne of Denmark, he be- 
came greatly reconciled not only to their persons, but 
to their form of ecclesiastical government. Being him- 
self present in an Assembly on the 4th of August 
1590, he applauded the Presbyterian doctrine and 
discipline, promised to adhere to both, and allowed the 
Assembly to frame such acts as tended gradually to 
subvert all remains of Episcopal jurisdiction ; and at 

last, in a Parliament held in June 1592, he consented Presbyte- 
rian Church 

to a law rescinding or explaining the acts which had ^ 
been passed in 1584, unfavourable to the Presbyterian l>: 



August. 

'a 



24 HISTORY OF THE 

government, and permitted the Parliament now to 
establish it in the most ample manner. 1 

October. In October, at the commencement of a new session 
of the College, Mr. Heslope, in his turn, had the charge 
of the new Beian class ; and, on the 12th of the 

J 

ss'ini- following August, the Magistrand class, nineteen in 
number, under the tuition of Mr. Ferme, was gra- 
duated as usual. It is remarkable that John, second 
Earl of Gowrye, made a distinguished figure among 
the candidates on this occasion. He took a principal 
share in the disputation and defence of the Theses, 
and his name appears in the graduation-book 2 among 
the subscribers of the Confession and Covenant. This 
is the famous Earl of Gowrye, who afterwards gave 
name to that mysterious conspiracy which has so 
much puzzled the historians to explain. 

October. At the beginning of the new session in October, 

Session XI. 

Mr. Charles Ferme undertook the charge of the new 

Bejan class ; but in November, Mr. Heslope having 

Mr. George received a call to be minister of Inveresk, 3 Mr. George 

K.,l..Tt*on, 

f;;'',' 1 ,;. j'[' Robertson, the son of a burgess of Edinburgh, who 

had taken the master's degree in 1588, was elected 

to succeed him ; and entered to the charge of the 

Semi class ; Mr. Patrick Sands advanced with the 

IAM. Bachelors ; and Mr. Henry Charteris brought the 

Therewith J 

iuT gradu " Magistrand class, consisting 01 twenty students, to the 
usual degree on the 7th of the following August. 4 

1 I ;..!.(] -Nun's Hist of Scotland, b. viii. eminently lr:mn-d, particularly in m.i- 

* William Rynd, Lord Gowrye's pri- tin-mat ir:il srit-uce. 

vate tutor, and Will. Bowy, are also 4 This and the following yenr,'pro- 

MiiwcrilKsre. viriont being extremely dear, tin- Town 

* He diod a few years after he u.i> ('(.nn.il ivp.-atrdly ^;m- tin- Ik-gents a 
admitted iimii>tn "I lnv.-iv.sk. H- \\as huml^'inr allouaii-- in addition t" their 
tin- I ...... t ;m IvlinlMiryli 1'ui^. --. and oidiiury .*;il;ii 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH, 25 

Mr. Henry Charteris began the new session in October. 

47 m Session XII. 

October, with the charge of the Bejan class ; and at 

the conclusion of it. on the 12th of August 1595. 1595. 

. . August. 

Mr. Sands graduated the Magistrand class, consisting cj^lSiL 
of twenty-nine students. 

Mr. Sands, in October, entered of course upon the October. 

SessiouXIII. 

charge of the new Bejan class ; and at the termina- 
tion of the session, Mr. George Robertson, who had 
succeeded Mr. Heslope, brought the Magistrand class, 1596. 
consisting of twenty-four students, to the usual degree. ^f gradu " 
He was the first who caused the Theses, which were 
the subjects of the public disputation, to be printed. 

In October, the College, as usual, met after the October. 

Session XIV. 

vacation ; and Mr. George Robertson undertook the 
charge of the new Beian class. But on the 13th of Dec. 13. 

5 J m A tumult in 

December the tranquillity of the city was disturbed $!** 
by a dreadful tumult, by which the King's life was quei 
exposed to danger ; and which afterwards well nigh 
proved fatal to the city of Edinburgh, and to the 
existence of the Presbyterian Church Government in 
Scotland. The excessive lenity on the part of the 
King to the Popish Lords, and the suspicion, violence, 
and rash proceedings of the Presbyterian clergy, were 
the causes of this shocking outrage against ail law 
and good government. Although the Magistrates of 
Edinburgh had exerted themselves in repressing the 
commotion, and had succeeded so far as to preserve 
the King's life, and to hinder the effusion of blood ; 
yet, because they had not prevented the commence- 
ment of this affair, of which it afterwards was proved 
that they had no previous suspicion, it was not till 



26 HISTORY OF THE 

after the interposition of Queen Elizabeth, and the 
most abject submission which they made to the King, 
that they were restored to the Royal favour. 1 The 
Ministers of Edinburgh found it necessary to consult 
their safety by flight ; and though James at length 
suffered his resentment against them to be in some 
measure mitigated, by the mediation chiefly of Mr. 
Rollock, Principal of the College, of whom he always 
entertained a most favourable opinion, yet he had 
resolved in his own mind to humble the power of the 
Church, and he succeeded. He soon obliged the 
Clergy to submit to his own jurisdiction, and in other 
respects abridged their privileges ; and before the end 
of the year 1598, he prevailed with a majority of the 
Assembly to declare it lawful for ministers to accept 
of a seat in Parliament, and to agree that the Church 
should be represented in that Supreme Court by fifty 
one of their number ; a circumstance which, under 
the appearance of favouring the Church, was, with 
reason, thought by many to point at the restoring of 
Episcopacy. 

1697 The College, however, notwithstanding the great 
Ae tenth disturbance which had prevailed in the city, was 

Class grauu- 

regularly conducted to the conclusion of the session ; 
and, on the 30th of July, the tenth class, under the 
tuition of Mr. Charles Ferine, thirty-four in num- 
IHT, received the usual degree. Robert Ker, Lord 
Newbattle, afterwards Earl of Lothian, bore a share 
in the public disputation on this occasion, and also 

1 SIT hi. liil>rrtson'H History of Scotland, Book viii., ami MaitluiKl's History 
iii. iii. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 27 

subscribed the Confession and Covenant. He soon 
after set out on foreign . travel, accompanied by Mr. 
Patrick Sands, which vacated one of the professor- 
ships. Upon which Mr. William Craig, a young man 
of talents and polite manners, who had taken his 
degree in 1593, and was recommended by Principal October. 
Bollock, was chosen; and admitted in October to the craig, eilf- 111 

venth Pro- 



charge of Mr. Sands's class, then entering on 
third year of their course ; and he was the eleventh 
Professor of Philosophy. 

The same month, at the opening of the new session, session xv. 
Mr. Charles Ferme entered upon the charge of the 
Bejan class ; Mr. George Kobertson proceeded with 
the Semi ; and the Magistrand was now conducted by 
Mr. Henry Charteris. 

This year, Sir Adrian Damman, who, in consequence 
of a contract betwixt the Town-Council and the Col- 
lege of Justice formerly mentioned, had given public 
lectures annually on the Latin classics since the end 
of the year 1594, thought proper, on account of his 
other engagements, to resign this duty ; and a new 

contract was entered into, on the 28th of December, Dee . 

i i i i P 

by which it was stipulated that the interest oi 2000 

pounds Scots of the sum of 3000 formerly aUotted f or 
the support of a Professor of Law, should be employed 
for maintaining six bursars or exhibitioners ; fifty S i X bursaries 

, founded; 

marks being then esteemed a competent annual supply 
for an ordinary scholar ; and the interest of the re- 

maining 1000 was reserved for a salary to a Prof essor and a Profes- 

sorship of 
of Humanity or Philosophy : the other four Eegents, Humanity. 

at that time, having each no more than 100 pounds 



^ new 



28 HISTORY OF THE 

Mode of Scots 1 yearly. It was agreed also that the election 
of a Professor of Humanity should be made by six 
delegates, of whom two should be from the Lords of 
Session, two from the Town-Council, one from the 
Faculty of Advocates, and one from the Society of 
Writers to the Signet ; and that they should take the 
advice of the Principal of the College. Previous to 

ami Reguia- the conclusion of the contract, the following regu- 

t ions for the . 111 11 mi 

professor, lations had been adopted : That the Regent of 
Humanity shall teach the Rhetoric of Cassander, and 
the Orations of Cicero ; and shall cause his scholars to 
make short declamations weekly ; that he shall also 
teach Horace, Juvenal, Plautus, the Greek Grammar, 
with certain Greek authors ; and as the scholars learn 
an oration of Cicero, he shall cause them to declaim it 
publicly in the school. 

Mr. John Mr. John Ray, a native of the county of Angus, 
prof.ssorof well advanced in life, and who had great experience 
in teaching, though he had only taken his degree at 
the last laureation, was, by the approbation of all the 
parties, elected ; and was properly the first Professor 
of Humanity in the College of Edinburgh. He gave 
instructions on the Latin language and literature, both 
in public and private. 

In January 1598, Mr. George Robertson having 
accepted a call to be one of the ministers of the town 
of Edinburgh, 2 a public comparative trial was held lr 

8, 6s. 8il. sterling. It should seem James i. About money see Chalmers's 

that ti-u p.-r.vnt. at this time was not Life of Ruddiman. 1>1>. I!"!. 1'.'7, 321. 

thought exorbitant interest. Mr. Hume a Mr. Gec-ive K<>l>erts..n did not long 

says that interest in Kn^laii<l,ilnringthu survive his admission as a minister uf 

reign of James, was never la-low ei^ht. Kdinltiir^h. He lived just lon^ emm-h 

nt. .\j>i>endix to the Reign of to compose au account "1 the life of 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 29 

the election of a Professor to supply his place ; and, 
after a disputation continued for some days, Mr. John Mr. joim 

Adamson, 

Adamson, son of Mr. Henry Adamson, Provost ofjgJjJS?*" 
Perth, proved the successful candidate, and entered P1 
upon the charge of the Semi class begun by Mr. 
Robertson. Mr. Adamson became a great ornament 
to the College, not only as one of the Regents, but 
afterwards as Principal. He had taken the master's 
degree in August 1597. 1 

On the 29th of July, the Magistrand class, consist- Juiy29. 

J ' The eleventh 

ing of thirty-two students, under the tuition of Mr. gjf graclu 
Henry Chart eris, being the eleventh since the institu- 
tion of the College, was graduated with the usual 
solemnity. 

At this time, Mr. James Bannatyne, brother to Mr. T he first 
Patrick Bannatyne, Justice-Clerk Depute, bequeathed Solution. 
100 merks to the College ; which was the first private 
donation bestowed upon this Seminary. 

At the opening of a new session in October, the October. 

Session XVI. 

Senatus Academicus consisted of the following mem- 
bers : 

Mr. ROBERT ROLLOCK, Principal and Professor of Divinity. 
Mr. HENRY CHARTERIS, Professors of The Bejan class. 



Mr. CHARLES FERME, I Philosophy 
Mr. JOHN ADAMSON, [ having the 
Mr. WILLIAM CRAIG, / charge of 



The Senii class. 
The Bachelor class. 
The Magistrand class. 



Mr JOHN RAY, Professor of Humanity. 

But the society did not long remain in this state ; 

Principal Rollock, Vita? et Mortis D. to the Signet ; and in May Robert Gil- 

Roberti Rolloci Scoti, Narratio. Edin- mour, a bursar and student in the Ma- 

burgi, 1599, 12mo. gistrand class, was made Janitor of the 

1 On the 21st of March, William College, the third who had held that 

Muirhead was elected one of the six office. He was afterwards minister at 

bursars by the Advocates and Writers Calder-Clere. 






30 HISTORY OF THE 

1599. for, on the 8th of February 1599, the College sustained 
prTnci P a f i an irreparable loss by the death of Principal Rollock 
in the forty-fourth year of his age. He was a man 
eminently qualified for the offices which he held, and 
had discharged them all with the greatest approbation. 
He was equally dear to the patrons, to his colleagues, 
and to the whole body of the students. 

This excellent and useful man, for so he may be 
truly called, was born in the county of Stirling, in 
the year 1555, of an honourable family, being the 
second son of David Rollock of Powhouse, and of 
Marion Livingstone, daughter of Henry Living- 
stone of Westquarter. 1 His family was a branch 
of that of the ancient Barons of Duncrub, afterwards 
ennobled by the title of Lord Rollo. 2 He studied 
Latin at the grammar-school of Stirling, under Thomas 
Buchanan, a famous master, nephew to the celebrated 
George. Thence he was removed to St. Salvator's 
College in the University of St. Andrews, where he 
distinguished himself so much in passing through his 
philosophical course, that he soon after obtained first 
the Professorship of Humanity, and afterwards a 
regency of Philosophy in the same College. It was 
there, while he was carrying his first class of students 
towards the conclusion of their quadrennial course, 
that his reputation attracted the notice of the 
n.ttrs and Town-Council of Edinburgh. He a 
of their invitation to be the first Professor in their 
newly-instituted College ; and they could not have 

1 Vita- <-t Mini is Kiili. Knlloci Nar- * Oa\\ \<m\\ History <>l tin- t'niv.-r- 
ratio. Auct<>). .U-rtson. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 31 

made a more fortunate choice. He discharged the 
duty first of a Professor of Philosophy, and then of 
Principal and Professor of Divinity, with such in- 
dustry, ability, and success, that he had the satisfaction 
before his death to see the society over which he 
presided one of the most flourishing in the kingdom. 

According to the custom which then prevailed, 
Bollock conveyed his instructions to the students 
generally in the Latin tongue, of which the works he 
has left show him to have been a great master. He is 
said to have been profoundly skilled in the dogmatic 
philosophy of Aristotle, entertaining at the same time 
a disgust at the absurd wranglings which had long 
prevailed in the schools, and showing a high esteem 
for the dialectics of Ramus, of which no man knew 
how to make a better use. 

As Principal of the College, it was his custom 
frequently to visit the Philosophy classes privately, 
in order to try the progress of the students, and to 
exhort them to the practice of piety and virtue. On 
Wednesday, in the afternoon, he gave public lectures 
on Divinity to the Philosophical classes, as well as the 
students in that faculty, from the former of whom he 
exacted an account in public of the knowledge they 
had acquired during the preceding week. After the 
lecture was ended, and the students of Theology 
dismissed, he proceeded to the exercise of discipline 
with the Philosophy classes ; and, when any case of 
extraordinary negligence or transgression required to 
be corrected, he generally attained his purpose by 
means of earnest expostulation and admonition in 



32 HISTORY OF THE 

preference to coercion, in the exercise of which he 
was very sparing, although in those days corporal 
punishment had not been laid aside in the Univer- 
sities. But, whether he administered chastisement 
or rebuke, he always acted in so judicious a manner 
as to conciliate the respect and attachment of the 
students, and to allure their minds to the admiration 
and love of religion and virtue. With respect to the 
students of Divinity, he was so successful in his 
method of training them up for the proper exercise 
of the pastoral charge, that, for the space of twelve 
years, he had the most flourishing seminary of the 
kind known in that age. 

Besides his double academical duty, as Principal 
and Professor of Divinity, he likewise, at the request 
of the Magistrates and Town-Council, preached weekly 
on Sunday mornings in the east church of St. Giles ; 
and, during the two last years of his life, he discharged 
the whole duty of one of the eight ministers of the 
city, and was much admired by his hearers as an 
eloquent and powerful preacher. 

But such a variety of severe duty was calculated 
to impair a constitution much more vigorous than 
that which Kollock possessed. In the year 1596, he 
already felt the excruciating effects of a confirmed 
stone ; and the unfortunate tumult excited in the 
city about that time gave him additional anxiety and 
pain. He, indeed, had the satisfaction to perceive 
his interest, and the respect shown to his character so 
powerful as to give him a principal share in recon- 
ciling the King to the Magistrates of Edinburgh, and 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 33 

in procuring the return of the ministers to their 
charge in the city, but his health continued gradually 
to decline. 

The ensuing year, however, he still retained a 
sufficient degree of vigour to enable him to act as 
Moderator of the General Assembly, which was held 
at Dundee, and where the King himself was present. 
Bollock's principles were decidedly loyal, and he was 
personally attached to the King ; and, though a strict 
Presbyterian, he maintained the necessity and utility 
of a firm alliance betwixt the Church and State. He 
condemned the violence of the clergy discovered in 
the late tumult, and recommended to them a peaceful 
deportment, and the cultivation of harmony and a 
good understanding with the King, whose professions 
in favour of the Presbyterian doctrine and discipline 
he believed to be sincere, and never suspected him of 
any design to restore the Episcopal Hierarchy. In 
that Assembly, therefore, he promoted those measures 
which were agreeable to the King ; and, being one of 
the number of the subsequent Commission, he, at the 
King's desire, supported the petition presented to 
Parliament by that body, praying that the Church 
might be represented in the Supreme Civil Court by 
a certain number of ecclesiastics to be chosen by the 
General Assembly. But this worthy man did not 
live to see the end of these concessions, which after- 
wards turned out so different from his expectations. 
Hence he was considered by some of his own party 
as too credulous, and better fitted for the duties of a 
College than the management of public affairs. 



34 HISTORY OF THE 

Meanwhile, on the approach of winter, his health 
was so much impaired, that he found it necessary to 
confine himself to his chamber, and soon after to his 
bed. He saw his dissolution gradually approaching, 
but did not decline the visits and the conversation 
of his friends. Two of these, Patrick Galloway and 
David Lindsay, he requested to go to the King, to 
whom he professed inviolable attachment, and, in his 
name, to exhort his Majesty to continue to the end 
of life in the paths of religion, which he had hitherto 
firmly trod, and not suffer himself to be diverted from 
that honourable course by the secret machinations of 
designing men, or the hope of aggrandizing his royal 
power, and always to think and speak with decent 
esteem of the Ministers of the Church. 

With the Ministers of the city, who came to visit 
him in a body, he held an affectionate and pious 
discourse ; calling God to witness with what ardent 
affection he had ever regarded the University, and 
with what fidelity he had performed liis academical 
duty, not doubting that his brethren would readily 
bear testimony to the great advantage derived both 
to the Church and State from that useful institution. 
And now that the end of his mortal state \vas at 
hand, he conjured them, when he should be no more, 
to support, to protect, to cherish it to the utmost of 
their power. In the exercise of the pastoral office, 
he could not, he said, affirm that he had in reality 
done any essential service, he only ventured to assert 
that it had been his earnest endeavour to do so. He 
put tin-in iii mind of his conduct in the late (Jew-nil 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. ;',,3 

Assembly at Dundee, and declared that he reflected 
with satisfaction on the part he had taken in healing 
the wounds given to the peace of the Church by the 
late unhappy tumult. He expressed his approbation 
of a recent measure adopted, by w r hich their number 
was doubled, 1 and his satisfaction in having recom- 
mended two of them on this occasion, who had been 
bred under his own tuition. He wished that the 
Church should ever maintain a firm, alliance with the 
State, and confessed that he had exerted his influence 
in promoting that union, but without sacrificing the 
interest of the Church to his love of peace or his 
attachment to the King, w r ith respect to whom he 
strongly recommended lenient rather than violent 
behaviour on the part of the clergy, as the surest 
method of obtaining their desire from a Prince, who, 
as he thought, had given strong evidence of a firm 
intention to support the cause of religion. He then 
took leave of them in the most pious and affectionate 
terms. 

In the evening of the same day, when his physicians 
were endeavouring by medicines to palliate the vio- 
lence of his malady, " God/' said he, " shall now be 
my only physician;" and he persisted in an effusion 
of strains of the most fervent and pathetic devotion. 
Having taken each of the bystanders by the hand, 
he blessed them, one by one, with such pious and 
dignified expressions, " that he seemed," says his 
biographer, 2 "to be one of the patriarchs;" and he 

1 See Dr. Robertson's History of Scotland, Book viii. 

2 Geovgii Robertson! Narratio, etc., 1599. 



36 HISTORY OF THE 

accompanied his benediction with prudent exhorta- 
tions suited to the disposition of each. 

During that night he enjoyed some repose, contrary 
to expectation ; and, on the following day, the Ma- 
gistrates and several of the Town Council came to 
pay their respects to him. He spoke to them of his 
approaching dissolution, as a thing he had long wished 
for. He mentioned the anxious concern which he had 
always felt for the prosperity of the College, and said 
that he should not act consistently with this sentiment, 
if he did not freely declare his opinion with respect 
to a successor. " Why," continued he, " need you go 
in quest of some stranger to undertake the office, 
who may know nothing about the doctrine and dis 
cipline of this institution, when you have at hand a 
person of excellent talents, and well prepared for 
undertaking such a duty ? I mean Mr. Henry Char- 
tens, who possesses eveiy sort of knowledge which 
he could derive from my own instructions, and who 
has already, for ten years, discharged the office of a 
Professor of Philosophy with the greatest applause. 
Commit the helm of your College to his hands, and 
you shall see that God will prosper his labours. You 
ought to be its protectors as well as patrons ; lot a 
higher solicitude for its prosperity possess your minds." 

He recommended to their care his wife, and liis 
only child, yet unborn, of whom, after being ten y< -ars 
married, she was then pregnant ; he acknowledged 
that his inattention to worldly affairs had been so 
great, that In- li;il saved nothing of tin- salaries which 
ho, had enj, >yed : but he expressed a hope that the 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 37 

affection with which they had ever regarded himself 
would still, after his death, be extended to his widow 
and his orphan child. The Magistrates assured him 
that everything should be done according to his wish. 
He next exhorted the Professors of Philosophy to per- 
severe in the proper discharge of their duty, and to 
behave with due submission to his successor. Then 
he relapsed into the most fervent strains of devotion, 
beseeching his blessed Saviour to hasten the time of 
his dissolution. 

At midnight he got some rest, which the force of 
his disease soon interrupted. He sent for his venerable 
colleague, Mr. Walter Balcanquhal, whom he addressed 
in most affectionate terms, and requested the assistance 
of his prayers ; but expressed a wish that he would 
put up no request for the prolonging of his life. 
After this religious service was concluded, he enlarged 
upon the great advantages derived from the preaching 
of the Gospel. Again he had recourse to prayer and 
to pious ejaculation, demeaning himself, and reposing 
his assurance of salvation in the merits of Christ. It 
was now Sunday, and he was asked whether he chose 
the conversation of any minister; but he declined 
disturbing them in the exercise of their public func- 
tion, and begged that he might himself be permitted 
to converse familiarly with his God. 1 

In the evening the Lord Provost of the city 2 
went in to him, whom he thus addressed : " I have 
earnestly recommended the University to the favour 

1 The words of his biographer are : 2 Sir Alexander Seton, Lord Fy vie ; 
" Sinite," inquit, "me psittaci instar, also President of the Court of Session, 
cum Domino meo balbutire." afterwards Earl of Dunfermline. 



38 HISTORY OF THE 

of the Magistrates, over whom you, my Lord, pivsi< le ; 
and I have now to request that you may take her 
under your particular protection. Your rank in the 
State, and the high dignity with which you are in- 
vested, enable you also to succour the Church ; do 
not, my Lord, withhold from her your good offices, or 
forget that the source of your own salvation is from 
Christ, and that present things are of a transient 
nature, and will soon fade away." 

During the ensuing night his disease became still 
more excruciating ; and when his attendants observed 
him resisting and sustaining the most vehement ago- 
nies, and were unable to abstain from tears and 
lamentations, he soothed and consoled them in the 
tenderest manner, dissuading them from bewailing his 
fate, for that he would soon arrive at the consunmia 
tion of all his wishes. After this, he refused every 
sort of sustenance, and recommended the care of his 
funeral to his two highly esteemed friends, William 
Little, late Lord Provost, and William Scott of Ely. 
In the evening Ins discourse was observed to be less 
diffuse ; but what he uttered was still full of energy 
and ardent devotion, until he fell at length into a 
gentle sleep ; and after continuing in that state for 
some time, he resigned his breath without a struggle, 
and with the greatest composure. 

Such was the man who gave the first impulse to 
tlmse instructions which have been regularly <lrliv< -red 
in the University of Edinburgh for upwards of two 
< cnturif>. \Vhilr tho historians of kingdoms ami 
nali"n> HIV ambitious of ivrnnlin.L' tin- minute rirnmi- 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 39 

stances in the lives and characters of those princes, 
statesmen, and warriors who, sometimes by their vir- 
tues, but far oftener by their crimes, have attracted 
the admiration of mankind, Literary History must 
move in an humbler sphere, and often be contented 
with celebrating the less splendid labours of those use- 
ful men who have employed their talents in diffusing 
the principles of virtue and of patriotism among the 
youth, in setting before them the true felicity of their 
nature, and teaching them how to counteract those 
fatal passions which are the source of so much misery 
to the human race. 

After Mr. Bollock's death, the greatest respect was 
shown to his memory. He was followed to the grave 
by an immense concourse of all ranks, who lamented 
him with expressions of the deepest sorrow. Upwards 
of thirty copies of verses were composed in his praise 
by his literary friends ; and the Magistrates of Edin- 
burgh, mindful of his dying request, voted, on the 
15th of the following June, 100 marks of annuity to 
his widow for five years, and the sum of 1000 marks 
as a portion for his posthumous daughter ; and after- 
wards, on the 22d of February 1611, they bestowed 
upon her 100 marks yearly, to continue to the time 
of her marriage. 1 

On the 14th of Februaiy 1599, the Town-Council, ^^ 
in compliance with the recommendation of the late 
Mr. Bollock, elected Mr. Henry Charteris to be Prin- Mr. Henry 

* Charteris, 



cipal and Professor of Divinity in his place. Mr. ci 

Professor of 

i Her name was Jean, and she was Mr. Walter. Her mother, whose name Divinity. 
afterwards married to Mr. Robert Bal- was Helen Baron, was daughter to the 
caiujuhal, minister of Tranent. son of Laird of Kinnaird in Fife. 



40 HISTORY OF THE 

Charteris had held the office of one of the Kegents 
for almost ten years, and was a most learned, modest, 
and respectable man. A vacancy of one of the pro- 
fessorships of Philosophy being thus occasioned, and a 
public comparative trial being announced, two candi- 
dates entered their names, Mr. Robert Scott and Mr. 
Andrew Young, the former of whom had taken his 
degree in 1597, and the latter in 1598, and who had 
been recently elected a Professor of Philosophy at 
Aberdeen. Though both of them were much approved 
of, the judges gave the preference to Mr. Scott, who 
was accordingly elected ; and he received from Mr. 
Charteris the charge of the Bejan class. Mr. Young, 
however, obtained a promise from the patrons, and 
was named by them to succeed upon the next vacancy 
that should happen. Mr. Charles Ferine having some 
time before accepted of a call to be Minister at Fraser- 
Mr. James burgh, Mr. James Knox, who, on a former trial, had 

Knox, the 

g lven great satisfaction to the judges, and had by 



them been recommended to the Town-Council, who 
na< ^ elected him accordingly, now entered to the 
charge of the Semi class in place of Mr. Ferme. 

On the 28th of July, Mr. William Craig advanced 

The twelfth , - r . . 

SS. 8gradu the Magistrand class to the usual degree, in number 
thirty-five, being the twelfth since the institution 
of the College. This is the year in winch the King- 
published his book entitled BaaiXitcov Awpov, containing 
precepts concerning the art of government, addressed 
to Prince Henry his son. 

In October, on the meeting of the College ai't r tin- 

v ( ts[i )| 

vacation, the .-talc <] ih Sciiiitus Academirus was as 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 41 

follows : Mr. Henry Charteris, Principal and Profes- 
sor of Divinity ; Mr. William Craig, Mr. Kobert Scott, 
Mr. James Knox, Mr. John Adamson, Professors of 
Philosophy ; Mr. John Eay, Professor of Humanity. 

At the conclusion of the session, the thirteenth class, i 6 oo. 
under the tuition of Mr. John Adamson. consisting of T* 16 thiir - 

O teenth Class 

thirty-five students, received the degree in the usual graduated 
manner. The Theses printed on this occasion are 
dedicated by Mr. Adamson to Alexander Seton, Lord 
Fyvie, President of the Court of Session, and Lord 
Provost of the city. 

In October, at the opening of a new session, Mr. October. 

Session XIX. 

Adamson, in his turn, undertook the charge of the 
new Bejan class. 

On the 10th of December, the Town-Council, find- Dec. 10. 
ing that the accommodation formerly provided for the 
students to attend public worship in the East Church 
of St. Giles's, called the High Church, was not large 
enough to contain them all, allotted the east gallery 
of the Trinity College Church for their reception, till 
a more commodious place should be found. 

On the 30th of July, Mr. James Knox brought the ieoi. 

J July 30. 

Magistrand class, consisting of twenty students, to the SirSiass 
usual degree. Upon that occasion the Theses con- g 
tinned to be printed. 

The Principal's annual salary having hitherto been The Princi 

pal's salary 

no more than 400 marks, the patrons, on the 16th au ^ mented - 
of September this year augmented it to 600. 

In October, at the opening of a new session, Mr. October. 

Session !XX 

James Knox entered upon the charge of the new 
Bejan class ; and, in December, Mr. William Craig 



42 HISTORY OF THE 

resigned his office, and went into France, where he 

was elected Professor of Divinity in the College of 

Mr. Andrew Sauniur. 1 This opened a place for Mr. Andrew Young, 

teenth'pro- who was accordingly brought from Aberdeen and set 

fessorof & * 

Philosophy. over {kg c i agg vaca ted by Mr. Craig. 

1602. On the 22d of February, much sooner than the 

February 22. J ' 

ci^s fl ?a e du h usual period (probably from some apprehension of the 
plague, which soon after broke out), Mr. Kobert Scott 
advanced the Magistrand class, consisting of thirty- 
two students, to the Master's degree with the usual 
solemnity. 
October. The College being again met in October, after the 

{Session XXL 

vacation, Mr. Scott undertook the charge of the new 
Bejaii class ; but continued in the office only till the 
1003. beginning of the ensuing January, having then a<:- 
ce pted of a call to be one of the ministers of Glasgow. 



Upon which, a comparative trial for a successor being 

Philosophy. 

announced by programs, tour competitors appeared, 01 
whom Mr. James Keid was preferred by the judges ; 
and being elected accordingly, he proceeded with the 
Bejan class. 

Hirdi24. The city of Edinburgh, its College, and the whole 
ttTttawwof kingdom, were now to be deprived of the presence of 
their monarch. He was, in consequence of the death 
of Queen Elizabeth, which happened on the 24th of 
March, soon to take possession of the English throne. 
Previous to this event, he had granted to tin- Magi>- 
t rat es of Edinburgh a most ample Charter, dated at 
llolvroodhouse the 15th of that month, confirm ing all 

1 Altrr holding this office but for a nml dii-d in his own house in Hl:u-k- 
| u-tiiriu'd t<> S.-ntlaiid. friars Wynd. Edinburgh. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 4;'> 

his former donations to them. This is called the City 
of Edinburgh's Golden Charter. It contains, amidst 
a- great variety of other matter, a particular enumera- 
tion and confirmation of all the former grants respect- 
ing the College of Edinburgh. On the 5th of April, 
the King began his journey from his native kingdom, 
and entered London on the 7th of May, amidst the 
acclamations of the people. But the vast accession 
of power and importance which James acquired by 
this event, and the dazzling objects of ambition which 
it held out to him, did not alienate his affection 
from the people of his native kingdom. Even the 
College of Edinburgh, humble as it was, and poorly 
endowed, was not, amidst a variety of concerns of 
superior moment, entirely effaced from his memory. 
In his absence he showed himself not unmindful of 
it ; and, when he revisited his native kingdom, after 
an interval of fourteen years, it was destined to re- 
ceive additional marks of his favour. 

Meanwhile, on the 29th of July, Mr. Andrew Young's July -29. 

- 

pupils in the Magistrand class, now the sixteenth 
from the institution of the College, and twenty- three 
in number, received, as usual, the Master's degree. 

Having brought the annals of the College of Edin- 
burgh to the termination of the twenty-first session, 
in the year 1603, when the accession of James the 
Sixth to the crown of England forms a new era in the 
political history of Scotland, and may be supposed to 
have had some influence also on the state of its learn- 
ing, it may be proper to introduce here some account 
of that sort of literature and science which was taught 



The six- 



44 HISTORY OF THE 

in this new institution, and of the method observed 
by the Professors in conveying their instructions to 
the students. 

In a liberal education, the object next after the 
acquisition of reading and writing was then, and still 
is, a knowledge of the Latin tongue. Without this 
it is impossible to obtain an intimate acquaintance 
with the Roman authors, whose works, together with 
those of the ancient Greeks, have, ever since the re- 
vival of learning in the West in the fifteenth or six- 
teenth centuries, been justly considered as the only 
genuine standards of fine writing. 

But scholars in those days had additional and in- 
dispensable motives for becoming proficients in Latin. 
It had long been the universal medium of communi- 
cation among the learned ; it was the language in 
which the Professors in the Universities delivered their 
instructions, and in which the students not only per- 
formed most of their Academical exercises, but in 
which they were obliged, under a strict penalty, always 
to converse within the precincts of the College. 

The knowledge of Latin had never been utterly 
extinguished, even in those dark ages which succeeded 
the subversion of the Roman Empire. The service of 
the Romish Church, by being performed in that lan- 
guage, obliged the priests to learn it. Many of these, 
indeed, contented themselves with a very limited ac- 
quaintance with it, and scarcely understood the Bre- 
viary which they were obliged daily to read. Tlinv 
are, however, some instances of persons distinguished 
for profound erudition so far back as the eighth and 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 45 

ninth centuries ; but such of their productions as have 
been preserved are so inelegant and so entirely de- 
stitute of classical purity, that they now attract no 
attention, unless from those who find it necessary to 
search into them, on account of the historical facts 
which they contain. In those gloomy periods books 
were extremely scarce, and libraries existed only in 
monasteries and cathedrals. In these recesses were 
preserved most of the MSS. of the Eoman classics, 
which were brought to light upon the revival of 
learning ; and it appears that the most learned of 
the priests and monks were not unacquainted with 
them, but they made little use of them for the refine 
ment of their taste, or as their masters in the art of 
composition. As no literary knowledge could be 
acquired, but by the ecclesiastics who frequented those 
sacred retreats, and as, previous to the origin of 
Universities and Colleges, no schools were to be found 
anywhere else, the great body of the laity was plunged 
into the most profound and infamous ignorance. Even 
princes and persons of the highest rank who were 
employed in the administration of civil affairs, could 
neither read nor write. The field of battle was the 
only scene where they could acquire distinction. 1 

It may also be proper to introduce here some ac- 
count of the method of examining the different classes 
at the opening of each session, and the trial of the 
Magistrand class at the conclusion, previous to their 

1 [This and the three preceding para- other branches of learning tanght in 

graphs occur as a detached fragment of the Philosophical classes ; but this in- 

Professor Dalzel's MS. He probably tention he does not seem to have exe- 

intended to have added some notice of cuted. EDIT.] 



46 HISTORY OF THE 

receiving the degree, from which it will appear how 
laborious the Professors were in the discharge of their 
duty, and what diligence was required from the students 
in performing their exercises. 
Method of The month of October, during the course of which 

Examination , , ^ _ - . , ... 

at the be- the students were entering or returning to their studies, 
3ion - was employed in the reading of Latin and Greek, and 
other preparation for the business of the ensuing ses- 
sion ; and about 1 the beginning of November, when 
the classes were fully met, the Principal, or, in his 
absence, the Senior Regent, in a meeting in the public 
hall, a little before nine in the morning, prescribed 
to the Bejan class a piece of Scots, which was called 

The Public the Public Theme. This bein^ copied by each, and 

Theme to be J 

Sn lint taen rea( * a l U( l, the students were separated, and, 
under the observation of the Regents who attended 
them by turns, all except their own particular Pro- 
fessor, they translated it into Latin, and, having copied 
their respective versions in a fair hand, and subscribed 
them each with his own name, and the name of the 
Master who had instructed him in Latin, they de- 
livered them to the attending Regent before twelve 
o'clock. At four o'clock in tin- a fin-noon, they met 
again in the public hall in presence of the Principal 
and the Regents, when each of them, upon being 
called by name, read his Latin version aloud under 
the particular inspection of one of the Regents, and 
then returned the paper to be perused by the Priii 
cipal and Regents ; and, if any one of them was 
found so deficient in the knowledge of Latin, that 

1 This account is taken from Crawl. <r<\'< History <>f the I'nivcrsity 



examined. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 47 

there was no hope of his profiting by the instructions 
to be delivered in the class, he was advised to return 
to the study of that language. 

The next day a Latin Theme was prescribed to the A Latin 

* . x Theme to be 

Semi class to be translated into Greek, and afterwards gj? int<) 
read and examined in the same manner. 

The third day a passage of some Latin and Greek Analysis of 
author was prescribed to the Bachelor class to be 
analysed logically, and an account was taken of this 
task also in the same manner. 

Previous to this, the Semi class, at the opening of semi 
the session, spent several days in repetition of what 
they had formerly learned, and then they were exa 
mined publicly by the Magistrand and Bachelor Re- 
gents and the Professor of Humanity. The eldest 
Philosophy Regent examined them on Ramus's Dia- 
lectic and the Conipend of Ars Syllogistica, the second 
on the Greek poets, the Humanity Regent on the 
Greek prose authors ; and an account was taken not 
only of what had been taught publicly, but of what 
each student had acquired by his own private industry. 

After the finishing of this trial, the Bachelors were 
examined by the Magistrand, Semi, and Bejan Re- 
gents, the first putting questions on Porphyry and 
the Categories, the second irepl 'Ep^yveias and the 
Priors, and the third on the Topics, Sophistics, Ramus, 
etc. 

Lastly, the Magistrand class underwent a double 
examination by the Bachelor, Semi, and Bejan Regents. 
In the first place, the eldest Regent demanded an 
account of what was called the common part of Logic, 



48 HISTORY OF THE 

the next of the Demonstration, and the last of the 
Topics, Sophistics, and Eamus ; and, in the second 
place, the eldest put questions on the Acroamatical 
books de Principiis, the second on the rest of the 
Acroasis, and the third on the Ethics. 

A few days after the conclusion of this first exami- 
nation of the Magistrand class, a second trial was 
held of all the classes, on account of such students as 
had been absent ; and whoever failed to appear at 
both examinations was called to a strict account in 
a third trial either in the public hall, or in the private 
schools. 

Before the middle of July, near the close of the 
session, as preparatory to receiving the degree, the 
Magistrands gave up their names for trial in the 
public hall, by the Bachelor, Semi, Bejan, and Hu 
manity Eegents. This trial also consisted of two 
parts. In the first, the eldest Philosophy Regent 
demanded an account of the general part of Logic ; the 
next, of the Demonstration ; the third, of the Topics, 
Sophistics, and Ramus ; and the Humanist of the 
Ethics. In the second, the eldest Regent interrogated 
on the Acroamatics ; the next, de Ccelo and on As- 
tronomy ; the third, de Ortu and on the Meteors ; 
and the Humanist, de Anima. 

The evening before the public disputation on the 
Theses, they met in presence of the Principal and 
Professors, and subscribed the Confession of Faith : 
and this year likewise they subscribed for the first 
time a solemn engagement to persevere in affection 
to the College where they had received their educa- 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 49 

tion. 1 Then the Principal, upon finding that all of 
them had received a certificate of having performed 
all the necessary exercises, took the report of the five 
Regents respecting the behaviour and ability of every 
one in particular, and, according to their merit, en- 
rolled their names, distinguishing them into certain 
ranks, some being styled Exortes, before all the circles ; 
others being of the first circle, with some annexed 
to it ; others of the second circle ; the rest being 
arranged in a line, whose names it was thought proper 
to suppress in the public recitation. This was called 
" The circling of the class." 

The day usually appointed for the graduation was 
Monday, as the Court of Session was sitting at that 
time of the year ; and, as on Monday the Court never 
met, this afforded an opportunity for the Lord Chan- 
cellor and other Privy Councillors, the Lords of 
Exchequer, the Lords of Session, Advocates, and 
Clerks to the Signet, to be present at this solemnity, 
with the Lord Provost, Magistrates, and Town-Council, 
Patrons of the College, and other learned persons. 

The disputation upon the Theses used to commence 
in the morning, and terminate in the evening about 
six o'clock, when the candidates were called in by 
name, according to the ranks previously determined, 
and made their appearance in a conspicuous place 
before the Principal, who first gave them a short 
exhortation to a virtuous and honourable life, and 
then performed the ceremony of graduation, by touch- 
ing the head of every one of the candidates with a 

1 These subscriptions are still extant in the Graduation-Book. 
D 



50 HISTORY OF THE 

bonnet, after which one of the number, in a short 
speech, concluded the solemnity. 

The College of Edinburgh, for many years after its 
institution, conferred no other degree than that of 
Master of Arts, although the privilege of erecting a 
Studium Generate, or University, being originally 
granted to the patrons by the King, and afterwards 
ratified in Parliament, certainly gave a title to the 
College to confer degrees also in all the other faculties, 
Theology, Law, and Medicine ; a right, however, 
which it did not begin to exercise till after the be- 
ginning of the eighteenth century, when the number 
of Professors had considerably increased. 

In the study of Philosophy, which, with Theology, 
was the principal employment of the youth in this 
Seminary during the four years' course, Aristotle was 
still regarded with peculiar respect. His doctrines, 
however, were in a great measure cleared from that 
gross and mysterious jargon which adhered to them 
in the ages which immediately preceded the revival 
of classical learning, the invention of printing, and 
the reformation of religion, as may be seen from the 
Theses which are still extant, and which formed the 
subjects of the philosophic disputations of the students 
previous to their receiving the degree. From in- 
-!'< -ting these, it will appear that the students, gg 
well as the Professors, were able to have recourse to 
Aristotle in the original, and to reason upon his tends 
in a much more clear and intelligible manner than 
had been the case in the Schools, when- lie was known 
only through the medium of a barbarous Latinity. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 51 

The great Lord Bacon indeed existed at this period, 
was even in the prime of life, and occupied in those 
studies, the fruits of which were destined to bring 
about a complete revolution in the Schools of Philo- 
sophy, and to add lustre to James's reign in England. 
But his genius was yet unknown in the Colleges of 
his native country, as well as in those of Scotland, 
which last, however, were fully as forward in cherish- 
ing and admiring it when known, as well as that 
of the divine Newton which soon succeeded it, as the 
Universities of any other country. 



CHAPTER II. 

FROM THE ACCESSION OF JAMES VI. IN 1603, TO HIS DEATH 
IN 1625. 

1603 . ON the meeting of the College in October 1603, 
s|Jum' Mr. Andrew Young undertook the charge of the 

new Bejan class, Mr. James Reid proceeded with the 
Semi, Mr. James Knox with the Bachelor, and Mr. 
John Adamson with the Magistrand. But about the 
close of the year the plague broke out, and it in- 
creased to such a degree of violence, that before the 

1604 . end of May in the ensuing year, most of the students 

May 28 

The seven- were dispersed, which obliged Mr. Adamson to anti- 

tcenth Class 

cipate the usual term for graduation, by admitting his 
class, in number twenty-six, to the degree on the 28th 
of that month, after publicly defending the Theses, 
without the usual form of previous examination ; after 
which he accepted of a call to be minister at North 
Berwick, and resigned his office in the College. He 
had, however, given such proofs of ability during the 
discharge of his duty as a Professor, that he was after- 
wards invited to return to the College, and to under- 
t,i k<3 the superintendence of it as Principal. In his 
! place was substituted Mr. David Monro, who lmd 
! In -I'll one of the candidates at the late comparative 

ri>f - 

)S " I>hy trinl, and Imd ;icfjiiittrd himself with approbation. 



July 27. 



HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 53 

No new class entered in October this session on October. 

Session 

account of the plague, and it was the beginning of XXII] 
the succeeding year before the other classes returned 
to the College. The plague having then much abated, 
these assembled at length in their usual number, but 
Mr. David Monro had no duty to perform till the en- 
suing session, as there was no Bejan class till then. 1 
Meanwhile, on the 27th of July 1605, the eigh- 

J & 

teenth class, educated by Mr. James Knox, and con- 
sisting of twenty- four students, were graduated in the gr 
usual manner. 2 

Mr. Knox, soon after, having received a call to be 
minister of Kelso, resigned his professorship ; and in 
October, at the opening of the next session, Mr. David October. 

Session 

Monro undertook the charge of a new Bejan class ; XXIV 
Mr. Andrew Young proceeded with the Bachelor ; 
and Mr. James Reid with the Magistrand, which, 
being the nineteenth class, and twenty-eight in num- j^ ^ 
ber, he brought forward to the usual degree, on the 



graduated. 

last day of June 1606. 

In the following vacation, a vacancy having hap- 
pened in the Rectorship of the High School, by the 
resignation of Mr. Alexander Home, Mr. John Ray, 
who had been Professor of Humanity upwards of 
eight years, preferred the former office, and being 
translated thither accordingly, he held it for nearly 

1 On the 3d of April, James Shaw, Candidati e Scholis Edinburgi Philoso- 
student in the highest dass, was ad- phicis hoc Anno 1605, emittendi. Dis- 
mitted Porter of the College. putabuntur die Lunse 4. Kal. Aug. a 

2 The following is the title of the septima matutina in duodecimara, et 
Theses published on this occasion : hora prima pomeridiana iisque ad ves- 
" Theses Philosophicse, quas auspice et peram Edinburgi in ^Ede sacra Regii 
propitio Deo, Praeside Jac. Knoxio, Collegii." They are dedicated to the 
propugnabunt Adolescentes Magisterii Earl of Dunfermline, Chancellor, etc. 



54 H1STOEY OF THE 

twenty-four years. He was esteemed an accomplished 
Latin scholar, and composed some Latin verses upon 
different occasions, which are not inelegant. 1 

Delegates from the College of Justice and the Town- 

Council having met to choose a successor to Mr. Kay, 

Mr. Biase Mr. Blase Colt, son of Mr. Oliver Colt, Advocate, a 

Colt, second 



voun g man wno na( ^ distinguished himself as an ex- 
cellent Greek as well as Latin scholar, and who had 
received the Master's degree in 1603, appeared as a 
candidate, and there being no competitor, he was 
unanimously elected, and was the second Professor of 
Humanity in the University of Edinburgh. 
October. In October, Mr. James Keid began the session with 

Session 

xxv - the new Bejan class, Mr. David Monro having the 
Semi ; and there being no Bachelor class this session, 
Mr. Andrew Young proceeded with the Magistrands 

1607. to the close of their course, and graduated them on 
the 25th of July 1607, being twenty-eight in number. 



In October, at the opening of the new session, Mr. 
xxvT David Monro, for what reason is unknown, resigned 
his office ; and as his students had already passed 
through two years of their course, it was thought 
more proper that Mr. Young, on account of his expe- 
rience, should take the charge of them, and that the 
new Bejan class should be committed to the person 
who should happen to be elected instead of Mr. 
Monro. 

Candidates being invited by program to contend 
for the vacant office, three competitors appeared^ 

1 See them in Hunter and Low's edi- Muses' Welcome, 1617, Robertsoi, 
IKHI of Buchanan'.- iN.iltii.-, Ailam.-n's of Rollock, 1599, < 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 55 

Mr. Matthew Crawford, Mr. James Fairly, and Mr. 
William King. The first had taken the degree in 
1606, and the other two at the last graduation, 
neither of whom were above nineteen years of age, 
but both of distinguished abilities. The judges, after 
the trial, were greatly at a loss which of the two last 
to prefer, and as each of them had an equal number 
of votes, it was agreed to commit the decision to the 
arbitration of Mr. John Nicolson, an accomplished 
scholar, just returned from foreign travel, and he de- 
clared for Mr. James Fairly. 

But the judges, at the same time, having also re- Mr. 

Fairly, the 



commended Mr. King as well qualified to supply the and e Mr nt wii- 

liam Ki "g 

the twen- 



,1 IT f liam Ki "g, 

next vacancy, the patrons soon had an opportunity 01 the twen- 



gratifying him, as well as the other candidate, for, on 
account of the plague, no Bejan class had entered in 
October 1604, and there had been only three Pro- 
fessors of Philosophy since the time of Mr. Adamson's 
resignation in the month of May that year. It there- 
fore became necessary to complete the number of 
Philosophy professors, when a new class was to be 
assembled in October 1608. Accordingly, Mr. Wil- 
liam King was elected before the close of the present 
session, that he might be ready to undertake the 
charge of the next Bejan class in October 1608. In 
the meantime, Mr. James Fairly took the charge of 
the present Bejan class, Mr. James Reid proceeding 
with the Semi, and Mr. Andrew Young with the 
Bachelor, instead of Mr. David Monro. There was ieos 

July. 

no Magistrand class this session, and consequently 
no graduation. 



56 HISTORY OF THE 

Flourishing This year, the state of the College began to flourish 

state of the J 

in an unusual degree. The frequent resignation of 
professors had hitherto been attended with great dis- 
advantage. Men of learning had been discouraged 
from holding those laborious offices long, while the 
provision made for them was so scanty, as scarcely to 
furnish the means of a decent subsistence. But the 
plague had now disappeared, and the country not 
only felt the effects of profound peace, but abounded 
in every kind of plenty. Greater encouragement was 
now held out to men of letters, and the present 
Kegents, Mr. Andrew Young, Mr. James Keid, Mr. 
James Fairly, and Mr. William King, who were men 
of talents and of great industry, were induced to 
remain in office much longer than any of their pre- 
decessors, and having acquired much experience, they 
felt great authority and respect attached to their 
situation. 

Thejmginai When the College was first instituted, it possessed 
very scanty, j^j. a verv ^ r ^ m g re venue, only the Archdeaconry 
of Lothian, consisting of the vicarage and parsonage 
teinds of the kirk of Currie, together with the rents of 
the Provostry of the Collegiate Church, called the 
Kirk of Field, consisting, for the most part, of ground- 
annuals paid from different houses in the town ; also 
the vicarage and parsonage teinds of Kirkurd. 1 The 
first accession obtained was the sum of 3000 pounds 
Scots, contributed by the Town-Council and the Col- 
lege of Justice, which went chiefly to the mainten- 
ance of a Professor of Humanity. Two small addi- 

1 In the Presbytery of Peebles. 



the Kirk- 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 57 

tions were made by James Bannatyne and William 
Couper. 1 

But this year, Mr. Walter Balcanquhal, who had 
been a great promoter of the foundation of the College, 
and Mr. John Hall, who was studious of its prosperity, 
considering that the late pestilence, as well as other 
circumstances, had contributed much to the diminu- 
tion of the city's revenue, and prevented the augmen- 
tation of the College income from that source, and 
knowing that a sum amounting to 8100 pounds, be- 
longing to the Kirk-Session, was in the hands of the Donation by 

+V. TTJ..1, ' 

treasurer unemployed, they obtained the consent of 
the other Ministers of the city, and the Kirk-Session, 
that this money should be employed for the augmen- 
tation of the salaries of the Professors. A contract 
was therefore framed, on the 16th of December this 
year, by which this money was conveyed by the Kirk- 
Session to the Town-Council of Edinburgh, on condi- 
tion that the latter should pay to the College, for 
augmentation of the salaries of the Masters, in all time 
coming, the sum of 1000 marks yearly, and grant to 
the Session that the Ministers, in name thereof, should, 

1 In the year 1589, James Master of pounds yearly out of the teinds of Crail 

Lindsay, having obtained a lease of the in Fife, which belonged to the Priory 

Nunnery of Haddington, for payment of Haddington, for maintaining two 

of a small rent to a titular prioress, bursars in the College. This sum con- 

and thinking proper that this should tinned to be paid for eight or nine 

be applied for the advancement of years, until the Lord Binning, then 

learning, at first assigned the complete Clerk Register, having married his 

profits of the crop 1588 to the Town of daughter into that family, obtained a 

Edinburgh, for the use of the College ; sentence of the Court of Session, by 

which were received accordingly. Af- which that donation made to the Col- 

terwards, about the beginning of the lege of Edinburgh, and another to the 

year 1600, the same worthy person, New College, St. Andrews, were reduced 

the Lord Lindsay of the Byres, by a and annulled. Crawford's History of 

contract with the Town-Council of the University of Edinburgh. 
Edinburgh, agreed to bestow eighty 



58 HISTORY OF THE 

Ministers to for the future, ha ve joint voice with the Town-Council 

have a voice' 



m electing the Principal, Masters, and Regents of the 
College. The Town-Council, farther to show their 
willingness to promote the interest of the College, 
resolved, on their part, after holding a conference 
the TOW" by w ^ the Ministers, to bestow the annual profits arising 
the u pubuc f from the public mortcloths or palls, for the purpose 
also of augmenting the salaries of the Professors ; 
which resolution was ratified on the 22d of February 
1609. 

October ^ n *ke beginning of October, the College having 

xxvn. assembled, Mr. William King undertook the charge 

of the new Bejan class, Mr. James Fairly proceeded 

with the Semi, Mr. James Reid with the Bachelor, 

and Mr. Andrew Young with the Magistrand. 

1609. In consequence of the new donations which have 

February 15. 

been mentioned, the salary of Mr. Henry Chart eris, 
Principal, was by an act of Council augmented from 
400 to 500 pounds ; and whereas the Regents had 
formerly only 200 pounds annually a piece, each of 
the two eldest, Mr. Young and Mr. Reid, now received 
an addition of 100 marks, which made the salary of 
each to be 250 marks. 



The u twe"nt' ^ n ^ e ^ ^ of July, Mr. Young's students, being 



tne twenty-first class, and thirty-three in number, were 
advanced to the Master's degree ; and after the v; na- 
tion he 'entered upon the charge of the new Bejan 
< hiss in the beginning of October, the other Regents 
xxu " proceeding with the other classes in regular order. 
i.;i... On the 22d of June 1610, the ('mineil arerptr,! .t' 

an nU'rr made by the widow of one Alexander Lindsiy. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 59 

in consequence of which they agreed to receive from 
her 3000 marks, and to pay her twelve per cent, per 
annum during her life, and on her death to employ 
2000 marks of that sum for maintaining two bursars. 

On the 28th of Julv, the twenty-second class, under juivm 

J . J The twenty- 

the charge of Mr. James Keid, consisting of twenty- 



six students, received the Master's degree, with the 
usual solemnity, on which occasion, Robert Ker, eldest 
son of Lord Roxburgh, a very young man, went 
through every part of the trials and disputations 
with the other candidates. He died abroad a few 
years after. 

At the opening of a new session in October, Mr. October. 

Session 

Reid, of course, undertook the charge of the Bejan XX1X 
class, but Mr. Andrew Young, who had been afflicted 
for some months with an alarming distemper, was 
obliged to devolve the care of the Semi class upon a 
young man whose name was Mr. Andrew Stevenson, 
and who had been one of his own graduates in 1609. 
As there seemed to be no hope of Mr. Young's re- 
covery, a comparative trial for a successor was publicly 
announced. On the appointed day three candidates i 6 n. 
appeared, Mr. Andrew Stevenson, already mentioned, 
the son of a burgess of Edinburgh; Mr. Robert Burnet, 
son to the Laird of Barns in Tweeddale ; and Mr. James 
Ker, son to the Laird of Linton. They had all been 
lately graduated, and the youthfulness of their ap- 
pearance occasioned a demur, and the affixing of 
fresh programs to invite more competitors, but 
without the desired effect. The trial therefore pro- 
ceeded, and Mr. Stevenson being most approved of by 



60 HISTORY OF THE 

the judges, the patrons elected him, but upon this 
condition, that if Mr. Young should recover his health, 
the newly elected Professor should retire, and suffer the 
other to resume his former station. 1 

Mr. Stevenson had scarcely taken possession of his 
office, when the Professorship of Humanity became 
vacant by the untimely death of Mr. Blase Colt, a 
young man greatly esteemed for his learning and the 
politeness of his manners. Upon this his elder bro- 
Mr. oiiver ther, Mr. Oliver, who had practised as an advocate for 

Colt, third 

severa l years, disliking that profession, offered himself 



as a candidate to succeed his brother, and was unani- 
mously chosen. But he did not continue long in that 
office. Having betaken himself for some time before 
to the study of Divinity, he received a call to be 
minister of Holyroodhouse, and resigned his professor- 
ship in the end of November this year. 2 

On the 27th of the preceding July, Mr. James 
Fairly had brought the twenty-third class, consisting 
of twenty-two students, then under his charge, to the 
Master's degree, in the usual manner ; and in the be- 
ginning of the following October he undertook the 
xxx. n charge of the new Bejan class. Mr. Andrew Young, 
having recovered his health, after a long and severe 
illness, was allowed to resume his charge ; and he 
proceeded with the Bachelor class. Mr. Stevenson 
consequently withdrew, and for some time betook 
himself entirely to private study. 

1 Mr. Robert Burnet will be men- of three years, he died of a hectic 

tioneil altiTw.-inls (see p. 61). Mr. fever in 1617. 

James Ker, a few years after, was * He was soon after translated to tin- 

chosen a Regent in St. Leonard's Col- church of Foulden, in the Merse, where 

lege, St. Andrews, where, after a period he died. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 61 

Soon after the commencement of the session, can 
didates for the vacant Professorship of Humanity 
being invited by means of public programs, Mr. 
Eobert Burnet, formerly mentioned, and Mr. Gal- 
braith, son to a burgess of Edinburgh, were the only 
two who gave in their names. After the trial, the 
judges being at a loss which of the two to prefer, it 
was agreed to decide the affair by lot. Mr. Burnet Mr. Robert 

* Burnet, 

proved successful, and Mr. Galbraith went over to J 1 '"! ^HU 
France, where he obtained a Professorship in one of" 1 
the Colleges of that kingdom. 1 

On the 25th of July, Mr. William King's students, 1012. 
twenty-four in number, making the twenty-fourth ^^J 1 ^' 
class since the foundation, were graduated in the ** 
usual way. 2 After the vacation, at the commence- October. 

J Session 

ment of a new session he returned to the charge of XXXL 
a new Bejan class. 

In July 1613, Charles Shearers, of Dort in Holland, leis. 
conveyed to the Treasurer of the city of Edinburgh 500 Donation. 
marks for the use of the College, reserving the interest 
of that sum to himself and his friends for some time. 

On the 31st of the same month the twenty-fifth jui y si. 
class, now under the charge of Mr. Andrew Young, 
consisting of thirty-one students, received the Master's 
degree. The printed Theses, a pretty large collection, 
are dedicated in elegant Latin to Sir John Maitland, 
Lord Thirlestane, the Chancellor, a man of great in- 
tegrity, ability, and learning. 

1 Ou the 19th of June, Mr. Alexander 2 The Theses on this occasion have 

Douglas being called to be minister at been preserved, and form a large col- 

Whittingham, William Watson, stu- lection contained in a quarto pamphlet, 

dent in the highest class, was chosen under the heads, " Theses Logicse, 

Porter of the College. Physicae, Ethicae, Astronomicae." 



62 HISTORY OF THE 

October. At the opening of a new session in October, Mr. 

Session 

Young returned to the charge of the new class, and 
the other three Professors proceeded with the other 
classes in regular order, 
leu. In May 1614, the College was visited by a Com- 

A Visitation J * tm 

j^thecoi- mittee, consisting of sixteen members 01 the lown- 
Council, five Ministers of the city, and three Advo- 
cates, assessors of the Town. The chief object of 
their meeting was to devise better accommodation for 
the public assemblies of aU the five classes, and the 
students of Divinity. The graduations, for want of 
room in the College, had been for several years per- 
formed either in the Trinity College Church, or in 
that of the Greyfriars. 
July so. On the 30th of July, the twenty-sixth class, under 

The twenty- J J 

graduate^ 8 the cnar g e OI> Mr. George Reid, consisting of twenty- 
eight students, obtained the Master's degree ; and 
October, after the vacation Mr. Reid l>efan another session 

Session 

with a new Bejan class. 
i6i5. On the 22d of July 1615, the Magistrand class, 

Jev*ithT'iL being the twenty-seventh, and consisting of thirty 
five students, under the charge of Mr. James Fairly, 
were graduated in the usual manner. John Stewart, 
afterwards Earl of Traquair, and Great Treasurer of 
Scotland, distinguished himself among the candidates 
on this occasion. 
o,-t It was now Mr. Fairly's turn to take the charge of 

N V u X fM,i,nr the Bejan class on the opening of the session in ( )<-to- 
Iter; and on the 27th of December in the same year. 



the ToWntCoUllcil resolved, ill eonse<|nel)ee of tin- 
report of the late visitors, that a eonmion hall and 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 63 

room for a Library should be built, and they allotted 
the sum of 3000 marks for that purpose, 1 The work 
was soon after begun and carried on with great in- 
dustry. The building still remains, and consists of 
an upper and under hall ; the former of which is the 
Public Library, and the latter was, for many years, 
used as the common hall, where public discourses 
were delivered and degrees conferred. It extends 
from north to south, within the first quadrangle of 
the new fabric, for more than 100 feet, its north-west 
corner touching the south-east one of the new Chemi- 
cal Laboratory. 2 

On the 27th of July, the twenty-eighth class, i6i. 
twenty-eight in number, under the charge of Mr. 



William King, obtained the usual degree. On this ^ 
occasion, John Campbell, afterwards Earl of Loudon, 
and Chancellor of Scotland, was distinguished in the dis- 
putation, both in defending and impugning the Theses. 3 

At the beginning of the thirty-fifth session, Mr. f ^];^ 
William King had the charge of the new Bejan class, xxxv 
Mr. James Fairly proceeded with the Semi, Mr. James 
Eeid with the Bachelor, and Mr. Andrew Young with 
the Magistrand. 

The year 1617 is famous in the annals of the Col- 1017. 
lege of Edinburgh. The King, after an absence of 
fourteen years, resolved to visit his native kingdom, 
and at his arrival in Edinburgh on the 16th of May, Mayie. 



1 Town-Council Records, vol. xii. CHRISTO ET Musis EXTRUENDAS CURA- 

2 The inscription over the gate of RUNT. ANNO DOMINI M.DC.XVII." 

the Common Hall fronting the west, s See, about establishing parish 

is somewhat sing\ilar : " SENATUS Po- schools, December 10, 1616, Chalmers's 

EDINBURGENSIS HAS ^EDES Life of Rnddiman, p. 18. 



64 HISTORY OF THE 

he was received with great demonstrations of loyalty 
and affection by the Magistrates and Town- Council, 
and the principal citizens. 1 While he remained there, 
he discovered a great desire to be present at a philo- 
sophical disputation in the College, not only to give 
evidence of his passion for learning, but to show his 
own proficiency in it. But he was so much employed 
in the administration of public affairs, that he was not 
able, while in Edinburgh, to accomplish his purpose. 
He therefore commanded the Professors to attend him 
in the Castle of Stirling on the 19th of the ensuing 
July, where he intended to be on his return from a 
progress he was to make through several of the towns 
of the kingdom. 

Meanwhile, the meeting of Parliament and other 

solemnities on account of the presence of the Bang, 

occasioned such a bustle in the city, that it was 

thought proper to indulge the students with a longer 

vacation than usual. For that reason the twenty- 

June 29. ninth class, under the charge of Mr. Andrew Young, 

ninth cia 83 wa s graduated on the 29th of June. It consisted of 

graduated. 

forty-six students, the greatest number of graduates 
at one act of laureation known in Scotland. 

^ ^ ne ^ me appoiflted the Professors repaired to 
before Stirling Castle, and there, in the Chapel-Royal, about 



five o'clock in the evening, in presence of the King 
and many of the nobility and learned men of both 
kingdoms, commenced a disputation which lasted for 
three hours. Nothing could have been more agree- 
able to the King's taste than such a pedant ic exhi- 

i Adamson's Muses' Welcome to King James, p. 39 ; Maitland's History of 
Edinburgh, p. 58. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 65 

bition. He not only sat with great patience during 
the whole time, but was highly delighted with the 
performance. 

Mr. Henry Charteris, Principal of the College, being 
a man of great modesty, though of profound learning, 
was averse to taking any share in the debate on such 
a public occasion. He therefore prevailed with Mr. 
John Adamson,. who had formerly been one of the 
professors of philosophy, but was then minister of 
Liberton, to preside in his place. Mr. James Fairly, 
one of the Eegents, was pitched upon to draw up and 
defend the Theses ; Mr. Patrick Sands, formerly a Re- 
gent, Mr. Andrew Young, Mr. James Reid, and Mr. Wil- 
liam King, at that time the remaining three Regents 
or professors of philosophy, were appointed to impugn. 

These Theses have been preserved in " The Muses 
Welcome to King James," 1 a book published by 
Mr. John Adamson, who presided at the Disputa- 

i The full title of the book is : " TA Latin Poetry still makes the principal 
TfiN MOTSfiN EI20AIA : The Muses figure, but not in quite so good a taste 
Welcome to the High and Mighty as had been discovered by Buchanan. 
Prince JAMES, by the Grace of God, The book is dedicated to the King by 
King of Great Britaine, France, and John Adamson the editor. The Theses 
Ireland, Defender of the Faith, etc. are entitled : " Theses Philosophic^, 
At his Majesties happie Returne to his quas ad devotissimum obsequium test- 
olde and native Kingdome of Scotland, andum Jacobo Magnae Britannia?, Fran, 
after 14. yeeres absence, in anno 1617. et Hib. invictissimo, potentissimoque 
Imprinted at Edinburgh by Thomas Fin- Monarcha?, eidemque omnium totius 
lason, Printer to his most excellent Ma- orbis Regum philosopho excellentis- 
jestie, 1618." It contains the speeches simo proponunt Phil. Professores in 
and other addresses presented to the Academia Edinburgena, coram dispu- 
King at the different towns and places tandas, A.D. xix. Julii, Sterlini." There 
where he stopped in his progress is added at the conclusion : " Dispu- 
through Scotland ; and from p. 221 to tatae sunt in Capella Regia ab hora 
p. 237, are to be found the above men- quinta vespertina in octavam sine Regis 
tioned Theses, with an account of fastidio. Prsesidebat Joannes Adam- 
several of the particulars attending the souus. Respondebat Jacobus Fair- 
Disputation. The whole exhibits a laexis. Opponebant Patricius Sandaeus, 
striking picture of the literary attain- Andreas Junius, Jacobus Reidus, et 
ments of the Scots at that period. Gulielmus Regius, Philos. Prof." The 



66 HISTORY OF THE 

tion, and form a very curious specimen of the sub- 
jects of philosophic debate in those days. The 
topics selected from the rest, were such as, it was 
judged, would be most acceptable to the King and 
the rest of the audience. The first thing insisted on 
was, That Sheriff's and other inferior Magistrates 
ought not to be hereditary. 1 This was opposed by 
Mr. Sands with many apposite arguments, to which, 
however, such satisfactory answers were given, that 
the King, though he himself had for some time sup- 
ported Mr. Sands, while the defender still directed all 
the answers to the latter, was so well pleased, that 
turning to the Marquis of Hamilton, heritable Sheriff 
of Clydesdale, who was standing behind his chair, 
" James," said he, " you see your cause is lost, and all 
that can be said for it distinctly answered and refuted." 

The next topic insisted on was the nature of Local 
Motion, which Mr. Young illustrated by many argu- 
ments from the text of Aristotle. Upon which the 
King, addressing himself to certain English Doctors 
who attended him, observed that these men were as 
well acquainted with the meaning of Aristotle as he 
was himself when alive. 

Mr. Keid disputed next upon the Origin of Foun- 
tains, and the King was so much entertained with 
the last argument which was used, that he desired to 

introductory speeches of the Pneses, and "l.Licetsupremus Magistral us onmi no 

the other disputants are also preservrd, immobilis ct immutabilis sit ; cxpi-ilit 

and contain abundance of adulation to tamen, ut inferiores Magistratus aut ad 

his learned Majesty. ti-mpus duntaxat detinitum pnr>int, 

1 It forms the fourth head, as follows aut pnnlniti;r f'onnatoris et servatoris 

"Primus Motor simpliciter immobilis ReijniMic :r rrlin<|iiai)tur. 

esl et immutabilis : cceteri Motorea a "2. Inferiores igitur Magistratus non 

Primo pendent, et reguntur omnes. di-U-nt .-sst- h;i ivditarii." 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 67 

hear more upon the subject, even after the three- 
quarters of an hour, the time allotted, were elapsed. 
The King himself occasionally interfered in the debate, 
sometimes joining the impugner and sometimes the 
defender ; expressing himself in elegant Latin, and 
showing great acquaintance with the arcana of Philo- 
sophy. 

Mr. King, in the last place, held a dissertation de 
Spontaneo et Invito. Upon which subject, as well as 
on all the rest, the King himself took notice of every 
argument and answer, with much intelligence, and in 
good expression. 

When the Disputation was concluded, his Majesty 
went to supper, and, after a little time, commanded 
the Professors to be introduced, and he conversed with 
them in a very learned manner on all the subjects which 
had been handled in the Disputation. His Majesty 
then condescended to indulge himself in pleasant 
allusions to the names of the actors ; thus exercising 
a humble species of witticism altogether inconsistent 
with the principles of good taste. " Methinks," said 
he, " these gentlemen, by their very names, have been 
destined for the parts which they have performed to- 
day. Adam was the first father of all, and therefore, 
very fitly, Adamson had the first part in this act. 
The defender is justly called Fairly : his Theses 
had some fairlies ; 1 and he sustained them very 
fairly, and with many/aiV lies given to his opponents. 
And why should not Mr. Sands be the first to enter 
the sands ? But now I clearly see that all sands are 

1 Afairlie in the Scots dialect signifies a wonder. 



68 HISTORY OF THE 

not barren, for certainly he hath shown a fertile wit. 
Mr. Young is very old in Aristotle ; and Mr. Reid 1 
need not be red with blushing for his manner of 
acting to-day. Mr. King disputed very kingly, and 
of a kingly purpose, concerning the- royal supremacy 
of reason over anger and all passions. I am so well 
satisfied/' continued his Majesty, " with this day's 
exercise, that I will be god -father to the College of 
Edinburgh, and have it called THE COLLEGE OF KING 
JAMES ; for, after the foundation of it had been 
stopped for several years in my minority, as soon as 
I came to any knowledge, I zealously held hand to it, 
and caused it to be established. And, although many 
look upon it with an evil eye, yet I will have them to 
know that, having given it this name, I have espoused 
its quarrel." One of the attendants hinted to his 
Majesty that there was one of the company of whom 
he had taken no notice, Mr. Henry Charteris, Prin- 
cipal of the College, who sat, during the Disputation, 
on the President's right hand, and who was a man 
of profound and universal learning, though not for- 
ward to speak in so august an assembly. " Well," 
said his Majesty, "his name agree th very well with 
his nature, for charters contain much matter, yet say 
nothing, but put great purposes in men's mouths." 

The witty allusions thus made by the King to the 
names of the disputants being much applauded by 
those who stood by his chair, htis Majesty signified his 
<l-sire that they should be expressed in verse, in 
which he not only took much delight, but could 

1 Pronounced Red in the Scots way. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 69 

himself make verses with great readiness. Various 
attempts were accordingly made to versify them, both 
in English and in Latin ; and some of these pro- 
ductions were afterwards printed. 1 

One of the English Doctors having expressed a 
wonder at the King's fluency and elegance in the 
speaking of Latin, " All the world," said his Majesty, 
" knew that my preceptor, George Buchanan, was a 
great master in that faculty. I follow his pronuncia- 
tion both of the Latin and Greek, and am sorry that 
my people of England do not the like, for certainly 
their pronunciation utterly spoileth the grace of these 
two learned languages ; but ye see that all the learned 
men of Scotland express the true and native pro- 
nunciation of both." 2 

The King continued his discourse on the subjects of 

i See the " Muses Welcome," ubi id a te dictum non iuficior : milii tameu 

supra. As it is almost impossible to hoc quicquid est nominis argumento 

translate puns into a different language, potius esse debet, quo minus in Arenam 

three different attempts to express these tarn nobilem me temere protrudam. 

in Latin, selected from a great many Quid enim in philosophicis opera pretii 

others, have, as may be supposed, all prastare poterunt, coram Rege omnium 

failed. The following is the English, 4>t\o<To0ajrara;, steriles, mihi nomen, 

or rather Scottish version of them : Arence '( conaborue ego soli lumen, aut 

" As A dam was the first of men, > coelo sidera inferre ?" P. 226. The 

whence all beginning tak, j writings of Shakspere, that transcen- 

So Adamson was president, | dent genius in other respects, who died 

and first man in this Act," etc. J this very year, and, as well as Bacon, 

See the " Muses Welcome," p. 231. reflects ineffable lustre on this period, 

But we must not suppose that a taste abound in -this species of witticism, 

for such wretched witticisms was pecu- and show that it was then the prevail, 

liar to James. It was the fashion of ing taste also in England. 

the times ; and the disputants them- ^ T 

., TT- 4.1 "Now it is room enough, and Rome 
selves had even given the King the 

hint ; for the Prases concluded his in- 
troductory speech in these word's: See "Julius Caesar," and innumerable 
" Tu qui ab arenis nomen habes, Patrici other instances. 

Sandaee, primus in Arenam descendito." 2 His Majesty's partiality has carried 

To which Mr. Sands answered: "Quod him somewhat too far here; though 

ab arenis nomen habeam, dignissime something might be said in favour of 

Prases, ideone me primum in Arenam his opinion. The Scots pronunciation 

haiic vocas ? lepide quidem, et argute is certainly much better understood 



70 HISTORY OF THE 

the disputation till ten at night ; again expressed great 
satisfaction with the entertainment he had received ; 
and promised that, as he had given the College of 
Edinburgh a name, he would also in due time give it 
a Koyal God-bairn gift for enlarging its patrimony. 
He took occasion, from the subjects which had been 
handled that day, to speak on many points of philo- 
sophy with such subtilty and skill as very much sur- 
prised the learned hearers. 1 

Having taken his departure from Stirling he arrived 
at Glasgow on the 22d of July, where a deputation of 
the Town-Council of Edinburgh was directed to wait 
on him, and to offer him the thanks of the town for 
his great attention bestowed upon their College. Two 
days after, when at Paisley, he sent the following letter 
to the Town-Council : 

" JAMES R- Trusty and well beloved, We greet you 
well. Being sufficiently persuaded of the good begin- 
ning and progress which you have made in repairing 
and building of your College ; and of your commend- 
able resolution instantly to proceed and persist there- 
in, till the same shall be perfectly finished ; for your 
better encouragement in a work so universally bene- 
ficial for our subjects, and of such ornament and 
reputation for our City in particular, We have thought 



abroad than the English ; but that the licori Doron, particularly the two last 

latter spoiletk the grace of the learned hooks ; the True Law of Free Mon- 

tongue* will not be so readily allowed. archies ; his Answer to Cardinal Per- 

1 "That James w as but a middling run; and almost all his speeches :md 

writer rnay be allowed ; that he was a messages to Parliament, \\ill confess 

conteinjitildf <>ne can by no means l.e him to li;ivc possessed no mean genius." 

admitted. Whoever will read hi.s JJ.i. i Hume'.- Appendix to James tin- Fust. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 7l 

good, not only to declare our special approbation 
thereof, but likewise, as we gave the first being and 
beginning thereunto, so we have thought it worthy to 
be honoured with our name of our own imposition ; 
and the rather because of the late care, which we 
received of the good worth and sufficiency of the 
Masters thereof, at their being with us at Stirling : 
in which regard, these are to desire you to order the 
said College to be called in all time hereafter by the 
name of KING JAMES'S COLLEGE, which we intend for 
a special mark and badge of our favour toward the 
same. So, doubting not but you will accordingly 
accept thereof, We bid you heartily farewell. From 
our Court at Paisley, the 25th of July 1617." 

About the beginning of October the Professors October. 

Session 

returned to their usual employment. Mr. Andrew 
Young undertook the charge of a new Bejan class, 
while Mr. William King earned forward the Semi, 
Mr. James Fairly, the Bachelor, and Mr. James Eeid, 
the Magistrand. 

On the 4th of March this year, the sum of 200 
marks had been received by the Treasurer, being a 
legacy bequeathed to the College by the late David 
Alexander, merchant; and on the 30th of December 
the following year, Hugh Wright, also a merchant, de- 
livered to the Treasurer 1000 marks, to receive an 
annuity during his own life, which was afterwards to 
form part of a salary for a Professor of Divinity. 

Mr. James Keid's students, thirty-four in number, 
and forming the thirtieth class, were graduated on the 



72 HISTORY OF THE 

i6i8. 25th of July 1618. In the title of the Theses, which 

July 25. 

cia e ss^du h were published on this occasion, the College begins to 
take the name of ACADEMIA JACOBI KEGis. 1 



1619 
r 

first Class 



October the meeting of the thirty -seventh session in 

xxxvii. October, Mr. Keid began the new Bejan class ; and on 
the 24th of July 1619, the Magistrand, under the 
charge of Mr. Fairly, received the degree in the usual 

J 

graduated. manne r, being the thirty-first class, consisting of thirty- 
three students. 

This year abounded in donations to the College. 
January 15th : Alexander Stobo, a messenger, be- 
queathed 300 marks for increasing the stock for a 
salary to a Professor of Divinity. May 28th : a 
legacy of 1000 marks for maintaining bursars, 2 by 
Archibald Johnston, was delivered to the Treasurer 
by Samuel Johnston the donor's son. June 2d : Sir 
William Nisbet of Dean, Lord Provost, paid to the 
Treasurer 1000 pounds for the Professor of Divinity's 
stipend. On the 25th of the same month, 100 marks 
were received as a legacy by William Justice, being a 
contribution to the College building. And on the 
21st of July, James Young and Barbara Robertson, 
his wife, allotted 100 marks as part of a fund for the 
support of bursars. 

October. The College as usual having assembled in October 

xxx via after the vacation, the charge of the Bejan class de- 

volved on Mr. Fairly, while Mr. Reid proceeded with 

1 " Theses Philosophies*, quas Dei cum laurea emitteixli. Pra-sidc' Jacobo 

Opt. Max. ductu, et auspiciis, ad diem 6 Reido. Edinburgi, cxcudebat Amlmis 

Kal. Augusti, Edinburgi, in Jb\e sacra Hart. Anno 1618." 4to. 
Regii Collegii, propugnabunt Adole- 

s< vnU's Magisterii Candidati, ex ACA- * Bursars, or poor students, as in 

DKMIA JACOBI REGIS; hoc anno 1618, Cra\um.r> History. 






UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 73 

the Semi, Mr. Young with the Bachelor, and Mr. King 
with the Magistrand, till the 22d of July 1620, when 1620 . 
this last class, being the thirty-second, and consisting ^J^J 
of thirty-five students, received the degree. On this graduated - 
occasion Patrick Hume of Polwarth particularly dis- 
tinguished himself both in defending and impugning 
the Theses. 

During this year a new and remarkable arrangement 
was made in the College. Mr. Patrick Sands, after college. 
holding a Professorship of Philosophy for eight years, 
had resigned that office and gone abroad with Lord 
Newbattle, son of the Earl of Lothian. On his return 
he had been advised to engage in the study and prac- 
tice of the law; but as he did not succeed according to 
his expectation in this profession, David Akinhead, 
whose sister he had married, being Dean of Guild, and 
having great influence in the Town-Council, set on 
foot a scheme for having him made Primar or Principal 
of the College. Towards the conclusion of the year 
1618, Mr. Henry Charteris, who had only 500 pounds 
of salary, applied for an augmentation equal to the 
stipend of the ministers. The Dean of Guild admitted 
the reasonableness of his request, but, pretending that 
the revenue of the College was not sufficient for en- 
abling the patrons to comply with his demand, he 
advised him to take the first opportunity of accepting 
of a call to be minister of any vacant parish. This 
learned and worthy man readily comprehended the 
hint, and immediately resolved to retire from the 
office of Principal, in hopes of finding some other 
station where the merit of his services would be better 
understood by his constituents. He was prevailed on, 



74 HISTORY OF THE 

however, by the professors, who had the highest re- 
spect for his talents and character, to preside over 
them for a year longer. But having received a call to 
Mr. Henry be minister of North Leith, he at last resigned Ins 

Charteris & 

charge on the 20th of March 1620. 

The office of An opportunity was thus furnished for executing 
tne scheme of accommodation in favour of Mr. Sands. 



The charge of Principal or Primar of the College, and 
Professor of Divinity, which had been hitherto united, 
Mr. Andrew was now divided. Mr. Andrew Ramsay, one of the 
p^5^ or of ministers of the city, was elected by the Town-Council 
Reetoronhe and the other ministers to be public Professor of 

College. 

Divinity, and also to be Rector of the College for the 

ensuing year, this last office being considered only as 

The two annual. At the same time, the two senior Regents, 

So p?3te- -^ r - Andrew Young, and Mr. James Reid, were created 



public Professors, the former of the Mathematics, and 



f the Metaphysics ; and Mr. Patrick Sands 



Patrick 
nd 



ma n r d orprin- was elected Primar or Principal, during the pleasure 
of the Town-Council. 1 And notwithstanding the pre- 



arranged. 

tence of the scantiness of the College revenue formerly 
held out to the late Principal, Mr. Ramsay, as Pro- 
fessor of Divinity, had an appointment of 500 pounds; 
Mr. Sands, 1000 marks, with 100 pounds for lumsr 
rent ; and the two senior Regents, the additional sum 
each of 250 marks, which was i-qual to their fornin 
salaries as ordinary Regents. The salaries also of the 
two junior Regents, Mr. James Fairly and Mr. William 
King, were augmented from 150 marks to LT.O marks 
each. A committee was appointed by the To \\n- 
(' iincil, the 22d of March, to receive the Library 

1 Town-Council Records, vol. xiii. March uo. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 75 

from Mr. Henry Charteris, which was still kept in a The charge of 

J the Library 

private chamber, and to deliver it to the charge of the SSfJJJ" 
new Principal ; and that Mr. Charteris might not 
appear to be altogether neglected, a gratuity of 1000 
marks was bestowed upon him for his long and faith- 
ful services. 1 

This year Mr. William Eig senior, contributed to 
the College for the support of a Professor of Divinity 
the sum of 625 marks, which was received by the 
Treasurer on the 23d of August. 

At the opening of the College in October, after the 1620. 

October. 

vacation, Mr. William King commenced the session Jxxix. 
with the charge of the new Bejan class, the other three 
Regents proceeding with the other classes in the 
usual order. 

On the 23d of January, the City Treasurer received 1621. 

January 23. 

a legacy of 1000 marks, bequeathed by Thomas Spear Donations. 
for the support of a Professor of Divinity ; and on the 
20th of April, Sir William Nisbet of Dean, having 
added a year's interest to his former donation of 1000 
pounds, which made the principal sum 1100 pounds, 
stipulated with the Town-Council that an annuity of 
100 pounds should be paid as part of a stipend also 
for a Professor of Divinity. 

Mr. Andrew Young brought the students of the Ju i y i4. 
Ma on strand class to the Master's degree on the 14th thSdciafs 

graduated. 

of July 1621, somewhat earlier than the usual period, 
on account of the meeting of that Parliament which 
was long known among the people by the appellation 
of the Black Parliament, because in it were ratified 

1 Town-Council Records, vol. xiii. March 22. 



76 HISTORY OF THE 

the five obnoxious Articles adopted in the year 1618 
by the Perth Assembly, favourable to the Episcopal 
hierarchy, which James had it so much at heart to 
establish, upon the model of the Church of England. 
The gratitude, however, of the College of Edinburgh 
w^as due to this very Parliament. For, having met on 
the 4th of August, it passed an act wherein the differ- 
ent grants made by his Majesty to the Provost, Magis- 
trates, Corporation and Community of the city of 
Edinburgh are particularly stated and ratified ; which 
ratification is declared to be " as valid, effectual, and 
sufficient in all respects as if the foresaid infeftments 
of the dates respective above written, were at length 
and word by word engrossed in this present Act/' 
Likewise, " for the farther encouragement " of the said 
Provost, Bailies, Council, and Community of Edin- 
burgh, " in repairing and re-edifying of the said Col- 
lege, and placing therein sufficient professors for 
teaching of all liberal sciences, ordains the said College 
in all time to come to be called King James's CoDege ; 
and also, with advice of the said Estates of Parliament, 
his Majesty has of new again given, granted, and dis- 
poned to them and their successors, in favour of tin- 
said burgh of Edinburgh, patrons of the said College, 
and of the Rector, Eegents, bursars, and students 
within the same, all liberties, freedoms, immunities, 
and privileges appertaining to a free College, and that 
in as ample form and large manner as any College Jm* 
or bruiks within his Majesty's realm." 1 

At the commencement of a new session it was Mr. 

1 Acts of the Parliament of Scotlaud. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 77 

Young's turn to besrin the Beian class, the three other October. 

C ^ . Session XL. 

Professors conducting the others in the usual order. 

This session, a legacy by John Lawtie, apothecary, 1022. 
of 100 pounds, was delivered to the Treasurer on the Donations - 
22d of July 1622. On the 27th of the same month, Juiy27. 

* The thirty- 

Mr. James Keid advanced his class, being the thirty- ^duaSd 88 
fourth, and consisting of thirty-six students, to the 
Master's degree, with the usual solemnity. 

Mr. Patrick Sands, Principal, having given small Mr. sands 

resigns the 



satisfaction in the government of the College, resigned 
that charge on the 7th of August into the hands of 
David Akinhead, then Provost of the city, and re- 
ceived a gratuity of 1000 marks. 1 On the 30th of 
the same month, Mr. Eobert Balcanquhal, minister of 
Tranent, gave security for the principal sum of 1000 
marks, bequeathed to the College for the support of a 
Professor of Divinity, by the late Mr. Walter Balcan- 
quhal his father, who had been a great promoter of the 
prosperity of the College from its foundation to the 
time of his death. At the same time he paid the 
arrears of interest due upon that sum. The same 
year a legacy of 300 marks, bequeathed for the same 
use by John Mason, merchant, was delivered to the 
Treasurer by Isobel Brown, his widow. 

Soon after the commencement of a new session, October. 
when Mr. James Eeid had undertaken the charge of x- 
the Bejan class, and the other three Eegents were pro- 
ceeding with the other classes in the usual order, the 
Town-Council appointed the Provost and Bailies, 
with some of the ministers, to inquire at Mr. Eobert 

1 Town-Council Records, vol. xiii. August 7. 



78 HISTORY OF THE 

Boyd of Trochrig, Principal of the College of Glas- 
gow, on what conditions he would accept of the same 
office in the College of' Edinburgh. 1 In consequence 
of this he was chosen Principal, and also one of the 
October is. eight ministers of Edinburgh, on the 18th of October, 

Mr. Rol.iTt f . 

JSei^r 111 with 1200 marks of stipend and 200 marks as house 
rent. But he resigned the office on the 31st of Jan- 
uary 1623, for what reason does not appear, after 
holding it for a few months. 
16-23. On the 26th of July, the thirty-fifth class, under the 

imh ci-iS '" cnar g e of Mr. James Fairly, consisting of thirty stu- 
dents, received the Master's degree. Mr. Andrew 
Young, the senior Eegent, and public Professor of the 
Mathematics, performed the ceremony of graduation, 
as the office of Principal was vacant by the resignation 
of Mr. Boyd. 

Death of Mr. This was Mr. Young's last public appearance. He 
died very soon after, being about forty five years of 
age. He had been a Professor of Philosophy in Aber- 



deen two years, and twenty-two in the College of 
Edinburgh, where he had received his education. He 
was distinguished as a very diligent and successful 
teacher, his lectures and dictates being very perspi- 
cuous, and at the same time, concise and comprehen- 
sive. He was said also to be a remarkably el(\u-;mt 
classical scholar, and very well acquainted with the 
trxt of Aristotle, but to have had a great disgust ;it 
the wrangling of the scholastic philosophers. 2 



Records, vol. xiii. acquired considerable wealth, he had 

October i'tli and loth. :in only daughter, wlm was married 

hi-> \\ife Barbara I'.rown, a very to Sir Miehael Nasmylh of 

frugal woman, by whu.M- a>-i -tanef he Tweeddale. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 79 

Mr. Andrew Stevenson, Professor of Humanity, 1 who 
had formerly been elected his successor during his first 

Humanity, 

illness, was, alter the space of twelve years, substituted 
in his place the second time. 

The offices of Professor of Humanity and of Prin- 
cipal being now both vacant, a comparative trial was 
held for supplying the former. Four competitors 
appeared, Mr. William Hog, Mr. David Will, Mr. 
George Hannay, and Mr. Samuel Eutherford : and the Mr. s 

J ' Rutherford, 



last, after some hesitation, was preferred by the judges, 
and elected sixth Professor of Humanity. 

At the opening of the forty-second session, Mr. eT 
James Fairly undertook the charge of the Bejan class, 8 xuT 
while Mr. James Eeid proceeded with the Semi, Mr. 
Andrew Stevenson with the Bachelor, and Mr. William 
King with the Magistrand. 

Meanwhile, the Town-Council, the Ministers and 
Professors, were unanimously of opinion that Mr. John 
Adam son would be the most proper person to preside 
over the College. He had formerly held the office of 
one of the Eegents during seven years with great re- 
putation, and was afterwards minister of North Ber- 
wick, from whence he was translated to Liberton. It 
was while he officiated in this last charge that he had 
the honour to preside in the disputation held at Stir- 
ling Castle before the King, in the year 1 6 1 7, in place 
of Mr. Henry Charteris, who declined that public 
appearance. He was accordingly chosen Principal on Nov 2 i 
the 21st of November, and remained longer in fchat Ad Mon 

fifth Prin- 

1 Mr. Robert Burnet had been elected office, or at what particular time Mr. 
fourth Professor of Humanity in the Andrew Stevenson succeeded him, I have 
year 1611, but how long he held the not been able to ascertain. 



80 HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 

situation than any person who enjoyed the office, 
except the late Dr. William Eobertson. His annual 
salary was 1200 marks, with 200 marks as house rent. 
Donations. On the 1 Oth of December, William Dick, merchant, 
delivered to the City Treasurer 300 marks, being a 
donation to the College by Margaret Stewart his 
mother; and on the 16th of January 1624, the Trea- 
surer received also 500 marks, a legacy of James 
Ainslie, towards maintaining a Professor of Divinity. 
1624. On the 25th of July, the thirty-sixth class, under 

July 25. 

SthciSs -M- 1 *- William King, in number twenty-seven, received 

the Master's degree with the usual solemnity. 

October. After the commencement of a new session in Octo- 

XLIII. b er ^ ]y[ rt King having the charge of the Bejan class, 

and the other professors proceeding as usual in their 

order with the other classes, towards the close of this 

year and beginning of the next, some apprehended 

appearance of the plague dispersed for a few days 

both the Court of Justice and the College ; and though 

the alarm proved to be without foundation, yet the 

classes, especially the lowest, on this account lost a 

considerable number of students. 

less. During this session, on the 2 7th of March 1625, died 

March 27. 

J ames tne Sixth of Scotland and First of Great Britain ; 
a prince to whom the University of Edinburgh is in- 
debted for its original institution, and for the unre- 
mitted attention with which he protected and cherished 
it in its infant state ; and to whom the Lord Provost, 
Magistrates, and Council of Edinburgh owe a most 
important and honourable patronage, such as no other 
corporation in Great Britain can boast. 



CHAPTEE III. 

FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE REIGN OF CHARLES I. TO THE 
RESTORATION OF CHARLES II. 

THE accession of Charles, the only surviving son of 
the late King, made no immediate change upon the 
affairs of Scotland ; and the University of Edinburgh 
being in a nourishing condition, education proceeded 
there in the same manner which had been practised 
for many years. 

On the 23d of July 1625, the thirty-seventh class, 
under the care of Mr. Andrew Stevenson, but which 

Class gradu- 

had been instructed the two first years of the course ated - 
by Mr. Andrew Young, were graduated in the usual 
manner, being thirty-six in number. The Theses, 
printed by the heirs of Andrew Hart, were dedicated 
to the celebrated Thomas Hope of Craighall, a great 
promoter of the prosperity of the College, and who, 
about this time, was appointed King's Advocate. 

During the vacation, Mr. James Fairly, who had J: r f y a 8 
been one of the Professors of Philosophy for seventeen S\, a r n a da 

,,,.. r T i successor 

years, having accepted of a call to be minister ot Leith, announced, 
resigned his academical charge. A comparative trial 
being announced, in the usual manner, for the election 
of a new Kegent, eight candidates appeared, namely, Eight 
Mr. Patrick Panter, Mr. Thomas Crawford, Mr. John 



HISTORY OF THE 

Brown, Mr. George Harm ay, Mr. Robert Eankin, Mr. 
Alexander Hepburn, Mr. John Armour, and Mr. Samuel 
Fraser, the first two having received their degree at 
St. Andrews, and the other six at Edinburgh. The 
particulars of this trial have been preserved by Mr. 
Thomas Crawford, who, though one of the unsuccess- 
ful candidates on this occasion, afterwards became one 
of the greatest ornaments of the University. 

^ e J U( % es appointed by the Town- Council, besides 
the ministers of the city, were Mr. Alexander Morison, 1 
and Mr. Alexander Peirson, advocates, and assessors 
to the Magistrates, Mr. Patrick Sands, late Principal, 
and John Gelly, doctor of medicine. 

^ n6 subjects of the trial were distributed by lot, and 
were obtained as follows : The 1st, De Quanta, by 
Mr. Brown ; the 2d, being chap. I. De Demonstration'. 
by Mr. Rankin ; the 3d, being the last chapter of the 
same, by Mr. Armour ; the 4th, being the chapter of 
book n. of the Ethics, De Affectibus ; the 5th, viz., 
the last chapter of the first book of Acroasis dc 
Materia Prima, by Mr. Crawford ; the 6th, viz., the 
second chapter of book I. De Ccelo, by Mr. Fraser ; the 
7th, being chap. ii. book I. De Ortu ; the last, viz. 
De Facultatibus Animce, by Mr. Panter. 
J*J of These subjects were prescribed on a Saturday at 
eleven o'clock to be discussed by the candidates on the 
ensuing Monday, the time of three quarters of an hour 
Ix-iiig allowed to each. On Monday the trial com- 
menced at eight o'clock in the morning, and continued 
till near seven . in the evening, the one half of the 

1 Aft(i\\ai.l> J,<>nl I'rcstongrange, and Rector of t lie rnivi-rsity. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 83 

candidates discoursing in the forenoon, and the other 
in the afternoon, before a very numerous audience. 
The next day, in the afternoon, Mr. Brown defended 
his thesis De Quanta, against the other seven candi- 
dates, half an hour each, the dispute having been opened 
by the Principal. The following days, the rest, suc- 
ceeding in their order, disputed in the same manner, 
excepting Mr. Samuel Fraser, who declined the con- 
test after the first day's debate. 

At the close of the trial the judges selected two of opinion of 
the number as particularly well qualified, but recom- thejud 
mended Mr. Patrick Panter 1 as the best. But David 
Aikenhead, Lord Provost, and Mr. John Hay, town- 
clerk, having a particular predilection for Mr. Kobert 
Kankin, who was the son of a burgess of Edinburgh, 
and allowed to be a young man of great ability, and 
who had studied two years in the University of Cam- 
bridge, their interest in the Council had gained over a 
great party to support their views. 

On putting the vote, the Bailies, Dean of Guild, Mr. Robert 

. -. . 

Treasurer, and principal Councillors, who were 
under influence, supported the recommendation of the 

* * 



Rankin 



Philosophy. 

judges, but a majority following the Provost, the elec- 
tion was made in favour of Mr. Kobert Kankin. Many 
of the most respectable members of the Council were 

1 Mr. Patrick Panter was a native of parson of Oldhamstocks, were after- 

Dundee, and became Professor of Di- terwards Regents in the College of 

vinity at St. Andrews ; Mr. George Edinburgh. Mr. John Armour the son 

Hannay, who was son to a burgess of of a burgess, was soon after chosen 

Canongate, was afterwards minister of Professor of Humanity in the same 

Torphichen ; Mr. John Brown, who was University, and afterwards of Philo- 

son of Mr. William Brown, Clerk of sophy at St. Andrews. Crawford's 

Exchequer, and Mr. Alexander Hep*- History of the University of Edinburgh. 
burn, son of Mr. Thomas Hepburn, 



84 HISTORY OF THE 

much offended with the decision, and complained, with 
reason, that contrary to the fair mode of proceeding at 
all former elections, the opinion of the judges had not 
been followed. Mr. Kankin was installed next day, 
being the 1 8th of November. 

1625. At the commencement of the forty-fourth Session in 
sessW October, Mr. Stevenson having undertaken the charge 
of the new Bejan class, Mr. King proceeded with the 
Semi, Mr. Fairly with the Bachelor, and Mr. Keid 
with the Magistrand. Towards the end of November, 
Mr. Kankin, the new professor, succeeded to Mr. 
Mr. samuei Fairly's charge ; about which time Mr. Samuel Kuther- 
^ or( ^ professor of Humanity, having incurred some 
scandal on account of an irregular marriage, found it 
prudent to resign his office. 

On this occasion it was apprehended that there 
would be a great number of competitors for the vacant 
chair, most of those especially who had stood a trial at 
the two last elections. In order to dimmish the num- 
ber, in the first place, a promise was given to Mr. John 
Brown of the first Professorship of Philosophy that 
should be vacant, in consideration of his father's steady 
attachment to the interest of the City. This too gave 
great disgust to several of the most respectable mem- 
bers of the Council, as they regarded it as another 
neglect of the opinion of the judges at the Lite trial. 
In the next place, as the Principal (who, by the terms 
of the foundation of the Professorship of Humanity, 
was entitled to give his advice in elections to that 
office), and also several of the Regents, were of opinion 
that the former mode of trial iii the election of Pro- 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 85 

fessors of Humanity was too slight an Ode of Horace 
to be explained and commented upon by the candi- 
dates for the space of three quarters of an hour being 
all that had been required ; it was resolved, with the 
consent of the six delegates from the Town-Council 
and College of Justice, that candidates should be ex- 
amined on a variety of Greek and Latin authors ad 
aperturam libri. This accordingly had the effect to 
intimidate competitors, insomuch, that on the 27th of 
March, the day appointed by the public program, there 
appeared only Mr. John Armour and Mr. Thomas 
Crawford. They were examined in the upper hall of 
the College, in presence of the six delegates, the Prin- 
cipal and Professors, and a great number of other men 
of letters. 

It fell to the lot of Mr. Crawford to be tried first, comparative 

trial of a 

and in the meantime the other candidate was removed. 



The authors pitched upon were Plautus, Ovid, Horace, 
Lucan, Juvenal, Virgil, Hesiod, and Orphei Ov^La^ara. 
Upon each of these the competitors were severally 
examined, as long as the Judges thought proper, and 
Mr. Crawford proving the successful candidate, he was Mr. Thomas 

- 1 Crawford 

appointed to hold an inaugural lecture (ad clepsy- ^nth 
dram) next day at two o'clock, upon an Ode of Humanity?' 
Horace. He was admitted to his office on the 29th of 
March 1626. 1 

On the 29th of July, Mr. James Eeid promoted the 
thirty-eighth class to the Master's degree, being twenty- 
four in number. Several of the students had retired 



Sc 



1 The Town-Council made a handsome donation to Mr. Samuel Rutherford, 
the late Professor, on his resignation. 



86 HISTORY OF THE 

before this time, through an apprehension of some 
symptoms of the plague. The Theses at this gradua- 
tion are dedicated to Thomas Earl of Melrose. The 
first article of them is entitled, Theses de Disciplinis 
in genere. 

There, in one passage Mr. Eeid takes occasion to 
expose the futility of certain modern theologians, who 
affect to despise the liberal sciences, and who are not 
afraid or ashamed to brand Philosophy with insolent 
and opprobrious epithets. " Whatever these persons 
may think of themselves," says he, " who thus contemn 
human Philosophy, such is its lustre in the Christian 
life, and so great its benefit to civil society, that 
Aristippus chose rather to be a Christian philosopher 
than an ignorant or unphilosophic divine/' 1 
Dispute be- I n this he particularly alluded to the conduct of 
jafne n s Re'id Mr. William Struthers, one of the ministers of Edin- 

and the Rev. 

8truthe!i am burgh, and moderator of the Presbytery, who, on the 
trial of a certain candidate for the character of a 
preacher of the gospel before the Presbytery, had ex- 
pressed himself in contemptuous terms of Philosophy, 
calling it the dish-clout to Divinity. This, the Pro- 
fessor at the public graduation took the opportunity 
of resenting, which cost him dear. For Struthers, 
being highly offended with the retort, and having 
formerly borne its author a secret grudge, he prevailed 

1 " Temere satis, salse, ac rigide satis " Qunnticunquo i.dtur sil>i videren- 

pcrstringwnt recentiorcs quidam Theo- tur, jui liuinunnni si- drs]>i<vivut I'lij. 

logi disciplinas has liberaliores ; dum loso}ihiani ; taut a taim-u lux rst ipsius 

eanuu faniulitium (quod certe honnra- in vita Cliristiau;i, tantus UMIS in So- 

rmiiiTheologiirprre8tant)cuni^et'cM/is cietate civili, ut Aristippu* maK 

tun/inn inter dopes conferre non ver- I'liil<>si>]>liiis cliristiauus, quain '1'lico. 

entur, non erubcscunt logus Aphilusophus." 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 87 

with the other ministers of the City, and also several 
other distinguished members of the Presbytery, to 
espouse his quarrel, and immediately after the gradua- 
tion he brought a charge against the Professor before 
the Town-Council. Mr. Reid, who was a man of a 
most respectable character, and much esteemed by the 
members of the Town-Council, and by a numerous 
circle of friends, being then in a bad state of health, 
was advised by his physicians to retire without loss 
of time to a country-house he had in Fife ; and the 
Council, being averse from entertaining any accusation 
against him, concurred in the same advice, in hopes 
that the resentment of Mr. Struthers and his brethren 
would subside before the next assembling of the Col- 
lege. The event turned out otherwise, for in his ab- 
sence his enemies were very active in carrying on their 
designs against him, and the new elections happening 
in the beginning of October, about the time of Mr. 
Reid's return to town, the ministers, whose power in 
the City was very great at that time, availing them- 
selves of certain unfavourable circumstances in his 
conduct, succeeded in stirring up a strong prejudice 
against him. He had still, however, a great number 
of friends in the Council, who secretly warned him of 
the hazard to which he was exposed. He therefore, 
by the advice of his lawyers, appealed his cause from 
the Council of the town to the Privy-Council. This 
circumstance, which went to deny the jurisdiction of 
the Town-Council, was taken advantage of by those who 
were hostile to the defendant ; and the Town-Council 
instantly asserted what they apprehended to be their 



88 HISTORY OF THE 

M ri'vi e of his ^deniable right, by pronouncing sentence of depriva- 
M ffi r c john d tion against him, and by electing immediately in his 
elected in place Mr. John Brown, to whom the first vacant pro- 

his ]>luoe * 

fessorship of Philosophy had been promised. In the 



terms of the sentence, no other ground of procedure 
was stated than that the Council had acted so for 
reasons known to themselves and moving them. Mr. 
Keid complained of the injustice of this sentence, and 
had sufficient interest to procure a mandate from 
Court for reinstating him in his office. But compliance 
with this order being on some pretence or other eluded 
or delayed, he was at last prevailed with to give in a 
voluntary resignation, which he did on the 13th of 
July 1627, 1 and then retired to his own house, where 
he lived in tranquillity to a good old age. The Town- 
Council, however, to show their sense of his faithful 
services for twenty-four years, bestowed on him a 
donation of 1000 pounds Scots. 2 Indeed, they seem 
to have set him aside with great reluctance, and to 
have sacrificed him merely to the implacable resent- 
ment of Struthers and his friends. 

^ * ne commencement of the. forty-fifth session in 
the preceding October, Mr. Keid who had entered upon 
the charge of the new Bejan class, was, in the course 
of the session, in consequence of the above-mentioned 
procedure, superseded by Mr. John Brown, while Mr. 
Stevenson proceeded with the Semi, Mr. King with 



i Reid resigned his public professor- attached to the pmfVssoi.sliip of Logic 

ship of Metaphysics at the same time with which it is still conjoined. 

(Town-Council Records, July 13, 1627); a Town-Council Records, July 18, 

an office which, after histime, continued 1627. 
dormant till the year 1708, when it was 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 89 

the Bachelor, and Mr. Kankin with the Magistrand 
class. 

The Library which had been begun by Mr. Clement increase of 

, the Library. 

Little had greatly increased by donations from the 
candidates for the Master's degree, and from other 
generous benefactors ; and a private chamber being 
now unable to furnish proper accommodation for the 
books, they were removed into the upper great hall, 
until a room sufficiently capacious should be built for 
their reception. This was afterwards done, in conse- 
quence of an Act of Council passed in April 1642 ; 
and the apartment now called the Museum, 1 where the 
Professor of Natural History gives his lectures, and of 
which the west end is occupied by the Humanity class, 
was originally erected for a library, and was actually 
appropriated to that use till about the year 1760, as 
shall oe more particularly mentioned elsewhere. As 
the Principal, who hitherto had the sole charge of 
keeping the Library, found it now necessary to have 
some assistance in that duty, the patrons on the 26th 
of December 1626, allowed him a sum of money for 
employing a servant to attend to the situation of the 
books. 

Mr. Andrew Eamsay, who for six years had been Mr. Andrew 
Rector of the University, and Professor of Divinity, 
the former of which offices he acknowledged to have pr 



been a mere title, had resigned them both on the 
8th of March 1626, but continued to discharge the 
duties of the Professorship to the end of the year. 
In the beginning of the next year, the Town-Council 

1 Anno 1800. 



90 HISTORY OF THE 

were still of opinion that it would contribute to the 

more commodious government of the whole University 

that a Kector should be chosen, and having on the 5th 

1627 . of January 1627 held a meeting with the ministers of 

Au'""n,?er ' the City, first within the College, and afterwards within 

Al. iris. MI. J' 

the Council-Chamber, they elected into that office for 
^ e ensum g vear > Alexander Morison of Prestongrange, 
one of the Lords of Session, much distinguished for his 
learning. He appeared before the Council and took 
an oath de fideli administratione, but it does not 
appear that he entered any further into the duties of 
his new function. 

The vacant Prpfessorship of Divinity was supplied 

on the 19th of April, by recalling into the College 

from the charge of the Church of North Leith, the 

Mr. Henry venerable Mr. Henry Charteris, who had been for- 

Charteris re- * 

p a rofes^r- he nierly Principal, and also Professor of Divinity, when 
Divinity, those offices were held in conjunction, but who now 

agreed to confine himself entirely to the duties of 

the latter. 1 

1627. On the 28th of July, the thirty-ninth class, twenty- 
ni!i\h Saw S ^ X m num ker, received the usual degree. They had 

been instructed the two first years of the course by 

Mr. Fairly, and the remaining two by Mr. Eankin. 

The Theses published on this occasion were dedicated 

to the Lord Provost David Aikenhead, the Bailies, and 

the rest of the Town-Council. 



i The donations hitherto received for agreeing that the excess of his salary 

the support of a Professor of Divinity above the interest of the donations 

were still inadequate to the purpose. should !> rcl'midi-d to tin- Town from 

Mr. < 'harteria accepted of 1000 marks the profits .f MI. v.v. ling gifts. 
of annual salary, with a dwelling-house, 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 91 

In the beginning of October, at the opening of a October, 
new session, the College consisted of the following XLVL 
members, viz. I- 
Alexander Morison, Lord Prestongrange, Rector of the Uni- 
versity. 

Mr. John Adamson, Principal. 
Mr. Henry Charteris, Professor of Divinity. 
Mr. Robert Rankin, 

Mr. John Brown, 

Professors of Philosophy. 
Mr. Andrew Stevenson, 

Mr. William King, 

Mr. Thomas Crawford, Professor of Humanity. 

Mr. Kankin had the charge of the Bejan class, the was. 
other three Philosophy Professors proceeding in their T} ie f(irtieth 

i */ JT o Cliss trni" 

order with the other classes, till the 27th of July 1628, duate 
when Mr. King brought the fortieth class to the 
Magisterial degree, consisting only of fifteen students ; 
the number being so small on account of the fear of 
the plague, which prevailed in the first year of the 
course. 

The new session in October 1628 opened with the was. 

x October. 

Bejan class, under the care of Mr. King ; and the f5?$ 
others proceeded under their respective Professors in 
the usual order. 

This year all the Laws or Begulations of the College Laws of the 
were collected together and inserted into a Register. 
The greater part of them formerly had remained in 
the custody of the Principal, and used to be read 
annually in public after the examination of the classes 
in November. 

On the 3d of December the Town-Council passed 
an act ordaining the Laws to be observed for the 



92 HISTORY OF THE 

future, and to be inserted in the Town-Council 
Kecords. 1 

In the month of July died Mr. Henry Charteris, 
Professor of Divinity, a man of profound erudition, 
being not only well acquainted with the ancient lan- 
guages, but an excellent Philosopher and Theologian, 
and at the same time of singular modesty and sanctity 
of character. 

A violent dispute arose about the election of his 
successor. The King was well known to inherit his 
father's partiality to the Episcopal form of church 
government, which was the source of many of those 
calamities which afterwards afflicted the kingdom, and 
which at last proved fatal to himself and to his family. 
William Laud, Bishop of London, and afterwards Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, a bigoted and intolerant prelate, 
whose counsels had great influence with the King, hml 
already gained many followers among the Scottish 
clergy. Of that number were Thomas Sydeserf and 
John Maxwell, afterwards Bishops, the one of Gal- 
loway, and the other of Ross. These, with others of 
their partisans, had pitched upon Mr. Robert Men- 
teith, son to Alexander Menteith, a citizen, as a proper 
person for supplying the vacant Divinity chair. After 
taking his Master's degree in 1621, Menteith had gone 
abroad, and obtained a Professorship of Philosophy at 
Saumur, where he remained four years. He then 
returned to his native country, with the character of 
an accomplished scholar, and particularly noted for an 

1 The Laws are still to be seen a Re^ r i>UT irl>n;jiii;_ r to the College 
in the Town-Council Records of the they are in Latin. 
above ilatt 1 , expressed in English. In 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 93 

agreeable delivery in the pulpit ; but his doctrines by 
many were regarded as erroneous, and strongly tainted 
with Arminianism. 

A party, however, was prevailed with to favour his 
election, by means chiefly of Sydeserf, who had consi- 
derable interest in the Council. But this measure was 
violently opposed by Mr. William Struthers, supported 
by Mr. Andrew Ramsay and Mr. Henry Kollock, 
ministers of the City, with the Principal and Professors 
of the College, whose advice the patrons, averse from 
giving countenance to innovation in doctrine, thought 
it most prudent to follow; and on the 24th of July, 
notwithstanding the keen struggle made for Menteith, 
they elected Mr. James Fairly, then Minister at 
South Leith, to succeed Mr. Charteris as Professor 
of Divinity. 

Next day, Mr. Andrew Stevenson advanced the 1629. 

The forty- 
forty-first class to the usual degree, being thirty-eight J^ted 

in number. On this occasion the Theses were dedi- 
cated to Provost Aikenhead, and the other members of 
the Town-Council, from which the Laws of the College 
had received a new sanction. 

After the usual vacation, the new session in October 1629. 

October. 

1629 commenced, when Mr. Stevenson took upon him 
the charge of the new Bejan class ; and the other three 
Regents proceeded in their order with the other three 
Philosophy classes. 

In February 1630, Mr. John Ray, who had been 
Professor of Humanity in the College more than eight 
years, and afterwards Rector of the High School up- 
wards of twenty-three, having died in the sixty-third 



94 HISTORY OF THE 

year of his age, Mr. Thomas Crawford, Professor of 
Humanity, was, on the 26th of the same month, ap- 
pointed by the Town-Council to succeed him in the 
Rectorship of the High School. Two competitors 
appeared for the vacant Professorship, Mr. John 
Armour, formerly mentioned, and Mr. Humphrey 
Hood. They both declined the strict trial ad aper- 
turam libri ; and an Ode of Horace was prescribed, 
on which each of them was required to comment three- 

leao. quarters of an hour. A majority of the judges declared 
m f avour ^ ^ r - Armour. He was elected accordingly, 
and was the eighth Professor of Humanity. 1 

i63o. On the 29th of July, Mr. John Brown's class, being 
Jeeondcliiss ^ e f or ty-second since the institution of the College, 
were admitted to the usual degree, being thirty-one 
in number. At the graduations the custom still pre- 
vailed of arranging the candidates, and of bringing 
them forward or circulating them according to their 
respective merit. But on this occasion, Mr. Alexander 
Hope, son of Sir Thomas Hope, his Majesty's Lord 
Advocate, being dissatisfied with his place in the cir- 
culation, as it was called, although, in the general 
opinion, the rank he had obtained was quite equal to 
his merit ; and others of the candidates having com- 
plained of a similar grievance, the practice of thus 
,i Hanging or circulating the Magistrand class was laid 
aside for some time. 

In the month of August, the Town-Council, being 
informed that Dr. John Sharp, Professor of Divinity 

1 Some years afterwards, Mr. Humphrey H.H.H! \\;is srltU-l :i minister in 
Nithsdale. 



iselected 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 95 

in the College of Die in Dauphiny, was expelled from 
France by the influence of Cardinal Richelieu, and had 
come over to London, thought proper to invite him to 
the Professorship of Divinity in the College of Edin- 
burgh ; and in order to make way for this arrange- 
ment, Mr. James Fairlv was called to exercise the 1630. 

J m Nov. 17. 

ministry along with Mr. Andrew Ramsay in the south- 
west district of the city ; in consequence of which he 
resigned his office in the University, and on the 17th 
of November, Dr. John Sharp was elected to succeed Dl 
him as Professor of Divinity. 1 

On the 29th of December in the same year, Charles Donation. 
Shearer of Dort, in Holland, probably related to the 
former donor of the same name, delivered to the City 
Treasurer 1000 marks, the interest to be paid annually 
to himself during his life, and afterwards, in the same 
way to his cousin John Shearer, at Cambusmiln in 
Monteith, and then to remain as a donation for aug- 
menting the salary of the Professor of Divinity. 

In October 1630, after the vacation, the new Bejan 1630 
class assembled under the care of Mr. John Brown, the session 

XLIX. 

other Professors proceeding in rotation with the other 
classes, till the 23d of July 1631, when Mr. Robert 1631 
Rankin brought the forty-third class to the usual de- it&$l 

- third Class 

gree, being forty-three in number. 

During the vacation, Mr. William King, after hav- 
ing been a Regent in the College twenty-three years, 
accepted of a call to be minister at Cramond ; upon 
which the Council, in consequence of a previous pro- 
mise given to the Earl, of Airth and some others, 

1 Dr. Sharp had a salary allowed him of 1200 marks, with a house. 



On 

nation of Mr. 



96 HISTORY OF THE 

Mr. Aiex- elected Mr. Alexander Hepburn, formerly mentioned, 

ander Hep- J 

to supply the vacant Professorship. 



In the following October, at the opening of the 

Philosophy. 

fiftieth session, Mr. Kankin in course took the charge 
of the new class, while the other Professors proceeded 
in rotation with the other classes ; Mr. Alexander 
Hepburn, the new Professor, having the charge of the 
Magistrand, in place of Mr. William King, till the 21st 
juf^i of July 1632, when the former graduated the forty- 
Stirth cfass fourth class, which he had instructed during the pre- 

graduated. .. . , . . , . -, 

ceding session, being thirty-three in number. 
Legacy by On the 1 8th of January this year, Thomas Charteris 

John Byres, 

G^i eai f delivered to the City Treasurer 300 marks, a donation 
to the College by his father-in-law, John Byres of 
Coats, late Dean of Guild of the City. 
October. In October, after the annual vacation, Mr. Alex- 

Session LI. 

ander Hepburn took upon him the charge of the new 
Bejan class, and the other Professors proceeded in their 
order with the other classes. 

leas. On 22d of June the forty-fifth class, under Mr. 
Andrew Stevenson, was advanced to the Master's degree. 

fifth Class O 

The graduation was performed in the lower hall of the 
College, as had been the case the preceding year, and 
as continued to be the case till the year 1655. This 
year the graduation was held at an earlier period than 
usual, on account of the bustle occasioned by the King's 
presence in the city, and the holding of the Parlia- 
ment. 

His Majesty had made a journey into Scotland in 
oil 1 r to In* crowned at Edinburgh, and on the 15th of 
June he entered the city, and \\;i> iv.--ivrd with sin- 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 97 

cere affection and loud acclamations by all ranks of 
his subjects. The streets through which he proceeded 
were decorated in the most pompous and splendid 
manner. Ostentatious magnificence, rather than ele- 
gance of taste, was consulted on this occasion, and the 
Scots, preposterously enough, boasted that this ex- 
hibition was nothing inferior in grandeur to the 
entries of the mightiest princes in Christendom for 
120 years before. All the pageantry and the speeches 
delivered at this splendid procession, were devised or 
composed by Mr. John Adamson, Principal of the 
University, and the celebrated William Drummond 
of Hawthornden, assisted by Mr. Thomas Crawford, 
then head-master of the High School, and a committee 
of citizens. The particulars of this splendid cere- 
mony have been enumerated and recorded by different 
authors. 1 Nor was the College of Edinburgh deficient 
in loyalty and respect to his Majesty at this time. As 
the effusions of their gratitude to the former King, 
when he visited Scotland after an absence of fourteen 
years, had been published in The Muses Welcome to 
the High and Mighty Prince James, of which book 
Principal Adamson had been the editor ; so there now 
appeared a collection of poetical congratulations ad- 
dressed to the less fortunate Charles when he came to be 
crowned at Edinburgh, published under the direction 
of the same learned person, and consisting of a great 
variety of copies of verses by different authors, in 

i Rushworth's Historical Collections, the present made, and the banquet 

part ii. p. 181. Maitland's History of given on this occasion, cost the citi- 

Edinburgh, p. 65. "The King's entry," zens the sum of 41,489, 7s. Scottish 

>ays Maitland (p. 69), " together with money." 

G 



98 HISTORY OF THE 

Greek, in Latin, and in English. 1 But the rejoicing 
was not of long duration. 

The King, by following too implicitly the advices of 
Laud, which coincided with his own passionate fond- 
ness for the complete establishment of Episcopacy in 
Scotland, and for accomplishing which his father had, 
not very auspiciously, begun, created a source of in- 
finite calamity to the nation and to himself. In 
addition to the five obnoxious articles proposed by 
the late King, approved by the Perth Assembly in 
1618, and ratified in Parliament in the year 1621, it 
was now determined to have a body of canons and 
a Liturgy introduced and obtruded upon the nation, 
the great majority of whom, it was easy to perceive, 
were entirely averse to that mode of conducting their 
religious worship. In the Parliament, which was 
dissolved on the 28th of June, evident symptoms of 
partiality to the hierarchy had been displayed ; and 
from that time the King looked with an unfavourable 
aspect on those of his subjects who differed from him 
in their sentiments on ecclesiastical government. 2 On 
the other hand, the bishops and those who concurred 
with them were received with the greatest favour. 
But, while the Episcopal faction was elated, the great 
majority of the nation were disgusted ; and to add to 
tins discontent, many of the prelates, and those who 
adhered to them, were imprudent enough to inculcate 



[Under the following title : 4to, 56 leaves, including the English 

" EI2OAIA MVBARVM EDINENBIUM poems hy David Primrose ami William 

IN CAROLI Regis, Musarum Tutani, in- Douglas.] 

gressu in Scotiam. Edinburgi excn- 3 Rush worth's Historical Col lections, 

dehant Hrerede* Andrew Hart 1633," vol. ii. r>- 183. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 99 

and disseminate Arminian doctrines. In this situation 
of affairs the Universities, it may be supposed, and as 
will presently appear, were not entirely exempted from 
the animosities and divisions which agitated the rest 
of the nation. 

Meanwhile, the College having met after the vaca- 1633. 

-it/r rs 111 October. 

tion, Mr. Stevenson in rotation entered to the charge segm 
of the new Bejan class, while the other Professors 
conducted the other classes in the usual order. 

In December, a, vacancy happened in the Professor- Mr . John 
ship of Humanity, by the resignation of Mr. John 



Armour, who had accepted of a Professorship of Philo- 
sophy in the old College of St. Andrews. A com- 
parative trial being announced, three competitors 
appeared for the vacant office, Mr. James Adamson, 
nephew to the Principal, Mr. Archibald Newton, son 
to a citizen of Edinburgh, both of them masters in 
the High School, and Mr. Alexander Gibson, son to 
a writer. The subject of the trial was an ode of 
Horace, the seventh of the first book, upon which 
each of the candidates was required to speak nearly 
an hour. The first made a very respectable appear- 
ance ; but the contest ran betwixt the other two. Mr. 
Newton was generally understood to be of superior 
ability ; but as he was obnoxious to the Episcopal 
party, whose influence had now become formidable, the 
Judges, with an indecent partiality, declared in favour Dec . 
of Mr. Alexander Gibson, who was accordingly elected 
and admitted to the office on the 27th of December. 1 H?ty of 

1 Mr. James Adamson afterwards was a minister in Ireland, and Mr. Newton 
minister of Liberton. 



27. 

Mr. Alexan- 



100 HISTORY OF THE 

1634. On the 19th of next February, the City Treasurer 
A donation, received from James Ellis a legacy of 1300 marks, 

which had been bequeathed by his father and grand- 
father for augmenting the provision for a Professor of 
Divinity. 

On the 26th of July, Mr. John Brown's class, being 
forty-sixth, and consisting of thirty-nine students, 
received the usual degree in the lower hall of the 
College. 

In October after the vacation, Mr. Brown corn- 
menced a new course with a new Bejan class, while 
the other Professors proceeded in the usual mode with 

1635 . the other classes till the 25th of July, when the forty- 
xhe forty- seventh class, under Mr. Robert Rankin, obtained the 



1634. 



seventh Class 



Master's degree with the usual solemnity. 

Ever since the first graduation, conducted by Mr. 
,Robert Rollock in the year 1587, it had been the 
subscrip- custom for the candidates to subscribe the short 
Confession of Faith or Covenant, which had been 
drawn up in the year 1581, and first subsciibed by 
King James and his household, 1 and soon after by 
persons of all ranks, and again by all sorts of per- 
sons in the year 1590, and which afterwards made 
the first part of the National Covenant 2 adopted in 
the years 1638 and 1639 ; but the prelates and 
ministers who adhered to them, after many former 
fruitless attempts, succeeded this year in prevailing 
with the Masters of the College, with the exception 

1 See Collection of Confessions, pub- stead of " the National Covenant," has 

Hshed by James Watson, 1722, vol. ii. the words, "the famous Solemn League 

pp. 103, 120. and Covenant," which was only first 

a [Professor Dalzel, in his MS., in- adopted in 1644. See p. 123.] 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 101 

of Mr. Andrew Stevenson, who protested against the 
measure, to discontinue their subscription, and to 
cause the candidates to subscribe in place of it a short 
Oath containing a renunciation of Popery. 1 Accord- 
ingly this engagement still appears in the graduation- 
book, at the head of the subscriptions by Mr. Kankin's 
students graduated this year, and of those who were 
graduated the two succeeding years. In the year 
1604, the Principal and Professors, as well as the 
graduates, had begun to subscribe also a solemn en- 
gagement to remain affectionate and dutiful to the 
University of Edinburgh where they had received their 
education ; and from that date till the year 1639, a 
double subscription appears regularly in the Gradua- 
tion-Book, after which time the former of the two 
was omitted. 

In the beginning of April this year, the Town- 
Council, from the sense they entertained of the merit 
of Dr. John Sharp, Professor of Divinity, allowed him 
300 marks, as an augmentation of his stipend, which 
sum was paid annually till the year 1638. 

On the 22d of the same month, the Council also April 22. 

Mr. Kenneth 

agreed to relieve the Principal of the labour of keeping j?Keeper d 

the Library, and they elected Mr. Kenneth Logie, son ? L 

to Mr. James Logie, Advocate, who was recommended 

as a proper person for undertaking that charge. He 

had been employed to assist the Principal in arranging 

the books, and in making a catalogue of them, a copy 

of which the Principal delivered to the Council on 

1 [This and the other Oaths to which " A Catalogue of the Edinburgh Gra- 
the author refers, will be found in the duates," etc. Edinb. 1858, 8vo.] 
volume lately published, containing 



October. 
LIV. 



102 HISTORY OF THE 

the same day. An annual salary of 400 marks was 
granted to the new Librarian, with certain fees and 
perquisites incident to the office, and regulations were 
drawn up respecting the times of the Librarian's 
attendance, and the admission of students to the 
use of the books, which still were kept in the 
higher hall. 1 

16S5 At the opening of the fifty-fourth session in October 
1635, Mr. Kobert Kankin had the charge of the new 
Bejan class, which being matriculated after it was 
fully convened, according to the custom which now 
prevailed, amounted to the number of fifty- nine 
students. 

In January 1636, a donation of 100 marks was 
delivered by James Muir to the City Treasurer, as a 
contribution towards the maintenance of bursars. 

In April 1636, it was thought proper to augment 
the Principal's salary to 2000 marks including his 
house-rent, and to assist in completing that part of 
the old College fabric encompassing a small lower 
court, which formerly occupied the same ground where 
the Anatomical Theatre and Museum now stand. Mr. 
James Keith of Edmonston contributed 500 marks. 

i A note about Porters : see Craw- to the Council, that the Porter should 

ford's MSS. [The passage here referred be chosen such an one as had no avo- 

to may be quoted : " From the first cation from his constant attendance, 

times of the College, the Porter thereof especially a bookbinder, who might 

was chosen, either out of the supreme employ himself at work within the 

class, or out of those who were lately gate of the College, in a room fit for 

graduated: These being always students the purpose : Hereupon, David Smith. 

in Divinity, and aiming at the ministry, bookbinder, was elected Porter; who, 

h;ul many avocations from their attend- dying this year, }<>'>'>, <>iif Hubert Bin- 

ance : In consideration whereof, anno all succeeded to him; and In- <l\mi; 

1628, Mr. John Sinclair demitting (who also in the vacant- It'.:',!*, one James 

thereafter was minister at Pennycuik), Marshell lillod his ]>lace."] 
Mr. John Adamson, Principal, moved 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 103 

On the 23d of July, the graduation of the forty- 103,;. 
eighth class, under the care of Mr. Alexander Hep- ^j[;; M 
burn, twenty-four in number, was performed in the graduated 
usual manner in the lower College hall. 

The College being again met after the vacation, the October. 

. -i-i-Tt/TTi Session LV. 

new >ejan class, now conducted by Mr. Hepburn, was 
found, at the matriculation, to consist of fifty-seven 
students. Meanwhile, before the end of October, 
Mr. Alexander Gibson, to the surprise of his friends, q n the re- 
resigned the Professorship of Humanity, and ac- 



cepted of an invitation to be master of the Grammar wS 

C4 i i TT i appointed 

School in the Canongate. Upon announcing the 



vacancy, and inviting candidates by means of public 
programs, to stand a comparative trial, Mr. James 
Wiseman, master of the Grammar School at Lin- 
lithgow, alone appeared ; and, being without a com- 
petitor, he was required by the Judges to give a 
discourse upon an ode of Horace, the twenty-eighth 
of the first book, and was appointed to the office on 
the llth of November. 

On Monday, the 22d of July 1637, the forty-ninth 
class, under the charge of Mr. Andrew Stevenson, The forty 

ninth Clas 

forty-five in number, were graduated in the common s raduated 
hall of the college. 

This was the day immediately after the famous 
check given to the encroachments of Prelacy in Scot- 
land. The new Service-Book, or Liturgy for the 
Church of that kingdom, devised by the Scotish Pre- 
lates, under the auspices of Archbishop Laud, was now 
printed and ready to be introduced. The Book of 
Common Prayer of the Church of England had fur- 



1637 
e forty 2 ' 

ninth Class 






104 HISTORY OF THE 



nished the model. A few deviations had been adopted, 
but these seemed most imprudently calculated to 
favour Popery and Arminianism ; and the minds of 
the people became so much incensed that the intro- 
duction of this new religious service was considered 
by them as almost equivalent to the restoration of the 
Mass. 1 By a royal mandate the Ministers of Edin- 
burgh had been ordered to announce from the pulpit 
on the preceding Sunday the intended commence- 
ment of this new ritual. Mr. Andrew Ramsay alone 
had the boldness to refuse, and Mr. Henry Rollock, 
after some hesitation, followed his example. During 
the intervening week a general alarm prevailed among 
the people. Edinburgh which, at the Reformation, was 
not a bishopric, had been by King Charles himself 
erected into an episcopal see so late as the year 1633, 
and the Collegiate Church of St. Giles was made the 
cathedral. David Lindsay the Bishop, on the day 
appointed, attended by James Hannay the Dean, and 
Alexander Thomson, a minister, came into the middle 
district or nave of the cathedral, where a great con- 
gregation was assembled ; the eastern part or chancel 
being yet under a state of repair for the altar and 
other apparatus adapted to the Episcopal communion. 
No sooner had the Dean begun the service than there 
ensued a great tumult, the particulars of which liavr 

1 The book was printed under the privilegio." in fol. There appears pre- 

1'ollowing title : " The Booke of Com- fixed a royal proclamation for autlioii- 

mon Prayer, and Administration of the zing the use of it throughout the realm 

Sacraments. And other parts of Divine of Scotland. Oneof the copies U-lonir- 

Service for the use of the Church of ing to the University of Edinliunjh lias 

Scotland. Kdintuir^li, printed l>y Ro- the following Ms. inscription : 

l>fit Young, Printer t" tin- King's most donattis sum Academic Kdinliurgena? 

exn-llent Majestic. M.nr.xxxvu. Cum a Magisterii Cnndidatis. A.D. 1' 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 105 

been recorded by various historians, and are well 
known. The Magistrates interposed their authority, 
and with difficulty excluded the most turbulent of 
the people. The service proceeded, but with much 
annoyance from without ; and, at the conclusion, the 
Bishop and Dean, with much ado, escaped the fury of 
the incensed multitude. In the Greyfriars Church 
the Bishop of Argyle, who officiated there, experienced 
a similar treatment. The afternoon service in different 
churches, by the vigilance of the Magistrates, was 
performed with much greater tranquillity. But a 
universal bustle and trepidation prevailed throughout 
the city. From this imprudent attempt on the part 
of the King and the Bishops, proceeded those fatal 
commotions which agitated the nation for many years. 
The first effect of it was an association of ministers, 
with many of the nobility, gentry, and most of the 
burgesses and commons throughout the nation, for the 
purpose of restoring the Presbyterian mode of worship 
and church government, as it had been established 
before the encroachments of the Episcopal hierarchy. 
Many supplications were presented to the Privy-Coun- 
cil, and also to the King himself, on the part of the 
Presbyterians ; but the influence of the Bishops and 
certain courtiers prevented those earnest solicitations 
from having the desired effect. At length the reso- 
lution was taken to renew the Covenant for religion. 
This new Covenant which was agreed upon, consisted 
of three parts : 1. The old Covenant, which had been 
originally subscribed by the late King in 1581, and 
which was formerly mentioned ; 2. An enumeration of 



106 HISTORY OF THE 






various Acts of Parliament in support of the Eeformed 
religion ; 3. A conclusion applicable to the particular 
occasion. It is astonishing with what earnestness per- 
sons of all ranks entered into this solemn engage- 
ment, and hastened to bind themselves to its observ- 
ance by their oaths and subscriptions. Among those 
who strenuously promoted it were the Professors of 
the University of Edinburgh, with the exception of 
only two of their number, Mr. Robert Rankin and 
Mr. John Brown. 1 

lea?. In October 1637, the classes had as usual assembled 
session Lvi. after the vacation, when Mr. Andrew Stevenson under- 
took the charge of the new Bejan class ; and at the 
close of the session, Mr. John Brown's students, thirty- 
two in number, being now in the fourth year of their 
course, were prepared for receiving the Master's degree 

less, on the 20th of July 1638. But though their theses 
were distributed, it was thought proper to perform the 

P m ;e- ceremon y o f graduation in a private manner, without 
the usual disputation. Mr. Brown, as well as Mr. 
Rankin, had by this time incurred the displeasure of 
the Covenanters, who were now become very numerous, 
and whose influence was sufficient for depriving them 
of the countenance of the patrons and of the public. 
These two obnoxious Regents, who persisted in their 
refusal to take the Covenant, were arraigned 1 )!' iv 

1 " Edinburgh continues constant. Forrester] in North Leith, all the Col- 
Mr. Henry [Rollock] and Andrew lege, Principal, Dr. Sharp, Regents, 
[ K;misay], yea, Mr. Robert Blair, and [and] all the scholars (except Mr. Robert 
Mr. James Hamilton, and Mr. John Rankin and Mr. John Brown, with 
I ,i\ ingstone preach there to the people's some few others with them), hav. >ul.- 
heart. Mr. Matthew Weems in the scribed and |WOm* H Baillie'i priuti-d 
. Mr. K<!;tir \<n: for David Letter*, vol. i. p. 47. 



tive tnal for 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 107 

the Town- Council on the 24th of August as persons of 
whom the greatest part of the nation entertained a 
most unfavourable opinion. 1 Upon their appearance, 
in consequence of letters of summons, the Council, at 
two different meetings, deliberated upon the case, and 
resolved to take the advice of the Ministers before 
they pronounced any sentence. On the 5th of Sep- Mr. John 

**_' r Brown and 

tember the whole Council, with most of the Ministers, 
being assembled, they deprived the two delinquents of p( 
their offices, alleging, as an extenuation of the violence 
of this proceeding, that they had been originally elected 
only during the pleasure of the patrons. 

At another meeting on the 26th of September the 

. . 

Council appointed a day for holding a comparative * Profes - 
trial of candidates for supplying the two vacant Pro- 
fessorships, and they ordered programs of invitation 
to be affixed on the gates of the Colleges of St. An- 
drews and Glasgow. Aberdeen was omitted, probably i 63 8. 
because the doctors of that City and University were sed" 
among the few who had strenuously opposed the Cove- 
nant. Four competitors appeared Mr. James Wise- 
man, professor of Humanity, and three other Masters 
of Arts, viz., Duncan Forrester, Patrick Colvill, and 
Eobert Young, the first of whom had taken his degree 
at St Andrews in 1634, the second at Edinburgh in 
1629, and the third at Glasgow in 1638. Mr Andrew 
Kamsay and Mr. Henry Rollock, ministers, and Mr. 
Thomas Crawford, then Rector of the High School, 
were appointed to assist the Principal and the remain- 
ing Professors in conducting the trial. Each candi- 

1 Town-Council Records of that date. 



108 HISTORY OF THE 

date was employed three-quarters of an hour in 
handling a subject which had been presented to him 
three days before, and each was required to defend a 
thesis against three other competitors, who disputed 
with him severally for half an hour. The Judges, at 
the close of the examination, decided unanimously in 
favour of Mr. Wiseman and Mr. Forrester. But, after 
a conference held with the Town-Council, it was 
thought expedient that one of the two vacant offices 
should be supplied by a person of experience, and 
less, therefore Mr. James Wright, who, after takinsr his 

October 26. . * 

wrig1ft mes degree at Edinburgh in the year 1627, had discharged 

tweity-flfth, the duty of a Professor of Philosophy at St. Andrews 

for four years with great applause, was pitched upon ; 

and being elected in place of Mr. John Brown on the 

26th of October, he undertook the charge of the new 

leas. Beian class. Mr. Wiseman, in preference to Mr. 

Nov. 10. J 

ja?nS r wise- Forrester, was chosen in place of Mr. Kankin, on the 
twe n nty e 8 ixti, 1 Oth of November, and entered, of course, to the charge 

1'mf'rssor of 

philosophy. O f t he Magistrand class. 

Mr. Wiseman's election having vacated the Profes- 
sorship of Humanity, the Town-Council on the 14th of 
November chose their delegates to meet with those 
from the College of Justice, to be present at a com- 
parative trial previously announced for that day. 
Two competitors appeared, Mr. Robert Fairly, who 
had taken his degree in the year 1624, and had been 
a successful teacher of Latin for many years, and Mr. 
Robert Young formerly mentioned. The strict trial 
a( ^ apwturam libri was adopted ; and Mr. Young, 
,7v? f contrary to expectation, \v;is un;mimously preferred 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 109 

by the Judges, and chosen to succeed Mr. Wiseman 
as Professor of Humanity on the 16th of the same 
month. 1 

This year is famous for the General Assembly of the NOV. 21. 
Church which met at Glasgow on the 21st of Novem- 



ber. The King's authority for holding this celebrated go 
convention was at last obtained, or rather extorted by 
the intrepidity and perseverance of the Covenanters. 
Mr. Alexander Henderson, then minister at Leuchars, 
and one of the delegates from the Presbytery of St. 
Andrews, was elected Moderator ; and Mr. Archibald 
Johnston, Advocate, afterwards better known by the 
appellation of Lord Warriston, was chosen Clerk. 
Though the Marquis of Hamilton, the King's Com- 
missioner, did everything in his power to control the 
Assembly, in particular, to prevent all hostile proce- 
dure against the Prelates, and to act in every respect 
conformably to the instructions he had received from 
the King, yet the reverend court, having found them- 
selves lawfully constituted, proceeded in their own way, 
without yielding in the least to the Commissioner ; 
which exasperated him so much, that on the 28th of 
November, the seventh day of their sitting, he dissolved 
the Assembly in his Majesty's name, and issued a pro- 
clamation the next day prohibiting them from all 
further meeting under pain of treason. Nevertheless, 
the members continued to sit until the 20th of 
December, when they finished their business, the prin- 
cipal part of which was the abolition of the High 
Commission, the Articles of Perth, the Canons, the 

1 Town-Council Records of that date. 



110 HISTORY OF THE 

Liturgy, and the whole fabric of Episcopacy, which 
James and Charles for a course of years had taken so 
much pains gradually to rear. Mr. John Adamson, 
Principal of the University of Edinburgh, represented 
that society in this Assembly. Though the Assembly 
had invariably expressed the greatest respect for the 
King, yet his Majesty was extremely displeased with 
their proceedings, and had, even before their dissolu- 
tion, formed the rash and ill-advised design of com- 
mencing open hostilities against the Covenanters. 
This was a fatal period, threatening the disturbance of 
that uninterrupted tranquillity, at least that freedom 
from war, which the nation had experienced for more 
than half a century. In a cause such as that in 
which they were engaged, the Covenanters persuaded 
themselves that resistance was legal ; and they took the 
most prudent measures for opposing the force which 
was preparing against them. In the beginning of 
May, a powerful fleet which the King had equipped, 
entered the Firth of Forth, under the command of the 
Marquis of Hamilton, while Charles in person advanced 
with a numerous army towards the Border. The 
country was alarmed. The inhabitants near the sea 
assembled for the purpose of guarding the coasts 
against the fleet, and an army took the field under 
the command of General Leslie, to oppose the King's 
forces on the Border. 
i9. These commotions had accelerated the vacation <>!' 

April 17. 

SUSS^t^e College. And so early as the 17th of April, tin- 
Magistrand class, under the charge of Mr. James Wise- 
man, forty-two in number, were graduated in a private 1 



October. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. Ill 

manner in the upper College hall, without the usual 
disputation, in presence only of the Town-Council, 
Ministers of the city, and Masters of the College. 

After the appearances of hostility that had been 
exhibited by the King and the Covenanters, it was 
thought prudent on both sides to come to an accom- 
modation ; and a pacification having been accordingly 
concluded, the King permitted another General As 
sembly and a Parliament to meet at Edinburgh, the 
former on the 6th, and the latter on the 20th of 
August. 

In the following October the College as usual as- 1639. 
sembled, Mr. James Wiseman taking the charge of the 
new Bejan class, Mr. James "Wright proceeding with 
the Semi, Mr. Andrew Stevenson with the Bachelor, 
and Mr. Alexander Hepburn with the Magistrand. 

In December the revenue of the College was aug- 



mented by a larger private donation than any that 
had hitherto been received. Mr. Bartholomew Somer- 
ville, the son of Peter Somerville, an opulent burgess 
and bailie of Edinburgh, being without children, con- 
veyed to the College, for the support of a Professor of 
Divinity, the sum of 20,000 marks, and also 6000 
marks to purchase for his accommodation an adjacent 
house and garden which belonged to Sir James Skene. 

About the same time David Mackall, late bailie, an d Mac- 
bequeathed to the College 1200 marks for the main- 
tenance of two bursars, and also a similar sum for the 
increase of the Library. 

On the 25th of the same month, Mr. Andrew 1639. 

Dec 27 

Stevenson, who had accepted of a call to be minister On the Re 



donation 



112 HISTORY OF THE 

at Dunbar, resigned his Professorship ; and on the 27th, 
Mr V DunSn ^ Tt Duncan Forrester, 1 who had been much approved 
fiecd ter of by the judges in a former trial, was elected in his 
pl ace > an d was tne twenty-seventh Professor of Philo- 
sophy iu the University of Edinburgh. 

Though hostilities were renewed in the succeeding 
year on the part of the King against the Covenanters, 
and the whole nation, particularly the City of Edin- 
burgh, was again alarmed by the threatenings of war, 
the Town-Council continued to display a laudable zeal 
for the interest of their College. In a meeting held 
1640. on the 8th of January, it was resolved that the office 

January 8. 

f Rector should be revived and continued annually, 
and that the person invested with this dignity should 
have the general inspection of the whole University, 
and be assisted by six Assessors, selected from the 
Council of the City, the Ministers, and the Masters of 
the College. 

It was, moreover, ordained that this academical 
magistrate should preside in public meetings, and on 
other solemn occasions, and be distinguished by hav- 
ing a silver mace carried before him. 2 And, for ascer- 
taining with greater precision than formerly the nature 



1 [Crawford says, "He was son to pn-sont-d in tin- Collect- du-st, ami 

David Forrester, an honest, pious mi- is thus drsrrilifd in a list of sunn- 

nister at North Leitb," who is men- curiosities deposited there : " Toga 

tioned in the foot-note to p. 106.] P. D. Alexandri Hendersoni Carolo r. 

9 George Buchanan, a student, waA Regi in Sacris, et Academic <|u<>n<l.uii 

elected to attend the Rector as bemile Rectoris. Kst panno Cilirino tcmti- 

or macer, with an annual salary of 20 ore, collo vcn- quadrangular! forma. 

pounds. Town-Council Records. The partilms a frontc r.-plii-atis assut... 

Rector, too, was arrayed in a more mauirix aprrtis i-t promi^i-. ii>-|u<- 

splendid robe than tliost- of tin- I'rin- lihulis scricis cjindatis ct ansnlis simi- 

cipal and Professors. The gown which lilms exornatis. un<li'|nc \cro 

Mr. Henderson wore as Rector is still vil!o> pr:. ; 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 113 

and extent of his duty, the Town- Council, on this 
occasion, enacted and authorized a set of regulations 
and directions to be observed by the new Rector and 
his successors in office. 

These Eegulations are as follows : 

" 1. Imprimo. The Rector shall wisely consider and carefully 
observe what things may serve for the good education of the youth, 
and for the flourishing estate of the College, whether in the rents 
and buildings, or in ordering of the Masters, Professors, and Students. 
He shall be the eye of the Council of the town for universal inspec- 
tion, and as the mouth of the College for giving information and 
delivering such overtures to the Council as himself and his assessors 
shall find convenient. 

" 2. Item. He shall be careful that neither the Principal, Pro- 
fessors, nor Regents, nor any other member of the said College, be 
deficient in their duty prescribed by the laws and statutes of the 
College. He shall advise them, and if need be he shall admonish 
them, but with that respect which is due to their places ; and in 
case they amend not what he judges amiss, he shall, after the second 
admonition, make the matter known to the Council of the town. 

"3. Item. The Rector and his Assessors shall cognosce and 
judge of all complaints and debates not proper for the civil nor 
ecclesiastical jurisdiction, which shall happen to arise amongst any 
of the prime masters of the College, or amongst the Principal, Pro- 
fessors, or Regents, or any of them ; as also of such complaints and 
debates, as may arise betwixt any of the students of philosophy, or 
any of the students of divinity, or betwixt any of these and the 
students of any other profession, or betwixt any of the students of 
the professions amongst themselves ; he shall labour to compose them 
justly and without scandal, but so that it shall be lawful for any of 
the parties to appeal to the Town-Council. 

" 4. Item. The Rector shall have in his custody the Matricular 
of the College, containing the names of all the students of whatso- 
ever profession, who at their entry shall swear and subscribe in his 
presence, and in presence of the Principal and Regents of the class, 
if he shall be a student of philosophy, and if he be a student of any 
other profession, in presence of the Principal and Professor of the 

H 



114 HISTORY OF THE 

said profession, and obedience to the laws and orders of the Col- 
lege, with their fidelity and forwardness for advancing thereof, 
all the days of their lives ; and immediately before they receive 
the degree, shall appear in the common hall, swear and subscribe the 
Confession of Faith, as it is prescribed by the late General Assembly 
held at Edinburgh in the month of August 1C 39. 

" 5. Item. The Rector shall have a written register of the names 
of the benefactors, with the expression of their particular beneficence, 
whether it be in lands, rents, sums of money, books, or any other 
way of liberality, that there may be preserved that honourable com- 
memoration of them that may be made at such solemn times as shall 
be thought fit, and that others may be moved to follow their laudable 
example. 

" 6. Item. The Rector shall receive from the Council a tran- 
sumpt of the whole rental and sums of money belonging to the said 
College, subscribed with the hand of the common clerk, that he may 
ripely advise how far it may extend and be employed for the weal of 
the College, at the will of the Council. 

" 7. Item. The Rector shall not only be present at the solemn 
meetings of the College, but also shall be invited by the Preses to 
begin and go before the rest in all the public disputes of philosophy 
and divinity. Anent all and sundry which particulars, and every one 
of them, contained in the articles above written, the said Provost, 
Bailies, Council, and Deacons of crafts, Patrons of the said College, 
grant and give, by these presents, to the Rector presently and 
hereafter to be chosen, their full power and ample commission for 
doing and exercising the haill particulars contained in the articles 
above written, in manner therein set down, siclyke and as freely as 
they might do themselves in all respects." 1 

In pursuance of the Town-Council's resolution, 
Mr. Aiex- Mr. Alexander Henderson, the well-known moderator 

ander Hen- 

ciwted of the famous General Assembly held at Glasgow, ;m<l 
who, soon after that Assembly, had been translated 
from the country parish of Leuchars to be minister of 
the great church of Edinburgh, was elected Rector of 

i Town-Council Records, v..l. \\. ].. 118. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 115 

the University for the ensuing year. 1 George Suttie, 

one of the bailies, James Cochran, dean of guild, Mr. T he Rector's 

Andrew Eamsay and Mr. Henry Bollock, two of the 

ministers, Mr. John Adamson, Principal of the College, 

and Mr. Alexander Hepburn, one of the regents, were 

chosen as his Assessors. 

The College now consisted of the following members, 
viz. : 

Mr. Alexander Henderson, Rector of the University. 

Mr. John Adamson, Principal. 

Dr. John Sharp, Professor of Divinity. 

Mr. James Wiseman, 

Mr. James Wright, 

Mr. Duncan Forrester, ProfeSSors of P1 ' ilos P h y- 

Mr. Alexander Hepburn, 

Mr. Robert Young, Professor of Humanity. 

Mr. Kenneth Logic, Librarian. 

Hitherto the revenues of the College had been under 
the charge of the Treasurer for the City, but in conse- 
quence of the considerable accessions lately made to 
them, it was thought proper that the College funds 
should be separated from those of the City, and that a 
particular treasurer should be appointed to manage 
them. Accordingly, John Jossie was, on the last day John Jossie 
of January, elected College Treasurer, and a Committee 



Treasurer. 



1 Mr. Henderson was now plainly tent, where the King was present ; and 
considered as the most eminent of the Lord Loudoun and he were the principal 
Presbyterian Ministers, and was after- spokesmen in defence of the late trans- 
wards employed in various important actions in Scotland. He bore a princi- 
missions. He had already been ap- pal share in the debates of the Assem- 
pointed one of the commissioners to bly held in August this year ; and at 
treat with the English about a pacifi- the opening of the Parliament on the 
cation with the King near the Border 31st of the same month he preached a 
in June 1639. On the 9th of that sermon on the end, duty, and iitility of 
month he was in the Earl of Arundel's Magistracy. 



116 HISTORY OF THE 

appointed to prepare a distinct statement of all that 
had been destined for the support of the College. 1 

The pacification agreed upon the preceding year 
between the King and the Covenanters proved but of 
short duration. Mutual jealousies had continued to 
prevail, and the unfortunate and ill-advised monarch 
recurred to his former expedient of drawing the sword 
against his Scottish subjects. When intelligence was 
brought of an army being raised in England to invade 
Scotland, preparation was made for a vigorous resist- 
ance. The bustle which the levies occasioned, and 
particularly the siege of the Castle of Edinburgh by 
General Leslie, interrupted the studies in the College, 
and obliged the Professors to conclude the session so 
i64o. early as the 3d of April, on which day the act of 

Son^ciass graduating Mr. Alexander Hepburn's class, which con- 
sisted of thirty-nine students, and composed the fifty- 
second class since the institution of the College, was 
performed in a private manner, as had been the case 
the foregoing year. 

Meanwhile the funds of the College continued to 

Johnston's receive considerable additions. Robert Johnston, LL.D., 

legacy for 

son of a citizen of Edinburgh, and who had lived many 



1 This Committee in a few days "The vicarage of the Kirk of Living- 
gave in to the Council a particular stum-. 

detail of the College revenues, contain- "The teinds of Kirkiml, parsonage 

ing, as recorded by Crawford in his and vicarage. 

1 1 i-t..ry of the University : " 2d, Tlu-. lu-m-lit <>l thr public mort- 

" 1st, The primitive patrimony of the cloths given by the City, anno Idt'.i." 

College, consisting of the Archdeaconry [The remainder of the Committee'}* 

of Lothian, being the vicarage and par- report is here omitted, as the particu- 

Bonage of Currie. lars it contains will be found in the 

"The ground-annuals belonging to list of the Mortifications made to tin- 
tin- Prebendaries of the Kirk of Field, College from its origin to the, heginniii}.' 
M.I i it-tiling short of 200 pounds year, of the year 1656, inserted in-Appnidix.] 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 117 

years in London, among various legacies bestowed for 
public uses in Scotland, bequeathed to the College of 
Edinburgh, in which he had been educated, 1000 ster- 
ling, to be consigned to the Town-Council for the pur- 
pose of purchasing land to produce an annual revenue 
of 1000 marks, for maintaining eight bursars, for which 
yearly rent the Council afterwards, in October 1641, 
gave infeftment on Bonnington Mills. 

About the end of May, Alexander Wright, merchant, Wright's 
bestowed on the College for augmenting the salaries 
of the Professors, the sum of 10,000 marks; and on 
the 24th of July, Mr. Alexander Henderson, Eector, 
and Mr. Henry Eollock, one of the ministers of the 
city, having borrowed from various well-disposed citi- 
zens the sum of 21,777 pounds Scots, for the use of Donation of 
the public, and having taken a public bond for the 
money, they obtained the unanimous consent of the 
creditors that the sum should be employed for the use 
of the College, and they assigned the bond for that 
purpose accordingly. 

Immediately after this transaction, Mr. Henderson 
set out for Aberdeen, to be present at the General 
Assembly which met there on the 28th of the same 
month, and sat about ten days, and all the while with- 
out any Commissioner from the King. Principal 
Adamson was member for the University of Edin- 
burgh in that Assembly, as he had also been in the 
two preceding. Mr. Henderson, on his return, was 
appointed one of the chaplains to attend the army then 
on its march towards England. Soon after he reached 
the army he was sent back to Edinburgh, along with the 



118 HISTORY OF THE 

Earls of Kothes and London and Mr. Archibald Johnston, 
to endeavour to provide canvas for tents, and a fresh 
supply of money for the army a mission which proved 
very successful. When the King's army was defeated 
by that of the Scots at Newburn, near Newcastle, and 
a treaty was held at Kippon, October 1, Mr. Henderson 
was appointed one of the Commissioners on the part 
of the Scots ; and when the treaty was transferred to 
London, he went thither also, accompanied by three 
other ministers, who went in the character of chaplains 
to the three noblemen who were on the Commission- 
Mr. Robert Blair, Mr. Robert Baillie, and Mr. George 
Gillespie. On Sunday the 7th of November, Mr. 
Henderson and Mr. Blair preached at Darlington. 
They remained at London till June following, main- 
tained all the time at the expense of the City of 
London. 

i<wo. Meanwhile the College having again assembled in 

s ux" October after a long vacation, Mr. Alexander Hepburn 

commenced the session with the new Bej an class, while 

the other Professors proceeded with the other classes 

in the usual order. 

Mr. James Mr. James Wright, who had the charge of tin- 
Bachelor class, having received a call to be minister at 
Cockburnspath, resigned his Professorship on the 9th 
of December. The patrons, considering that two new 
Regents had been admitted in the course of the two 
preceding years, were unwilling that a third without 
experience should be elected within so short a time, 
and therefore they agreed to invite Mr. Thomas Craw- 
ford to -return from the office of Rector of the High 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 119 

School to the College, where he had formerly held the 
Professorship of Humanity. 

He was a man much respected for his talents and Mr. Thomas 

Crawford 



learning. For his encouragement they first elected 
him public Professor of the Mathematics, on the 30th of 

matics, and 

December, with an annual salary of 600 marks during ^^a* 
life ; and on the 6th of January following, he was re- piScTo? "' 
ceived as a Eegent of Philosophy in place of Mr. Wright 
Wright, and proceeded with the charge of the Bachelor 
class. 

A legacy of 600 marks having been left by James 
Dalgleish, citizen, 1 for the use of the public, the Coun- 



cil appointed that sum, together with some arrears of 
interest upon it, to go to the use of the College, for 
defraying part of the new mathematical salary. 

On the 29th of January, Mr. Kenneth Logie, keeper 
of the Library, having accepted of a call to be minister 
at Skirling, Mr. Andrew Munro, son of a burgess of 
Edinburgh, was chosen to succeed him. 

On the 15th of July, Mr. Duncan Forrester's class, iwi. 

J . . July 15. 

being the fifty-third, and twenty-eight in number, re- JJwcfci 
ceived the usual degree, after a public examination gl 
and disputation in the lower hall, held according to 
the method originally practised in the College. 

This was the very day on which the Parliament had 
met, but they agreed to conclude on nothing, but only 
to sit and prepare business till the arrival of the King. 
The General Assembly of the Church met this year at 
St. Andrews on the 20th of the same month, but by 
general consent was transferred to Edinburgh, where 

i [His legacy for the support of three bursars is noticed at p. 126.] 



120 HISTORY OF THE 

the second session was held on the 27th, when Mr. 
Alexander Henderson, newly arrived from England, 
was chosen Moderator, to whom Mr. Andrew Fairfoul, 
who had been appointed one of the representatives for 
the Presbytery of Edinburgh, had yielded his place in 
the Assembly, being chosen to sit only in Mr. Hender- 
son's absence. In this Assembly certain overtures 
concerning Universities and Colleges were agreed to 
be laid before the King and the Parliament. 1 The 
King came to Holyroodhouse on the 14th of August, 
and next day, being Sunday, he heard Mr. Henderson 
preach from Eom. xi. 36 ; and during the remainder 
of his stay in Scotland, he was very punctual in his 
conformity with the Presbyterian form of worship. 
In this Parliament the King at last granted everything 
his Presbyterian subjects could wish. Among the 
objects of Ms bounty, Mr. Henderson obtained a gift 
of the emoluments of the Dean of the Chapel-Royal, 
computed at 4000 marks per annum. On the 17th 
of November the riding of the Parliament was solemnly 
performed, and the King being seated on the throne, 
Mr. Henderson prayed, and the business of this List 
meeting being over, he concluded with a sermon. 
Next morning the King set out for London, leaving 
his Scottish subjects a most contented and happy 
people. 

Among the acts passed by this Parliament, the 
Church revenues paid formerly to the Bishops were 
ordered to be disposed of chiefly among the Univer- 
sities. The College of Edinburgh obtained the rents 

1 Sec Acts, 8vo, p. 98. See also Overt UK nuent Bursars, p. 101. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 121 

of the bishoprick and deanery of Edinburgh and. of 
Orkney, but they were found to be greatly impaired 
by former gifts. 

After the vacation of the College, Mr. Duncan For- 
rester had, in rotation, returned to the charge of a LX. 
new Bejan class, which, when matriculated on the 
20th of December, amounted to the number of eighty- 
three. Mr. Alexander Hepburn proceeded with the 
Semi, Mr. James Wiseman with the Bachelor, and 
Mr. Thomas Crawford with the Magistrand. 

The Professor of Divinity had hitherto been accus- 
tomed to communicate to his students some knowledge 
of the Hebrew tongue, by giving them a lesson once 
a week. But it being thought proper that more time 
should be allotted to that study, and that it would be 
for the advantage of the College to have a separate 
Professor of Hebrew and other Oriental languages, the 
Council gave an invitation to Julius Conradus Otto, 1642. 

' 

a foreigner, of whose skill in that department they 



Jan. 26. 



had heard a favourable report, to undertake the office. Si?o e 

fessor of 



Hebrew. 



They proposed to take a year's trial of the effect of his 
learning and labour, and to bestow upon him 1200 
marks for his support during that time. He accepted 
of the offer; and being appointed Professor of Hebrew 
and Oriental languages on the 26th of January 1642, 1 
his course of teaching for the ensuing session was 
announced by a public program. 

The College Treasurer on the 25th of February wier- s Dona- 
received 1000 marks, being a donation of Mausie 
Wier, widow of Kichard Dobie, late Dean of Guild. 

1 Town-Council Records. 



122 HISTORY OF THE 

It was employed for the support of a bursar of 
Divinity. 

On the 15th of April, an act of Council was passed 
for building a new apartment for the Library ; in 
pursuance of which that part of the fabric which now 
comprises the Museum and the Humanity class-room 
was soon after erected. 

iw2. In July 1642, Mr. Thomas Crawford brought the 
ft.u e rth ft ciass fifty-fourth class, twenty-five in number, to the 
public graduation in the lower hall of the College, 
with the usual solemnity. The Theses printed on this 
occasion are dedicated to the Earl of Loudon, Chan- 
cellor ; and as Mr. Crawford, along with his Regency, 
held also the office of public Professor of the Mathe- 
matics, he added, at the conclusion, several positions, 
under the title of " Theses Mathematicae." 

Mr. Alexander Henderson still continued to be 
Rector, and he with Principal Adamson were members 
of the General Assembly which met this year, 1642, 
at St. Andrews, on the 27th of July. 

October. Upon the meeting of the College in October, after 
i!xf n the usual vacation, Mr. Crawford, in his turn, under- 
took the charge of the new Bejan class, the number 
of which, by the Matricular of the College still pre- 
served, appears to have amounted to one hundred, on 
the 27th of January. 

Donation*. In March, Bailie John Fleming, by advice of the 
Rector and his Assessors, bestowed the sum of 4000 
marks for repairing and augmenting the College build- 
ings. At this time, too, a donation of 500 marks was 
received, which had been granted in the year 1625 



UNIVERSITY OP EDINBURGH. 123 

by Sir Eobert Denniston of Holland 1 for maintaining 
a bursar, after being liferented by Christian Gibson, 
his widow. 

This spring, 1643, Mr. Alexander Henderson, Eector, 
was one of the deputies sent to the King at Oxford, 
along with the Earl of Loudon, Warriston, and Mr. 
Barclay, to request him to call his English Parliament, 
as the best measure for obtaining peace. But the 
deputation was attended with no success. Mr. Hen- 
derson gave an account of their proceedings to the 
Commission met March 10. 2 

On the 24th of July, Mr. James Wiseman brought ms. 
the fifty-fifth class, thirty in number, to the JJ^J^ 
Master's degree in the lower hall of the College. On ^ aduated - 
this occasion, after an intermission of thirteen years, 
the ancient mode of circling the candidates according 
to their merit and proficiency, was revived, though 
not without opposition. This arrangement was made 
on the afternoon previous to the graduation in the 
upper hall, in presence of a select number of the Town- 
Council and Ministers, with the Rector and Masters 
of the College. 

The General Assembly met this year at Edinburgh 
on the 2d of August. Sir Thomas Hope, King's 
Advocate, was Commissioner, and Mr. Henderson, 
Moderator. This Assembly was distinguished by a 
reception given to Sir William Armyn, Sir Harry 
Vane junior, Mr. Hatcher, and Mr. Parley, Commis- 

1 [Sir Robert Dennistouu for thirty Greyfriars Churchyard is given in Mon- 

years Conservator of the Scots Pri- teith's Theater of Mortality, 1704.] 

vileges in the Netherlands. The in- 2 See Hume's History of England. 

scription on his monument in the near the end of chap. Ivi. 



124 HISTORY OF THE 

sioners from the English Parliament, and Mr. Stephen 
Marshall, a Presbyterian minister, and Mr. Philip 
Nye, an Independent from the Assembly of Divines 
at Westminster. With them the Assembly of this 
Church agreed upon that mutual Engagement betwixt 
the two Kingdoms, so well known by the appellation 
of the Solemn League and Covenant, which the Con- 
vention of Estates, met at the same time, sanctioned 
with their approbation, and which was afterwards 
approved of also by the English Parliament. This, 
too, was the Assembly which appointed a deputation 
of ministers and elders to meet with and to assist 
the Assembly of Divines at Westminster in their 
ecclesiastical proceedings. These deputies were Mr. 
Alexander Henderson, Mr. Kobert Douglas, Mr. Samuel 
Rutherford, Mr. Eobert Baillie, and Mr. George Gil- 
lespie, Ministers, with John Earl of Cassillis, John 
Lord Maitland, and Sir Archibald Johnston of War- 
riston, ruling elders. 

Soon after the rising of the Assembly, Lord Maitland, 
Mr. Henderson, and Mr. Gillespie, with Mr. Hatcher 
and Mr. Nye, set out for London to get the Solemn 
League and Covenant ratified there, the other Com- 
missioners remaining till it should be returned. 1 
1643 About the middle of November all the Scots Com- 
BeMkm' missioners reached London, and were introduced to 

LXII. . 

the Assembly at Westminster. 2 

In October, the classes met as usual after the vaca- 
tion, when the charge of the new Bejan class devolved 
on Mr. Wiseman, the other classes proceeding in order 

1 See Stevenson's History, p. 1093. 8 See Neall's Puritans, and Stevenson. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 125 

under their respective Professors. Mr. Wiseman's 
students at the matriculation amounted to about the 
number of eighty. 

On the 8th of July, the fifty-sixth class, educated 1644. 
under Mr. Alexander Hepburn, twenty-nine in number, 



Alexander 



were graduated in a private manner in the upper 

. 

College hall, without any examination ; and in a few 
days after, Mr. Hepburn resigned his office, and betook Jp? 
himself to a retired life. 

The supplying of the vacant office occasioned a 
violent dispute for some time. Several members of 
the Town-Council were disposed to favour the election 
of Mr. Eobert Young, who had been Professor of 
Humanity during, five years. But Sir John Smith, 
Lord Provost, with the Bailies, several of the mini- 
sters, and the Principal, with the rest of the Masters of 
the College, wishing in the present state of the Uni- 
versity to introduce a person of experience, and the 
Town-Council, who are patrons of the Church of Dum- 
barney, having agreed to present Mr. Young, who was 
esteemed an eloquent preacher, to that charge, the vacant 
Professorship of Philosophy was unanimously offered 
to Mr. William Tweedie, who had taken his degree at Tw 

Edinburgh in 1639, and had been a Professor of Philo- twenty- 

eighth Pro 

sophy in the old College of St. Andrews with great 
reputation for four years. He accepted of the offer, 
and being elected to succeed Mr. Alexander Hepburn 
on the 16th of October 1644, 1 he entered to the 
charge of the new Bejan class, and matriculated 
eighty-two students on the 18th of* December, this 

1 Town-Council Records, vol. xvi. 



Professor- 



126 HISTORY OF THE 

session being the commencement of the sixty-third session 

I X 1 1 1 

since the institution of the College. The other three 
Philosophy Kegents proceeded with the other classes 
in their order. 

Mr. Robert Mr. Eobert Young having resigned the Professor- 
ship of Humanity the same day, candidates for the 

* 

vacant office were invited by means of public pro- 
grams. The three following competitors appeared : 
Mr. James Pillans, son of a citizen of Edinburgh, Mr. 
David Kennedy, son of a writer, and Mr. William 
Crawford, of the family of Fetherhead, in Buchan. 
The strict method of examination ad aperturam libri 
in Latin and Greek authors was adopted, and the 
Nov 8 judges having decided in favour of Mr. Pillans, Prin- 
pmanT es cipal Adamson appeared in the Town-Council on the 



8th of November, and declared him to be the candi- 

date duly elected. The Council admitted the election 

only during pleasure. 1 

Dai icish-s ^^ s y ear ' J ames Dalgleisli, formerly mentioned, 
Kirs. bequeathed to the College 4000 marks for the main- 

tenance of three bursars. 

In December, Margaret Richardson, widow of Mr. 

Margaret 

John Galloway, paid into the hands of the College 
Treasurer 500 pounds for the benefit of the College. 

^^ William Struthers, minister of Edinburgh, had, 
onation. b e f ore j^ death m 1633> bestowed a donation of 6000 
marks to be divided equally betwixt the Colleges of 
Glasgow and Edinburgh, for maintaining two students 



'Town-Council Records, vol. xvi. William Crawford minister of . 

[ M i . David Kennedy afterwards became in the Meree. Crawford's History of 
minister of Birsay in Orkney, and Mr. the University of Edinburgh, p. 149.1 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 127 

of Divinity in each, reserving the liferent to his wife 
Elizabeth Robertson, who died in 1641 ; but his will 
and other documents respecting this gift, came not 
into the hands of the College Treasurer till this year, 
1644. 

This year James Barnes, merchant, was elected 
College Treasurer in place of John Jossie, now pre- 
ferred to be Treasurer for the City. Jossie had acted 
in the former capacity for upwards of four years and 
a half, during which time his services were of the ut- 
most advantage to the College. His great diligence, 
activity, and zeal, were encouraged and supported by 
the Town-Council, and by the ministers of the City, 
particularly Mr. Alexander Henderson, who still con- 
tinued to hold the office of Rector. This eminent 
man, who was distinguished for his own literary attain- 
ments, was zealous in promoting the cause of learning ; 
and though the important services which he was called 
to perform both for the Church and State, in those 
perilous times in which he lived, particularly during 
his various missions to England, demanded a great 
share of his attention, yet he omitted no opportunity 
of consulting the interest and the credit of the Semi- 
nary in which he bore so high a rank. At this time 
he was attending the Assembly of Divines at West- 
minster, as one of the Commissioners from the General 
Assembly of the Church of Scotland. It was chiefly 
through his influence and persuasion that the revenue 
of the College and its fabric received so many additions 
about this time. The sums which were contributed for 
the increase of the buildings, John Jossie had the merit 



128 HISTORY OF THE 

of seeing faithfully applied to the purpose ; and when 
the money was all expended, that respectable citizen, 
who well deserves to be commemorated among the bene- 
factors of the College of Edinburgh, made very consider- 
able additions to the work at his own private expense. 
He built, in particular, the chamber over the old 
College gate which fronted the lane leading to the 
Cowgate, called the College Wynd ; and his example 
was followed, first by John Trotter and Robert Ellis, 
two of his fellow-citizens, and by Robert Fleming and 
Lawrence Henderson, two of the bailies, aided by 
George Suttie, Dean of Guild. William Thomson 
also, the Town-Clerk, and James Murray, added each 
of them a chamber, all of which additions were situ- 
ated where the Anatomical Theatre and Museum 
now stand. Those which composed the old corner, 
near the top of the lane called the Horse Wynd, were 
erected out of a legacy bequeathed by Dr. Robert 
Johnston, a munificent donor, formerly mentioned, 
and which had been procured by Mr. Jossie's means. 
But the most important part of the buildings which he 
promoted and superintended was the new apartment 
for the Library, 1 consisting of an arched sunk storey and 
a principal floor, with a leaden roof, in a direction from 
west to east, immediately within the line of the pre- 
sent new building, beginning near the centre lobby 



i This room, in length about feet, part of the \\.-t end allotted for the 
and in breadth about , after bring Humanity Class. The two rooms abore, 
I'nM the Library, and then a printing composing tin- Natural Philosophy 
oflirr, ig now (until one grander and Class, and the additional Library, were 
mrr commodious be erected on the reared not many years ago, ;m.l tin- 
south front of the new building) the old leaden roof th.-n disposed of. 
Museum for Natural History, with a 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 129 

of the great quadrangle on the north, and extending 
along so far as the eastern wall of the intended 
new Chemical Laboratory. This was commenced in 
the year 1642, in consequence of a legacy of 4000 
marks bequeathed by Bailie John Fleming, and a 
donation put into the hands of Mr. Robert Douglas, 
one of the ministers of Edinburgh, by a pious matron, 
Margaret Shoner, Lady Forret, for some public work, 
and by him employed for this purpose. 

But the progress of the buildings was now inter- 
rupted, not only by the great expense incurred, but by 
the disasters which befell the kingdom. The Earl of 
Montrose, who at first had warmly supported the 
Covenant, was afterwards gained by the King's caresses 
to espouse the royal cause. In the preceding year he 
went to the court at Oxford, after the Scots army had 
entered England, in order to assist the Parliament of 
that kingdom ; and he secretly obtained from the King 
a commission to be Captain-General of Scotland. 
Upon making his appearance in the neighbourhood of 
the Western Isles, he was joined by the M 'Donalds, 
and by some desperate Irishmen who were assembled 
there. After this, the progress of Montrose and his 
victories over the Covenanters, are well known. On 
the 1st of September, at Tippermuir, near Perth, he 
defeated a body of troops from Fife with those of Exploits of 

Montrose. 

Strathearn, assembled in a tumultuary manner, under 
the command of the Earl of Wemyss. Soon after he 
was equally successful Dear Aberdeen, exercising 
hostilities wherever he went against all who stood for 
the League and Covenant, 

i 



130 HISTORY OF THE 

In addition to these distresses, the plague had be- 
gun to make its appearance in the City of Edinburgh 
in the month of October. But as the infection at first 
spread slowly, the meeting of the College, after the 
vacation, had not thereby been prevented. 
1645. The General Assembly, which met this year in the 
month of January, without a Commissioner, amidst 
the urgency of their affairs were not inattentive to the 
advancement of learning, but on the 7th of February 
passed into an act some Overtures on that subject. 

" OVERTURES FOR ADVANCEMENT OF LEARNING, AND GOOD ORDER 
IN GRAMMAR SCHOOLS AND COLLEDGES. 

" I. That every Grammar School be visited twice in the year by 
Visitors, to bee appointed by the Presbytery and Kirk-Session in 
Landward Parishes, and by the Town-Council in Burghs, with their 
Ministers ; and where Universities are, by the Universities, with 
consent always of the patrons of the School, that both the fidelity 
and diligence of the Masters, and the proficiency of the Scholars in 
Pietie and Learning may appear, and deficiency censured accordingly ; 
And that the Visitors see that the Masters be not distracted by 
any other employments, which may divert them from their diligent 
'attendance. 

" II. That for the remedy of the great decay of Poesie, and of 
ability to make verse, and in respect of the common ignorance of 
Prosody, no School Master be admitted to teach a Grammar School, 
in Burghs or other considerable Parishes, but such as, after exami- 
nation, shall be found skilful in the Latin tongue, not only for prose, 
but also for verse : And that, after other trials to be made by the 
Ministers, and others depute by the Session, town, and parish for 
this effect, that he be also approveu by the Presbytery. 

" III. That neither the Greek Language, nor Logic, nor any part 
of Philosophy be taught in any Grammar School, or private place 
within this Kingdom to young Scholars, who thereafter are to enter 
to any College, unices it be for a preparation to their entry tlinv : 
And notwithstanding of any progress, any may pretend to have made 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 131 

privately in these studies ; yet in the College he shall not enter to 
any higher class, than that wherein the Greek language is taught, 
and, being entered, shall proceed orderly through the rest of the 
Classes, until he finish the ordinary course of four years : Unless, after 
due trial and examination, he be found equal in learning to the best, 
or most part of that class to which he desires to ascend, by over- 
leaping a mid-class, or to the best, or most part of those who are to 
be graduat, if he supplicate to obtain any degree before the ordi- 
nary time. And also, That there be found other pregnant reasons to 
move the Faculty of Arts to condescend thereto \ and otherwise, 
that he be not admitted to the Degree of Master of Arts. 

" IIII. That none be admitted to enter a Student of the Greek 
tongue in any College, unless, after trial, he be found able to make 
a congruous theme in Latin ; or at least, being admonished of his 
error, can readily shew how to correct the same. 

" V. That none be promoved from an inferior Class of the ordinary 
course to a superior, unless he be found worthy, and to have suffi- 
ciently profited : otherwise, that he be ordained not to ascend with 
his con-disciples, and, if he be a bursar, that he lose his burse. And, 
namely, it is to be required, That those who are taught in Aristotle, 
be found well instructed in his Text, and be able to repeat in Greek, 
and understand his whole definitions, divisions, and principal pre- 
cepts, so far as they have proceeded. 

" VI. Because it is a disgrace to Learning, and hindrance to trades 
and other callings, and an abuse hurtful to the Public, that such as 
are ignorant and unworthy, be honoured with a Degree or public 
testimony of learning ; That, therefore, such trial be taken of 
students, specially of Magistrands, that those who are found un- 
worthy, be not admitted to the Degree and honour of Masters. 

"VII. That none who have entered to one College for trial or study, 
be admitted to another College without the testimonial of the Masters 
of that College wherein he entered first, both concerning his literature 
and dutiful behaviour, so long as he remained there : at least, until the 
Masters of that College from whence he cometh, be timely advertised, 
that they may declare if they have anything lawfully to be objected 
in the contrary. And that none be admitted, promoved, or receive 
Degree in any College, who was rejected in another College for his 
unfitness and un worthiness, or any other cause repugnant to good 
order ; who leaves the College where he was for eschewing of cen- 



132 HISTORY OF THE 

sure, or chastising for any fault committed by him ; or who leaves the 
College because he was chastised, or for any other grudge or unjust 
quarrel against his Masters. 

" VIII. That none of those who may be lawfully received in one 
College, after he was in another, be admitted to any other class, but 
to that wherein he was, or should have been, in the College from 
whence he came, except upon reasons mentioned in the third article 
preceding. 

" IX. That, at the time of every General Assembly, the Com- 
missioners directed thereto, from all the Universities of this Kingdom, 
meet and consult together, for the establishment and advancement 
of piety, learning, and good order in the Schools and Universities, 
and be careful that a correspondence be kept among the Universities, 
and, so far as is possible, an Uniformity in doctrine and good order. 

" The General Assembly, after serious consideration of the Over- 
tures and Articles above written, Approves the same, and Ordains 
them to be observed, and to have the strength of an Act and 
Ordinance of Assembly in all time coming.'' l 

1W5. In February 1645, a legacy of 1250 pounds be- 

Legary. queathed by the late Bailie Andrew Ainslie, for aug- 

menting the stipend of the Professor of Divinity, was 

delivered by his widow Marion Wilkie to James 

Barnes the College Treasurer. 

Ai.ni 15. The violence of the plague increased in the spring 
suc ^ a Degree as obliged the College to terminate 



the session much earlier than usual. On the 15th 
of April the fifty-seventh class, under Mr. Duncan 
Forrester, obtained the Master's degree, after a solemn 
disputation in the great hall. On this occasion there 
were sixty-six graduates, the greatest number hitherto 
known in any of the Colleges of Scotland. 
p.,rtr H.,,,.1 During the summer the plague was fatal to two 
worthy citizens, William Porter, merchant, and 

1 Printed Acts of the General Assembly. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 133 

Thomas Dods, plumber, both of whom had bequeathed 
to the College 100 marks for continuing the building. 
The College Treasurer received the legacy of the for- 
mer the ensuing year, and that of the latter in the end 
of the year 1647. 

Montrose, now a Marquis, continued to be success- 
ful in the North, having defeated the Parliament's 
forces at Inverlochie, Auldearn, and Alford ; and hav- 
ing afterwards joined with the Gordons, he obtained 
that remarkable victory at Kilsyth, on the 15th of 
August, which seemed to demolish all that the Cove- 
nanters had done for eight years, and to give a new 
turn to the King's affairs in both kingdoms. 1 But his 
triumph was of short duration. Lieutenant-General 
David Leslie, then in England, was invited into Scot- 
land by the Committee of Estates, and having, with 
the utmost despatch, united a body of Scots cavalry 
under his command with the few forces in Scotland 
who were ready to support him, he surprised Montrose 
at Philiphaugh, in the Forrest, on the 13th of Sep- 
tember, routed him after a gallant resistance, and 
forced him to fly with precipitation to the mountains. 

In October, the usual time for assembling the 
College, the violence of the plague had greatly abated ; 
but the Professors did not meet till the beginning of 
November, and as it was not thought advisable even i45. 

Nov. 19. 

then to convene the students in Edinburgh, it was 
determined in the Town-Council, on the 19th of that 
month, that the College for that winter should retire Plague 
to the town of Linlithgow. 

1 See Hume's History of England, chap. Iviii. 



of the 



134 HISTORY OF THE 

Notice of this resolution being publicly intimated, 
the Principal and five Regents met there in the be- 
i45. ginning of December ; and five aisles in the great 
Church being fitted up, under the inspection of the 
College Treasurer, for the reception of the Humanity 
and four Philosophy classes, a considerable number 
of students immediately resorted thither. The Magis- 
trates and citizens of Linlithgow treated them with 
great kindness and hospitality ; and the students pro- 
secuted their studies in that place for some months 
without fear from the plague, and unmolested by the 
hostilities which still divided the nation ; Mr. Duncan 
Forrester having the charge of the Bejan class, Mr. 
William Tweedie the Semi, Mr. James Wiseman the 
Bachelor, and Mr. Thomas Crawford the Magistrand, 
Mr. James Pillans being Professor of Humanity. 
i<M6. After repeated deliberation by the Town-Council, 
nium^from *ke College was at length permitted, about the end 
of April, to return to Edinburgh, where the students 
resumed their studies in the usual manner to the end 
of the session. 

Meanwhile, Mr. Andrew Monro, keeper of the Lib- 
rary, being infected by the plague, retired to Perth, 
where he died of that malady. In the absence of the 
College and of the Rector, who was still in London, 
attending the Assembly of Divines at Westminster, a 
difference arose in the Town-Council about the nomi- 
nation of a new Librarian. Mr. Thomas Speir, son of 
a respectable burgess of Edinburgh, was thought by 
many to have a good claim ii|nn that office, lie had 
taken the Master's degree at the preceding graduation. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 135 

was grandson to William Little, late Lord Provost of 
the city, and grand-nephew to Mr. Clement Little, 
Commissary of Edinburgh, who had given the first 
beginning to the Library. On the other hand, George 
Suttie, Dean of Guild, with all his interest, supported 
his nephew, Mr. Andrew Suttie, a promising young 
man, born at Forfar, and who had taken his degree in 
the old College of St. Andrews, also in the year 1644. 
To avoid all further contest the friends of the candi- Mr. 
dates, on the 3d of April, 1 compromised the matter, by 



allowing them to hold the office in conjunction, with 

. . place of Mr. 

an annual salary of 300 marks each, in lieu of 400 ^^ de 
which had been enjoyed by their predecessor. But ce 
this joint appointment was soon terminated by the 
lamented death of Mr. Speir, which left Mr. Andrew Mr. Andrew 

Suttie sole 

Suttie sole Librarian, with the former pension of 400 Librarian. 
marks. 

On the 1st of May, the Town-Council resolved that iwe. 

J f Mayl. 

the new room for the Library should be completed JJ^JJJ^ 
without delay ; and on the 26th of June a bond was co 
granted by Helen Syme, widow of David Graham, 
merchant, for 7000 marks, which her late husband g r ^ a r m ' s 
had bequeathed for the use of the College by advice 
of Mr. Alexander Henderson, the Kector, and Mr. 
Robert Douglas, another minister of the City ; which 
sum was paid to the College Treasurer on the 17th of 
November the ensuing year. About this time also a 
considerable donation was bestowed on the College by Buchanan's 

* donation. 

Sir John Buchanan of Buchanan. 

On the 30th of July, the fifty-eighth class, educated 

1 Town-Ccnmcil Records of that dale. 



136 HISTORY OF THE 

ju?8o unc ^ er Mr. Thomas Crawford, forty-six in number, after 
dghtfenss public trial and solemn disputation, were graduated in 
the lower hall of the College. The printed Theses 
on this occasion are dedicated to Sir John Smith, 
Lord Provost, and the other members of the Town- 
Council. 

The General Assembly, which had met this year on 
the 3d of June, received a letter from the King, with 
an excuse for not sending a Commissioner ; at the 
same time, he assured them of his resolution to main- 
tain religion in Scotland as there established, and 
recommended himself and the distracted state of his 
kingdoms to their prayers. To this letter the Assem- 
bly, on the 18th of June, prepared a short answer ; 
and ordered Mr. Kobert Blair, their Moderator, with 
Mr. Alexander Henderson (who had already been sent 
down from London to the King), and several other 
ministers, to wait on his Majesty with this answer, 
and to present their desires more explicitly than could 
at that time be expressed in a letter. The King being 
then with the Scots army at Newcastle, Mr. Henderson 
was already there, and engaged with his Majesty in 
that famous controversy respecting Episcopacy and 
Presbytery, maintained between them by an alternate 
exchange of papers, which, as they have been fre- 
quently printed, are still extant. The King's first 
paper is dnted the LMitli of AInv. ,-nnl the hist, the :'.<! 
and the 16th of July. On this ore.-ision the abilities 
of Charles appear in a very respectable point of view, 
and the favourers of Prelacy did not fail to boast tli.ii 
his Majesty had evidently gained the superiority over 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 137 

his antagonist. On the other hand, the Presbyterians 
contended that as their champion drew all his argu- 
ments from Holy Writ, while the King's authorities 
were taken from the Fathers, who were fallible men, 
and in many instances grossly erroneous, any victory 
gained by the King over the arguments of his Pres- 
byterian chaplain must have been a triumph over the 
Word of God. The truth is, that Mr. Henderson's 
constitution was by this time greatly enfeebled, inso- 
much that he was under the necessity of leaving 
unfinished his answer to the King's last paper, and of 
returning to his native country, where he died on the 
19th of August 1646, in the sixty-third year of his 

TT i n 

age. He was by far the most eminent of all the 
Scots Presbyterian Ministers who flourished during 
the troublesome period in which he lived ; and their 
cause suffered an irreparable loss by his death. 1 He 
had borne the office of Eector of the University of 
Edinburgh with great lustre about six years, and he 
never omitted any opportunity of consulting the in- 
terest and prosperity of that Society. He was a great 
benefactor also of the University of St. Andrews, where 
he had received his education. 2 

The patrons seem to have had in view the estab- 
lishment of a public table within the College, for the 
Professors and such of the students as might choose 



1 See Baillie's Letters, vol. ii. p. 327. Clarendon ; Burnet ; Advocates Lib- 

2 See inscription for his monument, rary Catalogue, Art. Henderson. [For 
Maitland's History of Edinburgh, p. the inscription see Monteith's Thea- 
194 ; Acts of Assembly, August 7, ter of Mortality, 1704 ; Bower (Hist. 
1648 ; Papers which passed betwixt the Univ. vol. i. p. 194) observes, that the 
King and him at Newcastle, in King copy as given by Maitland is incorrect 
Charles the First's Works ; Whitlocke ; in several places.] 



Henderson 






138 HISTORY OF THE 

to avail themselves of an economical institution of 
that kind. But as this had not yet taken place, and 
indeed being a plan which never seems to have been 
adopted, the Town Council, in the meantime, on the 
llth of September this year, resolved to allow each 
of the Kegents one hundred pounds, as an addition to 
his subsistence. 

1646. On the 30th of the same month, Patrick Adam was 
Patrick chosen Janitor of the College, in place of James 

Adam chosen 

Marshall, lately deceased. 

October. The College having met in October, Mr. Thomas 
LXV. Crawford had the charge of the new Bejan class, 
amounting at the matriculation to eighty-six students, 
while Mr. Duncan Forrester proceeded with the Semi, 
Mr. William Tweedie with the Bachelor, and Mr. James 
Wiseman with the Magistrand classes. 

The Town -Council having resolved to continue the 
office of Rector, which had been held with great ad- 
vantage to the College by the late Mr. Henderson, 
Nov 4 did, on the 4th of November, elect in his place, for 
RUBMJ k the ensuing year, Mr. Andrew Ramsay, oldest minister 

elected Rec- 6 J J 

ear. ^ tne ^f > tn6 samc wno bad enjoyed the dignity of 
Rector originally, in conjunction with the Professor- 
ship of Divinity, from the year 1620 to the year 1626, 
when he resigned both offices, upon being appointed to 
the sole charge of one of the four parishes, into which 
the City of Edinburgh, from being all in one, was then 
newly divided. He had acted a distinguished ]art 
among the Covenanters, and in particular, had been 
twice Moderator of the General Assembly. As Rector, 
he had the same number of Assess, .is with his inline- 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 139 

diate predecessor, and a copy of the same instructions 
was delivered to him. 

A meeting was held within the College on the 12th 
of April 1647, consisting of two of the Bailies, the 
Dean of Guild, Treasurer, four merchant Councillors, 
three Deacons, Mr. Andrew Ramsay, Eector, Mr. 
Robert Douglas, Mr. William Colvill, Mr. Robert 
Laurie, ministers, Mr. John Adamson, Primar, Dr. 
John Sharp, Professor of Divinity, and Mr. George 
Jollie, College Treasurer, when certain salutary regula- 
tions for the conduct of the students were enacted. 

On the 22d of July, after solemn trial and dis- 1647. 

July 22. 

putation, in the usual manner, in the public hall J 






of the College, the fifty-ninth class, being in number ^ 
thirty, educated under Mr. Wiseman, received the 
degree of M.A. 

Among the overtures for the advancement of learn- 
ing, approved, and enacted by the General Assembly, 
1645, 1 it was ordained, that, in the time of every 
General Assembly, the Commissioners delegated thither 
from the Universities, should meet and consult for 
the establishment and advancement of piety, learning, 
and good order in the Schools and Universities, and 
be careful that a correspondence be kept among the 
Universities ; and, so far as is possible, a uniformity in 
doctrine and good order. Several overtures also were 
approved of, and ordained by the same Assembly to be 
observed for the future, respecting Divinity bursars to 
be maintained at the Universities by the different Pres- 
byteries. The General Assembly, 1646, recommended 

1 Acts, etc. Session xiv. February 7. 



140 HISTORY OF THE 

to all the Universities to propose the best overtures for 
the most successful method of teaching Grammar and 
Philosophy, to be laid before the ensuing Assembly ; 
and for keeping the Universities pure, and exciting the 
Professors of Divinity to greater diligence, they are 
desired to present to the ensuing Assembly their dic- 
tates of Divinity ; but that part of the overture requir- 
ing each Professor in the Universities to bring with 
him, or send to the General Assembly, a perfect and 
fair copy of his dictates, to be revised by the Assembly 
or their Committee, is ordered to remain under con- 
sideration till the ensuing Assembly. 

In the Assembly, 1647, where Mr. Eobert Douglas 
was Moderator, that famous Confession of Faith com- 
posed by the Assembly of Divines at Westminster, 
with the assistance of Commissioners from the Church 
of Scotland, received the approbation of the Assembly. 
It had been previously laid before the Commission of 
the preceding Assembly, and copies transmitted by 
them to the several Presbyteries of the Church for 
their consideration. Mr. Robert Baillie, Professor of 
Divinity, and afterwards Principal of Glasgow College, 
one of the Commissioners, had been allowed to come 
from London to attend the Commission and the 
General Assembly. He brought along with him the 
Confession of Faith, delivered it to the Commission, 
and now also laid it before the (Inn-nil Assembly. 
On this occasion, that modest, learned, and accom- 
plished man made a short and veiy appropriate speech. 
in which he reported the progress <t tin- Westminster 
Assembly in the great \\<>ik <f ,i plan of uniformity of 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 141 

religion in the three kingdoms, and concluded with a 
pathetic encomium on his excellent colleague, Mr. 
Alexander Henderson, lately dead. This system is 
still the principal standard of the Church of Scotland 
next to the Holy Scriptures ; and being since ratified 
in the Articles of Union between the two kingdoms, 
must maintain its authority as long as the Presbyterian 
Church Government established by law remains in 
Scotland. No person can legally hold an office in any 
of the Universities who, when judicially required, re- 
fuses to subscribe this Confession. The Larger and 
Shorter Catechisms were not produced, nor approved, 
till the next Assembly. 

In consequence of the enactment of the General IM. 
Assembly, 1645, Commissioners from the different "' 

J ' 

Universities met at Edinburgh on the 28th of August, 
and continued their meetings on the 30th and 31st of 
the same month. Having entered upon the consider 
ation of several circumstances relative to the internal 
discipline and methods of instruction in their respec- 
tive societies, and made several remarks and proposals 
on these subjects, they ordered their Clerk to com- 
municate a copy of the account of their proceedings 
to each University, and adjourned their meetings till 
another year. 

The following is a copy of the Minutes of the pro- 
ceedings of the Commissioners : 

" August 28, 1647. 

" Convened in the Lower Council-House these Commissioners 
from the Universities as follows : Masters Andrew Ramsay, John 
Adamson, John Strang, Alexander Colvill, Robert Blair, Robert 



from all the 



142 HISTORY OF THE 

Baillie, William Douglas, to consult about the affairs of the Univer- 
sities. 

" 1. Mr. Andrew Ramsay is chosen Moderator, and Mr. William 
Douglas, Clerk. 

" 2. It is agreed that there should be a register of the conclu- 
sions of our meetings, whereof there shall be four copies, one for each 
University. 

" 3. That our conclusions be communicated to every University, 
to the end that their Commissioners may come instructed to the next 
meeting, with power to ratify them in name of their University. 

" 4. We did find that the Acts of the Assembly 1645, anent the 
advancement of learning and students of Divinity, were generally 
neglected ; for remedy whereof, we opponed that the General 
Assembly should recommend the visitation of schools, and the send- 
ing forth of bursars of Divinity from the several Presbyteries ; and 
to appoint an account to be craved of the visitors of the Provincial 
books, anent the observation of these acts in time to come. 

" 5. Also, because a great part of the neglect doth lie upon the 
Universities themselves, we do think meet that the Commissioners, 
in name of the meeting, do entreat every one their own University 
to be more careful in the observance of these acts in time coming. 

" 6. We find it necessary that the Assembly be entreated to 
recommend to their Commissioners, who shall attend the next 
Parliament, to petition the Parliament's ratification of those acts for 
bursars of Divinity. 

"7. It was thought expedient, after the Parliament's ratification, 
to urge, if ministers might be moved to entertain at their own charges 
some bursars of Divinity, if it were only by contributing one mark 
of the hundred of their stipends yearly. 

" 8. It was found expedient to communicate to the General 
Assembly no more of our University affairs but such as concerned 
religion, or that had some evident ecclesiastic relation. 

" 9. Our next meeting to be on Monday morning in this same 
place." 



" Convened in the Lower Council-House of Edinburgh, Masters 
Andrew Ramsay, John Adamson, John Strang, Robert Blair, Zadi.ny 
Boyd, Robert Baillie, and William Douglas. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 143 

" ANENT TEACHING OF GRAMMAR. 

" 1. We find it necessary that the rudiments be taught in English, 
as they are now extant. 

" 2. We desire that the ' Leges Scholse et Academice Edinburgense' 
be now given or sent to the other three Universities, to be thought 
upon. 

" 3. We find it necessary that Despauterius be interpolated ; and 
all the Universities recommend the care thereof to Mr. Thomas 
Crawford ; and the Primar is, in their name, to intimate the same 
to him. 

" 4. It is thought upon if 'Vossii Partitiones Oratories' be not fit 
to be taught. 

"5. It is thought fit that select parts of poets be taught to 
scholars, namely, such as are free of obscenity. 

" ANENT THE TEACHING OF PHILOSOPHY. 

" 1 . That every student subscribe the National Covenant, with the 
League and Covenant, upon some set day, after the same is explained 
in English by the Principals and the Logical Professors, besides that 
explanation which private masters give of it. 

"2. It is found necessary that there be a ' Cursus Philosophicus ' 
drawn up by the four Universities, and printed, to the end that the 
unprofitable and noxious pains in writing be shunned ; and that each 
University contribute their travails thereto. And it is to be thought 
upon against the month of March ensuing, viz. that St. Andrews 
take the Metaphysics ; that Glasgow take the Logics ; Aberdeen the 
Ethics and Mathematics ; and Edinburgh the Physics. 

" 3. It is thought that what is found behoveful for the improving 
of learning in schools and colleges be represented to the Parliament 
in March next. 

" 4. That the Commissioners that come next from the Universi- 
ties, either to the Commission of the Kirk, Parliament, or Assembly, 
come instructed to show what course is taken with the students on 
the Lord's day, viz., what account is taken of their ' Lectiones Sacrse,' 
and of the Sermons they have heard on the Lord's day. 

" 5. It is thought that when students are examined publicly on 
the ' Black-staine,' before Lammas, and after their return at Michael- 
mas, that they be examined in some questions of the Catechism. 



144 



HISTORY OF THE 



" 6. That every University provide some good overtures, against 
the month of March, aneut the speedy prosecution of the intended 
* Cursus Philosophicus,' and, amongst others of Philosophy, such as 
Crassotus, Reas, Burgerdicius, Ariaga, Oviedo, etc. 

"ANENT TEACHING OF DIVINITY. 

" 1. That every Commissioner that comes to the Commission or 
Parliament in March from Universities, bring with them the order 
and form of Divinity Professors their teaching ; as also, they are to 
show what order their schools keep, that further consideration be 
thereof taken by common consent. 

" '2. That the visitations of the Universities be required from the 
Assembly and Parliament ; that is, that they renew their last Com- 
missions. 

" 3. It is ordained that the Clerk give a copy of the prvemissis to 
each University. 

" Sic subscribitur, 

" MR. WILLIAM 



October. 



Mr. 

Ivnii Vm 
iS!!S3 e ' 



In October the sixty-sixth session commenced, when 
Mr. James Wiseman assembled a new Bejan class, and 
on the 7th of the ensuing January he matriculated 
sixty-one students. 

About this time Mr. William Tweedie seems to have 
[Mr. resigned his Regency, and accepted a call to be minister 
of Slamannan in the presbytery of Linlithgow. Upon 
this, Mr. Andrew Suttie, keeper of the Library, h;i\ 
ing been substituted in his place, succeeded to the 
charge of the Magistrand class this session," while 



i Folio MS. volume belonging to the 
College of Edinburgh. See also In- 
structions to the Glasgow Commis- 
foMnjMMfthc Church of Scotland. 
liaillie'H MSB. vol. iv. p..tft. 

* The pn-i-iM- dates of Mr. Tweedie's 
](--iu;iiatinii and d' Mr. Suttir's election 
F have nut been able to ascertain. 



IVrliujis a more diligent search in the 
Town -Council Records, il it were 
thought of any importance, might dis- 
cover them. [Mr. Andrew Suttic, 
k,,-].er of the Library, WM- !.< t.d 
Regent <(' I'liilo-xijiliy in phir.- ..| 
Mr. William Twin-die resigned, 1'itli 
October MI7. Cuum-il Ki-cord>, vol. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 145 

Mr. Thomas Crawford carried forward the Semi, and 
Mr. Duncan Forrester the Bachelor classes. 

The Lord Provost of the City, attended by the same 
persons who had met in the College in the preceding 

. , others, visits 

April, held another meeting there on the 6th of Decem- the College. 
ber, where several regulations respecting both Masters 
and students were enacted. At the same time, Mr. 
Thomas Crawford, as public Professor of Mathematics, 
delivered in an account of the method practised by 
him in teaching that science. And on the 27th of the 
same month, Mr. Andrew Kamsay was re-elected Mr. Andrew 

Ramsay 

Rector for the ensuing year, with the usual Council %$* 
of Assessors. 

On the 23d of June 1648, the Town-Council made IMS. 

June 23. 

choice of Dr. Alexander Colvill, Professor of Divinity J e r - ^j l - 
at St. Andrews, to hold the same office in the College fessor n of <J 

Divinity, but 

of Edinburgh, in place of Dr. John Sharp lately de- ^S". 
ceased ; and a deputation was sent to him to announce 
his election. 1 He expressed his willingness to accept 
of the charge, and his colleagues consented to part 

xvi. fol. 216.] About ten years after- the students without the usual form of 

wards, that is on the 5th of August trial, immediately substituted the Lib- 

1657, we find Mr. William Tweedie rarian in his place. In Crawford's 

elected a Regent in place of Mr. Wil- History of the University of Edinburgh, 

liam Forbes deceased ; and he was then Mr. William Tweedie, the first chosen 

minister at Slamannan-nmir. The Regent of that name, is said to have 

terms of this election, which are rather taken his degree in the year 1639, un- 

singular, are specified in the Town- der which date that name still appears 

Council Records. It is there stipula- in the graduation book ; by comparing 

ted, that, at the end of a course, he is which with another subscription of 

not to commence another without un- William Tweedie, which appears in the 

dertaking to finish it, and must give a fifteenth page of the book containing 

quarter of a year's notice before he re- the laws of the Library, and where he 

move. From this it may be inferred, subscribes as a Regent in the year 1662, 

that he had formerly abandoned his such a similarity appears as leaves little 

office somewhat precipitately, probably room to doubt of their being the sigua- 

iu the time of a session, and that the tures of the same person, 

patrons, to prevent the dissipation of ] Town-Council Records of that date. 



140 HISTORY OF THE 

with him ; but the General Assembly, who managed 
matters of tins kind, in the case of ministers, as they 
pleased, passed an Act refusing to translate Dr. Colvill 
to the College of Edinburgh. 1 

The King's fate in England was now drawing to- 
wards a close, and in Scotland the whole country was 
in a state of violent agitation. This was chiefly occa- 
sioned by the secret "Engagement" for arming Scotland 
in the King's behalf, which the Earls of Loudon, 
Lauderdale, and Lanark, had formed with that unfor- 
tunate monarch, when they attended him in the Isle 
of Wight, along with the Commissioners from the 
English Parliament. When the Articles of this Treaty 
were divulged in Scotland, and it was found that it 
imposed no obligation on the King for signing the 
Covenant, the rigid Presbyterians, supported by the 
Marquis of Argyll and Johnston of Warriston, were 
highly exasperated, being determined that the King 
should be restored on no other terms than those of 
the Covenant. The more moderate Presbyterians 
wished to reconcile the interests of Keligion and of 
the Crown, and, by supporting the Presbyterian party 
in England, to suppress the Sectarian army, and to 
restore the English Parliament, as well as the King, to 
their just freedom and authority. The avowed Roy- 



1 Index to unprinted Acts of Assem- nant." In the Appendix to Spottis- 

bly 1648, Session 29. Baillie's printed wood's Hist. (p. 20), it is said, that he 

Letters (vol. ii. p. 308), where it is had been formerly a Professor at Sedan ; 

said "that the private respects of a that he was learned in the Hebrew; a 

very few made him to be fixed to his great textuary, and well seen in Divi- 

Htation." See also p. 342, where it is nity ; and that he died about the year 

said, that Dr. Alexander Colvill would 1664. 

n..t l.o nivi-n to the College of Edin- On the 5th July 1648, Gideon I.ith- 

bi-intr " ;i man dcmi - nmli^r- pow was elected Printer to the College. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 147 

alists were for re-instating the King, without any 
limitation or restriction. Of these three parties, the. 
first had the greatest ascendency over the people. 
The Parliament of Scotland had indeed sanctioned 
the Engagement, but the Commission of the General 
Assembly of the Church had declared it to be illegal. 
Many of the ministers successfully exerted their in- 
terest with the people to obstruct the levies ; and the 
Marquis of Hamilton, who had the principal hand 
in the Engagement, was under the necessity of march- 
ing into England with a raw and deficient force. His 
design evidently was, not to fulfil the Covenant, but 
to co-operate with the Eoyalists in restoring the King 
unconditionally to the exercise of his former power. 
But this expedition, conducted as it was by Hamilton 
with timidity and irresolution, proved entirely un- 
successful. Though the army was superior in number 
to Cromwell's, it was forced to yield to that victorious 
general. The Duke of Hamilton himself was taken 
prisoner, and soon after, by the title of Earl of 
Cambridge in England, doomed to suffer on the 
scaffold. 

The General Assembly, which met at Edinburgh on 
the 12th of July, highly approved of the conduct of 
the Commission. They discovered the same hostility 
to the Engagement, and proceeded with great rigour 
against all those within their jurisdiction who either 
approved of it or did not condemn it. They did not 
think a Declaration which had been published by the 
Commission sufficient, but emitted a new one of their 
own, entitled, " A Declaration concerning the present 



148 HISTORY OF THE 

Dangers of Religion, especially the unlawful engage- 
ment in war against the Kingdom of England ; to- 
gether with many necessary exhortations and directions 
to all the Members of the Kirk of Scotland/' And 
they passed likewise an " Act for censuring ministers 
for their silence, and not speaking to the corruptions 
of the time." 1 The advanced age of the venerable Mr. 
Andrew Ramsay, formerly Professor of Divinity, and 
now the third time Rector of the University of Edin- 
burgh, and the respectable abilities of Mr. William 
Colvill, who was afterwards thought worthy to be 
Principal of the same seminary, did not protect them 
on this occasion. Having been convicted either of 
negligence in condemning, or of avowedly favouring 
the obnoxious Engagement, the censure of suspension 
was inflicted on them by this Assembly, and that of 
deposition by the next. 2 

This Assembly passed also an Act ordaining the 
Covenant to be taken at the first receiving of the 
sacrament of the Lord's Supper, and that it should be 

i See printed Acts of Assembly, 1648. for defrauding the souls of people, \ .1. 

In this Act it is recommended to the for being highly guilty of the blood of 

Presbyteries and Synods to make special souls, in not giving them warnin- : 

inquiry and trial concerning all the much more are such Ministers to be 

ministers within their bounds, and to censured with deposition from their 

tlireaten with suspension all such as ministry \vli< preach for the lawfulness, 

are found too sparing, general, or ambi- or pray lor the success of the piv>i-nt 

guous in speaking against prevailing unlawful Engagement, or that go alon,u r 

evils, such as profaneness, the defection with the army themselves, or who sub- 

froin the League and Covenant, and scribe any bands, or take any oatli.- 

the unlawful Engagement in war ; and not approved by the (ieneial Assembly 

if any continue in the negligence of or their Commissioner.-; <u- by their 

such applications and reproofs, after counsel, countenance, or approbation, 

due admonition, they are to be cited, make themselves accesson -to tin-taking 

ami, upon conviction, to be depoM-d, of such Lands and oaths by others." 
' tor being pleasers of men rather than 

servants of Christ; for giving them- a t'npriiited Acts, Assemblies lil> 

-eUex to a ilete-tai'le itidiflerency or andl'ii 1 .'. Bee Baillie'i printed Lettan, 

neutrality in the cause of God ; and vol. ii. pp. 282, 283, 28U, 311. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 149 

received also by all students at their first entry to 
College. 1 And they renewed the former injunction 
to Presbyteries for each to maintain a bursar at some 
one of the Colleges. 

Before the conclusion of the session of the College, 
and while the General Assembly was sitting, the 
meetings of Commissioners for consulting about the 
common benefit of all the Universities of the kingdom 
were renewed. On the 17th of July there appeared 
within the College of Edinburgh Mr. Samuel Euther- 
ford and Mr. George Wemyss of St. Andrews ; Mr. 
David Dickson and Mr. Eobert Baillie of Glasgow ; 
Mr. David Lindsay, Mr. William More, and Mr. Patrick 
Gordon of Aberdeen ; and Mr. John Adamson and 
Mr. Thomas Crawford of Edinburgh. 

" EDINBURGI, IN ACADEMIA JACOBI REGIS, 
"17 Julii 1648. 

" Sedenint, 

" From the Universities of St. Andrews, Mr. Samuel Rutherford 
and Mr. George Wemyss ; of Glasgow, Mr. David Dickson and Mr. 
Robert Baillie ; of Aberdeen, Mr. David Lindsay, Mr. William 
More, and Mr. Patrick Gordon ; of Edinburgh, Mr. John Adamsori 
and Mr. Thomas Crawford. 

" 1. It is agreed, that all the Universities shall concur with and 
assist one another, in every common cause, concerning the common 
weal of all the Universities. 

" 2. The former agreement is renewed, that no delinquent in any 
College shall be received into another College before he give testi- 
mony that he hath given satisfaction to the College from which 
he came. 

" 3. It is agreed, that there be required of every student coming 
from one University to another, a testimonial from the College 
whence he came, or from the Regent under whom he studied, to be 
produced -within a month after his entry. 

i Printed Acts of Assembly, 1648. Session 31. 



150 HISTORY OF THE 

" 4. It is agreed, that it be proposed to eveiy University by the 
Commissioners, that there may be an equal progress in the course 
of teaching in every class within the whole University." 

" EDINBURGH, the Wth July 1648. 
" Sederunt, 

" From St. Andrews, Mr. Samuel Rutherford, Dr. Alexander 
Colvill, Mr. James Reid of Pitleithy, and Mr. David Nevay ; from 
Aberdeen, Mr. David Lindsay, Mr. William More, and Mr. Patrick 
Gordon ; from Glasgow, Mr. David Dickson and Mr. Robert Baillie ; 
from Edinburgh, Mr. John Adamson, Mr. Thomas Crawford, Mr. 
James Wiseman, Mr. Duncan Forrester, and Mr. Andrew Suttie. 

"1. It is agreed, that, at the next meeting, the Commissioners 
of every University shall produce a note of those things which are 
taught in every class in their University. 

"2. It is agreed, that, with all convenient diligence, a draught 
shall be framed of the course of Philosophy to be taught in the 
Colleges. 

" 3. It is agreed, that the draught of the course shall be one for 
the Colleges. 

" 4. It is agreed, that every Regent be tied to prescribe to his 
scholars all and every part of the said course to be drawn up, and 
examine the same, with liberty to the Regent to add his own con- 
siderations besides, by the advice of the Faculty of the University. 

" 5. It is agreed, that every University shall handle and treat 
the parts allotted to them before ; viz., St. Andrews, the Meta- 
physics, de Anima, Porphyry, and the Categories, with the proemial 
Questiones de Natura Habituum et Logics de Universali, etc., and 
the Rhetoric ; Glasgow, the rest of the Logics ; Aberdeen, the 
Ethics, Politics, and Economics, with an introduction to the Mathe- 
matics ; and Edinburgh, the rest of the Physics. 

" 6. That, in the draught of the cursus, the text of Aristotle's 
Logics and Physics be kept, and shortly anagoged, the textual 
doubts cleared upon the back of every chapter ; or, in the analysis and 
commonplaces, handled after the chapters treating of that matter." 

" EDINBURGH, 24fA July 1648. 
" Sederunt, 

" From St. Andrews, Mr. George Wemyss ; from Glasgow, Mr. 
Robert Baillie ; from Aberdeen, Mr. William More and Mr. Patrick 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 1 5 1 

Gordon ; from Edinburgh, Mr. John Adamson, Mr. Thomas Craw- 
ford, and Mr. James Wiseman. 

" 1. Anent the question proposed by the General Assembly, con- 
cerning the election of the Commissioners from Universities, by whom 
and what persons are to be chosen, it is agreed, that they cannot deter- 
mine at this time, while [until] the old acts of the General Assembly 
be searched for that effect. Mr. Kobert Dalgleish, agent for the 
Kirk, is appointed to deal earnestly with my Lord Advocate, Mr. 
David Calderwood and Mr. Andrew Ker to search out of the Re- 
gisters of the Assembly what hath been practised before, that report 
may be made to the next General Assembly." 

The course of study of the different Universities was then read. 

" ST. ANDREWS. 

" That diligent students may attain to some measure of know- 
ledge, not only in the Greek, but Hebrew tongue, and in all the 
liberal arts necessary to be known by them, and that they may have 
some insight in all the parts of Aristotle's philosophy, 

" It is appointed that the Regents of Philosophy follow this course 
in teaching hereafter : 

" In the first year, so soon as the students come to the College, 
they shall be exercised diligently in translating of English into Latin, 
and Latin into English, till the month of November, upon the which 
day, the common Latin theme shall be given ; and, the morrow 
after, they shall begin the Greek grammar, and shall proceed in 
learning rules and practices of the Greek language till the month of 
June ; and the remanent time of that year, after the month of June, 
to be spent in learning the elements of the Hebrew tongue, that at 
last they may be able to read the elements of Arithmetic, the four 
species at least. 

" That these necessary studies be not neglected, it is ordained 
that they be examined not only in the knowledge of the Greek, but 
also in the reading of the Hebrew, and beginnings of Arithmetic. 

" In the second year, the scholars, immediately after their meet- 
ing, shall be exercised in translating Latin into Greek, and Greek 
into Latin, till the month of November, upon the which day the 
common Greek theme shall be given ; the next day after they shall 
begin the ordinary studies of that year at a Logic compend, and 



152 HISTORY OF THE 

proceed in learning of Dialectic, Rhetoric, Stnicttira Orationis, with 
the practice of Logic and Rhetoric. 

" In their declamations till the first day of March, at which time 
they shall begin Porphyry, and proceed to the Categories cle Inter- 
jyretatione, and P-rwra Analytical, and upon all these shall sustain 
examination. 

"In the third year, they shall begin the first book of Topics, 
with which shall be joined in teaching the argument, or compend of 
the eighth book, and thereafter the Sophist Captions, Posteriwa 
Analytica. 

" After ending of the Logics, they shall be taught the elements of 
Geometry, the first two books of Aristotle's Ethics, and five or six 
chapters of the third book, with the argument or compend of all the 
rest of the year ; also a compend of Metaphysics shall be taught ; and, 
last of all, the first and second book of the Arithmetic. 

"It is also thought fit, that so much time of the year as may be 
well spared, be bestowed in the practice of Logic, about Thema 
Simplex et Compositum ; and this exercise to be upon the Saturday. 

" In the fourth year shall be taught the other four books of the 
Arithmetic, the books de Coelo, the elements of Astronomy and 
Geography, the books de Ortu et Interitu, the Meteors, some part 
of the first, with the whole second and third books de Anima ; and, 
if so much time may be spared, some compend of Anatomy. 

" Because the diting of long notes has in time past proved a 
hindrance, not only to other necessary studies, ~but also to a know- 
ledge of the text itself, and to the examination of such things as 
are taught, it is therefore seriously recommended by the Commissioners 
to the Dean and Faculty of Arts, that the Regents spend not so 
much time in diting of their notes ; that no new lesson be taught 
till the former be examined. 

" That every student have the text of Aristotle in Greek ; and 
that the Regent first analyse the text viva voce, and thereafter give 
the sum thereof in writing." 



" COURSES TAUGHT YEARLY IN KING'S COLLEGE OF ABERDEEN. 

" The College sitteth down in the beginning of October ; and, for 
the space of a month, till the students be well convened, both 
masters and scholars are exercised with repetitions and 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 153 

tions ; which being done, the courses are begun about the first or 
second day of November. 

" To the first class is taught Clenard with Antesignanus, the 
greatest part of the New Testament, Basilius M. his epistle, an 
oration of Isocrates, another of Demosthenes, a book of Homer, 
Phocylides, some of Nonnus. 

" To the second class, Kami Dialectica, Vossii Rhetorica, some 
elements of Arithmetic, Pofphyry, Aristotle, his Categories de Inter- 
pretatione, and prior Analytics, both text and questions. 

" To the third class, the rest of the Logics, two first books of the 
Ethics, five chapters of the third, with a compend of the particular 
writes. The first five books of the General Physics, with some 
elements of Geometry. 

" To the fourth class, the books de Ccelo, de Ortu et Interitu, de 
Anima, de Meteoris, Sphasra Joannis de Sacrobosco, with some 
beginnings of Geography, and insight in the globes and maps. 

" This to be understood ordinarily, and in peaceable times." 

" COURSES TAUGHT YEARLY IN THE MARISCHAL COLLEGE AT 
" ABERDEEN. 

" Unto those of the first class is taught Clenardus, Antesignanus 
his Grammar ; for orations, two of Demosthenes, one of Isocrates ; 
for poets, Phocylides, and some portion of Homer, with the whole 
New Testament. 

" Unto the second class, a brief compend of the Logics, the text of 
Porphyry, and Aristotle's Organon, accurately explained ; the whole 
questions ordinarily disputed to the end of the demonstrations. 

" To the third class, the first two books of Ethics, and the first 
five chapters of the third text and questions, the first five books of 
Acroamatics, Questiones de Compositione continui, and some of the 
eight books. 

" To the fourth, the books de Ccelo, de Generatione, the Meteors, 
de Anima, Johannes de Sacrobosco on the Sphere, with some 
Geometry." l 

On the 28th of July, Mr. Andrew Suttie brought 

Class gradu- 

1 [The author refers to a "MS. book of that book, extracts are given from ated. 
in folio, from which to copy the pro- Bower's History of the University, 
ceedings of the Universities Commis- vol. i. pp. 239-246.] 
sioners in 1647 and 1648. In the absence 



154 HISTORY OF THE 

the sixtieth class to the usual degree, being in number 
thirty-five. 1 
Mr. Francis Mr. Francis Adamson, who succeeded Mr. Suttie as 

A-hinson, T .1 1111 i 

Librarian. Librarian, was probably chosen about this time ; but 
I have not been able to ascertain the precise date of 
his election. He had taken his, degree the preceding 
session under Mr. James Wiseman. 

October. I n October the College, as usual, began to meet for 
LXVII! the sixty-seventh time, and Mr. Andrew Suttie entered 
upon the charge of the new Bejan class, which, when 
fully convened and matriculated, amounted to the 
number of fifty-two. Mr. James Wiseman proceeded 
with the Semi, Mr. Thomas Crawford with the 
Bachelor, and Mr. Duncan Forrester with the Magis- 
strand classes. 

1649 On the 1st of January 1649, Mr. Kobert Douglas, 
noiigus who, even before the death of Mr. Alexander Hender- 

rhosen 

son, was rising to great eminence among his party, 
was chosen Eector of the University for the ensuing 
year, with the usual number of Assessors. 

The commencement of this year is a noted era in 
the history of Great Britain. King Charles the First, 
after a solemn trial, was condemned to death, and on 
the 30th of January executed on a public scaffold. 
The particulars are well known. Oliver Cromwell's 
influence, supported by the army, immediately upon 
this event, prevailed in England, and the monarchy 
there was dissolved. In Scotland, however, Charles 

1 The printed Theses of thi* gradua- puMislH-d this war for tin- lira-hint ion 

tion, if there were any, are not pre- of twenty Otndidfttofl in St. Leonard's 

served in the College collection. In- Collr-c. St. A mln-ws. under the tuition 

stead of them are inserted the Theses nf Mr. David Nrvav. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 155 

the Second, the King's son and successor, then abroad, 
was immediately proclaimed ; but upon condition " of 
his good behaviour, and strict observance of the Cove- 
nant, and his entertaining no other persons about him 
but such as were godly men and faithful to that obliga- 
tion." The insertion of these clauses evidently shows 
the influence now possessed by the rigid Presbyterians, 
and their patron, the Marquis of Argyll, whose object 
had been to prevail with the late King to subscribe the 
Covenant, and who now, in this their first acknowledg- 
ment of the new Sovereign, certainly acted a consistent 
and laudable part in thus endeavouring to circum- 
scribe his power. 

Meanwhile the education in the Colleges was con- 

o 

ducted without molestation. On the 5th of March, 
Mr. Eobert Douglas, the Kector, with his council, held 
a meeting in the College of Edinburgh, and recom- 
mended the observation of certain regulations respect- 
ing the hours of meeting which had been enacted the 
27th of December 1647. 1 And on the 26th of July 1649 
Mr. Duncan Forrester brought forward the sixty-first TheSty- 

J first Class 

class, in number thirty four, to the Master's degree, 8 raduated - 
after solemn disputation in the public hall ; on which 
occasion the printed Theses, which furnished the sub- 
jects of debate, were dedicated to the Marquis of 
Argyll. 

. In October, after the vacation, the College again ^J o e 
assembled, and Mr. Duncan Forrester had the charge LXVII] 
of the Bejan class, which at the matriculation on the 
llth of the following January, consisted of sixty- 

i Town-Council Records of that date. 



156 HISTORY OF THE 

one students. The other three Kegents proceeded 
with their classes in the usual order. 

1650. The Professorship of Divinity, since the death of 
-^ r * J nn Sharp, had now remained vacant about two 
years, when on the 16th of February 1650, the Lord 
Provost, Magistrates, and Council, and the Ministers 
of Edinburgh, requested the authority of the Commis 
sion of the General Assembly, then met, to translate 
Mr. David Dickson from the Professorship of Divinity 
in the University of Glasgow to the same office at 
Edinburgh. To this the Commission agreed, and 
ordained Mr. Dickson to remove from Glasgow and 
take up his residence in Edinburgh before the 1st of 
April next. 1 

At this time, while the power of Cromwell had not 
yet extended to Scotland, the following were the 
members of the College of Edinburgh :- 

iof)0. Mr. Robert Douglas, Rector of the University. 

Mr. John Adamson, Principal. 
Mr. David Dickson, Professor of Divinity. 
Mr. Duncan Forrester, 

Mr. Andrew Suttie, 

_. T ,.,. Regents or Professors of 

Mr. James Wiseman, 



Mr. Thomas Crawford, also 
Professor of Mathematics, 
Mr. James Pillans, Professor of Humanity. 
Mr. Julius Conradus Otto, Professor of Oriental Languages. 
Mr. Francis Adamson, Librarian 

Meanwhile, at Breda, where the King then ivsidrd, 
attended by Commissioners from Scotland, ti tivuty 
had been set on foot relative to his return to liis 

1 Commission Records of February 16, 1650. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 157 

ancient kingdom upon the terms of the Covenant. 
But Charles, with that duplicity and dishonesty of 
character for which he was afterwards distinguished, 
carefully concealed his having already encouraged and 
abetted the Marquis of Montrose in a scheme of in- 
vading Scotland. This illustrious adventurer, how- 
ever, was extremely unfortunate in this new attempt. 
Having been defeated in the North soon after his 
landing, he was brought prisoner to Edinburgh, and 
there executed on the 21st of May, with circumstances 
of indignity which historians have recorded with an 
interesting minuteness, and from which his country- 
men have derived no honour. After the death of 
Montrose, the King immediately acquiesced in the 
proposals of the Scots Commissioners ; and having on 
the 23d of June set sail for Scotland, he landed in the 
North, but not till after he had signed the Covenant ; 
and on coming ashore, he found himself entirely at 
the disposal of the zealous Covenanters. 

Notwithstanding the agitation which these events, 
and the approach of fresh hostilities occasioned in the 
City, the session of the College was carried on almost 

to the usual period, and on the 15th of July the sixty- Juiyis. 

J J The sixty- 

second class, under the auspices of Mr. Thomas 

Crawford, Regent in Philosophy and Professor of 
Mathematics, received the degree of M.A., being 
forty-three in number. The ceremony was performed 
in the public hall, and the Theses were dedicated 
to Sir James Stewart of Kirkfield, Lord Provost, and 
to the other magistrates arid members of the Town- 
Council. 



158 HISTORY OF THE 

On the 16th of August the King emitted his famous 
Declaration, from Dunferailine, which was entirely con- 
formable to the desire of the strict Presbyterians ; but 
every article of which he scrupled not afterwards to 
violate. 1 

Meanwhile, Cromwell, at the head of a great army, 
had begun his march towards Scotland. Leslie, the 
Scots General, had entrenched himself in a fortified 
camp between Leith and Edinburgh, to which place 
Cromwell soon advanced ; but being much annoyed 
by that experienced General, without being able to 
bring him to a general engagement, he was forced to 
retreat towards Dunbar. Leslie, by his able conduct, 
reduced him to the utmost extremity ; and historians 
admit that if he had not been urged by the zeal of 
the Presbyterian ministers to give immediate battle 
to Cromwell, the latter with his whole army must 
have been utterly undone. The battle was fought 
on the 3d of September. Cromwell obtained a 
complete victory, and immediately pursued his ad- 
vantage by taking possession of Edinburgh and 
Leith ; while the remains of the Scottish army fled 
to Stirling. 2 
1650. While Cromwell was in possession of the city, the 

O<*tot>cr 

LX'IX" Professors of the College found it impracticable to 
commence their session there as usual in the month of 
October, but were advised to retire into File, and take 
up their station at Kirkaldy ; to which place a con- 
siderable concourse of students resorted. The number 

1 See Appendix to Wodmw's History, vol. i. No. i. 

2 Hume's History of England, rhap. Ix. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 159 

composing the new Bejan class under Mr. Thomas 
Crawford, if we may judge from the corresponding 
graduation at the end of their four years' course (for 
there was no matriculation this session), was very 
small. 

In consequence of the defeat at Dunbar, it became 
advisable to strengthen the King's party, by admitting 
of a coalition with those who had favoured Hamilton's 
Engagement, and even with the Koyalists who were 
usually styled Malignants. Two resolutions were 
adopted by the Parliament held at Perth, that a pro- 
fession of repentance on the part of both Engagers 
and Malignants should be accepted, and that they 
should be allowed, on this profession, to share in the 
service and defence of the kingdom. A violent oppo- 
sition to this indulgence, and to the Commission of 
the General Assembly which had favoured it, arose, 
chiefly in the western counties, who entered into a 
separate association against the Sectaries, and framed 
a Kemonstrance against the King. The nation suffered 
a new convulsion, and was enfeebled by this new 
schism betwixt Resolutioners and Eemonstrants. In 
the meantime the King enjoyed greater freedom, and 
the Parliament agreed to proceed without delay to 
his coronation ; which was accordingly performed at 
Scone with great solemnity on the 2d of January, 
when after an appropriate sermon preached by Mr. 
Robert Douglas, minister of Edinburgh, and Rector of 
the University, the Marquis of Argyll set the crown 
on the King's head. 

The classes continued their studies at Kirkaldy till 



160 HISTORY OF THE 

i65i. the 8th of May 1651, when twelve of the Magistrand 

May8. / 

thi?d s chL c ^ ass un der Mr. James Wiseman, were graduated, and 
jSiy^r 1 ' a few days after, thirteen additional, as appears from a 

Kirkaldy; 

certificate extant in the graduation-book, 1 subscribed 

by Robert Douglas, Rector, Thomas Crawford, James 

Wiseman, and James Pillans, Professors. In the same 

certificate mention is made of the candidates having 

taken both the National Covenant and the Solemn 

League and Covenant, with the oath of allegiance to 

the King. It appears likewise, from a note in the 

and partly same Record, that eleven other students of this class 

burgh, W ere graduated at Edinburgh by authority of the 

May 20 and 

Principal and the ministers, and recommended by the 
Rector and Regents, 2 viz., one on the 20th of May, 
two on .the 28th, and the other eight on the 13th of 
June. 

During the winter, the Castle of Edinburgh was be- 
trayed into the hands of Cromwell, who soon subdued 
the whole country between the Forth and the Clyde. 
After this, having remained some time in Edinburgh, 
the Scottish army, with the King, being encamped and 
strongly fortified at the Torwood, he in vain tried to 
bring them to an engagement. He then passed over 
into Fife and came round upon the rear of the Scottish 
army, who, with the King, instead of waiting for 
Cromwell's approach, immediately inarched into Eng- 



1 [Catalogue of the Graduates, p. 71. vailed, no meeting of the Town-Council 
Edinburgh, 1858. 8vo.] TM held from the 3d of September 1060, 

2 It was the custom for the Lord Pro- till the 5th of December lb*51, Viiu; 
vot, Magistrates, and Council, to give fifteen months ami Hirer days, till the 
their sanction to every graduation ; hut kingdom was settled under the English 
on account of the confusion that piv- )>ower. Srr Town-Council Records. 






UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 161 

land. Cromwell followed ; and on the 3d of September 
1651, was fought the battle of Worcester, where the 
King was utterly defeated, and narrowly escaped being 
taken. 

In October the College of Edinburgh was suffered to 
meet after a long vacation, when Mr. James Wiseman ixx 011 
took the charge of the Bejan class, which at the matri- 
culation consisted of fifty-six students, while Mr. 
Crawford proceeded with the Semis, Mr. Forrester 
with the Bachelors, and Mr. Suttie with the Magis- 
trands. 

It is probable that this year, 1651, died Mr. John 
Adamson, Principal of the College. 1 He was the son 
of Henry Adamson, provost of Perth, and had obtained 
the office of Kegent or professor of Philosophy on the 
resignation of Mr. George Kobertson in January 1598 ; 
the class to the charge of which he succeeded being in 
the second year of their course. He was then a very 
young man, and had been graduated the year before. 
After holding this Professorship till towards the end of 
the year 1604, he then accepted of a call to be mini- 
ster of North Berwick ; from thence he was translated 
to the church of Liberton, and from that was brought 
to be Principal of the College, to which office he was 
admitted on the 21st of November 1623. While Mr. 
Adamson was minister at Liberton, he presided at the 
famous disputation which was held by the Professors 
of the College of Edinburgh in the Castle of Stirling, 

1 He was alive May 28, 1651, at which Adamson died towards the end of the 

date mention is made of the Principal. year 1651.] Mr. Robert Leighton, who 

Graduation Book. [From his Con- succeeded him, was not chosen till 

tinned Testament, it appears that January 17, 1653. [See p. 168.] 

L 



162 HISTORY OF THE 

before King James the Sixth, in the year 1617, being 
requested by Mr. Henry Charteris, then Principal of the 
College, to appear in his stead upon that occasion. Mr. 
Charteris being a man of great modesty, was averse to 
speak on such public. occasions, though he was a man 
of various and profound learning. An account of this 
disputation may be collected from Mr. Thomas Craw- 
ford's MS. History of the College, and from the publi- 
cation entitled " The Muses Welcome," etc., of which 
Mr. Adamson was the editor. 1 He published also 
" Eio-oSia Musarum Edinensium in Caroli Eegis, Musa- 
rum Tutani, ingressu in Scotiam, 1633." 2 And he had 
a great share in constructing the different magnificent 
shows and pageants exhibited in the City of Edinburgh 
on occasion of the King's public entry into that city 
when he came to Scotland to be crowned. 3 Principal 
Adamson also published a small Latin Catechism for 
the use of students, entitled " ^Toi^euoa^ Eloquioruni 
Dei, sive Methodus Eeligionis Christianse Catechetica. 
In usum Academise Jacobi Kegis et Scholarum Edin- 
ensium conscripta. Edinburgi, in Academia Jacobi 
Kegis, 1637," in 12 mo. 4 He presided over the Col- 
lege about twenty-five years with great reputation. 
1652. On the 15th of April 1652, Mr. Andrew Suttie 

April 15. 

e rth x cLs brought his class, which was the sixty-fourth, consist- 
ing only of nineteen students, to the Master's degree, 

i [A minute account of this Disputa- and MaitlandV History of Edinburgh. 

tion in the presence of King James at [Also supra, p. 97.] 
Stirling, is already given : supra, pp. 4 [Principal Adamson's Latin Cate- 

63-71.] rliism was first printed at Edinburgh 

a [See footnote, p. 98.] in 1627, 12mo. It was dedicated to the 

1 See Mr. Thomas Crawford's History Provost, Magistrates, and Council, who 

of the College of Edinburgh; also voted totheauthorthesumof 400niarks. 

Prummond of Hawthornden's Works ; Tmvn-('num-il Kivords. .lune lti'27.] 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 163 

three months earlier than usual, on account of the 
agitation still prevailing in the City during the 
arrangement of affairs under the English power. No 
printed Theses for this graduation appear in the Col- 
lege collection. During the vacation the same degree 
was conferred on Thomas Tanner of New College, 
Oxford, on the 1st of June; and on Isaac Chaplyn 
from Suffolk, Francis Wilcox from Devonshire, 
and John Davis 1 from Worcestershire, on the 19th 
of August. 

The Town-Council of Edinburgh had not met for 
upwards of fifteen months. The Provost and several 
of the members had retired to Stirling immediately 
after the battle of Dunbar. At last such of the Coun- 
cil as remained held several meetings in the month of 
December 1651, when they approved of the lists of 
deacons, and of merchant and trades councillors, which 
were laid before them, but they put off the new election 
of Magistrates till the arrival of the English Commis- 
sioners who were appointed by the Parliament of 
England to settle the Scottish affairs. These having 
accordingly soon after arrived, they gave authority to 
the citizens to make the election ; which they did, for 
the ensuing year, on the 5th and 9th days of March 
1652. 2 

The Town-Council being thus restored, one of their 
earliest acts was the election of a Principal of the 
College, in place of Mr. John Adamson, lately de- 
ceased ; 3 and the Council, with the Ministers, being 

1 See Calamy's Abridgment of Mr. 2 Maitland's History of Edinburgh, 
Baxter's History of his Life and Times, p. 89. 
vol. ii. p. 518. 3 Town-Council Records. 



164 HISTORY OF THE 

met on the 23d of April, a list of candidates was 
agreed on, in which was included, by majority of 
votes, Mr. William Colvill, formerly minister of Edin- 
burgh, but who, as was mentioned before, had been 
deposed by the General Assembly, 1649, on account 
of his favouring Hamilton's unfortunate Engagement. 
He was, notwithstanding this circumstance, now 
elected Principal of the College of Edinburgh, and a 
letter was sent to him in Holland, where he then was, 
inviting him to take possession of the office. Never- 
theless, this election was soon after set aside, as will 
appear presently. 1 

iwi. On the 23d of July, Mr. James Nairne was appointed 
NaiiiT es keeper of the Library in place of Mr. Adamson, and 
on the 28th, he took the oath dejideli administratione, 
and gave security. 

i52. In October, the College again assembled ; and Mr. 
Andrew Suttie, whose turn it was to have the charge of 
the new class, having died, Mr. James Pillans, who, since 
the year 1644, had been Professor of Humanity, was, 
. 29. on the 29th of November, elected one of the Professors 

Mr. James 

f Philosophy in hie place, and succeeded to the tuition 



of the Bejan class, in number forty-seven ; the Semi 

Philosophy. 

being taught by Mr. James Wiseman, the Bachelor by 
Mr. Thomas Crawford, and the Magistrand by Mr. 
Duncan Forrester. 

Before the conclusion of the preceding year, the 



1 At another meeting of the Town- them if they had any objection against 

Council, on the 30th of the same month, Mr. Colvill's being Principal ; to which 

where the Regents were present, on they answered, that they knew of none, 

the subject of their own salaries, the except the diflemice betwixt him ami 

Provost took the opportunity of asking the Kirk. Town-Council Records. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 165 

greater part of Scotland had submitted to Cromwell's 
authority; and the nation, after some unsuccessful 
efforts to oppose General Monk, whom he had left 
behind him in this country, enjoyed at last consider- 
able tranquillity under the usurpation. About the 
close of the ensuing year, the military being in reality 
the sole power which prevailed in the three kingdoms, 
Cromwell was declared Protector by the council of 
officers ; a title which he was prevailed on, in the year 
1656, to retain, rather than assume that of King, and 
which was then conferred with greater solemnity by a 
Parliament he had summoned. 

Among other arrangements made by the Protector 
for the government of Scotland, he appointed seven 
Judges or Commissioners for the Administration of 
Justice to the people of that country. 1 These dis- 
charged the duty of the Courts both of Session and 
of Justiciary. 2 To a certain number of them, an 
ample commission was also given by the Parliament 
of England to place or eject ministers as they thought 
proper, and to visit and exercise authority over the 
Universities. 3 

Edward Mosely, one of the judges, having made j^s.^ 
certain objections to Mr. William Colvill, lately elected 



Principal, the Town-Council, though satisfied with Mr. COMII " 

1 annulled, 

Colvill, were obliged to declare the office vacant, that 
another Principal might be elected more agreeable to 
the wishes of the Judge ; and on the same day, which 

1 [On the 18th of May 1652 J in Laing's History of Scotland, vol. i. 

2 Lord Hailes's Catalogue of the Lords p. 439. 

of Session. See a good account of 3 Baillie's Letters and Jotirnals, vol. 
Cromwell's administration in Scotland, ii. p. 371. 



166 HISTORY OF THE 

was the 17th of January 1653, they elected Mr. Eobert 
Leighton, minister of Newbattle, to be Principal of 
their College. The Ministers refused to vote, as they 
had scruples respecting the manner of the call, though 
they declared themselves satisfied with the man. In- 
deed, however informal the mode of election might 
be supposed, a choice more fortunate for the College 
could not have been made. Mr. Leighton was already 
distinguished, not only for piety and learning, but for 
a gentleness and moderation of character at all times 
most amiable and most respectable, but in those days 
of violence and faction truly admirable. 

He was the eldest son of Alexander Leighton, D.D., 1 
a native of Scotland, but who had removed to England, 
and was the author of two books, " The Looking Glasse 
of the Holy War/' and "Zion's Plea against Prelacy," 
for which he suffered severely, being condemned in 
the Star-Chamber to be whipped, set upon the pillory, 
have his ears cut off, be branded on the face, his nose 
slit, pay a fine of 10,000, and be imprisoned for the 
remainder of his life. This sentence was passed upon 
him on the 4th of June 1630 ; at which time his son 
Robert, being about sixteen years of age, was a 
student of Philosophy in the University of Edin- 
burgh under Mr. Robert Rankin, by whom he was 
promoted to the degree of M.A., on the 23d of July 
1631. After finishing his academical course, he set 
out on foreign travel, and spent some years in France, 
where he attained such ease and fluency in the French 

1 [It is a mistake to denote Dr. Alex- University of Lyden. See Bannat ym- 
ander Leightou as D.D. He took his Miscellany, vol. iii. p. 229.] 
degree of Doctor of Medicine in the 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 167 

language that he spoke it like a native. The study of 
Divinity had ever been his great and ultimate object. 
The knowledge of the world which he had acquired, 
enlarged his elegant mind, without impairing his 
piety. On his return to Scotland, he passed trials for 
the holy ministry with great approbation, and was or- 
dained by the Presbyterians minister of Newbattle in 
the Presbytery of Dalkeith. There he continued for 
many years in a state of retirement from the bustle 
of the world, intent upon study, and diligent in the 
exercise of his pastoral duties. He kept as much as 
possible aloof from the violence of both the Presby- 
terian and Episcopal parties ; and he lamented the 
vehemence which characterized the conduct of both, in 
their procedure respecting the forms of church govern- 
ment. His own education as a Presbyterian, as well 
as the cruel treatment which his father had endured 
from the Episcopals of England, countenanced and 
cordially approved of by Laud, then Bishop of Lon- 
don, seemed to remove him at an infinite distance 
from all partiality in favour of Prelacy ; yet he could 
not go along with the Covenanters to the utmost 
extent of their intemperate zeal. He thought that 
the antipathy of each party against the other was not 
consistent with the pure spirit of Christianity, ac- 
cording to the dictates of which it was his constant 
endeavour to regulate his own life. He did not see 
any model of church-government precisely defined in 
Holy Scripture, and was of opinion that, under either 
the Episcopal or Presbyterian form, when purely ad- 
ministered, the true objects of ecclesiastical jurisdic- 



168 HISTORY OF THE 

tion might be obtained ; but in his own time, and in 
his own country, he saw much to blame, not in the 
plan or constitution of ecclesiastical judicatories, but 
in the violence, intolerance, and unchristian conduct 
of many of their members. When, after the Restora- 
tion, he was prevailed on to be a bishop, it was 
evident that his accepting of this pre-eminence was 
influenced by no ambitious motive, but proceeded 
from a fond hope of being more extensively useful, 
and that his exertions might have some effect in 
reconciling the contending parties to one another ; 
for when, after trial, he was entirely disappointed in 
this expectation, he relinquished his Episcopal dignity, 
and spent the remainder of his life in retirement and 
devotion. 

He was in the thirty-ninth year of his age, when he 
was elected Principal of the University of Edinburgh. 
His father, by an order of the Long Parliament, had 
recovered his liberty thirteen years before, being in 
the seventy-second year of his age, and worn out 
with hard imprisonment, poverty, and sickness. 1 
Laud, who had instigated the prosecution against 
him, was himself doomed in his turn to suffer, and 
had already, on the 10th of January 1645, perished 
on the scaffold. 

^ n *^ e ^*k f January 1653, a deputation \v;is 
sent to Mr. Leighton, with a letter from the Town- 
Council, in vi ting him to take possession of his new 
office. As the Church of Scotland, of which he was 
a minister, continued to be more and more agitated 

1 Neai's History of the Puritans, edit 1794, vol. ii. p. 336. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 169 

and distracted by internal divisions, as well as by the 
interference of the English power, and as he was still 
averse from taking any share in its disputes, he con- 
sidered an Academical life as even more favourable to 
his views of study and retirement than the charge of 
a country parish, and therefore was prevailed on to 
accept of the invitation. 

He had not been invested with the office of Prin- Mr. 

returns from 

cipal much longer than a month when Mr. William SduTdk- 
Colvill, ignorant of what had happened, arrived from ap 
Utrecht, with a view to take possession of the same 
charge. The Town-Council, as some compensation The Town 
to Mr. ColviU for his disappointment, ordered 2000 
marks of vacant salary to be paid to him ; l and after 
the Restoration, when Mr. Leightori accepted of a 
Bishopric, they recurred to their original choice, and 
appointed Mr. Colvill to succeed him as Principal of 
the University of Edinburgh. 

The Professorship of Humanity being vacant by the 1653.^ 



S^ST 

M 



thirteen 

Professor of 



promotion of Mr. James Pillans, Mr. John Wishart, 

who had taken his degree in the year 1650, under Mr. thirteenth 

J 

Thomas Crawford, was, on the 9th of March, elected 
in his place, probably by the usual number of dele- 
gates from the Town-Council, Judges, Advocates, and 
Writers to the Signet. The election was confirmed 
in a meeting of the Town- Council on the llth of the 
same month. 2 

No new election of a Hector had been made since 
the year 1651, when Mr. Robert Douglas appears for 

1 Town-Council Records, February ministers of Perth, 1st of February 
23, 1653. [It may be added, that 1655.] 
Mr. Colvill was admitted one of the 2 md. 



170 HISTORY OF THE 

the last time to have been invested with that annual 
dignity ; and as the office was still suffered to remain 
dormant, the College now consisted of the following 
members : 

Mr. Robert Leighton, Principal. 

Mr. David Dickson, Professor of Divinity. 

Mr. James Pillans, 

Mr. James Wiseman, 



Mr. Thomas Crawford (also 



Regents of Philosophy. 



Professor of Mathematics), 
Mr. Duncan Forrester, 

r 

Mr. John Wishart, Professor of Humanity. 

Mr. Julius Conradus Otto, Professor of Oriental Languages. 

Mr. James Nairne, Librarian. 

ma. This session was also a short one : for Mr. Forrester's 

May. . t ' 

c l ass ? being the sixty-fifth, and twenty-eight in num- 
ber, received the usual degree in the month of May ; 
among whom was Mr. Thomas Gibson, an Englishman, 
whose name appears in the Graduation Book, subscrib- 
ing a particular sponsio, in which he acknowledges his 
adherence to the Confession of Faith of the Britannic 
churches that is, of the Assembly of Divines at 
Westminster renounces Popery and Prelacy, and 
promises perpetual affection to the University of Edin- 
burgh. 1 This graduation was conducted in a private 
manner, in consequence of a petition presented to the 
Town-Council by the Magistrates, stating that they 
were unable to defray the usual expense attending a 

i At this graduation it is probable logicse," which he delivered to the stu- 

that Mr. Robert Leighton presided as dents of Divinity as Primarius Theo- 

Principal of the College, and then de- logire Professor : printed [as a post- 

livered the first of those Pantneses and humous volume] at London in a small 

Prayers which are extant in print, and 4to volume in the year 1693. 
subjoined to the " Praelectiones Theo- 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 171 

public graduation ; and also on account of the troubles 
of the country. 1 

On the 2 7th of the same month, the Council thought 1653. 

May 27. 

proper that the salary of Mr. David Dickson, Professor e gjjg of 



of Divinity, should be augmented from 1600 to 2000 
marks, as he was called to discharge also the duty of 
a minister of the city. 2 

As it was thought expedient this year to summon a 
General Assembly of the Church against the 20th of 
July, the Town-Council, on the 14th of that month, 
held a meeting in the College with the Professors, to 
which the Ministers also were summoned, but did not 
attend ; when they elected Mr. Leighton to represent 
the University in that Assembly. But Mr. Leighton 
having gone to England during the vacation, as he 
afterwards frequently used to do, the Council gave a 
commission to the Professors to choose another 
member in his place, but protested, at the same time, 
that this should not be considered as giving up their 
right to sit and vote at any future election. 

At the next meeting of the College in October, after October. 

to & Session 

the vacation, we find Mr. John Wishart, who had Mr L n L 
latelv been elected Professor of Humanity, undertak- ^iffy-first 

P 

ing the charge of the new Bejan class, instead of Mr. g 
Duncan Forrester, who had either died or resigned his 
office, 3 and that Mr. William Forbes, a young man who 
had taken his degree at the last graduation, was made 
Professor of Humanity, in place of Mr. Wishart. Mr. Mr. 
Pillans this session had the charge of the Semi, Mr. 

1 Town - Ccnmcil Records, May 6, 3 [Forrester resigned on account of 
1653. ill-health, 4th of February 1654. 

2 Ibid, Town-Council Records.] 






1*72 HISTORY OF THE 

Wiseman that of the Bachelor, and Mr. Crawford that 
of the Magistrand Class. 

This last-mentioned class being the sixty-sixth since 
^ ne institution of the University, and which had 
entered under Mr. Crawford's tuition at Kirkaldy in 
the end of the year 1650, when the country was in 
great alarm on account of the approach of Cromwell's 
army, was graduated this year about the beginning of 
May, its number being only seventeen. One more 
was added the 1 2th of that month, and another the 
4th of July. 

^ ^ e P en i n g of a new session in October, a con- 
siderable number of young students seern to have 
entered to Mr. Crawford's new class, sixty-four names 
appearing in the list of those who were matriculated, 
and others being afterwards added. 

Before the conclusion of the session, the Town 
Council, on the 13th of April 1655, appointed that 
each student at his entry to the College should contri- 
bute a crown, or at the least half-a-crown, for the 
benefit of the Library ; and they likewise ordered 
particular inquiry to be made concerning the tithes of 
the parishes of Currie and Kirkurd, being part of the 
revenue of the Archdeaconry of Lothian, formerly 
granted to the College. 1 

About the month of March or April this year, Mr. 
Mi r . -.;! "i'ibra- John Mien was appointed Keeper of the Library in 
rfitr. J&M place of Mr. James Nairne. The College mace had 

Nairne. 

been lent for the use of the public, and being produced 
in the Town-Council on the 7th of March, was, on the 

1 Town-Council Records. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 173 

23d of May, delivered to Mr. Mien the new Librarian, 
after being cleaned by John Milne, goldsmith, who 
received two dollars for his work. 1 

An inventory of the writs belonging to the College 
having been made out, the Town-Council ordered it, 
on the 23d of May, to be deposited in the Town's 
charter-room. 

This year Mr. Wiseman's class, being the sixty- ix>5. 
seventh, and consisting of thirty-one students, re- JfS^la- 
ceived the usual degree on the 23d of May; which was d1J 
still considerably sooner than usual, probably owing 
to the poverty of the country at this time. 2 

On the 23d of January 1656, the Council ordered a 
particular account of the mortifications or donations 
to the College, and the sums thereof remaining in the 
Town's hands, to be inserted in the Council Records of 
this date. 3 

Soon after the commencement of a new session in October. 

Session 

October, Mr. Wiseman, to whose charge the new LXXIV 
Bejan class had fallen in rotation, died ; while Mr. 
Crawford was proceeding with the Semi, Mr. Wishart 
with the Bachelor, and Mr. Pillans with the Magis- 
trand class. 

In consequence of a consultation held on the 5th of 

1 Town-Council Records. injuria et infelicitas surripuit, id certe 

2 In the fourth of Mr. Leighton's lectione sedula quamprimum subse- 
Parseneses or Exhortations which he quutura reparandum erit : sed etiamsi 
delivered to the students at their gra- nil tale contigisset adversi, credo vos 
duation during the time in which he non ignorare studiorum illorum in 
was Principal, allusion is made to the scholis nostris tantum jacta esse funda- 
curtailing of the sessions. " Nou est, menta, quibus plures anni et indefati- 
ut opinor, quod multis urgeam in- gata industria plenioris eruditionis 
dustriam vestram, et assiduum in sedificium superstruant, quod Divini 
studiis humanis et philosophicis pro- spiritus accessu Deo in templum con- 
gressum : in quibus, si quid de solemn secretur." P. 210. 

curriculo Academico, temporum horuni 3 See this document in Appendix. 



March 



174 HISTORY OF THE 

se. March 1656, by a deputation from the Town-Council, 

ch 7. 

with the Principal and Regents, Mr. William Forbes, 
" Professor of Humanity, was elected on the 7th to 

elected the J 

succeed Mr. Wiseman as Regent of Philosophy, and 



in h piace p of y> undertook the charge of the new Bejan class, 

Mr. Wiseman. . & J 

ing, when matriculated, to the number of sixty-five 
students. 

April 2. No record of the students of Humanity had been 
aSfShthe kept before this time, and therefore their numbers 

Humanity 

were not known. But it should seem that the utility 
of the Professorship of Humanity had begun to be 
called in question. For on the 2d of April, the Town- 
Council appointed two of their number, John Jossie, 
and Thomas Kincaid, to wait on the Judges, Advo 
cates, and Writers, to acquaint them with a proposal 
to abolish the Humanity class, as prejudicial not only 
to the Grammar School, but to the College itself, and 
to employ the salary of the office some other way for 
the advancement of learning. It is not easy to dis- 
^ cover how an institution so apparently useful could 
have fallen into such disrepute at this time. The 
College of Justice, however, do not seem to have con- 
curred with the Town-Council in this opinion, but 
took some time to deliberate upon a subject of such 
An interim importance. In the meantime, the Council appointed 
the C Hu r - a teacher of the name of John Cruickshanks to be 

inanity class 

Mt master of the Humanity class till the end of the 

session. 

1656 On the 9th of July, Mr. James Pillans's class, being 

i g hth x ciass the sixty-eighth, and twenty-three in number, received 

the degree of M.A., without any printed Theses : none, 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 175 

at least, for this year are to be found in the collection 
preserved in the Library ; nor are there indeed any 
such from the year 1650 till the year 1659. 

The Professorship of Hebrew having become vacant i65. 
by the resignation or death of Julius Conradus Otto, 



fessor of 



the first Professor, the Town-Council, on the 3d of Sep- 
tember, in consequence of a petition of Mr. David Hebrew. 
Dickson, Professor of Divinity, and of the students of 
Divinity, elected Mr. Alexander Dickson, minister of 
Newbattle, to that office, with a salary of 50 sterling 
per annum. 

At the next meeting of the College in October, Mr. October. 
Pillans undertook the care of the new class, the stu- 
dents of which, thirty-two in number, were matriculated 
on the 2d of November, and subscribed a newsponsio, 
by which they bound themselves to remain attached 
to the University of Edinburgh, affectionate to one 
another, free from all concern in any disorder or tumult, 
ready to check every tendency to discord in their 
society, not only studious of peace within the Univer- 
sity, but of Christian charity everywhere, detesting all 
mean conversation and profane licentiousness ; under- 
standing this obligation to the practice of wisdom and 
religion, as well as affection to the seminary where 
they were bred, to extend not only to the whole time 
of their course of philosophy, but to the whole course 
of their life, and acknowledging that if they were found 
violating this solemn oath, they would deserve to be 
expelled with disgrace from the University. All this 
they promised by the grace of God, and with the divine 
assistance, to perform. 



176 HISTORY OF THE 

1656. In consequence of a consultation held among the 
P a trons of the Humanity Professorship, on the 3d of 
fifteenth October, the proposal of abolishing it was rejected, and 

Professor of J 



a comparative trial appointed to take place on the 14th 
Forb5! lla a of November, when Mr. James M'Gowan was the suc- 
cessful candidate, and was elected by the patrons 
accordingly. The students of Humanity who entered 
un der his care were the first Humanity class who had 
been matriculated ; and they amounted only to the 
number of sixteen. 

This session Mr. William Forbes proceeded with the 
Semi class, Mr. Thomas Crawford with the Bachelor, 
and Mr. John Wishart with the Magistrand. 

On the 10th of April 1657, John Nicol, servant to 
Mr. Leighton, was chosen Janitor, ad vitam aut cvl- 
pam, out of respect for the Principal his master. 1 
1667. On the 16th of July same year, Mr. Wishart's class, 

The sixty- J J 

being the sixty-ninth, and thirty-three in number, re- 
ceived the usual degree. 

The Principal, Mr. Kobert Leighton, being to set out 
on a journey to London, the Town-Council, on the 22d 
of the same month, appointed a committee of their 
number to consult with him about making application 
to the Protector for an augmentation of the College 
revenue, which the Principal undertook to endeavour 
to procure. 

Mr. William Forbes, who about the beginning of the 
session in October 1653, had been chosen Professor of 
Humanity, and afterwards Regent of Philosophy, which 
hist office he had held only during two sessions, died 

1 Town-Council 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 177 

about this time, in whose place the Town- Council, 
on the 5th of August, again elected Mr. William 
Tweedie, who had already held one of the Professor- i57. 

August 5. 



ships of Philosophy in the College of Edinburgh, from 

the 16th of October 1644 till about the end of th& Mr. wmim 

Tweedie re- 

year 1647, when he resigned, and accepted of a call to SSSiorof 
be minister at Slamannan Muir in the Presbytery of P1 
Linlithgow. He had taught with great reputation 
first at St. Andrews and afterwards at Edinburgh ; and 
his resignation, which seems to have been somewhat 
abrupt, disappointed the patrons and the public in 
their expectations of his further utility as a Professor. 
This appears from the particular conditions agreed 
upon when again he accepted of the office, on the 
llth of September, which were, that at the end of a 
four years' course he should not commence a new one, 
without undertaking to finish it, and that he should 
give three months' notice before his removal. Mr. 
Alexander Dickson, Professor of Hebrew, was the 
person pitched upon to go to the Presbytery of Lin- 
lithgow, on the 19th, to obtain his detachment from 
his ministerial charge. 

In October, Mr. John Wishart entered upon a new October. 

Session 

Bejan class, which, by the matriculation list, appears to 
have increased to the number of seventy-four. Mr. 
Pillans carried forward the Semi, Mr. William Tweedie 
the Bachelor, and the venerable Mr. Thomas Crawford 
the Magistrand. 

On the 9th of December, Mr. John Stevenson, Dec. 9. 
keeper of the Library, who had succeeded Mr. John 
Mein in that charge, but at what precise time is un- 

M 






178 HISTORY OF THE 

certain, was ordered to make two catalogues of the 
books, one for the Town, and another for the College. 1 
I n Ja nuar y 1658, the Bohemian Protest bequeathed 
to the CoUege by Dr. William Guild, was received, 
and is still preserved in the Library. 2 It was care- 
fully sent by Katharine Holland, his widow. 3 
May 19. On the 19th of Mav, Mr. John Kniland, who had 

Mr. John * . 

taken his degree at the preceding graduation, was 
elected Librarian, in place of Mr. John Stevenson, 
deceased, on condition of his remaining in the office 
six years, under the penalty of 1000 marks in case of 
his withdrawing before that time. It had, as may be 
supposed, been found very inconvenient that the office 
had lately passed in rapid succession through so many 
hands. 

On the 30th of June, certain regulations for bursars 
were adopted by the Town-Council, and inserted 
in their Records, together with the form of an oath 
which they should be required to take for the 
future. 

" RULES ANENT BURSARS. 

" 1. That it be signified by the Regents to all the present bursars 
before the ensuing vacance, and be accordingly settled for time to 
come, that all that are entered to that benefit be present with the 
first after the vacance ended ; and that if any of them shall be 
absent at furthest on the 10th of October, without an invincible 
necessity, clearly certified, abatement shall be made of - 4 , 
by way of penalty, out of their first quarter's allowance ; and that 
on the 15th of October, the examination of the said Bursars shall 

1 Town-Council Records. 371 ; and Sliirreffs Life of Guild, p. 

i Ibid. 74, and note E ; 2d edit. p. 85, and 

See the old Library Catalogues ; note G. 

Maitl.-md's Ilistnrx ,,f Kdml.urgh, p. 4 Blank in the original MS. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 179 

begin, in order to their testimonials, to be given thereupon, accord- 
ing to their deserving, for the continuance or withdrawing of their 
respective provisions ; and if any of them shall be absent on the 
15th of October, then the abatement for penalty to be . l 

" 2. That new entrants that sute for the benefit of a bursary, do 
bring with them, or at least before their admission to it, do procure, 
a sufficient testimonial of their good behaviour and sufficiency from 
the schoolmaster under whom they learned, and from the minister 
of the paiish. 

" 3. That the said entrants do, after due examination by the 
masters of the College, bring from them a testimonial of their quali- 
fication and hopefulness, and present it to the Council of Edinburgh, 
without which they are not to be admitted to any pension greater or 
smaller. 

" 4. That they have, each quarter, in order to their receiving the 
quarter's due, a line of testimony of their continuing proficiency and 
good demeanour, under the hand of the Primar and their own Re- 
gent. 

" 5. That the testimonials for their first admission to bursaries, 
as likewise those renewed after their yearly examinations, be sub- 
scribed by the Primar and Regents, or all, or two of them at least, 
who, at their first entry to their several places, ought solemnly to 
promise to be, to their best discerning, most impartially faithful in 
giving of the said testimonials. 

" 6. That the testimonials, as much as may be, do particularly 
bear the several degrees of the abilities, and whither commendables, 
in the students suiting for these places, so as the eminently preg- 
nable wits, being withal diligent and of good behaviour, may be 
preferred to the best bursaries ; and this more particularly to be 
regarded in reference to those six to be provided out of the last 
gift. 

" 7. That besides the subscribing the form set down in the com- 
mon book of matriculation of all students in this College, there may 
be a particular form of engagement to obedience and good behaviour, 
and what rules [it] shall be thought fit to specify in it, for all the 
Bursars to subscribe apart, and that a book be provided for contain- 
ing the said form and their subscriptions. 

" 8. That if any of them, after better expectation, shall, either 
1 Blank in the original MS. 



180 HISTORY OF THE 

by indiligence and non-proficiency, or by any kind of misdemeanour, 
be found at the close of their course unworthy of their degree, the 
College do not so much wrong both to the nation and to itself, and 
to that degree, as to confer it on them, but according to their de- 
merit seclude them from it : which yet will, in a probability, the 
more rarely fall out, if the former rules for their first admission and 
after continuance be carefully observed. 

"9. That whosoever hath taken his degree in this College, and 
shall after put in for one of the provisions appropriated to students 
in Divinity, it be required of him, besides the common form given 
to all that have taken the same degree, to bring a particular testi- 
monial from the Primar and Regents of his deserving that favour, as 
being of an orderly and grave carriage, and a good proficient in his 
bypast studies ; which, if at all, they will then certainly be best able 
to give after so long time spent under their discipline, and so many 
iterated trials of their sufficiency. 

" That some of the ministers be spoke withal, for using the like 
cautions and rules in conferring the allowances given to scholars in 
this College by the Kirk-Sessions, and that they enact somewhat to 
that purpose. Likewise, if there be any others that present to bur- 
saries here they be spoke with, or writ to, to the same effect, and 
they be desired to return somewhat in writ, testifying their consent 
to a course, regular and reasonable, and so much tending to the good 
of church and commonwealth, seeing this kind of scholars that need 
some help of maintenance, do more generally afterwards apply them- 
selves either to the ministry, or other employments, than those who 
have larger patrimonies or estates to look to. And these Orders to 
be intimated to the College before the time of vacance. 

" Follows the Oath or promise of each Bursar, to be administrat 
to them at their admission : 

" * I, A. B., now admitted a student in the College of Edinburgh, 
and to the benefit of a yearly allowance out of the revenues thereof, 
do solemnly and sincerely promise, as in the sight of God, that I 
will, through the assistance of his grace, endeavour in my whole con- 
versation to behave myself suitably, not only to my present station 
and the favour conferred on me therein, but, which is much more, to 
the high name and calling of a Christian, walking in the fear of God, 
neither giving evil example to others nor taking it from them, nor 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 181 

familiarly ccmversing with any persons given to cursing or swearing, 
or any other vicious practice ; yea, if I know of any such within 
this College, I will faithfully delate them : nor will I ever involve 
myself in fightings or j airings or classical contentions, or any kind 
of factions and disorderly combinements ; yea, upon the first per- 
ceivance of any such thing amongst any persons whatsomever under 
the discipline of this house, I will forthwith discover [it]. Further, 
that I will do my utmost to preserve the fabric of the College from 
being wronged, and will be cheerfully ready to do all duties required 
of me for the service and good thereof, and obedient to the masters 
of it, in whatsoever they shall reasonably command me, white I am 
under their charge ; and while I live will bear that grateful affection 
and respects I owe to this College, and gladly testify it to my power 
upon all occasions. Further, I declare that if, during the time of 
my abode in this College, I shall be found disorderly, disobedient, or 
my carriage any way dissonant to the above mentioned premises, I 
shall justly be accounted to have forfeited in so doing both the 
maintenance I enjoy," and whatsoever other favours or privileges I 
either have or might have expected in this College.' 

" The same rules and promise to be extended, so near as can be, 
to the Bursars of Divinity." 1 

About the end of the same month, the seventieth 1658 
class, consisting of sixty-four students, was brought tieTh 8 cEs 

graduated. 

by Mr. Thomas Crawford to the usual degree. 

Principal Leighton, during his stay in London the A gift of 

I" 1-^1 Booster- 

former vacation, had found means to obtain for the lin s P er . 

annum ob- 

College from the Protector a gift of 200 sterling per SX 

tcctor 

annum out of the Church lands ; and on the 2d of 
July he moved, in a meeting of the Town-Council, 
that the magistrates, ministers, and masters of the 
College should use their endeavours to procure a 
locality for that sum. The College-Treasurer was 
ordered to pay to Mr. Leighton 1000 marks Scots, for 
defraying his expenses to London. 1 

1 Town-Council Records, vol. xix. p. 315. Ibid. 



182 HISTORY OF THE 

At the same meeting the Principal gave in the 
following complaint to the Council : 1st, That there 
were suspected houses near the College ; particularly 
one Mary Kincaid, in the College Wynd, kept an 
irregular house. 2dly, That the students were not so 
good proficients in Philosophy as could be wished ; of 
which the reason was a deficiency in the knowledge 
of grammar. The Council proposed that Mr. Thomas 
Crawford should prepare new Rudiments, and be re- 
warded for his trouble, 
ma An Act of Council was passed on the 30th of July 

July 30. 

SL^X" f r building the Professor of Divinity's house, for 
house 1 S be wiiich a large sum had been bequeathed by Mr. 
Bartholomew Somerville. It stood very near the 
comer of the new College, which is now occupied by 
the house for the Principal, and had a good garden 
adjoining to it. 1 

As it was found difficult to allocate the Protector's 
former grant of an annuity of 200, a new signature 
was obtained from his Highness, specifying the diffe- 
rent lands from which this sum was to be got ; and 
it was given in to the Council on the 20th of August. 2 
Soon after, viz., upon the 3d of September 1658, 
the Protector died of a fever at his palace of White- 
hall. During the time of his Protectorate, Scotland 
had been governed as a conquered province, but with 
great lenity, and the country in general, as well as 
the seats of learning in particular, enjoyed considerable 



See the old inscription. that the College never obtained any 

It is probable, as the Protector's benefit from this graut. 
Icatli in happened September thin. year. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 183 

tranquillity and prosperity. 1 On his death, Monk, 
who had great authority in Scotland, proclaimed 
Richard Cromwell, Oliver's son, Protector. But Rich- 
ard being without capacity for holding So high and 
important an office, was deposed on the 22d of April 
in the following year. 

On the 15th of October 1658, compeared before the 
Town-Council, Mr. Pillans and Mr. W. Tweedie, 
Philosophy Regents, with Mr. James M'Gowan, 
Humanity Regent, who, on account of the state of 
his health, demitted by delivering a pen into the 
Provost's hand. The Council of the College was 
directed to inquire into his condition, and to report 
as to his deserving charity. 2 

On the same day, Sir James Stewart, Lord Provost, 
John Marjoribanks, and William Reid, Bailies, David 
Wilkie, Dean of Guild, William Johnston, Treasurer, 
John Jossie, John Lauder, John Milne, and James 
Lawson, were named College Council for the ensuing 
year. They accepted and took the oath de fideli 
administratione ; and the Town-Council appointed 
their meeting with the Primar, Professors, Regents, 
and Treasurer of the College, to be each first Tuesday 
of the month in the afternoon. 3 

The cautioners of the deceased Mr. John Johnston, 
Librarian, were also appointed to bring in such books 
as had not yet been brought in. 4 

On the 21st of the same month, offer was made by 
the Primar, Mr. Robert Leighton, to preach in the 

1 See Hume's History of England, 3 Town-Council Records, 
chap. Ixi. 4 Ibid. 

2 Town-Council Records. 



184 HISTORY OF THE 

College hall to the scholars, on the Sabbath-day, once 
in two, three, or four weeks, per vices, with the rest 
of the Professors. 1 

On the 17th of November, report was made to the 
Town-Council of a meeting held in the College with 
Judge Mosley, Judge Ker, and Alexander Leslie, 
Writer to the Signet (Mr. John Nisbet, Advocate, 
not having compeared), when they chose Mr. Hugh 
Smith Eegent of Humanity in place of Mr. James 
M 'Go wan. 

On the 30th of the same month, at a meeting of 
the Town-Council and Professors held in the College, 
they appointed the whole writings and papers belong- 
ing to the College to be sought out, put into a chest 
or coffer, and deposited in the charter house or clerk's 
chamber. 2 

On the same day, Mr. Thomas Crawford was ap- 
pointed to draw a draught of the great letters to be 
put upon the board of the Benefactors. 3 

In October, Mr. Thomas Crawford entered upon the 
charge of a new and numerous class. In the list of 
those matriculated at the beginning and afterwards 
there appear 123 names. This probably includes 
all who entered during the whole course of four years. 
Such as entered after the first year, either coming 
from other universities, or found upon examination 
qualified for being admitted at an advanced period of 
the course, were c;ill-d />< /////' ///ex. Mr. John 
Pillans proceeded with the Bachelor, and Mr. William 
Tweedie with the Magistrand class, in place of Mr. Wil- 

1 Town-Council Records. : /Av. > I'.id. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 185 

Ham Forbes, deceased, who had succeeded Mr. James 
Wiseman in the charge of the Bejan class in March 
1656, but did not survive to see them graduated. 

Accordingly, Mr. William Tweedie brought the 1559. 
seventy-first class forward to the usual degree of M.A. JJJ^JJ* 
upon the 14th of July 1659, their number being gl ' aduated 
forty-five. From the printed Theses on this occasion, 
it appears that the solemnity was performed in the 
Lady Tester's Church ; 1 and the disputation was con- 
tinued there from eleven o'clock in the morning 
until the evening. 

After the usual vacation, the Bejan class was com- 
menced in October by Mr. Tweedie, who seems already 
to have acquired great reputation ; for the class was 
very numerous, the list after the matriculation, which 
began on the 13th of October, amounting to 123. Mr. 
Crawford proceeded with the Semi, Mr. Wishart with 
the Bachelor, and Mr. Pillans with the Magistrand 
classes. 

This formed the year of the restoration of Mon- NW. 
archy to Great Britain. On the 1st of May, General 
Monk ventured to announce this event to the Parlia- 
ment of England then convened, where the intel- 
ligence was received with the loudest acclamations ; 
and King Charles the Second having arrived from the 
Continent, entered London on the 29th of the same 
month. The Eestoration was no less acceptable in 
Scotland than it was in England ; and men in both 
kingdoms persuaded themselves that the era of pro- 
sperity and happiness had now arrived. 

1 Lady Tester's Church was built about the year 1654. 



CHAPTEE IV. 

FROM THE RESTORATION TO THE REVOLUTION IN 1688. 

IMO. ON the 19th of July, the seventy-second class, under 
tuition of Mr. James Pillans, was, after solemn dis 



putation in the Lady Tester's Church, advanced to the 
degree of M.A., in number forty-four. 

In the following October, Mr. Pillans entered upon 
the tuition of a new Bejan class, in number ninety- 
four. Mr. Tweedie went forward with the Semi, Mr. 
Thomas Crawford with the Bachelor, and Mr. John 
Wishart with the Magistrand classes. 
mi. The seventy-third class, on the 19th of June, under 

The seventy- * 

the tuition of Mr. John Wishart, in number fifty, 
after solemn disputation in Lady Tester's Church, were 
honoured with the usual degree. On this occasion the 
printed Theses were dedicated to the Earl of Middleton, 
the King's Commissioner to the Scottish Parliament 

This year his Majesty was advised to establish Epis- 
copacy in Scotland, though evidently contrary to the 
inclination of the great body of the people ; and \vlu-n 
persons were sought out to be made Bishops, Dr. 
Robert Leighton, Principal of the College of Edin- 
burgh, being then in London, on his return from Bath, 
where he had been for the recovery of his health, was 
prevailed on to accept of the See of Dumblaiii 1 . He 
was a man of a singularly pious. ;md ivsprrt.-ible char- 



HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 187 

.acter, very learned and eloquent, and extremely modest. 
His character is described in a most favourable manner 
by Bishop Burnet (in his History of his Own Time, 
Book II.), who knew him well. He excelled particu- 
larly in speaking Latin with great fluency and purity, 
which fitted him admirably for the public appearances 
he had to make as the head of a College. Several of 
his prelections to the students of Divinity, as well as 
addresses to the candidates at the annual graduations, 
which are extant in print, 1 do him great honour. He 
presided over the College of Edinburgh with great 
prudence and propriety during the greater part of 
Cromwell's usurpation, but his acceptance of a Bishop- 
ric occasioned a vacancy in this office. The patrons 
of the University now reverted to their former choice, 
and placed the Eev. Mr. William Colvill at the head 
of the College, whom they had formerly elected, but 
superseded before he was installed in the office, in order 
to make way for Mr. Eobert Leighton, now Bishop of 
Dumblane, and afterwards Archbishop of Glasgow. 
What was the precise date of Mr. William ColvilTs 
admission as Principal of the College I have not been 
able to discover, 2 but I find him subscribing the laws 
of the public Library, along with the Professors, on the 
1 1 th December 1662. 

In October, Mr. John Wishart began a new Bejan 
class, eighty-four in number, Mr. Pillans now having 
the Semi, Mr. Tweedie the Bachelor, and Mr. Thomas 
Crawford the Magistrand classes. 

1 [See supra, note, p. 170.] Leighton's resignation, 20th March 

2 [Colvill was elected 'Principal upon 1662. - Town-Council Records.] 



188 HISTORY OF THE 



The seventy- On ^ e 1st of August Mr. Thomas Crawford brought 
the Magistrand class to the usual degree, forty-four in 
number. No printed Theses of this graduation appear. 
Probably Mr. Crawford was excused for not having 
provided any such on this occasion, on account of his 
advanced age and long services in the College. This 
was the last set which he saw graduated, for he died 
towards the close of this year, 1 after having recently 
entered to the charge of the Bejan class in the preced- 
ing October. Mr. Hugh Smith, Professor of Humanity, 
was the person who succeeded him in the professor- 
ship of Philosophy, but not in that of Mathematics, 
which Mr. Crawford had likewise held. 

On the 29th of October 1662, Mr. Hugh Smith re- 
signed his Eegency of Humanity, as he was to enter 
upon some other charge ; and on the 1st of December 
he was chosen Regent of Philosophy in place of Mr. 
Thomas Crawford, deceased. The advice of the Prin 
cipal and Professors was taken on this occasion, which 
"was unanimous in favour of Mr. Smith. Mr. Crawford 
also on his death-bed had recommended him. 2 

Mr. Crawford was one of the most laborious, suc- 
cessful, and celebrated teachers, who had ever appeared 
in this University. He had been, first of all, Professor 
of Humanity, which office he obtained after a very 
strict comparative trial in the year 1626 ; he held it 
only about four years, and then preferred the Kector- 
ship of the High School. From this office he was 
again translated to the College, and made one of the 
Professors of Philosophy in place of Mr. James Wright. 

1 [Crawford died "in the moneth, etc. 1662," probably in October. Register 
of Confirmed Testaments.] * Town-Council Records. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 189 

He was also made public Professor of the Mathematics. 
Both these offices he held till the time of his death. 
Notwithstanding his great diligence and fidelity in the 
discharge of these offices, he found time to draw up a 
most distinct account of this University from its first 
foundation in 1581 till the year 1646. 1 It is to be 
regretted that he did not continue it down to the 
Restoration, as the papers now to be found do not 
furnish, by any means, such ample materials as he, if 
we may judge from what he has written, was pos- 
sessed of. 

After Mr. Crawford's death, Mr. Hugh Smith, his 
successor in the Philosophy professorship, carried for- 
ward the Bejan class, the number of which was 102, 
Mr. John Wishart the Semi, Mr. James Pillans the 
Bachelor, and Mr. William Tweedie the Magistrand 
classes. 

On the 5th of December 16 6 2, Mr. Patrick Scougall 
was chosen Professor of Divinity in place of Mr. David 
Dickson, who had resigned. 

It does not however appear that Mr. Scougall was 
installed; for, on the 22d of January 1664, the Lord 
Provost reported in Council that he had written about 
Mr. Scougall to the Archbishop of St. Andrews, who 
answered, that he had already provided a higher place 
in the Church for Mr. Scougall ; 2 and therefore the 
Provost appointed the Council to consider of some 
other fit person to be Professor of Divinity. 

Mr. William Cumming was, by strict comparative 
trial, chosen to succeed Mr. Hugh Smith in the Pro- 

1 [Crawford's History, or, as the MS. - [Scougall was at this time promoted 
calls it, " Memoires," was printed at to the see of Aberdeen.] 
Edinburgh, 1808, 8vo.] 



190 HISTORY OF THE 

fessorship of Humanity on the 16th of February. So 
that after the resignation of Mr. Eobert Leighton, 
Principal, and the death of Mr. Thomas Crawford, 
Professor of Philosophy and of Mathematics, the Col- 
lege stood as follows : 

Mr. William Colvill, Principal. 

( Vacant.) Professor of Divinity. 

Mr. Hugh Smith, 

Mr. John Wishart, 

n/r T TVMI Professors of Philosophy. 

Mr. James Pillans, 

Mr. William Tweedie, 

( Vacant.) Professor of Mathematics, 

Mr. Alexander Dickson, Professor of Hebrew. 
Mr. William Gumming, Professor of Humanity. 

On the 10th of June 1663, Andrew Anderson was 
elected Town and College Printer in place of Gideon 
Lithgow. 

1663 Mr. William Tweedie graduated the seventy-fifth 
class on the 27th of July 1663. The meeting was 

graduated. * 

held in Lady Tester's Church, and the Theses which 
were the subjects of the solemn disputation were 
dedicated to John, Earl of Rothes, the King's Com- 
missioner to the Scots Parliament. The number of 
the graduates was seventy-one. 

On the llth of September 1663, an Act of Council 
was passed declaring the Town's debt due to the 
College to be 75,732, 13s. 4d. Scots. 

The next Bejan class to which it was Mr. Tweedie's 
turn to enter to the charge of, in the following October, 
consisted of ninety-two. They were matriculated on 
the 14th of next January. Mr. Hugh Smith carried 
forward the Semi, Mr. John Wishart the Bachelor, ;ml 
Mr. James Pillans the Al;i^i>tnmd classes. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 191 

On the 22d of January, the Lord Provost reported 1664. 

January 22. 

about the vacant Professorship of Divinity, etc. 1 He 
said that he had spoken to Mr. Colvill, Principal, who 
wished the place to be supplied immediately, and 
therefore the Provost recommended to the Magistrates 
to consider of fit persons for the charge. On the 
same day a meeting was appointed to be held at 
the College about making exact catalogues of the 
Library. 

On the 2 7th of January, Mr. William Keith, minister 
at Udney, was chosen Professor of Divinity, in place of 
Mr. David Dickson, during the Town's pleasure ; and 
on the 29th he appeared in Council and accepted. 

On the 29th of January it was ordered, that each 
Magistrand should pay four pounds Scots, and each 
Bejan 30s. to the Library, instead of a book usually gifted 
by each. An alphabetical catalogue was to be com- 
pleted ; also a press catalogue to be made ; and another 
of all the books as they came in. William Cumming's 
salary, as Professor of Humanity, was augmented twenty 
pounds Scots. And on the 15th of July Mr. John 
Dunlop, present keeper of the Library, by ticket dated 
September 4, 1662, granted, that he had received from 
Mr. John Kniland, his predecessor, all the books in the 
Library. 2 

On the 18th of July, Mr. Pillans's class, consisting i 6 64. 

... . The seventy- 

oi fifty, were graduated, in the usual manner, in 
Lady Tester's Church ; and after the vacation he be- 
gan the new Bejan class, consisting of ninety-two 
students. Mr. William Tweedie having carried on the 

1 See above, December 5, 1662. 2 Town-Council Records. 



192 HISTORY OF THE 

Semi to the time of his death in February 1665, was 
succeeded in this charge by Mr. William Gumming, 
formerly Professor of Humanity, who now carried on 
the Semi class, not far advanced in their logic. Mr. 
Hugh Smith carried forward the Bachelor to the end 
of the session, and died in August 1665. 

On the 24th of August, the alphabetical and press 
catalogues were produced by Mr. Pillans and Mr. 
Tweedie ; and on the 26th the College Treasurer was 
appointed to receive the rents for chambers in the 
College, and for the future to make them be paid per 
advance. 1 

Feb*22 On the 22d of February 1665, Mr. William Gum- 
ming, Eegent of Humanity, was elected Eegent of 
Philosophy, in place of Mr. William Tweedie, deceased. 
On the 1st of March, Sir Andrew Ramsay, Provost, 
and John Milne, master mason, were appointed to meet 
with the delegates from the College of Justice, to choose 
a Professor of Humanity; and on the 10th of the same 
month Mr. Andrew Ross was chosen. 2 

On the 7th of July, 800 pounds yearly was allowed 
to Alexander Dickson, who had been Professor of 
Hebrew since September 3, 1656. 

The seventy- Mr. John Wishart graduated the Magistrand class, 
consisting of sixty-four, at the conclusion of the 
session, but no printed Theses appear for this gradua- 
tion. He had lately been appointed one of the Com- 
missaries of Edinburgh ; and he now resigned his 
charge in the College. 

On the 16th of August, Mr. George St. Glair 3 was 

Town-Council Records. * Ibid. * [Or Sinclair.] 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 193 

elected Eegent of Philosophy in place of Hugh Smith 
deceased, and accepted. 

In October next, at the meeting of the classes after 
the vacation, Mr. Wishart, now a Commissary, at the 
request of the Town-Council, Principal, and Eegents, 
undertook the charge of the Magistrand class in place 
of Mr. Hugh Smith, lately deceased, that the College 
might suffer as little as possible from so great a mor- 
tality as had lately happened among its Professors. 
Mr. Cumming was desired to assemble the new Bejan 
class ; Mr. Pillans continued with the Semi ; and Mr. 
Andrew Ross, formerly chosen Professor of Humanity, 
but now one of the Philosophy Regents, 1 was set over 
the Bachelor class, which, having been the Semi the 
former session, had been taught with success a part of 
the time by Mr. Cumming. 

On the 10th of November, the Council agreed that 
the Lord Provost, present and to come, should be 
always Rector and Governor of the College. 

It was also agreed that Mr. William Colvill, Primar, 
should be sent for to the Council, and gently reproved 
for having given greater importance to the Commis- 
sioners from the College of Justice, at the choice of 
a Professor of Humanity, than to the Commissioners 
from the Town-Council. 

On the 6th of December, Thomas Bell was elected 
Professor of Humanity. 

On the 2d of March, 1666, Mr. William Somerville, woe. 
student of Divinity, son of John Somerville, deacon of 

1 [Mr. Ross was not promoted to be Notices of Professors of Humanity in 
a Regent of Philosophy till the month a subsequent part of this volume.] 
of November. See notice of Ross in 

N 



194 HISTORY OF THE 

the Skinners, was chosen Librarian, instead of John 
Dunlop, resigned. 

On the 13th of July, Mr. William Douglas, Advo- 
cate, produced to the Town-Council the Earl of 
Teviot's testament, wherein he left 8000 marks, with 
interest due to him by the town, to be bestowed for 
building chambers in the College. 

Mr. Commissary Wishart, who, at the request of 
the Council, Principal, and Regents, had resumed his 
The ^ 6 enty Professorship, brought the seventy-eighth class, as he 
had formerly done the seventy-seventh, to the degree, 
but at what precise time does not appear ; nor are 
there any printed Theses for this solemnity extant in 
the College collection. The number of the graduates 
was fifty-six. 

At the opening of the College next October, there 
being a vacancy in one of the Professorships of Philo- 
sophy, in consequence of Mr. Cumming's having, about 
the end of June, accepted an invitation from the 
Earl of Argyll to undertake the private tuition of his 
son, Lord Lorn, Mr. John Wood was chosen by the 
Council from the number of five candidates, and 
placed over the new Bejan class. As to the Semi and 
the Bachelor classes, Mr. Pillans took the charge of 
the one, and Commissary Wishart that of the other ; 
and Mr. Andrew Ross had that of the Magistrand 
class. 

On the 9th of October, the Principal ;md Professors 
were summoned by the Town-Council to produce a 
certificate under the Bishop's hand, that they li.nl 
taken the oath of allegiance ami supivin;iry. and sub- 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 195 

mitted to and owned the Church government estab- 
lished by law. 

On the same day, compeared Mr. William Keith, 
Professor of Divinity, and produced the Bishop's cer- 
tificate. 

At this time the College stood as follows : 

Mr. William Colvill, Principal. 

Mr. William Keith, Professor of Divinity. 

Mr. James Pillans, \ 

Mr, John Wishart, ( 

,, > Regents of Philosophy. 

Mr. Andrew Ross, f 

Mr. William Gumming,/ 

Mr. Thomas Bell, Professor of Humanity. 

Mr. Alexander Dickson, Professor of Hebrew. 

On the 4th of January, 1667, was reported to the 
Town-Council a legacy, by Professor William Tweedie, 
of 3000 marks to the College. On the same day, the 
four Bailies were appointed to go over to the College, 
and demand of the Primar and four Eegents of Philo- 
sophy, the Bishop's certificate, etc., as above ; and 
such as should not produce it were to have their places 
declared vacant, and their school-doors shut up. 

The seventy-ninth class, which had been first as- 
sembled by Mr. Tweedie in the month of October 
1663, and which, on his death on the 8th of February 
1665, had been carried on by Mr. Cumming to the end 
of the session, was entered to, in October that year, by 

Mr. Andrew Eoss, who carried the class forward to the The seventy- 
ninth Class 

llth of July 1667 ; at which time they received the raduated - 
degree without any printed Theses, and in the absence 
of their own Professor, who had been taken ill of a 



1607. 



196 HISTORY OF THE 

consumption, and died in the succeeding month of 
August. The number of graduates was forty-four. 

In place of Mr. Koss, who had taught with great 
approbation, Mr. William Paterson was called by the 
Council from a Professorship in Marischal College, 
Aberdeen, and intrusted with the charge of the new 
Bejan class, which assembled in October next, 1 and was 
very numerous. At the matriculation, on February 5, 
1668, it consisted of 106. Mr. John Wood had the 
Semi, Mr. James Pillans the Bachelor, and Commis- 
sary Wishart the Magistrand classes. 

In September 1667, Mr. William Henderson was 

chosen Librarian ; and on the 22d of November it 

was ordered that no books should be lent out of the 

Library without a receipt. 

lees. On the last day of April, 1668, the eightieth class, 

The eightieth . . ' r 

1 " uno * er the tuition of Commissary Wishart, were gra- 
duated in the lower hall of the College ; and the 
Theses, on this occasion, which are called "Spicilegia 
hsec philosophica raptissime congesta," were dedicated 
to the Right Hon. Andrew Ramsay, Lord Provost, and 
the rest of the Town-Council. The number of the 
graduates was sixty-three. 

In October, Mr. Wishart entered upon the charge 
of a new class, which was very numerous; for when 
they were matriculated, on the 8th of February follow- 
ing, the list amounted to 122. Mr. William Paterson, 
Mr. John Wood, and Mr. James Pillans, proceeded in 
their order with the other classes. 

1 On the 20th of September, 1667, place of Mr. Andrew Ross, deceased. 
Mr. William Paterson from Aberdeen Town-Council Records. 
was chosen Regent of Philosophy in 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 197 

Upon the 17th of October, the Eev. Mr. William 
Colvill, Primar, having called together the Kegents 
into the Bibliothec, after he had laid before them the 
necessity of a timely reparation of the discipline of the 
College, which in some things seemed to come short 
of the ancient Statutes appointed at the foundation, 
they unanimously concluded upon sixteen Articles; 
which, upon the 10th of November, a Council being 
holden, were confirmed by the honourable the patrons 
of the College. 

These Articles are as follows : 

" 1 . That whosoever, whether countryman or stranger, should 
desire to be admitted into the Semi class, not having somewhere 
been a Bejan before, the "Regent of the said class shall not receive 
him till first the Primar be acquainted, who is to appoint the Magis- 
trand and the Baccalaur Regents to examine him ; and if they find 
him to have any competent skill in the Greek language, they are to 
signify the same under their hand, or by word, unto the Semi Regent, 
who, till then, is declared unfree to receive him into his class. This 
Article is to stand in force the four subsequent years ; at [the expira- 
tion of] which time the honourable patrons and masters of the College 
may either confirm it anew, or change it, as they shall see cause. 

"2. That in the winter time, the whole scholars shall convene 
eveiy day before seven in the morning in their respective schools ; 
the Catalogue immediately after prayer shall be called ; and the ab- 
sents shall be noted and fined, or otherwise punished, at the discretion 
of the Regent. 

"3. That in every class the censor write two doubles of the Cata- 
logue, and ascribe to every name the place of residence, that in case 
of their absence they may be sought after at their quarters or lodg- 
ings ; and that one of these Catalogues be given to the Primar, and 
the other to the respective Regent. 

" 4. That the Regents in teaching shall follow, as near as can be, 
the rules set down in the Statutes, until it seem good unto the visi- 
tors appointed by his Majesty, if they see cause, [to appoint] another 
method of learning and discipline. 



198 HISTORY OF THE 

"5. For preventing of tumults at the scholars' entry, that the 
Hebdomadar shall be present every day at half an hour past six in the 
morning ; at half an hour past nine in the forenoon ; and, upon the 
days that the College meets in the afternoon, at half an hour past 
one. And if the Hebdomadar have any reasonable business to de- 
tain him from the performance of his charge, he shall supply his 
place by one of his colleagues. 

" 6. That none of the scholars in the morning, or at any other 
time, be permitted to stand within the gate, or to play, or to walk in 
the higher or lower yard, under the sight of any of the masters. 

" 7. That the censors, in their respective classes, observe such as 
speak Scots, curse, swear, or have any obscene expressions, that the 
Regent may censure them according to the degree of their offence. 

" 8. That in the public disputes of the superior with the inferior 
class, the superiors shall have the first oration ; and that the subject 
matter shall not be an opinion contradictory to the other Regent ; 
but for avoiding contradictions in orations, they may use their liberty 
of contradiction in the disputes. 

" 9. That, before the Laureation, the public Theses to be disputed 
shall be revised, and cognosced upon by the whole faculty ; and that 
nothing be suffered to be printed in them that is contrary to faith 
and good manners. 

" 1 0. That the Regents shall study to be as concise and brief in 
their dictates as possibly they can, that there may be more time for 
examination and dispute ; and that, before the dismission in the fore 
or afternoon, a task be prescribed to be got at home ; and that the 
next morning the Regent take an account thereof. 

"11. That, in teaching a compend of the Metaphysics, the Regents 
insist most upon the general part ; and if they teach anything of the 
special part, de Hypostasi existentia, etc., they do it with all circum- 
spection, retaining the form of sound words, according to the analogy 
of faith, and shun such expressions as may seem to favour any heresy 
that oppugns the doctrine of the Holy Trinity. 

"12. For suppression of tumults, for which the College gets 
a bad report, it is ordained, that none of the scholars stand at the 
gate, or in the stairs and passages to the classes, and that censors 
shall be deputed by the respective Regents who shall delate the 
transgressors, and every one of them shall be fined in two shillings 
Scots, for the use of the Bibliothec. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 199 

" 13. That no scholar be troublesome to another by shouldering 
or tossing ; for seeing these are the occasions of fighting, whosoever 
shall be found guilty of tossing, for every time he shall be amerced 
in four shillings Scots, for the use above mentioned ; and whosoever 
shall throw snow balls or cast stones, or use the hand ball, shall be 
liable every time for the same fine . 

"14. That if any shall strike his neighbour, he shall be chastised 
according to the ancient Statutes of the College, according to the 
demerit of the fault ; but whosoever shall be head and ringleader 
in a tumult, shall be extruded and thrust out of the College with 
disgrace and ignominy. 

< ; 15. That whatsoever scholar shall be deprehended playing, or 
carelessly walking up and down in any of the courts or yards the 
time of the meeting in their schools, for every fault he shall be 
mulcted in a shilling Scots, for the use foresaid. 

"16. That the Janitor at all times, when there is any meeting in 
the schools, shall stand punctually by the gate, and shall permit none 
of the scholars to go out without an express command from their 
proper or respective Regent. 

" By the command of the honourable Senate and Patrons of 
the College, the right Reverend Primar, and the respective 
Professors and Regents, These Articles were written and inserted 
in the Register of the College, the last of November 1668, 
" By me, W. H., Bibliothecar" 1 

As to the Professor of Mathematics, he was appointed 
to teach publicly Arithmetic, Geometry, Cosmography, 
Astronomy, Optics, upon Tuesdays and Fridays, in the 
afternoon from two to three during the winter season, 
but after the beginning of March, from three to four ; 
all the Regents with their respective scholars being 
present ; at least the Hebdomadar must be present 
with the scholars. 

On the 19th of July 1669, the eighty-first class, 

1 [See p. 196 for Henderson's appoint- University of Edinburgh, MS. in Col- 
nient as Librarian.] Register of the lege Library, pp. 54-56. 



200 HISTORY OF THE 

1669. under the tuition of Mr. James Pillans, were graduated 

The eighty- 

JSdStS. m tne P u klk hall- of the College ; and the Theses were 
dedicated to Sir Andrew Eamsay of Abbotshall, Lord 
Provost, and the rest of the Town Council. The 
number of the graduates was forty-five. In the 
ensuing October, the Bejan class was assembled by 
Mr. Pillans ; and the number at the matriculation in 
the following February was seventy. Mr. Wishart, 
Mr. Paterson, and Mr. Wood, proceeded in their order 
with the other three classes. 

16-0. On the 18th of July 1670, the eighty-second class, 
* 53 un( ^ er ^ ne tuition of Mr. John Wood, were graduated 



in Lady Tester's Church. The Theses, printed in a 
small 8vo form, are dedicated by Mr. Wood in strains 
abundantly fulsome to Sir Andrew Eamsay of Abbots- 
hall Knight, Lord Provost of Edinburgh, and to his 
son, Sir Andrew Eamsay junior, of Waughton, Bass, 
etc., Knight Baronet. The number of the graduates 
was fifty-three, and four more were privately gra- 
duated at different times. In the following October, 
the new Bejan class was convened by Mr. Wood, and 
forty-three were matriculated on the 9th of February 
next. The other classes were conducted in their order 
by Mr. Pillans (who matriculated forty-nine super- 
venients on the 12th February 1671), Mr. Wishart, 
and Mr. Paterson. 
i67i. Mr. Paterson graduated the eighty-third class, con- 
siting of fifty, on the 17th of July 1671, in Lady 
Tester's Church. The Theses were again dedic;ii<l 
to Sir Andrew Eamsay, still Lord Provost, and to 
the Council. In October, Mr. Paterson assembled 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 201 

the new Bejan class, which, at the matriculation in 
the ensuing March, consisted of seventy-two. The 
other three classes were conducted in their order by 
Mr. Wood (who matriculated thirty-six supervenients 
in 1672 and 1673), Mr. James Pillans, and Mr. John 
Wishart. 

On the 27th of January 1672, delegates from the 
different Universities of the kingdom met in the 
Library of the College of Edinburgh, to deliberate 
about the general concerns of the Universities. There 
appeared from St. Andrews, Dr. Andrew Bruce ; from 
Glasgow, Mr. John Tran ; from Aberdeen, Mr. Alex- 
ander Middleton ; and from Edinburgh, Mr. William 
Colvill and Mr. William Keith. Mr. Colvill, Primar 
of the College of Edinburgh, was chosen Preses, and 
Mr. William Henderson, Librarian of the said College, 
Clerk. They agreed 

1. To petition the Lords of the Privy Council to 
grant an Act prohibiting all, but the Professors in the 
Universities, to convene and teach the youth in this 
kingdom, the languages and philosophy taught in the 
Universities. 

2. That the said delegates, upon obtaining their 
petition, shall then consider of the mode of carrying 
it into execution. 

3 . That the Committee of the Council for consider- 
ing the grievances of the Universities, may report to the 
Lords of Council respecting an Act for prohibiting the 
several Universities to receive any student coming 
from another University, without a certificate from all 
the Professors, or at least from the Principal, and 



202 HISTORY OF THE 

from the particular Master of that College, where he 
had formerly studied ; and that the same rule be ob- 
served relative to the graduation of any student com- 
ing from another College and demanding a degree. 

4. That none shall be admitted per saltum to 
higher classes without studying the proper time at 
those previous in order, except foreign students, who 
upon trial shall be found qualified. 

At a subsequent meeting of the same delegates, in 
the same place, on the 2d of February, Dr. Bruce 
reported, that the Privy-Council had granted their 
petition, and had passed an Act accordingly. Where- 
upon it was resolved : 

1. That each delegate should take an extract of the 
Act of Council, and have it intimated in the most pub- 
lic meeting of their several societies. 

2. To advise with their several Universities about 
the impropriety of giving the degree to all promiscu- 
ously, who have studied philosophy for four years, 
whether the candidates deserve honour or not. 

3. To advise with their constituents about a unifor- 
mity of teaching in all the Universities. 

4. To propose that some method may be taken to 
prevent the practice of canvassing for scholars to the 
several Universities. 

5. To consider about the times of convening and dis- 
solving the sessions of the Universities, that there may 
be a uniformity in these. 

6. That the Theses at the graduation be inspected 
and approved by the respective faculties ; and that the 
Preses of the Faculty shall signify under his ha ml. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 203 

that there is nothing in them contrary to the true reli- 
gion and good manners, before they be printed. 

7. That the meeting of delegates may, for the 
future, be on the 2d Tuesday of May, if the Parliament 
be then sitting. If otherwise, the next meeting to be 
on the first Tuesday of August next, in the same year 
1672. 

In July, Commissary Wishart brought the eighty- 1072. 
fourth class to the usual degree, after solemn disputa- 



tion in Lady Tester's Church. The Theses were dedi- 
cated in the most flattering terms to the Duke of 
Lauderdale, the King's Commissioner for holding the 
Parliament ; and the number who took the degree was 
fifty-two, fourteen privately, and the others publicly. 
In October, Mr. Wishart again undertook the tuition 
of a new class, the number of which, at matriculation 
on the 18th of March following, was eighty-five. Mr. 
Paterson, in the Semi, matriculated thirty-one super- 
venients ; Mr. Ward had the Bachelor ; and Mr. 
Pillans the Magistrand class. 

The eighty-fifth class, under the tuition of Mr. Pil- i 78 . 
lans, were graduated, some privately, and forty five 
publicly, on the 21st of July 1673, patronized by the 
Lords of Session, to whom the Theses were dedicated ; 
where it is insinuated, that the former splendour of the 
ceremony at the graduation, had been supported by 
the countenance and presence of the bench, though, for 
some time past, it had suffered a considerable diminution. 

In October, Mr. Pillans assembled the new Bejan 
class, which amounted, at the matriculation in next 
February 25th, to the number of fifty-nine. Mr. 



204 HISTORY OF THE 

Wishart in the Semi had thirty -two supervenients ; 
Mr. Paterson had the Bachelor ; and Mr. John Wood 
the Magistrand class. 

1674. On the 1 7th of June 16 74, the salary of Mr. William 

Henderson, Bibliothecar, was augmented from 400 

marks to 600 yearly, in consideration of his great 

diligence. 1 

The eighty- The eighty-sixth class, under the tuition of Mr. 

sixth Class 

graduated. Wood, were graduated on the 27th of July in Lady 
Tester's Church, in number forty-three. The Theses 
are printed in small 8vo, and dedicated to Sir Alex- 
ander Fraser, Bart., chief physician to the King. 

On the 12th of August, the salary of Alexander 
Dickson, Professor of Hebrew, was reduced from 800 
marks to 700. And on the 14th, the Council appointed 
the College Treasurer to pay to Mr. George Sinclair, 
Professor of Mathematics, ten pounds sterling as 
the last year's salary, and 100 marks by way of 
gratuity. 2 

Next October, Mr. Wood commenced the new Bejan 
class, thirty-eight in number at the ensuing matricula- 
tion in April 1675. Mr. Pillans in the Semi had an 
accession of twenty-six supervenients. Commissary 
Wishart had the Bachelor, and Mr. William Paterson 
the Magistrand class. 

This year Mr. James Gregory, a celebrated Professor 
of Mathematics at St. Andrews, was called by the 
Town-Council to the same profession in this Univer- 
sity ; and about the end of November he held his in- 
augural oration, in a public meeting of the University, 

1 Town Council Records. - 1><<I. 



Class 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 205 

in presence of the Town-Council and many other illus- 
trious and learned hearers. 

The eighty-seventh class, under Mr. Paterson, was ws. 

* The eighty- 

graduated on the 19th of July 1675, after solemn dis- 

putation in Lady Tester's Church, the Theses being 
dedicated to the Right Honourable James Currie, Lord 
Provost, and the other members of the Town-Council, 
patrons of the University. The number of the gra- 
duates was forty-eight. 

In October, as usual, Mr. Paterson, in his turn, as- 
sembled the new Bejan class, consisting of eighty- 
four at the matriculation on the 24th of March 16*76. 
Mr. Wood proceeded with the Semi, having an acces- 
sion of seventeen supervenients. Mr. Pillans and Mr. 
Wishart in their order had the charge of the Bachelor 
and Magistrau d classes. 

Upon the death of Mr. Colvill, Principal, the Rev. 
Mr. Andrew Cant, minister of the College Kirk, was, 
on the 29th of September 1675, unanimously chosen, 
by the Town-Council, his successor in that office, with 
a salary of 2000 marks, and 1600 marks as minister of 
the East Kirk of St. Giles, with the house and yards 
of former Principals. He held his public inaugural 
oration upon the 15th day of November. 

On the 3d of November, upon a petition of Mr. John 
Young, student, to the Town-Council, he was allowed 
by the Council to teach Mathematics in the College, 
and a chamber was given him for that purpose, with 
a promise of having granted him a reward or honorary 
according to his behaviour. And on the 24th, Mr. 
Laurence Charteris was chosen Professor of Divinity, 



206 HISTORY OF THE 

in place of Dr. William Keith, deceased, with a salary 
of 1600 marks and a house in the College. 1 

On the 15th of December, the salary of Mr. Alex- 
ander Dickson, Professor of Hebrew, was augmented 
by the Town-Council to 1000 marks from 700, to 
which it had formerly been diminished. 2 
1676. On the 26th of January 1676, John Young, teacher 
of Mathematics, who had taught for the deceased 
James Gregory, was allowed by the Town-Council 300 
marks yearly. 

The eighty- The eighty-eighth class, under Commissary Wishart, 

graduated. W6 re brought to the usual degree, forty-four of them 

publicly, and nineteen privately ; but it does not 

appear that there were any printed Theses on this 

occasion. 

In October, Mr. Wishart, still retaining his Profes- 
sorship along with his office of Commissary, began the 
new Bejan class, in number forty-four at the ensuing 
matriculation on the 22d of March. Mr. William 
Paterson proceeded with an accession of forty-three 
supervenients in the Semi ; Mr. Wood had the 
charge of the Bachelor ; and Mr. Pillans that of the 
Magistrand class. 

On the 10th of November, John Nicol or Nicolson, 
was deposed by the Town -Council from his office of 
Janitor, for misbehaviour in resisting the Town-officers, 
in rescuing some persons taken at a conventicle, and 
John Brown, merchant, was elected during his good 
behaviour. 1 
1*77. On the 28th of May 1677, two Acts of the Secret 

Town-Council R<Tord. 2 //,///. 3 fhi.t. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 207 

Council were read in the Town-Council ; the one re- 
quiring the Professors to take the oath of allegiance 
and supremacy, and to own the Episcopal govern- 
ment ; and the other ordaining the students to take 
these oaths at their laureation. 

On the 1st of August, John Young's salary as Pro- 
fessor of Mathematics was augmented by the Council 
from 300 marks to 400. 

Mr. Pillans held the graduation of his class, bein 1577. 

& Theeighty- 

the eighty-ninth, on the 3d of August, consisting of Jjjg^jjj 1 
sixty-five candidates ; l and the Theses were dedicated 
to the Duke of Lauderdale, whose power in Scotland 
at this time was enormous. 

In October, Mr. Pillans entered on the charge of the 
new Bejan class, which, at the matriculation in the 
ensuing March, consisted only of thirty-five. Mr. 
Wishart in the jSerni had an accession of forty-two 
supervenients ; Mr. Paterson proceeded with the 
Bachelor class ; and Mr. Wood had the charge of the 
Magistrand. 

The ninetieth class, under the tuition of Mr. Wood, i67s. 

The ninetieth 

were all graduated privately, 16/8, at different times, 
being only fourteen in number. 2 

These four Professors of Philosophy, Mr. Pillans, 
Mr. Wishart, Mr. Paterson, and Mr. Wood, had now 

1 [The Theses, as \ve learn from the of them by the act of the Privy Council 
printed copy, were to be disputed on just referred to, and therefore did not 
the 3d of August, and the number of get their degree. The number who 
the names of the candidates for the de- graduated was only twenty-three, and 
gree of Master of Arts, appended to the all these were graduated privately, ex- 
Theses, is sixty-five. But there was no cept three, who got their degree pub- 
public laureatiou this year. The great licly in Mr. William Paterson's class- 
majority of the students, it would ap- room, August 5, 1679. Record of 
pear, refused to take the oaths, and Laureations.] 
come under the engagement required 2 [g e e preceding note.] 



208 HISTORY OF THE 

been colleagues without interruption since the year 
1667, during ten years. 

In October 16*78, Mr. Wood entered again upon the 
charge of the new Bejan class, but died on the 22d 
1079 . of March following. Upon which Mr. Gilbert M'Murdo, 
Professor of Humanity, was chosen in his place, upon 
the recommendation of his colleagues, on the 2d of 
April, and proceeded with this new class in the study 
of the Greek, which they had lately begun. They 
were matriculated May 1, 1679, in number fifty- seven. 
In Mr. M'Murdo's place, as Professor of Humanity, Mr. 
Alexander Cunningham was chosen by comparative 
trial upon the 14th of the same month. 

Mr. James Pillans had now the charge of the Semi 
class, with fifteen supervenients ; Mr. John Wishart 
that of the Bachelor ; and Mr. William Paterson that 
of the Magistrand class. . 

On the 16th of April 1679, Alexander Amedeus, 
a Florentine, was chosen Professor of Hebrew for a 
year, with a salary of 600 marks Scots, in place of Mr. 
Alexander Dickson, who had not given satisfaction to 
his Majesty's Privy Council as to the engagement. 1 
The ninety- The ninety-first class, under the tuition of Mr. 

first Class f 

William Paterson, were graduated on the 5th of August 
in the public hall of the University. The Theses 
were dedicated to the Earl of Moray ; and the number 

1 Town-Council Records. See Wod- government of the church by Arch- 
row's History, vol. ii. p. 3 [new edit. bishops, as then established. 11<- 
vol. iii. p. 3], about the Professors was the only one of the Professors 
taking oaths. [Dickson refused to of the College of Edinburgh who re- 
subscribe the oaths of allegiance and fused to do so. He was deprived of 
supremacy, and an engagement that his diair by the orders of the Privy- 
he would submit to and own tlif 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 209 

of graduates was thirty-seven. 1 In a note at the be- 
ginning of the printed Theses, it is said, that about 
sixty more students, who had attended this class 
during the whole course of four years, were not 
inserted in the list, as they were not to be present 
at the graduation. 

Mr. William Paterson resigned his office in the 
College upon being made Clerk to the Privy-Council, 
and in his place was chosen, September 19, 1679, Mr. 
Andrew Massie, formerly a Professor in King's Col- 
lege, Aberdeen, who accordingly entered to the charge 
of the new Bejan class, of which the number, at the 
matriculation in April following, was fifty-three. Mr. 
Gilbert M'Murdo had the Semi class, with an accession 
of thirty supervenients, matriculated also in April. 
Mr. Pillans had the Bachelor, and Commissary Wishart 
the Magistrand. 

The ninety-second class, under the charge of Mr. leso. 

* The ninety- 

Wishart, were brought to the usual period of graduation 
by him, in number thirty-nine, but the greater part 
of them were graduated privately at different times ; 
and the Commissary at last finally resigned his Pro- 
fessorship on the 14th of July 1680. 2 When he had 
been requested to retain his office in the College, a 
good many years before, the Principal indulged him 
with license of absence for certain hours, when his 
attendance was necessary in the Commissary Court. 

1 [The iramber of candidates for the Of this number, for the reason assigned 

degree of Master of Arts prefixed to the in note, p. 207, only thirty-seven ob- 

printed Theses is fifty-eight. The class, tained the degree of Master of Arts.] 
then, including the sixty mentioned in 2 Town-Council Records, 
the next sentence, amounted to 118. 



210 HISTORY OF THE 

In place of Mr. Wishart was chosen by the patrons, 
on the same 14th of July, Mr. Alexander Cockburn, 
formerly a Professor in St. Leonard's College, St. 
Andrews, who undertook the charge of the new Bejan 
class ; which, being matriculated in May 1681, was in 
number fifty -one. Mr. Andrew Massie had the charge 
of the Semi class, with the accession of fifty-six super- 
venients, matriculated May 6th. Mr. M'Murdo had 
the charge of the Bachelors, and Mr. Pillans that of 
the Magistrand class. 

In December 1680, the students issued the follow- 
ing advertisement for burning the Pope in efiigy : 

"AN ADVERTISEMENT. 

" These are to give notice to all Noblemen, Gentlemen, Citizens, 
and others, That We, the STUDENTS in the ROYAL UNIVERSITY of 
EDINBURGH (to show our Detestation and Abhorrence of the Romish 
Religion, and Our Zeal and Fervency for the PROTESTANT), Do 
Resolve to Bum the Effigies of ANTICHRIST, the POPE of ROME, at 
the Mercat-Cross of Edinburgh, the 25 of December Instant, pre- 
cisely at Twelve a-Clock in the Forenoon, (being the Festival of our 
SAVIOUR'S Nativity) : And since we hate Tumults, as we do Super- 
stition, we do hereby (under the Pain of Death) Discharge all 
Plunderers, Robbers, Thieves, Whores, and Bawds, to come within 
40 Paces of Our Company, and such as shall be found disobedient 
to these Our Commands, Sibi Gaveant. 

"By Our Special Command, ROBERT BROWN, Secretary 
of State to all Our Theatrical and Extra-literal 
Divertisements." 1 

isi On the 23d of February, the Kegents being con- 

1 Printed copy inserted in a volume Wodrow's History, vol. ii. p. 217. 

of Theses, large folio, belonging to the See also the Act of Privy-Council passed 

University of Edinburgh. See about in consequence of this. Ibid. Appen- 

the students burning the Pope in effigy, dix, No. 72. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 211 

vened before the Town-Council, intimation was made 
to them, that they were to take security from each of 
the students in their several classes, and from their 
parents (as is prescribed by the Act of his Majesty's 
Privy-Council) ; and that the bonds and engagements 
of the youths were to be inserted in a book, and sub- 
scribed by them and their cautioners, before two 
witnesses, to be kept in the Library by the Librarian, 
to be seen by his Majesty's Privy-Council, etc. 

On the 20th of April, Mr. James Pillans, Regent of 
Philosophy, being now very old, and having been Pro- 
fessor thirty-seven years, resigned his office in favour 
of his son-in-law, Mr. Robert Lidderdale, governor to 
the Laird of Dalmeny, who was chosen in his place. 1 

On the 30th of September, Mr. Alexander Douglas, 
student of Theology, was elected Professor of Hebrew, 
in consequence of the removal of Alexander Amedeus, 
late Professor thereof, his salary to be 600 marks. 2 

The ninety-third class, under the charge of Mr. 

J 

Pillans, were, after solemn disputation, brought to the 
usual degree, in number thirty-one. 3 The Theses on 
this occasion were dedicated to James Duke of Al- 
bany and York, etc., afterwards James the Seventh of 
Scotland and Second of Great Britain. 

In October ensuing, Mr. Robert Lidderdale, under- 
took the charge of the new Bejan class, and on the 
18th of April 1682, matriculated fifty students. Mr. 
Alexander Cockburn proceeded with the Semi, having 

1 Town-Council Eecords. Theses is thirty-one. The number 

2 Ibid. who were graduated was twenty-three ; 
s [The names of the candidates for and these obtained their degree at 

the degree appended to the printed different times. Book of Laureations.] 



1681. 
ninet 
third Class 



212 HISTORY OF THE 

got an accession of thirty-two supervenients. Mr. 
Massie had the charge of the Bachelor, and Mr. M'Murdo 
that of the Magistrand. 
1682. The ninety-fourth class, under the tuition of Mr. 

The ninety- J 

ESteST Gilbert M'Murdo, were brought to the usual time for 
graduation; but, though there were printed Theses, 
with fifty-two names annexed, prepared for this cere- 
mony, all the candidates seem to have received the 
degree privately. 1 

In October, Mr. M'Murdo in course entered to the 
charge of the Bejan class, which, at the matriculation, 
amounted to fifty-seven in number. Mr. Eobert 
Lidderdale now had the charge of the Semi, with 
thirty-two supervenients ; Mr. Alexander Cockburn 
that of the Bachelor ; and Mr. Andrew Massie that 
of the Magistrand. 
less. The ninety-fifth class, under the tuition of Mr. 

The ninety- 

Andrew Massie, were brought to the usual time of 
graduation ; and a printed copy of Theses, dedicated 
to the Earl of Aberdeen, Chancellor of the kingdom, 
was prepared on this occasion, with the names of 
eighty-eight candidates. But the graduation seems 
to have been performed in private, at different times. 
On and before the 25th of April, ten appear to have 
taken the degree, after signing the usual Sponsio ; 
after which, there is inserted in the graduation-book 
at full length, the oath of allegiance to King Charles 
the Second, which is subscribed by about twenty-two, 
all graduating privately, at different times, from July 

1 [Of the fifty-two candidates whose only twenty-two obtained their degree, 
names appear in the printed Theses, See note,'p. 207.] 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 213 

20, 1683, to March 28, 1689 j 1 and among them Mr. 
David Gregory, Professor of Mathematics, and Mr. 
Eobert Henderson, afterwards Librarian. 

This year Mr. David Gregory entered upon the 
profession of Mathematics, with an inaugural oration 
" De Analyseos Geometricae progressu et incremento," 
as successor to his late uncle Mr. James Gregory, 
who had died, very much regretted, in the year 1675. 
He was chosen Professor of Mathematics, on the 
17th of October. His salary was 1000 pounds. 
Young seems never to have been Professor, but only 
teacher authorized by the Town-Council. 

Oh the 26th of October the Eev. Primar and 
remanent Professors being met in the Bibliothec, for 
divers weighty reasons, unanimously consented and 
agreed to alter the diet appointed to Mr. James 
Gregory (See October 17, 1668), and ordained that 
Mr. David Gregory, Professor of Mathematics, should 
read publicly twice a week in the common schools 
of the College, viz., betwixt the hours of ten and 
eleven in the forenoon on Monday and Friday, and 
that from the 1st of December to the last of May each 
year ; and ordained that all the students in the said 
College, together with the Masters, at least the Heb- 
domadar for the time, should be present at the said 
lessons. 2 

In the beginning of December, Dr. John Strachan 
was elected Professor of Divinity, in place of the late 
Mr. Laurence Charteris. 

i [Thus only thirty-two of the eighty- ~ Register of the University of Edin- 
eight candidates for the degree of burgh, MS. in College Library, p. 59. 
Master of Arts obtained that honour.] 



214 HISTORY OF THE 

In October, Mr. Andrew Massie began a new course 
with the Bejan class, in number forty-nine. And Mr. 
Gilbert M'Murdo, who had begun the session with the 
charge of the Semi class, having died in the month 
1684. of December, Mr. Herbert Kennedy, January 2, 1684, 
was elected in his place ; but whether by comparative 
trial or not does not appear. Of this class the super- 
venients were twenty-five. Mr. Lidderdale proceeded 
with the Bachelor, and Mr. Alexander Cockburn with 
the Magistrand. 

On the 21st of March 1684, the salary of Mr. Alex- 
ander Douglas, Professor of Hebrew, was augmented 
from 600 marks to 1000. 

The ninety- The ninety-sixth class, under Mr. Alexander Cock- 
sixth Class . 

graduated. l) Urn ^ were brought to the usual period for graduation. 
In the printed Theses, dedicated to the Marquis of 
Queensberry, Lord Treasurer, there are inserted the 
names of fifty-one candidates ; but by the graduation 
book only thirty-two seem to have graduated, and 
subscribed the oath of allegiance, several of them pri- 
vately. 1 

In October, Mr. Cockburn entered upon the charge 
of the new class, which, when matriculated in March, 
amounted to the number of fifty-six ; Mr. Andrew 
Massie, in the Semi, had thirty-five supervenients ; 
Mr. Herbert Kennedy had the charge of the Bachelor ; 
and Mr. Robert Lidderdale that of the Magistrand. 

On the 21st of November, Mr. Robert Henderson 
was admitted Librarian, probably conjunctly with Mr. 
William Henderson. 

i [See note, p. 20?.] 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 215 

On the 6th of February 1685, died King Charles 
the Second, and was succeeded by his brother, now 
James the Second, of Great Britain, a prince who, 
by his bigotry and arbitrary principles, soon after for- 
feited the throne. The Colleges, not only in England, 
but also in Scotland, felt their share of his tyrannical 
influence. 

Upon a letter from the Earl of Perth, who was 
Chancellor, the Town-Council installed Sir Kobert 
Sibbald, Doctor of Physic, in the College, on the 27th 
of March this year ; and, on the 1 6th of September 
following, James Halket and Archibald Pitcairn, Doc- 
tors of Physic, were called also by the Council to be 
Professors of Medicine, that they might unite their 
endeavours with Sir Kobert Sibbald in teaching that 
science in this University. They had no salary, nor 
does it appear that they were ever anything but 
nominal professors. Their efforts, if they ever made 
any, for founding a medical school, proved unsuccessful. 
That honour was reserved to others at a later period. 

Sir Eobert, " who had," says Bishop Burnet, 1 " lived 
in a course of philosophical virtue, but in great doubts 
as to revealed religion, was prevailed on by the Earl 
of Perth to turn Papist, in hopes to find that certainty 
among them which he could not arrive at upon his 
own principles." This conversion did not happen till 
the year 1686. Sibbald, ashamed of his turning 
Catholic, went some time out of the way, and then 
returned and recanted. 2 

1 History of his own Time, folio edit. History of Ins own Time, vol. i. p. 680, 
vol. i. p. 680. fol. ; and FountainhalTs Decisions, 

2 See Sibbald's recantation in Burnet's vol. i. p. 415. 



216 HISTORY OF THE 

^ ne ninety-seventh class, under the tuition of Mr. 
Robert Lidderdale, was brought to the usual time of 

duated. 

graduation in 1685. In the printed Theses prepared 
on this occasion, and dedicated to the Duke of 
Queensberry, the King's Commissioner, there is a list 
of fifty students ; but from the Graduation-book, in 
which the oath of allegiance to James the Second is 
inserted at full length, it does not appear that more 
than twenty-two took the degree and subscribed the 
oaths, and that, too, at different times and privately. 

The College, soon after its meeting in October, sus- 
tained a great loss by the death of Mr. Andrew Cant, 
the Principal, which happened on the 4th of December. 
In his place was elected, on the 9th of the same 
month, Dr. Alexander Monro, Professor of Divinity in 
the University of St. Andrews, a respectable man, but 
attached to Episcopacy. He was to have for salary 
2000 marks as Principal, and 1600 marks as Minister 
of the High Kirk. 1 

Mr. Lidderdale, who had begun the Bejan class this 
year at the usual time, matriculated only twenty -nine 
students on the 7th of April following ; Mr. Cockburn 
went on in the Semi with the accession of thirty-two 
supervenients ; Mr. Massie with the Bachelor ; and 
Mr. Herbert Kennedy had the charge of the Magis- 
trand class. 

On the 31st of March 1686, the Bishop of Edin- 
burgh, Mr. John Paterson, procured himself to be 
created Chancellor of the College of Edinburgh, by a 
gift from the King ; which he endeavoured, but 

1 Town-Council Records. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 217 

without success, to get ratified in Parliament, June 
15, 1686. 1 

The ninety-eighth class, under the care of Mr. Her- iss. 

J t Theninety- 

bert Kennedy, finished their fourth course in 1 6 8 6 ; 
and twenty-four out of the fifty, the number which 
appears in the printed Theses, were graduated privately 
at different times. 2 

Mr. Kennedy, in October, entered to the charge of 
the new Bejan class, which, at the matriculation, the 
9th of the following March, consisted of seventy-four. 

Mr. Robert Lidderdale having died in October, Mr. 
Thomas Burnet, formerly a Professor in Marischal 
College, Aberdeen, was chosen by the Council, on 
the 15th of that month, to succeed him, and under- 
took the charge of the Semi class. This Professor 
was recommended to the patrons by the Earl of 
Perth, Chancellor, who was a Roman Catholic. Mr. 
Burnet had distinguished himself the preceding summer 
by publishing printed Theses, and dedicating them 
to the Duke of Gordon, in which he asserted the 
King's absolute power ; 3 and the Magistrates of Edin- 
burgh, Sir Thomas Kennedy being Provost, honoured 
him with their presence at his introduction into their 
College. 4 He was suspected of being friendly to 
Popery ; for which reason most of the parents of the 
students that were to enter to the second class, which 
w r as to be under his charge, were disposed to send 
them back to the first or Bejan class. But Dr. Monro, 

1 See Fountainhall's Decisions, vol. i. May 26, 1686. See about Burnet's 
pp. 412, 418. Theses, Ibid. vol. i. p. 415. 

2 [See Catalogue of the Edinburgh 4 Fountainhall's Decisions, vol. i. 
Graduates, p. 128.] p. 425. 



218 HISTORY OF THE 

the Principal, supposing the suspicion against Mr. 
Burnet to be a calumny, got the Senatus Academicus 
to pass an act that all the students formerly under 
Mr. Lidderdale should enter under Mr. Burnet, other- 
wise the College would have been in hazard of want- 
ing an entire class ; and by the exertions chiefly of 
the Principal, who in particular prevailed with Bailie 
Graham to send his son to the second class, even after 
he had entered to the first, Mr. Burnet had twenty 
supervenients in his class. 1 Mr. Alexander Cockburn 
proceeded with the third class, and Mr. Andrew Massie 
with the Magistrand. 

The King had lately granted a commission to fifty 
persons, of whom Sir George Lockhart 2 was to be the 
president, to visit all the schools and colleges in the 
kingdom ; and the members held their first meeting on 
the 18th of January 1687. It was then thought that 
the intention was to examine into the foundations of 
all the colleges, and to place only such persons in them 
as were agreeable to the King's system of religion 
and government. 3 This is the very year in which the 
arbitrary and well-known attempt was made on 
Magdalen College, Oxford. 4 

A sub-committee of the new Commission for Visita- 
tion met on the 26th of February, and drew up three 
overtures to be presented to the Court to be passed 
into Acts. 1st, That in their Ethic Dictates the 
Regents should instruct the youth in the unlawfulness 

i See Presbyterian Inquisition, pp. 27, Fountainhall's Decisions, vol. i. 
30, etc. p. 144. 

4 Hume's History of Kngland, JaiiK-> 
1 [President of the Court of Session. 1 n. chap. Ixx. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 219 

of defensive arms and resistance to the King. 2d, 
That the Kegents in all time coming are to be un- 
married persons, seeing by the foundations of our 
colleges in times of Popery they were designed for 
Churchmen ; and it was a rule and Statute then that 
they should be unmarried. 3d, That no Kegent stay 
above eight years in the University. The last two 
were to begin at Michaelmas 1688 ; and it was doubted 
if they were to extend to Bursars and Professors. 

There was a bill given in by the College of Edin- 
burgh against these overtures, which put a stop to 
them. 1 This society then acted with great spirit, and 
in a manner which did them great honour. 

About this time the University of St. Andrews gave 
in a paper to the Commission of Visitation, containing 
a " Method of Teaching," drawn up with considerable 
ability and precision, which, as it will show the notions 
on that subject then entertained, is here inserted from 
a copy preserved in the College Library. 

" ANENT THE SUBJECT AND METHOD OF TEACHING. 

" 1. That, betwixt the day on which the College Table is taken up 
and that appointed for beginning the next task of that year, these of 
the first class be exercised in the review of the Latin, by the explain- 
ing the authors, and making versions. The rest of the year [to] be 
chiefly employed in the study of the Greek language, with the practical 
Arithmetic ; which may be taught by a short lesson in the day, for the 
two or three last months of that year, and that rather by frequent 
practices and examples than often repeated rules ; and towards the 
end of this year, they may also be begun to something of the ele- 
ments of Geometry, according as their master finds their capacity 
will allow. 

"2. That, the second year, they be taught a clear and short course 
1 Fountainhall's Decisions, vol. i. p. 551. 



220 HISTORY OF THE 

of Logics, for explaining the nature and most observable properties of 
our cogitations ; the ordinary defects and errors of them ; with their 
remedies ; and particularly the art of reasoning. That, by the time 
they come to this last part of the Logic course, they be begun, and 
thence go forward in the elements of Geometry, which, in effect, is 
true and useful Logic ; and from them is secretly understood the 
principals and the errors of reasoning. After the Logics, if they be 
sufficiently short, there will be time for that part of the Metaphysics 
which have a near affinity with them, viz., the Scholastic explana- 
tions of, and disputes about the notion and properties of being, and 
these common terms of Essence, Existence, Possibility and Impossi- 
bility, Relation, Causality, etc., which frequently occur in the 
Scholastic Philosophy and Divinity ; and therefore something of 
them may be known. 

" 3. These of the third year be taught the other part of the 
Metaphysics concerning the nature and properties of spirits, their 
distinction from matter, the demonstration of the existence of a 
Deity, etc. ; for which there is sufficient ground and assistance from 
what is written in the Meditations of Des Cartes, and the disputes 
and observations of himself and others thereupon : after that, a short 
course of Ethics, purged from the Scholastic and Theologic disputes, 
which are ordinary to be found in these tractates, and reduced from 
the common principles of natural reason, the nature of human 
society, the common passions, humours and inclination of mankind, 
and what experience and observation afford for rectifying the 
errors of these ; wherein must not be omitted to explain the nature 
of civil government, the absolute and illimited power of the Supreme 
Magistrate, and the universal obligation of subjects to obey, and 
never to resist, his authority. And that, with these short tractates 
of Metaphysics and Ethics, be completed the elements of Geometry, 
together with some practices of the Geometry ; which may either be 
delivered to the students once a week, according to the propositions 
on which they depend. And this, besides that it would gain time, 
would also render the speculations more pleasant, and the practices 
more easy and obvious to the discretion of the master considering 
the fitness of opportunity, and his scholars' capacity and encourage- 
ment : for these Geometrical practices they must necessarily under- 
.st.-uid the plain Trigonometry, which can IKJ easily taught them in a 
ti-w (lays. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 221 

" Likewise, if they have timeously begun, and successfully advanced 
in, the Geometry the second year, so that there be little left to be 
completed in the third, that the rest they be taught, as much as can 
be, of the Physics ; for which the Geometry will very much qualify 
and fit them. 

" 4. That, the fourth year, they be taught the rest of the Physics, 
the history of nature and experiments, together with the Cosmo- 
graphy, Optics, Spherical Trigonometry, and as much of the 
Mechanics as the time prescribed for their stay that year will allow : 
And, as to the Mathematics, it is not doubted, that those who in the 
first two years have got some knowledge of the principles, and see 
the usefulness, necessity, and pleasure of that science, will apply 
also themselves to the public professor of it, for making greater pro- 
gress than is possible in their private schools. 

" 5. Because the Greek being a most useful and necessary lan- 
guage, and for that reason made the great part of the first year's task, 
while as more time is truly required for any perfection in it ; never- 
theless, it being generally neglected, throughout the rest of the time 
of students being at the Colleges, and consequently, what once they 
learned becomes either entirely forgot or of little purpose ; therefore, 
throughout the whole three last years, there be a weekly task in the 
said language, viz., betwixt Friday's night and Monday's morning 
the master prescribe a portion of some Greek author ; and, if that 
be a poet, they shall translate and explain it ; if a historian, they 
shall translate, explain, and give a rational account of that part of 
the history without book. 

" 6. That, for the remembrance and improvement of the Latin 
language, the several masters appoint frequently, throughout the 
whole years, solemn exercises and declamations in their private 
schools; and this may be done, sometimes, by prescribing to them some 
of the shortest and most obvious of Cicero's orations, some of these 
inserted in the histories of Titus Livius, Salust, and other Roman 
authors, making the students to understand the purpose and humour 
of such discourse, and causing them to pronounce and declaim them 
accordingly ; sometimes by prescribing them subjects or orations of 
their own composition ; and sometimes also appointing them to make 
orations and discourses in English upon subjects appointed to them, 
seeing it is not probable that ever they will understand the pro- 
perties and elegancies of any other language, who are not acquainted 



222 HISTORY OF THE 

with the rhetoric and composure of their own. The fittest time for 
these exercises seems to be on the Tuesdays or Thursdays between 
five and six o'clock at night. 

" 7. That, since these private declamations do considerably qualify 
for more public appearances, therefore there be every Saturday, im- 
mediately after divine service in the common schools, some public 
declamations at which all students and masters within the College 
shall be present. And these orations to [be] either by the superior 
class in the College for the time, and when the exercise has gone 
through them, that successively it be performed by the next superior 
class in order ; or that all the three superior classes shall be concerned, 
one out of every one of them, each Saturday. Likewise, every one 
who thus publicly declaims shall have a copy of his oration in a fair 
and legible hand ; which, after he hath recited, he shall deliver to the 
Provost or Principal of the College, and, in his necessary absence, 
to the senior Regent present ; that, after a review of his discourse, 
he may, some day in the following week, receive censure or com- 
mendation, according as the Principal and Regents shall find he 
deserves. 

"8. That in these actions there shall be no reflection, directly 
nor indirectly, upon any master, professor, class, or student in the 
College or University, and that they who transgress in this be excm- 
plarily punished. 

" 9. That the examinations in the end of the year (as presently 
in use) be continued, and exactly performed ; and, for that end, every 
master, whose scholars are beginning to be examined, shall give in 
to the Examinators a clear and an exact account of the several 
things he hath taught and accomplished that year, according to the 
orders and method prescribed ; and that these shall be the rule ami 
measure for the method and order of examination. 

" 1 0. Likewise, to secure the diligence of students in the vacance, 
they shall undergo examination, at their return in the beginning of 
the year, by the Masters in the respective Colleges ; and lest these 
examinations should turn into a bare custom and form, those who 
are found insufficient by trial at these occasions, or who shall absent 
themselves from them, without giving sufficient satisfaction or excuse, 
shall either be excluded from the degree and honour usual to be 
conferred on the superior class, or from further progress in the course 
of his studies in the College, or undergo such censure as the Faculty 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 223 

he studies in shall think fit, in consideration of his own quality, and 
that his defect and fault. 

" Given in by the Masters of the University of St. Andrews 
" to the Lords of the Visitation. Anno 1687." 1 

The ninety-ninth class, under the charge of Mr. 1687. 

J f The ninety- 

Andrew Massie, having finished their fourth course, gSdufteT 

out of seventy-five candidates who appear in the list in 
the printed Theses, dedicated to Sir Thomas Kennedy, 
Lord Provost, and the rest of the Council, fifteen were 
graduated privately at different times, and twenty-two 
publicly on the 9th of July 1687. 2 The Sponsio sub- 
scribed on this occasion is more general and short; 
and Dr. Monro, the Principal, was himself suspected 
of favouring the King's religion, from the circumstance 
that the candidates were required to promise perse- 
verance in the Christian Religion, with the omission 
of the word reformed. In this way the oath appears 
in the Graduation-book in the years 1687 and 1688. 

Mr. Andrew Massie, in October 1687, entered upon 
the charge of the new Bejan class, amounting, at the 
matriculation the succeeding March, to sixty -nine. 
Mr. Kennedy had the Semi, with twenty-nine Super- 
venients ; Mr. Thomas Burnet the Bachelor ; and Mr. 
Alexander Cockburn the Magistrand. 

The hundredth class, under the tuition of Mr. Alex- i 6 88. 
ander Cockburn, having finished their course of four ^edthcias 

graduated. 

years, there were seventy-one candidates for the degree ; 



1 MS. Papers illustrative of the his- on Monday the llth of July, when those 
tory and constitution of the Univer- who had been graduated on Saturday 
sity of Edinburgh in College Library, the 9th, subscribed their names. 
No. ii. p. 161. Book of Laxireations.] 

2 [Other two were graduated publicly 



224 HISTORY OF THE 

of whom seven received it privately at different times, 
and thirty -three publicly on the 9th of July 1688. 
The Theses were dedicated to the Right Honourable 
Magnus Prince, Lord Provost, and the rest of the 
Council. 

About this time the King granted a signature 
of confirmation to the University of Edinburgh ; in 
which, among other things, Sir Magnus Prince, Lord 
Provost of Edinburgh, with his successors in office, 
were appointed perpetual Chancellors, a dignity which 
was understood to be already vested in the Lord 
Provost ; but the Revolution intervened before this 
deed was ratified in Parliament. A copy of it is 
preserved in the College Library. 

The College having met again in October, the charge 
of the new Bejan class fell to Mr. Alexander Cockburn ; 
but he having died on the 12th of February 1689, 
Mr. Alexander Cunningham, Professor of Humanity, 
was chosen, on the 15th of that month, to succeed 
him. And in place of Mr. Cunningham, Mr. John 
Drummond, an Episcopal, was chosen Professor of 
Humanity on the 20th of the same month; but it 
does not appear that any comparative trial was held 
on this occasion. 

The end of the year 1688 is famous in the history 
of Great Britain for the Revolution, in consequence 
of the abdication of the throne by James the Second, 
which his bigotry and arbitrary principles rendered 
him unworthy any longer to fill. This event may 
be considered as having taken place on the 23d of 
December ; and aoon after, the Prince of Orange 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 225 

with Mary his Consort, were proclaimed King and 
Queen of England. A Convention of Estates, begun 
and held in Edinburgh, on the 14th of March, 
resolved to offer the Crown of Scotland to the same 
Prince and Princess upon certain conditions, which 
were soon accepted ; and in the meantime William and 
Mary were also proclaimed King and Queen of Scot- 
land. This Convention was afterwards converted into 
a Parliament ; which, among other Acts, passed one 
appointing a visitation of Schools, Colleges, and Uni- 
versities, being chap, xvii., 1st Parliament of William 
and Mary, held at Edinburgh, 25th of April 1690. 
This produced some important changes in the College 
of Edinburgh, which shall be mentioned by and by. 

In the meantime, Mr. Massie proceeded with the 
Semi class, with an accession of twelve supervenients ; 
Mr. Kennedy had the charge of the Bachelors ; and 
Thomas Burnet that of the Magistrands. 



CHAPTER V. 

FROM THE REVOLUTION TO THE NEW REGULATIONS RESPECTING 
THE REGENTS OF PHILOSOPHY IN 1708. 

AT the Revolution the Senatus Academicus con- 
sisted of the following members : 

Dr. Alexander Monro, Principal. 

Dr. John Strachan, Professor of Divinity. 

Mr. Alexander Cunningham, 



Mr. Andrew Massie, 
Mr. Herbert Kennedy, 



Regents or Professors of 
Philosophy. 



Mr. Thomas Burnet, 
Mr. David Gregory, Professor of Mathematics. 
Mr. John Drummond, Professor of Humanity. 
Mr. Alexander Douglas, Professor of Hebrew. 
Mr. Robert Henderson (probably joint with William), Librarian 
and Secretary. 

1689. The one-hundred-and-first class, under the tuition 
flIS d cias8 nd f Mr. Thomas Burnet, being brought towards the 
ted * termination of the usual course of four years, twenty- 
four of them are all who appear to have taken the 
degree, and that privately at different times. 

On the meeting of the College again in October, 
Mr. Thomas Burnet entered upon the charge of the 
new Bejan class, which, at the matriculation of it on 
the 31st of the following March, amounted to the 
number of forty-seven. Mr. Alexander Cunningham, 
of course, had the charge of the Semi class, with forty- 
seven supervenients ; Mr. Andrew Massie that of the 



HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 227 

Bachelor ; and Mr. Herbert Kennedy that of the 
Magistrand. 

On January 3, 1690, Mr. Burnet was ordered by im. 
the Faculty to forbear teaching the second Satire of 
Horace. 1 

Mr. Herbert Kennedy having brought his class, The one- 

(i -, i n hundred and 

consisting 01 sixty, towards the conclusion of their second Class 

* ' graduated. 

fourth year, five of them were graduated privately, 
and on the 30th of June twenty-nine publicly, all of 
whom subscribed the short Sponsio, containing alle- 
giance to James the Seventh. One of those who 
graduated privately received the degree alone on the 
21st of July, in presence of the Principal, Mr. Herbert 
Kennedy, and Mr. John Drummond. Then a Sponsio 
appears in the Graduation-book, including allegiance 
to William and Mary. 2 

The Parliament had met on the 25th of the pre- 
ceding April, the Earl of Melvill being Commissioner. 
In the Act passed for the visitation of Universities, 
Colleges, and Schools, it is statuted and ordained that 
no Professor, or other person bearing office in any 
University or College, shall either be admitted or 
allowed to continue in the exercise of their functions 
but such as acknowledge and subscribe the West- 
minster Confession of Faith, and also swear and sub- 
scribe the oath of allegiance to their Majesties, and 
shall be pious, loyal, and of a peaceable conversation, 
of good and sufficient literature and abilities, and sub- 
mitting to the government of the Church established 

1 Register of the University of Edin- 2 [See Catalogue of Edinburgh Gra- 
burgh, p. 23. d nates, p. 140.] 



228 HISTORY OF THE 

by law. Visitors are then named and appointed, as 
may be seen in the Act; and their first meeting is 
authorized to be at Edinburgh on the 23d day of 
July 1690, with power to appoint committees and 
to adjourn. Accordingly a sufficient quorum of them 
met on that day, and divided themselves into several 
Committees, one for each University. They met again 
on the 25th, and drew up certain instructions to be 
observed by their Committees ; and they appointed 
those Committees to meet at the respective Univer- 
sities on the 20th of August. 

The following was the Committee for the University 
of Edinburgh : Earl of Lothian, Lord Raith, Lord 
Ruthven, Master of Stair, Lord Mersington, Lord 
Crosrig, Sir Patrick Hume, Lord Hallcraig, Laird of 
Pitliver, Sir John Hall, Sir William Hamilton, Mr. 
Edward Jameson, Mr. Hugh Kennedy, Mr. John 
Law, Mr. James Kirkton, and Dr. Gilbert Rule, who 
met accordingly in the upper hall of the College of 
Edinburgh on the 20th of August, and chose Sir John 
Hall their Preses. They afterwards adjourned to the 
27th of the same month. Having then met, they 
first proceeded to call before them Dr. Alexander 
Monro, the Principal of the College. Ten articles of 
accusation were brought against him, the chief of 
which were, "that he set up. the English Liturgy 
within the gates of the College ; that he was dis- 
affected to the Government both in Church and State ; 
that at the public laureation or graduation, he sat and 
publicly heard the Confession of Faith, after it had 
been approved of in Parliament, ridiculed by Dr. Pit- 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 229 

cairne, yea, the existence of God impugned, without 
any answer or vindication ; that the doctor is addicted 
to swearing, and neglects the worship of God in his 
family." The rest were of a frivolous nature. The 
Principal made a very good defence, considering the 
shortness of the time allowed him for preparing 
answers. The Committee, however, were of opinion 
" that Dr. Alexander Monro, Principal of the College 
of Edinburgh, should be deprived of his office as 
Primar there ; and that the said office be declared 
vacant/' When this opinion was reported to the 
Commissioners on the 25th of September, they found 
in the following terms : " The Lords and others of 
the Commission appointed by Act of Parliament for 
visitation of Universities, Colleges, and Schools, having 
this day heard and considered the above-written re- 
port of the Committee of the College of Edinburgh, 
anent Dr. Monro, Primar of the College of Edinburgh ; 
Depositions and other Instructions produced ; and also 
Doctor Monro being asked, If he was presently willing 
to swear the Oath of Allegiance to their Majesties 
King William and Queen Mary, and to sign the same, 
with the Assurance and the Confession of Faith (which 
formerly he had offered to sign before the said Com- 
mittee), and if he would declare his willingness to 
submit himself to the present Church government as 
now established; the said Dr. Monro did judicially 
in presence of the said Commission, refuse to sign the 
said Confession of Faith, and to take the said other 
engagements, required to be done by the said Act of 
Parliament ; and also did judicially acknowledge his 



230 HISTORY OF THE 

written answers produced before the Committee ; and 
did confess he caused remove the pictures of the Re- 
formers out of the Library : Therefore the said Com- 
mission approves of the foresaid Committee's Report, 
and finds the same sufficiently verified and proved ; 
And hereby deprives the said Doctor Alexander Monro 
of his place, as Primar of the said College of Edinburgh, 
and declares the said place vacant. Sic Subscribitur, 

"CRAWFORD, P." 1 

This sentence was complained of by the Episcopal 
party as extremely severe ; and the whole particulars 
of the trial were afterwards published, and stigmatized 
in terms of reproach, in a pamphlet entitled, " Pres- 
byterian Inquisition, as it was lately practised against 
the Professors of the College of Edinburgh, August 
and September 1690, etc. [by Dr. Monro]. Lond. 
1691." In 4to, pp. 106. 

Dr. John Strachan, Professor of Divinity, was also 
proceeded against in like manner. The articles of 
accusation were seven in number, of which the follow- 
ing were the chief : " That in the New Kirk of Edin- 
burgh, in a public sermon before the Diocesan Synod, 
he preached reconciliation with the Church of Rome, 
and openly avowed his holding the doctrine of Con- 
substantiation : That he was reputed to be an Ar- 
minian and Pelagian, and maintained such principles 
and tenets in the Tron Church : That he set up the 
English Liturgy : That he was negligent of his duty 
in instructing the students : That he was dissatisfied 

1 Presbyterian Inquisition, p. 46. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 231 

with the Government both in Church and State." 
Some other things of less moment were also laid 
to his charge. To all these Dr. Strachan gave in 
answers expressed with great ability and candour. 
The Committee, however, declared it as their opinion, 
" that Dr. John Strachan, Professor of Divinity in the 
College of Edinburgh, should be deprived of his office 
in the said College ; and that the same be declared 
vacant." On the 25th of September, the Commission 
passed the following sentence against him : " The 
Lords, and others of the Commission appointed for 
visitation of Colleges and Schools, having heard read, 
and considered the above written Eeport of the Com- 
mittee for visiting the College of Edinburgh, anent 
Dr. John Strachan, Professor of Divinity within the 
said College : And the Doctor being called in, and 
having heard the written Report read over in his pre- 
sence, and being asked, If he did acknowledge that 
the matters of fact contained in the said Report were 
true, he did judicially acknowledge the verity of the 
matters of fact therein contained : And also he refused 
to swear the Oath of Allegiance, and to sign the same 
with the Assurance : And also refused to sign the Con- 
fession of Faith, or to declare his submission to the 
present Church Government, as now established : 
Therefore the said Commission approves of the Report 
above written ; and does hereby deprive the said Dr. 
John Strachan, Professor of Divinity in the said Col- 
lege, of his said place, as Professor foresaid, and de- 
clares the said place to be vacant. 

"CRAWFORD,?." 1 

1 Presbyterian Inquisition, p. 85. 



232 HISTORY OF THE 

This sentence also is stated as extremely severe in 
the above-mentioned pamphlet, in which are con- 
tained many other particulars respecting this case. 

Indeed, it is plain that the only true reasons for 
ejecting both Dr. Monro and Dr. Strachan were, that 
they were Episcopals and nonjurors. And it would 
have been more for the credit of the Visitors, if they 
had rested their procedure entirely on this ground, and 
had not brought into the account articles of accusation 
against them without producing either accusers or 
proof. They removed also at the same time from their 
respective offices, Mr. Alexander Douglas, Professor of 
Oriental Languages, Mr. Thomas Burnet, Professor of 
Philosophy, and Mr. John Drummond, Professor of 
Humanity ; but whether for any other reasons than 
their refusing to take the oath of allegiance to William 
and Mary does not appear. 

On the 26th of September the same year, the Town- 
Council elected Dr. Gilbert Eule, 1 one of the ministers 
of Edinburgh, to succeed Dr. Monro, as Principal of 
the College ; and on the same day Mr. George Campbell, 
minister of Dumfries, was called by the electors to be 
Professor of Divinity in place of Dr. John Strachan. 2 

At another meeting held on the 27th of September, 
the Visitors passed an act statuting and ordaining 
that " no Regent or master of a class (albeit he hath a 
presentation thereto), shall be admitted or received 
in any University or College within this kingdom 
without a previous trial." 

On the 1st of October, the ministers of the city 

1 Dr. Rule, though a minister, was in Calamy's Abridgement of Baxter's 
M.D. See some account of him in Life, vol. ii. j>. 517. 
Wodrow's History, vol. ii. ].. 12<5 ; and Town-Council 






UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 233 

of Edinburgh approved of both the preceding elec- 
tions. Mr. Campbell was also called to be one of the 
ministers of Edinburgh. 

On the 10th, the Commissioners sent by the Town- 
Council to Dumfries regarding Mr. Campbell's election, 
reported to the Council that the parish of Dumfries 
objected, and that therefore they had been obliged to 
appeal to the General Assembly. 

On the 14th, Mr. Gilbert Eule accepted, and took the 
oath de fideli administratione. Captain Warrander, 
Hugh Blair, and two Deacons, 1 were appointed to go 
over to the College, and install him. 

On the 1 7th, a Committee was named by the Town- 
Council, viz., Bailie Blackwood, and Deacon Stirling, 
to meet with the Commissioners of the College of Jus- 
tice about a Professor of Humanity, in place of Mr. 
John Drummond deprived. 2 

On the 23d of the same month, after public pro- 
grams affixed in the usual manner, a comparative trial 
was appointed to be held for the purpose of supply- 
ing the vacancy occasioned by the removal of Mr. 
Thomas Burnet. Seven candidates appeared. 

The subjects of dispute proposed to the candidates, 
prescribed by advice of the Principal and several of 
the ministers of the city, were : 

" 1, De primis sciendi principiis. 

2. De concursu causae primse cum secundis. 

3. De bonitate et malitia humanorum actionum. 

4. De principiis corporum naturalium. 

5. De natura possibilitatis. 

6. De natura corporis et spiritus. 

7. De motu." 

1 [As members of the Town-Council.] Town-Council Records. 



234 HISTORY OF THE 

The subjects were assigned by lot, and fell as fol- 
lows : 1. Mr. John Koss ; 2. Mr. George Hutcheson ; 
3. Mr. Robert Graham ; 4. Mr. William Law ; 5. Mr. 
William Forbes ; 6. Mr. Robert Stuart ; 7. Mr. James 
Kennedy. 

On these subjects the candidates were to give up 
their Theses to the Principal within the College, on 
Monday next, at nine o'clock in the morning, that the 
candidates might interchange them respectively with 
one another. Each was to make an oration, not ex- 
ceeding half an hour, on any subject he chose, on 
Friday thereafter, at two o'clock afternoon in the Col- 
lege ; the first maker of the orations, viz., Mr. John 
Ross, offering up a short Latin prayer before the 
orations began. 

The public dispute was to begin on Monday come 
eight days. Certificates of moral character were pro- 
duced by some of the candidates, and the others pro- 
mised to produce their certificates to-morrow. The 
judges preferred Mr. William Law, son of Mr. John 
Law, minister of Edinburgh, and the Council, on the 
7th of November, bestowed on him the office. He 
took the oath de fideli administratione, and the oath 
of allegiance, and signed the assurance to their Ma- 
jesties. 

On the 5th of November, programs having been 
affixed, as usual, inviting caii<li<l;iu-s also to stand 
a trial for the vacant Professorship of Humanity, 
four entered their names. Yet, on the 21st of that 
month, report was made to the Town-Council about 
a difference between them and the College of Justice 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 235 

respecting the election of a Professor of Humanity, in 
which the two bodies had a joint right, by virtue 
of a contract betwixt them. The Council discharged 
the College Janitor to deliver the keys to any person 
nominated by the College of Justice, unless he applied 
to the Council and received his commission from 
them ; and they appointed Bailie Blackwood and 
Mr. Henry Ferguson to consult the assessors, and 
ordained the writs and evidence of this affair to be 
taken out of the charter-house. 1 

The judges determined in favour of Mr. Laurence 
Dundas ; and he obtained the office on the 28th of 
the same month, being admitted and received for five 
years to come, conform to the contract betwixt the 
Town-Council and the College of Justice. He ac- 
cepted, and took the oath de fideli administrations, 
and subscribed the oath of allegiance with the assur- 
ance. 2 The vacant professorship of Hebrew was not 
supplied till February 1694. 

After the places declared vacant by the Visitors 
were, all but the professorship of Hebrew, thus sup- 
plied, the Senatus Academicus consisted of the follow- 
ing members : 

Dr. Gilbert Rule, Principal. 

Mr. George Campbell, Professor of Divinity. 

Mr. Herbert Kennedy. 

Mr. William Law, 

, T . , , ~ . , Professors of Philosophy. 

Mr. Alexander Cunnmghame, 

Mr. Andrew Massie, 

Dr. David Gregory, Professor of Mathematics. 
Mr. Laurence Dundas, Professor of Humanity. 
(Vacant.) Professor of Hebrew. 

1 Town-Council Records. 2 Ibid. 



236 HISTORY OF THE 

In October 1690, the College again met. Mr. 
Kennedy undertook the charge of the Bejan class, 
consisting, at the matriculation on the 31st of the 
ensuing March, of forty -seven. Mr. Law carried for- 
ward the Semi class, with an accession of thirty-two 
supervenients ; Mr. Cunningham had the Bachelor, and 
Mr. Massie the Magistrand. 

On the 8th of January 1691, the Kev. Primar, Dr. 
Rule, had his public inaugural oration ; and the laws 
for the students were read. 

It appears that about this time the students had 
been concerned in various violent and tumultuary 
proceedings, which induced the Principal and Pro- 
fessors to frame the following engagement against all 
such practices, which, at a meeting in March 1691, 
they agreed that the students should be obliged to 
subscribe : 

" We undersubscribers, students of the College of Edinburgh, do 
hereby declare and protest our sincere and unfeigned abhorrence and 
detestation of all tumultuary and disorderly practices, unworthy of 
scholars, Christians, and gentlemen ; and we do solemnly engage 
and promise that we shall not be accessory, directly or indirectly, to 
the continuation of such abusive irregularities ; and particularly, 
that we shall not wickedly deface and demolish the fabric of the 
College, either in whole or in part, as being a rude and barbarous 
enterprize : and furthermore we promise, according to our bounden 
duty, to perform due obedience to our masters and teachers in om- 
nibus licitis et honestis. In witness whereof, we have subscribed 
these presents at Edinburgh, the - - day of March 169 1." 1 

At another meeting on the 8th of October the 
same year, a paper was drawn up, by which tin- 

' MS. Tapers, illustrative of the His- sity of Edinburgh, in College Library, 
t..ry :uid ('"iistilnlimt of the Univcr- p. 39. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 237 

students, upon considering the evil of many bad 
customs which had crept into their society, were to 
declare their abhorrence of them, and particularly of 
the barbarous practice of boxing at the College gate, 
or elsewhere ; that of throwing the ball into the 
Bejan class, 1 and breaking and demolishing the class- 
rooms, or any part of the College fabric ; and their 
renouncing for the future all such practices. 2 They 
were to promise at the same time to behave in the 
most respectful manner to the Lord Provost, Magis- 
trates, and Council, patrons of the College, and to the 
Principal and all the Professors. A copy of this paper 
was given to the Lord Provost on the 10th. 

The 103d class, under the tuition of Mr. Massie, The one- 

hundred and 



being brought forward to the usual time for gradua- 
tion, fourteen of them took the degree privately at 
different times, and thirty-two publicly on the 13th of 
July. No printed Theses appear in the College collec- 
tion as the subject of disputation for this year. 

In October, after the vacation, Mr. Massie began 
the new Bejan class, which, at the matriculation in 
the ensuing March, amounted to fifty-seven ; Mr. 
Kennedy proceeded in the Semi class, with seventy 
supervenients ; Mr. Law had the Bachelor, and Mr. 
Cunningham the Magistrand. 

On the 18th of May 1692, Mr. Patrick Sinclair, son w-2. 
of Mr. John Sinclair, minister of Ormiston, was elected 
Professor of Hebrew, with 1000 marks Scots salary. 3 

On the 3d of June, report was made to the Town- 

1 See afterwards, anno 1697. 

2 MS. Papers Illustrative, etc. ut wipra. 3 Town-Council Records. 



238 HISTORY OF THE 

Council of a legacy of 104 books left to the College 
Library, by Alexander Douglas, late Professor of 
Hebrew, and also of a legacy of 225 marks Scots, left 
by him to the College, being a quarter's salary due to 
him by the College. 

On the 15th of September this year, there convened 
in the College Library the following delegates to con- 
sult respecting the general good of the Universities, 
viz, from Glasgow, Mr. William Dunlop, Principal ; 
from King's College, Aberdeen, Dr. George Middleton, 
Principal ; for Edinburgh, Dr. Gilbert Kule, Primar, 
and Mr. Andrew Massie, Professor of Philosophy. 

Their several commissions being read, after prayer, 
they chose Dr. Kule to be preses, and Mr. Kobert 
Henderson, Librarian, to be clerk. Dr. Middleton 
produced an extract of a protest taken by three mem- 
bers of King's College, Aberdeen, viz. Mr. John Moir, 
civilist, Dr. Patrick Urquhart, medicinar, and Mr. 
William Black, regent, against the meeting of the 
correspondents of the Universities, dated the 26th of 
August 1692, setting forth that Dr. Middleton, at a 
packed meeting of the College, had obtained a com- 
mission for meeting and treating with some other 
Principals of Universities within this kingdom, for 
concerting of affairs not known ; that King's College 
has good and wholesome laws, by the foundation and 
otherwise, whereby it may be properly managed and 
regulated ; that by the laws and acts of Parliament, 
all conventions and assemblies for treating, consult- 
ing, and determining in any matter of state, civil or 
ecclesiastical, without his Majesty's special license, are 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 239 

illegal and punishable, as those that unlawfully con- 
vocate the King's lieges ; and the convocators holden 
and repute as movers of sedition to the breach of the 
peace, as is clear from various Acts of Parliament : 
and therefore they protest against any such meeting, 
;or any commission to be given thereto ; and that the 
said College and University be noways burdened with 
any expense incurred by the said commission, nor in 
any ways be liable or subject to any overtures, pro- 
posals, or pretended acts that may be made in the 
said unwarrantable meeting of Principals ; and they 
disown any such meetings, as contrary to the public 
laws of this kingdom and privileges of the Universi- 
ties ; and they further protest, that such as may meet 
to consult about any affair relating to the Universi- 
ties, contrary to their Majesties' command and license, 
may be liable, conform to the Acts of Parliament, as 
movers of sedition. 

At the meeting on the ensuing day, Mr. Dunlop 1 was 
appointed to draw up answers to this protest, which 
was considered as a very unfair representation of the 
nature and design of the delegation. In the mean- 
time the meeting, without waiting any longer for a 
Commissioner from the University of St. Andrews, pro- 
ceeded to the consideration of various particulars 
tending to the improvement of the Universities. 

" There was an overture proposed for taking some speedy course 
to fill up in each University, the public offices of Chancellor, Rector, 
Dean of Faculty, etc., and till such time as that be done, the Principals 
of the several Colleges should be empowered to supply these offices. 

1 [In Professor Dalzel's MS. it is Dr Middleton by mistake.] 



240 HISTORY OF THE 

" 1 . It was agreed that the Principals and Professors of Divinity 
be careful to put the Synods in mind for obliging their Presbyteries 
to send bursars of divinity to that profession. 

" 2. Agreed that the Principals make frequent visitations of the 
several classes, and particularly take notice how masters teach, ex- 
plain, and examine their lessons, and how the scholars profit. 

" 3. Agreed that the Principals take also care that upon the Lord' 
day the students, after sermons, be instructed in the principles o, 
religion by their particular masters. 

" 4. Agreed that the several Universities send a copy of theii 
Theses to each other to be laid up in their libraries, that so it may 
be known what opinions are held by the several professors in the 
Universities. 

" Adjourned to four o'clock this afternoon." 

" 1. There was then referred to the consideration of the several 
Universities the reviving of the fifth overture of the sederunt the 30th 
of August 1647, viz., That when students are examined publicly on 
the black-stone before Lambas, and after their return at Michaelmas, 
that they be examined in some questions of the Catechism [see p. 
143] ; with this alteration, that, instead of the Catechism, they be 
examined upon the sacred lessons taught them the preceding year. 

" "2. Referred the reviving of the second, third, fourth, and fifth 
articles of the sederunt 2d February 1672. [It was agreed that 
these articles, for which see p. 202, should be adopted.] 

" Agreed that the sixth article of the same meeting be revived, 
viz. [see p. 202]. 

"Agreed that the third article of the sederunt 17th July 1618 
be revived, viz. [see p. 1 49]. 

" Agreed that all pedagogues, students of divinity, and whoever 
besides learn any science or art within the College, and such also as 
attend them, shall be subject to the discipline of the College, if they 
transgress the laws of it. 

"Adjourned to Monday at ten o'clock." 

" 19/A September 1G92. 

" The which day, the Principal of Glasgow, to whom it had been 
recommended, produced a draught of Reasons against the foresaid 
Protestation ; whereupon the meeting came to the following con- 
tusion* : 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 241 

" The meeting having seen and considered the above Protestation, 
made by three of the members of the King's College of Aberdeen, 
against the Commission granted by the College meeting of the said 
University to Dr. George Middleton, Principal there, do find therein 
most unjust reflections, not only against Dr. Middleton and the 
College meeting of that University, but against all the other Uni- 
versities and their correspondence among themselves \ and that they 
give a most scandalous and disingenuous representation of the nature 
and designs of this mutual correspondence, and that for these 
reasons : 

" 1. Because it doth groundlessly assert, that this meeting of 
correspondents of the Universities is a meeting of Principals ; where- 
as it is not a meeting of Principals, but of such members of each 
University as the Universities, their Faculty and meetings, do think 
tit to send and commissionate ; who sit in this meeting of correspon- 
dents by virtue of their commission, and not as Principals ; nor ever 
were these meetings constitute of Principals only, nor is this present so. 

" 2. It is groundless in asserting that this meeting is illegal and un- 
warrantable, and in protesting that the keepers of the same may be 
punished as movers of sedition ; and that because the meetings of the 
Universities have the uninterrupted practice of the Universities of 
this kingdom, not only permitted by the Government, but so counte- 
nanced from time to time as that their proposals and resolutions 
have been appro ven and confirmed by their Majesties' Privy Council, 
when required ; particularly 1672, as the records of the said meeting 
can testify. 

" 3. Their quotation of diverse Acts of Parliament, and affirming 
that these meetings for correspondence among the Universities do 
break the same, the import whereof is no less than unlawful convo- 
cating the King's subjects, and moving of sedition, manifest their 
gross ignorance and calumnious malice, in so far as the true intent 
of all these acts is to hinder and discharge subjects, without the 
King's commission or authority, to convocate, so as to take upon 
them any authority and power, civil or ecclesiastic, and to act as 
courts and judges, and punishing the contemners of their orders 
with pains and penalties, and thereby intrude upon the civil or 
ecclesiastic government established by law, or invalide and raise 
sedition against the same. Whereas the meeting for correspondence 
among the Universities never did pretend to be or act as a judicatory 

Q 



242 HISTORY OF THE 

or court, either civil or ecclesiastic ; but each of the four Universities 
having by their charters, erections, and laws of the land, not only 
power and authority to preserve and put in execution their several 
statutes, but in many things relating to the advancement or further- 
ance of learning, and the knowledge of the liberal sciences (which is 
their province), to add to, amend, and alter the same ; and that 
each University may be the better fortified therein by the advice of 
others of the same profession, and that the Universities themselves 
may keep that amicable and good correspondence as to strengthen one 
another's hands, and not encroach upon one another, but may join 
together for the mutual help of each other ; [they] have afore, many 
years, at set times, met by their Commissioners, for these good and 
lawful ends; wherein none of their consultations or conclusions were 
binding, unless each University did agree to the same, and who never 
acted in a magisterial or authoritative manner. 

" 4. It is very calumnious and unreasonable to say that the affairs 
to be treated were not known to them, when it was told them that 
their present design was to see what was fit to be done for the ad- 
vancement of learning, and reforming several abuses that in process 
of time had crept into the Universities ; and they, or any member of 
a University, might very freely have sent their overtures, or any 
thing they thought needful to be treated ; and by their instructions 
to their Commissioner they might have limited him to determine 
nothing without their knowledge ; without which the former meetings 
for correspondence did not use to act, nor was there any ground to 
think this should at this time. 

" 5. Their insinuating that they have such good and wholesome 
laws, by which their University may be regulated, should be no 
hindrance to them to correspond with other Universities who are 
desirous to correspond with them, to communicate these laws unto 
them ; but whatever they pretend, none of the other Universities do 
think they are arrived at that height of perfection that there can 
be no melioration. 

" 6. They at length bewray their sordid peevishness, under pre- 
tence of saving charges to the University, as if the inconsiderable 
charge in meeting with other Universities were enough to hinder 
their further promoting of learning, or such joint course as may t< ml 
to the augmenting of the revenues of each of the Universities. 

" 7. After all their vain pretences of their loyalty to their Majes- 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 243 

ties' persons and interests, their zeal for the laws of the land and 
privileges of Universities, and that those who shall meet at this 
correspondence be punished as movers of sedition ; let us see that it 
is Protestatio contrario facto, in so far as that [for] three members of 
a society of eight persons opposing the constant practice of that same 
University, where they are members, to challenge the meeting of that 
University they are subject unto and members of, calling them a 
packed meeting, when feo clear a plurality carried the election, and 
none of them three the heads of the University, doth manifest them 
to be heinous contemners of the privileges of their own University, 
to be promoters of sedition there, and a bad example, without prece- 
dent, to other Universities ; and how that suits with the laws of the 
land and loyalty to their Majesties, the world may judge. 

" For these and other reasons which might be added, the meeting 
doth recommend to the head and other members of that College, that 
they proceed against these three members to censure, conform to the 
laws, constitution, and customs of that University, unless they give 
satisfaction to the said College meeting, in as public a manner as 
they have given the affront ; and it is expected that the Commis- 
sioners, who shall come from that University to the next meeting of 
correspondents, shall bring a report thereof to the same. 

" The meeting, considering the overture for filling up the Chan- 
cellor's and other offices in the Universities now vacant, thought fit 
that with all speed and diligence these places should be filled up, 
according to the different customs and former practices of each Univer- 
sity : and, therefore, that the Lords of their Majesties' Privy Council 
be supplicate for interposing their authority therein, and that they 
would allow in the meantime, till that be effectuate, the present 
heads of the Colleges to supply these vacant offices where it is needful. 

" The meeting also thought fit that addresses should be made to 
the Privy Council for renewing their Act of the date 1st February 
1672, relating to the Universities, with this particular addition, that 
if a student coming from one College to another, shall make it appear 
to the Principal of the College to which he comes that he hath 
made application for a testificate, and yet hath got none, nor any- 
thing is objected against him by that College, that in that case he 
may be received. 

" The address to the Council for these two particulars is recom- 



244 HISTORY OF THE 

mended to Dr. Rule and Mr. Massie, who are to acquaint the several 
Universities timeously with the Council's answer thereanent. 

" The conferring the (1st) degree of Bachelors, and (2d), the monthly 
exercises, are referred to the consideration of the several Universities. 
(3o?), Referred also a paper of proposals anent the manner of teaching 
Physics and other Sciences, given in by the Primar of the College of 
Edinburgh, to be set down in the Register. 

Adjourned to the morrow at ten o'clock. 

" Which day the meeting thought fit that this correspondence be 
yearly continued, and that the next meeting shall be in this place the 
first Thursday of June 1693, by ten o'clock in the forenoon ; and the 
Preses of the meeting is appointed to acquaint the Colleges of St. 
Andrews and New Aberdeen with the Diet, and to show them that 
it was expected they would not have made so light of the ad- 
vertisement they had for this meeting, and that they would be care- 
ful to attend that diet ; as also in case any emergence should fall 
out, which calls for a meeting of the Universities sooner, the Primar 
of the College of Edinburgh is hereby empowered to appoint the 
same, by giving timeous notice to the respective Colleges, of the oc- 
casions thereof, that they may come sufficiently instructed for that 
end. 

" To the clerk is ordered to give doubles of what has passed in this 
meeting to the several Universities." 1 

The one- The 104th class, under the tuition of Mr. Cunning- 

hundred and 

ham, being now in the last year of their course, and 
consisting of eighty-eight, thirty-seven were graduated 
publicly on the 15th of July 1G92, 2 in the common hall 
of the College, and a few more of them privately at dif- 
ferent times. The Theses on tin's occasion were dedi- 
cated to Sir Thomas Mure of Thornton, Lord Provost, 
and the other Magistrates and the Town-Council. 

1 MS. Papers illustrative of the His- for graduation, did not obtain their 
tory and Constitution of the University degree; because probably they may 
of Edinburgh, No. II. pp. 1-9. have refused to take the required oath 

2 [Forty-four, whose names appear of allegiance to King William ami 
in the printed Theses, as candidates Queen Mary.] 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 245 

Dr. David Gregory having been called to Oxford to 
be Savilian Professor of Astronomy there, a gratuity 
of 250 pounds Scots was allowed him by the Town- 
Council, August 26, 1692, besides his full salary to 
the time of his removal to Oxford ; and the Council 
recommended to him to keep a good correspondence 
with the Masters of the College of Edinburgh. 1 

Mr. James Gregory succeeded his brother David, 
and at his election the Town-Council erected a con- 
stant Professorship of Mathematics. 

"EDINBURGH, September 23, 1692. 

" The which day, the Council taking to their serious 
consideration how necessary, expedient, and profitable 
it is for all Colleges and Universities to have the pro- 
fession of the Mathematics, as well as those of other 
sciences established therein for the accomplishment 
and education of youth, and particularly in the art of 
Navigation (the great ornament of any kingdom or 
commonwealth) : And albeit, the famous College of 
this City, founded by that mighty and illustrious 
Prince, King James the Sixth, of ever glorious me- 
mory, be furnished with Professors, Principals, Mas- 
ters, and Kegents, both in Divinity, Philosophy, and 
Humanity, yet never with a constant profession of 
the Mathematics : And the said Lord Provost, Bailies, 
Council, and Deacons of Crafts, being informed of the 
literature, qualifications, and good conversation of 
Mr. James Gregory, brother-german to Dr. Gregory, 
present Professor of Astronomy in the University of 

1 ToAvn-Council Records. 



246 HISTORY OF THE 

Oxford, who is sufficiently qualified to be a Professor of 
the Mathematics in the said College ; and they being 
most willing and desirous, not only to give him all due 
encouragement therein for the time, but also to estab- 
lish and erect the said profession within the said Col- 
lege for ever in time coming : Therefore the said Lord 
Provost, Bailies, Council, and Deacons of Craftsmen, 
for themselves and their successors in place and office 
within the said City, have erected, and hereby erect a, 
profession of the Mathematics, within the said City 
of Edinburgh, now, and in all time coming, and 
make, constitute, erect, and appoint the said Mr. 
James Gregory Professor thereof/' 1 

The Council granted him a salary of 900 marks, with 
promise of more as soon as the Eoyal Bounty, or new 
donations would allow ; the College revenue at that 
time not permitting so large a salary to be given him 
as to Dr. David Gregory. 

In October, Mr. Cunningham entered upon the 
charge of the new Bejan class, consisting at the matri- 
culation of ninety-three. Mr. Massie had the Semi 
class, with fifty-six supervenients ; Mr. Kennedy the 
Bachelor, and Mr. Law the Magistrand. 

Complaints were made to the Lords of the Privy 
Council of various tumults and disorders, which had 
of late happened among the students in the different 
Universities ; upon which they ordered an Act, dated 
the 9th of March 1693, issued for preventing such for 
the future, authorizing the Principals and Regents to 
inflict fines according to the different ranks of the 

1 Town-Council Records. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 247 

students, arid requiring the Magistrates, in cases of 
necessity, to support by their authority the sentences 
of the said Principals and Begents. 

"Ai EDINBURGH, the 9th day of March 1693 years. 

" The Lords of their Majesties' Privy Council taking to their con- 
sideration the tumults and disorders which frequently fall out amongst, 
and are committed by, the students within the several Colleges and 
Universities within this kingdom ; and having considered the Report 
of a Committee of their own number appointed in this matter : The 
saids Lords, for preventing of any tumults or other disorders within 
any of the saids Colleges and Universities, Do hereby authorize and 
empower the several Principals, Regents, and Masters of the saids Col- 
leges respective, in case it shall happen hereafter, any of the students 
of any of the Colleges above mentioned, to commit, or be guilty of 
any tumults or other enormous disorder against the quiet and good 
government of the saids Colleges, to impose and exact fines from such 
as they shall find guilty, not exceeding the respective rates and pro- 
portions after mentioned, viz. : For a nobleman, or his eldest son, 
an hundred and fifty pounds Scots ; for noblemen's younger sons, or 
barons themselves, or their eldest sons, an hundred pounds ; for the 
younger sons of barons or gentlemen, and for the sons of burgesses, 
fifty pounds ; and for the sons of craftsmen, or yeomen, fifty marks 
Scots ; and that by and attour the reparation of damages : And the 
saids Lords do hereby require and command the Magistrates of the 
respective Burghs where the saids Colleges are kept, to interpose their 
authority to the sentence of the saids Masters, and to give them their 
assistance in executing the same, by imprisonment, if need be : And 
allows and appoints the sums that shall be exacted for fines, in man- 
ner and for the cause above mentioned, to be applied for the use of 
the several Bibliothecks of the saids Colleges : And the saids Lords 
having reviewed an Act of Council of the date the 1 st day of Feb- 
ruary 1672, prohibiting one College to receive any scholar from 
another College, they do restrict the same to such scholars only as 
have been removed for misdemeanours, or have fled from discipline. 
Extracted by me, " DA. MONCRIEFF, Clk. Sti. Cons" 1 

1 Records of Privy-Council. 



248 HISTORY OF THE 

The one- The 105th class, under the tuition of Mr. Law, being 

hundred and 

brought towards the conclusion of their course, fifteen 
of them were graduated privately at different times, 
and thirty-three of them publicly on the 3d of July. 
No printed Theses appear in the College collection. 

On the 1st of June, in consequence of the adjourn- 
ment last year, there appeared in the Library the fol- 
lowing Commissioners, viz. : from Glasgow, Mr. Patrick 
Simson, Dean of Faculty ; and for the College of Edin- 
burgh, Dr. Gilbert Kule, Primar, Mr. Herbert Kennedy, 
and Mr. Andrew Massie, Professors of Philosophy. 
But as no delegates appeared from the other Univer- 
sities, they adjourned till next day, when there appeared, 
besides those already mentioned, viz., from the Old and 
New Colleges of Aberdeen, Dr. George Middleton, and 
Mr. Kobert Paterson, Principals ; Mr. George Fraser, 
Sub-Principal of King's College ; and Mr. George 
Peacock, Kegent, from Marischal's College. They ad- 
journed till Wednesday next, expecting the Commis- 
sioner from St. Andrews ; but as none appeared on 
that day but the following delegates formerly men- 
tioned, viz., Dr. Rule, Mr. Paterson, Mr. Fraser, and 
Mr. Kennedy, they dissolved the meeting. 

In October the College met, and Mr. William Law 
jissembled a very numerous Bejan class, consisting at 
the matriculation in March of 110. Mr. Cunningham 
had the charge of the Semi class, with thirty-five 
supervenients : Mr. Massie that of the Bachelor, and 
Mr. Kennedy that of the Magistrand. 

Again, in the month of December, the Privy Coun- 
cil found it necessary to rc-cnact their former order 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 249 

respecting tumults, and to cause it to be made more 
generally known, by having it printed and published, 
at the market crosses of Edinburgh, Old and New 
Aberdeen, St. Andrews, and Glasgow, and read in the 
public halls of all the Universities, and printed copies 
affixed upon the gates of the Universities and Colleges. 

On the 1st of December, an Act was passed by the 
Town-Council as to the application of 1000 pounds 
Scots, mortified by Bailie Penman, for a bursar. 

On the 26th of January, several members of the 1G94 
Town-Council moved that it were necessary that a 
Professor of Hebrew should be authorized in the 
College. The Council, before giving answer, recom- 
mended to the Principal and Professor of Divinity, 
and the Ministers of the City, to recommend a fit 
and qualified person. 1 

On the 29th of January, Mr. Alexander Cunning- 
ham was suspended from his office as Eegent by the 
Council, in consequence of a complaint by James 
Grant, second son of the Laird of Grant, and on the 
Report of the Committee appointed to take trial of 
the said complaint. The Council recommended to the 
Principal to take care of his class during the suspen- 
sion. The notoriety of his crime was taken into their 
consideration. 2 

On the 2d of February, Mr. Alexander Rule, student 
of Divinity, on the recommendation of the Principal, 
Professor of Divinity, and Ministers, who had taken 
trial of him, was elected Professor of Hebrew, in place 
of Mr. Alexander Douglas, who had been removed by 

1 Town- Council Records. 2 Ibid. 



250 HISTORY OF THE 

the Visitors for refusing to take the oath of allegiance. 
On the 21st of the same month he was appointed to 
hold his inaugural oration ; and he was ordered to give 
his lessons on Mondays and Fridays. 1 

This year, 1694, King William, by a deed of gift, 
dated February 28, as will afterwards be mentioned, 2 
bestowed a perpetual annuity of 300 per annum out 
of the Bishops' rents, of which 100 was appropriated 
for a salary to a Eegius Professor of Divinity and 
Ecclesiastical History. The first Eegius Professor in- 
troduced about this time into the College by a com- 
mission from the King, was Mr. John Gumming. 3 
He began a course of public lectures on Church 
History, and continued them regularly till his death, 
which happened in the year 1714. 
The one him- The 106th class, under the tuition of Mr. Kennedy, 

<lred and * ' 

were brought to the conclusion of their fourth year. 
Twenty-one of them took the degree privately at 
different times, and forty-one of them publicly, on the 
9th of July. No Theses for this graduation appear in 
the College collection. 4 

In October, Mr. Kennedy began the new Bejan class, 
of whom there were sixty at the matriculation, on the 
13th of February. Mr. Law in the Semi class had 
seventy-eight supervenients ; Mr. Alexander Cunning- 
ham had the Bachelors, and Mr. Andrew Massie the 
Magistrands. 

1 Town-Council Records. * Sec itifm, pp. 256, 271. 

8 [There in, however, no evidence that 4 [The Theses were printed ; and 

Camming obtained his commission till forty-two, whose names appear in the 

the year 1702. He qualified before the list of candidates for graduation in- 

Magist rates on 10th November that sorted in the Theses, did not obtain 

year. Town-Council Records.] their degree. See p. 244, note 2.] 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 251 

It would seem that the Commission for visitation 
of schools and Colleges had been so dilatory, as to 
allow the appointed time for their meeting to elapse. 
The Privy-Council therefore issued an order, dated 
the 13th of December 1694, ordering a meeting in 
January 1695. Accordingly, in consequence of such 
a meeting, we find that on the 28th of that month a 
Committee of their number had prepared several acts 
and overtures to be submitted to the consideration of 
the Commission. 

They recommended : 

" 1. That the Professor of the Greek tongue be fixed to that class, 
there being far fewer eminent in the knowledge of that language 
than in Philosophy ; and that nothing be taught that year but 
Greek. 

" 2. That in the Semi the Logics be taught, without mixture of 
what concerns Metaphysics ; and that therewithal the common terms, 
notions, and axioms be taught. 

"3. That in the third class the Ethics, general and special, the 
practice of Oratory, and also the general Physics be taught. 

"4. That in the fourth class there be taught the special Physics 
and the Pneumatologia. 

" 5. It is also the opinion of the Committee that the Hebdomadar 
be obliged to lie within the College the time of his office, and that 
he visit the students in their chambers every morning at six of the 
clock, and every evening at nine of the clock. 

" 6. That all Masters and Regents, and also the students in the 
several Universities and Colleges within this kingdom, be obliged to 
wear constantly gowns the time of the sitting of the Colleges ; and 
the Regents or Masters shall be obliged to wear black gowns, and 
the students red gowns, that thereby the students may be discouraged 
from vageing or vice. 

"7. That, at the time of the laureation, the students be strictly 
and exactly examined by the Principals and Regents ; and that at 
their promotion there be distinction made by the Masters of some 
of the pregnant spirits in the class, who are to [be] called by their 



252 HISTORY OF THE 

names in order before the rest of the class ; and that none receive 
degrees but those who are qualified. 

" 8. That in time coming no person be admitted a Professor or 
Regent in any University or College within this kingdom, to have 
the government of students, unless they be of the age of twenty-one 
years complete at least. 

"9. As also, that the Masters and Regents of all Colleges and 
Universities within this kingdom do begin the teaching of their 
course for the subsequent year upon the first lawful day of November, 
and to continue teaching until the last day of June thereafter, except 
the Regent of the Magistrand class, who is to continue teaching until 
the first day of May yearly. 

"10. As also, that it should be enacted, that no student shall be 
hereafter admitted into any College, who has been any former years 
studying in any other College, unless he produce sufficient testificates 
of his good behaviour, signed by his Regent, or the Principal of the 
College where he last studied, and which testificates they shall be 
obliged to grant when required, unless they can give very pregnant 
reasons for their refusing ; and if the Masters, being required, shall 
refuse to give the saids testificates without just cause, then it shall 
be leasom to any College, to which the student applies, to receive 
him, without obliging him to produce the said testificate. 

"11. And also, that in time coming the students shall not spend 
their time in writing their courses of Philosophy in their class, but 
in place thereof, that there be a printed course thought upon ; and 
to that end, that timeous intimation be made to the Professors and 
Regents or Masters of the haill Universities and Colleges within this 
kingdom, to send two of their number from every College to Edin- 
burgh, the last Wednesday of July next to come, and sufficiently 
instructed, to meet with these of the Commission of Parliament, ap- 
pointed for visitation of Universities, Colleges, and Schools, and to 
advise and consult with them, what method shall be fallen upon for 
writing and printing an uniform course of Philosophy, to be hereafter 
taught in all the Colleges. 

" 12. As also, that when the Commissioners from the several 
Colleges meet the last Wednesday of July next, that they then take 
to their consideration how expedient it will IKJ for the haill Colleges 
to meet by their delegates every year, JUM! report their opinion, with 
the reason* tor the same, to the general meeting of the Commission 
fi their Committee. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 253 

" 13. It is also the opinion of the Committee, that the several 
classes in the Colleges, when they first enter and convene, be all 
publicly examined in the common hall by the Principal and haill 
Regents of the College, who shall all be obliged to convene for the 
said examinations. 

" 1 4. That all Bursars be strictly examined every year ; and that 
such as do not duly attend, and make sufficient proficiency in their 
studies, be turned out of their bursaries. 

"15. That every year the Regents of the said several classes be 
obliged to teach their students some rudiments of the Mathematics, 
with their course yearly. 

" 16. That it be recommended to the Principal, Professor, and 
Regents, to receive none into the Colleges, but upon strict trial of 
their proficiency in the Latin and Greek tongues respective. 

" 17. The Committee are of opinion, that, until there be a 
printed course of Philosophy composed, the Regents shall be obliged 
yearly to produce and show, in the beginning of the year, to the 
Principal or Dean of Faculty of the College, the dictates that he is 
to teach his students the year following ; and that these dictates are 
and shall be subject and liable to the amendments and correction of 
the Principal and Faculty of the College. 

" That, at the yearly laureation in the respective Colleges, there 
be honourable mention made of the founders and benefactors by 
public recital." 1 

On the 29th of January 1695, the Faculty ordered 
that Mr. Campbell and Mr. Law should attend the 
Commission of Parliament for visitation of Univer- 
sities, the day of July, as their representatives. 2 

On the 1st of February, James Sutherland, Master 
of the Physic Garden, was elected by the Town- 
Council Professor of Botany in the College, with all 
emoluments, profits, and casualties, and the former 
pension of 20 sterling annually was allowed him. 3 

1 MS. Papers Illustrative of the His- 2 Register of the University of Edin- 

tory and Constitution of the University burgh, in the College Library, p. 33. 
of Edinburgh, in the College Library, s [On the 8th of September 1676, the 

No. II. p. 153. Town-Council, "considering the use- 



254 HISTORY OF THE 

In the act it is said that " the Physic Garden is in 
great reputation, both in England and foreign nations, 
by the great care and knowledge of the said Mr. 
James." He had " been at great pains and expenses 
in bringing foreign plants and seeds, and making 
several divisions, hedges, and improvements in the 
said garden." 1 

On the 17th of April, an Act was passed by the 
Town-Council, appointing Mr. William Henderson, 
father of Mr. Robert, at that time Librarian, to offi- 
ciate in the Library for his son, till the son should 
finish the catalogues. 2 
The one htm- The 107th class, under Mr. Massie, were brought to 

dred and . . 

c?a.sf h the conclusion o* their course ; nineteen of them gra- 
duated privately at different times, and thirty-nine 
publicly on the 13th of July. 3 

It was a favourite object with the Commission of 
Visitation to bring all the Universities to adopt a uni- 
form method of teaching the different parts of Philo- 
sophy ; and therefore, at a meeting held on the 1st of 
August 1695, they passed the following Act : 



fulness and necessity of encouragement College, for keeping books ami 

of the art of botany and planting of relating to the said profession." Town 

medicinal herbs, and that it were tit for Council Records. It was not, however, 

the better flourishing of the Colleges till the period specified in the text that 

that the said profession be joined to Sutherland became properly Professor 

the other professions, . . . appointed of Botany in the College.] 

a yearly salary of 20 sterling, to be * Town-Council Records. 

paid to Mr. John Sutherland, present 8 On the 14th of August following, 

lx>tanist, who professes the said art, Mr. Robert Henderson gave in two 

. . . and, upon the considerations fore- Catalogues of the Library. - /<W. 

naid, unites, annexes, and adjoins the a [Thirty->ne. \\ln.s, nun.. . s appear in 

said profession to the rest of the liberal the printed Theses as candidates for 

sciences taught in the College, and re- graduation, did not obtain their <! 

commends the Treasurer of the College S. , ].. % JJ }. note _>.] 
to provide a eonvenient room in the 






UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 255 

" THE Commission of Parliament for visiting Universities, Colleges, 
and Schools, having met with the delegates sent from the several 
Colleges, and heard them both scripto and viva voce anent an uni- 
form printed course of Philosophy, to be hereafter taught, Do statute, 
enact, and ordain, that the ordinary custom of dictating and writing 
of notes in the classes be discharged from and after the month of 
October 1696 ; and ordain, that in place thereof, there be a printed 
course or system of Philosophy composed, to be taught in all the 
Colleges. And the Commission appoints the Faculties of Philosophy 
in the several Colleges to compile the said system ; and for that end 
ordains the said Faculty of every College to meet and convene, and 
to appoint one or more of the Regents of the said Faculty to compile 
that part of the course appointed for each College's share ; and 
ordains the person or persons so to be appointed, to perform and do 
the work that the Faculty lays upon them ; and if they refuse or 
fail in the performance thereof, the Commission declares, he or they 
shall ipso facto be exauctorat and deprived of their office. And 
farther, the Commission appoints the said system or course of Philo- 
sophy, to be composed by the Faculties of the several Colleges, con- 
form to the division following, viz. : That the Logics and general 
Metaphysics be composed by the two Colleges of St . Andrews, and 
the general and special Ethics by the College of Glasgow ; the 
general and special Physics by the two Colleges of Aberdeen, and 
the Pneumatics or special Metaphysics by the College of Edinburgh : 
And appoints the Faculty of each of the said Colleges to give in a 
scheme of what points and articles they are to treat of in each of 
their parts of the said work, to the Commission of Parliament, or 
their Committee, against the first Wednesday of October next ; and 
appoints the several Colleges to keep a correspondence amongst them- 
selves during their writing of their several parts of the said work ; 
and that they send parcels of their writings to each College, that the 
same may be revised ; and that each of the said Colleges be assistant 
to others, for the better carrying on of the said work. And the 
Commission appoints a general meeting of the haill Colleges by their 
delegates, to be at Edinburgh, the first Wednesday of July next to 
come, at which time they are to revise the whole system and course 
of Philosophy ; which is hereby appointed to be in readiness against 
the said day : And that they present the same to the said Commis- 
sion of Parliament, that the same may be approven, and put to the 



256 HISTORY OF THE 

press against the first day of August thereafter. And the Commis- 
sion recommends to the Faculties of the several Colleges, that they 
be exact and diligent in composing the said system, fur the nation's 
and their own credit, with as much succinctness as can be ; and for 
their encouragement, the Commission declares they will write to the 
Secretary of State to interpose with his Majesty, that he would be 
pleased to give a gratification of 50 sterling to each College at the 
completing of the said work." 1 

On the 28th of August 1695, Mr. Hugh Linn, 
College Treasurer, produced before the Town-Council 
the mortification granted by his Majesty, dated at 
Kensington, the 28th February 1693-4, 2 whereby his 
Majesty mortified and disponed 300 sterling to the 
College of Edinburgh, for the maintenance of a Pro- 
fessor of Theology, by and attour the present Profes- 
sor established there, who was to have 100 sterling 
of the said sum yearly, together with twenty bursars 
of Divinity, who were to have 10 sterling each yearly, 
to be presented by his Majesty or the Lords of Trea- 
sury ; which sum of 300 sterling his Majesty ap- 
pointed to be paid to the College Treasurer and his 
successors, by the Lords of Treasury and his Majesty's 
collectors, out of the Bishops' rents, and that termly, 
beginning the first term's payment at the term of 
Whitsunday 1694. 3 

On the 10th of August, the Faculty of the Uni- 
versity "assigned to Mr. Law to draw up that p.nt 
of Philosophy which was appointed by the Committee 
of Parliament for Edinburgh College, viz., the Pneu- 



1 MS. Papers illustrative of the His- "See notice of this Royal (irant, 
tory and Constitution of the Uni\er- supra, p. 250. 
sity of Edinburgh, No. II. p. 139. Town-Council Records. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 257 

matics, in order to a printed course to be established 
in the Universities." 

On the 8th of October, the Faculty appointed " that 
Mr. Law be exempted from the Hebdomadar's work 
and the public examinations for this year, upon the 
consideration of his being appointed to compose a part 
of the course of Philosophy that is to be printed," viz., 
the Pneumatics. On the same day the Faculty also 
ordered, " that the Act of the Privy-Council against 
tumults be read in all the classes the first week of 
November next." 

On the 1 9th of November, an Act of Faculty was 
passed against cursing, swearing, and profane speeches. 
" The Faculty considering how frequent cursing, swear- 
ing, and profane speeches, are among students, therefore 
they appoint that such as are found guilty shall be 
liable for sixpence, toties quoties ; and if it be found 
that any are habitually guilty they shall be extruded 
the College." 1 

On the 26th of November, an Act of Faculty was 
passed against drunkenness and frequenting taverns. 
" The Faculty, considering how odious the sin of 
drunkenness is, especially in students, and how in- 
decent it is for such, who should be bred up in religion 
and learning, to haunt taverns or alehouses, therefore 
they do strictly forbid and inhibit the students of this 
University under their charge to go into any ale- 
house or tavern without a sufficient cause, which is 
to be judged of by the Rev. Prirnar or their respective 
Regents ; and if the cause be not found relevant, they 

1 Register of the University of Edinburgh, in College Library, p. 34. 

R 



258 HISTORY OF THE 

are to be fined as follows, viz. : Each for the first 
fault a sixpence, for the second a shilling, the third in 
eighteenpence, or to be augmented at the discretion of 
their respective Regents ; and if any be found drunk, 
he shall pay three pounds Scots, toties quoties, and if 
often found so, to be extruded." 1 

On the 18th of December 1695, the degree of Doc- 
tor of the Civil Law was conferred on Mr. Joseph 
Brown, an Englishman, being the first doctor's degree 
upon record given by the University of Edinburgh. 
Dr. Brown, on his return to England, remitted for the 
Library a donation of 15 sterling. 

On the 9th of August 1695, the Town-Council ap- 
pointed a comparative trial to be held in the College, 
in the usual manner, on the 10th of September, for 
supplying the place of Mr. Alexander Cunningham, 
Professor of Philosophy, who had demitted. Three 
candidates entered their names, of whom Mr. William 
Scott, who had studied under Mr. Thomas Burnet in 
1688, but was not graduated till September 3, 1695, 
was judged to be the fittest, and the office was 
conferred upon him the 16th day of the same 
month. 

In October, when the College met, Mr. Scott entered 
upon the charge of the Bejan class, the number of 
which, at the matriculation on the 2d of February 
1696, amounted to sixty-six. Mr. Herbert Kennedy, 
in the Semi class, had forty-six supervenients ; Mr. 
Law went on with the Bachelors ; and Mr. John Row, 
a professor from St. Andrews, who had succeeded upon 

1 Register of the University of Edinburgh, in College Library, p. 31. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 259 

the deprivation of Mr. Andrew Massie, 1 went on with 
the Magistraud class. 

On the 18th of February 1696, the Faculty of the iw.- 
University met, and received from St. Andrews the 
General and Special Physics composed at Aberdeen, 
to be revised against a certain day, with a promise 
that they are to send the notes and remarks upon 
them by St. Andrews. 

On the 20th of June, Mr. Herbert Kennedy, Mr. Law, 
and Mr. Row, Regents, were appointed to attend the 
diets of the Commission of Parliament for visiting 
Universities, in consequence of a letter from Mr. 
Hamilton, Clerk to the said Commission. 2 

The 108th class, now under the tuition of Mr. John The one 

_ ITT i hundred and 

Kow, was brought to the conclusion of the course ; of 
whom fourteen were graduated privately, at different 
times, and thirty-seven publicly, on the 13th of July. 

On the 15th of the same month, the delegates from 
the different Universities having been called before 
the Visitors, were interrogated respecting the progress 
they had made in preparing the different parts of the 
course of Philosophy. They produced all the different 
parts, and gave them in to the meeting. Upon this 
they were ordered to receive them all again, and carry 
them back to the different Colleges from whence they 
had been brought, to be revised, etc. 3 

In October 1696, Mr. John Row entered upon the 



1 [Row was elected August 9, 1695, 3 MS. Papers, illustrative of the His- 
in place of Massie, who had been de- tory and Constitution of the Univer- 
prived. Town-Council Records.] sity of Edinburgh, in College Library, 

2 Register of the University of Edin- No. II. p. 145. 
burgh, p. 35. 



2GO HISTORY OF THE 

charge of the Bejan class, in number seventy-four, at 
the matriculation, February 9, 1697. Mr. Scott pro- 
ceeded with the Semi class, with forty-two superve- 
nients ; Mr. Kennedy had the Bachelor, and Mr. Law 
the Magistrand. 
1697. The 109th class, under the tuition of Mr. William 

The one 

Shciass d Law, being brought towards the conclusion of their 
four years' course, twenty-three of them were gradu- 
ated privately, and fifty-eight publicly, on the 28th of 
June 1697. No printed theses appear. 

As to the custom of the students of the Semi class 
throwing a foot-ball into the Bejan class on the 10th of 
March, to prevent its renewal, the students of the Semi 
class this year subscribed the following document : 

" We, undersubscribers, students in the Semi class of the College 
of Edinburgh, being fully persuaded that the custom of throwing a 
foot-ball into the Bejan class upon the 10th of March yearly hath 
been the occasion of much disorder and confusion in the said College, 
aud being earnestly entreated by our Regent to give this public 
testimony of our willingness to have this abominable custom for ever 
banished the College : Therefore, we hereby solemnly declare and 
own our dislike of the same, and that it may effectually appear, we 
hereby bind ourselves, that we in no manner of way, either directly 
or indirectly, shall contribute to the keeping up of the foresaid custom, 
or attempt the throwing in of the said ball on the 10th of March 
ensuing, or at any other time hereafter, while we are students in the 
said College ; and if any of our number shall offer, notwithstanding 
of this our solemn declaration and engagement, to throw in the said 
ball, we do hereby renounce them for our comrades for ever, and 
declare them unworthy of the name of students and gentlemen, and 
give them freely up to the Faculty of the College, whom we hereby 
earnestly entreat to banish and extrude from their society such in- 
famous and unworthy members ; and in testimony of the sincerity 
of this our declaration, we are willing and consent that the same 
should remain amongst the records of this College. In witness 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 261 

whereof, we have signed these presents at the College of Edinburgh, 
the third day of March 1697 years." 

This document has appended to it 121 signatures. 1 

Though the several Universities and Colleges had 
been employed in drawing up a uniform system of 
Philosophy, ever since this was enjoined by the Com- 
mission of Visitation in their Act of the 2d of August 
1695, yet the different parts of that system could not 
be brought forward in a sufficiently correct state so 
soon as the Commission had appointed. First drafts, 
however, of these different parts had been circulated 
among the several Universities and Colleges, and 
written observations made upon them had been laid 
before the delegates from the Colleges, at their meet- 
ings at Edinburgh this year. 

In the above-mentioned Act, the Commission had 
appointed that the Logics and General Metaphysics 
should be composed by the two Colleges of St. An- 
drews ; the General and Special Ethics by the College 
of Glasgow ; the General and Special Physics by the 
two Colleges of Aberdeen ; and the Pneumatics or 
Special Metaphysics by the College of Edinburgh. 

On the 12th of March 1697, "the Faculty received 
from the University of St. Andrews their observations 
on that part of the course of Philosophy composed by 
Aberdeen, together with the Tractatus Anatomicus 
composed by Aberdeen." On the 9th of April, they 
"received from St. Andrews the Glasgow Ethics, to 
be revised by the Faculty." Particular posts were 

1 MS. Papers, illustrative of the History and Constitution of the University of 
Edinburgh, in College Library, No. I. p. 63. 



262 HISTORY OF THE 

allotted to Messrs. Law, Kennedy, Row, Dundas, and 
Scott. On the 14th of May the Faculty "received 
the St. Andrews animadversions on the Glasgow 
Ethics." And on the 1st of July they "appointed 
Mr. Law and Mr. Row to attend the Committee of 
Commission of Parliament for visiting Universities." 1 

Various meetings were held by the delegates in the 
months of July and August this year for considering 
the remarks and animadversions transmitted from 
different Colleges, previous to their delivering the 
different parts of the system in a correct form to the 
Commission of Visitation. 

These original animadversions by the separate 
Colleges, with the observations made upon them by 
the delegates from all the Colleges met at Edinburgh, 
are preserved among the papers of the University of 
Edinburgh, and form a curious collection, from which 
might be gathered a pretty good notion of what sort 
of science was understood and taught in the Colleges 
of Scotland at that time. Among the MSS. of the 
same College is likewise preserved the original of the 
Special Physics, as transmitted by the King's College, 
Aberdeen, and drawn up by Mr. William Black, 2 a 
member of that Society. 

The animadversions upon this performance made 
by the Faculty of Arts of the University of St. Andrews 
are expressed with great severity ; which drew answers 
of the same sort from the author. Tlu-s*- \vciv al] laid 
before a meeting of the delegates on the 1 6th of 

i Rejri*tTi.niii' I Diversity of Kdin- * HInrk \vu> tin- inkier \ Ku.Miiiian. 

burgh, in College Library, jiji. 35. 3<j. Be < frUmen'l l.ilr >!' Hu.l.liinaii. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 263 

August 1697 ; whose opinion upon them is also pre- 
served. As a specimen of this opinion we may quote 
the paragraphs upon the 20th and 30th animadversions. 

20th. "One part of the delegates are of opinion 
that Newton's hypothesis of the ebbing and flowing 
of the sea should be insert, or a reason given why 
it is not ; and the other part think there is no need 
to make any mention of it. And the author gives 
this reason why he has omitted it, because neither he 
nor any he has conversed with on the subject do so 
fully understand what Newton does write thereon as 
they can make it intelligible to the young students, 
for whose sake this tractate is chiefly designed. And 
the delegates do not find that the author has any- 
where promised to examine all the celebrated opinions 
on this subject, as this observe does allege." 

30th. "From this remark the delegates took occa- 
sion to consider the difficulty proponed by the author 
in the tractate against Newton's opinion of the Earth's 
being seventeen Gallic miles higher at the equator than 
at the poles ; and judging it a real difficulty, some 
of the delegates were of opinion, that it might be 
proper to take the opinion of the most knowing mathe- 
maticians in the nation anent this particular. But 
others thought this not needful, and thinking the argu- 
ments proposed against Newton valid, do refer this 
whole matter to the Commission." 1 

The Special Physics of King's College, Aberdeen, are 
the only branch of the intended system to be found in 

1 MS. Papers illustrative of the His- of Edinburgh, in College Library, No. 
tory and Constitution of the University II. pp. 92, 93. 



264 HISTORY OF THE 

the Library of the University of Edinburgh. Perhaps 
the other parts may still be preserved in some of the 
other Colleges. 

On the 29th of January 1697, in the Court of 
Session, Philiphaugh reported Mr. Andrew Massie 
against the town of Edinburgh, for reducing the de- 
creet, whereby they had deprived him of being one of 
the Philosophy Eegents in the College of Edinburgh. 
The Lords, on account of some informality on the part 
of the town, reponed Mr. Massie against the decreet, 
and allowed him to be farther heard before the Ordi- 
nary anent his repossession and damages in lying out 
of his place. 1 In the debate betwixt Kow and Scott, 
which of the two should cede his place to make room 
for Massie's re-entry, the Lords ordained Mr. Scott to 
cede. 2 

In October 1697, Mr. William Law entered upon 
the charge of the new Bejan class, the number of 
which at the matriculation amounted to seventy-seven ; 
Mr. John Kow proceeded in the Semi, with fifty- 
seven supervenients ; Mr. William Scott in the 
Bachelor; and Mr. Herbert Kennedy in the Magis- 
trand. 
i6P8. The 110th class, under the tuition of Mr. Herbert 

Tin one 

tetkcta* Kennedy, was brought to the conclusion of the course 
in July 1698, forty-five of them having gra<Ju;it< -<1 
privately at different times. 

By an Act passed on the 3d of January 1698, the 
Commission for Visitation appointed copies of the St. 
Andrews Logics and Metaphysics to each of the Col- 

1 Seo Fountainhall's Decisions, vol. i. p. 761. 2 Ibid. vol. i. p. 787. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 265 

leges, and ordained the same to be dictated and taught 
this year to the students. They also ordained the 
Masters of the Colleges of Glasgow, Aberdeen, and 
Edinburgh, to finish the several parts of Philosophy 
composed by them with all expedition, and that each 
College teach that course or system composed by 
themselves, and which had been produced before the 
Commission in the preceding July, according as the 
same was ordered to be corrected and amended by the 
delegates from the Colleges. They also ordered the 
Colleges to return to the Clerk of the Commission the 
observations made by the several Colleges upon each 
part of Philosophy, also the observations made by the 
delegates from the several Universities, when they 
met jointly together at Edinburgh in the preceding 
July and August, that the observations may be con- 
sidered by the Commission, and determined upon by 
them ; and further, that they send a copy of the sys- 
tem of Philosophy composed by each College, corrected 
and amended conformable to the said observations, to 
the Clerk of the Commission, to be considered by the 
Commission or their Committee ; and this to be done 
with all expedition. 

On the 31st of January 1698, it was ordered by 
the Commission of Visitation, that intimation be made 
to the Principal and Professors of the College of Edin- 
burgh, that they must produce against the ensuing 
Monday the Pneumatics, Logic, or Special Metaphysics, 
composed by them, corrected and amended, as formerly 
appointed ; and that they have seven copies thereof 
complete in readiness against that day, viz., the 7th of 



266 HISTORY OF THE 

February next, to be transmitted to the several Uni- 
versities and Colleges, under pain of being declared 
contemners of the authority of the Commission, and 
deprivation of their offices. And it is recommended 
to the Magistrates of Edinburgh, Patrons of the 
College, and to the College Treasurer, to advance 
money for defraying the expense of copying the said 
Course of Philosophy. 

On the 25th of March 1698, Mr. Andrew Massie 
was, upon petition, reponed to his office by the Town- 
Council (after being " stopped and hindered for more 
than two years"), in the room of Mr. Herbert Kennedy 
deceased, whose classes he succeeded to. He states 
that it was "through a misfortune, which he did 
heartily regret." 

On the 13th of April, an Act of Council was passed 
allowing Mr. Kobert Henderson thirty pounds sterling, 
over and above his salary, for his great trouble in 
making catalogues of the Library. He says, that he 
had gone abroad to visit the state of other libraries. 
His father had officiated for him during his absence. 1 

On the 12th of December 1698, the Commission of 
Parliament ordered their Clerk to communicate to the 
several Colleges that they are to teach the same course 
of Philosophy wliich they were enjoined to have taught 
the preceding year, with power, if long or prolix, to 
abridge it. And the Masters of the several Colleges 
are required to send the first copies of the courses 
composed by them before they were amended, and to 
which the observations, relate, thut tin* same inav be 

1 Town-round I !{ >nls. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 267 

considered by the Committee, in order to their better 
despatching the report they are to make to the Com- 
mission concerning them. 

In October 1698, Mr. Herbert Kennedy, whose turn 
it was to begin the Bejan class, being dead, Mr. 
Andrew Massie entered upon the charge of the new 
Bejan class, which at the matriculation, February 23, 
1699, were in number forty-seven. Mr. William Law 
proceeded in the Semi class, with an accession of 
eighty-five supervenients ; Mr. John Eow proceeded 
with the Bachelors ; and Mr. William Scott, who was 
to have ceded for the re-entry of Mr. Massie, retained 
his place in consequence of the death of Mr. Herbert 
Kennedy. 

On the 4th of June 1699, the Faculty enacted that im. 
each graduate, when he received his degree, should sub- 
scribe an obligation never to take any degree inferior 
to that of M. A. in any other University or College ; and 
they appointed Monday the 26th for the Laureation. 

The lllth class, under the tuition of Mr. William The one 

hundred and 

Scott, was brought to the conclusion of their course in 
June this year, of whom twenty-seven were graduated 
privately, and forty-three publicly, the 23d and 24th 
of that month. 1 

On the 1 Oth of October, the Faculty appointed that 

1 Arnot, in his History of Edinburgh, their printed theses." This could not 

p. 158, anno 1698, on the margin says be the graduation June 1698, as that 

that, " at a public graduation of stu- was a private one. That of 1697 and 

dents, at which the Magistrates, in their this of 1699 were public ; but of these 

formalities, attended, the Professor of there are no printed theses in the Col- 

Philosophy pronounced a harangue in lege collection. Mr. Arnot does not 

favour of that settlement on the Isthmus mention where he got this anecdote. 

of Darien, the legality of which, against It is, however, extremely probable. 
all other pretenders, was maintained in 



a 



268 HISTORY OF THE 

every student who should enter to the study of Divinity, 
should have a certificate of his education, and receiv- 
ing the degree of M.A. from the College where he had 
been taught. 

On the 27th of November this year, "the Commission 
of Parliament appointed for visitation of Universities, 
Colleges, and Schools, having considered some propo- 
sitions produced before them, which they are informed 
are vented among students, and contained in some 
books made use of by them, and having considered a 
Report of a Committee of their number thereanent, 
the Commission finds that there are some of these Pro- 
positions so manifestly false and pernicious, that they 
hereby enjoin the Masters of the Colleges to watch over 
their scholars, that they do not own nor argue for 
them, and that the Masters confute them, and restrain 
their scholars from such books as vent them, such 
as : 

" 1. Mundum vel niateriani esse ab seterno. 

"2. Rationem nostram, seu philosophiam esse Scrip- 
turae Interpretem seu Regulam, secundum quam de 
veritate in divinis est judicandum. 

" 3. Rationem prudentis esse Primam Regulam mo- 
rum. 

" Secondly, There are others of the said Propositions 
presented to the Commission, which are not so mani- 
festly absurd as the former, yet being generally <li>- 
;i] >lroven by the Reformed and Popish divines, the 
Commission appoints that the same may be forborne, 
and discharges the Masters to teach them, which aiv eua 
follows : 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 269 

" 1. Spiritus esse nullibi. 

" 2. Animae essentiam in actual! cogitatione esse 
positam. 

"3. Spirituum purorum finitoruin (id est) Angelo- 
rum existentiam, non posse, nisi ex Scriptura, probari. 

"4. De omnibus est dubitandum, vel assensum esse 
tantisper suspendendum, in ordine ad veritatem cog- 
noscendam. 

" 5. Claram nostram et distinctam cognitionem esse 
veritatis optimum criterium. 

" 6. Brutis non competere sensationes sed esse mera 
automata. 

"7. Animam humanara fieri ex traduce. 

" Thirdly, The Commission finds that there are some 
of the said Propositions which, at first hearing, are 
offensive, and in their full latitude may be false, that 
yet with restriction and limitation may be passed ; yet 
the Commission enjoyns that either these be not taught 
or cautiously explained, such as : 

" 1. Rerum essentias esse aeternas. 

" 2. Dari propositiones (quarum uterque terminus 
est Creatura) aetemae veritatis. 

" 3. Rerum possibilitatem esse iis intrinsecam ab 
aeterno. 

" 4. Animae esse essentiale quod semper actu cogi- 
tet. 

" 5. Dari felicitatem naturalem, eamque consistere 
in actione virtutis. 

" 6. Nat lira nos esse aptos ad virtutem, eamque 
agendo comparari. 

" And generally the Commission does discharge all 



270 HISTORY OF THE 

Propositions to be taught which are contra Jidcm <>( 
bonos mores." 1 

The Commission for Visitation still continued their 
meetings, but complained, that the Committee formerly 
named for revising the intended Philosophical course 
had made small progress in that work ; and that it was 
difficult to get them to meet. They ordained (27th of 
November 1699), that the Principals of the several 
Universities and Colleges go through the whole system, 
copies of which were now in every University ; and 
that they cornpendize the said course, and make their 
remarks thereon ; and that they all meet at Edinburgh 
the 21st of May 1700, and bring with them their 
several remarks and observations ; and that at that 
time they go through the same jointly, with all pos- 
sible exactness, and have a report of the whole work 
ready to be presented to the Commission against their 
first meeting in June next, under pain of censure for 
neglect and contempt, 

In October 1699, after the usual vacation, Mr. 
William Scott entered upon the charge of a new Bejan 
class, of which the number matriculated on the 15th 
of February following amounted to seventy-seven. 
Mr. Massie proceeded with the Semi class, with an 
accession of thirty supervenients ; Mr. Law had the 
Bachelors, and Mr. Row the Magistrand class. 
.TOO On the 31st of January 1700, Mr. George Meldrum, 
minister of Edinburgh, was chosen member of tin- 

1 MS. Papers illustrative of the His- II. p. m Kutitli-l ,.n tin- back : "Or- 
tciry ami < 'oiistitutimi <>f the University dcr .-iiu-nt MMMC i-rr"in'ous proposition-, 
I Ivlinburph, in ('nlli-jre Library, No. ]<;: 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 271 

General Assembly for the College by the Magistrates 
and Professors met together in Council. 1 

The 112th class, under the tuition of Mr. John The one 

hundred 

Kow, being in their fourth year, were graduated, JJJJ^ 
nineteen of them privately, and thirty-four publicly, dl 
so early as the 30th of April. 

On the 12th of June, " the Council taking into 
their consideration that the deceased Mr. William 
Dunlop, Principal of the College of Glasgow, was at 
considerable pains and expenses in procuring from 
his Majesty the gift of twelve hundred pounds sterling 
yearly, out of the Bishops' rents, to the use of the 
four Universities of this Kingdom ; 2 of which sum three 
hundred pounds sterling was, by the said gift, granted 
to the University of this city ; and that the said 
Mr. William Dunlop did, while in life, and now Mr. 
Alexander Dunlop, his son, does claim a certain sum 
of money from the good town, as their part of the 
expenses disbursed by the said defunct in obtaining 
the said gift : Therefore the Council appoint and 
assign to be granted to the said Mr. Alexander 
Dunlop by the Town Council one hundred pounds 
sterling." 3 

On the 16th of August, the Commission of Visitation 
"having taken into their consideration that it would 
conduce much to the better learning, and for the 
improvement of the study of the Greek tongue, that 
the teacher thereof in the first of the four classes in 
use for Greek and Philosophy in each University and 

1 Town-Council Records. 

2 [Mr. Dunlop had been in London on this business.] 

3 Town-Council Records. 



272 HISTORY OF THE 

College were fixed and not ambulatory, as now he is, 
do therefore, for hereafter appoint and ordain, that 
the said teacher of the Greek tongue be fixed, and 
continue still to teach the same in the said first class, 
to all that come to learn under him from year to year, 
as constant master of the said Greek language, which 
he is hereby appointed to begin to teach, at and after 
the first day of November, through the whole year, 
until the rising of his class by the ordinary vacation ; 
so that, in all that space, he is only to teach the Greek 
Grammar and proper Greek authors, without teaching 
so much as any structura syllogismi, or anything else 
belonging to the course of Philosophy, which is only 
to be commenced the next year thereafter ; and this 
act and ordinance to take effect after the first day of 
November next : Likeas, for the better encouragement 
of the said fixed teacher of the said Greek, it is hereby 
appointed, that no scholar bred at school in Scotland, 
and not foreign-bred, shall be admitted to learn the 
Philosophy, or any part of the course thereof, in any 
of the said Colleges and Universities, unless that he 
have learned the Greek, at least for the ordinary year, 
under the said fixed Greek master, and report ,m 
authentic certificate thereon ; and this provision to 
take effect for and after the year 1701, and no sooner." 1 
The office of a Kegent having become vacant by the 
resignation of Mr. Row, a program was published, 
inviting candidates to a comparative trial for the 
vacant chair on the 12th of November 1700. 



1 MS. Papers illustrative of the History and Constitution of the University of 
Edinburgh, in College Library, No. II. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 273 

November 12, 1700. Sederunt at the College, the 
Magistrates and Council, with the Principal and Profes- 
sors, Principal Eule, Mr. George Campbell, Mr. Andrew 
Massie, Mr. William Scott, Mr. William Law, Mr. 
Laurence Dundas, Mr. James Gregory, and Mr. Alex 
ander Rule ; and the Ministers, Mr. William Crighton, 
Mr. James Webster, Mr. George Hamilton, Mr. John 
Hamilton, Mr. George Andrews. 

The candidates who appeared for a disputation for 
the place of Mr. John Row, were Mr. William Hog, 
son to the deceased William Hog, merchant-burgess 
of Edinburgh ; Mr. Charles Erskine, brother-german to 
the Laird of Alva ; Kenneth Campbell, servant to the 
Earl of Argyll ; and John Beaton, servant to the Laird 
of Culloden junior. 

Lots having been drawn by the candidates for the 
subjects of debate, the lots fell as follows : No. 5, De 
Motu, to Mr. Beaton ; No. 6, De Prima Moralitatis 
Regula, to Mr. Hog ; No. 8, De Materise Divisibilitate, 
to Mr. Erskine ; No. 9, De Brutorum Perceptione, to 
Mr. Campbell. The candidates were enjoined to have 
ready an exegesis upon an ode of Pindar, prescribed 
by the Principal against that day eight days, for a 
trial of their skill in Greek. 

Thursday thereafter was appointed for the public 
dispute ; and, in order thereto, the candidates were 
to interchange their theses on Saturday next. The 
candidate who got the first lot, was to say prayers in 
Latin at the opening of the disputation. l 

Mr. Charles Erskine (who became Lord Advocate, 2 

1 Town-Council Records. [2 See p. 295.] 

S 



274 HISTORY OF THE 

and afterwards Lord Justice-Clerk) was preferred at 
this trial; and, on the 26th of February 1701, he ob- 
tained the office. He entered to the charge of the new 
Bejan class, the number of which, at the matriculation 
on the 20th of May 1701, amounted to thirty ; Mr. 
Scott went on in the Semi, with sixty-one super- 
venients ; Mr. Massie with the Bachelors ; and Mr. 
Law with the Magistrands. 

1701 On the 24th of January 1701, some additional laws 

for the College, concerning the students, given in to 
the Town-Council by the Principal and Professors, 
having been considered, were approved of by the 
Council ; and the Librarian was ordered to insert 
them with the other laws of the College. 

ADDITIONAL LAWS FOR THE COLLEGE. 

" 1 . The College meetings begin with October. 

" 2. In the winter session, the students are to meet in their classes 
every day before seven in the morning ; and after prayer the rolls 
are called. Absents are to be marked, and fined at the Regent's 
pleasure. No student, therefore, at such a time or any other ap- 
pointed for meeting, may walk idly in the courts, or be present at 
any game, viz., the hand-ball, billiards, or bowls, and the like, under 
the penalty of threepence for the first and second time, and the 
double for the third, to be exacted of each student transgressing. 

" 3. On the Lord's day the students are to convene in their 
classes presently after sermons, to be exercised in their sacred lessons. 

" 4. The Censor of each class is to write two rolls of names, and 
to affix to each student's name his residence, that, if any withdraw, 
inquiry may be made at his landlord's. One of the rolls is for the 
Primar's use ; the other for the Regent's use. 

" 5. None may do or speak wickedly, wrongfully, or obscenely, 
or nasty and obscene talk. Such, therefore, as profane God's sacred 
name and vent horrid oaths, or nasty and obscene talk, are to pay 
sixpence the first time, and thereafter to be severely chastised. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 275 

u 6. All students are to carry respectfully towards the Professors, 
and to obey their injunctions. Those who transgress, are to be fined, 
first in a penny, and after in twopence. 

" 7. Students are obliged to discourse always in Latin ; as also 
to speak modestly, chastely, courteously, and in no manner uncivilly 
or [to be] quarrelsome, but to entertain good, profitable, and pious 
conferences. Those who transgress, especially such as speak English 
within the college, are liable the first time in a penny ; thereafter 
in twopence. 

"8. All are to be diligent and painful in their studies, neither 
must any interrupt another, by entering into his class or chamber, or 
curiously hearken or listen at doors or windows except the Censors. 

" 9. None may absent from the College, or go out of it, without 
his Regent's license. 

" 10. Neither may any go out of the class without leave of the 
Regent or of the Censor in his absence ; and he who goes out by 
permission is presently to return, for upon no account is he to tarry. 
Those who transgress are amerced in twopence. 

"11. Every one is to show good example to others by his piety, 
goodness, modesty, and diligence in learning, as becomes a disciple 
of Christ. 

" 1 2. Let none molest another by word, gesture, or deed, or any 
way wrong or reproach another ; otherwise to be fined at pleasure. 

" 13. Let all strife, reproaches, and what is dishonest, be re- 
moved. 

" 1 4. Every one is obliged to warn those who either loiter, or do 
anything blameable, in a friendly way, as becomes a Christian ; and 
if the person thus admonished do not amend, he is to mark and 
delate him. 

" 15. None may in word or deed avenge himself when wronged 
or reproached, but is to complain to the Primar or the Master of the 
student offending. Those who transgress shall be fined at discretion. 

" 1 6. None may irreverently pass by, behold, or bespeak persons 
of respect, but in good manners set off their college education. 

" 1 7. Let none in public behave himself otherwise than gravely, 
modestly, as becomes students of good letters. 

"18. Let all shun bad company, as a corrupting plague. 

"19. None may carry sword, gun, and dagger, and such arms, 
or forfeit threepence. 



276 HISTORY OF THE 

" 20. None in the evening may walk the streets. 

"21. Let none throw at glass windows, spoil or abuse the walls, 
seats, forms, desks, pulpits, or whatever is included in the College, 
by breaking or violent usage ; but let all things be preserved entire 
and clean. 

" 22. The Censors are to be faithful in their duty, to admonish 
delinquents, and delate them. And if any of them act negligently 
or remissly, in concealing another's fault, he shall find, to his great 
dishonour, to have transferred the same to himself ; for he will be 
liable to that fine which the fault concealed deserved. And if any 
shall threaten, or do harm to, the Censor in doing his office, he shall 
pay sixpence, toties quoties. 

" 23. Those who transgress any way shall be chastised accord- 
ingly- 

" 24. Those who are arraigned guilty of rebellion, sedition, or 
tumults, and ringleaders of any such notable wickedness, are first of 
all obnoxious to the fines and punishments denounced by his Majesty's 
Privy Council, and thereafter are to be extruded and cast out of the 
College. 

" 25. None may stand at the gate any time, or forfeit fourpence ; 
neither use unhandsomely, uncivilly, or toss those who enter or pass, 
or incur the fine of sixpence ; nor may any play or walk in view of 
the Professors, otherwise he will be fined arbitrarily. 

"26. Let none throw stones or snow-balls, or incur a fine at 
pleasure. 

" 27. Let none in the classes or passages way -lay or lay -wait any 
who pass, or forfeit a sixpence. 

" 28. The Principal and Masters being informed that the most 
destructive custom of playing at dice (owing its rise to infamous 
bankrupts) has lately crept into the College, and knowing what 
hazard and mischief this portends to studies, piety, and good man- 
ners, therefore they strictly discharge students to use cards, dice, 
raffling, or any such games of lottery, and enact, that whoever is 
guilty and convicted of these unlawful games, he shall pay half a- 
crown the first time, then a crown, the third time a crown and a 
half, for the use of the Library ; and if, thereafter, the said person 
convicted and fined cannot be reduced nor reformed, he is to be ex- 
truded with disgrace, as one lost and incorrigible, and a corrupter of 
the youth. 






UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH . 277 

"29. None may enter taverns, ale-houses, or incur an arbitrary fine. 

" 30. Those who neglect to go to church shall forfeit sixpence 
each time. 

"31. The Censors of each class are carefully to mark those that 
speak English, or who curse, swear, or talk smutty or obscene [lan- 
guage], or any way contravene the laws foresaid, that so they may be 
punished according to the offence given." 1 

The 113th class, under Mr. Law, being now in their 
fourth year, twenty-seven of them were graduated 
privately, and fifty-three publicly, on the 29th of 
April 1701. 

In October the College, as usual, met, when Mr. 
Law entered upon the charge of the new Bejan class, 
amounting, at the matriculation, February 20, 1702, 
to ninety-two. Mr. Charles Erskine proceeded in the 
Semi class, having received forty-two supervenients. 
Mr. William Scott had the charge of the Bachelors, 
and Mr. Massie that of the Magistrands. 

On the 24th of December 1701, the Council, with 
advice of the ministers, elected the Eev. Mr. George 
Meldrum, minister of the Tron Church, to be Professor 
of Divinity, in place of Mr. George Campbell de- 
ceased, but he was not installed till the 13th of 
October 1702. 2 

On the 26th of December 1701, Mr. Alexander 
Rule resigned the Professorship of Hebrew and other 
Oriental languages ; and the place was not supplied 
till the 6th of November 1702, when the Council 
elected Mr. John Goodall, with an annual salary of 
500 marks. 



1 Register of the University of Edinburgh, pp. 16-1 8. 
- See Wodrow's History, vol. i. p. 149. 






278 HISTORY OF THE 

1702. King William died on the 8th of March 1702, in 
the fifty-second year of his age, and was succeeded by 
Queen Anne. He was one of the most considerable 
benefactors of the College of Edinburgh, having, in 
the year 1694, granted a fund of 300 per annum 
out of the Bishops' rents, etc. 1 

On the 8th of May, report was made to the Town- 
Council concerning the Theological Library, begun 
and collected by the late Keverend George Campbell, 
Professor of Divinity, and that all the books and 
donations were found to be distinctly recorded in a 
book. 2 
The one The 114th class, under the charge of Mr. Massie, 

hundred and 

- 1 being now in the fourth year of their course, twelve 



of them were graduated privately, and twenty -six 
publicly, on the 28th of April. 

In October 1702, at the usual meeting of the 
College, Mr. Massie undertook the charge of the new 
Bejan class, in number twenty- five at the matricu- 
lation, February 25, 1703. Mr. Law had the Semi 
class, with seventy-eight supervenients ; Mr. Erskine 
the Bachelors ; and Mr. Scott the Magistrands. 

On the 4th of November, the Town-Council having 
considered that the several funds and donations mor- 
tified to the College had been far short of the payment 
of former salaries settled upon the Principal, Masters. 
and Professors of the College, and that, to supply this 
deficiency, considerable sums had been paid out of 
the good Town's common good yearly, the Council, 

1 See supra, p. 250. 

* Town-Council Records. [TheTheo- the Students in the Divinity Hall, i> 
logical Library, chiefly for the use of still kept up within the College.] 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. L'7'J 

therefore, fixed and settled 1600 marks of yearly salary 
on the Principal in all time coming, to be paid quar- 
terly by the College-Treasurer. 1 
The 115th class, under Mr. William Scott, being The - 



hundred and 



now in the fourth year of their course, the graduation, fifteenth' 
by permission of the Faculty, was authorized by the duated 
following act to be entirely private : 

" The Faculty of Philosophy within the University 
of Edinburgh, taking into their consideration the 
reasons offered by Mr. Scott why his Magistrand class 
should be privately graduated, and being fully satisfied 
with the same, Do unanimously, according to their 
undoubted right, contained in the charter of erection, 
and their constant and uninterrupted custom in such 
cases, appoint the said class to be laureated privately 
upon the last Tuesday of April next, being the 27th 
day of the said month. Signed by order, and in pre- 
sence of the Faculty, by Kobert Henderson, Clerk, 
January 20, 1703." 

The Professors having, by this act, claimed to 
themselves the powers of an independent faculty, and 
virtually set aside the authority of the Town-Council 
over the management of the internal affairs of the 
College, this gave great offence to the Town-Council. 
The Lord Provost, therefore, proposed a visitation of 
the College. This visitation took place in the Library, 
on the 15th of February 1703. 

Sederunt (on that day), the Lord Provost, Hugh 
Cunningham, etc., with the Assessors, viz., Sir James 
Stewart, Lord Advocate, and Sir Gilbert Elliot, and 

1 Town-Council Records. 



280 HISTORY OF THE 

the following ministers, Mr. William Crighton, Mr. 
David Blair, Mr. Thomas Wilkie, Mr. John Moncrieff, 
Mr. James Webster, Mr. George Andrew, Mr. James 
Hart, and Mr. Eobert Sandilands. 

The Masters of the College being called for, there 
compeared Mr. George Meldrum, Mr. Andrew Massie, 
Mr. William Law, Mr. William Scott, Mr. Charles 
Erskine, Mr. Laurence Dundas, Mr. James Gregory, 
Mr. John Goodall, and Mr. John Gumming. 

The Lord Provost ordered the laws given by the 
Town-Council of Edinburgh, 1628, to be read, and 
that paragraph of the laws anent the visitation of the 
College, was read accordingly. Thereafter the act of 
the Town-Council, 1663, anent the visitation of the 
College was read. 

The Provost complained that he had seen an un- 
warrantable act of the Masters of the College, viz., 
the Professors of Philosophy, Humanity, Mathematics, 
and Church History, wherein they asserted themselves 
a Faculty empowered by a charter of erection, and 
appointed 'Mr. William Scott's Magistrand class to be 
privately graduated this year; and desired the pre- 
tended act to be read. 

This the Lord Advocate advised to be deferred at 
that time, as, after conference with the Masters, he 
found them willing to pass from that act, and to take 
up and withdraw their protest anent the electing of a 
commissioner from the College to the General Assem- 
bly ; and that they would apply to their patrons to 
know the time and place, way and manner, how the 
laureation should be made this year ; and he said 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 281 

that he would wait on any committee of the Council, 
and make such overtures as might regulate such mat- 
ters in time coming, to the honour of the Council 
as patrons, and advantage of the Masters, with their 
due dependence upon the Council. 

Bailie Blackwood approved of the Lord Advocate's 
proposal, but thought the Council would not be satis- 
fied unless the Masters not only passed from their 
pretended act, but owned that it wanted all manner 
of foundation. Dean of Guild Brown also approved 
of what the Lord Advocate proposed, but desired that 
the Masters should be interrogated if they themselves 
agreed to what had been proposed. Upon this the 
Lord Provost asked them all separately, and they all 
severally assented, and the Lord Advocate undertook 
to extend the matter in writing. 

Then follows the Act of Visitation : 

" The Lord Provost, Bailies, and Council of Edinburgh, being 
convened in Council at the foresaid Visitation held within the College 
of Edinburgh, taking into their consideration the charter granted to 
the good town by King James the Sixth of happy memory, upon the 
14th day of August 1582, empowering the good town to found 
schools and colleges within their precincts, in manner therein pro- 
vided, with power to the Magistrates and Council thereof to build 
houses and schools for all manner of professors and sciences, as 
grammar, humanity, languages, theology, philosophy, medicine, 
laws, or for whatever other liberal science ; and to elect, input, and 
output masters, as they shall think fit, inhibiting all other schools 
and professions within the said burgh ; as the said charter more fully 
bears : And that, conform thereto, and ever since the erecting of the 
said College, the Magistrates and Council have had and exercised the 
only and full government of the said College, by electing, inputting, 
and outputting masters and professors, prescribing and appointing 
laws, rules and statutes, for direction of the said masters and pro- 



HISTORY OF THE 

fessors and their scholars ; and generally for ordering and regulating 
all things belonging to the discipline and police of the said College, 
and due administration thereof ; as also in choosing a commissioner 
to the Assemblies of this Kirk in behalf of the said College, as the 
records of the good town seen, revised, and considered, do particu- 
larly and fully testify : Notwithstanding whereof, the Masters of the 
said College, taking upon them of late to meet by themselves as an 
independent Faculty of the said College, did on the 20th of January 
last make the following act [The act is given before, p. 279] : As also 
that some of the said Masters did lately claim a power to themselves, 
separately from the Magistrates and Town- Council, to elect a com- 
missioner to the ensuing General Assembly, and in the face of the 
Town-Council protested for the same : Therefore, the said Lord Pro- 
vost, Bailies, and Council being met upon the foresaid occasion, in 
the said Visitation with the Ministers of Edinburgh thereunto called, 
Did declare their just dissatisfaction with the foresaid act and pro- 
ceedings of the said Masters, as being unwarrantable and unprece- 
dented. But it having been proposed, for the more peaceable and 
more happy composure of those differences, that the said Masters 
should, in presence of the Magistrates and Town-Council, with the 
said Ministers convened in manner foresaid, pass from their said act, 
as unwarrantable, and submit themselves entirely to the Magistrates 
and Town-Council, to order the foresaid laureation as to time, place, 
and manner, as the Council should think fit ; as also to take up, 
and withdraw their said protest taken anent the electing a commis- 
sioner for the Assembly : And that a committee of the Town-Council 
might be appointed for revising the laws of the College prescribed 
to them by the Town-Council, and for making such other laws, after 
our hearing of the said Masters, as may be thought proper to prevent 
the like mistakes in time coming, for the weal and benefit of the 
College : And the said Masters, to wit, the Professors of Philosophy, 
Humanity, Mathematics, and Church History, being all present, and 
particularly interrogated, if they agreed to the said proposals, and 
they having each of them for himself, and all of them together, de- 
clared their assent, the said Magistrates and Town-Council, with 
advice of the said Ministers, declared their acceptance of the foresaid 
proposal and agreement, and that they would appoint a committee 
with their first convenience for the ends above expressed. And they 
ordained this act to be drawn up, and extended upon the whole 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 283 

premisses, and recorded in the books of Council, relating to the Col- 
lege, ad futuram rei memoriam. Sic subscribitur, 

" HUGH CUNNINGHAM, Provost." 1 

On the 5th of March, the Town-Council appointed 
Mr. Scott's class to be publicly graduated, the considera- 
tion of the time, place, and manner being deferred 
until the next Council day. On the 12th of the same 
month they appointed the public laureation to be kept 
in the common hall of the College upon the first Tues 
day of May 'next. But, pro hac vice, they allowed 
a private graduation, on the petition of Mr. Scott, 
" showing, that it having pleased the Council some 
time ago, by their act, to appoint the Magistrand 
class to be publicly graduated upon the 4th day of 
May instant, in obedience thereto the petitioner duly 
intimated the same to his scholars present, but most 
of them being gone before the said act and intima- 
tion thereof, so through the want of intelligence, and 
other causes, many of the scholars were not returned 
from the country upon the said 4th instant, and other 
insuperable difficulties falling in the way of a public 
graduation in this juncture, the same could not be per- 
. formed, craving, therefore, the Council to allow the 
said class to be graduated privately, pro hac vice." 2 

On the same day the Council passed an act order- 
ing diplomas or testificates to the graduates, to have 
the town's seal appended to them in a white iron box. 
The Primar with three or four of the Eegents were to 
sign the diploma, and the Librarian was not to exact 
above four pounds Scots, and was to be easy to poor 

1 Town-Council Records. 

2 [See Catalogue of the Graduates, pp. 1/2-174.] 



284 HISTORY OF THE 

scholars. In the formula used at the graduation, hon- 
ourable mention was ordered to be made of the Town- 
Council, the patrons. 1 

The office of Principal of the College having become 
vacant by the death of Dr. Gilbert Rule, it was offered 
to Mr. William Carstairs, a distinguished Presbyterian 
clergyman, who had been the confidential friend of 
King William; and he was prevailed with by his 
friends to accept it. 2 He was elected by the Coun- 
cil May 12, 1703 ; and, on the 19th, he appeared in 
Council, and took the oath of allegiance to Queen 
Anne, and subscribed the same with the assurance. 
His inauguration was appointed to take place on the 
3d of June ; and instructions were ordered to be deli- 
vered to him by the Lord Provost as to " the office of 
the Principal of the College," as laid down in " The 
Discipline of the College of Edinburgh," appointed 
and ordained December 3, 1628. 

On the 3d of September, the Lord Provost produced 
before the Town-Council an abbreviate of the acts 
anent the College ; which being read, together with an 
Act of Parliament ratifying the rights of the College, 
they ordained the said abbreviate to be recorded.* 

On the 8th of September, Bailie Hugh Linn pro- 
duced at the Council-table a Catalogue of the College 
Library, which was delivered by the Council to the 
clerks, to be kept by them for their use. 

On the 22d of October, by an act of the Town- 

Town-Council Records. 

8 See lii> Life, \ty Rev. Dr. Joseph 3 [Tliis .-ililnwiate is print oil in 

M'Connick, prefixed to Carntairn'n Bower's History of the University of 

State Papers, etc. Edinb. 1774, 4to. Edinburgh, vol. ii. pp. 395-405.] 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 285 

Council, the Regents' salaries were stopped till they 
had extracted or taken out their acts of admission 
(which they had never done), and produced them to 
the Council. 

On the same day an act was passed, requiring the 
College, all Professors of Theology, Philosophy, Lan- 
guages, and Humanity, and other masters and mem- 
bers thereof whatsoever, to conform themselves to 
and obey the laws and regulations, according to the 
constitution and statutes thereof. 

In October 1703, Mr. Scott entered upon the 
charge of the new Bejan class, in number eighty, as 
matriculated, February 23, IT 04. Mr. Eobert Stewart, 
son of Sir Thomas Stewart of Coltness, who was, with 
the advice of the ministers, elected on the 22d of 
October 1703, in consequence of the resignation of 
Mr. Massie, took the charge of the Semis ; Mr. Law 
had that of the Bachelors ; and Mr. Erskine that of 
the Magistrands. 

On the 10th of November, Mr. John Goodall, Pro- 
fessor of Hebrew, had his salary augmented 200 marks. 

On the 24th of the same month, the Town-clerks 
were ordered by the Town-Council to keep a separate 
register for bursars, and particularly to record the 
Queen's bursars. 1 

The 116th class, under the charge of Mr. Charles ITM 

The one 

Erskine, being in the fourth year of their course, 
fourteen of them graduated privately, and twenty-five 
publicly, May 12, 1704. 

On the 17th of May this year, the Town-Council 

1 Town-Council Records. 



286 HISTORY OF THE 

having taken into consideration that the good order 
and discipline of the College were much decayed, and 
that the power and authority of the Kegents were not 
duly regarded by many of the scholars, whence disor- 
ders were committed which exceedingly reflected upon 
the government of the College the Council, therefore, 
appointed the Magistrates to meet with the Ministers 
and the Principal, who was now in the beginning of 
his office, to consult and advise about proper methods 
for restoring order and discipline. 

On the 16th of June, the Town-Council passed the 
following act anent the College records : 

" The Lord Provost reported that he was informed that the book 
containing the Laws made by the Town^Council of Edinburgh, for 
governing both masters and scholars in the College, wanted a date, 
and the act of Council prefixed to the said laws, in the records of 
the Town-Council, warranting the recording of the said laws in that 
book ; and that it had several leaves battered together, with many 
other notable blemishes, unworthy of a record of so ancient a 
College : Therefore called the Bibliothecar to produce the said book, 
that the Magistrates, Ministers, and Town-Council might be satisfied 
of the truth thereof ; and, accordingly, the said book was produced 
and inspected in presence of the Lord Provost, Magistrates, Ministers, 
Town-Council, and whole Masters of the College ; and to the 
Council and Ministers' great surprise, the following faults were 
found in the said book : 

" 1 . It is observed that the book begins with the laws of the College, 
yet without any date or act of Council of their patrons, authorizing 
the said laws, as is prefixed to the original copy in the town's records. 

" 2. In the 13th, 19th, and 25th pages, the leaves are battered 
together ; which renders the pretended record suspect, and of no 
authority. 

" 3. In the 1 8th page, it is observed that the word faculty is 
then first assumed, and without warrant, or any fonner practice, insert 
in October 1G86 : And although the College had been now 100 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 287 

years standing before the said time, no record bears the word 
'faculty :' And, in the said meeting in October 1686, there is no 
person named at the pretended faculty, but the Reverend Primar, 
Doctor Monro, and that only interlined. 

" 4. In the said 18th page, there is an interval from October 
1686 to January 1690 years, of any pretended faculty, and even at 
that time, the haill names of professors present are only interlined. 

"5. The said page, January 1691 years, the Reverend and 
worthy Doctor Rule is said to have a prelection as Primar, without 
mentioning any other present, and he is insert only R. Doctor Rule, 
and that also interlined. 

" 6. The word ' faculty' is again mentioned in p. 18, in the year 
1691, and several times thereafter, so that there has been about five 
years betwixt the first and second times mentioning the word ' faculty,' 
which they had presumptuously assumed to themselves. 

"7. In p. 19, the worthy and famous Mr. George Campbell is 
so little noticed at his first appearance in the said book, that he is 
only designed R. Mr. Campbell, Professor, giving no account how 
he came to that office. 

" 8. In p. 27, it is observed, from this pretended record, that 
there has been no meeting of the Professors from July 1697 to June 
1699 ; and from October 1699 there have been no sederunts until 
January 1703, at which time the Professors of Philosophy, Mathe- 
matics, and Humanity, also assumed to themselves the name of a 
Faculty of Philosophy, and by an act declared their undoubted right, 
and their constant uninterrupted custom of appointing Laureations ; 
which act was solemnly condemned as unwarrantable and unprece- 
dented, by a visitation of the College, as recorded the 15th day of 
February 1703 years. And there are a great many other gross in- 
formalities in the said book, unbecoming any society. 

" And it being overtured, that the Lord Provost might name a 
committee, to the effect the said book might be fairly transumed, 
and more regularly written, it was unanimously consented to by the 
Magistrates and Town-Council, and also the advice of the said reve- 
rend Ministers, that the Lord Provost, at the Council-table, should 
name a committee to the effect foresaid. To which the Reverend 
Principal, in name of Mr. William Law, Mr. William Scott, and Mr. 
Robert Stewart, Professors of Philosophy, and Mr. Laurence Dundas, 
Professor of Humanity, craved liberty to represent, that in respect 



HISTORY OF THE 

the said book had been long in their possession, as one of the Col- 
lege records, and for their exoneration, at the hands of the Commis- 
sion for Visitation of Schools and Colleges, to whom the said book 
was once produced : Therefore he himself in their name, and with 
all submission to the Magistrates and Town-Council, their honourable 
patrons, desired the clerk, for their vindication, might mark, it was 
not with their will the book was delivered up. To which it was 
replied, that the true reason why the overture was agreed to [was], 
that the faults and blemishes foresaid, with many others not named, 
might be duly regulated in manner as is above. And it was also 
craved, that the clerk might mark this answer, lest the said book 
hereafter might be either represented or pretended to have been a 
more formal record than truly it is now found to be." 

On the same day a memoir being presented to the 
Council, containing several complaints against the 
masters and students of the College, the same was 
read, and ordained to be recorded, and a copy to be 
delivered to the Principal, whereof the tenor follows : 

" 1. That neither the Professors of Philosophy nor 
the students keep the hours and diets appointed by 
the statutes, neither on the week nor Sabbath days, 
which is the occasion of great disorder. 

" 2. That the speaking of English, and not Latin, 
is become customary ; and cursing and swearing are 
too ordinary without any due punishment. 

" 3. That the fabric of the College is greatly dam- 
nified by students playing at rackets and hand-balls, 
and many other abuses committed at the public meet- 
ings and solemnities of the College. 

"4. The neighbourhood of the College is daily 
molested by the students, and the grammar-school 
exceedingly disturbed, so that it is given as one of the 
chief [reasons] of the great decay thereof. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 289 

" 5. That the best . chambers m the College, which 
were usually possessed by children of noblemen, and 
other persons of quality, and were mortified for stu- 
dents allenarly, and paid a considerable rent to the 
College, are now otherwise inhabited. 

" 6. That the College gates are so frequently kept 
open, in the very time and hours of meeting in the 
classes, and the duty and office of Hebdomadar is 
much neglected ; which is the cause of many disorders. 

" 7. That a great many books are lent out, and kept 
out of the Library, contrary to the laws thereof, which 
ought to be subscribed by all the Professors in the 
College. 

" 8. That the rules anent bursars be renewed, and 
that they be examined anent the discipline and order 
of the College, and what progress they make in the 
College." 

Thereafter there was presented to the Council a 
long report anent the Library ; which being read, the 
Council declared that they would, at their next sede- 
runt, in the ordinary Council-house, appoint a com- 
mittee to consider the complaints in the said memoir, 
together with the book containing the laws made by 
the Town-Council of Edinburgh for governing both 
masters and scholars belonging to the College, in 
order to prepare a report of the whole matter, to be 
laid before the Council. 

On the 21st of June, a committee of the Council, 
with Mr. Carstairs, Principal, and Mr. George Mel- 
drum, Professor of Divinity, was appointed to con- 



290 HISTORY OF THE 

sider the above complaints, together with, the report 
anent the Library, and the book containing the laws 
of the College, and to report. 

On the 28th of June, 2000 marks were allowed the 
Principal, so long as he has no charge in the city. 

On the 5th of September 1704, the Council con- 
tinued the laws of the College, as they were approved 
of by the Council in the year 1601, to be observed in 
the meantime, and ordained the Bibliothecar to record 
the laws in the large book appointed for that end. 
Having considered the additional laws given in by 
the Masters of the College, 1 the Council again approved 
thereof, and ordained the Bibliothecar to record the 
same among the laws of the College. They appointed 
the Masters to subscribe the laws of the Library, as 
they had been subscribed from the year 1636 to the 
year 1650, when the practice of subscription was inter- 
rupted till the year 1662. They ordered the College 
treasurer to pay Mr. Kobert Henderson, Bibliothecar, 
five pounds sterling, on his recording the laws ; and 
they delayed the consideration of the answers given 
in by the Professors of Philosophy to the grievances 
and complaints against the College. 

In October, Mr. Erskine began the Bejan class, and 
thirty -six matriculated in March 1705. Mr. Scott, 
with thirty supervenients, went forward with the 
Semi class ; Mr. Kobert Stewart with the Bachelors ; 
and Mr. William Law with the Magistrands. 

On the 29th of November, the Town -Council ap- 
pointed the book belonging to the College of Edin- 

1 [See these laws at p. 271-1 



1705. 
The one 






UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 291 

burgh, entitled, " Eegister of the University of Edin- 
burgh," to be put up in the charter-house, and 
ordained their clerk to write at the end of it, that 
the same was condemned, as informal, and many ways 
vitiated, in terms of the act of Council, June 16th, 
bypast. At the same meeting, the Bibliothecar was 
ordered to pursue all who had borrowed books out of 
the Library, and had not returned them ; and the 
Professors were certified that if they did not return 
what books they had borrowed, the Council would 
order their salaries to be stopped till they did so. 1 

The 117th class, under the charge of Mr. William 
Law, being in the fourth year of their course, ten of J 
them received the usual degree privately, and on the graduated 
9th of April thirty-five of them publicly ; on which 
occasion the printing of Theses, which seems to have 
been omitted for a considerable number of years, was 
revived. 2 A copy of what was printed on this occa- 
sion is preserved in the College collection, dedicated 
to Sir Patrick Johnston, Knight, Lord Provost, and 
to the rest of the Town-Council. By a list of students 
prefixed, it appears that the Magistrand class on this 
occasion consisted of 110. 

On the 29th of August, Eobert Elliot, surgeon, was 
allowed by the Town-Council fifteen pounds sterling 
yearly for teaching Anatomy. 

" EDINBURGH, 29th August 1705. 

" The which day, anent the petition given in by Robert Elliot, 
chirurgeon -apothecary, burgess of Edinburgh, showing that where it 
being the practice of the best regulated cities to give encouragement 

1 Town-Council Records. 

2 [The Theses, however, for the year 1704, were printed.] 



292 HISTORY OF THE 

to the professing and teaching of liberal arts and sciences for the 
education of youth, to the great benefit and advantage of the place ; 
and the petitioner, by an act of the incorporation of the chirurgeon- 
apothecaries of this city, [was] unanimously elected their public dis- 
sector of anatomy, the petitioner was of intention to make a public 
profession and teaching thereof for instructing of youth, to serve her 
Majesty's lieges both at home and abroad, in her armies and fleets, 
which he hoped, by the blessing of God, would be a means in saving 
much money to the nation, expended in teaching anatomy in foreign 
places, beside the preventing of many dangers and inconveniences to 
which youth were exposed in their travels to other countries : and 
the petitioner finding this undertaking will prove expensive, and 
cannot be done without suitable encouragement, has therefore laid 
the matter before the Council, who have been always ready to give 
encouragement to such undertakings ; and therefore craved the 
Council to consider the premises, and to remit to a committee of 
their number to hear and receive what proposals the petitioner had 
to make for setting up of the said profession, and to report, as the 
petition bears : Which being considered by the Council, they remitted 
the consideration of the same to a committee of their own number, 
who accordingly reported that they, having considered the above 
petition, were of opinion that the profession of anatomy was very 
necessary and useful to this nation, and might be very helpful to the 
youth that follow that art, and might prevent much needless expense 
spent by them abroad : And in regard the petitioner was, by the 
incorporation of the chirurgeons, unanimously chosen for that effect, 
therefore the committee were of opinion that the petitioner should 
have an yearly allowance of what sum the Council should think fit, 
towards the encouragement and defraying his charges and expenses 
thereanent, with this express provision and condition, that the peti- 
tioner take exact notice and inspection of the order and condition of 
the rarities of the College ; and that an exact inventory be made of 
the same, and given in to the Council ; and also to keep the said 
rarities in good order and condition, during the said allowance, as 
the report under the hands of the committee bears : Which being ,- 
considered by the Council, they, with the extraordinary deacons, 
approved thereof ; and for the petitioner's encouragement to go on 
in the said profession, they allow the petitioner fifteen pounds ster- 
ling of yearly salary . . . during the Council's pleasure." 1 . . . 

1 Town-Council Records. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 293 

In October, Mr. Law began the new Bejan class, 
and he matriculated sixty-six. Mr. Erskine proceeded 
in the Semi class, having eighteen supervenients ; Mr. 
Scott with the Bachelors ; and Mr. Kobert Stewart 
with the Magistrands. 

On the 14th of May this year, Mr. David Cockburn, 
A.M., received the degree of M.D., the first medical 
degree on record conferred by the College of Edin- 
burgh. The ceremony was performed by Principal 
Carstairs, attended by Mr. William Law, Mr. William 
Scott, Mr. Charles Erskine, and Mr. Robert Stewart, 
Professors of Philosophy, Mr. Laurence Dundas, Pro- 
fessor of Humanity, and Mr. John Goodall, Professor 
of Hebrew, the candidate having subscribed a very 
particular form of oath, adapted to the nature of the 
degree. It was an abridged form of Hippocrates's 
oath. 1 

The 118th class, under the charge of Mr. Eobert i 70 6. 
Stewart, being now in their fourth year, twenty of 
them were graduated privately, at different times, on 
and after the 28th of February 1706. 

On the llth of September, Mr. Alexander Rule, 
formerly Professor of Hebrew, son of the late Dr. 
Rule, Principal, obtained a pension of fifty marks 
quarterly, in consequence of his having resigned, and 
in consideration of his circumstances. 2 

In October 1706, Mr. Robert Stewart having en- 
tered on the charge of the new Bejan class, he matri- 
culated only eighteen on the 26th of February 1707. 

1 Vid. Hippocrat. Opera, edit. Lugcl. Bat. 1665. Gr. Lat. vol. i. p. 42. 

2 Town-Council Records. 



294 HISTORY OF THE 

Mr. Law went on with the Semi class, having forty- 
six supervenients ; Mr. Erskine had the Bachelors ; 
and Mr. Scott the Magistrands. 
1707. The 119th class, under the tuition of Mr. William 

The one 

JiSS2nth nd Scott, being now in the fourth year of their course, 
eight of them were graduated privately, at different 
times, and twenty publicly, on the 7th of April 1707. 
By a deed of Queen Anne, dated February 1 1, 170 7, 1 
a Professorship of Public Law, and of the Law of Nature 
and Nations, was instituted in favour of Mr. Charles 
Erskine, one of the Regents or Professors of Philo- 
sophy. The fund appointed for a salary to this new 
Professor was 150 per annum, obtained by sinking 
fifteen of King William's twenty Divinity Bursaries ; 
a scandalous job, which ought not to have been con- 
sented to by her Majesty's ministers, and which was 
resisted by the patrons and the Principal and Pro- 
fessors of the University. In the deed itself, the 
pretext for sinking the bursaries is stated to have 
been the ceasing of the original reason for founding 
them ; which is alleged to have been to encourage 
young men to enter upon the study of Theology, that 
the great number of vacancies in the churches at that 
time might be supplied with learned and able pastors ; 
an object which, it is pretended, had been obtained 
by the time of the institution of this Professorship ; 
and that therefore this last institution was likely to 
prove more beneficial to the public. The argument 
in both cases has been by the event proved equally 
fallacious, for the institution has hitherto been of 

1 Privy Seal English Records, in the Register Office, vol. vi. folio 180. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 295 

almost no advantage to the public ; and a most useful 
society, lately established for the benefits of the sons of 
the clergy, has proved how advantageous the bursaries 
still would have been if they had existed. 

On the 21st of May 1707, Bailie John Cleghorn 
produced to the Town-Council an extract from the 
treasurer's books of his protest taken at Holyrood 
house, on that day, in conjunction with Bailie William 
Baird, Treasurer, and Mr. George Meldrum, Professor 
of Divinity, for his interest, for themselves, and in 
name of the Magistrates, in presence of the Lord High 
Commissioner, James Duke of Queensberry, and Lords 
Commissioners of her Majesty's Treasury and Exche- 
quer : That the passing of a signature in favour of 
Mr. Charles Erskine, one of the Eegents of the Col- 
lege, as Professor of Law, for .150 sterling of yearly 
salary, as a part of the fund of 200 sterling, morti- 
fied by the late King William, out of the late Bishops' 
rents, for maintenance of twenty bursars in the said 
College, with all that has followed, or may follow there- 
upon, should not in the least prejudge a former gift 
granted by the late King William, perpetually mor- 
tifying the said sum of 200 sterling, for the mainten- 
ance of the said twenty bursars ; which protestation the 
Lord High Commissioner, and Lords of her Majesty's 
Treasury and Exchequer, admitted. Whereupon they 
took instruments in the hands of Sir James Mackenzie, 
Clerk of her Majesty's Treasury and Exchequer. 1 

Mr. Erskine was no doubt a man of ability ; but 
instead of doing the duty of his new office, and for 

1 Town-Council Records. 



296 HISTORY OF THE 

which he had resigned his Regency of Philosophy, he 
took this opportunity to make the tour of Europe ; and 
on his return, having devoted himself to the practice 
of the law, he rose to be her Majesty's Advocate, and 
afterwards Lord Justice-Clerk. He held the Professor- 
ship till he became Lord Advocate in the year 1734, 
and then resigned it. Soon after the erection of this 
office, Mr. Erskine had interest to obtain another 
grant from her Majesty Queen Anne, allocating the 
payment of the salary upon the rents of the See of 
Edinburgh, by which means it became payable in 
grain, and therefore often amounts to an annual sum 
far beyond that of the original intention of 150, and 
is by much the most lucrative salary in the University 
of Edinburgh. 

When Mr. Erskine, on the 17th of October 1707, 
resigned his Professorship of Philosophy, Mr. Colin 
Druinmond, son of the late Adam Drummond of Meg- 
ginsh, was elected in his place, but not by comparative 
trial, as we learn from the Town-Council Records. 

On the petition of Mr. Druimnond, that he might- 
be chosen to succeed to this charge, the Town-Council 
recommended to the Principal and Masters, with some 
of the ministers, to take trial of his qualifications, and to 
report. And, on the 24th of October, the Town-Coun- 
cil, considering their undoubted power, with the advice 
of the ministers of the city, to appoint Professors and 
Masters, to input and output the same within the 
College of Edinburgh, did, upon report of the quali- 
fications of the above Colin Drummond, appoint him 
Regent in place of Mr. Erskine, with all emoluments, 



UNFVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 297 

fees, and profits. He compeared and accepted, made 
oath de fideli administrations ; promised to observe 
and obey all the laws and constitutions of the College 
already made, or to be made, and to submit to the 
Magistrates and Council ; and took the oath of alle- 
giance, and subscribed it, with the assurance, to her 
Majesty Queen Anne. 1 

In October, at the meeting of the College, Mr. Scott 
entered upon the charge of the new Bejan class, of 
which the number at matriculation amounted to fifty. 
Mr. Stewart with seventeen supervenients proceeded 
in the Semi class ; Mr. Law in the Bachelor ; and 
Mr. Colin Drummond, who had succeeded Mr. Erskine, 
took the charge of the Magistrand class. 

On the 7th of November 1707, Mr. Charles Erskine 
" appeared in Council, and produced a gift under the 
Privy-seal making and constituting him her Majesty's 
Professor of Public Law, Law of Nature and Nations, 
in the College of Edinburgh, and therefore craved the 
Council would call the Principal and Masters of the 
College and install him in the said office, and ad- 
minister to him the oath of allegiance, to be subscribed 
by him with the assurance, and also the oath de 
fideli, and to use the haill other order for qualifying 
him according to law." 

The Lord Provost, in name of the Council, refused, 
as they had already protested in Exchequer against the 
passing of the said gift, because it contained a dispo- 
sition to the sum of 150 sterling, payable yearly to 
him out of the sum of 200 sterling, mortified by the 

1 Town-Council Records. 



298 HISTORY OF THE 

late King William's letters to the College of Edinburgh 
for the maintenance of twenty bursars of theology. 

Mr. Erskine " protested, that he might possess and 
enjoy the said profession and yearly salary with all 
other profits, emoluments, and dignity competent 
thereto, sicklike as if he had been actually qualified 
thereto, and admitted in manner forsaid, and for 
all cost, skaith, damage, and expenses he may happen 
to sustain by and through the Magistrates and Town- 
Council their refusing to qualify and admit him, as 
said is ; and thereupon asked and took instruments in 
the hands of the Town-Clerk ; and further protested 
that this his protest be recorded in the Town-Council's 
books, for the better verification of the premisses." 1 
no8. The 120th class, under the tuition of Mr. Colin 
Drummond, being in the fourth year of their course, 
seventeen of them were graduated at different times. 

In June this year, at the rising of the College, the 
Senatus Academicus stood as follows : 

Mr. William Carstairs, Principal. 

Mr. George Meldrum, Professor of Divinity. 

Mr. John Gumming, Regius Professor of Divinity ami 

Ecclesiastical History. 
Mr. William Law, \ 

Mr. William Scott, I Regents or Professors of 

Mr. Robert Stewart, f Philosophy. 

Mr. Colin Drummond, 

Mr. Laurence Dundas, Professor of Humanity. 
Mr. James Gregory, Professor of Mathematics. 
Mr. John Goodall, Professor of Oriental Languages. 
Mr. Charles Erskine, Regius Professor of Public Law, and 

Law of Nature and Nations. 

1 Town-Council ReconU 



The one 
hundred and 
twentieth 
class gra- 
duated. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 299 

This was the year in which the new regulations for 
the teaching of Greek and Philosophy took place ; 
which were ratified by an act of the Town-Council, 
patrons of the University, of date the 16th of June 
1708. It was enacted for the future, 

" 1. That all the parts of Philosophy should be 
taught in two years, as they are in the most famous 
Universities abroad. 

" 2. That, as a consequence of this article, there be 
but two Philosophy classes in the College, to be taught 
by two of the four present Professors of Philosophy. 

" 3. That in the first of these classes the students 
be taught Logic and Metaphysics ; and in the last a 
compend of Ethics and Natural Philosophy. 

" 4. Because there are many useful things belonging 
to the Pneumatics and Moral Philosophy which the 
two Professors, in the present method of teaching 
classes, cannot overtake, therefore it is proposed that 
one of the two remaining Professors shall be appointed 
to teach these two parts of Philosophy more fully, at 
such times as the students are not obliged to be in 
their classes. And because he has not the charge of 
a class, he may have public lessons of Philosophy in 
the common hall, where all the students may be pre- 
sent at such times as shall be most convenient. 

" 5. That there shall be a fixed Professor of Greek, 
but so that neither he nor his successors shall, upon 
any pretence whatsoever, endeavour to hinder the ad- 
mission of students into the Philosophy classes in the 
usual manner, although they have not been taught 
Greek by him. 

" 6. And in regard the present Professors have 



300 HISTORY OF THE 

given a proof of their qualifications in all the parts 
both of Philosophy and Greek, therefore when any of 
these four Professors' places becomes vacant, the re- 
maining Professors of these now in places, allenarly, 
shall have the offer of the vacancy according to their 
standing ; and when one chooses it the rest shall, in 
the like manner, be allowed to succeed him." 1 

In consequence of these regulations the four Ke- 
gents, without waiting for a vacancy, were prevailed 
with to make the following arrangement : Mr. William 
Law, at that time oldest Professor in the University, 
and who was esteemed peculiarly qualified to teach 
Moral Philosophy, agreed to restrict and limit himself 
to that department ; Mr. William Scott confined him- 
self to the Greek ; Mr. Robert Stewart to the Natural 
Philosophy ; and Mr. Colin Drummond to the Logic. 

But as it was understood that the Professor of 
Moral Philosophy was to give only public lectures, 
and consequently to receive no honoraries from his 
students, the patrons thought proper that he should 
have 50 of additional salary. This was therefore 
expressed in his new commission. But as, according 
to the old plan of teaching, Mr. Law at this time had 
the charge of a class who had just completed the third 
year of their course, he was authorized, likewise, in his 
new commission, to continue his charge through the 
fourth or Magistrand year, previous to the commence- 
ment of the new mode of teaching ; and 500 marks 
additional were ordered to be paid him yearly from 
October 1709, till the sum of 50 should be provided. 

A new commission was likewise granted to JMr. 

1 Register of the University of Edinburgh, p. 60 ; Town-Council Records. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 301 

William Scott to be Professor of Greek, in terms of 
the above regulations ; his teaching of that language 
to commence in October 1709. 

On the 24th of June, at a meeting of the Town-Coun- 
cil in the College high common-hall, present also the 
Professors Law, Scott, Stewart, Drummond, Dundas, 
and Goodall ; Bailie Archibald Cockburn and the 
College Committee were appointed to inquire what 
books were lent out of the Library or were wanting, 
and to report to the Council betwixt that date and 
the 10th of July next. Meanwhile the Bibliothecar 
was appointed to furnish the committee with the re- 
ceipts of the books lent, and to mark what books 
might probably be recovered, and what not. The 
Council for the future prohibited the Library-Keeper 
to lend books to any but the Professors, and such 
students as produced an order for the particular books 
they were to borrow under their own Professor's hands, 
to be returned within three months. The Professors 
were recommended not to borrow any books out of 
the Library, but for their own use. 

The Library-Keeper was also ordained from time 
to time to give notice to the College treasurer against 
the masters who were transgressors hereof, that the 
payment of their salaries might be stopped accordingly. 
An exact alphabetical catalogue was wanted, which 
the Library-Keeper was ordered to prepare some years 
ago. The Council now peremptorily enjoined him to 
prepare the same betwixt that date and the 1st of 
January 1710, under pain of deprivation. No manu- 
script, under any pretence whatsoever, was to be lent. 



302 HISTORY OF THE 

The Council also enacted that no bursar should be 
admitted till first tried by the Professors. Humanity 
bursars were to be tried by the Professor of Greek, 
and bursars of Greek were to be tried by the Professor 
of Humanity. And as now, according to the new 
method of teaching, there were only two Philosophy 
classes, the bursars were to be obliged, with respect 
to the two first years, to spend one in the Hiimanity 
class, and the other in the Greek, and none was to 
have a bursary who had not stayed a year in each of 
these classes, and none was to enjoy his bursar} 7 longer 
than he was a student in one of the classes of the 
College : And in regard Hector Foord's mortification 
required of the bursars on it five years' attendance, 
and that they should enter the Humanity class, they 
were to be obliged to study two years in one of the 
two lower classes. The Council further ordained that 
all bursars, after they had begun their Philosophy 
studies, should attend the Professor of Hebrew's 
lessons ; also bursars of Divinity ; and that none 
should be admitted bursars of Divinity until they 
procured the Professor of Hebrew's certificate that 
they attended his lessons. 1 

On the 30th of July, the Council considering that, 
agreeably to an act dated September 11, 1706, the 
sum of fifty marks Scots quarterly, allowed to Mr. 
Alexander Kule, late Professor of Hebrew, was pay 
able for his use to Bailie Archibald Kule, who is now 
in a dying condition, appointed this sum, in time 
coming, during the Council's pleasure, to be paid 1<> 

i Town-Council Records. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 303 

David Kennedy, writer in Edinburgh, for the said 
Mr. Alexander's use. 1 

In October 1708, the College having met, Mr. 
Drummond had the charge of the new Bejan class for 
this course on the old plan ; Mr. William Scott the 
Semi class ; Mr. Eobert Stewart the Bachelor ; and 
Mr. Law the Magistrand. 

About this time the salaries of many of the Pro- 
fessors being still extremely small, amounting to no 
more than 400 marks each, i.e., 22, 4s. 5jd., yearly, 
paid by the town to four of the number, and 50 to 
the Professor of Moral Philosophy, who had no other 
emolument ; Principal Carstairs, from a disinterested 
regard to the society of which he was the head, used 
his interest with Queen Anne, and obtained from her 
Majesty a donation of 250 sterling yearly, to make 
additional salaries to those Professors who were worst 
provided ; and the distribution of this fund being 
committed to himself, he divided it into seven equal 
parts, to make an addition of 30 annually. These 
were the Professors of Humanity, Greek, Logic, 
Natural Philosophy, and Moral Philosophy, Mathe- 
matics, and Hebrew ; Mr. Gregory having had from 
his first admission till that time 50 of salary from 
the town, and the Professor of Hebrew the same sum. 
This fund, which is commonly called Queen Anne's 
Bounty, was, during the remainder of her reign, paid 
out of the Post Office, but has been ever since put 
upon the Civil List. 2 

1 Town-Council Records. 2 Mr. Mackie's Account. 



CHAPTER VI. 

FROM THE NEW ARRANGEMENT RESPECTING THE REGENTS 

OF PHILOSOPHY TO THE INSTITUTION OF THE 

MEDICAL FACULTY IN 1723. 

1709. ON the 10th of June, the Town-Council subscribed, 
in name of the town, the sum of fifty pounds sterling 
for procuring instruments and machines necessary for 
confirming and illustrating by experiments the truths 
advanced in the Mathematics and Natural Philosophy 
within the University, as proposed by the Principal 
and Professors. 1 

On the 17th of August, Mr. William Hamilton, 
minister of Cramond, was elected Professor of Divi- 
nity, in place of Mr. George Meldrum. As it was 
ordained by the Town-Council that he should have no 
ministerial charge, " the said office, when in conjunc- 
tion with the ministerial charge, being too great a 
burden for one person," the Council, for his greater 
encouragement, fixed upon him 2000 marks Scots of 
yearly salary, being 400 marks more than former Pro- 
fessors enjoyed, with the house in the College formerly 
possessed by Mr. Meldrum. 2 

1^ one The 121st class having, now in their fourth year, 

twJntyiSt 1 under the charge of Mr. Law, forty-three, including 

Cla * 

four Englishmen, received the degree of A.M. at dif- 

1 Town Council Records. 8 Ibid. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 305 

ferent times ; of whom Mr. Edmund Calamy, minister 
of the gospel at London, after subscribing the West- 
minster Confession of Faith, received also the degree 
of D.D. Six more were made Masters of Arts on 
the 20th of October this year. The taking the 
degree of A.M. for the future became much more 
irregular. 

On the 28th of October, Mr. William Hamilton, 
who had been chosen Professor of Divinity, without 
any other charge, accepted of the said office in pre- 
sence of the Town-Council, took the oath de fideli ad- 
ministratione, the oath of allegiance to her Majesty 
Queen Anne, and subscribed the same with the assur- 
ance, promising at the same time to subject himself in 
all things to the regulation of the patrons of the Col- 
lege. The Principal reported that the said Professor 
had likewise qualified himself by subscribing the Con- 
fession of Faith before the Presbytery of Edinburgh. 1 

On the same day, after reading the laws and con- 
stitutions of the College, the Lord Provost, Rector of 
the said College, interrogated the Principal if they 
were observed. The Principal answered, that they 
were observed in so far as it was thought proper for 
the greater convenience and better improvement of 
learning. 2 

The Librarian was asked about the Alphabetical 
Catalogue. He said that he had made considerable 
progress in it, and would complete it with all possible 
diligence. The Provost again recommended to him 
that it might be finished against the time prescribed 

1 Town-Council Records. 2 Ibid. 






306 HISTORY OF THE 

in the act of the 24th of June 1708, and that under 
the penalties contained therein. 1 

nog-mo. In October 170 9, the College having met, the teach 
ing was conducted upon the new plan, and the classes 
matriculated in the following order : 

1. The Humanity class was matriculated for the 
first time, under Professor Laurence Dundas, in num- 
ber seventy, March 1, 1710. 

2. The Bejan or Greek class, under Professor Wil- 
liam Scott, in number fifty-four, March 1, 1710. 

3. The Semi or Logic class, under Professor Colin 
Drummond, in number forty-one. 

4. The Magistrand or Natural Philosophy class, 
under Professor Eobert Stewart, in number forty-six. 

The Moral Philosophy class was not matriculated, 
being a gratis class. 
The one This year, thirty-two students took the degree of 

hundmland % 

sle e o n nd ciass A.M. privately, and at different times. 

In the year 1710, the Senatus Academicus stood as 
follows : 

Mr. William Carstairs, Principal. 

Mr. William Hamilton, Professor of Divinity. 

Mr. John Gumming, Regius Professor of Divinity and Ecclesias- 
tical History. 

Mr. Laurence Dundas, Professor of Humanity. 

Mr. William Scott, Professor of Greek. 

Mr. Colin Drummond, Professor of Logic. 

Mr. Robert Stewart, Professor of Natural Philosophy. 

Mr. William Law, Professor of Moral Philosophy. 

Mr. James Gregory, Professor of Mathematics. 

Mr. John Goodall, Professor of Oriental Languages. 

Mr. Charles Erekine, Regius Professor of Public Law and the 
Law of Nature and Nations. 

1 Town-Council Records. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 307 

In October the College, as usual, assembled, and at mo-mi. 
the matriculation of the classes the number were as 
follows : 

1. The Humanity class, Mr. Laurence Dundas, Pro- 
fessor, in number sixty-five, February 20, 17 11. 

2. The Greek class, Mr. William Scott, Professor, 
in number fifty- two, February 21, 1711. 

3. The Logic class, Mr. Colin Drummond, Professor, 
in number fifty-six, February 21, 1711. 

4. The Natural Philosophy class, Mr. Robert Stewart, 
Professor, in number fifty. 

The students in each of these classes are to be con 
sidered as different, and therefore the number of stu- 
dents of Humanity, Greek, and Philosophy, was in all 
223 this year. 

The hours of assembling these classes, if we may 
judge from what was the custom long after, were eight 
in the morning and eleven in the forenoon, and three 
times in the week, one o'clock afternoon. The Pro- 
fessors of Humanity and Greek had each of them a 
separate hour for his private class, for carrying on 
such students as chose to attend them in the know- 
ledge of Latin and Greek. The hour for the former is 
supposed to have been nine in the morning, and that 
for the latter ten. The Professors of Mathematics, 
and of Moral Philosophy, gave their instructions to 
whatever students from the other classes chose to 
attend them ; the former receiving fees, the latter 
none. But as some students might probably attend 
the Mathematics, who were at no other class in the 
College, and about forty might attend the stated classes 



308 HISTORY OF THE 

who did not matriculate, the number of students, ex- 
clusive of students of Divinity (of whose number there 
is, at this time, no record), attending the College this 
year might be about 270 or 280; a number by no 
means equal to what had been known on many former 
years. Indeed, about the time of the Union of the 
Kingdoms, and for many years after, the College does 
not seem to have been in so flourishing a condition as 
it was in formerly, and now is ; the reason of which 
was the removal of the Scottish Parliament, and of the 
immediate patronage of the people in power, etc. 

On the 18th of October 1710, the Town-Council, 
patrons of the University, having taken into consider- 
ation the great utility of a public teacher of the Civil 
Law in their College, and that, for want of such, young 
gentlemen disposed to that study were obliged to go 
abroad to foreign Universities, therefore they resolved 
to elect Mr. James Craig, Advocate, of whose qualifi- 
cations for the office they were fully assured, Professor 
of the Civil Law in the College of Edinburgh, but 
without a salary in the meantime, till a fund should 
in some way be provided for that purpose ; and Mr. 
Craig accepted of the office on this condition. 

On the 28th of December, same year, the Rev. Mr. 
Jonathan Harley received the degree of M.D., having 
been examined and recommended as duly qualified by 
Dr. Matthew St. Clair, President, Dr. David Mitchell, 
Dr. David Dickson, and Dr. James Forrest, Fellows of 
the Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh. He was 
the second doctor of physic created by the University 
of Edinburgh. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 309 

In 1711, the degree A.M. was conferred on three 
privately, and on eleven publicly. On the 6th ofSSSS? 
April, Benjamin Avery, A.M., an Englishman, had the 
degree of LL.D. publicly conferred on him. 

On the 2d of January 1712, Mr. George Preston, 1711-1712. 
apothecary and burgess of Edinburgh, was elected 
Professor of Botany in the College, and Master of the 
Physic Garden of the city, in place of the deceased 
Charles Preston, Doctor of Medicine ; the Council 
"allowing him the sum of ten pounds sterling of 
yearly salary, for his encouragement, to carry on the 
said profession of Botany, and cultivate the said 
garden ; and to keep correspondents for procuring 
plants and seeds from foreign countries ; and with the 
burden always of the payment of forty pounds Scots 
to the treasurer of the Trinity Hospital for the said 
garden, as formerly." 1 

On the 10th of September, the Town-Council ordered 
the College treasurer to pay to George Preston an 
additional salary of ten pounds sterling, on condition 
that he should build a green-house in the Physic 
Garden. 

"EDINBURGH, September 10, 1712. 

" The which day the Council, with the extraordinary deacons, 
upon a petition given in by George Preston, Botanist and Intendant 
of the Physic Garden, showing that he had been at considerable 
charges in putting the garden in good order, and in laying two new 
syvers for draining of the ground that was much ruined with under- 
water, and in laying of new ground above these syvers and other parts 
of the garden, for the better improving of the plants, besides con - 
siderable charges in adding of new plants that were wanting, and 
that he would be at yet more considerable charges in bringing of 
1 Town-Council Records. 



310 HISTORY OF THE 

new plants out of foreign countries, and was of intention to build a 
green-house, which was most necessary for preserving of foreign and 
tender plants and trees, and that his present salary was so very 
mean that he could not proceed in so great an undertaking unless he 
were enabled thereto by some allowance from the honourable Magis- 
trates and Council, patrons of the said garden ; which being con- 
sidered by the Council, they remitted the consideration thereof to a 
committee of their number, who reported that they, having considered 
the said petition, were of opinion that the Council, for encourage- 
ment of so good and useful an undertaking, should add to the 
petitioner's former salary ten pounds sterling yearly, to be paid by 
the College treasurer, upon this general condition, that he should 
build the green-house above mentioned, and likewise keep the College 
garden in good order, and to that effect, to recommend to the College 
treasurer to deliver to the petitioner the keys of the said garden, and 
put him in possession, as the report under the hands of the com- 
mittee more fully bears : Which being considered by the Council, 
they, with the extraordinary deacons, approved of the said report, 
and allowed to the petitioner ten pounds sterling of additional salary 
by and attour the present salary in use to be paid to him, and ap- 
pointed the present College treasurer, and his successors in office, to 
pay the same to him termly, commencing the said additional salary 
from Lammas last, beginning the first term's payment at Candlemas 
next, and thenceforth termly in time coming, during the Council's 
pleasure ; whereanent thir presents shall be a warrant." l 

In October the College again convened, and 

1. Professor Laurence Dundas matriculated in the 
Humanity class, February 25, 1712, sixty students. 

2. Professor William Scott in the Greek class, Feb- 
ruary 27, seventy students. 

3. Professor Colin Drummond in the Logic class, 
February 29, forty-five students. 

4. Professor Robert Stewart in the Natural Philo- 
sophy class, February 23 and 29, fifty students. 

1 Town Council Records. 



ated. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 311 

At different times fifteen students received the de- , 

hundred and 

gree of A.M. privately, two of whom in their absence. Sfciass 
In October the College again met, and 1112-13. 

1. Mr. Laurence Dundas, on the 18th of February 
1713, matriculated fifty -seven students of Humanity. 

2. Mr. William Scott, February the 20th, thirty-two 
students of Greek. 

3. Mr. Colin Drummond, February the 23d, forty- 
six students of Logic. 

4. Mr. Robert Stewart, February the 23d, forty-four 
students of Philosophy. 

On the 24th of February, 1713, four received the The one 

J ' hundred and 

degree of A.M. privately; and on the 9th of April, 
ten publicly in the common hall, after the Principal 
had delivered a discourse, " De Sacrso Scripturse 
necessitate, interpretatione et utilitate." On the 16th 
of June, four more were graduated publicly, one of 
them having defended a theses. Edward Leeds was 
first created A.M. then LL.D. on the 30th of July 
publicly. 

On the 1st of April, same year, Mr. Goodall, Pro- 
fessor of Hebrew, was allowed by the Council the use 
of the four rooms in the College lying on the north- 
west corner, near the top of the Horse Wynd, for the 
space of four years after Whitsunday next, upon his 
obliging himself to repair the said four rooms at his 
own charges, and to leave them in a good condition at 
the expiration of the said years. On the 8th of the 
same month, the place of Andrew M'Lellan, Janitor, 
was declared vacant by the Council, and James Seton 
was chosen in his place, burdened, as Mr? M'Lellan 



312 HISTORY OF THE 

had been, with 300 pounds Scots, to Elizabeth Black- 
adder. 1 

On the 1st of July, the Council passed an act 
taking off from Mr. William Hamilton, Professor of 
Divinity, the restraint of their act, August 17, 1709, 
and allowing him to be chosen a minister of Edinburgh, 
and his salary in that case to be 1600 marks yearly 
instead of 2000. 2 

Charles Melvill, being in England, obtained the 
degree of M.D., on the 26th of August, in conse- 
quence of an ample recommendation. 

On the 9th of December 1713, the Town- Council 
wishing to introduce the study of Physic as a branch of 
education into their College, which they were entitled 
to do from the original charter granted to them by 
King James the Sixth, elected James Crawford, M.D., 
to be Professor of Chemistry and Medicine, but with- 
out a salary ; and they allotted him two apartments 
within the College for teaching these sciences, 
ms 14. On the meeting of the College in October 

1. Mr Laurence Dundas matriculated fifty-five 
students of Humanity, February 26, 1714. 

2. Mr. William Scott, forty-six students of Greek, 
March 1. 

3. Mr. Colin Drummond, thirty-nine students <>!' 
Logic, March 3. 

4. Mr. Robert Stewart, forty -three students of Na- 
tural Philosophy. 

The one This session fifteen students received the degree of 

li n M. I ifl aii' I . | . 1 -i. 11*1 

*ixth A.M. privately, and nine publicly. 

1 Town-Council Records. c Ibid. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 3 1 3 

On the 5th of May, George Warrender of Lochend, 
Lord Provost of Edinburgh, presented to the Town- 
Council a letter from Kobert Brown in Zamose, in 
Poland, addressed to the Provost and Council, dated 
July 14, 1713, mortifying 500 sterling for two 
Protestant students at the College of Edinburgh, the 
one to be a Scottish student, and the other a Polish, 
who were to receive the ordinary interest allowed by 
law yearly for their maintenance and education at the 
said College. Lord Arnistoun, and Mr. Michael Allan, 
merchant in Edinburgh, were to be conjunct with the 
Town-Council in the direction thereof. In case the 
interest yielded six per cent, there would be 30 per 
annum. Two fifth parts were to be allowed to the 
one student to be born in Scotland, and of the surname 
of Brown, but if none of that name appeared, to any 
other whom the Council, Lord Arnistoun, and Mr. 
Allan should think fit. The other student, who was 
to be born a Pole, was to have three-fifths of the said 
stock ; and in order to enjoy it, he behoved to be 
provided with a sufficient testimony and recom- 
mendation from the Synod of the Protestant Polish 
ministers in Poland, " and then by the consent and 
recommendation of the elders of my countrymen, 
Protestant burgesses of this city [Zamose], to your 
worthy selves or your successors." The student was 
to enjoy the bursary until he had finished his 
studies at the College, as is usual in such cases. 
The principal sum was paid by Mr. Allan to the 
College Treasurer. 1 

i Town-Council Records. 



314 HISTORY OF THE 

On the 1st of August 1714, Queen A nnp. expired, 
and George the First succeeded 

In that year, Mr. John Gumming, Regius Professor 
of Divinity and Ecclesiastical History, dying, was suc- 
ceeded by Mr. William Dunlop, a celebrated preacher 
in 1715. 
17H-1715. On the meeting of the College in October 1714 

1. Mr. Laurence Dundas matriculated sixty-six 
students of Humanity, February 28. 

2. Mr. William Scott, fifty-eight students of Greek, 
March 2. 

3. Mr. Colin Drummond, thirty-four students of 
Logic, March 2. 

4. Mr. Robert Stewart, only ten students of Philo- 
sophy. 

The one This session fifteen students received the degree of 

hundred and 

A.M., all privately. 



ated 8 * On the 4th of March 1715, the Town-Council, hav- 

1715-1716. 

ing met with the Principal and Professors of the Col- 
lege in the Council-Chamber, elected Mr. William 
Hamilton, Professor of Divinity, member of next 
General Assembly. On the same day, it was agreed 
that Mr. William Dunlop should be received into the 
College as second Professor of Divinity, on his Majesty 
King George the First's presentation. 1 

The Rebellion prevailed in Scotland at this time, par 
ticularly in Lothian in the month of October, which, 
no doubt, was unfavourable to the assembling of the 
College. 

November 13, the rebels surrendered at Preston. 

1 Town-Council Records. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 315 

On the same day the battle of Dunblane was fought. 
Not long after, the Pretender landed in Scotland, but 
was soon obliged to re-embark and make his escape, 
and the rebellion was soon quelled. 

On the meeting of the College in October 1715 

1. Mr. Laurence Dundas matriculated fifty-two 
students of Humanity, February 28. 

2. Mr. William Scott, forty-five students of Greek, 
March 2. 

3. Mr. Colin Drummond, thirty -eight students of 
Logic, March 2. 

4. Mr. Eobert Stewart did not matriculate. 

This session eight students received the degree of The one 

hundred and 

A.M, all privately. 



Mr. William Carstairs, Principal, having died on the ^ 
28th of December 1715, the patrons, on the 1st of 
June 1716, elected the Reverend Mr. William Wishart 
in his stead, and a copy of the instructions, usually 
given to the Principal, was ordered to be ready to be 
delivered to him at his inauguration. 

The Senatus Academicus now stood as follows : 

The Rev. Mr. William Wishart, Principal. 

Mr. William Hamilton, Professor of Divinity. 

Mr. William Dunlop, Regius Professor of Divinity and 

Ecclesiastical History. 

Mr. Laurence Dundas, Professor of Humanity. 
Mr. William Scott, Professor of Greek. 
Mr. Colin Drummond, Professor of Logic. 
Mr. Robert Stewart, Professor of Natural Philosophy. 
Mr. William Law, Professor of Moral Philosophy. 
Mr. James Gregory, Professor of Mathematics. 
Mr. John Goodall, Professor of Oriental Languages. 



316 HISTORY OF THE 

Mr. Charles Erskine, Regius Professor of Public Law and 

Law of Nature and Nations. 
Mr. James Craig, Professor of Civil Law. 
Dr. James Crawford, Professor of Chemistry and Medicine. 

On the 24th of August 1*716, bond was granted by 
the Town-Council to James Laing, merchant, College 
treasurer, for 20,600 pounds Scots, expressing, that 
considering that they had authorized the said James 
Laing to uplift 20,600 pounds of the stock due to the 
College by the Town, from Sir William Johnston and 
others, undertakers to pay the good Town's debts, and 
to lend the same to the good Town, for paying part of 
a debt contracted by the said good Town for the extra- 
ordinary expenses the Town had been put to in forti- 
fying the City during the late rebellion, and for the 
levies of men raised for defence thereof ; which sum 
was contained in the following College bonds granted 
by the good Town : 

1. A bond (of date June 4, 1675) for 2000 pounds 
Scots, mortified by William Tweedie, late Kegent ; of 
which the annual rent was payable to the Professor of 
Humanity, over and above his salary. 

2. A bond for 1800 pounds Scots, being Dr. Robert 
Leighton's mortification (of date September 30, 1685), 
for a bursar of Divinity. 

3. A bond for 1200 pounds Scots, mortified by 
John Penman, Bailie, for a bursifc 

4. A bond for 4000 pounds Scots, mortifil 1>\ 
James Nairn for two Divinity bursars. 

5. A bond for 6000 pounds Scots, granted to Sir 
Donald Bain of Tnlloch, in prosecution of a mortification 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 317 

for John Bain of Pitcarlie, for three bursars of Divinity, 
to be presented by the said Sir Donald Bain, and his 
heirs succeeding him in the estate of Tulloch. 

6. A bond for 1000 pounds Scots, mortified by Sir 
Patrick Hepburn of Blackcastle, for a Philosophy 
bursar, to be presented by Sir Colin Campbell of 
Arbuchell, and Sir Patrick Aikenhead, and their heirs, 
per vices. 

7. A bond for 1533 pounds, 6 shillings, and 8 pence, 
Scots, mortified by James Pringle of Torwoodlee, for 
a Divinity bursar, or Philosophy, to be presented by 
him and his heirs. 

8. A bond of 3066 pounds Scots, granted to the 
Presbytery of Dunbar, for two bursars, which was 
left by Thomas Bryson, sometime bailie in Dunbar, 
to be presented by the said Presbytery. 1 

The College having met as usual in October 17161717 

1. Mr. Laurence Dundas, in February 1717, ma- 
triculated seventy-five students of Humanity. 

2. Mr. William Scott, March 1, fifty-three students 
of Greek. 

3. Mr. Colin Drummond, in March and April, sixty- 
nine students of Logic. 

4. Mr. Robert Stewart matriculated no students of 
Natural Philosophy. 

This session only five students received the degree The one 

hundred and 

of A.M. Oliver Horsman, from England, received the 
degree of LL.D., and James Dalgleish and John Quincy a 
that of M.D. John Quincy was recommended by the 
celebrated Dr. Mead, and also Dr. Brown of London. 

1 Town-Council Records. 



318 HISTORY OF THE 

]7i7-ni8. In October, the classes having met, there was matri- 
culated 

1. By Mr. Laurence Dundas, on the 26th of Feb- 
ruary, seventy-seven students of Humanity. 

2. By Mr. William Scott, February 28, fifty-four 
students of Greek. 

3. By Mr. Colin Drummond, February, seventy-one 
students of Logic. 

4. By Mr. Kobert Stewart no matriculation. 

The one This session, eighteen students received the degree 

hundred and 

cil e adu- f A - M -> an( l a11 privately. 

at i e 7i8-i7i9 On the 21st of May 1718, the treasurer reported to 
the Town-Council that the accountant had revised the 
acts of Council concerning the College funds, in order 
to make up a just rental. It was found that the par- 
ticular mortifications in the act of Council, dated 
January 23, 1656, extended to 73,400 pounds Scots, 
but the act itself only mentioned 71,000 pounds Scots, 
of which last sum only, the town had paid interest to 
the College ; and seeing several of the sums mentioned 
in the said act were mortified for the College in 
general, and that the College funds applicable towards 
the maintenance of the fabric were insufficient : There- 
fore the sum of 200 sterling, in which the particulars 
of the said act of Council exceed the sum therein 
mentioned, together with the interest thereof being 
accumulated into the principal sum of 10,986 pounds 

Scots, >lioiiM If ;nMr<l to lllr Collr^v I'lliuls, ami ,'l 

bond granted therefor to the College treasurer, and 
the interest thereof appropriated, in all time coming, 
towards the maintenance of the fabric : Which IM-MIL: 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 319 

considered by the Council, they approved of the said 
report, and ordained bond to be granted to James 
Lang, merchant, present College treasurer, for the 
said sum of 10,986 pounds, the interest whereof to be 
applied towards the maintenance of the fabric of the 
said College. 

In October, the classes having met, there were matri- 
culated 

1. By Mr. Laurence Dundas, 25th February, fifty- 
three students of Humanity. 

2. By Mr. William Scott, February 26, sixty stu- 
dents of Greek. 

3. By Mr. Colin Drummond, February 27, forty- 
eight students of Logic. 

4. By Mr. Eobert Stewart, February 25, thirty-one 
students of Natural Philosophy. 

This session, eighteen students received the degree The one 
of A.M., and four the degree of M.D. 



Class gradu- 

It had been the custom since the Revolution, in ated - 
electing a member to represent the University in the 
General Assembly, for the Principal and Professors to 
meet with the Town-Council, and to make the election 
together. But in the year 1719, the Principal and 
Professors, having reason to suspect that the Council 
did not mean to summon them to attend for that 
purpose, met by themselves and elected Mr. William 
Hamilton, Professor of Divinity. At last, however, 
they were summoned to attend the Council ; but next 
day they were informed that the meeting was adjourned 
to that day se'nnight. At the time appointed for the 
adjourned meeting, the Principal, with almost all the 



320 HISTORY OF THE 

Professors, went to a tavern near the Council-chamber ; 
but after waiting there more than an hour, they were 
acquainted by two of the Magistrates that the Council 
was to make no election. Wishing still to promote 
peace and good agreement, the College sent two of 
their number to the Lord Provost, the day before the 
sitting of the Assembly, to entreat him to call a meet- 
ing of Council, assuring him that they were willing to 
withdraw their own commission and unite with their 
patrons in a new election, hoping that the General 
Assembly would overlook the informality as to the 
time of election ; but all this was to no purpose. The 
Professors therefore gave in a commission, signed by 
themselves, to the clerk of the Assembly. But on the 
meeting of the Assembly, the Lord Provost protested 
against this commission as invalid, because the election 
had not been made with the assistance of the Town- 
Council, as had been formerly the custom. The 
Assembly, however, thought proper to sustain the 
commission. 

The College had long thought the mode of electing 
their member of Assembly, in conjunction with the 
Town-Council, an improper and unnecessary practice, 
and had only consented to it for the sake of preserv- 
ing a good understanding with their patrons. Princi- 
pal Rule always, and Mr. Carstairs several times, 
declared that their going to the Council should not be 
interpreted as a giving up of their privilege, and in 
the interval betwixt the death of Dr. Rule and the 
instalment of Principal Carstairs, Mr. Meldrum, Tm 
fessor of Divinity, spoke in Council to the same pur- 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 321 

pose. In the year 1702, one of the Professors entered 
a protest against the Town-Council's interfering in 
electing a member of Assembly for the College, to 
which all the Professors except one adhered ; and some 
of them never went afterwards to the Council. Sir 
Eobert Chiesley, when Provost, went to the College, 
with some of the Magistrates only, and in conjunction 
with the Principal and Professors, elected the Com- 
missioner to the Assembly. 

Perhaps the proper mode would be for the Lord 
Provost alone, as Chancellor of the University, to pre- 
side in person on this, or any other public occasion, 
within the College, if he chose to come. The whole 
Town -Council are the undoubted patrons of the Uni- 
versity ; but it seems inconsistent with the nature of 
a University, that they should on any occasion sit 
with the Principal and Professors in an academical 
capacity. They have the power of choosing a Eector, 
which they formerly used to exercise, though they 
have long laid it aside ; but while they do not choose 
to send a Eector, the Principal of the College is under- 
stood to possess the power of that academical officer. 
That the Provost should appear occasionally within 
the College, in the high character of Chancellor, and 
preside in College meetings, would not detract from 
the dignity of the University, but rather add to it. 
But the sending for the Principal and Professors, and 
making them sit in their academical capacity along 
with the Town-Council, is what the patrons themselves 
should have no desire to do. They are the guardians 
of the dignity of their own University ; the more 

x 



322 HISTORY OF THE 

dignified the body of which they are the patrons, the 
more splendid is that patronage ; and the Magistrates 
will be found to consult their own interest, as well as 
that of the public, when they consult the dignity of 
their College. 

This right of interfering with the College in the 
choice of their member of Assembly, was asserted by 
the Council, and still questioned by the College, till 
the Assembly, in the year 1723, passed an act declar- 
ing the right to be only in the Professors, Principal, 
Regents, Masters, and others bearing office in the 
University ; that is to say, the Chancellor, Rector, 
and Dean of Faculty, if any such there be, exclusive 
of all others. 1 

1719-1-20. On the 21st of August 1719, a pension of fifty 
marks Scots, quarterly, was ordered by the Town- 
Council to be paid to Margaret, widow of Mr. John 
Goodall, late Professor of Hebrew, out of respect to 
his memory, and in regard of her numerous family 
and indigent condition. They, at the same time, 
restricted the yearly salary of the office of Professor 
of Hebrew, which was formerly 000 marks Scots, 
to 700. 

The Professorship of Oriental Languages having be- 
mine vacant by the death of Mr. Goodall, Dr. James 
Crawford (still retaining the titular Professorship of 

> Act VI. Ass.-nibly 17'AS.- A printed buted :im<.M- tin- members. May II. 

j.:i]H-i- mi tin- sulijcct. designated "The 1 7- : *. by Commissary Campbell, agent 

<f the University of Edinburgh for the to\\n. and his nephew. This 

on>idered with respect to their ri-ht paper is prt-x.-n <-d in Ms. I'-IJHTS Illus- 

..f ehoosinK a Member to the General trative of the History and Constitution 

My." was givt'n in to the Clerk of the University of Edinburgh, in Col- 

of the General Assembly, and distri- li-g- Library. No. I. p. 95. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 323 

Chemistry and Medicine) was on the same day elected 
successor to Mr. Goodall. 

On the 28th of August, an Act was passed by the 
Town-Council, by which all Professors and Masters 
were declared to hold their office for the future only 
during the Council's pleasure. 

At the same meeting, the patrons thought proper to 
establish a new Professorship, viz., that of Universal 
Civil History ; and Mr. Charles Mackie was the first 
elected Professor, with a temporary salary of 50 per 
annum, to expire at the commencement of the proga- 
tives of the duty on ale, which the patrons had a near 
prospect of obtaining from Parliament. 

" EDINBURGH, August 28, 1719. 

" The which day, the Council, considering the great advantages 
that arise to the nation from the encouragement of learning, by the 
establishment of such professions in our College, as enable our youth 
to study with equal advantages at home as they do abroad, and 
considering the advantages that arise to this City, in particular, from 
the reputation that the Professors of the liberal Arts and Sciences 
have justly acquired to themselves in the said College, and that a 
profession of Universal History is extremely necessary to complete 
the same, this profession being very much esteemed, and the most 
attended of any one profession at all the Universities abroad, and 
yet nowhere set up in any of our Colleges in Scotland ; and con- 
sidering that the expense with which the setting up thereof must be 
attended, make it necessary for the Council to favour it in its infancy 
by giving a reasonable encouragement to any well-qualified person 
whom they shall happen to choose to be Professor thereof; and 
considering, that although the Town's revenue cannot afford the con- 
tinuance of this allowance after the 1st of July 1723, at which 
time the petty port customs are declared by an Act of George the First 
to cease, they agree, that a Professor of Universal History be estab- 
lished in the College of this City, and that, to enable the Professor 
thereof in some measure to defray the expense it must be attended 



324 HISTORY OF THE 

with at its first setting up, he have a salary of fifty pounds sterling 
per annum, commencing from Martinmas next, and to continue till 
the said 1st of July 1723 years, and no longer. 

" The same day the Council . . . nominated and elected Mr. Charles 
Mackie to be Professor of Universal History in the College of this 
City during the Council's pleasure, and allowed to him the sum of 
fifty pounds sterling money yearly, commencing from Martinmas 
next, and to continue till the first day of July 1723 years, and 
appointed Mr. George Drummond, present Treasurer, and his suc- 
cessors in office, to pay the same accordingly out of the said petty 
port customs, during the Council's pleasure, as said is ; and the 
said Mr. Charles Mackie, coinpearing, accepted of his office, and made 
oath de fideli administratione, and qualified himself by taking the 
oath of allegiance, and subscribed the same with the assurance to 
his Majesty King George." 1 

On the same day that Mr. Mackie was elected Pro- 
fessor of Universal Civil History, Mr. James Gregory, 
Professor of Mathematics, obtained from the patrons an 
additional salary of 600 marks Scots, which had been 
formerly granted to his brother, Dr. David, his imme- 
diate predecessor, but had been withheld from him till 
this time. This sum, with his original salary of 5 0, and 
the 30 of Queen Anne's bounty, formerly mentioned, 
made the Mathematical salary the largest in the Col- 
lege, except that of the Professor of Public Law. The 
salary of Dr. James Crawford, Professor of Hebrew, 
was also augmented from 700 marks to 900. 

On the meeting of the College in October, there 
were matriculated by 

1. Mr. Laurence Dundas, February 25, fifty-four 
students of Humanity. 

2. Mr. William Scott, February 26, forty students 
of Greek. 

1 Tc>\vn-('<Miiiri] 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 325 

3. Mr. Colin Drummond, forty-four students of 
Logic. 

4. Mr. Kobert Stewart, March 22, forty students 
of Philosophy. 

This session twenty students took the degree of The one 

* hundred and 

A.M, and one that of M.D. 

On the 26th of October, the Town-Council passed 
an act, disallowing the present Professors of Divinity 
and Church History, or any other Professor in the 
College, from being ministers of Edinburgh in time 
coming, and appointed the draught of an act to be 
brought in hereupon, rescinding the Council's act 
July 1, 1713, contrary to the said resolution, to be 
laid before the Magistrates and Council, for their 
approbation. 

A full account of this matter is given in an act of 
the Town-Council passed on the 2d of November 
following. 

"EDINBURGH, November 2, 1720. 

" The which day, the Council, with the extraordinary deacons, 
taking to their consideration the weight and importance of a minis- 
terial charge in this City, and also of a Professorship of Divinity or 
History in the College thereof, and being fully satisfied and con- 
vinced, not only from the nature of the things, and from the univer- 
sal practice of all well governed Colleges and cities, that the office of 
a Minister and Professor cannot be discharged, in a suitable manner, 
by one person at one and the same time ; and having likewise ob- 
served, that the few instances of contrary practices, in their said 
College, have rather arisen from necessity than choice, Do hereby 
statute and ordain, that henceforth, and in all time coming, no person 
who is a minister of the Gospel, and in the actual exercise of his 
ministry in this City, shall be by us, or our successors in office, 
elected, and admitted Professor of Divinity or History in the said 
College, unless, previous to his admission, he demit his ministerial 



326 HISTORY OF THE 

charge, not to be re-assumed during his continuance in his office of 
Professor, and all future commissions to the said Professors shall 
bear a clause, by which they shall be voided, and become null, 
in the event of any Professor becoming a minister of this City : 
And do hereby declare, that they will not, directly or indirectly, con- 
sent to, nor concur in the leeting or calling of any person to be a 
minister of this City, who is at the same time a Professor of 
Divinity or Church History in their said College, unless he pre- 
viously resign and demit his Professorship, declaring always, as it 
is hereby declared, that nothing herein contained shall be construed 
to extend to the office of Principal of their said College." l 

The College having met as usual in October, there 
were matriculated by 

1. Mr. Laurence Dundas, March 29, forty-five 
students of humanity. 

2. Mr. William Scott, March 31, fifty-four students 
of Greek. 

3. Mr. Colin Drummond, April 3, fifty-four students 
of Logic. 

4. Mr. Robert Stewart, no students of Natural 
Philosophy. 

TI,- one This session fourteen students took the degree of 

hundred and 

A.M., and one that of M.D. 

Mr. William Dunlop, Regius Professor of Ecclesi- 
astical History, died in the year 1720, and Mr. 
Matthew Crawford, minister of Inchinnon, obtained 
the office from the Crown in 1721. Mr. Crawford 
was admitted November 15, 1721, having been in- 
troduced by Bailie Drummond, Bailie Lindsay, and 
others of the Town- Council. 2 The Commission is 
dated at St. James's, June 16, 1721. 

1 Town-Council Record*. .ship till his death, which took place 

1 [Mi . Crawf"i<l held this Professor- some fifteen years aftor. His rl.i 



dnatcd. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 327 

After the meeting of the College again in October, 1721-1722. 
there were matriculated by 

1. Mr. Laurence Dundas, no matriculation this 
session. 

2. By Mr. William Scott, February 27, forty-six 
students of Greek. 

3. By Mr. Colin Drummond, March 30, forty-seven 
students of Logic. 

4. By Mr. Eobert Stewart, January 11, only five 
students of Philosophy. 

This session twenty-six students were made A.M., The one 

hundred and 
nrirl rnp M "D thirty-fourth 

ana one IVI.IA ^ Class gra . 

In October, the College having again met, there were ira-ira 
matriculated by 

1. Mr. Laurence Dundas, no matriculation. 

2. Mr. William Scott, February 27 and March 1, 
sixty -three students of Greek. 

3. Mr. Colin Drummond, April 5, thirteen super 
venients, as they are called in the album. 

4. Mr. Robert Stewart, no matriculation. 

This session twenty-eight students received the T he one 

r> 4 - r / -^ r T>k T i hundred ami 

degree ol A.M. : one that of M.D. : and another, viz., twrty-iifth 

' Class gra- 

George Oswald, an alumnus of this University, and duated 
then M.D. of the University of Rheims, was ad- 
mitted, ad eundem. One, viz., Halford Cotton, A.M., 
Presbyter of the Church of England, received the 
degree of LL.D. 



appears, was not well attended. " He after lecture] but for money, and uo- 
lias 100," says Wodrow, writing March body comes to him. His public pre- 
1731, " and really does nothing for it. lections are not frequented ; he will not 
He will give no private colledges [i.e., have six or seven hearers, they say." 
private examinations and instructions Wodvow's Analecta. vol. iv. p. 212.] 



328 HISTORY OF THE 

In 1722, the patrons erected a Professorship of the 
Scots or Municipal Law in this University, of which 
they chose, November 28, Mr. Alexander Bayne of 
Revas, Advocate, the first Professor for teaching the 
same, and qualifying Writers to the Signet. On the 
same day, Mr. Charles Mackie, who had been elected 
Professor of Universal Civil History, was also elected 
Professor of the History of Scotland in particular, and 
of Greek, Roman, and British Antiquities. 

A salary was provided for Mr. Bayne in the manner 
immediately to be mentioned. 

Jn the year 1723, the City of Edinburgh obtained 
a renewal of their duty of two pennies Scots on each 
pint of ale brewed and sold within the City, with an 
extension to the four adjacent parishes ; T and this gift, 
by Act of Parliament, was burdened with a salary of 
100 sterling yearly, to the three following Professors, 
viz., Civil Law, History, and Scots Law. And be- 
cause Mr. Mackie had, for some years, given lectures 
to his students, not only on Universal History, but 
likewise on Roman Antiquities, for the benefit of 
students of the Roman or Civil Law, he was designed 
in the Act of Parliament Professor of Universal Civil 
History, and of Greek and Roman Antiquities. 

Though these three first Professors of Civil Law, 
Scots Law, and History were elected simply by the 
Town-Council, the patrons of the University, yet when 
their salaries were provided by this Act of Parliament, 
it was there also enacted, that when, in time coming, 
a vacancy should happen in any of the.se three ofti< >, 

A i ii"t, ji. 520. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 329 

it should be supplied by the Faculty of Advocates 
presenting a leet of two candidates to the Town- 
Council, of whom the Council is limited to make choice 
of one. 

The Senatus Academicus, in the year 1723, stood as 
follows : 

Mr. William Wishart, Principal. 

Mr. William Hamilton, Professor of Divinity. 

Mr. Matthew Crawford, Regius Professor of Divinity and 

Ecclesiastical History. 

Mr. Laurence Dundas, Professor of Humanity. 
Mr. William Scott, Professor of Greek, 
Mr. Colin Drummond, Professor of Logic. 
Mr. Robert Stewart, Professor of Natural Philosophy. 
Mr. William Law, Professor of Moral Philosophy. 
Mr. James Gregory, Professor of Mathematics. 
Dr. James Crawford, Professor of Chemistry and Medicine, 

also of Oriental Languages. 

Mr. Charles Erskine, Regius Professor of Public Law. 
Mr. James Craig, Professor of the Civil Law. 
Mr. Charles Mackie, Professor of Civil History, and Greek 

and Roman Antiquities. 
Mr. Alexander Bayne, Professor of Scots Law.j 

On the 28th of March 1723, the Town-Council, with 1723-1724. 
the Professors of the College, in a very full meeting, 
chose the Principal, Mr. William Wishart, to represent 
the College in the ensuing General Assembly. Mr. 
Robert Henderson, Librarian, having been examined 
whether he had made the alphabetical catalogue of the 
books of the College Library, conform to the appoint- 
ment of the Council, answered, that he was going on 
in the said work, and had made considerable progress 
therein. A committee was appointed to examine 



330 HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 

about this, and to report. Thereafter the laws of the 
College were read, and the consideration of them ad- 
journed till next meeting. 1 

On the 1st of November 1723, the Council ap- 
pointed the Professors and students to be accommo- 
dated with seats in Lady Tester's Church. 

In October the classes as usual met, and there were 
matriculated by 

1. Mr. Laurence Dundas's class not matriculated. 

2. Mr. William Scott, February 27, forty-four stu- 
dents of Greek. 

3. Mr. Colin Drummond, March 27, twenty-two 
supervenients, as they are called in the album. 

4. Mr. Kobert Stewart's class not matriculated. 

,1^ one This session thirty-four students obtained the degree 

thirty re 8 ix a th of A.M., and four that of M.D., of which last was 

Clans era- 
John Moubray, A.M., in the University of Wittemberg, 

where he had also obtained the degree of M.D., and 
had afterwards been admitted, ad eundem, in the 
Universities of Padua and of Leyden. 2 

1 Town-Council Records. Rectors, and Professors of Divinity, 
* [Here Professor Dalzel's History of without entering into biographical de- 
the University of Edinburgh abruptly tail. He has, however, written notices 
eiotei It was evidently his intention of the Professors of Mathematics down 
to bring it down to his own time. to his own time ; an account of the 
It appears also to have been a part Library and Librarians down t<> tin- 
of his plan to subjoin brief bio- year 1747 ; and notices of the Pro- 
graphical memorials of the Professors fessors of Humanity down to the year 
in the various chain. This part of his 1741. These parts of the w..rk now 
plan he has only partially executed, follow ] 
He haM given a list of the Principals, 



PEINCIPALS OF THE UNIVEESITY. 

1. MR. EGBERT EOLLOCK, elected February 9, 
1585-6 ; died February 8, 1599. 

2. MR. HENRY CHARTERIS, elected February 14, 
1598-9 ; resigned March 20, 1620. 

3. MR. PATRICK SANDS, elected March 20, 1620 ; 
resigned August 1622. 

4. MR. EORERT Bo YD, elected October 18, 1622; 
removed January 31, 1623. 

5. MR. JOHN ADAMSON, elected November 21, 1623. 
I find his name as Principal in 1649, and May 20, 
1650. 

6. MR. WILLIAM COLVILL, elected April 23, 1652. 
His election set aside. See p. 165. 

7. MR. EGBERT LEIGHTON, afterwards Bishop of 
Dunblane and Archbishop of Glasgow, elected January 
17, 1653 ; resigned 1662. 

8. MR. WILLIAM COLVILL, again elected March 20, 
1662. His name appears in 1662, 1663, 1670, 1672. 

9. DR. ANDREW CANT, elected September 29, 1675. 
Holds his inaugural oration November 15, 1675. 
Died December 4, 1685. 

10. DR. ALEXANDER MONRO, formerly Professor of 
Divinity at St. Andrews, elected Principal, December 
9, 1685. Eemoved by the Visitors for refusing to 
take the oaths to King William and Queen Mary, 
September 25, U'>90. 



332 HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 

11. DR. GILBERT KULE, one of the ministers of 
Edinburgh, chosen Principal, September 26, 1690 ; 
died in 1701. 

12. MR. WILLIAM CARSTAIRS, elected May 12, 
1703 ; died December 28, 1715. 

13. MR. WILLIAM WISHART, one of the ministers 
of Edinburgh, elected Principal, June 1, 1716 ; died 
June 1729. 

14. MR. WILLIAM HAMILTON, Professor of Divinity, 
elected Principal, February 16, 1732 ; died November 
1732. 

15. MR. JAMES SMITH, Professor of Divinity, elected 
Principal, July 18, 1733 ; died August 1736. 

16. DR. WILLIAM WISHART, elected Principal, No- 
vember 20, 1737 ; died May 12, 1753. 

17. DR. JOHN GOWDIE, Professor of Divinity, elected 
Principal, February 6, 1754 ; died February 19, 1762. 

18. DR. WILLIAM ROBERTSON, one of the ministers 
of Edinburgh, elected Principal, March 10, 1762; 
admitted November 10, following ; died June 11,1793. 

19. DR. GEORGE BAIRD, joint Professor of Hebrew, 
and one of the ministers of Edinburgh, elected Prin- 
cipal, July 3, 1793 ; admitted September 1 1, following. 



KECTOKS OF THE UNIVEKSITY. 

1. [JOHN JOHNSTOUN, brother to the Laird of Elphin- 
stoun, appointed " to have the oversight and govern- 
ment of the affairs of the College, lately founded and 
erected by the guid toun," February 11, 1586-7.] 

2. MR. ANDREW RAMSAY, one of the ministers of 
Edinburgh, elected March 20, 1620. 

3. MR. ALEXANDER MORISON of Prestongrange, a 
Lord of Session, chosen Rector, January 5, 1627. 

4. MR. ALEXANDER HENDERSON, minister of the 
Great Kirk of Edinburgh, chosen Rector, January 8, 
1640, for the ensuing years. A beadle was appointed 
to carry a silver mace before him. 1 Died, August 19, 
1646. 2 

5. MR. ANDREW RAMSAY, one of the ministers of 
Edinburgh, again elected Rector, November 4, 1646 ; 
re-elected the next two years. 

6. MR. ROBERT DOUGLAS, one of the ministers of 
Edinburgh, elected Rector, January 1, 1649. 

[The Provost of Edinburgh, present and to come, to 
be Rector and Governor of the College in all time 
coming, November 10, 1665.] 

1 Maitland's History of Edinburgh, 2 See Chalmers's Life of Ruddiman, 
p. 195. p. 222. 



PROFESSORS OF DIVINITY IN THE 
UNIVERSITY. 

1. MR ROBERT ROLLOCK, elected August 27, 1587. 

2. MR. HENRY CHARTERIS, elected February 14, 
1599 ; resigned, March 20, 1620. 

3. MR. ANDREW RAMSAY, elected March 20, 1620 ; 
resigned March 8, 1626. 

4. MR. HENRY CHARTERIS, formerly Principal, was 
translated from the North Kirk of Leith, and again 
admitted Professor of Divinity, April 19, 1727 ; died 
in the summer of 1629. 

5. MR. JAMES FAIRLY, minister at South Leith, 
elected July 24, 1629 ; resigned August 1630. 

6. JOHN SHARPE, D.D., and formerly Professor in the 
College of Die in Dauphiny in France, elected Novem- 
ber 17, 1630. 

7. DR. ALEXANDER COLVILL, a Professor in St. 
Andrews, elected, June 23, 1648, in place of Dr. 
Sharp, deceased, but not admitted. See page 146. 

8. MR. SAMUEL RUTHERFORD, elected June 27, 
1649. Did not accept. 

9. MR. DAVID DICKSON, elected, February 16, 1650 ; 
d emitted 1662 ; died in December same year. 

10. MR. PATRICK SCOUGALL, elected December 5, 
1662. Did not accept 

11. MR. WILLIAM KEITH, elected January 27, 
1664 ; died, November 18, 1675. 



HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 335 

12. MR. LAURENCE CHARTERIS, elected November 
24, 1675 ; demitted in 1681. 

13. MR. JOHN MENZIES, elected June 21, 1682. 
Did not accept. 

14. DR. JOHN STRACHAN, elected March 21, 1683. 
Deprived by the Visitors for refusing to take the oaths 
to William and Mary, September 25, 1690. 

15. MR. GEORGE CAMPBELL, minister of Dumfries, 
chosen in place of Dr. Strachan, September 26, 1690 ; 
died in the autumn of 1701. 

16. MR. GEORGE MELDRUM, one of the ministers of 
Edinburgh, elected December 24, 1701, in place of 
Mr. George Campbell, deceased. 

17. MR. WILLIAM HAMILTON, minister of Cramond, 
elected August 17, 1709. 

18. MR. JAMES SMITH, one of the ministers of 
Edinburgh, succeeded Mr. William Hamilton, February 
16, 1732. 



PROFESSORS OF MATHEMATICS IN THE 
UNIVERSITY. 

THERE was no Professor of Mathematics in the Col- 
lege of Edinburgh till 1620, when, upon some new 
arrangement in the College, which proved to be I nit 
Mr. Andrew temporary, Mr. ANDREW YOUNG, who had been chosen 
one o f th e p ro fessors or Regents of Philosophy in the 



year 1601, was also made public Professor of the 
Mathematics. 1 Whether he ever taught a separate 
mathematical class does not appear. He held the 
office but a short time, having died in the year 1623. 
He had been a Professor at Aberdeen two years pre- 
vious to his coming to Edinburgh. 

He had no successor in the Professorship of Mathe- 
matics till the year 1640, when the Town-Council iu- 
vited Mr. THOMAS CRAWFORD, then Rector of the High 
' School, to hold that office. He was a man of great 
learning, and had formerly been Professor of Human it v 
in the College ; a situation which he obtained on tin- 
29th of March 1626, after a very strict comparative 
trial. But a vacancy having happened in the Rector- 
ship of the High School by the death of Mr. John Ray, 
in the month of February 1630, he preferred that office 
to the other in the College. In the year 1640, the 
Council, with the Rector of the University (an office 

i Mr. young's Halary an Regent was 160 marks, and he had as much as Pro- 
femor of Mathematics 



Professor, 



HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 337 

then held by the famous Mr. Alexander Henderson, 
but which has now been dormant for many years), 
considering that, the two preceding years, two Regents 
or Professors of Philosophy had been recently admitted, 
and being unwilling to introduce a third inexperienced 
one within so short a period, they offered a public Pro- 
fessorship of the Mathematics to Mr. Thomas Crawford, 
to be held by him in conjunction with one of the four 
Professorships of Philosophy, with a salary for life of 
600 marks per annum. Upon this he returned to the 
College, and undertook the duty of both these offices, 
which he discharged with great fidelity and reputation 
for many years, and till the time of his death, which 
happened on the 30th of March 1662. 

Previous to this election of Mr. Crawford, Mathe- 
matics as well as Greek had been considered as a part 
of the philosophical course of four years, and were 
taught by the four Eegents or Professors of Philosophy. 
As Professor of Mathematics, it is probable that Mr. 
Crawford did no more than give public lectures twice 
a week to all of the students who chose to attend. 1 
The principal part of his duty was that of one of the 
four ordinary Professors of Philosophy. As such, he 
commenced with the charge of the class of Bachelors, 
or the class which was entering to the third year of 
their course, left in that state by his predecessor, Mr. 
James Wright ; and the second year afterwards he 



1 This at least was the case with Mr. of his in the Biographia Britannica, 

James Gregory, Professor of Mathe- first edition, vol. iv. p. 23bl. It like- 

matics first at St. Andrews in the year wise appears that he gave private les- 

1670, and afterwards at Edinburgh in sons, 
the year 1674 ; as appears by a letter 



338 HISTORY OF THE 

brought them to the usual degree of Master of Arts. 
It is remarkable that in the Theses which he printed 
at this graduation, and which are dedicated to John 
Earl of Loudon, Chancellor of Scotland, he has sub- 
joined a few positions, under the title of "Theses 
Mathematics ;" a practice which he followed in all the 
copies of Theses which remain of graduations after- 
wards conducted by him, In the titles of these Theses 
he takes the appellation of Professor of Mathematics, 
of which he seems to have been very fond. In an im- 
perfect record preserved in the College Library, entitled 
" Tabulae petentium et adeuntium Professiones pub- 
licas in Academia Jacobi Kegis Edinburgena, post 
ineuntem annum 1663," Mr. Thomas Crawford is de- 
nominated " a grammarian and philosopher, likewise 
profoundly skilled in theology, and a man of the 
greatest piety and integrity." 

Nothing of his composition appears in print except 
the short Theses already mentioned ; but to him \\ c 
owe a distinct account of the College of Edinburgh 
from its foundation in 1581 till the year 1646. Of 
this there is a copy in the Advocates Library, in the 
handwriting of Mr. Matthew Crawford, Eegius Pro- 
fessor of Divinity and Church History ; as appears 
from a docquet at the conclusion, bearing that the 
original from which this was taken belonged to Mr. 
Laurence Dundas, Professor of Humanity, who had 
lent it to Mr. Matthew Crawford. It is probable that 
this original is in the possession of Sir Thomas, now 
Lord Dundas, whose father, tin- late Sir Laurence 
Dundas, Bart., of Kerse, was a nephew or near relation 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 339 

of the above Professor Laurence Dundas, and inherited 
not only his name, but a considerable part of his for- 
tune. Another copy of this history, in the handwrit- 
ing of Mr. William Henderson, Librarian, belongs to 
the College Library, and bears in the title to have 
been given in to Mungo Wood, City Treasurer, the 
15th of January 1673. 1 

There are extant also in the Advocates Library some 
MS. Notes on Virgil, composed by Mr. Thomas Craw- 
ford ; and there is a poem of his, in Latin, in " Eiaoha 
Musarum Edinensium in Caroli Eegis ingressu in 
Scotiani," 1633. 

After the death of Mr. Thomas Crawford in 1662, 
the Professorship of Mathematics remained dormant 
till the year 1674, when the Town-Council invited i 674 
the famous Mr. JAMES GREGORY, Professor of Mathe- 
matics at St. Andrews, to take upon him the same 
office in the College of Edinburgh, which he ac- 
cepted ; and in the beginning of November of that 
year he entered upon his new charge by delivering an 
inaugural oration before the patrons of the University, 
and a great number of illustrious and learned audi- 
tors. 

This celebrated person, who at a very early period 
of life showed a great genius for geometrical studies, 
for which his family, both before and since his time, 
have been greatly distinguished, soon attracted the 
notice of the greatest mathematicians of the age, New- 

1 [Crawford's History of the Univer- ford's, entitled, " Notes and Observa- 

sity was printed by Dr. Andrew Dun- tions on Mr. George Buchanan's History 

can, Sen., at Edinburgh, 1808, 8vo. of Scotland," appeared at Edinburgh, 

Another posthumous work of Craw- 1708, 12mo.] 



340 HISTORY OF THE 

ton, Huygens, Halley, Wallis, and others, by his inge- 
nious publications. He had travelled to London, and 
afterwards to Padua; at which last place he resided for 
some years, and cultivated his favourite science with 
the greatest success. Having returned to his native 
country, he was elected Professor of Mathematics in 
the University of St. Andrews about the year 1668, 
which office he held about six years previous to his re- 
moval to Edinburgh. In a minute account of his Life 
in the Biographia Britannica, it is said that he died in 
his Professorship at St. Andrews, which was all the 
preferment he ever obtained. But this is a mistake ; 
for he had held the Professorship of Mathematics at 
Edinburgh for nearly a year, when, in October 1675, 
being employed in showing the satellites of Jupiter 
through a telescope to some of his pupils, he was sud- 
denly struck with total blindness, and died a few days 
after, at the early age of thirty-seven. 1 It is said of 
him in the life in the Biographia Britannica already 
mentioned, " that in the Mathematical Sciences he dis- 
covered a genius superior to most, and not much, if at 
all, unequal to the best of his time. This," it is added, 
" happened to be in the interval between Des Cartrs 
and Sir Isaac Newton ; when having the advantage of 
those improvements that had been made by the former, 
he struck a considerable part of that dawning light 
into the sublimer geometry, or geometry of curves, 
which preceded the rising of the latter." 

No successor to Mr. James Gregory in the Mathe- 

i See a life (by Lord Woodhouselee] published, and pn-lix.-.l t.> his W.,rks. 
Of the late Dr. John Gregory, lately [Fxlinb., 1796, 4 vols., small 8vo.] 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 341 

matical chair at Edinburgh was appointed till towards 
the end of the year 1683, when the Town-Council isa 
elected his nephew, MR. DAVID GREGORY, to supply JJJ^ 
his place. This is the same Mathematician who was Sh 
afterwards so celebrated, that, when the Savilian Pro- 
fessorship of Astronomy at Oxford became vacant by 
the resignation of Dr. Bernard in the year 1691, he 
proved the successful candidate for that office, though 
the famous Halley was his competitor. When he suc- 
ceeded his uncle at Edinburgh, he was only twenty- 
three years of age ; but very soon after this, he pub- 
lished his first work, " Exercitatio Geometrica de 
Dimensione Figurarum," etc. Edinburgh, 1684, 4to. 

He was born at Aberdeen on the 24th of June 1661, 
where he received the early parts of his education. 
He completed his studies at Edinburgh, and took his 
Master's degree there, but not till after he was Pro- 
fessor of Mathematics, when we find him obtaining 
that honour on the 27th of November 1683, in a pri- 
vate manner, at the same time subscribing the oath of 
allegiance to King Charles II., with the addition of 
M.P. to his name. 1 On the 10th of December the 
same year, he delivered his inaugural oration, "De 
Analyseos Geometricse progressu et incrementis." 2 

Mr. David Gregory had discharged the duties of his 
office in the College of Edinburgh with great fidelity 
and approbation for seven years, when he was called 
to be Savilian Professor of Astronomy at Oxford. 
Upon that occasion he was first received into Baliol 
College, then admitted, ad eundem, as Master of Arts, 

1 See Graduation Book. 2 See Tabulae Petentium, etc., p. 14. 



342 HISTORY OF THE 

in that University, on the 8th of February 1691, and 
afterwards created M.D. on the 18th of the same 
month. 

Dr. David Gregory had the honour of being the 
first who introduced the Newtonian Philosophy into 
the University of Edinburgh. Mr. Whistou, in Me- 
moirs of his own Life, says, " that he was greatly ex- 
cited to the study of Sir Isaac Newton's wonderful 
discoveries in his Principia, 1 by a paper of Dr. Gre- 
gory's, when he was Professor in Scotland, wherein he 
had given the most prodigious commendations to that 
work, as not only right in all things, but in a manner 
the effect of a plainly divine genius, and had already 
caused several of his scholars to keep acts, as we call 
them, upon several branches of the Newtonian Philo- 
sophy, while we at Cambridge, poor wretches, were 
ignominiously studying the fictitious hypotheses of 
the Cartesian." 2 

In the month of September 1692, MR. JAMES GRE- 

Mr. James 

GORY, the brother of Dr. David, and likewise an emi- 
nent Mathematician, was next elected, and was the 
fifth Professor of Mathematics in the College of Edin- 
burgh. He continued in this office till the year 1725, 
when, his great age and infirmities rendering him in- 
capable of teaching, he resigned ; and by the particu- 
lar recommendation of Sir Isaac Newton, who wrote a 
letter to the Magistrates of Edinburgh on that occa- 
sion, on the 3d of November, Mr. Colin M'Lnurin, 



i [Newton** Principia was first puh- 2366. A more particular acnmnt (PwC 
li*hed in 1687.] Dalzel adds) of David Gregory's genius 

!'.! i i|.l.i:i Britannira, vol. iv. p. and writings to be here introduced. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 343 

then Professor of Mathematics in the Marischal Col- 
lege, Aberdeen, was elected as joint Professor with 
Gregory. 

MR. COLIN M'LAURIN was thus introduced into this 1725. 

Mr. Colin 

University at the same time with his particular friend M R a s uri xth 
Dr. Alexander Monro, Professor of Anatomy, in No- ^ 
vember 1725, 1 and was sixth Professor of Mathe- 
matics. 2 He died in June 1746, at the age of forty- 
eight, and was succeeded by 

DR. MATTHEW STEWART, minister of Roseneath, 1747. 

Dr. Matthew 

who was elected Professor of Mathematics on the 2d 



of September 1 74 7, 3 

He remained in this office till the year 1775, when, 
being very infirm, he resigned, and was re-elected, 
June 14, in conjunction with his only son, MR. DUGALD Mr. 



STEWART, who had been his assistant for two or three 

sessions before, and proved himself worthy to succeed Professor. 
so eminent a father. 

Dr. Matthew Stewart 4 died on the 23d of January 

1 [Dr. Monro was introduced as Pro- Transactions of the Royal Society, 
fessor of Anatomy nearly six years be- Edinburgh, vol. i. [" If it be con- 
fore this, namely, in January 1720. fessed," says Mr. Playfair, " that Dr. 
(Town-Council Records. ) Professor Stewart rated in any respect too high 
Dalzel has fallen into this mistake, by the merit of the ancient Geometry, this 
following, as other biographers have may well be excused in the man whom 
done, Murdoch' s account of Mr. M'Laii- it had conducted to the discovery of 
rin.] the General Theorems, to the solution 

2 See a particular account of his Life of KEPLER'S Problem, and to an accu- 
aud Writhigs, prefixed to his " Account rate determination of the sun's disturb- 
of Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophical ing force. His "great modesty made 
Discoveries ; in four books. Published him ascribe to the method he used that 
from the Author's Manuscript Papers, success which he owed to his own 
by Patrick Murdoch, M.A., and F.R.S., abilities."] 

London. Printed for the Author's 

children, 1748." 4to. See also his 4 [After the appointment of his son 

Sou's Works lately published. Professor Stewart retired into privacy, 

3 Of this eminent Geometer and his living mostly at his country seat in 
Writings, see Mr. Playfair's account in Ayrshire.] 



344 HISTORY OF THE 

1785, at the age of sixty-eight, and Mr. Dugald 
Stewart, now sole Professor, continued in the office, of 
which he had discharged the duties with the greatest 
success, no longer than till the month of May in the same 
year 1785, when, on the resignation of Dr. Adam Fer- 
guson, Professor of Moral Philosophy, he preferred 
this last office, as being more suited to his taste, though 
less lucrative than the Professorship of Mathematics. 

Mr. Stewart being admitted Professor of Moral 
1785 Philosophy, on the 20th of May 1785, MR. JOHN 
PLAYFAIR, whose learning, and particularly whose 
mathematical abilities were well known, was elected 
Professor of Mathematics, in conjunction with Dr. 
Ferguson, and received into the College on the 21st of 
June following. The sole purpose of Dr. Ferguson's 
joint election with Mr. Playfair, was to give him a 
right to a salary, as an equivalent for that which Mr. 
Stewart now enjoyed, and which Mr. Playfair was not 
to be entitled to till Dr. Ferguson's death. 1 

The salary of this office was at first tion to his colleagues. Mr. Dugald 
600 marks. There is a tradition that Stewart had this anecdote from his fa- 
it was augmented to its present state, ther. At present it is the best in the 
by way of favour to Dr. David Gregory, College, except that of the Law of Na- 
by the Council, because he took their ture and Nations, 
hide on a particular occasion in opposi- 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 345 



THE LIBRARY. 

IN the year 1580, Mr. Clement Little, Advocate, 
and one of the Commissaries of Edinburgh, bequeathed 
his library, 1 consisting of about 300 volumes, for the 
use of the citizens of Edinburgh. At that time this 
was considered as a very valuable collection. These 
books were at first deposited in a gallery belong- 
ing to Mr. James Lawson, which was a part of the 
lodgings appropriated to the accommodation of the 
ministers of Edinburgh, and situated on the spot 
where the Parliament House was afterwards built. 
Mr. Lawson was a strenuous promoter of the scheme 
of erecting a College in Edinburgh, which was at last 
accomplished in the year 1582 ; 2 but the Presbyterian 
interest having soon after declined, and the Councils 
of the Earl of Arran prevailing, several of the Presby- 
terian ministers were forced into exile, among whom 
was Mr. Lawson, who died at London in the year 

1 The deed of conveyance of these the autumn of the year 1558, when re- 
books to the Town- Council of Edin- turning to Scotland from his attendance 
burgh, with a catalogue of them sub- on the marriage of Queen Mary with 
joined, is still extant in the College the Dauphin of France. This we learn 
collection, written on vellum, in a from a letter which Mary wrote to her 
beautiful hand. See Appendix. mother, the Queen Dowager of Scot- 

2 [It was not till the year 1582 that land, dated September 16, 1558, in 
the Town -Council succeeded in re- which she says: "Madame, Dieu a 
covering the legacy of 8000 marks voulu que les embassadeurs qui vont 
bequeathed by Robert Reid, Bishop presentement vers vous estant a mi 
of Orkney, about the year 1558, for chemin, ayeut este reponses jusques a 
the endowment of a College at Edin- Diepe, la ou ils sont tous malades, et 
burgh. See p. 2. Here it may be noted Monsieur d'Orcenay mort." Miscellany 
that Bishop Reid died at Dieppe in of the Maitland Club, vol. i. p. 248.] 



346 HISTORY OF THE 

1584, much regretted by all his friends. The Town- 
Council, however, persevered in their attention to the 
interest of the College ; and, in particular, they caused 
Mr. Clement Little's donation of books to be removed 
from Mr. Lawson's house to the College, and delivered 
to the care of Professor, afterwards Principal Kollock. 
Such was the commencement of the College Library, 
which continued to increase rapidly, not only by dona- 
tions from those who annually received the degree of 
A.M., but by the munificence of many well disposed 
citizens and others, who contributed considerable sums 
of money, as well as books, for that purpose. 
i62. In the year 1626, it was found necessary to remove 
the books from the small apartment which they first 
occupied in the College, and to place them in the high 
public hall, until a more commodious receptacle should 
be provided for them. Hitherto the charge of the 
Library had devolved on the Principals of the College ; 
but Mr. John Adamson, at that time Principal, finding 
the complete discharge of the office of Librarian now 
becoming too laborious, particularly as the large win- 
dows of the hall were in such a state as to expose the 
l>ooks to some injury from the weather, the Council, 
December 26, allowed him 180 marks per annum for 
employing an assistant or servant to attend to the 
state of the volumes, and for purchasing coals to 
counteract the bad effect of the damp air. 

It was at length found that the Library would 1>< 
more generally useful, if instead of the Principal, who 
could not be supposed to give the necessary attend- 
ance, a Librarian should be appointed, who mi^ht 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 347 

attend regularly at certain stated hours for the ac- 
commodation of those who should be admitted to the 
use of the books, agreeably to certain laws and regula- 
tions. Accordingly, in the year 1635, MR. KENNETH leas. 
LOGIE, son to Mr. James Logie, Advocate, was chosen JJ^* e e t th 



Keeper of the Library, with an annual salary of 400 
marks, and the addition of some occasional perquisites. 
He had been recommended to this employment from 
the successful assistance he had given to the Principal 
in arranging the books in presses, and in making cata- 
logues of them. The method adopted at this time 
answered all the necessary purposes of accommodation 
as long as the books remained in the higher hall. 1 Mr. 
Logie held the office of Librarian till the year 1641, 
when he accepted of a call to be minister of Skirling. 

In his place, on the 2 9th of January 1641, was chosen mi. 

J January *>. 

MR. ANDREW MONRO, son of Mr. John Monro, burgess Monro, ldrew 
of Edinburgh; and in the month of April 1642, an Librarian. 
act was passed for building a new apartment for the 
Library. For this work Bailie John Fleming left 
4000 marks. 

This is the room which is at present called the 
Museum, where the Professor of Natural History also 
gives his lectures, and part of which, at the west end, 
is the class for the Professor of Humanity. It runs 
along within the new parallel College inner quad- 
rangle, to the Chemical Laboratory, and the house of 
the Professor of Chemistry ; and must be demolished 

1 What is here called the higher hall scribed by Professor Dalzel, as appro- 

is the very room in which the Library priated to the Museum and Library, are 

is at present [1799] accommodated, now removed.] 
[But all the College buildings here de- 



348 HISTORY OF THE 

in the progress of the new buildings. The sunk storey 
was intended for a printing-house ; and the building 
was at first covered with a flat leaden roof, and re- 
mained so till about the year 1766, when the leaden 
roof was taken off, and an upper storey added, which 
being divided into two rooms, the one serves as a 
class-room for the Professor of Natural Philosophy, 
the other as an addition to the present Library. 

The books were removed from the higher hall, and 
deposited in this new room upon its being completed. 
This continued to be the Library for many years ; and 
the higher hall, which is now again the Library, was 
the room for the meetings of the Professors ; and 
sometimes the graduations were performed in it. 
How it was again made use of for the Library room 
will be seen afterwards. 

Mr. Andrew Monro, Keeper of the Library, died in 
the year 1645, of the plague, 1 which then prevailed ; 
and which had forced the Professors and students to 
retire to the town of Linlithgow to avoid the infection. 
In their absence, the Town-Council had some differ- 
ence among themselves about a successor to Mr. 
Monro. There were two candidates for the office. 
The one was MR. THOMAS SPEIR, son of a respectable 
burgess of Edinburgh, and who had taken the Master's 
degree the preceding August. He was the grandson 
of Provost William Little, who had been very friemlly 
to the College, and grandnephew to Mr. Clement Little, 
who had given a beginning to the Library. The other 

[" Retiring to Perth, having been of." Crawford's History of the Uni- 
eizcd of the pestilence In-fore his de- versity of Edinburgh, p. ISl'.j 
iarture from Klml.ur-li. he died there- 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 349 

candidate was MR. ANDREW SUTTIE, nephew to Mr. 
George Suttie, Dean of Guild, a promising young 
man, born in the town of Forfar, and who had taken Mr 

the Master's decree at St. Andrews in the year 1644. 

111- -11 Suttie > J int 

Both candidates had considerable interest with the ^ br f ians - 

The former 

patrons ; and to avoid all further contention, it was 

....... , 

agreed that the two should be conjoined in the omce ; Jjj 



election, and 



and that each of them should have 300 marks salary, an?the third 
instead of the 400, which the sole Librarian had en- 
joyed. However, Mr. Speir did not long survive his 
election, having died soon after of a consumption, much 
regretted ; and Mr. Suttie became sole Librarian, and 
returned to the former salary of 400 marks. 1 

The fourth Librarian was MR FRANCIS ADAMSON, 
who was chosen about 1648. (See p. 154.) 

The fifth Librarian was MR. JAMES NAIRNE, who 
was chosen July 23, 1652. (See p. 164.) 

The sixth Librarian was MR. JOHN MIEN, who was 
chosen about March or April 1655. (See p. 172.) 

The seventh Librarian was MR. JOHN STEVENSON 
who was elected December 9, 1657. (See p. 177.) 

The eighth Librarian was MR. JOHN KNILAND, who 
was elected May 19, 1658, in place of Mr. John 
Stevenson, deceased. (See p. 178.) 

The ninth Librarian was MR. JOHN DUNLOP. (See 
p. 191.) 



i [The names of the next seven Libra- " 28th Ztecerafor 1653. Mr. John Ste- 

rians, omitted in Professor Dalzel's vensone admitted Keiper of the Biblio- 

MS., are supplied from the preceding theque of the Colledge of this Burgh, in 

history. The following extract from place of Mr. James Nairne, lait keiper 

the Council Register would seem, how- thairof, demitted, with the yearlie feall 

ever, to show that some uncertainty pre- of 400 merks. "] 
vails regarding Nairne's successor : 



350 HISTORY OF THE 

The tenth Librarian was MR. WILLIAM SOMERVILLE, 
who was chosen March 2, 1666, in place of Mr. John 
Dunlop, resigned. 1 (See p. 193.) 
leer. The eleventh Librarian was MR. WILLIAM HENDER- 

Mr. William . 

Hemi, SON, who was elected ui the year 1667, and who seems 

H-v'iith J 

to have discharged the duties of the office with great 
diligence. His handwriting appeal's in several of the 
books and registers preserved in the Library. In par- 
ticular, during the time of his holding the office, he 
kept an exact account of the books and other dona- 
tions presented to the College, with the names of the 
donors ; this is preceded by a very distinct catalogue 
of the benefactors of the College from its foundation 
to the year 1679. The history of the College, from 
its beginning to the year 1646, as collected from the 
MSS. of Mr. Thomas Crawford, is very abstractly 
copied in the handwriting of Mr. Henderson. He 
acted as Secretary also to the University, and had the 
charge of the graduation book, where his writing is to 
be observed for a considerable series of years. The 
graduation book is the most curious and valuable 
record in the College. 2 It is to be regretted that Mr. 
Henderson did not keep regular minutes of the meet- 
ings of the Senatus Academicus, for he was very 

1 I have found a note on the hack of Council '."Edinburgh, July 17, 1668. 
an old catalogue, in the handwriting of The Council appoint* that 100 marks, 
Mr. Robert Henderson, son and succes- detained in the College Treasurer's 
nor to Mr. William, bearing that cer- hand the time of Mr. Joint Dunlop, 
tain books were given in by Mr. John late Bihliothccarius, his decease, for 
Dunlop's brother as belonging to the the books that were then ;iniiiiiLr, ! 
Library ; and on the game page men- given in by the Treasurer to the Pil- 
lion is made of certain other books Bar to be expended upon books."] 
wanting in Mr. Dunlnp's time. [As > [See the volume already mentioned, 
to these books, there is the following "The Catalogue of Graduates, etc." 
minute in the Records of the Town- Edinb., 1858, 8vo.] 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 351 

distinct and accurate. This method, however, was 
not adopted till the year 1733. He was clerk to 
several meetings of delegates from the different 
Universities of Scotland, and the minutes he .wrote 
of their proceedings have been preserved, and are 
curious. 

In the year 1636, soon after Mr. Kenneth Logie 
was appointed Librarian, certain regulations were 
drawn up, to be observed by those who should have 
the privilege of reading books in the Library. By 
these it was ordained, that no person should enter the 
Library without permission of the Keeper, or go out 
without his knowledge : that none but those who were 
regularly admitted, and who had taken a solemn pro- 
mise to submit to the regulations, should have the 
privilege of reading the books : that none should touch 
any of the books but such as were delivered to him by 
the Keeper : that none be allowed to carry out a book : 
that none shall mark any book, either with ink or by 
doubling down the leaves : that if any one happen in- 
advertently to stain a book, he shall immediately in- 
form the Librarian, according to whose judgment he 
is to repair the damage to the Library : that none 
shall be permitted to read by candle-light, or to carry 
a book near the fire : that the hours for reading, while 
the College is open, shall be every day, except Sun- 
days, from ten o'clock till twelve, and in the afternoon, 
from tw^o till four in winter ; in summer, the same, 
and likewise, from seven in the morning till nine : 
that upon a signal given at nine, at twelve, and at 
four in the afternoon, all shall immediately depart 



352 HISTORY OF THE 

from the Library : that no person shall read aloud, 
nor disturb others in the time of reading ; and if he 
has occasion to speak to another, it shall be by whis- 
pering : that whatever book any one has got after 
coming into the Library, he may, if he please, retain 
till the signal of quitting the room be given ; and no 
one shall be allowed to seize a book in the possession 
of another. 1 

Every one accordingly, before he could have the 
use of the Library, was required to come under a 
solemn obligation to obey these laws. 

Upon the 12th of December 1636, for the first time 
these conditions were agreed to, and subscribed by 
the Principal and Professors, and several others, in 
presence of James Cochrane, Andrew Ainslie, and 
Charles Hamilton, Bailies of Edinburgh, and Sir John 
Sinclair, Dean of Guild, and James Eoughead, Trea- 
surer, with certain others of the Council. 

The next day ten more entered, and subscribed be- 
fore the Principal, and Mr. Andrew Stevenson, Pro- 
fessor of Philosophy ; and this practice of entering and 
subscribing in presence of the Principal, and one or 
more Professors, or of one or two or more Professors, 
prevailed till the 20th of May 1650, on which day 
Mr. Robert Burnet appears as the last who subscribed 
and was admitted (the Principal and Professor Duncan 
Forrester being present), previous to an interruption 
of several years. 

It is to be observed, that there was an interval with 
respect to admitting any person to the privilege of 

> See these law* in the book kept for admitting cive* of the Library. 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 353 

the Library, betwixt the 6th of May 1642, till the 
22d of March 1644. As the act was passed for build- 
ing the new room in April 1642, it is probable that 
this interruption was occasioned by the removing of 
the books into their new situation ; where they con- 
tinued till about the year 1753. 

The interval in the regular admission of persons to 
the use of the Library, and the obliging them to sub- 
scribe the laws which interval commenced in the 
year 1650 continued till about the end of the year 
1662, that is, during the time of Cromwell's usurpa- 
tion, and for some time after his death, till the Resto- 
ration, and towards the last years that Principal 
Adamson was at the head of the College, and during 
all the time that Mr. Robert Leighton was Principal 
But in Principal ColvilTs time there is a note inserted 
in the Admission book, bearing, that the Principal and 
Professors caused the laudable custom by which per- 
sons admitted to the privilege of reading books in the 
Library were obliged to subscribe the usual laws, and 
which had been intermitted for many years on ac- 
count of the war, to be revived on the llth of 
December 1662 ; and they themselves subscribed on 
that day, viz. : 

William Colvill, Principal. 
William Keith, Professor of Divinity. 
Alexander Dickson, Professor of Hebrew, 
William Tweedie, -\ 

James Pillans, ( 

> Professors of Philosophy. 
John Wishart, ( 

Hugh Smith, 



354 HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 

Also, 

William Gumming, Professor of Humanity, on the 28th 

February 1G63. 
And afterwards, 

Thomas Bell, and 

William Henderson, Librarian. 1 

, Mr. William Henderson discharged the office of sole 
a, Librarian till 1684, when his son, MR. EOBERT HEN 

Librarian. ' 7 

DERSON, was elected on the 21st of November, either 
in conjunction with him, or his sole successor, though 
more probably in the former way. 

Mr. Robert Henderson continued in office as Libra- 
rian till the 25th of March 1747, a period of sixty-two 
years, much longer than any of his predecessors, or than 
any Professor had ever continued in the College of Edin- 
burgh. He had received an academical education, as 
appears from his having taken the degree of A.M. on 
the 28th of November 1683. When Mr. John Drum- 
mond, Professor of Humanity, was deprived of that 
office by the Parliamentary Visitors on the 25th of 
September 1690, Mr. Henderson appeared, as one of 
the candidates to succeed him, at the comparative 
trial held on the 5th of November the same year. 
There were four other candidates, one of whom, Mr. 
Laurence Dundas, proved successful. 

i See the Book. 



PKOFESSORS OF HUMANITY. 

IN the year *590, in consequence of a consultation 
held between the Lords of Session and the Town- 
Council of Edinburgh, a contract was entered into, by 
which it was stipulated that the Lords of Session in 
the first place, the Town-Council in the second, and 
the Faculty of Advocates and Clerks to the Signet in 
the third, should contribute, each of the three parties, 
1000 pounds Scots, making up the sum of 3000 pounds, 
for which the Town-Council obliged themselves to pay 
300 pounds per annum for maintaining a Professor of 
Laws. In consequence of this agreement Mr. Adam 
Newton, Advocate, began to give lectures in the 
College publicly on the Latin language, or, as it was 
called, Humanity, probably with a view to prepare 
the students for the study of the Civil Law. But 
having entered upon his office without a due attention 
to the Town- Council, who are the general patrons of 
the University, and supposing, as it should seem, that 
the authority of the other contracting parties was suffi- 
cient, he was, on the 19th of June 1594, prohibited 
to teach in the College, after having given lectures for 
three years. In his stead was substituted, by consent 
of all the parties, Sir Adrian Damman, a native of 
Denmark, and then resident at the Court of Scotland, 



356 HISTORY OF THE 

as orator and agent for the estates of the Low Countries. 
This Professor likewise gave lectures only on Humanity, 
making no mention of Law ; and having held the office 
till the year 1597, he then resigned. Upon this the 
three parties entered into a new contract, whereby it 
was agreed that the annual interest of 2000 pounds of 
the stock should be employed for maintaining six 
bursars or scholars ; 50 marks being at that time 
thought sufficient for a provision to each bursar ; and 
the annuity arising from the remaining 1000 pounds 
was allotted as a salary for a private Professor of 
Humanity ; the other four Regents or Professors of 
Philosophy having at that time no more salary than 100 
pounds per annum each. It was agreed, at the same 
time, that this Professor of Humanity should be 
elected by six delegates, whereof two should be for 
the Lords of Session, two for the Town-Council, one 
for the Faculty of Advocates, and one for the Writers 
to the Signet, using the advice of the Principal of the 
College. 
i**7. MR. JOHN RAY, a native of Angus, a person well 

er. . . 

S/IilS advanced in life, who had great expenence m teaching 
Jtawity of privately, and who was esteemed well skilled in the 
Latin tongue, 1 was, on the 28th of December 1597, 
unanimously chosen, and was the first Professor of 
Humanity in the University of Edinburgh. He not 
only taught a private class, but frequently gave lectures 
on Humanity publicly. After he had held the office in 

l"He bad been employed in <li- in the family of Mr. Alexander Outline, 

veni private charge* before bis coming Town-Clerk, attending bis 

to the College, and thereby well seen Crawford's History of the University 

in Humanity ; and at that time he was of Edinburgh, p. 41.] 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 357 

the University for upwards of ten years, upon the re- 
signation of Mr. Alexander Hume, Eector of the High 
School of Edinburgh, 1 he preferred that charge to the 
Professorship of Humanity in the College, and was 
translated thither in October 1606, where he con- 
tinued till his death, which took place in February 
1630; almost twenty-four years. 2 

MR. BLASE COLT, son of Mr. Oliver Colt, Advocate, leoe. 

' ' Mr. Blase 

a young man greatly distinguished for his knowledge 
not only of the Latin, but the Greek tongue, was 
elected Professor of Humanity, instead of Mr. John 
Kay, by the Lords of Session, Town-Council, Advo- 
cates and Writers to the Signet, on the 5th of De- 
cember 1606. He died in the year 1611, much 
regretted, being greatly esteemed for his learning and 
the politeness of his manners, and was succeeded by 
his eldest brother, 

MR. OLIVER COLT, Advocate, who, after many Mr 
years practice of the Law, to which he had been bred, professor. 
became wearied of that profession, and was unani- 
mously chosen Professor of Humanity in place of his 
younger brother. But he did not long continue in 
that office. Having studied Divinity, he received a 
call to be minister of Holyrood-house, and resigned 

i [Hume had been Rector of the High a " tribute to the memory of his much- 
School "ten years, with great commen- loving and beloved master." The fol- 
dation of the truly learned." Craw- lowing are the concluding lines : 
ford's History of the University of Bright RAY of learning, which so clear 
Edinburgh, p. 64. See also Dr. Ste- didst stream, 

ven's History of the High School of Farewell, soul which so many souls did 

Edinburgh.] frame. 

2 [See p. 93 ; also Crawford's History Man Y Olympiades about shall come, 

of the University of Edinburgh, p. 117* Ere earth like thee another can entomb." 

William Drummond of Hawthorn- Drummond's Poems, Maitland Club 

den, who had studied under Ray, wrote edition, p. 400.] 



358 HISTORY OF THE 

his Professorship in the month of November of the 
same year 1611. 

.,. MR. RORERT BURNET, son to Burnet of Barns in 
Bo^eL Tweeddale, was, by comparative trial, elected to suc- 

f.mrth Pro- * 

ceed Mr. Oliver Colt, His only competitor was 
Galbraith, son of Valentine Galbraith, burgess of 
Edinburgh ; and the candidates appearing to the 
judges to be equally well qualified, the affair was 
decided by lot, in consequence of which Mr. Burnet 
was preferred. How long he held the office does not 
appear, but he was succeeded by 

Mr Andrew MR. ANDREW STEVENSON, son to a burgess of Edin- 
SSor* * burgh of the same name, who had, in the year 1611, 
been chosen, by comparative trial, Regent or Pro- 
fessor of Philosophy in place of Mr. Andrew Young, 
who was afflicted by a disease that threatened to be 
very lingering. But he obtained the office upon con- 
dition that he should retire, in case Mr. Young should 
recover his health ; and Mr. Young having actually 
recovered, resumed his office accordingly. Mr. Ste- 
venson, who retired for some time, afterwards suc- 
ceeded Mr. Burnet in the Professorship of Humanity, 
which office he held at the time of Mr. Young's death 
in the year 1623 ; and then he succeeded him n^ain, 
after an interval of twelve years, as one of the Pro- 
fessors of Philosophy, which occasioned a vacancy in 
the Professorship of Humanity. 
,,. ; MR. SAMUEL RUTHERFORD having stood a com- 

\lr Hnfim -1 

Ux.'h'r'r ' ' parative trial, was preferred to the office of Professor 
I Mum unity in the year 1623, the same year in 
\vhirli tin- vK-l. mled Mr. John Adamson was chosen 






UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 359 

Principal of the College. He held the Professorship 
only till about the end of the year 1625, when he 
found it prudent to resign. 

MR. THOMAS CRAWFORD, after a very strict com- im. 

Mr. Thomas 

parative trial, next obtained, on the 29th of March 1626, gSS** 
this office, which he held till the death of Mr. John *"**"* 
Kay, Eector of the High School, and formerly Pro- 
fessor of Humanity in the College, in February 1630; 
and then the Council elected him successor to Mr. 
Ray in the charge of the High School, from whence 
he was again translated to the College, where he held 
the offices of Eegent in Philosophy, and also Pro- 
fessor of Mathematics, with great reputation for many 
years. 

MR. JOHN ARMOUR was, by comparative trial, iw. 
chosen, on the 12th of March 1630, to succeed Mr. A^ 

eighth 

Crawford in the Professorship of Humanity ; which he Pl 
held till the month of December 1633, when he was 
called to a Professorship of Philosophy at St. Andrews. 

MR. ALEXANDER GIBSON, the son of a Writer, was 1633 
next chosen, being favoured by the Episcopal faction, SfeGfe. 

. T , , son, ninth 

which had then become very powerful, and preferred Professor. 
by them to another candidate, Mr. Archibald Newton, 
son to a burgess of Edinburgh, who was known to be 
of far superior ability to the successful candidate. 
Mr. Gibson was elected to the office on the 21st 
of December 1633. But, in October 1636, to the 
surprise of his friends, he accepted of a call to be 
master of the grammar-school of the Canongate. 

Mr. JAMES WISEMAN, master of the grammar-school 
at Linlithgow, offered himself as a candidate to sue- 



360 HISTORY OF THE 

lose, ceed to the vacant Professorship of Humanity ; and, 
wise J m"n, s tnere being no competitor, he was admitted to that 
office on the llth of November 1636 ; which again 
became vacant on the 10th of November 1638, Mr. 
Wiseman having been then appointed one of the Pro- 
fessors of Philosophy. 

less. MR. ROBERT YouNG, 1 who had attained the degree 

Nov. 14. 

Yo r ui! bert of Master of Arts at Glasgow, was next chosen, after 
a comparative trial, Professor of Humanity, on the 
16th of November 1638. After holding the office for 
five years, being esteemed an eloquent preacher, he 
was presented by the Town-Council to the church of 
Dumbarney, in the year 1644. 

1644 MR. JAMES PILLANS, son of a citizen of Edinburgh, 
after a, strict comparative trial, was chosen to succeed 

professor. jyj f R b er t Young, and was Professor of Humanity 
till November 29th in the year 1652, when he was 
chosen one of the four Philosophy Professors, in the 
room of Mr. Andrew Suttie. 

MR. JOHN WISHART was elected Professor of Hu- 

Mr .Mm 

manity on the 9th of March 1653, in place of Mr. 
James Pillans chosen a Regent of Philosophy ; but he 
probably held the office no longer than about the end 
of the session ; for, in October of this same year, we 
find by the College Register that he had the charge 
of the Bejan class in place of Mr. Duncan Forrester. 
MR. WILLIAM FORBES was chosen to succeed Mr. 

""' AIT' 

, h John Wishart, probably about the beginning of tli. 
r 2 1654 ; and, on the 7th of March 1656, he was 

9ootO Mr. Andrew Youiitf, late 8 [M:irrli l>t. T<m n ( 'nunn: 

iiiinMrrnt Alinvnni." I'nnvford II <>|,K] 

of the University, p. 134.] 






UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 361 

appointed Regent of Philosophy in place of Mr. James 
Wiseman deceased. The office of Professor of Hu- 
manity being thus vacant, the Town-Council, upon 
the 2d of April 1656, appointed Mr. John Jossie and 
Mr. Thomas Kincaid to wait on the College of Justice, 
joint patrons with them of this Professorship, and 
inform them that several persons had suggested the 
propriety of taking this opportunity of abolishing the 
office of Professor of Humanity, as prejudicial not 
only to the grammar-school but to the College itself ; 
and they proposed that the salary should be applied 
to some other purpose for the advancement of learn- 
ing. But it should seem that the College of Justice 
were not of this opinion ; for we find that the Town- 
Council, on the llth of the same month, received and 
admitted Mr. John Cruickshanks to be Master of the 
Humanity class till the beginning of the ensuing 
August, when the session was to conclude ; and, on 
the 3d of the ensuing October, a consultation was held 
by the Town-Council and College of Justice about 
the Humanity class, the result of which was a reso- 
lution to hold a comparative trial for a new Professor. 
MR. JAMES M'GowAN, in consequence of being most lese. 

Mr. James 

approved by the judges in the comparative trial, was, JSth 1 ' 
on the 14th of November, elected, and was the fif- 
teenth Professor of Humanity in the College of Edin- 
burgh. But he remained in the office only for about 
two years; for, on the 15th of October 1658, he 
appeared before the Town- Council, attended by Mr. 
James Pillans and Mr. William Tweedie, two of the 
Philosophy Regents, and, on account of sickness, re- 



362 HISTORY OF THE 

signed his office, by delivering a pen into the hand of 
the Provost. On the 1 7th of November, a report was 
made to the Town-Council that their Commissioners 
had met in the College, with Judge Mosley and Judge 
Ker, and Alexander Nisbet, W.S. (Mr. John Nisbet, 
Advocate, being absent), and had chosen Mr. Hugh 
Smith Professor of Humanity. 

MR. HUGH SMITH was chosen, November 17, 1658, 
m Pl ace f ^ r> J 311168 M'Gown resigned, but not by 

8801 comparative trial. He held the Professorship of 
Humanity till the 29th of October 1662, when he re- 
signed ; and on the 1st of December he was elected 
by the Council to succeed the celebrated Mr. Thomas 
Crawford as one of the Professors of Philosophy, 
upon an ample and honourable recommendation by 
his colleagues. He did not, however, survive this last 
choice three years, having died of a hectic fever about 
the middle of August 1665. 

i,. MR. WILLIAM GUMMING was chosen to succeed Mr. 
Hugh Smith, after a very strict comparative trial, on 
the 16th of February 1663, and was the seventeenth 
Professor of Humanity. A particular account of this 
trial, expressed in elegant Latin, is preserved in ,m 
imperfect record extant in the public Library, en- 
titled " Tabulae petentium ot adeuntium Professiones 
imblinis in Academia Jacobi Regis Edinburgeua, post 
incuntcm annum Domini 1663." And, as it shows 
(lie form of proceeding adopted also in other cases 
>l this kind, it may be considered as a piece of curious 
information. It is in suKstamv ,-is follows : 

n n>ti<-< Ix-ii M ..f ;i \;ir;inry in tin- I' 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 363 

fessorship of Humanity to the College of Justice, who 
(in consequence of the original contract entered into 
with the Town-Council, vesting in them two-thirds 
of the patronage of this office) are concerned in sup- 
plying such a vacancy, they delegated four of their 
number, according to the different ranks of which 
their body consists ; and the Town-Council also dele- 
gated two out of their own number. On this occasion 
the two named by the Lords of Session were Sir 
James Robertoun of Bedley, and Sir David Nevoy of 
Reidy, knights ; by the Town-Council, Robert Sandi- 
lands, Dean of Guild, and John Milne, chief of the 
King's masons ; by the Faculty of Advocates, Mr. 
John Ellis, their Dean ; and by the Writers, Mr. Wil- 
liam Sharp, Keeper of the Signet. These six dele- 
gates, after consulting together, appointed a meeting 
to be held on the 1st of January 1663, in the upper 
hall of the University. There, in presence of the Lord 
Provost and others of the Town-Council, who ap- 
peared in right of their general patronage of the 
University, for the interest of the City and Univer- 
sity, after prayer, according to custom, the fore- 
mentioned judges first inquired of the Rev. Mr. Wil- 
liam Colvill, Principal of the College, concerning the 
usual style and manner of substituting a Professor of 
Humanity. Upon this he desired the Regents who, 
from frequent practice, were well acquainted with all 
these circumstances, to give a distinct and candid 
account of them. After this the judges, with the 
approbation of the Lord Provost, ordained that by a 
program to be affixed, as soon as possible, in all the 



364 HISTORY OF THE 

cities being seats of Universities in this kingdom, and 
in all the Universities themselves, notice should be 
given to all who were skilled in Philology, that the 
Professorship thereof in this place, now vacant, would 
most certainly be conferred on the person who, after 
producing proper certificates of his character by those 
acquainted with him, and submitting to the trial pre- 
scribed by the judges against the 9th of February 
next, should obtain their highest approbation in point 
of erudition and moral character. Copies of the pro- 
gram were undertaken to be sent to Aberdeen by the 
Lord Provost ; to Glasgow by Lord Bedley ; and to 
St. Andrews by Mr. Sharp ; which was done by them 
accordingly. 

" On the 9th of February, in the place appointed, 
appeared seven young men, and declared themselves 
candidates for the vacant office, upon the terms pro- 
posed ; and wrote down their names, not in any par- 
ticular order, but as each happened to stand nearest, 
as follows : 

1. Mr. Robert Baron. 5. Mr. John Law. 

2. Mr. William Turner. 3. Mr. William Gumming. 
7. Mr. Thomas BelL G. Mr. Robert Hume. 

4. Mr. Humphrey Galbraith. 

"The candidates being then ordered to withdraw 
into the Library, the judges agreed that on the 12th 
of the same month, in the lower hall of the University, 
the said candidates should be required, by way of 
public exhibition of their skill in polite literature 
(without prejudice of the private examination after- 
wards t<> !> enjoined), in presence of all the ];itrn> 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 365 

of such literature to be convened thither by program, 
to illustrate in a short and perspicuous Latin para- 
phrase, with apt observations, the prologue to the 
Satires of Persius, each of them being allowed one 
half-hour by the glass and no more. The candidates 
being called back, the Eev. Principal stated to them 
the whole method and rules of the future examination ; 
and upon their assenting to the proposals, they were 
commanded to decide by lot the order in which they 
were to.be called upon at the examination; and the 
lots happened according to the figures prefixed as 
above to their names ; after which this meeting was 
closed with prayer. 

" On the 12th of February all the candidates 
appeared, except Mr. Bell, who was detained by the 
death of his father, a respectable citizen. On this 
account, his examination, at his own request, was put 
off till the 16th of the same month. Eobert Hume, 
likewise, who had waited his turn for three hours and 
a half, being taken suddenly ill, obtained the same 
favour with Mr. Bell. 

"On the 16th, accordingly, Hume first, and then 
Bell, performed the public exercise prescribed to the 
candidates. Upon this, the meeting being dismissed, 
the Lord Provost, with the judges, the Principal, and 
several of the Council and ministers of the city, the 
Regents, with the seven candidates, went up by them- 
selves into the upper hall. Then the candidates, con- 
ducted by one of the Regents, were desired to retire 
into the Library, from whence, after consultation held 
among the judges, each, according to the order formerly 



366 HISTORY OF THE 

decided by lot, was introduced separately by the Re- 
gent ; when a private exercise was prescribed to them, 
first of Latin, consisting of a passage of Apuleius, to be 
turned into Scots ; and then of Greek, consisting of a 
passage of Isocrates, to be turned into Latin. When 
each in order had performed this task, they were all 
desired to return to the Library. Then, after delibera- 
tion among the judges for the purpose of ascertaining 
the most meritorious candidate, it was agreed that 
they should all at once be summoned again into tin- 
hall ; and that the thanks of the meeting should be 
given to them in polite terms by the Principal, for 
the great ardour they had displayed in the cause of 
elegant literature ; and that he should assure them that 
each of them deserved to fill an academical chair, but 
as there was only one vacant, one of them only could 
have it ; and that the judges had thought fit to declare 
in favour of Mr. William Gumming, on account of his 
possessing somewhat of superiority to the other candi- 
dates in point of years and experience ; and that they 
had no doubt but he would prove an ornament to the 
profession which he had thus obtained." 

Mr. Gumming, however, remained in this office only 
about two years ; for, on the 22d of February 1665, 
he was elected Professor of Philosophy, in place of 
Mr. William Tweedie, who had died on the 8th day 
of the same month ; and after discharging the dutie> 
of this last Professorship no longer than towards tin 
conclusion of the session, he accepted an invitation 
IVuiu the Earl of Argyle, about the end of June, to 
under! ,-ikr the education <f liis eldest son, the Lord 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 367 

MR. ANDREW Boss was the next who obtained the 1005. 

Mr. Andrew 



Professorship of Humanity, having been successful in Senth eigl 
a comparative trial with another candidate, whose 
name was Kirkwood. He was chosen March 10, 
1665, but continued in the office no longer than to 
the month of November of the same year 1665, when 
he was promoted to a vacant Professorship of Philo- 
sophy ; an office which he filled only for two years, 
having died in August 1667. 

MR. THOMAS BELL, who had been one of seven ices. 
candidates when Mr. William Gumming proved sue- ^j^J^ 
cessful, appeared again to contend for this office, with processor. 
four new candidates, whose names were George Lan- 
dells, Robert M'Clellan, William Gulon, and Gasper 
Kellie. The judges hesitated for some time betwixt 
Mr. Bell and Mr. M'Clellan. At last, in respect that 
Mr. Bell had appeared to very great advantage on the 
former trial, and was on this occasion fully equal to 
his competitor, and had, besides, the advantage of 
him in point of age, they determined unanimously in 
his favour. He was accordingly elected, December 6, 
1665. Having discharged the duties of this office 
for ten years with great reputation, he died about the 
end of February 1676. 

MR. GILBERT M'MuRDO succeeded Mr. Bell, in con- 1676 
sequence of being found superior to four other candi- 



-i i -i T i i i twentieth 

dates who contended with him on this occasion, on Profef 
the 3d day of April 1676, and was the eighteenth Pro- 
fessor. He remained in this station till the death of 
Mr. John Wood, Professor of Philosophy, which hap- 
pened on the 22d of March 1679, and was on the 2d 






368 HISTORY OF THE 

of April chosen Mr. Wood's successor by the Town- 
Council, upon the recommendation of his colleagues. 
He continued Professor of Philosophy till the time of 
his death, which happened in the year 1683. 
1679. MR. ALEXANDER CUNNINGHAM havinef proved suc- 

Mr. Alex- 3 * 

cessful in a competition with Mr. Eobert Monteith, 
the only other candidate who stood upon this occasion, 
was admitted to the Professorship of Humanity in 
April 1679, and was the 2 1 st Professor. Having taught 
Humanity with great applause about ten years, he 
was then made one of the Professors of Philosophy in 
consequence of the death of Mr. Alexander Cockburn. 
MR. JOHN DRUMMOND was chosen, by the delegates 
appointed by the patrons to fill up this office, on the 
20th of February 1689 ; but on the 25th of September 
the following year he was deposed by the Visitors of 
the University, for refusing to take the oaths of alle- 
giance to King William and Queen Mary; upon which 
a new election was held by comparative trial. 
Mr. !!r- MR. LAURENCE DUNDAS, upon the trial which was 
' held on the 5th of November 1690, was preferred to 

thin I 

wor - other three competitors ; and, on the 28th of the same 
month, he was invested with the office of Professor of 
Humanity. After the year 1708, when a new arrange- 
ment took place respecting the mode of teaching Giv. k 
and Philosophy, it was agreed that the students of the 
Humanity class should be matriculated in the same 
manner with those of Greek and Philosophy, which 
had not formerly been the practice. Accordingly, Mr. 
Dundas's class, which had convened in October 1709, 
w;is matriruhitnl oiithe 1st of March 1710; on which 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 369 

occasion sixty-nine students of Humanity entered their 
names in the Album. Before this period there is no 
record extant of the numbers of students of Humanity 
attending this University. In the class commencing 
in October 1*716, and matriculated on the 26th of 
February 1717, there appear seventy-seven names in 
the list, which seems to be the most numerous class 
ever taught by Mr. Laurence Dundas. It may be 
supposed, however, that several were absent on this 
occasion ; which was probably the case then, as well as 
now, at the matriculation. 

Mr. Dundas taught with great reputation till the 
year 1727, when he resigned. 1 He died near the end 
of the year 1734. He had acquired a considerable 
fortune ; and, among other legacies, he bequeathed 
9000 marks Scots, as a perpetual fund for educating 
three bursars. The deed of Mortification appears in 
the Records of the University for the 26th of May 
1735. 

MR. ADAM WATT was elected Professor of Hnma- 11-27. 

Mr. Adam 

nity in the year 1727, in place of Mr. Laurence Dun-JJJ^. 
das, who had resigned ; and he was the twenty-fourth fwnor. 
Professor. He taught till the time of his death, 
which happened in March 1734. 

MR, JOHN KER, formerly Professor of Greek in i" 84 - 

J Mr. John 

King's College, Aberdeen, 2 being elected by the usual 



fessnr. 



1 [Dundas gave in his resignation, of Edinburgh. He was the author of 
after having taught the class for the " Donaides," and other works. His 
long period of thirty-seven years, in Latin version of the "Can ticum Solo- 
favour of Adam Watt, son of his old moms," Edinb. 1727, small 8vo, is in- 
friend, the City clerk of Edinburgh.] eluded in Lander's collection, entitled 

- [Ker had previously been one of the " Poetarum Scotorum Musje Sacroe," 

classical Masters in the High School Edinb. 17-39, 2 vols. 8vo.] 

2 A 



370 HISTORY OF THE 

delegates from the College of Justice and Town-Coun- 
cil, to succeed Mr. Adam Watt, deceased, was, by the 
Lord Provost in person, attended by several of the 
Magistrates, presented to the Senatus Academicus on 
the 4th of October 1734. He taught till the time of 
his death, which happened on the 19th of November 
1741 ; and, at a meeting of the Senatus Academicus, 
held on the 20th, his son was desired to teach the 
class till it should be otherwise supplied. 
1741. MR. GEORGE STUART having been elected by the 

rge c . 

hv.'n'ty usual delegates Professor of Humanity, in place of Mr. 
Ker, deceased, and Mr. Kobert Hunter having been 
elected by the Town-Council Professor of Greek, they 
were both on the same day, being the 1 7th of Decem- 
ber 1741, introduced into the Senatus Academicus, by 
the College Bailie, the Dean of Guild, and several of 
the Council ; but before their commissions were read, 
the Rev. Dr. William Wishart, Principal, in his own 
name and in that of his colleagues, signified to the de- 
puties from the Council, that, whereas it had been the 
constant custom, that before the presenting any per- 
sons elected to such offices in this University, the 
Professors were required to take trial of them, ami 
make a report to the Magistrates and Council of their 
sufficiency ; this having been omitted in the present 
case, the Masters of the University had, by themselves. 
considered the qualifications of tin -se u -ntlemen, ami 
\\.-re content to receive and admit them to the respec- 
tive offices, not only on account of other evidences 
they had of their qualifications, lut particularly as 
Mr. HmihT was in the practice of teaching Greek sue- 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 371 

cessfully, and Mr. Stuart had been in the like practice 
of teaching Latin ; but that they found it incumbent 
upon them to insist that this should be no precedent 
in prejudice of their right of trying persons chosen to 
the like offices in time coming, and rejecting any who 
upon such trial should be found insufficient. After 
this, the commissions being read, they were received 
and admitted to their respective offices, by the Senatus 
Academicus, in the usual manner. 



APPENDIX. 



i. 

ELEGIAC VERSES TO THE MEMORY OF PRINCIPAL 
EOLLOCK. (Page 39.) 

THE authors of these verses, written all in Latin, except one copy in 
Greek by Mr. Henry Charteris, were, Mr. Robert Pont, minister 
of St. Cuthbert's Church, Edinburgh; Mr. Alexander Ruthven, 
brother to the Earl of Gowrie ; Sir Adrian Damman of Bysterveldt, 
who had taught Humanity for several years in the College; Mr. 
Thomas Craig; Mr. John Johnstone ; Mr. Henry Charteris, Rol- 
lock's successor; Mr. William Craig, Professor of Philosophy ; Mr. 
John Adamson, afterwards Principal; Mr. David Barclay; Mr. John 
Ray, Professor of Humanity; Mr. George Greir; Mr. William Arthur; 
Mr. Thomas Bellenden ; Mr. John Scott ; Mr. Nathaniel Udward ; 
Mr. George Douglas ; Mr. David Hume ; Mr. Alexander Hume ; 
and Mr. Hercules Rollock. These verses are subjoined to the 
Latin Account of Rollock's Life and Death, written by Mr. George 
Robertson, Professor of Philosophy, and afterwards one of the 
ministers of Edinburgh. [It has the following title : " Vitse et 
mortis D. Roberti Rolloci Scoti narratio. Scripta per Georgium 
Robertsonum. Adjectis in eundem quorundam Epitaphiis. Edin- 
burgi, apud Henricum Charteris, 1599." 12mo.] The verses 
themselves are certainly not inferior to any of the kind composed 
by scholars in other countries of Europe at that period, which was 
the age of modern Latin Poetry. Buchanan, who had died the 
very year before Rollock began to teach in the College of Edin- 
burgh, had been styled, by the universal suffrage of the learned, 
" Poetarum sui seculi facile princeps." As Robertson's Account 
of Rollock's Life and Death is now extremely scarce, I shall 
subjoin a specimen of these verses : 

DE me, deque ineo meruit tua fratre voluntas, 
De te verum index ut moriente loquar. 



374 APPENDIX. 

Nobiscum hunc orbem donee, Rolloce, tenebas, 

Mortales inter Numinis instar eras. 
Morte (quod optabas) idem nunc additus astris, 

Implebis merita laude superstes huraum. 

M. A. RUTH YEN us. 



' alvovs eu^i>s afevra irbvovs 
' avapavra. 0<?ou /SoiJX^crts avuyev 



dxf>\T)<rav paiveu> M 5i5(r/3ara, 
j, K6<r/J.os, Tra.vTo5a.irai, r' aperal. 
Kal irporepbv 7' IKCIV fk ovpavov tirprir' d\i)0ovs 
'AXXoi/j irai$ev<rav& ayva AcAei/^a irareiv. 

HENRICUS CHAKTEKISICS. 

ALIUD. 

DUM vitam ambiret, toto vivebat in orbe 

Rollocus, soils qua micat igne globus. 
Vidit et ingemuit, non hsec mea vita, nee orbis 

Jure, inquit, civem me ferat esse suum. 
Vita mini est Christus, coslum est mea patria, cunctae 

Res mundi mihi sunt stercora, damna, nihil. 
Audiit hos gemitus summa qui spectat ab arce : 

Ergo veni in patriam, mox ait, ergo veni. 
Jam jam adeunda tibi est fulgentis regia cceli ; 

Ut vita optata sic potiaris ovans. 

ALIUD. 

QU^IRIS viator tumulus iste quern tegat ? 
Nemo referre posset hoc plene tibi. 
Audire verbo si tamen verum cupis t 
Operta virtus omnis hoc cippo jacet. 

HKNRICUS CHARTERISIUS. 

M. A. Ruthvcnus, the author of the first of these pieces, was 
Mr. Alexander Ruthven, third son to the first, and brotlu-r to tlu> 
second Earl of Gowric. The mention made of his brother's obli- 
gation to Rollock, as well as his own, is a proof of this, as they 
both studied at the College of Edinburgh, and took the Master's 
degree ; the Earl on the 12th of August 15 ( .>,'). in >lr. Forme's class ; 
and Alexander on the 29th of July 1598, in Mr. Chartcris's class. 
M. prefixed to his name is for " Magister," which then only those 
\\liu took the degree were calK-d. 



APPENDIX. 375 

[It is surprising that Professor Dalzel should have overlooked a 
manuscript volume in the University Library which contains a Life of 
Rollock, evidently prepared for the press by his colleague, Henry 
Charteris, who succeeded him as Principal. It is added to a Com- 
mentary on the First Epistle of Peter, by Rollock, revised and 
completed by Charteris in 1627. It also includes the elegiac verses 
above mentioned, with the exception of the lines quoted by Alex- 
ander Ruthven, which, no doubt, were purposely omitted, but with 
additional verses by Mr. Robert Boyd, Mr. William Hart, Mr. 
George Thomson, Mr. John Douglas, Mr. James Coldin, Mr. 
Adam Abernethy, and Mr. Andrew Melville. This Life was first 
printed in 1826, for the Bannatyne Club, as the sequel to a reprint 
of Robertson's Nar ratio, 1599, along with the complete series of 
these elegiac verses. The Life by Charteris was again printed, with 
a translation by Mr. W. M. Gunn, in the first volume of Rollock's 
Select Works, 1849, 8vo, for the Wodrow Society.] 



II. 

THE PRINTED THESES OF THE REGENTS AND STUDENTS 
OF PHILOSOPHY. 

[Professor Dalzel frequently refers to the Philosophical Theses, 
which were printed before the day fixed for the graduation of Mas- 
ters of Arts. No complete series of these Theses exists ; and the 
earliest one that has been discovered is that for the year 1596. In 
1599 and subsequent years, the names of the candidates, as well as 
of the presiding Regent, are affixed, with a dedication to the Provost 
and Magistrates of Edinburgh, or to some person of distinction. Till 
1632, these Theses were printed in quarto, with the exception of two 
in small folio. Some of the following years have not been met with; 
but from 1641 till the close of the seventeenth century, the form usually 
adopted (known as broadsides, from being printed only on one side 
of the leaf) was a folio sheet in small type, and in two or more 
columns. The quarto size was again resumed, for a few years, be- 
fore the change in the course of study, which took place in 1708, 
when the custom of public disputations for the honour of A.M. was 
laid aside ; although occasionally persons ambitious of distinction 
prepared a separate philosophical dissertation on some subject of 
Philosophy, which was printed in the same quarto form. 

From the Register of Laureations, mentioned at page 17, by Pro- 



376 APPENDIX. 

fessor Dalzel, compared with the names which appear in the various 
printed Theses alluded to, the Editor of this work prepared " A 
Catalogue of the Graduates in the Faculties of Arts, Divinity, and 
Law, of the University of Edinburgh, since its Foundation. Edin- 
burgh : 1858." 8vo. It may be added, that a similar Catalogue of 
the Edinburgh Graduates in Medicine, from the institution of the 
Medical Faculty in 1726, had previously been printed. As each 
candidate was required to submit a dissertation on some particular 
topic, and being uniformly printed in an octavo size (excepting the 
earlier ones), the collection, during the course of upwards of 130 
years, forms a most voluminous series. The subject of each Thesis 
is specified in the printed lists of the Medical Graduates.] 



III. 

THE DISCIPLINE OF THE COLLEGE OF EDINBURGH, DECKMBKR 
3, 1628: WHEREIN is CONTAINED THE OFFICES AND 
DUTIES OF THE PROFESSORS, MASTERS, SCHOLARS, BUR- 
SARS, AND SERVANTS, AS IT HAS BEEN OBSERVED MANY 
YEARS AGO. (Page 91.) 

THE ORDER OF THE FIRST YEAR. 

In the beginning of October the entrant students to the discip- 
line of the College are exercised in Latin authors, chiefly in Cicero, 
and turning of Scots into Latin and Latin into Scots ; and the 
Regent is to examine these versions both in the etymology, construc- 
tion, and in the right writing of them, until the IVimar give and 
examine a common theme. 

The common theme being examined, Clenard's Greek Grammar 
it Continually taught, in which, when they come to the annotations 
on the nouns, the practice of the rules is joined with the Grammar 
out of some part of the New Testament. Then are taught the first 
and second orations of Isocrates, and also one or two others of the 
Mine author, and of the poets, Phocilides, the first book of Htv-il. 
with some books of Homer. 

About the middle of May are taught llamus's Logics, and with 
tli Logics^ some Latin themes to be turned into Greek, ami some 
in <livek tn l>e turned into Latin. 

What they hear at the beginning out >!' tin- New '! \ -.-lament, the 



APPENDIX. 377 

first oration of Isocrates and Phocilides. or the first book of Hesiod, 
they commit to memory ; and what is taught during the week they 
repeat on the Saturday mornings with a clear voice in the Master's 
audience ; on that same day they dispute betwixt ten and twelve 
o'clock. On the morning of the Lord's day the Catechism is 
taught. 

THE ORDER OF THE SECOND YEAR. 

From the beginning of October they are exercised in repeating 
those things which were taught in the former year ; and near the 
end of October they are examined on the same. 

The examinations being ended, they are examined in themes and 
versions, until the Greek theme be taught by the Primar ; which 
uses to be taught the day after the common theme (foresaid) is 
given. 

After the Greek theme is taught Talseus' Rhetoric with Cassan- 
der, or the like, together with Apthonius's Progymnasmata. After- 
wards they make orations to exercise their style in Logic and 
Rhetoric. 

In the beginning of January Aristotle's Organon is begun to be 
taught, beginning at Porphyry's Isagoge ; and in that year are 
taught the books of the Categories on the Interpretation of the 
Prior Analytics, the first, second, and eight of the Topics, and the 
two books of Sophistics. 

In the end of the year is taught a coinpend of Arithmetic. 

On the Saturday they dispute on Logic theses in their private 
schools. But on the first Saturday of May, at three o'clock in the 
afternoon, they begin to have orations in public ; and they have 
each days appointed, until all of them have declaimed before the 
end of the year. 

On the Lord's day, in the morning, the Regent goes on in the 
explication of the Catechism. 

THE ORDER OF THE THIRD CLASS. 

In the beginning of the third year, they repeat what was taught 
in the former year, until the examinations. 

After the examinations, the Regent teaches his scholars the 
Hebrew Grammar, and exercises them in Logical analysis and 
Rhetoric, in what authors he thinks best, until a public examina- 
tion of their progress in analysis is made by the Primar ; which 
usually takes place the day after the Greek theme (foresaid) is 
given and examined. 



378 APPENDIX. 

The trial of their ability in analysis being made, the Regent goes 
on to teach his scholars the two books of the Posteriores in the 
Logics, and then teaches the first, second, the half of the third, the 
fifth and sixth books of the Ethics, afterwards the five first books of 
the Acroamatics (or general Physics), and teaches a short compend 
of the three last. 

In the end of the year the anatomy of the human body is de- 
scribed. 

On the Saturdays they dispute in their private schools on theses 
which the Regent prescribes out of those things which they have 
heard. 

On the Lord's day, some commonplace of Divinity is taught. 

THE ORDER OF THE FOURTH CLASS. 

In the beginning of the fourth year, after the vacation, all those 
things which were formerly learned are repeated, until the two in- 
ferior classes be examined. 

The examinations being ended, they begin the books de Coelo 
(i.e., concerning the heavens), and the Regent teaches the first 
book, the greater part of the second and fourth ; which being per- 
fected, the Sphere of John de Sacrobosco is taught, with some 
theorems of the planets, to the fourth chapter ; as also the more 
notable constellations are shown in the book, in the Celestial Globe, 
and in the heavens. 

Then are taught most exactly the books de Ortu (i.e., of genera- 
tion), and the books de Meteoris, as much as sufficeth. Then are 
taught the three books de Aiiima (i.e., concerning the soul). 

In the beginning of May they begin to repeat all those things 
learned in the Logics and Philosophy. 

In the time of the repetitions Hunter's Cosmography is taught ; 
and afterwards they are exercised in disputing, chiefly on the 
theses, which they are publicly to defend at the laureation. 

On the Lord's day, in the morning, they are exercised in common- 
places of Theology, and on the most necessary controversies. 

The Bachelors, after they have learned in the third year the 
lir>t four chapters of the first book de Demonstratione, convene in 
tin- Magistrand school at five o'clock at night, and there dispute 
with the Magistrands, every one of them having a Magistrand tor 
his antagonist, the choice l.eiiiir made by the lieL'ents. who likewise 
pn-nil" tlie matter of disputation, ami .-<> lliey e\nvi>e llinn.-rh - 
till six 



APPENDIX. 379 

In like manner, upon the Saturdays from ten o'clock, all the 
three superior classes dispute in the public schools ; the Magis- 
traiids first give the theses, then the Bachelors, and thirdly, the 
Semies ; and so by turns in circle. These public disputations are 
begun so soon as the Semies have learned Porphyry's Isagoge, from 
whence the matter of disputation is taken. 

These disputations are continued until the examination_of the 
Magistrands. 

THE ORDER OP THE HUMANITY CLASS. 

In this class are taught classic and historical authors, orators, 
poets. They translate themes out of Latin into Scots and from 
Scots into Latin. They are also sometimes exercised in making 
of verses. In the morning they repeat their task in the Grammar, 
and also Talaeus' Rhetoric uses to be taught, both for the precepts 
and the illustrious examples. 

The University being dismissed, and the Magistrands laureat, 
they learn somewhat of the Greek, that they may learn to decline 
and conjugate, and so they are exercised to the month of September. 

On the Lord's day they learn the Catechism ; on the Saturdays 
some of Buchanan's psalms are taught; and an account of their 
prelections is rendered upon Monday morning. 

The vacation being ended, they are examined by the Regents 
both in those things they have learned, and in those things which 
they have added by their own private studies. 

THE ORDER OF THE EXAMINATIONS. 

The first class is examined by three Regents, whereof one 
examineth the prose, another the poesy, the third the Logics ; and 
not only do they use to make trial of those things which were 
taught, but also of those things which every one has added by his 
own proper and private studies. 

The second class likewise is examined by three Regents of those 
things which were learned the former year. The first examinator 
makes a trial of each in Porphyry's Isagoge and the Categories ; 
the second in the book de Interpretatione and the prior Analytics ; 
the third in the Topics and Sophistics. 

This examination being ended, the highest class undergoes 
examination of all those things which they have formerly learned 
in Aristotle. Every one of them i,s examined by each of the three 



380 APPENDIX. 

Kegents of the inferior classes. After this order, the first Regent 
makes trial, in the first place, in the common parts of Logic ; the 
second, in the posterior Analytics ; the third, in the Topics and 
Sophistical Captions. In the next place, the first Regent makes 
trial in the two books of general Physics ; the second, in the other 
three books ; and the third, in the Ethics. 

In the end of the year they are again examined before the 
Laureation by the four Regents, the Regent of the Humanity class 
being joined to the former three. And each of the four Regents 
examines each student twice. In the first place, the first of the 
four Regents examines on the common part of the Logics ; tin- 
second, on the books de Demonstratione ; the third, on the Topics 
and Sophistics ; and the fourth, on the Ethics. The second time, 
the first makes examination on the common part of the Physics ; 
the second, on the books de Coelo (/.., concerning the heavens), 
and the Sphere ; the third, on de Ortu (i.e., concerning the genera- 
tion or original of all things), and of the Meteors ; and the fourth, 
de Anima (i.e., concerning the soul). 

Before the examination of the Magistrands, the Town- Council 
is pre-admonished by the Primar, that they may send some grave 
men with the Rector, who, together with the Primar, shall take an 
oath of every one of the examinators, defideli administratione, and 
that, without respect of persons, they shall assign to every one his 
deserved degree of honour in the public laureation ; and who shall 
bind the Magistrands also by an oath, that each of them shall be 
content with that degree and place to which he shall be appointed 
by the Primar and Examinators ; with this certification, that he 
who carries himself stubbornly and forwardly, and betrays any 
outrageous passion of mind, shall be immediately thrust out with 
ignominy, and shall not be permitted to enter the public solemnity, 
nor shall be laureat. 

TIIK TIME OF CONVENING AFTER THE VACATION. 

They return to the College after the vacation in the beginning 
<>t' ( K-tober. 

THE OFFICE OF I'KI.MAK. 

The vacation being ended, the Primar calls the Regents to him. 
tint, without delay, they may return to their office and trust, and 
thsit. with common consent, they may advise and deliberate upon 
things that are most advantageous or conduciblc to the good 



APPENDIX. 381 

of the University ; what is to be renewed ; and what is further to 
be appointed for preserving the order and discipline thereof. 

It is his part, not only immediately after the vacation, but also 
at all other times needful, to call the Regents together, that by their 
mutual counsel they may restore or add vigour to the practice of 
those things which are fallen out of use, or may appoint new things 
which they find requisite for the better discipline of the College ; 
of which the Primar is to let the Council know, that it may be 
further approven and confirmed. It is his office also to admonish 
the bursars, janitor, and all others belonging to the University, of 
their duties. 

To take heed to the College, to see that the scholars be diligently 
exercised, and to visit the schools as often as there is need. If any 
of the scholars is guilty of obstinacy or rebellion against his Master 
or Regent, the Primar is so to correct and chastise him, that reve- 
rence and respect may from thence be bred in others. 

He ought to take care that grievous and scandalous faults be 
punished, in the public schools, before the Regents and all the 
scholars. 

At the public meeting of all the scholars at six o'clock at night, 
or four o'clock in the summer in the afternoon, the Primar makes 
public prayers unto God. 

Upon the fourth day of the week, which is called Wednesday, 
at three o'clock in the afternoon, upon the tolling of the bell, the 
scholars convene in the common hall; and there, after a sacred 
lesson, wherein the scholars are instructed to pious duties, the 
censors are examined anent the order which has been observed in 
every class and by every scholar in the week preceding, and that 
according to the prescriptions of their duties ; and new censors are 
appointed. 

The Primar takes care, also, that all entrants be matriculated, and 
each at his matriculation shall solemnly vow and promise obedience 
to the discipline of the College, and to all the Regents or Masters. 

THE OFFICE OF THE PROFESSOR OF THEOLOGY. 

The Professor of Theology must teach the students the right 
method of learning Theology ; what they should read first, or at the 
beginning, and what is necessary afterwards ; and in all things which 
they should chiefly exercise themselves in. He shall teach publicly 
on the Tuesday and Friday, betwixt eleven and twelve in the fore- 
noon : and he shall be present on the Monday at an exercise in 



APPENDIX. 

Scots of the students in Theology. On the Thursdays he shall take 
care that one of the students make trial privately in Latin upon 
some head of Theology, both by teaching and by sustaining theses ; 
the Professor himself, in the meanwhile, moderating in the disputa- 
tions. 

It belongs also to the Professor of Theology to teach something 
of the Hebrew tongue. 

THE OFFICES OR DUTIES OF THE REGENTS AND HEBDOMADAR. 

The Regents, when by humble prayer they have committed them- 
selves and their scholars unto God, respectively teach those things 
which are to be taught ; and then take care that the scholars in 
their several sections confer amongst themselves concerning those 
things which have been taught. 

If they have not taught sufficiently in the morning, they proceed 
further at ten o'clock ; and the rest of the time the scholars confer 
in their several sections or dispute. 

In the afternoon they attend their scholars, that they may confer 
or dispute till four o'clock, and then they examine until six ; but on 
days designed for play or recreation, the scholars go out to the fields 
at two o'clock, and return at four ; and from that time are examined 
till six. But in summer they confer on these things which were 
taught till three ; and from three till four they are examined by the 
Regent ; and from four to six they recreat themselves in the fields. 

On the Saturday, each of the Regents attends the disputations in 
his own class ; in the winter, from seven o'clock in the morning, 
and in the summer, from six till nine ; and, in like manner, from 
ten o'clock in the forenoon till twelve. But in the public disputa- 
tions of the three classes, the Regents, each in his turn, moderate at 
the disputations in the public schools. In the afternoon, they either 
teach or dispute, as it shall seem fit to the Regent, and as the 
St.itutes of the College appoint. 

On the Lord's day, the private lessons being ended, at the second 
bell, they go to the church, four of the Regents going before, and 
the Hebdomadar follows behind. Sermon being ended, and the 
assembly dismissed, in the afternoon they return in order, as they 
went, to their respective schools, where the Regents take an account 
<>f the sermons, and of their morning lessons. 

The students being dismissed, the Regents convene at five o'clock 
in the Hcbdomadar's chamber, that each may report what disorder he 
hns seen in the preceding week, that it may be timcously amended, 



APPENDIX. 383 

and that they may incite and stir up one another mutually to their 
duty, and that they may by all means endeavour to reclaim the 
scholars from disorder, and provoke them to the study of piety and 
good learning. 

All the scholars, by turns, execute the office of Hebdomadar, 
whose duty it is, 

1. To take care that at the public meetings there be no confusion 
or disorder ; and, in like manner, that at the dismission the scholars 
may get out without trouble and disorder. 

2. That, at every hour appointed for meeting, they, immediately 
after the bell, go and visit the classes, and that they take care that 
all the scholars fall readily and cheerfully to their studies. 

3. That, upon play-days, they attend the students to the fields, 
and wait upon them in the fields, and bring them all back in com- 
pany to their schools, and give the names of the absents in every 
class written by the censors to their respective Regents. 

4. To be present at the public lessons, where all the scholars 
ought to be present, and to observe and to delate those who misbe- 
have themselves. 

5. To call the Regents to him at five o'clock at night, upon the 
Lord's day, and to relate to them what fault he has observed in any 
class or scholar, that it may be corrected by the Regent ; and, if 
there be any need of the Primar, to signify it unto him, that, by the 
mutual counsel of the Masters, any damage which, by bad example, 
may redound to the College, may be quickly prevented. 

6. That also, in the Primar's absence, he may, at the dismission 
of the College, make prayers unto God. It is incumbent on the 
Regents to be always intent upon their duty, "but chiefly that none 
be absent in the time of public prayers, nor from a public oration, 
nor from the public account required of the order and discipline. 

Not one of the Regents may absent himself from the College a 
day, without leave asked or given of the Primar ; and that not one 
of them be absent two days, without liberty granted by the Town- 
Council ; and that, in the time of his absence, he provide one in his 
place to attend and teach his class. But it is to be provided, that 
no Regent depute the teaching of his scholars to any who read notes 
out of a book, neither in his own presence nor absence. Regard 
also is to be had that all the Regents behave themselves with all 
reverence and observance towards the Primar ; for he is set over 
them bv the Town-Council. 



384 APPENDIX. 



THE DUTIES OF THE BURSARS. 

To ring the bell at the appointed hours. 

To make clean the stairs which carry up to the schools, from dirt 
and dust with a pedle and besom. 

The hours of convening are six o'clock in the morning in the 
winter, and five in the summer, beginning with May till the vaca- 
tion ; at ten o'clock in the forenoon, and at half-two in the after- 
noon ; at which times and hours it is the bursar's part to ring the 
bell, and two of them are commanded to attend these duties every 
week. 

THE DUTIES OF THE JANITOR. TRANSLATED OUT OF THE OLD 
STATUTES. 

The Janitor ought to wait at the gates continually. 

To open and lock the schools at the appointed hours. 

To close the gate of the College at ten o'clock at night, and to 
open it timeously in the morning. 

To set up a lantern with candles in the porch, and in both the 
trances, higher and lower. 

To sweep the schools three times every week. 

To keep the close clean. 

To see that no damage or harm be done to the fabric of tin- 
College, and if anything be broken or spoiled, to give immediate 
notice to the Primar and Masters, that it may be timeously repaired 
at the expenses of the guilty, and that they may be punished. 

THE DUTIES OF THE SCHOLARS. 

Upon the Lord's day, at seven o clock in the morning, every one 
shall be present in his respective class for hearing of the s-ien-d 
lessons taught. 

At the second bell, with beseeming gravity and modesty, they 
>hall go to the church, and there they shall with all seriou>iM-> ;md 
x \.-rence employ themselves in prayers, praises, and in hearim: 
-.mi.. us . and the church being dismissed in the afternoon, they shall 
n-turn in good order with the Regents to the College, that they may 
give an account of the public sermons, and of their morning 
lessons. 

Upon the Wednesdays, at three o'clock in the afternoon, tin- 
bell being rung, with great modesty and gravity, they shall com ene 



APPENDIX. 385 

in the common hall for receiving a sacred lesson, and for giving 
an account of their manners and behaviour. 

In like manner, they shall exercise becoming modesty, at their 
meetings for evening prayers ; all noise and tumult and disorder 
being banished away. 

In the morning, as every one shall enter the school, let him, as 
a humble supplicant, adore the Lord ; nor may he attempt or begin 
any study, until he have first implored or begged for grace and 
divine aid in private. 

In the winter, let all and every one be present in the schools at 
six o'clock in the morning ; in the summer, at five o'clock ; and 
there continue in hearing their lessons till nine, and in writing the 
same ; and let them confer and repeat the things heard and written 
with their condisciples, appointed by the Regent, in the distribution 
of the class in sections for that purpose. 

In like manner, from ten o'clock to twelve, they confer, repeat, 
and dispute as long as it is permitted them to cease from their 
public prelections. And also, at half-past one o'clock, let them be 
present, confer, and give an account unto their Masters (excepting 
the hours distinat for 'play). 

Upon the Saturdays, from three o'clock in the afternoon, it is 
lawful for them to take the play from their schools ; and upon Tues- 
days and Thursdays, from mid- day to four o'clock in the winter ; but 
let it be from four o'clock in the afternoon in the summer. Neither 
may they play at any other time but when it shall seem good to the 
Regents, and that for the relaxation of the mind, and the health 
and exercise of the body ; but let none of them, in the meanwhile, 
walk upon the streets, nor, as idle spectators, stand in the highways 
or narrow passages. Neither must any of them, at any time, go in 
to blind ale-houses, cellars or cooks houses, nor to taverns. 

Upon the Saturdays mornings all the classes are to dispute, 
every one of them in their proper school. 

From the beginning of February until the 1st of July, the Magis- 
trands are to dispute with the Bachelors in the Magistrand class ; 
and antagonists, fitly chosen by the Regents, shall by turns, night 
by night, from five o'clock till six, propound matters of disputation. 

From the middle of January until the second Saturday of July, 
three classes of the students of Philosophy shall dispute in the com- 
mon hall upon theses propounded by every class, time about, in the 
presence of three Regents, each of them moderating at the disputa- 
tions by turns. This shall be from ten o'clock till twelve. But 

2 B 



386 APPENDIX. 

the rest of the classes shall every Saturday, for that time, repeat, 
dispute, and hear their prelections. 

'Besides the books for their ordinary learning, let none of them be 
without a Latin New Testament, a Catechism and a Psalm Book in 
Scots. 

If any act, or speak impiously, injuriously, and obscenely, he 
must not be permitted to pass without punishment. Whoever, 
therefore, profanes the holy name of God, whoever pours forth curses 
and execrations, whoever talks rotten, filthy, and obscene speeches, 
let them be severely chastised. 

Let every scholar carry himself reverently to every one of the 
Masters, and give obedience with all submission to their admoni - 
tions. 

Let all their discourses everywhere be in Latin ; and let them be 
honest, chaste, modest, generous, not contentious, but discreet and 
pious, nor about any subject or matter but what is good and honest. 

Let every one be diligent and laborious in his studies. 

Let none interrupt the studies of his neighbours. 

Let none enter the classes or chambers of others. 

Neither let any one, out of curiosity, stand and listen at the doors 
of others, except censors. 

Let none be absent from the College without liberty first obtained 
from the Regent ; neither should any go out without the College 
gate, except his Regent grant him liberty to do so. 

Let no censor presume to move out of his own class without 
leave from his Regent ; but in his Regent's absence he must in no 
case go out till his return. Any who obtain liberty to go out, let 
him return without delay; for upon no pretext whatsoever must any 
be suffered to play the truant. 

Let every one, as becomes a disciple of Christ, show himself a 
pattern to his condisciples of piety, goodness, modesty, and diligence 
in his studies. 

None must provoke or give offence to his neighbour in word, 
deed, or behaviour ; neither must any offer to wrong or reproach 
his neighbour. 

Let all scoldings, revilings, and reproachful language be utterly 
l.,iiiMied from all and every one of the students. 

If any shall see his neighbour idle, or doing anything against his 
duty, let him, as becomes a good Christian, give him a friendly and 
brotherly admonition ; and if, so admonished, he do not repent and 
nun-lid, let him mark and delntr him. 



APPENDIX. 387 

Let none take upon him to revenge himself, either by word or 
deed, when he is reproached or wronged in any manner of way 
by another ; but let him complain of the wrong done him, either 
to the Primar, or the Regent of the scholar who has done the 
offence. 

Let none in a rude or unreverent manner pass by, speak, or look 
to those that are worthy of respect, such as magistrates, ministers 
of the gospel, aged men, or others eminent for learning, virtue, or 
authority. 

Let none otherwise behave himself in public, but as it becomes 
the students of good learning, that is, gravely, modestly, and reve- 
rently. 

Let every one flee the company and familiar conversation with 
wicked persons as a pest. 

Let none carry a sword or dagger about him. 

Let none walk by night upon the public streets. 

Extra secessum recrementis excipiendis destinatum nemo vel 
alvi faeces deponito vel urinam redito. 

Let none break, deface, or any way spoil the glass windows, walls, 
forms, seats, pulpits, or any other thing within the precincts of the 
College, but let them keep all things light, neat, and sound. 

Let the censors be faithful in the discharge of their trust, by 
admonishing offenders, and delating them, as is required. 

Let him be punished who is anywise faulty, according to the 
nature of his offence. 

Let them be extruded, or thrust out of the College with disgrace, 
who shall be found to be authors or ringleaders of rebellion or sedi- 
tion, or who shall be convicted of any notable or heinous crime. 1 



IV. 

MORTIFICATIONS TO THE COLLEGE, AND THE SUMS THEREOF 

RESTAND IN THE TOWN'S HANDS. (Page 173.) 

" The 23d January 1656. . . . The Provost, Bailies, and Coun- 
cil, having perused the haill Council books, Town's compts, and 
writs, since the foundation of the College, and made the most nar- 
row search that can be, at the sight of the Regents and present 
Treasurer of the College, they, find that the Provost, Bailies, and 

1 Register of the University of Edinburgh, pp. 39-53. 



388 APPENDIX. 

Council, and the Treasurers of this burgh, have received, from the 
persons underwritten, the particular sums of money after men- 
tioned, mortified to the College of this burgh, converted to their 
own use, and for the which they are debtors, as follows : 

" 1. From the Lords of Session, Provost, Bailies, and Council of 
this burgh, and from the Advocates, Writers to the Signet, and 
Clerks of Session, the sum of three thousand pounds for entertain- 
ing of a Master of Humanity and six bursars within the said College, 
conform to the contract passed betwixt the said parties thereanent, 
and actit in December 1597. 

" 2. Item, Received from umquhile James Bannatyue, the sum of 
100 marks, for the use of the College, conform to an act of Council, 
dated the 19th July 1598. 

" 3. Item, Received from the heirs of the deceased William Cow- 
per, tailor, the sum of 100 marks, to help to entertain a student 
within the College, conform to an act of Council, dated the 23d 
December 1607. 

"4. Item, From the Ministers and Kirk-Session of Edinburgh, 
8100 pounds, to be employed for the annual rent of 1000 marks. 
for the sustentation of the Masters and Regents of the College, 
conform to an act of Council, dated the last of September 1608. 

" 5. Item, Received by Thomas Speir, treasurer, from the Lord 
Lindsay, for demitting the benefice of Haddingtoun again by the 
town in his favour, anno 1609, 1333 lib. 6s. 8d. 

" 6. Item, Received from Charles Sheirar the sum of 1000 marks, 
whereof 500 marks [to be] employed for the College, for entertain- 
ing of the Regents, conform to an act of Council, dated the penult, 
day of July 1617 ; for the which the Council are debtors ; and the 
other 500 marks for the hospital. 

"7. Item, Received from Isobel Allan, relict of the deceased 
David Alexander, merchant, in name of her three daughters, exreu- 
tors to the defunct, the sum of 200 marks, conform to an act of 
Council, dated the 4th March 1617. 

"8. Item, Received from Hew Wright, merchant, the right of 
assignation to the sum of 1000 marks, due to him by the Laly 
B rough toun, and her cautioners, the annual rent whereof to be paid 
to hini.-i'lf, during his lifetime, and, after his decease, to be rinploved 
for sustentation of a Professor of Divinity within the said College, 
conform to an act of Council, dated the penult, of December 1618. 
!>. hem, Received from Alexander Stobo, messenger, 300 
marks money, for sustentation of a Professor of Divinity in the >ii<l 



APPENDIX. 389 

College, reserving his own liferent thereof, conform to an act of 
Council, dated the 15th January 1619. 

" 10. Item, Received from Mr. Samuel Johnstoun, for the exe- 
cutors of the deceased Archibald Johnstoun, merchant, the sum 
of 1000 marks, left in legacy, to be employed upon profit, for main- 
tenance of bursars and students in the said College, conform to an 
act of Council, of the date the 28th May 1619. 

" 11. Item, Received from Sir William Nisbet of Dean, the sum 
of 1100 pounds; for which they are obliged to pay 100 pounds 
yearly for sustentation of a Professor of Divinity within the said 
College, conform to two acts of Council, the one dated the 2d of 
June 1619, and the other dated the 20th of April 1621. 

" 12. Item, Received from Gilbert Hay, executor, confirmit to um- 
quhile James Young, and Barbara Robertson his spouse, the sum 
of 100 marks, to be employed upon profit, for the use of two poor 
[scholars] in the College, for their help two years before they be 
made Masters, conform to an act of Council, dated 21st July 1619. 

"13. Item, Received from the heirs of William Rig, the sum of 
625 marks, for payment of an yearly annual rent of threescore two 
marks and ane half, for help to entertain a Professor of Divinity 
within the said College, conform to an Act of Council, dated the 
23rd August 1620. 

" 14. Item, From Thomas Spier, the sum of 1000 marks, to be 
employed for the maintenance of a Professor of Divinity within the 
said College, conform to an act of Council, dated 3d January 
1621. 

" 15. Item, From the executors of umquhile John Lawtie, 
Apothecar, the sum of 100 pounds, ordaining to buy books there- 
with, conform to an act of Council, 19th July 1622. 

" 16. Item, Received from the executors of umquhile Mr. Walter 
Balcanquhal, the sum of 1100 marks, towards the maintenance of 
a Professor of Divinity within the said College, conform to an act 
of Council, dated the 30th of August 1622. 

"17. Item, Received from Isobel Brown, relict of the deceased 
John Mason, merchant, the sum of 300 marks money, to the use of 
a Professor of Divinity within the said College, conform to an act 
of Council, dated the 29th of October 1622. 

" 18. Item, Received from the executors of umquhile Margaret 
Stewart, the sum of 300 marks, to be employed to the use of the 
College, conform to an act of Council, dated the 10th day of 
December 1623. 



390 APPENDIX. 

" 19. Item, Received from the executors of umquhile James 
Ainslie, the sum of 500 marks, to be employed for the maintenance 
of a Professor of Divinity within the said College, conform to an 
act of Council, dated the 16th of January 1624. 

" 20. Item, Received by George Suttie, treasurer, from Margaret 
Zuill, 500 marks, 23d June IG'24. 

"21. Item, Received by George Suttie, treasurer, by James 
Murray, master of work for Michael Fiudlay, anno 1624, 320 lib. 

" 22. Item, Received by George Suttie, treasurer, from Mar- 
garet Cowper, relict of James Mestertoun, 9th November 1625, for 
bursars, 333 lib. 6s. 8d. 

" 23. Item, Left in legacy by umquhile Hew Wright, the sum of 
500 marks, towards the sustentation of a bursar at the College of this 
burgh, conform to an act of Council, dated the 5th of January 1626. 

" 24. Item, Received from Charles Sheirar, the sum of 1000 
marks, to be employed upon annual rent, to be paid to himself during 
his lifetime, and, after his decease, to John Sheirar, his kinsman, 
and, after his decease, to be employed for help to entertain a Pro- 
fessor of Divinity within the said College, conform to an act of 
Council, dated the 29th December 1630. 

" 25. Item, Received from the executors of the deceased John 
Byres of Coattis, the sum of 300 marks, to be employed to the use 
of the College, conform to an act of Council, dated the 18th of 
January 1632. 

" 26. Item, Received from the heirs of umquhile Patrick Gillies 
[or Ellis] elder, and Patrick Gillies younger, the sum of 1000 l 
marks, to be employed for sustaining of a Professor of Divinity 
within the said College, conform to an act of Council, dated the 
19th of February 1634. 

"27. Item, Received from the executors of nni.|iihile Thomas 
Muir, the sum of 100 marks, for help of maintenance of two bur- 
sars at the said College, conform to an act of Council, dated the 
6th of January 1636. 

Which haill particular sums before mentioned are contained in 
the before specified act of Council, dated the 3d day of April l<J4o. 

" 28. Item, Received by John Fleming, treasurer, for .Mr. Bartlie 
Soninirrville, portioner of Sauchtounhall, the sum of 26,000 marks. 
upon the town's band, to be employed upon annual rent, in manner 
following : 20,000 marks thereof for entertainment of a Professor of 

1 " KxtcinliiiK. with M.IIM- l>y run annuals. \n 13OO marks." ( 'rau toi.l's Hi>t. 
I tin- rnivn-Mty. j.. 1'j:.. 



APPENDIX. 391 

Divinity within the said College, and 6000 marks thereof for build- 
ing of a house to the Professor, ordaining the sum to be lent to Sir 
William Dick, upon band, for annual rent, conform to an act of Coun- 
cil of the date the 17th December 1639 ; which sum of 26,000 marks 
was employed in the hands of the said Sir William Dick, and his 
band thereof delivered to John Jossie, treasurer of the College, to be 
used according to the said act ; and the said John Jossie charged 
therewith, and the annual rent thereof in his accounts, conform to 
an act of Council of the 1st of May 1640 ; of the which sum 20,000 
marks afterwards came into the town's hands, partly by purchasing 
of the King's Warke of Leith from the said Sir William, and 
allowing 1600 marks thereof, in his own hand, and partly by paying 
of John Marjoribank's debt, and assigning to him 4000 marks of the 
said sum, and giving bands to the College in place thereof, conform 
to the act of Council, of , : and 7th of January 1653. 

" 29. Item, Received from Sir William Dick, 1000 pounds ster- 
ling, due by him to Mr. Robert Johnstoun, Esquire, and left in 
legacy by the defunct to the College of this burgh for entertaining 
of eight poor scholars therein, upon the town's security of the pay- 
ment of 1000 marks, by year, to the said College, to be upliftit 
forth of the milns at Bonnington, conform to the acts of Council of 
the 26th of February 1640, and 13th of October 1641. 

" 30. Item, There is adebtit, awand by the good town to the said 
College, the sum of 1200 marks, left in legacy by umquhile David 
Mackall, for entertaining of two bursars at the said College, and pay- 
able by the good town out of the first and readiest of the sums due 
by the good town, to the said umquhile David, conform to the acts 
of Council of the 18th December 1639, and 28th November 1640. 

"31. Item, There is adebtit, awand by the good town to the said 
College, by band, the sum of 5000 marks, of the equal half of 
11,771 marks, assigned by umquhile Alexander Wright to the Col- 
lege, conform to the acts of Council of the 1st of May 1640, and 
8th December 1641. 

"32. Item, There was left by umquhile James Dalgleish to the 
good town, 7000 marks, by act of Council, 1st January 1640, re- 
ceived the 25th December 1640 by the Town- Treasurer, and con- 
verted to the use of the College ; for the which the good town are 
debtors to the College, conform to an act of Council of the penult, 
of December 1640. 

"33. And sickly ke, there is mortified to the College by the said 

1 Blank in the Records. 



392 APPENDIX. 



James Dalgleish, the sum of 4000 marks, to be employed 
upon annual rent, for entertainment of three bursars of Divinity in 
the said College ; of the which sum the town became debtors to the 
College be band in 2640 marks, bearing annual rent and precept 
of payment ; and John Jossie, treasurer of the College, received 
the rest, conform to an act of Council of the 24th of May 1644. 

" 34. Item, There was left to the College of this burgh, by um- 
quhile Mr. William Struthers, one of the ministers thereof, the sum 
of 3000 marks, conform to an act of Council, 3d January 1645 ; 
which was received by Andrew Brysonne, treasurer, and the town's 
security given for payment of the annual rent thereof to the College, 
conform to the mortification and acts of Council, the 4th of January 
and 8th of February 1654 : Which sum of 3000 marks being re- 
ceived by the town- treasurers, with the bygone annual rents 
thereof, at Martinmas last, extending to the sum of 2000 marks. 
extends in the haill principal and animal rents to the sum of 5000 
marks, whereof the good town are proper debtors to the College. 

" 35. Item, Received by John Jossie, treasurer of this burgh, 
from John Buchanan of that ilk, the sum of 9000 marks, to be 
bestowed upon bursars, and the keepers of the libraries within the 
College of Edinburgh, St. Andrews, Aberdeen, and Glasgow, con- 
form to an act of Council, 24th July 1646 ; which sum of 9000 
marks, and annual rents thereof to Lammas 1650, extending in haill 
to 7560 lib., was afterward convented wholly to the use of the College 
of this burgh, for training of able spirits, after the laureation, in the 
studies of Divinity ; which act contains the sum of 3000 marks. 
awand by Dame Marie Stewart, Countess of Marr, and other 3000 
marks deponed in the hands of the ministers of Dumbarton, and 
mcdlit with by the Provost, Bailies, and Council or Kirk-S< 
thereof, with the benefit of patronage of the sums dotted to the Col- 
lege of St. Andrews, conform to an act of Council of tin- ;">th of 
November 1649, which was never received as yet by the Council 
of Edinburgh. 

" 36. Item, There was left in legacy to the said College, by um- 
<|iihile Sir Thomas Hope of Craighall, the sum of 1000 pounds 
Scots, the annual rent whereof, with the yearly tnaill of these t\v 
halincrs he built there, was allotted for entertaining of two Inn 
which thousand pound was discharged to Sir John Hope. in re>]Kcl 
paid to the Council by Sir James Stewart and Hubert Luck-hart. 
Ami the Council became debtors to the ( 1 oller<' of the sanir. r<>n 
form to an art ot ('..iineil of the 7th of .Jamiai \ ir,.".:',. 



APPENDIX. 393 

"37. Item, There was assigned by umquhile Alexander Wright 
to the Provost, Bailies, and Council, several sums of money, to the 
uses contained in the assignation ; and in special, the sum of 3399 
pounds, 19s. 4d. of principal, due by Mr. Gilbert Mowat, and his 
cautioners, for the which there was new band given by the said Mr. 
Gilbert, his son, and their cautioners, to the treasurers of the Kirk 
and College, equally betwixt them, conform to an act of Council of 
the 24th of August 1642. Likeas, the Council being adebtit to 
Robert Murray certain sums of money, they assigned the haill sum 
to the said Robert, in satisfaction of their debt to him pro tanto ; 
whereof the College part, in principal and annual rent, extends to 
2381 lib. ; and became debtors to the College for payment thereof, 
conform to an act of Council of the 14th of March 1655. 

"38. Item, There was left in legacy to the College of this burgh, 
by Isobel Richiesone, relict of umquhile William Little, merchant, 
the sum of 8000 pounds; and the Council being debtors to the said 
Isobel in the sum of 1107 lib. 16s. 8d., the legacy was defalked of 
the said sum, the superplus paid unto her executors ; and the Coun- 
cil became debtors to the College for the legacy of 8000 lib., con- 
form to an act of Council of the 14th of December 1655. 

"39. Item, More received by the present treasurer of this burgh 
from John Lawder, present treasurer of the College, the sum of 
202 lib. 6s. 8d. 

" All which sums of money, mortified to the College since the 
very first foundation of the said College to this day, conform to the 
several acts of Council above mentioned, do extend in the whole to 
the sum of threescore eleven thousand pounds Scots money. 71 ooolib 

" The Provost, Bailies, and Council, finding that the foresaid sum 
is a very considerable part of the stock mortified to the College, as 
said is, and that they are bound in duty and conscience to pay 
annual rent for the same, for defraying of the burdens thereof: 
Therefore, ordains the treasurers of this burgh, present and to 
come, to pay to the treasurer of the College, and his successors in 
his office, yearly, in all time coming, the ordinary annual rent of 
the foresaid stock of 71,000 lib." 1 

1 Town-Council Records, vol. xix. pp. 87-91. 



394 APPENDIX. 



V. 

EXTRACTS FROM THE EDINBURGH TOWN- COUNCIL RECORDS 
RELATING TO THE UNIVERSITY, FROM AUGUST 12, 17LM. 
TO MAY 9, 1779. (Page 330.) 

VOL. L 

\'2th August 1724. The Council, considering that they are 
vested with a power of instituting professions of all liberal arts and 
sciences in their College ; and considering how much it would be 
for the advantage of the city and kingdom, that all parts of im-di- 
cine were taught here ; and considering that the Institutes and 
Practice of Medicine have not been professed or taught as yet in 
the College : Therefore they institute the foresaid profession, and 
elect Dr. William Porterfield, Professor of the Institutes and Prac- 
tice of Medicine in this College. 

\\th November. A memorial given in to the Town-Council by 
Messrs. Rutherford, St. Clair, Plurnmer, and Innes, showing, that 
these gentlemen, having purchased a house for a chemical labora- 
tory, adjoining to the College garden, formerly let to Mr. George 
Preston, and finding that the garden, neglected by Mr. Preston, 
had for some years lain in disorder, desired of the honour- 
able the Town- Council, that they might be allowed the use of 
that ground for the better carrying on their design of furnishing 
the apothecary shops with chemical medicines, and instructing the 
students of medicine in that part of the science. They hoped tin- 
Council would the more readily comply with their request, in ivir.-inl 
that the ground formerly allotted for the use of medicine would 
still be employed in nursing and propagating such plants .is \\rrr 
necessary for the improvement of chemistry in this place. Beg 
to have it on the same terms Mr. Preston had it before ; or tin -y 
were willing to be at the charge of dressing and keeping it, pro- 
vided the Council allowed them to have a grant of the ground tor 
ten years. Lease of the ground granted them as they petitioner 1. 

1 s /// August 1725. Mr. Laurence Dundas t<> have tln>-<- muni* 
which he at present possesses within the College for life, and to }< 
Allowed the dignity of a Professor, even though he should demit. 
and still a vote among the 



APPENDIX. 395 

St/i September. Bailie Alexander Simpson reported, that he had 
intimated to Mr. Robert Henderson, Bibliothecar, to attend a com- 
mittee appointed August 25th last ; but since that time, he has gone 
to the country, and cannot be got. Bailie Simpson to write to him. 
informing him, that if he do not attend the committee betwixt and 
the next Council day, the Council will declare the office void, and 
appoint another Library -Keeper. 

VOL. LI. 

20th October. Mr. Alexander Monro, Professor of Anatomy, 
upon petition, obtains a theatre in the College for public dissections, 
for teaching Anatomy. 

3d November. On petition of Mr. James Gregory, Professor of 
Mathematics, the Council agree to elect Mr. Colin M'Laurin, Pro- 
fessor of Mathematics in Mariscliall College, Aberdeen, joint with 
him. Great commendation of the profession of Mathematics in this 
College ; of Mr. Gregory ; and Mr. M'Laurin, who was recommended 
by very great men, and even by Sir Isaac Newton, who offered to 
contribute '20 per annum to assist in providing for him a salary, 
but the Council declined the generous offer. Mr. Gregory to enjoy 
his salary of 83, 6s. 8d. sterling, to go to his children for seven 
years from the date of Martinmas next, in case of his death. 50 
sterling annually to Mr. M'Laurin, in addition to his students' 
fees. 

9th February 1726. Mr. Joseph Gibson, upon petition, appointed 
City Professor of Midwifery, but without fee or salary. 

Hth September. Mr. Charles Mackie, Professor of Universal 
History, to have a chamber in the College free of rent. 

15/A December. Provost Drummond, with the Council, a full 
meeting, met in the College, with Mr. William Wishart, Principal; 
Mr. William Hamilton, Professor of Divinity; Mr. Matthew Crawford, 
Professor of Church History; Mr. William Law, Professor of Moral 
Philosophy ; Mr. Laurence Dundas, Professor of Humanity ; Mr. 
James Gregory, Professor of Mathematics; Mr. William Scott, Pro- 
fessor of Greek; Mr. Charles Erskine, Professor of Law; Mr. Robert 
Stewart, Professor of Philosophy ; Mr. Colin Drummond, Professor 
of Philosophy ; Mr. James Crawford, Professor of Hebrew ; Mr. 
James Craig, Mr. Charles Mackie, Mr. Alexander Bayne, Law 
Professors ; Mr. Colin M'Laurin, Professor of Mathematics ; Mr. 
Alexander Monro. Professor of Anatomy ; Mr. Andrew Sinclair, 



396 APPENDIX. 

Mr. Andrew Plumnier, Mr. John Innes, and Mr. John Rutherford, 
Professors of Chemistry. 

Which day the Council, considering that the by-laws, rules, and 
regulations made about the administration and government of the 
University, ought to be revised and examined : Likewise, that it 
ought to be inquired into, how far such by-laws, rules, and regula- 
tions have been complied with, and whether the same, or any part 
thereof, ought to be continued or altered : As also, that the state of 
the Library, and conduct of the keeper thereof, with respect to his 
executing and discharging that office, ought to be inquired into : 
RESOLVED, that a committee be appointed for that purpose, to meet 
immediately, and to have power to adjourn, and to call for persons, 
papers, and records, necessary to their performing the matters to 
them committed, and to report, with an opinion : And, accordingly, 
the Council appointed Bailie James Nimmo, John Ferguson, Patrick 
Lindsay, Dean Guild, David Flint, old Treasurer, Allan Whiteford, 
Merchant Councillor, John Lauder, Trades' Councillor, William 
Cant, Convener, John Kirkwood, chirurgeon, and David Mitchell, 
goldsmith, as a committee. 

Same day, the Lord Provost adjourned the meeting till Tuesday 
January 3 3 next, at two o'clock, and appointed the whole Coun- 
cil, with the Masters and Professors, to attend that diet in this 
place. 

3d January 1727. In the College Bailie Nimmo reported from 
the committee, anent the College affairs, that they had made some 
progress in the affairs committed to them, and desired leave to sit 
again. Which being considered by the Council, they appointed the 
said committee to meet frequently, and to prepare a report, with 
their opinion, against the 7th of February next. The committee 
having desired that a deputation from the Professors and Masters 
may be appointed, to confer with them touching the affairs t<> them 
committed, the Reverend Principal reported, that they had named 
Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Law, Mr. Scott, Mr. Stewart, Mr. Dnimm<m<l. 
Mr. Mackie, Mr. Erskine, Mr. M'Laurin, Mr. Monro, Mr. Plunnner. 
;ml Mr. Sinclair. Council adjourned to the 7th February. 

IQth February. Council adjourned their meeting in the College 
Hi Tue-.lay next, till the 2d Tuesday of March, and appointed tin- 
Principal and Masters to be acquainted therewith. 

2*lh July. On examining the College Treasurer's accounts 
from .Martinmas 17lM to Whitsunday 17-<>. Tumid his receipt.-, in 
eluding tnnT IttMMTS, rjuf>0. Merlin-: : his pa\nirnt> 



APPENDIX. 397 

2158, 7s. lOd. sterling, whereby it appears that his payments 
exceed his receipts in 108, 2s. 8Jd. sterling. 

23t? November. Delegates appointed to meet with delegates from 
the College of Justice, to consider Mr. Laurence Dundas's proposal 
to resign in favour of Adam Watt, second son of Adam Watt, town- 
clerk of this city. The town delegates authorized to give their voice 
in favour of Mr. Watt, provided he be found qualified. 

5th January 1728. Patrick Lindsay, Dean of Guild, reports 
that Mr. Adam Watt was, by the delegates from the Lords of Session, 
the Advocates, the Writers to the Signet, and the Town- Council, 
unanimously elected Professor of Humanity. 

3c? April. Two Polish students, Valdislaus Boweits and Gabriel 
Brenia Sheroski, appointed to receive 10 sterling out of the inter- 
est of the mortification of Robert Brown, merchant in Zamose in 
Poland. 

14^ May Bailie Thomas Fenton reported, that he was informed 
that the Masters and Professors of the College had presumed to 
meet as a Faculty, and to do certain deeds, particularly to draw up 
and sign a protest to be given in to the Assembly, in the cause of 
Mr. John Simson, Professor of Divinity in the College of Glasgow. 
The Council find, that if this was the case, it was unwarrantable 
and illegal ; and if the foresaid protest be presented to the Assembly, 
the Council authorize and appoint Bailie Fenton to give in to the 
Assembly a protest against such a proceeding as illegal without 
the Council's sanction. 



VOL. LIT. 

28th August. Mr Adam Watt, Professor of Humanity, to pos- 
sess Mr. Dundas's chambers when the latter has no more use for 
them. 

12th February 1729. Council appoint the College Treasurer to 
pay to Valdislaus Boweits, a Polish student of divinity, 15 
sterling out of the bygone annual rents due on mortification 
of the late Robert Brown, merchant in Zamose, in Poland. James 
Ninimo, Dean of Guild, to write a letter to the consistory of Zamose 
auent bygone annual rents, and to report. 

Council appoint Mr. William Hamilton, Professor of Divinity, 
Mr. Charles Erskine, Advocate, his Majesty's Solicitor, and Mr. 
Colin Drurnmond, Professor of Philosophy, to meet on Monday next, 
at two o'clock afternoon, in the common hall of the College, in 



398 APPENDIX. 

presence of the ministers of the city, to take trial of the qualifica- 
tions of Mr. William Scott, junior, for teaching of Greek : Against 
which Bailie Thomas Fenton, old Provost, protested, and gave in 
protest in writing, bearing, that it is irregular and precipitant to 
appoint examinators for a Professor of Greek in the College of 
Edinburgh when there is no vacancy ; and, also, that to proceed to 
the trial of a Professor of Ethics in the said College in a private 
way, is contrary to a standing law and act of Council, August 9, 
1694, and that before any visitation of the College be made by the 
Council, as patrons ; with a resolution to amend errors and irregu- 
larities that have of late crept in amongst the Professors. 

Therefore, and for several other weighty reasons, too notour to 
the Council, and all the inhabitants of this city, he protests 1. 
Against the Council's proceeding to appoint examinators for the 
trial of a Professor of Greek in the College of Edinburgh, there 
being no vacancy ; and as this procedure is inconsistent. 2. Against 
appointing any private examination of a Professor as contrary to 
the above act, August 9, 1694, which appoints the publicly affix- 
ing of programs upon all the College gates of Scotland, that men of 
learning may appear, and gain the office by merit ; and as public 
learning hath already suffered by certain persons being admitted to 
be Masters of the College in a clandestine way, and contrary to the 
said act, wisely made. 3. Against any Professor of Ethics being 
appointed, till after a visitation for reformation of abuses there prac- 
tised, to the dishonour of the Council and discouragement of learn- 
ing. 4. Against giving any greater salary to the Professor of 
Ethics than to the other Regents of Philosophy, considering the low 
state of the public funds of the city. 

To this Bailies James Flint, Archibald M'Coull, and Mr. James 
Davidson, City Treasurer, gave answers as follows in behalf of the 
Council : 

That Mr. William Scott was by a former act already preferred 
to the profession of Ethics, if he should choose, on Mr. Law's death. 
which has intervened, and he has already given proof of his quali- 
fications. 

The act of Council, August 9, 1694, has gone into disuse ; and 
indeed public trials, from experience, have been found not to 
answer on the contrary, to have been attended with bad effects, 
which is so obvious to all, that it is unnecessary to mention in- 
stances; and the Council, no doubt, have power to rescind that 
regulation <>f nnim 



APPENDIX. 399 

There is no good reason why the town should delay the supplying 
these offices till after a visitation, with which it has no connexion. 
The Council may visit the College when they please. There is a 
salary annexed to the Professorship of Ethics, which ought neither 
to be diminished nor augmented but on good grounds; and no 
reason appears for diminishing it. 

26$ February. The Provost reports that the examinators had 
found Mr. William Scott, junior, son of Mr. William Scott, Pro- 
fessor of Greek, qualified. Mr. William Scott, senior, Professor of 
Greek, represents, that as he had right to be Professor of Ethics, if 
he chose, on Mr. Law's death, by virtue of an act of the Town- 
Council (see below under January 30, 1730), he accordingly chose 
to be so. 

Thomas Fenton, old Provost, upon this, gives in a draft of an 
act to the Council, in which he proposes that Professors, in all time 
coming, should be fixed and settled during the Council's pleasure 
only ; which is put to the vote, and rejected by the Council, who 
proceed to confirm Mr. Scott senior's election as Professor of Ethics, 
and elect Mr. Scott, junior, Professor of Greek, both ad vitam aut 
culpam. 

Same day. Dr. John Rutherford, Andrew St. Clair, Andrew 
Plummer, and John Innes, who were formerly restricted, so that 
only two of them could vote in the Senatus Academicus, allowed 
all to vote. This in answer to their humble petition. 

9$ July. College Treasurer to pay to the heirs of Principal 
Wishart 10 sterling in full payment of all repairs done by him to 
his lodging. 

19$ November. Lists of bursars in the town's gift to be given 
in to the Lord Provost. 

College Treasurer not to undertake any work without an order 
of Council. 

30$ January 1730. Upon the representation of Mr. Colin 
Drummond, Professor of Philosophy, he is chosen Professor of 
Greek, in place of Mr. William Scott, junior, deceased, in virtue of 
the act of Council, June 16, 1708 ; which was to the effect, that 
when any vacancy should happen, the remaining Professors, or those 
then in places, should have the offer of the vacancy, according to 
their standing. Mr. Robert Stewart declining to accept of this 
vacancy, Mr. Drummond humbly represented to the honourable 
Council that, as he had by the above act the liberty to choose the 
said office, he made choice of it. The Council agree that the office 



400 APPENDIX. 

of Professor of Logic and Metaphysics should be declared vacant ; 
but that, as the said Mr. Colin Drummond has so far advanced in 
teaching that class for this season, he should continue therein until 
the next session ; and that the person to be elected Professor of 
Logic and Metaphysics should carry on the teaching of the Greek 
class till that period, at which time the several Professors are to 
begin and open their several professions. 

At the same time, it is declared that it shall be lawful for any 
student to enter to the Semi class, or any superior class, although 
he was not a Bejan, or taught Greek by Mr. Colin Drummond. 
Mr. Drummond's acceptance of the Professorship of Greek not to 
impair his position, by degree of seniority or otherwise, among the 
Professors of Philosophy, but he and his successors in office and 
profession to be numbered and placed amongst the Professors of 
Philosophy according to their admission. 

6th February. At a meeting of the Town-Council with the Pro- 
fessors, to deliberate about a Professor of Logic and Metaphysics, 
they agree upon a comparative trial. A Latin discourse, prescribed 
to the candidates, on " The Origin, Cause, and Remedy of Error ; " 
and the candidates, after their discourses are over, to be at liberty 
to make reflections on one another's discourses, which the authors 
may defend viva voce. Each of the candidates also to be tried on 
Greek ; and the Faculty shall appoint any one of their number to 
take this trial. No one discourse to exceed three-quarters of an 
hour. The trial to be taken on Monday, the 23d instant, and to 
begin at nine o'clock forenoon in the common hall. This to be 
intimated to Mr. Robert Hamilton, Mr. James Balfour, Mr. John 
Stevenson, Mr. Thomas Johnston, and Mr. John Lees. That the 
meeting shall be opened and constituted by prayer, in Latin, by the 
Professor of Divinity. 

25*A February. The Council, taking into consideration tin* 
opinion of the Professors of the College upon the late comparative 
trial, taken by appointment of the Council, and in presence of the 
members and ministers of Edinburgh, unanimously elected Mr. John 
Stevenson, 1 governor to Lord Bargenie, to be Professor of Logic 

[Stevenson's appointment to this reading them with his students, for he 
chair gave a powerful impulse to the did not deliver formal lectures. II:-; 
cause of literature in Scotland. His illustrations he drew not only from the 
course of rhetoric ,-onsiMed simply in rhetorical and critical works of Cicero, 
the oliM-i vat ions which hi- made on Quintilian. and Horace, lnit from nio- 
nd Longinus's dern .mi 1 and p-.eti.-al. iu- 
on the Sul. lime, in the course of eluding French, quoting, however, most 



APPENDIX. 401 

and Metaphysics, with all fees, profits, emoluments, and privileges ; 
and the said Mr. John, by his acceptation hereof, promises to ob- 
serve the laws and constitutions of the College, and to submit him- 
self to the Magistrates and Council, conform to the foundation of 
said College in their favours. 



VOL. LIII. 

Qth January 1731. A room in the College granted to the academy 
for drawing. 

24:th February. A warrant for College Treasurer to sell two 
lodgings in Niddry's Wynd, belonging to the College. 

9^ June. College Treasurer to make out a list of bursars, and 
to inform the Council two months before any vacancy happen. 

3^ November. John Drysdale, lawful son of the deceased John 
Drysdale, minister of Kirkaldy, a bursar on Dalgleish's mortifica- 
tion, in the gift of the town. 



VOL. LIV. 

th February 1732. College Treasurer prohibited from under- 
taking any work in the College above 20 pounds Scots, without 
laying the same before the Council. 

16th February. Mr. William Hamilton, Professor of Divinity, 
elected Principal, in place of the deceased Mr. William Wishart. 1 

largely from the English classics. In united to Borrowstounness), in Linlith- 

the more proper business of his class, gowshire, was first minister of South 

while giving a general history of schol- Leith, from which he was translated to 

astic logic, which he taught was no fit the Tron Church, Edinburgh. He was 

instrument for the discovery of truth, the author of Theologia, or Discourses 

he delivered lectures on Locke's Essay of God, in 2 vols. Edinburgh, 1716. 

on the Human Understanding, using Writing of Wishart's successor in 

as his text-book Bishop Wynne's abridg- May 1730, nine months before the elec- 

ment of that work. Speculations, such tion, Wodrow says, "Dr. Hamilton 

as those contained in that essay, were has taught Divinity now twenty or 

then almost wholly unknown in our twenty-one years, and is weary of the 

Scottish Universities, and were little toil ; and the Principal's post is an easy 

appreciated even in England. Bower's post for him, now that he is aged, and 

Hist, of the Univ. of Edinburgh, vol. turned sixty." (Analecta, vol. iv. p. 

ii. pp. 269-281.] 138.) From several passages in the 

Analecta, it appears that Hamilton's 

1 [Principal William Wishart. whose orthodoxy was suspected. He enjoyed 

father Avas minister of Kinneil (UOAV his new dignity only one year.] 

-2 C 



402 APPENDIX. 

And Mr. James Smith, minister of Edinburgh, 1 elected Professor of 
Divinity, but must resign his charge as minister. 

15/A March. Appoint Robert Manderston, present College 
Treasurer, to receive by inventory from Mr. William Hog, late 
College Treasurer, all the writs in his custody belonging to the 
College. 

19th April. Patrick Crokat elected Janitor, in place of James 
Seton deceased, burdened with five pounds sterling per annum, to 
Anna Campbell, relict of Alexander Somerville, writer, burgess. 

26th July. Mr. William Dawson, minister at Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne, chosen Professor of Hebrew and Oriental Languages, in place 
of Dr. James Crawford, 8 deceased, with 600 pounds Scots of yearly 
salary. N.B. About this time a great many repairs were made in 
the College. 

30th August. Mr. William Hog, late College Treasurer, his ac- 
counts audited and appro ven, from Martinmas 1729 to Candlemas 
1732. Receipts, 3135, 18s. 5|d. sterling; payments, 3128, 
3s. 2f d. sterling ; balance due by him, 7, 15s. 3d. sterling. 

~L5th November. Mr. George Sinclair and Mr. Charles Anstru- 
ther, Advocates, from the Faculty of Advocates, delivered to the 
Magistrates and Council a leet of two, one of whom to be chosen 
Professor of Civil Law in the College by the Council, in terms of 
Act of Parliament, 9 George i., viz. : Mr. Thomas Dundas, who 
had 119 votes of the Faculty, and Mr. John Erskine, who had 82. 
The Council chose Mr. Thomas Dundas, 8 in place of Mr. James 
Craig, deceased ; and he appeared in Council, and qualified himself 
by swearing the oath de fideli adrwwstratione, and the oath of 
allegiance, and signing the same with the assurance to King 
George n., and subscribed the oath in the Council's Act, 10th Sep- 
tember 1718. 

14th February 1733. William Dawson, Professor of Hebrew, 
allowed the possession of that house in the College presently pos- 
sessed by Margaret Piggot, relict of Mr. John Goodall. 

ISth July. Mr. James Smith, Professor of Divinity, 4 elected 
Principal, in place of Mr. William Hamilton, deceased; and .Mr. 

i [Mr. Smith had been recently trans- man died in the end of February, or 

lated from Cramond to Edinburgh.] the beginning of this month." Wod- 

row's Analocta, vol. iv. p. 212.] 

* [" March 1731. Dr. James Craw- 8 [Dundas was ftrrwards Slu-riff- 

fnnl, Professor of the Hebrew tongue depute of Kirkcudbright.] 

at Kdinburgh -a man of piety, of ex- * [Smith held the office only three 

-I lent Holid sense, but a recluse, modest years.] 



APPENDIX. 403 

John Gowdie, one of the ministers of Edinburgh, elected Professor 
of Divinity. 1 

19th December. Report of all the chambers in the College. 
The rental of those that pay amounts to about 30 sterling. 
N.B. This shows the state of the College apartments at that time. 



VOL. LV. 

9th January 1734. Mr. William Scott, Professor of Ethics, 
gives in a letter, bearing that he is so indisposed by a bad state of 
health as to be unfit for his office, and requesting that John Pringle, 
junior. Professor of Medicine, may be joined with him as a col- 
league. The Council resolve to take the opinion of the other Pro- 
fessors respecting Dr. Pringle's fitness. 

Wednesday, 13th February. Dr. Pringle to deliver a discourse, 
in the common hall on Tuesday next, upon Ethics and Moral Philo- 
sophy, and the ministers to be called to give their avisamentum, 
Tuesday next, afternoon. 

Wednesday, 20th February. The Provost reports that Dr. 
Pringle's discourse had been highly approved by all the learned 
audience, and that the ministers thought him most fit. Dr. 
Pringle 2 therefore unanimously chosen Professor of Ethics, jointly 
with Mr. "William Scott, the full salary to be enjoyed by Mr. Scott 
during all the days of his life ; and Dr. Pringle to have the said 
salary in case he survive Mr. Scott, only from and after the time of 
Mr. Scott's decease. 

27th February. Dr. Pringle accepts the office, and takes the 
oaths, etc. 

22d May. The roof of the Library to be repaired. 

19th June. Commissioners appointed to meet with delegates 
from the College of Justice, to choose a Professor of Humanity, in 
place of Adam Watt, deceased. 

24th July. John Drysdale, son to the deceased Mr. John Drys- 
dale, minister of the gospel at Kirkaldy, received Divinity bursar 
on Eamsay's Mortification. 

1 [Gowdie or Goldie had been recently the General Assembly, vol. i. pp. 319, 

translated from Earlston to Edinburgh. 320.] 

In the Theological Chair he used as 2 [Dr., afterwards Sir John Pringle, 

his text-book Benedict* Picteti Theo- Bart., had taken his degree of M.D. at 

logia Christiana. He died on the 19th Leyden, on the 20th of July 1730 ; and 

of February 1762, in the eightieth year returning to Scotland, he practised as 

of his age. See Morren's Annals of a physician in Edinburgh.] 



404 APPENDIX. 

1 Ith September. A petition of Colin Drummond about the teach- 
ing of Greek (N.B. This in the College Records) ; and act there- 
am nt. This act superseded, January 15, 1735. 

( 2d October. Mr. John Ker, Professor of Greek, Aberdeen, 
chosen Professor of Humanity by the delegates. 

16M October. Weneslaus Radose, a Polish bursar, in the Col- 
lege, to receive a quarter's payment on Robert Brown's Mortifica- 
tion. 

11/7* November. "A petition from Mr. Colin Drummond, Pro- 
fessor of Greek in the College, having been read and remitted to a 
proper committee, the committee this day reported, that they having 
duly considered the said petition, with the extract of the Act of Par- 
liamentary visitation therein referred to, dated the 16th of August 
1700, were of opinion that it might contribute much to the advance- 
ment of learning, and to the encouragement of this University, that 
said act of visitation were duly observed, and particularly that part 
of it for the encouragement of public Universities, by a due dis- 
couragement of private and clandestine teaching, whereby it is 
enacted, that no scholar bred at the schools in Scotland, and not 
foreign bred, should be admitted to learn philosophy, or any part of 
the course thereof, in any of the Colleges of Scotland, unless he had 
learned the Greek, at least for the ordinary year, under the fixed 
Greek Master. The committee were of opinion that the foresaid act 
should be duly observed in all time coming ; but, being informed 
that the foresaid act of visitation had not hitherto been observed 
in the University of Glasgow, that it may be prejudicial to this 
rniversity to put the said act in full execution, unless the same 
were duly observed in Glasgow ; and that therefore this act should 
not take plaee until the University of Glasgow bound themseh 
the punctual observation of the same. The Council approved of the 
said report, and enacted that the said Parliamentary visitation shall 
be put to due execution in the I'nivcrsity of this city so soon as the 
Band is done in the I* niversity of Glasgow ; and till sueh time as tin- 
said act shall take place in both the said Universities, appointed all 
student- eiitei-in_r to the Semi class to undergo an examination upon 
the (in-ek in presence of the (Ireek Professor: Al.-o appointed, that 
holar from any private school within this city or its liberty shall 
be allowed to enter to the Philosophy classes, unless he ha> 1-rcn a 
year under a fixed Profr-or of (ireek. and this to take place at the 
sitting down of the sessions in October first: And statute and 
ordain, that none shall have a title to the degree of Master of Art-. 



APPENDIX. 405 

except such as, after their first year's reading of Greek, either under 
any teacher not within the liberties of this city (until the Parlia- 
mentary act of visitation take place), or under our, or any other 
fixed Professor of Greek, shall attend our Professor of Greek his 
private lectures, for their further improvement in that language, for 
at least another year, so long as he continues to give the same five 
days in the week ; and he is hereby obliged not to take an honorary 
from any scholar above twice, which shall entitle all to attend such 
private lectures as many sessions as they please : And further 
ordain, that none be enrolled students of Divinity but such as have 
got the degree of Master of Arts, and report a certificate thereof to 
the Professor of Divinity." 

\5th January 1735. " Having considered a representation of 
the Principal and Professors of the College, with answers thereto 
made by Mr. Drummond, Professor of Greek, and having heard the 
opinion of a Committee, to whom the same was referred, the Coun- 
cil resolved that the matters mentioned in the said representation 
and answers, be taken into consideration, at the visitation which is 
appointed to be held in the College upon the 27th instant ; mean- 
time did supersede the effect and execution of the act of Council 
therein specified, in favours of Mr. Drummond, dated the llth of 
September last." 

15th January 1735. Mr. John Ker, Professor of Humanity, to 
have possession of the two rooms in the College that were lately in 
the possession of the deceased Mr. Laurence Dundas, and that 
during the Council's pleasure. 



VOL. LVI. 

15th August. Keport of committee about teaching Greek. See 
September 10, infra. 

29th August. Mr. Eobert Henderson, Library-keeper, to give 
in an account of the present state of the Library, and of what cata- 
logues of the books he has made out. 

10th September. The above order renewed, and that Mr. Hen- 
derson give strict attendance in the Library, and admit Mr. William 
Lauder to inspect the presses and shelves. 

Upon the report of committee about teaching Greek, the Council 
agreed to put the Professorship of Greek on the same footing with the 
Professors of Greek in other Colleges in Scotland ; and that the Pro- 
fessors of Greek and Philosophy begin the business of their respective 



406 APPENDIX. 

professions on the 20th of November yearly, and ; after that date, to 
interfere no more in teaching the business of the other Professors. 

15/A October. Intimation of this act to be made to the Principal 
and Professors. 

'3d December. Professor Bayne to have a chamber in the College. 

llth December. Mr. George Abercrombie, Advocate, on the 
King's presentation, to be admitted Professor of Public Law and 
Law of Nature and Nations in place of Mr. William Kirkpatrick, 
Advocate, bearing date September 5, last. The Magistrates agree 
to the admission, but protest against its prejudging their right as 
patrons. 

26M December. Alexander Carlyle, 1 son to Mr. William Carlyle, 
minister at Prestonpans, preferred to a Bursary of Philosophy on 
Hector Ford of Branxton's Mortification. The same rescinded 
February 18, 1736, as the holder was not qualified according to the 
Mortification, and a Bursary of Philosophy granted him on Dr. 
Robert Johnston's Mortification. 

21st January 1736. Mr. Monro, Professor of Anatomy, upon 
a petition from him, allowed a room in the College, during the 
Council's pleasure, and that for teaching his private sessions only. 



VOL. LVH. 

28M July. Dr. Pringle's rooms in the College to be repaired. 

10th November. Dr. William Wishart, minister of a dissenting 
congregation in London, elected Principal 8 in place of Mr. James 
Smith, deceased. 

11th November. College committee to order Mr. Robert Hen- 
derson to deliver in a catalogue of the books and other things under 
his care. 

8th December. Bursars to extract their acts ; and all grants of 
bursaries which shall hereafter be made and granted, and shall not 
be extracted and duly intimated to the College Treasurer, or his 
successors, within the space of thirty-one days next after the sum- 
shall be given, shall be void. 

' [Dr. Alexander Carlyle, afterwards name. For some reason not explained, 

Inveresk, and whose re- he was not installed until the IMh <>f 

published Autobiography has November the year following. Ah.uit 

excited so much attention.] fifteen or sixteen months aft. i hi- in- 
stallation, he lirrami- minister of New 

[Dr. William Wiahart was the son Greyfriars' Church. See Morren's 

of the former I'rin. ij..i! of tin- same Annals, vol. i. pp. 309-315.] 



APPENDIX. 407 

VOL. LVIII. 

July 1737. Upon a leet of two from the Advocates, viz., 
Mr. John Erskine, senior, and Mr. James Balfour, the Magistrates 
and Council elect the said John Erskine 1 Professor of Scots Law, 
in place of Mr. Andrew Bayiie, deceased. Salary 100 sterling. 
Erskine compeared, and qualified himself by swearing and signing 
the oath defideli administratione the oath appointed to be taken 
by every person who obtained any lucrative office of this city by the 
Council's act, dated September 10, 1718, the oaths of allegiance 
and abjuration, and by signing the assurance to his Majesty, King 
George the Second. 

$th November. Dr % William Wishart appeared in Council, and 
took the usual oaths. Installed this day, and a copy of the regula- 
tions and instructions, usually given to his predecessors, to be 
delivered to him. 

1th December. A Commission from the King to Mr. Patrick 
Cumining, one of the ministers of the city, 2 to be Professor of 
Ecclesiastical History in place of Mr. Matthew Crawford, was read. 
Resolved that he be admitted, under the protest, that his admission 
should not prejudge the Council's right to the patronage of the 
College. 

VOL. LIX. 

31s* March 1738. Dr. Charles Alston 3 elected Professor of 
Medicine and Botany. 

Wth May. Tack of the Physic garden in the College, granted 
rent free for twelve years from Martinmas 1738, to Drs. Kuther- 
ford, Sinclair, and Plummer, Professors of Medicine. 

1 [From Erskine's high reputation, the He gave lectures upon Jo. Alphonsi 

class of Scots Law was now attended Turretini Compendium Historic Eccle- 

by a greater number of students than siasticae. He died on the 1st of April 

formerly. His text-book for several 1776, in the eighty-first year of his age. 

years was Mackenzie's Institutions ; but See Morren's Annals, vol. i. pp. 319- 

about the year 1752 he published a 324, and vol. ii. p. 391.] 

text-book of his own. He taught Scots 3 [Alston, who was King's Botanist 

Law in the University twenty-eight for Scotland, was elected in the room 

years. His Institute of the Law of of Mr. George Preston, who had been 

Scotland, which is still considered a long superannuated. He was Professor 

standard book on the subject, was not twenty-two years ; and during that 

published till after his death in 1773. period he regularly delivered two courses 

He was the father of the celebrated Dr. of lectures every year, one on Botany 

John Erskine, one of the ministers of in summer, and the other on Materia 

the Greyfriars' Church, Edinburgh.] ^fedica in winter. He died on the 22d 

2 [Cumming had recently been trans- of November 1760, in the seventy- 

lated from Lochmaben to Edinburgh. seventh year of his age.] 



408 APPENDIX. 

26/7* July. Colin Drummoud resigns his Professorship of Greek 
to be joined with Mr. Robert Law, son to the deceased Mr. William 
Law of Elvingston, late Professor of Moral Philosophy, on condi- 
tion that he enjoy his salary during his life, and be allowed to teach 
students of Chirurgery, Anatomy, or Medicine such Greek books 
as relate to their business only. 

Previous notice had been given, namely, by an act of Council, 
July 19, to the Principal and Professors and Ministers to attend 
in the Burgh room, on Tuesday following, at three o'clock after- 
noon, the trial of Mr. Robert Law's qualifications for teaching 
Greek. The examinators declared themselves satisfied with Mr. 
Robert Law's qualifications. Mr. Drummond and he are therefore 
elected conjunct Professors of Greek. 

VOL. LX. 

14M December 1739. Mr. Robert Smith, surgeon, elected Pro- 
fessor of Midwifery in the College, on the death of Joseph Gibson, 
Professor thereof in the city, but without a salary. 1 

VOL. LXI. 

18M March 1741. A bond by the city to Patrick Manderston, 
College Treasurer, and his successors in office, to and for the use 
of the said College, pursuant to the Council's act, February llth 
last, containing the accumulated sum of 11,451, 12s. 2d. sterling, 
bearing annual rent, from and after Candlemas last, with 2000 
sterling of liquidate penalty, was brought in, and read, and signed, 
and ordered to be registered in the Burgh Court Books. 

VOL. LXII. 

llth November. College Treasurer's account from Lammas 1739 

to Lammas last 1741, with the account of mortcloth dues. His 

charge, inclusive of 23, 2s. 4d. sterling, of former arrears, amounts 

J192, 11s. 5d. ; and his discharge extends to 1853, Os. 8] J.I. : 

balance due by him, 339, 10s. 8^d. 

( Jlh December. On the death of Mr. Robert Law, 1 joint Professor 

1 [Smith's coiiiiuimion was ampler 2 [Law taught only thm- sr- 
than that >f hi* pmlecettaor ; it n-n- \vln-n In- was ].mnat un-ly mt "M ''> 
-tilutfl him a tn.-ml.cr of the Senate. nsiiiniitioii.] 

ii. !,.:.! tin, 



APPENDIX. 409 

of Greek, Mr. Colin Drunimond resigns, on condition he may retain 
the salary upon a new election, and be on the same footing he was 
with Mr. Law. 

Mr. Eobert Hunter elected, as he had given sufficient proof of 
his qualifications by teaching Greek privately within this city, for 
several years, with great success and applause. He qualifies. Only 
the fees granted to Mr. Hunter ; the salary annexed to the office 
being reserved for Mr. Drunimond. 

The Humanity class being vacant by the death of Mr. John Ker, 
two candidates having appeared, Mr. Foulis and Mr. George Stewart, 
the Council agree, previous to the choice of their delegates, that the 
Principal and Professors take trial of the knowledge of these two 
candidates in the Greek and Latin languages, and report. 

llth December. The trial not yet being taken, a majority of the 
Council agree now to choose their delegates, viz., Bailie Mark 
Sandilands, and Walter Boswell, Deacon of the Hammermen. The 
delegates instructed to insist on a trial of the candidates, before all 
the delegates, and ordered to give their votes for the best qualified, 
according to the signed report of the examinators. 

16^ December. An extract of the election of Mr. George 
Stewart to be Professor of Humanity produced, bearing that the 
delegates had met in the Advocates' Library, December 11, 1741, 
viz., Lord Justice- Clerk; Lord Minto; Mr. James Graham of Airth, 
Dean of Faculty ; Mr. Alexander M'Millan, Deputy-Keeper of the 
Signet; and the two from the Town-Council as above. The Town- 
Council delegates insisted on a trial ; and the two candidates attend- 
ing informed them that each believed the other sufficiently qualified, 
and therefore insisted not on a trial, but submitted themselves to the 
delegates ; who accordingly proceeded to the election. The two 
Lords of Session, and two delegates for the Council, voted for Mr. 
Stewart, and the rest for Mr. Foulis. Whereupon all the delegates 
declared that Mr. Stewart was duly elected, and appointed Mr. 
Ruddiinan, their clerk, to give out extracts to all having interest. 
The Council appoint Mr. Stewart to be admitted. 

%d February 1742. Reported by Bailie Mark Sandilands and 
his committee, that they were of opinion that the proper place for 
building the observatory in the College is at the back of the house 
formerly possessed by Mr. John Ker ; that therefore Mr. M'Laurin 
should have possession of the said house, and what more of the ad- 
jacent rooms he may have occasion for, he paying the ordinary rent 
for the said rooms. 



410 APPENDIX. 

IQth February. Mr. Robert Hunter allowed to possess seven 
rooms in the College rent free, upon condition of his laying out 50 
sterling of his own money in repairing the said rooms ; and if he die 
before five years, that then 10 sterling yearly shall be paid to his 
heirs, for the remainder of that time. 

VOL. LXIII. 

17/A March. Room in the College possessed by Mr. John Mur- 
doch, French teacher, to be given to Mr. George Stewart, during 
the pleasure of the Council. 

25M August. Memorial from Mr. Robert Stewart, 1 Professor of 
Natural Philosophy, read in Council, setting forth, that he had been 
above thirty-eight years a member of the University, and was now 
old, and requesting that his son, Dr. John Stewart, might be con- 
junct Professor with him ; and stating that Dr. Stewart had given 
proof of his abilities, by teaching a good part of the last session, to 
the general satisfaction of all the students, and was amply recom- 
mended by those Professors of the College whose subjects were 
most nearly connected with that of Natural Philosophy. These re- 
commendations read. Signed, Colin Drummond, Gr. L. et Phil. 
P. ; Charles Alston, M. et Bot. P. ; Colin M'Laurin, Math. P. ; 
Alexander Monro, Anat. P. ; Andrew Plummer, Med. P. ; Jo. 
Rutherford, Med. P. Professors and ministers to take trial of him 
in the lower Council house on Tuesday first. 

ls September. Report of the Examinators, who were the Prin- 
cipal and Professors of the College, in presence of some of the 
Town-Council and some of the ministers of the city. The exami- 
nation took place, August 31. Report favourable to Dr. John 
Stewart. Also produced the avisamentum of the ministers who 
attended the examination, in favour of the^said Dr. John Stewart. 
Wherefore he and his father, Mr. Robert, ar*e chosen joint Professors 
of Natural Philosophy, th<- -alary being reserved to Mr. Robert, and 
the other emoluments to Dr. John, during their joint lives, and it 

1 (Professor Robert Stewart was the class. But for a considerable nuiiiht-r 

youngest son of Sir Thomas Stewart of years, during the latter period of 

of Coltness, Bart. He appears at first his Professorship, having renounced, 

to have taught the Cartesian philoso- as untenable, the Cartesian theories, 

piiy, in whi-h he had been educated; he taught the Newtonian system. Ho 

a system of philosophy v.-ry different followrd K. -ill's Introduction, H\dro- 

from that into which Mr. <'<>lin M'Lau- statir>;ml PmMimat ir-. :m<l adopted as 

rin, who contemporaneously ,< -upi-d his text-book, Gregory's Optics, As- 

the Mathematical Chair, initiated his tronomy, etc.] 



APPENDIX. 411 

being declared that they are to have but one voice hi the Faculty 
of Professors, and that per vices. They qualify. 

24M November, College treasurer's accounts from Lammas 1741 
to Michaelmas 1742. His charge, including 81, 7s. Of d. of former 
arrears, and 339, 10s. 8d., the balance due by Patrick Manderston, 
last College treasurer, amounts to 1335, 15s. 7^d. sterling ; and 
his discharge, inclusive of 542, 9s. 8d. of arrears, amounts to 
1518, 2s. Of d. ; balance due to him, 182, 6s. 6d. 

1st December 1742. " Upon a representation from the Principal 
and Professors of this city's University, setting forth that they were 
informed an attempt was made to set up a stage in this place with- 
out warrant of law : That they could not but be apprehensive that 
idleness and corruption of manners among the youth was likely 
to flow from a licentious acting of stage plays, while there 
were so many dissolute pieces of that sort in the English language, 
and the choice left to such as either from their own taste, or in 
compliance with the vicious relish of the multitude, were likely to 
choose such performances as had the most direct tendency to cor- 
rupt the morals of the audience, especially those of the younger 
sort : That their former observations had greatly confirmed them in 
this apprehension, where the performances had been frequent and 
the access easy : That the unhappy influence of playhouses, where 
there are Universities, had been apparent to the Legislature, for 
which reason all such in or near Oxford or Cambridge are by Act 
of Parliament lately discharged : Praying, therefore, the honour- 
able Council on these accounts to take proper measures for sup- 
pressing the same : Which having been considered by the Magistrates 
and Council, they authorized the Magistrates to cause prosecute the 
stage players before the Court of Session, who either have or shall 
attempt to act plays and interludes within this city or liberties 
thereof, contrary to Act of Parliament, and to the prejudice of the 
youth of this city, and do recommend to the Magistrates to cause 
carry on said prosecution with the utmost frugality, and to report 
from time to time the success therein." 



VOL. LXIV. 

lth December 1743. Catalogue of the College Library, 
borrowed by the deceased Bailie Blackwood from the Keeper 
of the Library on receipt, presented in Council with the said 
receipt. 



412 APPENDIX. 



July 1744. Letter from Dr. John Pringle, Professor of 
Moral Philosophy, 1 to the Lord Provost, dated Brussels, June 20th, 
N 8., 1744, intimating that he cannot easily return to resume his 
office. At the time he wrote last to his Lordship, there were some 
hopes of an accommodation between the warring powers ; " but 
now," says he, "since the open rupture with France, as the dura- 
tion of the war is very uncertain, I can with no assurance ask any 
further indulgence from your Lordship and the rest of my hoiipur- 
able patrons." As the town had already granted him leave of 
absence, he could not well expect farther indulgence. He leaves 
the matter in the hands of the Town- Council. The Provost autho- 
rized to prepared an answer. 

20th July. The Provost's answer, expressing great respect for 
Dr. Pringle, but hopes he will send a letter of resignation : still 
they are willing to indulge him another year, if he could assure 
them that he would then return to his duty in the College as 
formerly. The patrons had now indulged his residence abroad for 
two years. 

\bth August. Report from committee on the College affairs, 
that Mr. Robert Hunter, Professor of Greek, had, in consequence 
of an act of Council, February 10, 1742, expended upwards of 50 
sterling in repairing the house he possesses in the College. 

llth August. An answer from Dr. Pringle, dated Brussels, 
Auirust 15, N.S., 1744, accepting indulgence, but unwilling to pro- 
mise the conditions. 

The Provost to write a reply, that the Council, since they can- 
not have a security for his returning to the exercise of his profes- 
sion in tin 1 "nivi Tsity, desire that he would be pleased to send his 
resignation. 

VOL. LXV. 

llth March 174"). Dr. Pringle sends a letter of resignation. 
lati-d London, March 111. 17l">. The Council accept it, and re- 
commend to Mr. William Clcghorn, Master of Arts, and son of 

1 [Dr. I'lin-U-'li'l nt tench the Moral March 1711 In- was m.-nle I'hysician- 

I'hili.Miphy class many years. HefiiM Ceiieral t<> his Majesty's Fon-rs in the 

1 from the Karl >| Stair an ap- Low Countries ami part iM-ymid seas, 

pmiitinent t" IT physician to lii> Lnl- as \\ell us physician t.> tin 

ship, UH ('ommainlrr of tin- British pituls in the sai ..... -<mntries. 1 

Anny. 1'pi.n tin- 'Jlth f August 171-, situations he \\as unwilling to i. 

he wa constituted ph\-i.i.u, t.. tin- for the Mke of retaining his Profi 

military h< >-|>it.iU m FlanlT> ; ami in ship.] 



APPENDIX. 413 

the deceased Hugh Cleghorn, merchant burgess of Edinburgh, who 
has had the charge of Dr. Pringle's class during his absence, to 
continue his course of lectures during the rest of the session. 

Wednesday, 22d May. Resolved that on Tuesday next, at three 
o'clock afternoon, the Council meet in the laigh Council- house, 
and that the ministers of the city be then desired to attend to give 
their avisamentum anent the choice of a Professor of Moral Philo- 
sophy, for supplying the vacancy in this class by the demission of 
Dr. Pringle, and Mr. Hutcheson's declining to accept. 1 

5th June. Mr. William Cleghorn chosen Professor of Pneu- 
matics and Moral Philosophy, ad vitam aut culpam. 

M June. Recommended to the College committee to inquire 
and consider how far the several Professors observe the directions 
and instructions laid down to them by the several acts of Council 
heretofore made, .and what farther directions may be necessary to 
be given to the Professors in time coming, and to consider this 
matter with all convenient speed, and report. 

\th June. Mr. William Cleghorn appears in Council and quali- 
fies. Bailie John Yetts authorized to repair to the College and 
install him in the usual manner. 

6th September. Upon a memorial from Mr. Robert Hunter, 
Professor of Greek, setting forth that he used to make more by 
private teaching than all the emoluments that presently accrue to 
him, the salary annexed to that office being reserved to Mr. Colin 
Drummond, the other joint Professor during his life, the Council 
allow him 400 marks salary yearly during the life of Colin Drum- 
mond, joint Professor. 

The Council, upon a memorial from Dr. Charles Alston, Professor 
of Botany, in regard there is no salary annexed to that Professorship, 
allowed him 500 marks annually, during the Council's pleasure, 
from Lammas 1746, as the Doctor has now, upwards of twenty-five 
years, been employed in that station, and, as such, has deservedly 
acquired a very great character. 



i [A week after Dr. Pringle's resig- But this eminent philosopher declined 

nation was accepted, namely, on the to accept of the proffered preferment. 

3d of April, the Town-Council trans- It was on this occasion that Hume the 

mitted a presentation to the vacant historian applied for this chair ; but 

chair to the celebrated Dr. Francis his philosophical theories, which he had 

Hutcheson, Professor of Moral Philo- already published, effectually operated 

sophy in the College of Glasgow, who against his success.] 
was then in the meridian of his fame. 



414 APPENDIX. 



VOL. LXVI. 

5M January 1747. William Alexander, old Treasurer, elected 
College Treasurer for the year ensuing. 

Committee named for College affairs. . . . Any five of them to 
be a quorum, the preses being always one. 

20M January. Mr. Joseph Ferguson preferred to Bursary of 
Divinity on Buchanan of that Hk's Mortification. 

Mr. John Gibson preferred to Bursary of Divinity on Mr. James 
Nairne's Mortification. 

Mr. Thomas Hunter preferred to Bursary of Divinity on Mr. 
James Nairne's Mortification. 

25/A February. Ralph M'Farlane preferred to Bursary of Di- 
vinity on Dr. Robert Leighton's Mortification. 

George Couples preferred to Bursary of Divinity on Mr. Andrew 
Ramsay's Mortification. 

Dugald Stewart, son to Mr. Charles Stewart, minister at Campbel- 
toun, preferred to Bursary of Philosophy on Dr. Johnston's Morti- 
fication. 

Thomas Blacklock preferred to Bursary of Philosophy on Dr. 
Johnston's Mortification. 

Andrew Petrie preferred to Bursary of Philosophy on Hector 
Ford's Mortification. 

Robert Leiston, son to Mr. Robert Leiston, minister at Aberdour, 
preferred to Bursary of Philosophy on Hector Ford's Mortification. 

John Milne preferred to Bursary of Philosophy on Hector Ford's 
Mortification. 

Adam Watson, son to James Watson, under-janitor of the College 
of Edinburgh, preferred to Bursary of Philosophy on Sir Andrew 
Ramsay's Mortification. 

John Bald, son to James Bald. merchant in Edinburgh, preferred 
to Bursary of Philosophy on Dr. Johnston's Mortification. 

Alexander Ure preferred to Bursary of Philosophy on Dr. John- 
ston's M>rt iti ration. 

William Gloag, son to Mr. Andrew Gloag, minister at W<-t 
Calder. pivt'errcd to Bursary of Philosophy on Hector Ford's M<>r- 
tification. 

Thomas Blacklock preferred to Bursary of Philosophy on John 
M Mornm'^ Mortification. 

25/A March. Mr. i;..l,,. r t Henderson, Library-keeper, demits, 
held that office since Novnnl.rr % J1, 1684. Allowed to re- 



APPENDIX. 415 

tain his salary during his life, on condition that he deliver a cata- 
logue of all the books belonging to the College Library within three 
months, and make good those wanting, but in case they exceed 
10 sterling in value, then such a part of his salary shall be re- 
tained and given to his successor during Mr. Henderson's life, as 
the Lord Provost, on behalf of the city, and Mr. Robert Craigie of 
Glendoick, late Lord Advocate for Scotland, on behalf of Mr. Hen- 
derson, shall jointly determine, over and above making good to the 
College the value of such books as shall be found amissing. Mr. 
George Stewart, Professor of Humanity, chosen Librarian, ad vitam 
aut culpam ; to have the perquisites, but Mr. Henderson to have 
the salary, 33, 6s. 8d. sterling. Mr. Stewart to make out a cata- 
logue of the Library within fifteen months from this date ; and 
annually to give the Council in December a list of the books pur- 
chased or gifted during the preceding year ; bound to subject him- 
self to the Council's regulations. He appears in Council, accepts 
of his office, and qualifies. 

The city's clerks to lend him on receipt such catalogues of the 
College Library as are in their possession. 

15// April. Bond by Mr. George Stewart, as Library-keeper, 
produced for making forthcoming the books of the Library, and 
making good the other conditions mentioned in his commission. 
Mr. Alexander Kincaid, bookseller in Edinburgh, his cautioner. 
Letter of cautionary registered in Burgh Court books. 

15/A May. College committee appointed to inquire into the 
present state of the Library ; what catalogues relative thereto are 
in the College ; in whose custody they are ; and what books are want- 
ing which are recorded in any of these catalogues ; and what books 
are in the Library, purchased or given to the College, which are 
not in those catalogues ; and to report. 

10th June. College committee to cause make an inventory of 
all the instruments belonging to the city, necessary for illustrating 
any branch of Natural Philosophy, that are deposited in the College, 
and to take Professor Stewart's receipt, and to report. 

24th June. There being at present one vacant bursary in the 
College on King William's Mortification, in order to supply the 
same, a list of three candidates to be made out, to be presented to 
the Barons of Exchequer by the College Treasurer. 

3d July.K like list. 

22 d July. Mr. Robert Rutherford, Divinity bursar by a pre- 
sentation on Sir James M'Lurg's Mortification, presented by John 



4KJ APPENDIX. 

Adam of Whitslaid. rice patronis. To commence at Candlemas 
last : for four years. 

26th August. It being represented that the Council by their act, 
February 9, 1726, had nominated and appointed Andrew Sinclair 
and John Rutherford, Doctors of Medicine, Professors of the Theory 
and Practice of Medicine, and Andrew Plummer and John Innes, 
Doctors of Medicine, Professors of Medicine and Chemistry in the 
College of Edinburgh, under sundry conditions and provisions men- 
tioned in the aforesaid act : And as through some mistake or inad- 
vertency, the said act had not been engrossed in the Principal 
Record of Council, and as the fact was transacted during the ad- 
ministration of some of the present members of Council, and recent 
in their memories, and fully set forth in the extract thereof, under 
the hands of Mr. Adam Watt, late one of the city clerks : The Lord 
Provost, Magistrates, and Council, with the Deacons of Crafts, ordi- 
nary and extraordinary, therefore did, and hereby do, in order to 
rectify the aforesaid mistake, declare the said act to be as valid in 
all respects, as if recorded in its proper place, and ordered the said 
extract to be engrossed in the present Record of Council, the tenour 
whereof follows : 

"EDINBURGH, February 0, 1726. 

" The which day, the Council being convened, anent the petition 
given in by the above Doctors, Fellows of the Royal College of Phy- 
sicians at Edinburgh, showing that the petitioners had, under the 
Council's protection, undertaken the professing and teaching of 
Medicine in this city, and under this encouragement had carried it 
en with some success : That if it were taught in the College by the 
petitioners, it would promote it more than the way in which they 
had hitherto undertaken it : That the sole power of instituting such 
professions in the College, and of electing of persons qualified to 
profess the same, was vested in the Council : That the promoting 
the foresaid profession was only what was intended by tin- peti- 
tioners, which would tend to the benefit and honour of this city and 
country : Craving, therefore, that the Council would institute this 
km in the College of Edinburgh, and appoint the petitioners 
to teach and profess the same, as the petition bears: Wmcii being 
maturely considered, and the Council being fully convinced that 
nothing ran contribute more to the flourishing of this or any other 
College, than that all (lie parts of academical learninLT In- prof, 
and taiijrht in them l.y aMe ProfVsMirs. they \\ere of opinion that it 
would be rity. and country, that 



APPENDIX. 417 

Medicine in all its branches be taught and professed here by such a 
number of Professors of that science as may by themselves promote 
students to their degrees, with as great solemnity as is done in any 
other College or University at home or abroad. The Council, fur- 
ther considering that the petitioners have given the clearest proof 
of their capacity and ability to reach the above valuable ends and 
purposes, they having already professed and taught Medicine with 
good success and advantage, and with the approbation of all the 
learned in that science here, Do therefore unanimously constitute, 
nominate, and appoint Andrew Sinclair and John Rutherford, 
Doctors of Medicine, Professors of the Theory and Practice of 
Medicine, and Andrew Plummer and John Innes, Doctors of Medi- 
cine, Professors of Medicine and Chemistry in the College of Edin- 
burgh, with full power to all of them to profess and teach Medicine 
in all its branches in the said College as fully and freely as the said 
science is taught in any University or College in this or any other 
country : And do, by thir presents, give, grant, and bestow upon 
the said four Professors of Medicine, and of the particular branches 
thereof above mentioned, all the liberties, privileges, and immuni- 
ties that at present or hereafter are or may be enjoyed by the Pro- 
fessors of any other science in the foresaid College, and particularly 
with full power to them to examine candidates, and to do every- 
thing requisite and necessary to the graduation of Doctors of Medi- 
cine as amply and fully, and with all the solemnities that the same 
is practised and done by the Professors of Medicine in any College 
or University whatsoever. And it is hereby further provided and 
declared, that two only of the said Professors of Medicine shall at 
one time have the privilege of voting with the other Professors in 
College affairs ; and that these two enjoy the privilege of deliberat- 
ing on and voting in the affairs of general concern to the College, 
whereanent the Professors have been in use to deliberate and vote, 
in manner after directed, viz. : the said Andrew Sinclair and 
Andrew Plummer are hereby appointed and privileged to deliberate 
and vote with the other Professors in their College affairs, from 
the day of their admission till March 1, 1727, and the said John 
Rutherford and John Innes, from the said 1st March 1727, to enjoy 
the same privilege for the succeeding year ; and so by turns during 
their respective lives, and their continuing in office ; and that this 
act shall take place ad v.itam aut culpain. And it is hereby to 
be understood, that if their number be diminished by death or 
otherwise, the survivors continuing to profess and teach Medicine 

2D 



418 APPENDIX. 

shall enjoy the foresaid privileges. And, lastly, it is hereby ex- 
pressly provided and declared, that the said four Professors, or any 
of them, shall not have any fee or salary for their professing or 
ling Medicine, by virtue of this present Act, or in time coming, 
which shall be payable out of the revenue or patrimony which does, 
or may at any time hereafter, belong to this city, whereanent thir 
presents shall be a warrant. 

" Extracted (Signed) AD. WATT." 

26M August. Considering that by the decease of Dr. John 
Innes, and the valetudinary state of health of Dr. Andrew Sinclair, 
Medicine cannot be so well taught in this College as hitherto ; and 
as Dr. Robert "VVhytt has for a considerable time past taught Medi- 
cine in this city's College to the universal content of all the gentle- 
men learned in that science, and is every other way well recom- 
mended : Therefore the Council elect him one of the Professors of 
the Theory and Practice of Medicine, ad vitam out culpam. in 
room and place of Dr. John Innes, deceased ; but with the provisions, 
conditions, and limitations contained in the Council's act, February 
9, 1726 : Grant him all the emoluments, liberties, privileges, and 
immunities appertaining to the said Professorship, particularly to 
examine candidates, and to do every other thing requisite and neces- 
sary for the graduation of Doctors of Medicine : With this proviso, that 
in case of the death of any of the other three Professors of Medi- 
cine, no new choice or nomination shall be made, but the Theory 
and Practice of Medicine and Chemistry shall be taught by Dr. 
Whytt and the other two surviving Professors : Also, that the said 
Dr. Whytt, by his acceptation hereof, became expressly bound 
punctually to observe and obey all the nets and bye-laws made or 
to be made by the Council touching the government and adminis- 
tration of the College: Also, he should ,irive regular lectures. 

Ordered that Bailie J. Brown, and his committee, install the 
said Dr. Robert Whytt 1 one of the Professors of the Theory and 
Practice of Medicine in the said College. 

2d September. Mr. Matthew Stewart, minister of the gospel at 
Roseneath,' chosen Professor of Mathematics in place of Clin 



A'hytt, son of Robert Whytt prartirc as a physician in 

of Bennochy, Advocate, was an alum- In 1761 he wns made first physi- 

1 th- Tiny; | his Ma My George tin- Thinl. lh-.lic<l 

stuli..l mi -.li.ii,,. :i t K.linlMu-.u'li, ami April 1">, 17<^, in the lil'u - 

M.D. at Illlril!,, in nfhi 

1786. At this titiM- ho v a i\i, M.-ittlicw Stewart was t! 



APPENDIX. 419 

M'Laurin, deceased, ad vitam aut culpam. Salary, ,83, 6s. 8d. 
sterling. 

4M September. The Lord Provost to write to Mr. Matthew 
Stewart, informing him of his election, and expressing that it would 
be agreeable to the Council to know how soon he could conveniently 
be loosed from his pastoral charge at Roseneath, so as to be in 
readiness to enter on the duties of his office against the term of 
Martinmas next. 

VOL. LXVII. 

1th October. Committee on College affairs. 

21s October. Mr. Matthew Stewart appeared in Council, and 
accepted and qualified. Also took and subscribed the oath in the 
Council's act, September 10, 1718. 

30//J December. Kenneth Bayne of Tulloch presents Charles 
Robertson, son to Mr. Francis Robertson, minister of the gospel at 
Clyne, in the shire of Sutherland, to a bursary of Divinity, upon 
Bayne of Tulloch's Mortification, for two years. 

6th January 1748. Andrew Petrie, sou to Robert Petrie, 
minister of the gospel at Cannoby, Bursar of Philosophy on Lord 
Warriston's Mortification. Four years. Presented by Dame Grizell 
Baillie of Jerviswood, relict of the deceased Sir Alexander Murray 
of Stanhope. 

9^ March. Mr. Matthew Stewart to possess the house in the 
College occupied by the late Colin M'Laurin, he always paying 
rent for the same. 

Professor George Stuart, upon his petition, allowed rooms for 
a house in the College, having a great deal of duty in the Library, 
etc., and wishing to keep boarders. 

The petitioner states, that, on his entry to the office of Library- 
keeper, he found the Library in the utmost confusion, without any 
catalogue but a very imperfect press one, by which no book called 
for could be found. The petitioner hath now finished, in three 
volumes, folio, an Alphabetical Catalogue, whereby any book can 
be found at once, to the great expense of his health. He found 
himself obliged to write out one for ordinary use, with a design 
afterwards of writing it over again, in order to make the Library 

of Mr. Dugald Stewart, minister of and studied theology at Edinburgh. He 

Rothesay, in the Isle of Bute, and was was ordained minister of the parish of 

born in the year 1717. He was an Roseneath, on the 9th of May 1745.] 
alumnus of the University of Glasgow, 



420 APPENDIX. 

this winter subservient to the real design of it. The petitioner had 
gone over the whole Library three times, and written out a list of 
books, either lent or lost by his predecessor, to be laid before the 
Council when called for. And whereas Mr. Henderson, for his 
press catalogue alone, though of itself altogether useless, had got a 
gratuity of 50 sterling from the Council, the petitioner only 
begged a place in the College for a dwelling, to be fitted up at his, 
own expense. 

This remitted to the College committee, who report favourably ; 
and therefore Mr. Stuart allowed various adjoining chambers on 
the east side of the upper College court accordingly. Remitted to 
the College committee to fix and ascertain the rent. 

1st July. Tack of the teinds of Dumbarney granted for nine- 
teen years to John Craigie, younger of Dumbarney, Advocate, for 
himself, and in name of the other heritors of the parish of Dum- 
barney, containing an yearly tack-duty of 140 Ibs. 18s. 4d. Scots, 
by and attour the minister's stipend, and eight bolls victual to the 
minister of Dron. 

Wth August. Bursars, viz. : 

Mr. John Mackay, bursar of Divinity on Buchanan's Mortification. 

Mr. James Dunsmuir, bursar of Divinity on Buchanan's Morti- 
fication. 

Mr. Duncan Shaw, bursar of Divinity on Struthers's Mortifica- 
tion. 

Mr. Alexander Cochrane, son of the deceased Mr. Hugh Cochrane, 
minister at Kilmaurs, bursar of Divinity on Struthers's Mortifica- 
tion. 

Mr. Alexander Glen, bursar of Divinity on Chrystie's Mortifica- 
tion. 

Mr. Duncan Campbell, bursar of Divinity on Ramsay's Mortifi- 
cation. 

Alexander Elliot, son to Alexander Elliot, baxter in Edinburgh, 
l.m>ar >f Philosophy on Weir and Jenkin's Mortifications. 

Robert Colvill, son to Walter Colvill, baxter in Edinburgh, bursar 
of Philosophy on Dalgleish's Mortification. 

Archibald Gillies, sou to Gillies, wright in Edinburgh, 

r of Philosophy on Hector Ford's Mortification. 

William Nimrao, son to Patrick Nimmo in Whitcside, bursar of 
Philosophy on Hepburn and Lightbody's Mortification. 

William Siiiix.i). clerk to the baxters of Kdiiil.urgh, bursar of 
Philosophy on Dr. Johnston's Mortification. 



APPENDIX. 421 

Alexander Thomson, bursar of Philosophy on Dr. Johnston's 
Mortification. 

Alexander Tennent, bursar of Philosophy on Dr. Johnston's 
Mortification. 

John Graham Pyot, son to Mr. Alexander Pyot, minister at 
Dunbar, bursar of Philosophy on Sir Andrew Ramsay's Mortifica- 
tion. 

Andrew Manderston, bursar of Philosophy on Hector Ford's 
Mortification. 

5th October. Committee appointed on College affairs. 

VOL. LXVIII. 

1st November 1749. Inter alia, Intimation to be made to Mr. 
George Stuart, Keeper of the Library, that it is the Council's plea- 
sure he should lodge with the city clerks a Catalogue, signed by 
him, of the whole books in or belonging to the Library, containing 
also a full list of the pictures, medals, and other rarities in the 
Library ; and that annually hereafter, before Michaelmas, he deliver 
to the Council a signed Catalogue of the new books entered in 
Stationers' Hall, London, of which he receives a copy, to be added 
to the Council's copy of the Catalogue before mentioned. 

\5th November. 150 sterling to be paid to Mr. Monro, Pro- 
fessor of Anatomy, being his bygone salary due preceding Whit- 
sunday last, in regard the said demand cannot at present be 
answered out of the College funds. 

31s January 1750. It was represented to the Council that the 
Principal and Professors were going to choose a Printer to the Uni- 
versity, and give him a commission accordingly. The Council find 
this an encroachment upon their rights, they having the sole power 
to choose all office- bearers in the University. The Provost there- 
fore to write to the Principal, that there may be a meeting with 
the College about this, that the thing may be adjusted amicably, as 
the Council wish to be on an amicable footing with the College. 
The Provost promises to write accordingly. 

1th February. The Provost reported that he, and sundry mem- 
bers of the Council, had held a conference with Principal Wishart 
and Professors about the subject of Printer, and had shown them, 
from the City's records, that the Council, for upwards of a century 
past, had chosen the Printer to the University. Thereupon the 
Principal and the Professors declared that they would desist from 
their intention. 



422 APPENDIX. 

1th March. Mr. William Maitland, on petition, gets ,40 to 
enable him to proceed in publishing his History of Edinburgh. 1 

4th April. Mr. Sands, College treasurer, produced a missive 
addressed to him, from Mr. George Stuart, Keeper of the College 
Library. With the letter, Mr. Stuart sent him an exact sub- 
scribed catalogue of the books, manuscripts, etc., in the College 
Library, and promised that he would annually for the future send 
a list of the additional books ; he said he had already written two 
Alphabetical Catalogues, and intended to write out a fair copy. 
Mr. Sands produced the aforesaid Catalogue. 

A committee appointed to meet with a committee of the College, 
to compare the Catalogue given in by Mr. Stuart with former Cata- 
logues of the College Library. 

VOL. LXIX. 

6th June 1751. A petition from sundry students, requesting the 
Council would retain Mr. James Robertson, preacher of the gospel, 
to teach Hebrew, etc., in place of Mr. Dawson. Mr. Robertson 
greatly recommended by Joannes Jacobus Schultens, Professor of 
Oriental Languages at Leyden ; also by Dr. Hunt, Regius Professor 
of Hebrew at the University of Oxford. Avisamentum with the 
ministers ordered. 

26 JA June. Mr James Robertson 2 chosen in conjunction with 
Mr. William Dawson ; authorized to take fees. He appears in 
Council, accepts, and qualifies. To be installed in his office in the 
usual form. 

VOL. I.\\ 

1th December. In conse.jiirm'e of some dispute, the town grant 
a new joint commission to Mr. Robertson and Mr. Dawson ; by 
which Mr. Knbrrtson, for his present encouragement, is to have 
tin- house and classroom in the College rent free, with 10 ) ;nlv 

1 [Maitlunil was a Fellow <>! tin- Koyal situation in the Dissenting Academy at 

<>f Kdinl.ur^h N<i thampton. over which tin- well- 

}">>. He died in 17-')7. km>\\n Dr. Doddridire presided. At 

Og a roiisideralde f.irtuiir to his first he adopted in his chis> I '.u \torfs 

n-lativcs in Mnni Hebrew (inimmar; hut hi 1 aftei 

* [At tin- time of his rh-rtion, Flohcrt- published one of his own compilation, 

sun, from the reputation he had ac. which he u>ed in tencliin ; _r. He also 

liiin-1 for his knowle.lp- of the llrhr.-w pul.lished a Key to the IVntatcuch. He 

.uni A '.iieie.i a died on the Mth of November 179&] 



APPENDIX. 423 

of Mr. Dawson's salary, and 20 more yearly from the town, 
during the joint lives of Mr. Dawson and himself; making in all 
30 and a free house. 

*2'2d November 1752. By act of Council, Andrew Syme, burgess 
of Edinburgh, appointed keeper of niortcloths, without salary, and 
to pay monthly 20 pounds Scots out of the perquisites of the said 
office to the College treasurer for the time. 

VOL. LXXI. 

27th June 1753. Appointed Bailie Alexander Grant and his com- 
mittee to visit that part of the College called the Common Hall, 
and to report and bring in an estimate of the repairs necessary 
thereto, under the hands of skilful tradesmen. 

25th July. Report about the Common Hall and roof of the High 
Library in the College. Found that the old roof is ruinous and 
should be renewed, and the walls raised so as to make an attic story. 
Estimated expense, 273, 16s. 7j^d. By this alteration, the Low 
Library could probably be let for upwards of 20 sterling per 
annum. The Council approve of the said report, with this addi- 
tion, that as soon as the books can be all removed from the low old 
Library to the new high intended one, then the former shall be let 
to the highest bidder, for nineteen years, or be let for nineteen 
years as the Council shall think proper. 

~L2th September. Estimate of additional repairs for the High 
Library in the College, 18, 14s. 4d. Authorized to be done under 
the eyes of the committee. 

17^ October. Estimate of additional repairs, 37, 13s. 4d. 
Agreed to. 

1th November. On a representation from Dr. John Stewart, 
Professor of Natural Philosophy, and Mr. Matthew Stewart, Pro- 
fessor of Mathematics, the town agree that, as the High Library of 
the College was at present repairing, the jamb adjoining to the said 
Library should have a flat in place of a scally roof, as presently 
proposed, with a parapet wall round it, so high as to be on a level 
with the Library roof ; which would be particularly useful to the 
professions of the Memorialists. Estimate about 30. 

2~Lst December. Charles Mackie, Professor of Universal His- 
tory, Greek and Roman Antiquities, finding his health considerably 
broke, demits, it being his desire that Mr. John Gordon, a member 
of the Faculty of Advocates, should be conjoined with him in the 



424 APPENDIX. 

said office. Intimation of his demission to be given to the Faculty 
of Advocates. 

2Qth December. A leet presented by the Faculty of Advocates 
to the Town- Council, consisting of Mr. John Gordon, and Mr. 
James Hamilton junior, Advocates. Mr. Gordon chosen, in con- 
junction with Mr. Mackie, Professor of Universal Civil History, 
and Greek and Roman Antiquities, ad vitam aut culpam ; with the 
right of survivancy to the longest liver. Thereafter Mr. Gordon, 
compearing in Council, accepted of the said office, and qualified. 

IQth January 1754. A commission, read and signed in Coun- 
cil, naming and appointing Mr. Charles Mackie and Mr. John 
Gordon conjunct Professors of Universal Civil History, and Greek 
and Koman Antiquities in the University. 

2d February. Mr. John Gowdie, Professor of Divinity, resigns ; 
and the Council order a meeting with the ministers to deliberate 
about a Principal and Professor of Divinity. 

6th February. Having consulted with the ministers of the city, 
the Council elect Mr. John Gowdie, Principal of the College, in 
place of Dr. William Wishart, deceased j 1 and Mr. Robert Hamil- 
ton, minister in Old Greyfriars' Church, Professor of Divinity, 2 in 
place of Mr. Gowdie, resigned. 

VOL. LXXII. 

27/7* March. Commission to Mr. Gowdie, as Principal of the 
University, and to Mr. Robert Hamilton, as Professor of Divinity. 

15M May. On the resignation of Mr. James Davidson, and Mr. 
Thomas Ruddiman, the town appoint Messrs. Gavin Hamilton and 
John Balfour, College printers. They must take the Low Library 
and printing-house under it at 18 per annum, and must furnish 
the College Library with a free copy of what classics they sluill 
print. 

i [Dr. Wishart died on the 12th of required, according to a regulation 
May 17"-"'. | which had oren made by the Town- 

Council, to demit his charire as a mi- 

[M Hamilton was the son nister of tin- < it y. Havim: performed 

of Dr. William Hamilton, who hail tin- duties of a theological IV 

been Professor of Divinity, ami then Mtrly twenty-five years, he retired fhNH 

Prim ipal in tin- I'nh.iMtv. II,- was put-lie lilr, anl, on tin- K'th of Sej>- 

nd. thru tend.er 177'.', Dr. Andrew Hnntrr was 

MWMmivply ininistri of !.,.; conjoined with him in tin- Tin-.: 

Church, and tin- <Md (in \ li I,UN'. On Chair. He died on tin- iM of April 

.lion to the Tln-'l,,-i,-;,J Chair, 17*7. SIT Morrcii's Annals, \ ,.1. ii. j.].. 

before he could !. admitted, he wa 886..>'.', :::'.'. | 



APPENDIX. 425 

une, On resignation of, and representation from, Alexander 
Monro, Professor of Anatomy, bearing that he had taught with suc- 
cess thirty-five years, etc., his son, Alexander Monro, 1 is chosen joint 
with him. N.B. He states, in this representation, that there had 
been more than 200 students of Physic annually for many years 
past at Edinburgh, and that they brought 10,000 at least annually 
to the town. 

10^ July. Alexander Monro senior, and Alexander Monro 
junior, qualify in Council. 

18th July. Commission to them signed. 

21s2 August. Mr. William Cleghorn, on account of bad health, 
resigns his office as Professor of Moral Philosophy. The Council 
a'ccept, and appoint that a meeting be held on Monday next at twelve 
o'clock, to choose a proper person in his room, and that the minis- 
ters of the city be then desired to attend to give their avisamentum. 

28th August. The Provost reports, that avisamentum of the 
ministers had been taken about a successor to Mr. Cleghorn, who 
had died since his resignation. 2 

James Balfour of Pilrig, Advocate, chosen Professor of Pneuma- 
tics and Moral Philosophy. 3 

4th September. Mr. Balfour 's commission granted. 

Mr. Robertson, Professor of Hebrew, to have a house in the 
College, rent free, for seven years. 

\th December. Mr. John Gordon, and Mr. Mackie, demit their 
joint Professorship of Universal Civil History, and Greek and 
Roman Antiquities, and the latter proposes Mr. William Wallace 
junior, Advocate, for a new colleague. Their demission accepted. 
Gordon demitted, that he might be in a condition to accept of the 
Professorship of Civil Law, for which the Faculty of Advocates 
thought him well qualified. In his petition to the Council, he says, 
that he was " sensible himself that he was a better civilian than 
historian." Mackie in his letter to the Council says, that he was 

1 [Alexander Monro, secundus, after a [Balfour was among the first who 
a long and successful career as a physi- combated the sceptical philosophy of 
cian and professor, had associated with Hume, in two treatises ; the one entitled 
him in the Professorship his son, Dr. "A Delineation of Morality," and the 
Alexander Monro, tertius, on the 14th other, " Philosophical Dissertations." 
of November 1798. He died, October 2, He also contested the doctrines con- 
1817, in his eighty-fifth year.] tained in Lord Kames's Essays on Mo- 
rality and Natural Religion. The can- 

2 [Professor Cleghorn died at Edin- dour and good temper with which he 
burgh, on the 23d of August 1754, in wrote commanded the approbation of 
the 36th year of his age.] even his opponents.] 



426 APPENDIX. 

advanced in years, and his health considerably broken ;" and that 
he was " apprehensive that he should not be in a condition much 
longer to give colledges [lectures] on the subject of his profession." 

\\th December. An estimate of windows for the High Library 
given in and approved of. 44, 11s. 6d. sterling. 

\^th December. Intimation of Mr. John Gordon's resignation 
to be given to the Advocates. 

23c? December. Leet given by the Advocates of Mr. William 
Wallace and David Kennedy, Advocates. Mr Mackie demits. 
He and Mr. William Wallace chosen conjunct. 

'I'lil January 1755. Mr. Kobert Dick, Advocate, chosen Pro- 
fessor of Civil Law on the demission of Mr. Kenneth Mackenzie; 
Mr. James Veitch, Advocate, being the other person in the leet. * 

29M January Commission to Mr. Robert Dick read and signed 
in Council. 



VOL. LXXIII. 

3(M July. A new floor ordered for the new Library. The ex- 
pense estimated at 45 sterling, of which the Professors generously 
offered to contribute 20. 

19//i November. Dr. William Cullen, present Professor of Medi- 
cine and Chemistry in the College of Glasgow, 1 conjoined with Dr. 
Andrew Plummer in the office of Professor of Medicine and Che- 
mistry. Dr. Plummer had of late been afflicted with palsy, which 
rendered him unable to discharge the duties of his office. 

10/A December. Dr. Cullen accepts by letter to the Council. 

_'!.</ Jiiniiin-ii 17.">(). The clerks produced in Council a Cata- 
logue of the books in the College Library, made up by Mr. George 
Stuart, the present Lilrary-krej.-r, and >iirncd by him, January 1, 
IT.'tO. (liven to (iilbert Laurie, College treasurer, to be by him 
put into the hands of .Mr. Stuart, upon receipt, that lie may add 
to the Catalogue such books as have been put into the Library since 
the Minn- was made up. 

. Mr. Robert Smith's demission of the Professor- 



i {It is scarcely necessary to remark, taine.l a Kiirn|.r:m n-j-utali-.n. :m<l is 

Dr. i'ullen was our of tin- nx-l >n\<\ \ li:i\i- l>n>u.u'lit him aUmt 3000 

i-miiient mm in tin- ilejiartmeiit of Meli- .sterling. l',r>i.l.-s other works, he }-ul>- 

nn' wlioha\e:idoni''l the riiiv-r>ity of li>he<l a t rea! i>e on Malcria Mr.li.-a. in 

Ivlinl. -jrcat \\<>rk t w.> <|u:irtn Miluim-s. alxuit a year 1-c- 

l'h\^ii- ;" whirli I.TI- liis death, wliic'h took plaee on the 

was first iMil.li>he,l , 177'!. It ol.- fitln.f l-Yl.runry 1700.] 



APPENDIX. 427 

ship of Midwifery in the College of Edinburgh. Thomas Young, 1 
Surgeon, chosen in his place. No salary. 

Gilbert Laurie, College treasurer, demands 250, to enable him 
to pay Professors salaries and Bursars. 

1(M March. Commission to Drs. Cullen and Plummer pre- 
sented and signed in Council. 

28th July. On Dr. Plummer's death, and Dr. Cullen's resigna- 
tion, the latter gets a new commission, as sole Professor of Medicine 
and Chemistry. 

list December. Report of Dr. Cullen's instalment. 

VOL. LXXIV. 

2d February 1757. Mr. Gilbert Laurie, College treasurer's 
accounts from Michaelmas 1755 to Michaelmas 1756 : Charge, 
including 250 got from the late city treasurer, 1616, 19s. 8 T 8 5 d.; 
discharge, including 414, 5s.. 8d. of arrears, 1568, 15s. 9 T ^d. ; 
balance due by him, 48, 3s. H T e g d. 

Ordered George Stuart, Library-keeper, to add to the Cata- 
logue the books purchased or got from Stationers' Hall, or gifted to 
the Library since the Catalogue was given in by him to the 
Council. 

15^/i June. On the request of Alexander Monro senior, a new 
commission granted him and his son, as they were now both Doctors 
of Medicine, which none of them had been formerly. 

23d November. Accounts of Mr. Nisbet, late College treasurer, 
from Michaelmas 1756 to Michaelmas 1757 : Charge, including 
48, 3s. llj^-d. of balance, and 80 imprest into his hands, 
XI 525, 8s. lO^f d. sterling ; discharge, including arrears, 422, 
2s. 10 T 8 od., 1526, 5s. 4f|d. ; balance due to him, 16s. 6d. 

VOL. LXXV. 

~L4th March 1759. Mr. James Guthrie, College treasurer's ac- 
counts, from Michaelmas 1757 to Michaelmas 1758 : Charge, 
1403, 13s. 8d. sterling; discharge, including 16s. 6d., balance 
paid to Mr. Nisbet, last College treasurer, and 419, 10s. ly^d. of 
arrears, 1381, 10s. 7 T %d. ; balance due by him, 22, 3s. O^d. 

Wednesday, 21th June. The Lord Provost having represented 

i [Young opened a class for students confining his attention to the ecluca- 
in this branch of medical practice, not tion of females.] 



428 APPENDIX. 

that as there is a vacancy in the Professorship of Natural Philo- 
sophy, by the decease of Dr. John Stewart, and that it is expedient 
and necessary the said office should be forthwith supplied with a fit 
and well- qualified person, the Council therefore resolve that, on 
Friday next, at four o'clock afternoon, the Magistrates meet in the 
Laigh Council -house, and that the ministers of the city be then 
desired to attend, to give their avisamentum anent the choice of a 
Professor for supplying the said vacancy. 

4th July. On the Provost's report, that the ministers had ap- 
proved of Mr. Adam Ferguson, he is chosen in place of Dr. John 
Stewart deceased. 1 

VOL. LXXVI. 

26/A December. Gilbert Laurie, College treasurer's accounts: 
His charge, including arrears and 250 impressed into his hands 
by Mr. Guthrie, city treasurer, 1652, Is. 5 T 2 2 d. ; his discharge, 
1584, 8s. l T 8 2 d. ; balance due by him, 67, 13s. 3 T 6 2 d. 

27^ Ju ne 1760. The Town- Council considering that there is 
no Professor of Rhetoric in this city's University, and that the 
Reverend Dr. Hugh Blair, one of the ministers of this city, has for 
some time past taught that branch of literature with universal 
applause ; and being satisfied that the teaching of Rhetoric in the 
University would be of singular use to students, and a great benefit 
to the city; and knowing by experience that the said Dr. Blair is 
fully qualified for that office : Therefore the Council elect the said 
Dr. Blair to be Professor of Rhetoric in the University, without a 
salary. 

6/A August. Commission to Dr. Blair 2 read and signed in 

[Mr. Stewart died ,,n the 12th of [Dr. Hugh Blair, who was the 

7~''.>. Dr. Adam Ferguson, his sue- great-grandson of Mr. Robert I>1 air, 

cessor, was the son of Adam Ferguson, minister of St. Andrews, wa- minister 

minister of Lo^iernit, in the Presbyter)- first of Collcssie in Fife, and then sm-- 

of Dunkeld. lit- was educated at the cessively of the ( 'anoii^.itc. I.a.i . 

grammar-school of IVrth and at the tor's, and the High Church, Edinburgh, 

'. Andrew-,. Haxinjr f which last he was removed in 1 7>. 

Btudied for the Church, lie. acted for His lectures on Rhetoric and B 

Rome time as chaplain to the 42(1 Regi- Lettres excited so gnat interest, that 

inent ; and in 17"'7 he l.ec.-ime tutor in his Majesty George III. was induced to 

lily .f the Karl of Bute. FergU- endow tin- chair in M^l. Alter having 

iccesshely filled the been delivered for twenty-eight years, 

'lilMsophy and Mathe- they wen- juiMished ; Blair receiving 

'it- author of various for the copyright .t'1/iOO. He <i 

II. died at St. Andrews, in the L'7lh ,,V Deeeinher 1800, in the 

lity-thild veai ..( his a;_'e. ] 



APPENDIX. 429 

Council, and Mr. Gilbert Laurie ordered to install him as Professor 
of Rhetoric. 

17 'th December. Dr. Cullen, at the request of the students of 
Medicine, had, in consequence of the death of Dr. Charles Alston, 
agreed to teach Materia Medica for this session, should he obtain 
the approbation of the honourable patrons of the University. A 
petition from the students of Medicine to the Town- Council craving 
authority for this. The Council recommend to the Lord Provost 
to meet and converse with Dr. Cullen and the other Professors, and 
do as he thinks proper. 

25th April 1761. Dr. John Hope 1 elected Professor of Botany 
and Materia Medica, in place of Dr. Charles Alston, deceased, with 
salary, and to be keeper of the city's Botanic garden. 

~L3th May. Kemit to the College committee to consider the 

account given in by , the attorney appointed by the 

Council, for recovering a legacy bequeathed to the city's College by 
Hugh Woodside, formerly of the city of Dublin, and late of Castle 
town, within the diocese of Sodor and Man ; and they to report. 

16M September. Accounts of Mr. John Coutts, College treasurer, 
from Michaelmas 1759 to Michaelmas 1760 : Charge, including 
former balance and arrears, 1499, 4s. lOyf d. sterling ; discharge, 
1504, 13s. lO^d. ; balance due to him, 5, 8s. ll^d. Recom- 
mend now, as frequently before, to endeavour to recover arrears 
due to the College, particularly those due by the daughters of Sir 
Robert Chiesly, and James Scott, chemist. 



VOL. LXXVII. 

October 1761. Committee on College affairs, etc. Any 
five a quorum, the preses always one. 

Qth December. Catalogue of the College Library to be inquired 
after by the College treasurer, that the new books obtained since 
the last Catalogue was made up may be added to it. 

5th March 1762. Remit to the College committee to see what 
is due to Principal Gowdie's widow of the salary which was payable 
to her deceased husband, and to report. 

March. Dr. William Robertson, one of the ministers of 



1 [Dr. Hope, after attending the of M.D. at Glasgow, on the 29th of 

Medical classes at home, prosecuted his January 1750. He died on the 10th of 

studies for some time abroad. On his November 1786.] 
return to Scotland he took the degree 



430 APPENDIX. 

the city, proposed in Council as a most proper person to be 
Principal, in place of Dr. John Gowdie, deceased. A committee 
of the whole Council had previously met, and had unanimously 
agreed to elect him. The avisamentum of the ministers had also 
been taken, and they had no objection. Dr. Robertson elected. 
Granted him the salary belonging to that office, and the house, with 
the orchard, in the said University, as the same was lately possessed 
by the said deceased Mr. John Gowdie ; but under this express 
condition, that as long as he is a minister of the city, he shall not 
be entitled to the sum of 500 marks allowed each of the ministers 
of this city for house rent, in respect he possesses a house as Prin- 
cipal of the College. Dr. Robertson 1 being called upon, appean <! 
in Council, accepted of the said office, and took the oath de fideli 
adm inistratione. 

1th April. Legacy of books left by Hugh Woodside, of the Isle 
of Man, to the College. 

14/A April. Bailie Hog represents that he had recovered the 
Catalogue of the College Library, which had been long amissing : 
that he had given it to Professor George Stuart, the Librarian, to 
add books got since 1757 : that Mr. Stuart is now employed in 
making two catalogues, a press one, of the whole books as put in 
the presses ; and an alphabetical one ; and therefore he moved the 
Council for their directions thereanent : that it will be a year before 
Mr. Stuart can make up said catalogues, and, when done, he pro- 
posed to give the press catalogue to the Council. Approve, and 
recommend to the College treasurer to take Professor Stuart's 
receipt for the said catalogue. 

Iftth June. 100 for repairs in the Principal's house. He is 
t have no further claim during his incumbency. 

30M June. A commission from his Majesty, dated 21st of May 
la>t. in favour of Mr. Robert Gumming, appointing him Prof 

il History in the University, and third Professor of 
Divinity, in place of his father, Dr. Patrick Camming, who had re- 
signed. \\a< ival. Mr. John P>ro\\n. tiva.-nrcr, in behalf of himself, 
the Ma_'i-trat<-. Council, and community, protests that this piv- 



' ( Prill- i]>.il l!t.l.rrt-..n. wlm had Keen nanu-ly in 17'il, lit- was removed t<> the 

first mingle] nfCladsnniir.where heu:i- Old (Jre\ friar*', in which lie had 

ordained in M:t\ 17 i I. \\as at this time eiated with him, as his roHni^i. 

minister -| i ^ .-luin-li, Kdin- John Enkine, in 1767. H- died "ii the 

been tran*latd llthof June 1793, in the seventy-* 

in 17f' s ' aftor liin -lr.-ti..n. yi-ar of his age.] 



APPENDIX. 431 

sentation shall not prejudge the town's right to the patronage of the 
said College. The Council agree to admit Mr. Cumming into the 
said office, under the foresaid protestation, saving and reserving to 
the city all their rights to the said College, and appoint Bailie Hog 
to install him accordingly. 

6th July. Report that Mr. Robert Cumming had been in- 
stalled. 

21st July. A commission from his Majesty, dated 27th April 
last, nominating and presenting Dr. Hugh Blair, one of the minis- 
ters of Edinburgh, Regius Professor of Rhetoric and Belles Lettres 
in the University. Dr. Blair admitted under protest, as usual in 
King's presentations. 

4th August. Report that Dr. Blair had been installed. Council 
approve. 

VOL. LX XVIII. 

20th October. Mr. Lindsay, depute-clerk, delivered at the table, 
to Mr. William Ramsay, College treasurer, the Catalogue of the 
College Library, which was put into Mr. Lindsay's hands last 
Council day by Mr. Hog, old Bailie. 

16th December. Report of repairs made in Dr. Robertson's 
house, to the extent of nearly .200. The Council adhere to former 
agreement (act 16th June last), and order only 100 to be 



12th January 1763. Professor George Stuart demits the office 
of Librarian by a letter to the Lord Provost. 

Mr. James Robertson, Professor of Hebrew and Oriental Lan- 
guages in the College, chosen Librarian in his place, ad vitam 
aut culpam. The books to be delivered over to him with the cata- 
logues. All the salaries and perquisites. To be obliged in the 
month of December every year to give in a list of all the books 
purchased, gifted, or which shall accrue to the College the year 
preceding. Professor Stuart liable to make good all the books, 
with every other thing belonging to the Library during his time. 

16th June. Representation from the Barons of Exchequer 
about the new Botanic garden. The Barons had made a report to 
the Lords of the Treasury relative to the petition of Dr. John Hope, 
Professor of Botany, and to the capital sum and annual expense 
that would be necessary to erect and maintain a Botanic garden ; 
and particularly, had signified to their Lordships that they were 



432 APPENDIX. 

informed that the present Botanic garden * belonging to the town of 
Edinburgh might be let for '25 per annum, which would reduce 
the expense of maintaining the new one to the annual charge of 
69, 3s. ; and that the Magistrates, in consideration of the benefit 
which would accrue to the public, and the town of Edinburgh in par- 
ticular, from the increase of the study of Physic there, were willing 
that the rent of the said garden should be applied towards the ex- 
pense of maintaining such new Botanic garden as might be erected 
in the neighbourhood of the city. The Barons, before proceeding 
further in the affair, expected a report on it from the Town- Council. 

Remit to a committee, with power to examine into the state of 
the present Botanic garden, and what rent the same may be set for, 
and to give an answer to the Barons. 

20th July. Report by committee of a report prepared by them 
to be laid before the Barons of Exchequer about the Botanic 
garden : That as your Lordships had made a report to the Lords 
of the Treasury relative to the petition of Dr. John Hope, of the 
capital sum for laying out the garden, and the annual expense 
necessary for keeping the same, etc. : In obedience to your Lord- 
ships' orders, we humbly report that Dr. Hope has two Botanical 
gardens at present, one at the new Port, given to the Professor of 
Botany by the Town- Council, during their pleasure, by their act, 
dated 14th February 1739 ; .by which they also give him a house 
belonging to the city for his gardener to inhabit, also during their 
pleasure, rent free, the Professor being obliged to keep it in good 
order. The garden, however, is the property of the Trinity Hospital, 
and the city rent it for 5 per annum. The other garden is part 
of the garden of Holyroodhouse, granted to the family of Hamilton, 
which the late Dukes, and tutors of the present Duke, have per- 
mitted the Professor of Botany to enjoy. The gardener's house, 
given him by the city, might be let for 6 per ;mmim. The Coun- 
cil, however, were willing to give annually, in all time coining, the 
25 to make up the 94, 3s. necessary to maintain the new Botanic 
garden. The report approved of by the Council. 

> [That is, the old llotanieal garden, this spot \v:is \\cll chosen, and under 

It was sit u;it-.l on tin- low ground east Dr. Hope's superintendence it was 

North Bridge, and adjacent to reckoned to l>e one of the most com- 

Trinity Hospital. It was of small ex- plcte Botanical gardens in Kurope. The 

ind the situation was not well present Botanical garden is .situated 

1 for the cultivation of plants. near Inverleith Row, l.cyi.nd Canon- 

The new Botanical vr.udrn lay on the mills, ;i situation admiralty titled in 

west side of Leitli Walk. At the time even' respect for the purpose.] 



APPENDIX. 433 



TOL. LXXIX. 

1th September. Provost Greorge Drummond. Act authorizing 
the reception of the books and curiosities belonging to the Corpora- 
tion of Surgeons into the College Library and Museum on certain 
conditions ; viz., that the members of the said corporation shall have 
leave to borrow books as any other Civis, upon their society paying 
5 sterling per annum. 1 (N.B. The Council here acknowledge 
the Faculty of the University.) 

15/7* February 1764. On the resignation of Patrick Crockat, 
janitor of the College, he, with John Innes, appointed joint janitors. 

14/A March. Six guineas, instead of three formerly, allowed in 
time coming annually to the Library for coals, as there was a ne- 
cessity for having two fires in the present Library, instead of one 
as before. 

21s March. A room in the College to be repaired for the 
Librarian, the expense not to exceed 6, 12s. 6d. 

VOL. LXXX. 

Wednesday, \th May. Mr. James Balfour of Pilrig resigns 
the office of Professor of Pneumatics and Moral Philosophy. The 
Council resolve that Mr. Adam Ferguson, present Professor of 
Natural Philosophy in the City's College, shall be nominated and 
appointed in his place. 

The Council also resolve that Mr. James Russell, surgeon-apo- 
thecary in Edinburgh, shall be nominated and appointed to the 
Chair of Natural Philosophy, in place of Mr. Ferguson : And to 
take the avisamentum of the ministers of the city before the fore- 
said vacancies are filled up. Meeting of the Council with the 
ministers to be held in laigh Council House on Friday next, at 
twelve o'clock. 

23c? May. Mr. Ferguson elected Professor of Pneumatics and 
Moral Philosophy, with the former salary : also authorized to take 
fees from the students as any other Professor in the University, 
notwithstanding any act of Council to the contrary ; and if there 
be any such act, it is hereby declared to be repealed. 

Mr. James Russell 2 elected Professor of Natural Philosophy. 

i [This arrangement with the College 2 [Mr. Russell died on the 17th of 

of Surgeons has proved anything but October 1773. His son, of the same 

advantageous to the interests of the name, became Professor of Clinical Sur- 

University Library.] gery in the University.] 

2 E 



434 

They both qualify. 

King's commission, dated May 5th, current, to Mr. James Balfour, 
Advocate, to be Professor of the Law of Nature and Nations, 1 in 
the room of Mr. Robert Bruce, presented and read. 

Resolve to admit Mr. Balfour, under the usual protestation. 
Bailie John Stephen appointed to install Messrs. Balfour, Fer- 
guson, and Russell. 

4th July. Upon petition of Dr. Alexander Monro, he gets 300 
to build a new theatre. N.B. In this petition the Doctor n> 
that within these forty years, the Town had received from the students 
of Anatomy, on the lowest computation, above 300,000, and 
during the last twenty years, above 10.000 per annum. The Doctor 
advances the 300, to be repaid, 100 annually for three years. 

1st August. Act appointing 30 sterling to be paid to Mr. 
James Robertson, Librarian, for his great and indefatigable trouble 
in putting the Library in order ; and the like sum of 30 sterling 
to be paid him next year, in full of all demand for his trouble and 
expense. 

3e? October. William Hog, junior, elected College treasurer. 

10th October. Committee on College affairs named. 

19/A December. Act agreeing to pay not only the 300, as 
formerly, to Dr. Monro for his theatre, but afterwards 80, 19s. 2d. 
in 'June 1768, upon his granting, before receiving the first payment 
(namely the first 100 of the 300), an obligation to convey to 
the University, at his death, his whole anatomical preparations, 
unless the circumstances of his family should alter, so as to make 
it necessary for him to dispose of them for their behoof. 

0//i January 17<>f>. Patrick Neill, upon petition, allowed to 

H the ground-floor under the old Library, which was now to 

be fitted up for a musi-um. It had been u-ed as a printing-hottM 

by him and his partners, printers. Mrr<. Hamilton and Halfour. 

but which company had been lately dissol\ 

Vol.. |.\\\I. 

19M June. On petition of Principal liohcrtson, the old Library. 
late a printing house, to be fitted up for a museum for natural 
curi< th.- sum of 150 sterling. The work intrusted t. 

the Collei:,- eommi'' 

11M ,s'/y,/r ///. On p.'litioii from I>r. H-.j-e. >< tting forth that 

i fffctlfimr iliMiiilti-1 t!ii< diair in 177'.'. atnl ilii-.l :it an ailvnii. I'ilriir. 

on tlir'Itli ..f.Marrh K 



APPENDIX. 435 

he had received considerable sums, at different times, from the Ex- 
chequer, for fitting up the new Botanic garden in Leith Walk, and 
craving to have the 25 per annum promised by the Council paid, 
due for the year preceding the 1st of May last. The Town-Council, 
considering that as Dr. Hope is still in possession of the Physic 
garden at the new Port, whereof the rent is 5 per annum, and of 
the gardener's house, valued at 6 yearly, he can be entitled only to 
14 yearly, until he cede these to the city. After such cession, 
the city treasurer is authorized to begin and continue to pay him 
the 25 annually. 

13<A November. Mr. John Erskine of Carnock, Advocate, re- 
signs his office of Professor of Scots Law. Intimation ordered to 
be given to the Advocates, that they may send a leet of two to the 
Council. Thanks voted to Mr. Erskine for his good services. 

20th November. Mr. William Wallace resigns his joint Pro- 
fessorship of Universal Civil History, etc., with Mr. Charles Maekie. 

A leet from the Advocates of Mr. William Wallace and Mr. Hay 
Campbell, Advocates. Mr. Wallace chosen in place of Mr. Erskine 
resigned. 

4th December. Mr. Charles Mackie resigns in toto. His resig- 
nation accented, and this to be intimated to the Dean and Faculty 
of Advocates. 

Ylth December. On a leet from the Advocates of Mr. William 
Baillie and Mr. John Pringle, sent by the Advocates, Mr. John 
Pringle is chosen by the Council in place of Mr. Mackie, Professor 
of Universal Civil History, etc. 

18th December. Commissions to Mr. Wallace and Mr. Pringle 
read and signed in Council. 

\bth January 1766. Petition from Principal Robertson, setting 
forth that the want of a sufficient number of classes or rooms for 
teaching had been long felt in the College, especially of late, 
when the number of students had considerably increased, and pro- 
posing that the walls of the old Library, now the Museum, should 
be raised, to furnish more apartments above, viz., one for a Natural 
Philosophy class, the other for an additional room to the Library. 
Expense, 234, 11s. 4d. The consideration thereof recommitted 
to the College committee, to cause execute the work. 

5th February. College treasurer's account from Michaelmas 
1764 to Michaelmas 1765 : Charge, including arrears, 1634, 
lls. 9d. sterling; discharge, 1638, 19s. lO^d. ; balance due to 
him, 4, 8s. l^ 2 d. 



436 APPENDIX. 

12//i February. Upon the resignation of Dr. John Rutherford, 
the Council unanimously elect Dr. John Gregory 1 to be Professor 
and Teacher of the Practice of Medicine. Thanks voted to Dr. 
Rutherford for his long and faithful services, and the Lord Provost 
to ask the favour of Dr. Rutherford that he would continue his 
teaching for this course of his lectures till the same are finished. 

SOth April. On Dr. Cullen's resignation of the Professorship of 
Medicine and Chemistry, Dr. Joseph Black, late physician in Glas- 
gow, 8 elected in his place, with privilege to examine candidates and 
graduate them witli all the solemnity practised or done by the Pro- 
fessors of Medicine in this or any other University whatsoever. 

Dr. Cullen chosen Professor of the Institutions of Medicine, in 
place of Dr. Robert Whytt, deceased. 

VOL. LXXXII. 

'27th August. Proposal to have a city chamberlain chosen, to 
manage the city's money affairs. To act first as city treasurer. 
Hugh Buchan elected. 

17th September. Commissions to Dr. Cullen and Dr. Black read 
and signed. 

26M November. Chamberlain ordered to pay sums ^p tradesmen 
for College repairs. 

\Qth December. William Stewart chosen under- janitor, in place 
of James Watson, deceased. 

VOL. LXXXII I. 

lil Xi-jtti'tnl,<>r 1707. David Wilkie. student of Divinity, Piv>- 
bytery's Bursar. 

H'tt/i December. Town-Council's College committee to meet 
with a committee from tin- University about rebuilding the College. 

i [Dr. John (Iiv^ory, who was born himself to the study of Medicine, and 

at Abtniften, after pTBetfeblg Medk&M had succeeded Dr. ('ullen in tin- I'ni- 

atnl Surgery in his native city, settled vcrsity of (JIasjrow in tin- < 'licinical 

in Kdinburj/h in 17*!;". when- he soon Chair. He ::!M> <leliv<-n -d lecti;. 

rose to emincnre. ami obtained a lar^e the Institutes of Medicine in that rni- 

I'Hiitice. He did not occupy the chair versity. lie died on the 'JlJth of No- 

wliieh he adorned many y.-ais. having venilier 17'.'1'. in the se\ < nly-th I 

i the I'Uh f I'VbiuaiA 177:!. in of his airc. His life was \\rittm by 

I his ap 1 . His Trofessor .John Mol>ison, \\lio edited 

itti-li b\ I.OM! \Voodhonselee. is llis 1,-rti. . Sec 

a skct.'l, ,f his Lite by Dr. Adam 
;isoii. in Transjictioiis o! tin : 

[Dr. Illa.k, n .elrbi.-ited for his Society oi Kditib,u;_'h. vol. v. j.].. KH- 
diCOVf! li-tiy. had devoted 117.] 



APPENDIX. 437 

23d December. Report from the committee. The accommoda- 
tion, the various apartments, and the dimensions of each apart- 
ment, to be concerted by the Professors, that architects may be 
desired to prepare plans and estimates. Subscription papers to be 
sent to London, as many of the most wealthy and considerable per- 
sons, both of our own country and of the southern part of the 
Island, are assembled at London during the meeting of Parliament, 
and as subscriptions may be expected from both ; many Englishmen 
of rank and opulence being now connected with the University of 
Edinburgh. 

Sederunt the above committee : 

COLLEGE COMMITTEE. Councillor Simpson. 

Bailie Miller, Preses. Deacons Butter and Paterson. 
Dean of Guild Leannonth. 

Old Bailie Wright. FROM THE UNIVERSITY. 

Old Dean of Guild Dairy mple. Principal Robertson. 

Old Treasurer Hogg. Professor Hamilton. 

Mr. Nicol, second Merchant Professor Wallace. 

Councillor. Professor Russell. 

Mr. Cleland, second Trades' Dr. Gregory. 

Councillor. 

Subscription paper inserted in Town -Council Records. 
(N.B. In the subscription paper, four Faculties are acknow- 
ledged by the Town- Council, those of Theology, Law, Medicine, 
and Arts.) Council approve of the intended scheme, in which the 
interest of the community was so much concerned. In the sub- 
scription paper it is said that " a great many students resort from 
all parts of his Majesty's dominions, as well as from foreign coun- 
tries, to the University of Edinburgh," but that " the buildings in 
the said University are extremely mean and inconvenient, and 
several of them in a very ruinous condition." The proposal was 
to " provide a Library-room, a Museum, a Hall, and proper 
school or teaching-rooms for the several classes, as well as houses 
for the Principal and Professors." This, it is added, would be of 
national advantage, and tend to encourage literature, and to pro- 
mote the nourishing state of the University. 

~LQth February 1768. Fourteen bursars chosen. 

VOL. LXXXIV. 
1st June. Dr. John Hope resigns the office of Professor of 



438 APPENDIX. 

Materia Mcdiea, a branch of the Professorship of Botany, which 
la-r. however, he retains, with all the salaries he had hitherto en- 
joyed, by a commission from the Town-Council, when chosen at 
lirst Professor of Botany, April 29, 1701. 

The Provost at the same time produced in Council a commission 
from his Majesty, of date May 23, 1768, nominating and appoint- 
ing Dr. Francis Home to be Regius Professor of Materia Medica 
in the University of Edinburgh. 

Accept Dr. Hope's resignation, and disjoin the Professorship of 
Materia Medica from Botany, and admit the said commission from 
his Majesty in favour of Dr. Home, under the usual reservation. 
They then proceed to elect, nominate, and appoint Dr. Francis 
Home to be Professor of Medicine and Materia Medica. with all 
rights, etc., as any other Professor, and order a commission to be 
made out in his favour. Bailie Hepburn to install Dr. Home. 1 

Jo/A July. Petition of Professor James Robertson, Professor of 
Hebrew, and Librarian, in relation to his expense in making the 
Alphabetical Catalogue. He sets forth that he soon perceived that 
it would be impossible for one man to do the business of the Lib- 
rary, after the new regulations, and at the same time to write a 
catalogue of the books so soon as was absolutely necessary, to render 
the Library useful for the students ; he therefore hired an assistant 
.Vr. Duke Gordon), at 15 per annum, with board, and also three, 
and sometimes four, students, to be employed with himself, at five 
shillings per week, who for the most part dined with him during 
the carrying on of this work : That he having in the years ITtio 
ami 1714 finished one copy of a catalogue of all the books contained 
in tin- traiiM rihfd a fair copy thereof to lie in the Library: 

That in consequence of a representation by Principal Robertson, he 
had then received 00 sterling from the Town-Council : That in 
17U and 17<i">. he proceeded to cut down the first Catalogue, which 
was written only on one lar^e pa^ 1 : and then, with the aid of his 
.nit, ami the students employed still at the same weekly ex- 
. to write an Alphabetical Catalogue, which he has now finished, 
in f'> ; He hoped, therefore, that the patrons would 



1 (I' i il'.inr. luim r.n tin- irito afterwards became Profeesor of the 

n.l.i-i- 171'.', was tin- third 1'rartin- >f Mi-ilirinr. II. ilinl on the 

" "' . in l")1li of i'Yl'inaiy 1M:',. at tin- ailvain-i-il 

irk. In 1. .,f niiirtv-thw \i-ars anl tlnvr 

-nc- month*. He \\;is tin- author ol \ 

n. IM. .laiiu"- Home. \vork-. | 



APPENDIX. 439 

consider the Necessity and utility of this work, often enjoined to his 
predecessors, but never before accomplished, and the great expense 
attending it, and the time and great labour expended upon it. In 
consequence of his having finished the said catalogues, and the late 
regulations made anent the management of the Library, there had 
been an accession of books, amounting to 1100 sterling, since the 
commencement of that necessary work. During the two first years 
he had no salary. Praying therefore for a reward and recompense. 

The facts are attested in a letter to the Town-Council, dated 
April 29, 1768, by Principal Robertson, by whom Professor 
Robertson is recommended for his great industry. 

11 emitted to the College committee. Bailie Hepburn reports 
favourably, finding a balance due to the petitioner of 85, 8s. lid. 
sterling. The Council order this sum to be paid. The Provost 
authorized to return thanks to Professor Eobertson, and further, 
a gratification of seventy guineas to be allowed him for his own 
trouble. 

14th September. Chamberlain's College account from Michaelmas 

1766 to Martinmas 1767 : His charge, with arrears, 1405, 
8s. 5^d. ; his discharge, 1816, 10s. 5^d. ; balance, paid by the 
chamberlain out of the city's proper revenue, 411, 2s. 0-^d. 

12^ October. Committee on College affairs. 

VOL. LXXXV. 

12^ April 1769. On petition of Dr. Cullen, the town allow him 
and Dr. John Gregory to teach alternately the Theory and Practice 
of Physic during their joint lives or incumbencies ; reserving to the 
Town- Council the full right, upon the death of either of them, or 
their otherwise quitting their profession, to fill up the vacancy as 
if the said appointment had never been made. 

15th September. Chamberlain's College accounts from Martinmas 

1767 to Martinmas 1768 : Charge, including arrears depending in 
last account, 1095, 4s. 9^d. sterling ; discharge, 1801, 7s. 3^d. ; 
balance, paid by him out of the city's revenue, 706, 2s. 6^d. 

VOL. LXXXVI. 

2Qth December. Alexander Wardrop, student of Divinity, sou 
of Alexander Wardrop, in the parish of Whitburn, preferred to the 
Bursary of Divinity, on Convener Wardrop's Mortification. 

'24th January 1770. Petition of Dr. Robert Ramsay, setting 



440 APPENDIX. 

forth that he had been appointed by the King Regius Professor 
of Natural History on the 13th of March 1767, with a salary 
of 70 per annum, and Keeper of the Museum in the University, 
and praying to be admitted Professor, under the usual reservation 
of the town's right in the case of Regius Professors, and to be 
appointed by the town Keeper of the Museum with a commission 
from them. Granted, on condition he conform to all the regulations 
of the town, and deliver to the clerk a full list or inventory of all 
the curiosities or rarities belonging to the University. 1 

28th February. Council appoint the Dean of Guild and his 
Council to admit and receive Dr. Robert Ramsay to be burgess 
and guild-brother of this city, for good services done by him to the 
interest thereof. 



VOL. LXXXVII. 

29/A August. Chamberlain's College account from Martinmas 
1768 to Martinmas 1769 : Charge, including arrears, 901, 10s. ; 
discharge, 1837, 17s. 8 T 7 ^d. ; balance, paid by the chamberlain 
out of town's revenue, 936, 7s. 8 y.,d. 

iQth December. On a presentation of Captain Ninian Lewis, 
heir to the deceased Robert Lewis, M.D., Edinburgh, Mr. Archibald 
Smellie, schoolmaster in Lanark, appointed to the Bursary of Philo- 
sophy, on the united Mortifications of M'Caul and Wright, lately 
possessed by Alexander Wilson. 



MM.. lAXXVIII. 

February 1771. On presentation of William Livingston 
of Parkhall, Andrew Bonnet, son to the deceased John Bonnet. 
surgeon in Falkirk, appointed Bursar of Philosophy, on Mitchell 
of .Mitchills Mortification. 

1 \lh September. Chamberlain's College account from Martinmas 
17*>! to .Martinmas 1770: Charge, including arrears, '.''J'J. !<>>. 
S 1 tf j d. ; discharge, X'L"J 7'.'. 8s, H,-\d. ; balance, paid by the cham- 
l.rrlain out of th.- oty'l revenue. i:i:>li. L3. 'J^d. 

"20th Nni'cnJ^r. The city chamberlain authorized to write a 
l.-tter to tin- ciders of Xanio-c. in Poland, intimating the vacancy of 
a Polish student on Brown's Mortification, there having been for 
is no I'oli.-h student on the said .Mortification. 

' (Dr. U.-uim.-iy .linl on 11,,- l.ltli of I), romWr 1778.] 



APPENDIX. 441 



VOL. LXXXIX. 

llth December. A Latin letter, signed Hugo Buchan, to the 
Consistory of Zamose in Poland, inviting them to send a Polish 
student to the College of Edinburgh, on Brown's Mortification. 

29th July 1772. Chamberlain's College account from Martinmas 
1770 to Martinmas 1771 : Charge, including arrears, 957, Is. 
5^d. ; discharge, 2721, 12s. 2 I ? 5 d. ; balance paid by the cham- 
berlain out of the city's revenue, 1764, 10s. 9^d. 



VOL. xc. 

December. A letter read from Mr. Robert Hunter, Pro- 
fessor of Greek in this city's University, stating his having given 
private colleges in the Greek language in the city of Edinburgh 
for ten years ; arid then, on the presentation of the Council, accept- 
ing of the Greek Professorship, though at that time, and for several 
years after, without a salary ; and his having held for thirty years 
that office, he hoped to the satisfaction of all concerned ; and now 
wishing, as he was so far advanced in years, to retire, he proposed 
Mr. Andrew Dalzel, present tutor to the Earl of Lauderdale's sons, 
for a colleague and successor. 

The Council remit to the Principal and Faculty of the College, 
to consider if it would be advisable for the Council to grant the 
commission, as desired ; also to report with respect to Mr. Dalzel's 
qualifications for the -said office. 

The Lord Provost also produced in Council the minutes and re- 
port of the said Faculty, as follows : 

" COLLEGE OP EDINBURGH, December 10, 1772. 

" Present at a University meeting, Principal Robertson, Pro- 
fessors George Stuart, Hunter, Robertson, Cumming, Ferguson, 
Young, Blair, and Russell. The meeting being constituted by 
prayer by Principal Robertson, preses, the Principal laid before 
the Faculty a letter from the Lord Provost, enclosing a letter from 
Mr. Robert Hunter, Professor of Greek, addressed to the Magis- 
trates and Town- Council, wherein he represents, that having dis- 
charged the office of Greek Professor in this University, for upwards 
of thirty years, to the best of his abilities, and he hopes, not without 
success, and the approbation of the public, he now finds from his 
advanced age that retirement from the labour of teaching would be 



442 APPENDIX. 

a great relief to him, and therefore resigns his office into the hands 
of the Magistrates and Town- Council ; requesting that Mr. Andrew 
Dalzel, whom he judges well qualified for the office, may be elected 
conjunct Professor with him ; and that the Magistrates and Town- 
Council had remitted it to the Faculty of the College to consider 
if it would be advisable for the Council to comply with the said re- 
quest, and also to report concerning Mr. Dalzel's qualifications for 
the office. 

" The Principal, and several of the Professors present, informed 
the meeting that they were acquainted with Mr. Dalzel, and had 
such an opinion of his literature, abilities, and prudence, that they 
judged him well qualified for the office. Professor Hamilton, who 
was absent, sent a letter to the meeting, expressing his approbation 
of Mr. Dalzel, to the same purpose. But the Faculty, in order that 
they might communicate to their honourable patrons the most satis- 
factory evidence concerning Mr. Dalzel's abilities, appointed Princi- 
pal Robertson, Professors Hamilton, George Stuart, and Ferguson, 
to meet at twelve o'clock Saturday next, as a committee of their 
number, to examine Mr. Dalzel, and to take trial of his knowledge 
in the Latin and Greek languages, and to report to a meeting of 
Faculty, appointed to be held on Monday the 14th current, at twelve 
o'clock forenoon." 

" COLLEGE, EDINBURGH, December 14, 1772. 

"Present at a University meeting, Principal Robertson, Pro- 
fessors Hamilton, G. Stuart, Hunter, Robertson, Gumming, Russell. 
Blair, and Black. The meeting being constituted by prayer by 
Principal Robertson, preses, the Principal laid before the Faculty 
a report from the committee appointed by last meeting, the tenor 
whereof foBoWB : k Collcye, Edinburgh, 1'lth December 177'J. In 
obedience to the appointment of the Faculty, we took trial of Mr. 
Dal/el's knowledge in the Latin and Greek languages, at consider- 
able length. He read and explained several passages of different 
Latin and (I rock authors, in prose as well as verse, and gave such 
>;ifi>t;ictory aiiMvrrs tn the questions proposed to him. that we do 
r-|i-irt it a- our opinion, that he is well qualified for the station of 
Prot'osor ill i reek in the l"nivci>ity. . Signed * \\'II,UAM ROBERT- 
Km, EtOBUn II \MII.T-. \. QftOMl Sn AKT, ADAM FERGUSON.' 

" Tn consideration of which, as well as from the personal know 

which many '1 tin- members have of Mr. Dftlzel's character. 

the faculty d<> unanimously offer it as their opinion, that Mr. Mal/el 

i- \\tll -jualitied fur the office of Greek: and if their honourable 



APPENDIX. 44:; 

patrons shall judge it proper to elect him, they are persuaded the 
nomination will be beneficial to the University. 

" They are likewise of opinion that the long and meritorious ser- 
vices of their colleague, Professor Hunter, should induce their 
honourable patrons to grant him a recess from the labour of teach- 
ing, in the terms of his request. Signed at Edinburgh College, 
December the 14th, 1772 years, by order of the Faculty, WILLIAM 
ROBERTSON, Principal ; JAMES ROBERTSON, Acad. Clericus." 

These minutes of College being read, the Council approve, and 
accept of Mr. Hunter's resignation, and elect him and Mr. Dalzel 
joint Professors of Greek, with the right of survivancy to the longest 
liver of them two. 

23d December. Commission to Mr. Hunter and Mr. Dalzel 
signed in Council. They compear and qualify. The College 
Bailie to install them. 

Yith February 1773. Resignation of Dr. Cullen as Professor of 
the Institutes of Medicine accepted. He is chosen Professor of the 
Practice of Medicine, in place of Dr. John Gregory, deceased. The 
College Bailie to install him. 

The Council agree, at the desire of the elders at Zamose, in 
Poland, to transmit 15 sterling, as a viaticum for a Polish student 
to come hither on Brown's Mortification. 

3d March. Commission to Dr. Cullen read and signed in Council. 

21s April. The Council appoint the Lord Provost to write to 
Dr. William Robertson, desiring him to convene the Medical Faculty 
of the College, to give their opinion which of the following candi- 
dates is most fit for being Professor of the Institutes of Medicine, 
vacant by Dr. Cullen's resignation, viz., Dr. Gregory Grant, Dr. 
Buchan, 1 Dr. Rutherford, Dr. Duncan, and Dr. Monro Drummond. 
Bond by Dr. Cullen produced in Council, whereby he obliged him- 
self, upon obtaining the office of first Physician to his Majesty in 
Scotland, to pay to the Professor of Chemistry, and the Professor 
of the Institutions of Physic in the University, one -third to each of 
the salary annexed to that office after deducting all expenses. 

5th May. Upon the report of the Medical Faculty in favour of 
Dr. Alexander Monro Drummond, 2 he is elected Professor of the 
Institutions of Medicine, in place of Dr. Cullen, resigned. 

SQth June. Greek class to be repaired. Estimate, 19, Is. 8d. 

i [Dr. William Buchan, author of the of Edinburgh, in which his father was 
" Domestic Medicine.") a bookseller, was at this time at Naples. 

- [Dr. Prummond, a native of the city See extract. 12th June 1776.] 



444 APPENDIX. 

VOL. xci. 

21th October. The Lord Provost informed the Council that the 
Professors had prevailed on Dr. Home to teach the Institutes of 
.Medicine till Dr. Drummond's return from abroad; and on Dr. 
Ferguson to give lectures on Experimental Philosophy during the 
vacancy of that office by the death of Dr. Russell. Council ap- 
prove of what the Professors of the University had done. 

19<A January 1774. Mr. John Stevenson, Professor of Logic 
and Metaphysics in the University, 1 gives in a letter proposing to 
resign, and recommending Mr. John Bruce to be his colleague and 
successor. 8 Stevenson states that he had been Professor for forty- 
five sessions. 

The Council authorize the Provost to write to the Principal, to 
know if, in the opinion of the Faculty of the College, this proposal 
would be for the advantage of the College, and their opinion of Mr. 
Bruce's qualifications. 

26M January. A favourable report as to Mr. Bruce. He and 
Mr. Stevenson chosen joint Professors of Logic and Metaphysics, 
with the right of survivancy to the longest liver of them two. 

16th February. Professor Ferguson requests that, as he had an 
offer to go abroad with a young nobleman, 3 he may be allowed to 
name persons to teach his classes during the remainder of the 
session ; and recommends Dr. James Lind for the Natural Philo- 
sophy class, and the Rev. Mr. Henry Grieve, at Dalkeith, for the 
Moral Philosophy. 

The Council refuse, and order that Professor Ferguson shall )>o 
directed to teach himself what remains of the session. 

9M March. Committee to whom it had been committed, by 
minute of last sedenmt (March 'Ji. to consider of a proper person 

1 [I'rotVv- ii died in 177". -[Mr. Bruce, his successor, occupied 

at an advanced age. During the long this chair till 17!'-, when lie removed 

period of his proftMOnbip, lie had to London, win-re lie held the nppoint- 

t rained up a greater miinlx-r of young ment of Keep, r of tl,e St.,;.' Paper 

mm, who afterward* distinguished Ollice. and other (loverninent situa- 

:n the republic ol' letters, tions. He died at 1.- Falk- 

than any former I'rofe^or ,,f the Cni- land, in FilYshire, on the Mill ol 

. He I.-ft his lilnaiy to the iMi'J. in the ei- of his 

commemorated liy 

.1- Dal/< 1 in his account of Duke 3 [This was the Earl of Chesterfield ; 

Gordon; l>y Dr. Krskine in A|>i>eiidix and Fer-uson, notwithstanding the re- 

to l:i- S. nimi |> n'sdeath; fr.sal of t lie T<>\\ n-( 'oiuicil to grant him 

by Dt. C.'arlyle in hit Autobiography ; leave (f alisi : j anii-d this 

ami ly the i merville in his nul.K-niau in his tra\i-ls on the Coii- 

"| tim-nt 1 



APPENDIX. 445 

to be Professor of Natural Philosophy, report, that of all the candi- 
dates, Mr. John Robison, Professor of Mathematics and Natural 
Philosophy at Cronstadt, in Russia, 1 appears to them fittest. Upon 
which he is chosen, in place of Mr. James Russell, deceased. Bailie 
Brown to write to Mr. Robison. 

1th September. Mr. John Robison appears in Council, accepts 
his office, qualifies, and to be installed by the College Bailie. 

~L4th September. Chamberlain's College account, from Martin- 
mas 1772 to Martinmas 1773 : Charge, including arrears, 1248, 
11s. 10 T 8 g d. ; discharge, 3266, Is. S^d. ; balance due to the 
chamberlain, which had been paid by him out of the city's proper 
revenue, 2017, 9s. 9^d. 

VOL. xcn. 

26th October. Mr. John Bruce, joint Professor of Logic, ap- 
pointed to teach the Moral Philosophy class in the absence of Pro- 
fessor Ferguson, and Dr. Andrew Duncan, Physician in Edinburgh, 2 
to teach the Institutes of Medicine, in the absence of Dr. Alexander 
Monro Drummond, with the proviso, that this shall give neither of 
those gentlemen any claim of preference to any other gentleman in 
case of a vacancy. 

bth April 1775. The Council considering that, upon the 16th 
of February 1774, they had refused an application of Mr. Adam 
Ferguson, Professor of Pneumatics and Moral Philosophy in this 
city's University, wherein he had requested that he might be allowed 
to substitute proper persons, in what remained of his business in 
the College that winter, and also considering, that notwithstanding 
thereof he has deserted his office, and come under engagements 
incompatible with his discharging the duties thereof, and the act of 

1 [Robison was born in the year 1739, of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 

at Boghall, in the parish of Balderuock, vol. vii. pp. 495-539.] 

in the coimty of Stirling ; the property 2 [After teaching this class during 

of his father, who had been a successful the present and following session, Dr. 

merchant in Glasgow. He was intended Duncan continued his lectures out of 

by his father for the clerical profession ; the College. In 1776, he had the 

but his own taste strongly inclined him honour of founding the Edinburgh Dis- 

to the cultivation of science. Previously pensary ; and on the 30th of Decem- 

to his appointment at Cronstadt, which ber 1789 he was appointed to the Chair 

took place in 1772, Robison was Pro- of the Theory of Medicine upon the re- 

fessor of Chemistry in the University signation of Dr. James Gregory, who 

of Glasgow, having succeeded Dr. Black was elected colleague to Dr. Cullen in 

in 1766. He died on the 30th of Janu- the Professorship of the Practice of Phy- 

ary 1805. See Biographical Account sic. He died on the 5th of July 1828, 

by Professor Playfair, in Transactions in the eighty-fourth year of his age.] 



441". Al'I'KNIHX. 

the 23d of May 1764, electing Mr. A<l:im Ferguson into the said 
office being read : The Council Did, and hereby Do, rescind the 
said act of Council, with all that has followed thereupon, and de- 
clared the said office of Professor of Pneumatics and Moral Philo- 
sophy in the University of this city vacant. 

24th May. The Lord Provost, from his committee, in pursu- 
ance of the remittance to them last Council day, to take the letter 
from Mr. Adam Ferguson, late Professor of Pneumatics and Moral 
Philosophy, dated Blackheath, 21st April last, into consideration. 
and to bring in a report upon the whole, reported, That after the 
bill of suspension, in name of Mr. Ferguson, had been given in. a 
memorial on the subject had been laid before Mr. Bobert M 'Queen 
and Mr. Robert Blair, Advocates, who had given a signed opinion, 
which was herewith laid before the Council ; and it was the opinion 
of the committee that the Council should resolve to assert their 
rights, and support their act of the 5th of April last, declaring the 
office of Professor of Pneumatics and Moral Philosophy vacant. 
which, the lawyers have given their opinion, proceeded on just 
grounds, as the report under the hand of the Lord Provost 1- 
Which being considered by the Magistrates and Council, they ap- 
proved of the said report, and resolved accordingly. 

7th June. Upon petition of the Speculative Society, 1 the Town- 
Council allow them a piece of ground, twelve feet by eighteen, for 
enlarging the hall which the Council formerly allowed them, June 
1769. to build within the College, to be solely appropriated to the 
use of the society ; and which was built accordingly. 

Chamberlain reported that he had paid to Mr. John Bruce, who 
had taught the .'Moral Philosophy el ass in the College last winter, the 
half year's salary, due at "Whitsunday la>t. The ( 1 onneil approve. 
and authorize the chamberlain to pay to Mr. Bruce tin- current 
half-year's salary that shall be due at Martinmas next. 

\\tliJnnc. On the resignation of Dr. Matthew Stewart. Pro 

i of Mathematics. In- and his son, Mr. Dugald Stewart, 
conjoined in that iVi<-.-. with tin- benefits of survivancy. 

|Th- S|.eeulative Soeiety was insii- -|Mr. Ihmald Stewart aitenvanls 

titled in 17i;i l,y -j\ student^ of tin- I. ..--mil' Professor of M,,r:il Philosophy 
'.'>r their mutual improve- in tin- l~nl\ eisit y. lie and Di 

;tion ami in pul>li<- gptton, who occupied the Chair of Moral 
j.ered tViim the lirst. Philosophy, having a-ned |o ex- 
nnd has continued to be eminently n-e i lhip8, I he new arrangement 

fill. See"HMo,y of the S],e, lllat i ve took j-lare on thelMh of Mas 

fcUnbttrgh." Kdinl.. is i:,. v.hrn Mr. St.--, 

; of M.,I:I| rhiloM.jiliy. and !:. 



APPENDIX. 447 

21s/ June. A letter of resignation presented from Mr. George 
Stuart, Professor of Humanity. Accepted, and the office declared 
vacant. Bailie William Trotter, and Convener Thomas Simson, 
appointed delegates, to meet with the delegates from the College of 
Justice, the Lords of Session, Faculty of Advocates, and Writers 
to the Signet, to elect a successor to Mr. Stuart. 

28 th June. Read in Council an extract of the election of Dr. 
George Stuart, and Mr. John Hill, Professor of Humanity in the 
University of St. Andrews, 1 to be joint Professors of Humanity. 
Minute of election, dated Advocates Library, June 28, 1775. The 
delegates from the Lords of Session were Lord Justice-Clerk 
(Thomas Miller), and Lord Stonefield ; from the Town-Council as 
before ; from the Faculty of Advocates, Henry Dundas, Lord 
Advocate ; and from the Writers to the Signet, Mr. John M'Kenzie, 
depute-keeper of the Signet. 

Town- Council elect accordingly. 

Messrs. Andrew Dalzel, John Bruce, Dugald Stewart, and John 
Hill, all Professors of the University, made burgesses and guild 
brethren of this city. 

19/7? July. Provost to write to Dr. Alexander Monro Drum- 
mond, giving him notice to attend his duty in the College against 
the next winter session. 

VOL. xcni. 

30th August. The Lord Provost acquainted the Council, that 
not being able to obtain any certain intelligence where Dr. Alex- 
ander Monro Drummond, whom the Council, in May 1773, had 
elected Professor of the Institutions of Medicine, when he was abroad 
in his travels, was to be found, in order to give him intimation to 
attend his class, as directed by an act of Council, 19th July last, 
he had caused make out a memorial and queries to be laid before 
the city's lawyers for their advice, which he produced, with the 
answers or opinion of the Lord Advocate, the Solicitor- General, 
Mr. David Rae, and Mr. Robert Blair, Advocates ; which being 

Ferguson Avas conjoined with the Rev. Sir William Hamilton, Professor of 

John Playfair in the Mathematical Logic in the University.] 

Chair. Having obtained in 1810 Dr. 1 [Professor Hill was a native of St. 

Thomas Brown as his colleague, Mr. Andrews, where his father was minister. 

Stewart retired from his academical He died on the 7th of December 1805. 

duties. He died in 1828, in the seventy- He wrote a Life of Dr. Hugh Blair, 

fifth year of his age. His collected which was published as a posthumous 

works have been edited by the late work in 1807.] 



448 APPENDIX. 

read in Council, they approved of what the Lord Provost had done, 
and remitted to the present and old Magistrates and Council to con- 
sider the matter and report. 

6/7* September. Upon report of the Lord Provost from the com- 
mittee, the Council resolve not to allow the Chair of the Institu- 
tions of Medicine to be kept vacant longer than another session. 
And if Dr. Drummond does not appear to accept the said office 
before the term of Whitsunday next, it shall be declared vacant, 
and then supplied without loss of time. And order copies of 
this resolution to be delivered to Dr. Drummond's relations, and 
also transmitted to himself by letters addressed under cover to 
Sir Robert Harris, at the office of the London Exchange Banking 
Company. 

Dr. Robertson's house to be painted, papered, etc., at 32, 
2s. 2|d. 

Dr. Duncan appointed to teach the Institutes of Medicine another 
session. 

20/A September. Chamberlain's College account from Martinmas 
1773 to Martinmas 1774 : Charge, exclusive of arrears depending 
in last account, 320, 16s. 6d. ; discharge, 3140, 15s. 3j^d. ; 
balance due to the chamberlain, which has been paid by him out of 
the proper revenue, 2819, 18s. 3 T Vd. 

13/A March 1776. The Council allow Professor John Hill to 
possess his present house in the College, rent free, for three years, 
after \Vhitsunday next, on condition of his repairing it at his own 
expense. 

10M April. The Lord Provost reported that he had written to 
Dr. Drummond, enclosing the act of Council, and directed his letter 
in the manner thereby appointed, etc. 

*//* Mat/. Prot'essor Dujruld Stewart allowed to possess his pre- 
sent hm>r in the ( 'ollrjre. rent five, for three years, after Whitsunday 
next, on his satisfying the Council at the end of that period that he 
xpended to the amount of the whole rent upon ivpairing the 
home. 

\'llh Jun<>. Tn consequence of a letter from Sir William Hamil- 
ton, his Majesty's resident at the Court of Naples, dated 14th May 
last, to I>r. Uanisay. which was read in Council, the Council con- 
clude that Dr. A. Munro Dnmnnond is not to accept of the Pro- 
fessorship <>f the Institute of Medicine, therefore they declare the 
office vacant. 

Ill/// Jinn-. I >r .l:mi.- ( i regory, physician in Edinburgh, elected 



APPENDIX. 44'J 

Professor of the Institutes of Medicine, 1 in> place of Dr. William 
Cullen, late Professor thereof. 



VOL. xciv. 



28^ August. Chamberlain's account of the College revenue for 
the year, to wit, from Martinmas 1774 to Martinmas 1775: His 
charge, inclusive of arrears, 592, 5s. 8 j^-d. ; his discharge, 
3886, 8s. lOyJd. ; balance due to the chamberlain, paid by him 
out of the city's proper revenue, 3294, 3s. 2 T \d. 



VOL. xcv. 

5th March 1777. The committee on College affairs reported 
that they had considered a missive from Professor Hamilton, with 
the regulations proposed by him to be observed in disposing of 
Divinity bursaries, and were of opinion that the following regulations 
should be established and observed in time coming : Is/, That no 
petition for a Divinity bursary be received, unless accompanied with 
a certificate from the Professor of Divinity, or, in his absence, from 
the Principal, or from two at least of the other Professors, that the 
petitioner is a student of Divinity at the College of Edinburgh, and 
qualified to enjoy the bursary applied for ; and, Zd, That no payment 
be made unless a certificate be produced by the student from the Pro- 
fessor of Divinity, or, in his absence, from the Principal, or any two 
of the other Professors, bearing that the bursar attends the Divinity 
sessions. The Council approved of the said report, and appointed 
these regulations to be strictly observed for the future in disposing 
of Divinity bursaries. 

2d April. The Council desire Professor Robison to condescend 
on the most necessary instruments needed for experiments, that 
they may judge how far they can go in purchasing any of them. 

16th April. Professor Robison gives in a list of instruments, 
of which he asserts many are absolutely necessary, and offers to 
purchase them all immediately, if the town would allow him 300, 

i [Dr. James Gregory, the eldest son though, like his colleagues in the Medi- 

of Dr. John Gregory, noticed before (p. cal Chairs, he lectured in English. He 

436, note), attained to great eminence succeeded Dr. Cullen in the Professor- 

as a physician and a Professor. He ship of the Practice of Medicine in 17!'". 

published a text-book for his students, He died on the 2d of April 1821, in the 

entitled, " Conspectus Medicinaj Theo- sixty-eighth year of his age.] 
." which he wrote in Latin, al- 

2 F 



450 APPENDIX. 

to be paid 100 annually during three years ; or, if the Council 
will furnish as many, he will accept of .220 to be paid as above. 

Remit to the present and old magistrates and convener to do 
therein as they shall see cause. 

30/A April. On report of the committee, the Council allow 
Professor Robison 300, to be paid him by instalments, on con- 
dition that he show, from time to time, evidence of instruments 
being bought equal to the sums paid, and become bound, he and 
his heirs, that they shall all be produced at his leaving his office. 

II th June. Mr. Hill allowed a part of the Museum for a Hu- 
manity class. 

Upon the application of Professors Dalzel and Stewart, 20 
allowed for fitting up the Greek class, so as to allow the Mathe- 
matics to be also taught in it. Expense not to exceed 20 sterling. 

ISth June. Mr. Adam Ferguson, Professor of Moral Philosophy, 
allowed a seat in the Tron Church. 

I6th July. The petition and representation of Dr. Monro, 
setting forth that, nearly sixty years ago, the Magistrates appointed 
Professors to teach the several branches of Medicine on the plan 
of the then most celebrated University of Leyden ; that, in the year 
1720, his father was elected Professor of Anatomy, who, in imita- 
tion of the practice of Leyden, then taught, and from that time con- 
tinued to teach yearly Anatomy and Surgery in one connected course 
of demonstrations and lectures, and was universally considered as Pro- 
fessor of both branches ; that, in 1754, he was appointed his father's 
colleague and successor, and, from 1759, had conducted the whole 
course of lectures, and assisted and continued to adopt the general 
plan pursued by his father, comprehending Surgery with Anatomy ; 
that the teaching of Surgery has been understood to belong to his 
office, yet the commission granted to him and his father as joint 
Professors of Anatomy, makes no mention of Surgery, probably 
resulting from the supposition that it was comprehended under that of 
Anatomy: Craves a new commission, expressly bearing him to be 
IWr.^or of Medicine, and particularly of Anatomy and Surgery. 
Granted. 



VOL. xcvi. 

*fh April ITT"'. Two James Frascrs, one son of James Fr 

;iry of tlie Hank of Scotland, and the other son of 
Mr. <K-or:. mini>t. r !' the <:<}>el at Moncdie, in Perth- 



APPENDIX. 451 

shire, appointed bursars, for three years, on the Mortification of 
Thomas Fraser, writer in Edinburgh, and of the city clerk's office 
there, on the presentation of John Spottiswood, Esq., Robert Grant 
and John Fraser, both Writers to the Signet, three and a quorum 
of the trustees appointed by the said deceased Thomas Fraser. 

24th June. Upon petition, the above term of three years pro- 
longed to five, as the Mortification bears that Eraser's bursars are 
to hold it for a whole course of the College (which, as was well 
known, took up the space of five years), and for three years there- 
after, upon their making choice of the profession of Divinity, Law, 
or Physic. 

9th September. Chamberlain's College account : Charge, in- 
cluding arrears : 295, 9s. 8d. ; discharge, 5461, 7s. 4J-d. ; 
balance, paid by the chamberlain out of the city's revenue, 5175, 
17s. 8Hd. 

4th November. Presented and read in Council a letter from 
Professor Joseph Black, addressed to the Lord Provost. As trustee 
for Professor Ferguson in his absence, Mr. Black thought it his 
duty to acquaint his Lordship and the honourable Town-Council, 
that although when Mr. Ferguson embarked for America, where 
he is now in his Majesty's service, 1 he was fully persuaded that he 
should return home before the beginning of the approaching session 
of the College ; it now appears that some part of the winter may 
elapse before he can return to this country, and perform the duties 
of his office as Professor in the University. This delay of his 
return having been occasioned by causes which Mr. Ferguson 
neither could foresee nor prevent, his friends hope that it will 
be readily excused ; and they suggest that some other person should 
be appointed to teach his class during his absence. Mr. Dugald 
Stewart appointed to do so. 

VOL. xcvni. 

5th May 1779. Dr. Robertson allowed repairs to his house 
to the extent of 18s. 10s. sterling. 

1 [During the American war, Ferguson the beginning of the year 1778, to 

wrote an answer to Dr. Price's work negotiate a peace with the Colonies ; 

on Civil and Religions Liberty. This and Ferguson was appointed secretary 

recommended him to the Government. to this commission. They landed in 

The Avar being unpopular at home, America, but were refused a passport 

and the British troops unsuecesful in to the seat of the American Govern- 

America, five commissioners were ap- ment.] 
pointed by the British Government, in 



452 APPENDIX. 



VI. 

MR. CLEMENT LirriLL's 1 DEED OF CONVEYANCE OF HIS LIBRARY 
TO THE TOWN- COUNCIL OF EDINBURGH FOR THE COL- 
LEGE. (Page 345.) 

At Edinburgh the fourtcnc day of October, the zeir of God 
Ane thowsand fyve hundreth and fourescoir zciris. 

THE QTJHILK DAY, in presence of Alexander Clerk of Balbirny. 
provest of the burgh of Edinburgh, Alexander Vduart, Jamrs 
Nicol, and Johnne Sym bailzeis, Johnne Harret dene of gylde 
thairof, Johnne Adamesone, Henry Ncisbet, Johnne Jhonneetoun, 
Lucas Wilsonc, Andro Stevinsone, Frances Kinlocli, Robert Bog. 
Alexander Oustiane, and Eduard Galbraith of the counsale, Alex- 
ander Oustiane tailzeoure, Gilbert Primrois chirurgianc, Eduardc 
Hart goldsmyth, Patrik Broun skynnare, Johnne Richertsone said 
lare, Johnne Harret baxter, Johnne Blythman flescheoure, Williamo 
Stevinsoun wrycht, and Thomas Diksonc furroure, Compcrit Wil- 
li;ime Littill, burges of the said burgh, brother and onlie executomv 
constitute be vmquhile a richt honourable MAISTER CLEMENT LITILI. 
aduocate, and ane of the Commissaris of Edinburgh ; and deela rit 
quhow that his said vmquhile brother, vpoun the day of his d> 
being of perfyte mynd, and considderring with himself that he wes 
to be callit frome this lyfe to the mercies of God, and be the luiffing 
affcctioun and greit zele borne be him to the Kirk of God, and to 
flic aduaiicement of his worde, wcs justlie movit and maist cairfull 
that the buikis and workis of holie gcripturis in grcit multitude 
conqueist be him in his tyine suld nocht perische or be sepcratrd. 
Left with anc luiiling hart and mynd his haill buikis and worlds of 
Tin < .logic to the richt honourable and his natiuc tonn of Edinburgh. 
and to the Kirk <>f (ind thairin. t( the effect and purjmis. that >ik 
nis knawiii of honest conuersatioun and guid lyfe (and na 
vthi.'ris). qiiliilkis ar and sail l.c willing to travi-11 and br 6X61 
in the cstaif and vm-atinun of niinistcrir. or vtlu-r\v:iyis of dcwitir 
rons, and -).rci;dlic sik p-rsnis a< ar or sail be of bluid to th<> 
. inqiiliilc .Maist.-r Clement, fr tin- adium-rim-nt f the gloric 
.f <;..d and his tn-w and sinr.-ir \\ordc ]rcichi( and pn-sniilic j.rn- 



' | Mr. ('!rmi nt Litlill, Miii- i.fllii- Cmi:; ! Ivlinlmi^li. ili-l .n tin- 

.uni-sari..! .-r K.liii!.,iiL'h, Krlinuiry "J". l."'-L' | 



Al'I'ENDIX. 453 

within this realme of Scotland, Sail at the plesoure and will 
onlio of Maister James Lowsoun, now present minister of the said 
burgh, or quhat sumeuir vther minister that salhappin to haue the 
charge of [the] ministric and of the saidis buikis efter him and in 
his place for the tyuie, haif fric access and ingress at all sik con- 
venient times heireftir as the said minister present or to cum sajl 
think guid and expedient, and [na] utherwayis, for reding and col- 
lecting the fruitfull knowlege of the saidis buikis, as it sail pleis 
God to distribute his graces to the reidaris; and ernestlie desyrit 
his said brother for the performance heirof and deliuerance of the 
vsaidis buikis : Conforine to the quhilk lattir Will, The said \Villiamc 
Litill promitted the deliuerauce thairof, and hes preseutlie deliuerit 
to the saidis provest baillies and counsale of the said burgh, the 
.saidis buikis haill togidder, intituled according to the particulare 
( Vitlmlog following ; and in euerie ane of thanie is prentit the armes 
of the said vmquhile Maister Clement, with thir wordis, 

I AM GEVIN TO EDINBVRGH & KIRK OF 

GOD BE MAISTER CLEMENT LITIL. 

THAIR TO REMAN. 1580. 




[The Catalogue of books, amounting to " threttene scoir and 
aucht buikis," which follows in this part of the Deed, along with 
extracts from the Town-Council Records regarding Clement Littill's 
bequest, are printed as a separate article in the " Miscellany of the 
Maitland Club," vol. i. pp. 285-301.] 

The quhilkis buikis the saidis Provest, baillies and counsale hes 
presentlie ressauit fra the said WOliame ; and promittis faithfullie, 
and obleisses thame and thair successouris, provest, baillies, and 
counsale of the said burghe of Edinburgh for the tyrne, to the airis 
of the said vmquhile Maister Clement, for the cairfull and faithfull 
preserving and keiping of euerie ane of thame ; and that at na tyino 
heireftir ony of the saidis buikis to be distributed, gevin, put away 
or removed, athir be credeit or vthirwayis, furth of the duelling 
house of the said Maister James Lowsone, as place appointit for 
thaim to remaine. Nor that nanc of the saidis buikis salbe lent 



454 

nawyise furth of the said duelling hous quhair thaj ar presentlie put 
in keiping, bot vpoun the conditioun contenit in the act of the de- 
liuerance of thame to the said Maister James Lowsoun, be the 
saidis Pro vest, baillies and counsale. And that compt quarterlie 
sall>e tane of the saidis buikis as effeiris, sua that thaj may and sail 
remane togidder in the said place appointtit thairto, to the effect 
foirsaid, and in perpetuall memorie of the gude affectionate mynd 
of the said vniquhile Maister Clement, to the singulare comforte of 
the kirk of God and to all his faithful seruandis, vpoun the quhilkis 
premissis the said Williame askit instrumentis. 

And thaireftir the said day, in presence of the foirsaidis Pro' 
baillies and counsale, comperit Maister James Lowsoun minister, 
and grantit him to hauc ressauit reallie and with effect the particu- 
lar buikis abone writtin, as is contenit in the Catalloge fra Williame 
Littill, in name of the saidis Provest, baillies, and counsale, and to 
have presentlie put, ordourit and layit the same in the house and 
Librare maid and appointit to that effect : And thairfoir actit, 
band and obleist himself for releif of the toun and discharging of 
his dewitie in the credeit committit vnto him, to preserue and keip 
the saidis buikis diligentlie and faithfullie, vnlent, vndisponit, or put 
away to ony manor of persoune, according as the saidis provest, 
baillies arid counsale hes bund and obleist thameselfes to the airis 
of the said vmquhile Maister Clement, and to be ansourable for the 
saidis buikis, and mak the same furthcumand to the saidis Provest, 
baillies and counsale, and thair successouris, sua oft as he salbe re- 
quyrit be thame thairto. 

Kxtractit furth of the Counsale Book of the said burgh of 
Kdinlmrgh be mo. Maister ALKXANDER GUTHHIE, comuioun 
clerk of the samyn. Witnessing thairvnto my signne and 
subscriptioun manuale. 

[It may be noticed, that in completing the arrangements for 
having the entire Library transferred to the New Collect- buildings 
in the year 1827, it was thought proper to bring together t In- 
various books which bore the above distinctive marks of having 
originally belonged to Clement Littill; and these having Wn re- 
honnd <r repaired, and stamped with his arms on the- sides, they 
are ii"\v mo-: appropriately jlaeed in a separate apartment, along 
with the rolltvfion uf >Ianii>eri|.t-. tlie I lawthorndeii books, and 
other rarr 

The following aztnd from tin- Conneil lu-gister relates to the 



APPENDIX. 455 

original transference of these books to the College, after the death 
of Lawson : 

18th September 1584. 

Librarie. The same day Ordanis the Townis Librarie skelffis 
and buirdis thairof to be transportet furth of the lugeing sumtyme 
occupeit be Mr. James Lowsoun minister and sett up in the townis 
College, in a hous convenient, at the sicht of Williame Littill bailzie, 
Mild to be delyverit to Mr. Robert Rollok, Maister of the said Col- 
lege, and he to be oblist to the custody thairof, siclyk as the said 
Mr. James wes oblist of before. And ordanis the Thcsaurer to 
inak the chairges of the transporting and upsetting thairof. quhilk 
sail be allouit in his compts.] 



YTT. 

EDINBURGH COLLEGH;, June 8, 17'J8. 

MEMORANDUMS for a History of the University of Edinburgh 
from the year 1640, where the MS. History of Mr. Thomas Craw- 
ford breaks off. 

N.B. Of Mr. Thomas Crawford's History there is a copy in the 
Advocates Library, in the handwriting of Mr. Matthew Crawford, 
Regius Professor of Divinity and Church History, as appears from 
a docquet at the conclusion. The original, from which this was 
taken, belonged to Mr. Laurence Dundas, Professor of Humanity, 
who had lent it to Mr. Matthew Crawford. It is probable that this 
original is in the possession of Sir Thomas, now Lord Dundas, 
whose father, the late Sir Laurence Dundas of Kerse, Bart., was 
a nephew or near relation of the above Professor Laurence Dundas, 
and inherited what fortune the Professor had left. 

Another copy of this History belongs to the College Library, and 
is in the handwriting of Mr. William Henderson, Librarian, and 
bears in the title to have been given in to Mungo Wood, city 
treasurer, the 15th of January 1673. Probably a duplicate was so 
given in, and is now in the possession of the patrons of the College. 

I can find no regular record or minutes of the transactions of 
the College of Edinburgh, posterior to this History of Mr. Thomas 
Crawford, till 14th of February 1733, with which date a folio volume, 
of pretty regular minutes of the meetings of the Senatus Acadeinicus, 
commences in the handwriting of Mr. John Stevenson, Professor 



4r,(i APPENDIX. 

of Logic, who acts as secretary till the '28th of May 1734 : and is 
succeeded in that duty by Mr. John Ker, Professor of Humanity, 
in whose hand the minutes are continued from the 4th of October 
17o4 to the 29th of July 17o! : and in an unknown hand from the 
23d of November 1739 to the Oth of April 1741. They are then 
continued in the hand of Mr. Robert Hunter, Professor of Greek, 
from the 26th of April 1741 to the 12th of November 1744; from 
which date they are carried on by Dr. George Stuart, Professor 
of Humanity, and Secretary and Librarian, but in too abridged a 
manner, being partly in Professor Stuart's own hand, and partly 
in that of his brother, Mr. Alexander Stuart, afterwards one of the 
ministers of Westkirk ; and of some other person by the Professor's 
direction, till the 10th of March 1763, when Dr. James Robertson, 
Professor of Oriental Languages, enters upon the office of Secret;ir\ 
and Librarian, and carries on the record till the 25th of October 
1785 ; after which Mr. Andrew Dalzel, Professor of Greek, being 
conjoined with Professor Robertson in the office of Secretary and 
Librarian, concludes the volume from the last- mentioned date, and 
enters upon a new volume, July 31, 171*0. 

A. D. 



INDEX. 



INDEX. 



ABERCROMBY, George, Professor of Pub- 
lic Law and Law of Nature and 
Nations, 406. 

Aberdeen, Bishop of, opposed to the 
establishment of a College at Edin- 
burgh, 3. 

Aberdeen, George, Earl of, Lord Chan- 
cellor, 212. 

Aberdeen, King's College in, 5, 9, 152, 
153, 262, 263 ; Marischal College 
in, 153. 

Abernethy, Adam ; his verses to the 
memory of Principal Rollock re- 
ferred to, 375. 

Academy for Drawing, Room in College 
granted to, 401." 

Adam, Patrick, Janitor of the College, 
138. 

Adamson, Francis, Librarian, 154, 156, 
164, 349. 

Adamson, Henry, Provost of Perth, 29, 
161. 

Adamson, Mr. James, a candidate for 
Professorship of Humanity, 99 ; 
afterwards a minister in Ireland, ib. 

Adamson, Mr. John, elected Regent of 
Philosophy, 29, 41 ; becomes mini- 
ster of North Berwick, 52, 55; 
next of Libberton, 65 ; presides at 
Disputation before James VI. at 
Stirling Castle, 65, 67 ; elected 
Principal of the College, 79, 91, 
97, 102 ; Member of General As- 
sembly at Glasgow in 1638, 110, 
115, 117, 122, 126, 139, 141, 142, 
149, 150, 151, 156, 346, 353, 358, 
373 ; his death, 161-163, 331. 

Aikenhead, David, Dean of Guild, 73 ; 
Provost of Edinburgh, 77, 83, 90. 

Aikenhead, Sir Patrick, 317. 

Ainslie, Andrew ; his legacy to the Col- 
lege, 132, 352, 390. 

Ainslie, James ; his legacy to the Col- 
lege, 80. 

Airth, William, Earl of, 95. 

Alexander, David ; his legacy to the 
College, 71, 388. 

Alexander, William, College Treasurer, 
414. 



Allan, Michael, merchant in Edinburgh, 
313. 

Alston, Dr. Charles, Professor of Medi- 
cine and Botany, 407, 410, 413; 
his death, 429. 

Amedeus, Alexander, a Florentine, Pro- 
fessor of Hebrew, 208, 211. 

Anatomy, Professorship of, founded, 291, 
343, 378, 425, 427, 450. 

Andrews, Mr. George, one of the mini- 
sters of Edinburgh, 273, 280. 

Anna, Queen of James VI., 23. 

Anne, Queen ; her Accession to the 
Throne, 278, 294 ; her bounty for 
increasing the Professors' salaries, 
303 ; her death, 314. 

Anstruther, Mr. Charles, Advocate, 
402. 

Apthouius, Progymnasmata of, 377. 

Areskine. See Erskine. 

Argyle, Bishop of; his reading the Ser- 
vice-book in Grey friars' Church, 
Edinburgh, 105. 

Argyle, Archibald, Earl of, 194, 273, 
366. 

Argyle, Marquis of, opposed to the En 
gagement, 146, 155. 

Aristotle, Peculiar respect for, at the 
College of Edinburgh, 50, 66, 68, 
150, 151-153; Organon of, 377. 

Arminianism, taught by the Bishops, 
93, 98, 99, 104. 

Armour, Mr. John, a candidate for Pro- 
fessorship of Philosophy, 82, 83 ; 
elected Professor of Humanity, 85, 
94 ; his resignation, 99, 359. 

Armyn, Sir William, 123. 

Arnistoun (Dundas), Lord, 313. 

Arran, Earl of; his ascendency over 
James VI., 14; his fall, 16,17, 
345. 

Arthur, Mr. William ; his verses on 
Principal Rollock referred to, 373. 

Arts, Faculties of, 8. 

Arundel, Earl of, 1 15. 

Assembly, General, held in 1638, 109, 
110; in 1641, 119, 120; in 1643, 
123 ; in 1645, 130-132 ; in 1646, 
136; in 1647, 140, 147, 148. 



460 



INDEX. 



Assembly of Divines at Westminster, 
124, 140. 

Astronomy, Mode of teaching, 377. 

A very, Mr. Benjamin, obtains the de- 
gree of LL.'D., 309. 



Ku -IIELOK CLASS, 10. 

Bacon, Lord, 51, G9. 

Uaillie of Jerviswood, Dame Grizell, 419. 

Baillic, Mr. Robert, one of the Scottish 
1 >' -unties to Westminster Assembly 
of Divines, 124 ; his encomium on 
Alexander Henderson, 140-142, 
14 '.i, 150. 

Baillie, Mr. William, a candidate for 
Professorship of Universal Civil 
History, 435. 

Bain, Sir Donald, of Tulloch, 316, 317. 

Bain, John, of Pitcarlie; his mortifica- 
tion to the College, 31 7. SeeHayne. 

Uaird, William, Bailie, 295. 

Baird, Dr. George, Principal of the 
College, 332. 

Balcanquhal, Mr. Robert, minister of 
Tranent, 39, 77. 

Balcanquhal, Mr. Walter, one of the 
ministers of Edinburgh, actively 
promotes the founding of the Col- 
lege, 4 ; his banishment, 14 ; sent 
for by Rollock on his death-bed, 
37 ; his zeal for augmenting the 
salaries of the Professors, 57 ; his 
legacy to the College, 77, 389. 

Bald. John, preferred to a bursary of 
Philosophy, 414. 

Balfour, Mr. James, a candidate for ' 
chair of Logic and Metaphysics, 
400 ; and for chair of Scots Law, 
4 "7 : elected Professor of Moral 
Philosophy, 425 ; resigns, 433 ; ap- 
pointcd Professor of Public Law and 
Law of Nature and Nations, I ; 1. 

Balfour, Messrs. John and Gavin 
Hamilton, appointed College print- 
ers, 424, 434. 

Ballenden, Mr. Thomas; his verses on 
Principal Rollock referred to, 373. 

Uannatyne, Mr. James; his legacy to 
the College, 29, 57, 388. 

Baimatvne. Mr. Patrick, Justice-Clerk 
Depot 

Ban-lay, Mr. I 'avid ; his verses on Prin- 
cipal Koll.K-k ieferre.1 to. ;573. 

Ban-lay, Mr. Robert, OD6 ofthfl deputies 
sent to Charlrs I. at Oxford, 123. 
[,ir, Lnrd (Hamilton^... |oo. 

nies, Collep- Tn-asurer, 127. 

J Jan m. Mr. Ilobert, a candidate for I'm 
fesaorship of lluniauity, ?,t\l. 



Baron, Helen, wife of Principal Rollock, 

39. 
Bayne, Mr. Alexander, Professor of 

Scots Law, 328, 329, 395, 406. 
Bavne, Kenneth, of Tulloch, 419; his 

death, 407. 
Bayne of Tulloch ; his mortification to 

the College, 419. See Bain. 
Beaton, Mr. John, a candidate for I'm 

fessorship of Philosophy, 273. 
Bejan class, 10; throwing a football 

into, by the Semi, 237 ; the Semi 

subscribe a document lor suppres- 
sion of this practice, 2'K). 
Bell, Mr. Thomas, elected Professor of 

Humanity, 193, 195, 354, 364, 

365, 367. 
Benefactors of the College to be com 

memoratcd, 114. 
Bennet, Andrew, bursar of Philosophy, 

440. 

Binning, Lord, Clerk-Register, 57. 
Bishops, 105. 
Black, Dr. Joseph, elected Professor ol 

Medicine and Chemistry, 436, 442, 

451. 
Black, Mr. William, Regent, King's 

College, Aberdeen, 238, 262. 
Blackfriars, Monastery of, 4. 
Blacklock, Thomas, preferred to a bur- 
sary of Philosophy, 414. 
Blackstone, Examination on, 143, 240. 
Blackwood, Robert, Bailie, 233, 235, 

281,411. 
Blair, Dr. Hugh, elected Professor <>\ 

Rhetoric, 428, 431, 441, 442, 447. 
Blair, Mr. David, one of the ministers 

of Edinburgh, 280. 
Blair, Mr. Robert, 106, 118; mo! 

tor of the General Assembly, 136, 

141, 142. 

Blair, Mr. Robert, Advocate, 446, 447. 
Bohemian Protest, bequeathed to tin- 

College, 178. 
Boswell, Walter, Deacon of the Hani 

mermen, 409. 
Botanical (Jard.-n, the, 394, 407, 

431, 432, 435. 
Botanv, Professorship of. instituted, 

253, 254, 309, 407, 429. 
Boweits, Valdislaus, a Polish student, 

397. 

IWy. William, 24. 
B"yd, Mr. U..l.ert, of Tn-diri-, <!< 

Principal of the College,' 7- 

-iiriis. 7^. -"..".I : his verses ,.|, IVin 

eip.il Kolloek ivt'.-rn-il to, 8 

Boy, I, Mr. Xachary, 1 !-'. 

Breda, Tred 

Brown, A-laiii, IVan of (iiiil-l, -js|. 



INDEX, 



4(11 



Brown, Mr. John, a candidate for Pro- 
fessorship of Philosophy, 82-84; 
appointed Recent of Philosophy, 
88, 91, 94, 95, 100; opposed to 
the renovation of the National Co- 
venant, 106 ; deposed for refusing 
to take the Covenant, 106-108. 

Brown, John, Bailie, 418, 430, 445. 

Brown, Mr. Joseph, obtains the degree 
of LL.D., 258. 

Brown, Eobert, merchant in Zamose, 
Poland ; his mortification to the 
College, 313, 397, 404, 440, 441, 
443. 

Brown, Dr., of London, 317. 

Brown, Dr. Thomas, Professor of Moral 
Philosophy, 447. 

Bruce, Dr. Andrew, Professor in Col- 
lege of St. Andrews, 201, 202. 

Bruce, Mr. John, elected Professor of 
Logic and Metaphysics, 444-446 ; 
made a burgess of Edinburgh, 447. 

Bruce, Mr. Robert, Professor of Public 
Law, and Law of Nature and Na- 
tions, 434. 

Brysonne, Andrew, Treasurer, 392. 

Bryson, Thomas, his mortification to 
the College, 317. 

Buchan, Hugh, elected Chamberlain of 
City of Edinburgh, 436, 441. 

Buchan, Dr. William, a candidate for 
Professorship of Institutes of Medi- 
cine, 443. 

Buchanan, Mr. George, Preceptor to 
James VI., 5, 65, 69, 373; his 
Psalms taught in the Humanity 
Class, 379. 

Buchanan, George, elected macer to 
attend the Rector of the College, 
112. 

Buchanan. Sir John; his donation to the 
College, 135, 392, 414, 420. 

Buchanan. Mr. Thomas, 30. 

Bui-net, Dr. Gilbert, Bishop, 187. 

Unmet, Mr. Eobert, 59 ; elected Pro- 
fessor of Humanity, 61, 79, 358. 

Burnet, Mr. Thomas, elected Regent of 
Philosophy, 217; suspected of fa- 
vouring Popery, 217, 218, 223, 
225-227, 352 ; deprived by Com- 
mission of Visitation, 232, 233, 258. 

Bursars, 27, 57, 59, 72, 102, 111, 116, 
117, 122, 139; rules respecting, 
178 181 ; oath to be administered 
to, 180 ; proposed regulation for the 
examination of, 253, 302 ; a sepa- 
rate register to be kept for, 285, 
289; mortifications for, 316, 317, 
388-392, 399, 406 ; duties of, :!s-_>. 
387, 



Bursars of Divinity, 142 ; presbyteries 
to provide, 242 ; King William's 
gift for maintaining twenty, 250, 
256 ; fifteen of these bursaries sunk, 
294 ; this protested against by 
Town-Council, 295. 

Bursaries of Divinity, regulations to be 
observed in regard to disposal of, 
449. 

Buxtorf's Hebrew Grammar, 422. 

Byres, John, of Coats, Dean of Guild, 
96, 390. 



CALAMT, Mr. Edmund, obtains the de- 
gree of D.D., 305. 

Calderwood, Mr. David, 151. 

Campbell, Sir Colin, of Arbuchell, 317. 

Campbell, Mr. Duncan, Bursar of Divi- 
nity, 420. 

Campbell, Mr. George, elected Profes- 
sor of Divinity, 232 ; called to be 
one of the ministers of Edinburgh, 
233, 235, 253, 273 ; his death, 277 ; 
founder of the College Theological 
Library, 278, 287, 335. 

Campbell, Mr. Hay, advocate, a candi- 
date for Professorship of Scots Law, 
435. 

Campbell, John, afterwards Earl of 
Loudoun, 63. See Loudoun, Lord. 

Campbell, Mr. Kenneth, a candidate for 
Professorship of Philosophy, 273. 

Canons and Liturgy, Determination of 
Charles I. to obtrude them on Scot- 
land, 98 ; abolished by General As- 
sembly of 1638, 109. See Service 
Book 

Cant, Mr. Andrew, elected Principal o 
the College, 205; his death, 216, 
331. 

Carlyle, Alexander (afterwards Dr., 
minister of Inveresk), 406. 

Carlyle, Mr. William, minister of Pres- 
tonpans, 406. 

Carstairs, Mr. William, elected Princi- 
pal of the College, 284, 289, 293, 
298, 303, 306 ; his death, 315, 320, 
332. 

Cassander, George, Rhetoric of, 28, 377. 

Cassillis, John, Earl of, one of the Scottish 
deputies to the W estminster Assem- 
bly of Divines, 124. 

Chaplyn, Isaac, 163. 

Charles I.; his accession to the Throne, 
81 ; his partiality for Episcopacy, 
92, 98 ; his journey to Scotland, 96 : 
his reception in Edinburgh, 97 ; 
loyalty of the College of Edinburgh 
to", 9?', 9S, 162 : follows Laud's ad- 



462 



INDEX. 



vice, 98, 105; war between him 
and the Covenanters, 110; pacifi- 
cation, 111 ; hostilities renewed, 
112, 116; his array defeated by 
the Scots, 118; treaty at Kippon, 
118; his arrival at Holyroodhouse, 
120; at Oxford, 123; is with the 
Scots Army at Newcastle, 136; 
paper controversy between him and 
Mr. Alexander Henderson as to 
Episcopacy and Presbytery, 136, 
137 ; the Engagement to restore 
him without conditions, 146, 147 ; 
executed, 154. 

Charles II., proclaimed in Scotland, 154 ; 
at Breda, 156 ; his duplicity, 157 ; 
lands in the north of Scotland, ib. ; 
his declaration from Dunfermline, 
158 ; his coronation at Scone, 159 ; 
his restoration, 185 ; establishes 
Episcopacy in Scotland, 186 ; his 
death, 215. 

Charteris, Mr. Henry, citizen, actively 
promotes the founding of a College 
at Edinburgh, 3. 

Charteris, Mr. Henry; his graduation, 
19, 20 ; elected Regent of Philo- 
sophy, 21, 22, 24, 25, 27, 29; 
recommended by Principal Rollock 
as his successor, 36 ; elected Prin- 
cipal and Professor of Divinity, 39, 
41 ; his salary augmented, 58 ; de- 
clines, from modesty, to preside at 
the disputation before James VI. 
at Stirling Castle, 65, 68 ; resigns, 
and becomes minister of North 
Leith, 73-75, 79 ; re-elected Pro- 
fessor of Divinity, 90, 91 ; his 
death, 92, 93, 162, 331, 334, 373- 
375. 

Charteris, Mr. Laurence, elected Pro- 
fessor of Divinity, 2 05, 213, 335. 

Charteris, Thomas ; his donation to the 
College, 96. 

Chatelherault, Duke of, 4, 16. 

Chemistry and Medicine, Professorship 
of, established, 312, 416, 426. 

Chieslcy, Sir Ruhcrt, Provost of Edin- 
burgh, 321 ; moans to be ns^l l'..r 
recovering arrears due to the Col- 
lege by the daughters of, 429. 

rhrvstir's mortification to the College, 
420. 

Class, Bejan, Semi, Bachelor, Mugis- 
trand, 10. 

Classical learning, Study of, in 15th 
and llith crntnrie-. I 1. \.~>: 

Cleghorn. 11 ugh, mTchunt burgess, 
Ivlinbur-h. 418, 

Cle-horn, -John, I'.ailie, 2'.f>. 



Cleghorn, Mr. William, teaches Moral 
Philosophy Class, 412 ; elected Pro- 
fessor of Moral Philosophy, 413; 
resigns, 425 ; his death, ib. 

Clenard, Nicolas, his Greek Grammar, 
376. 

Cochrane, Mr. Alexander, bursar of 
Divinity, 420. 

Cochrane, Mr. Hugh, minister of Kil- 
maurs, 420. 

Cochrane, James, Dean of Guild, 115; 
bailie, 352. 

Cockburn, Mr. Alexander, elected Pro- 
fessor of Philosophy, 210, 212, 214, 
216, 218, 22.", ; his death, 224, 368. 

Cockburn, Archibald, Bailie, 301. 

Cockburn, Mr. David, obtains the de- 
gree of M.D, 293. 

Coldin, Mr. James ; his verses on Prin- 
cipal Rollock referred to, 375. 

Colleges. See Universities. 

Colt, Mr. Adam, elected Regent of Phi- 
losophy, 18, 20, 21 ; becomes mini- 
ster first of Borthwick, and then of 
Inveresk, 22. 

Colt, Mr. Blase, Professor of Humanity, 
54, 357 ; his death, 60. 

Colt, Mr. Oliver, Advocate, father of the 
preceding, 54, 357. 

Colt, Mr. Oliver, elected Professor of 
Humanity, 60, 357; becomes mini- 
ster of Holyrood House, 60, 357. 

Colvill, Dr. Alexander, 141; elected 
Professor of Divinity, 145; General 
Assembly refuse to translate him, 
146, 150, 334. 

Colvill, Mr. Patrick, a candidate for 
professorship of Philosophy, 107. 

Colvill, Robert, bursar of Philosophy, 
420. 

Colvill, Mr. William, one of the mini- 
sters of Edinburgh, 13 ( .: suspended 
and deposed by the < ioneral .Wem- 
bly for favouring the Engagement, 
148; elected Principal >f the Col- 
lege, 164; the election set aside, 
Hi I. 165, 331 ; compensation made 
to him by the Town-Council, lij'.i : 
admitted one of the mini- 
Perth, ib ; re-elected Principal of 
the College, is:, I'.io, 101. i'.:i, 
195, 197, 201, 363,363; his death, 
205. 

Commission, High, abolished 1>\ i 
ral Assembly of 10.-JS, 109. 

Confession of Faith. Sec Cor< 
Notional. 

Confession of Faith, Westminster, I In. 
141, 170; to be subscribed by all 
professors of colleges, 227. 



INDEX. 



463 



Cotton, Halford, receives the degree of 

LL.D., 327. 
Couples, George, preferred to bursary 

of Divinity, 414. 

Coutts, Mr. John, College Treasurer, 429. 
Covenant, National, or Confession of 
Faith, 17 ; to be subscribed by all 
graduates, 17, 19, 27, 48 ; this prac- 
tice discontinued, 100, 101 ; reso- 
lution to renew the National Cove- 
nant, 105 ; entered into by persons 
of all ranks, 106; its renovation 
promoted by the Professors of the 
University of Edinburgh, ib. ; to 
be subscribed by students before 
receiving their degrees, 114, 143. 

Covenant, Solemn League and, 124; 
students required to subscribe it, 
143, 149, 160 ; to be taken at first 
receiving the Lord's Supper, 148. 

Covenanters, War between them and 
Charles I., 110 ; pacification, 111 ; 
hostilities renewed, 112, 116; de- 
feated by Montrose, 129, 133 ; rout 
of his forces at Philiphaugh, 133. 

Cowper, Margaret, her mortification to 
the College, 390. 

Cowper, William, his legacy to the 
College, 57, 388. 

Craig, Mr. James, elected Professor of 
Civil Law, 308, 316, 395; his 
death, 402. 

Craig, Mr. John, minister, 17. 

Craig, Mr. Thomas, his verses on Prin- 
cipal Rollock referred to, 373. 

Craig, Mr. William, elected Eegent of 
Philosophy, 27, 29, 40, 41 ; becomes 
Professor of Divinity at Saumur, 
42, 373. 

Craigie, John, younger of Dumbarney, 
tack of the teinds of that parish 
granted to, 420. 

Craigie, Robert, of Glendoick, Lord- 
Advocate, 415. 

Crawford, Earl of, 230, 231. 

Crawford, James, M.D., elected Pro- 
fessor of Chemistry and Medicine, 
312, 316; elected Professor of He- 
brew, 323, 324, 329, 395 ; his death, 
402. 

Crawford, Mr. Matthew, a candidate for 
Professorship of Philosophy, 55. 

Crawford, Mr. Matthew, Professor of 
Church History, 326, 329, 395, 
407, 455. 

Crawford, Mr. Thomas, a candidate for 
Professorship of Philosophy, 81, 82 ; 
elected Professor of Humanity, 85, 
91 ; becomes Rector of the High 
School, 94, 97, 107 ; elected Pro- 



fessor of Mathematics and Regent, 
119, 336-339, 359, 121, 122, 134, 
136, 138, 143, 145, 149-151, 154, 
156, 157, 159, 160-162, 164, 169, 
170, 172, 173, 176, 177, 182, 184, 
185, 187 ; his death, 188, 362 ; his 
History of the University, 189, 190, 
338, 350, 455, 456. 

Crighton, Mr. William, one of the 
ministers of Edinburgh, 273, 280. 

Crokat, Patrick, elected Janitor,402,433. 

Cromwell, Oliver, defeats the Marquis 
of Hamilton, 147 ; his power in 
England, 154, 156 ; his victory over 
the Scots at Dunbar, 158, 160 ; 
defeats Charles II. at Worcester, 
161 ; greater part of Scotland sub- 
mits to him, 165 ; appoints com- 
missioners for the administration 
of justice in Scotland, 165, 172 ; 
proposed application to be made to 
him for the augmentation of the 
College revenue, 176 ; his gift to 
the College, 181, 182 ; probably 
never obtained, 182, 183, 353. 

Cromwell, Richard, 183. 

Crossrig, Lord (David Hume), 228. 

Cruickshanks, John, appointed interim 
teacher of Humanity Class, 174, 
361. 

Cullen, Dr. William, elected Professor 
of Medicine and Chemistry, 426, 
427, 429 ; resigns, 436; elected Pro- 
fessor of the Institutes of Medicine, 
436 ; allowed to teach also the 
practice of medicine, 439 ; resigns, 
443 ; elected Professor of the Prac- 
tice of Medicine, 443, 449. 

Culloden (Forbes), Laird of, junior, 273. 

Gumming, Mr. John, appointed Pro- 
fessor of Church History, 250, 280, 
298, 306 ; his death, 314. 

Gumming, Mr. Patrick, appointed Pro- 
fessor of Church History, 407 ; re- 
signs, 430. 

Gumming, Mr. Robert, son of the pre- 
ceding, appointed Professor of 
Church History, 430, 431, 441 , 442. 

Gumming, Mr. William, elected Pro- 
fessor of Humanity, 189, 190 ; par- 
ticular account of the trial at his 
election, 362-366 ; his salary aug- 
mented, 191, 354 ; becomes Pro- 
fessor of Philosophy, 192, 193 ; be- 
comes tutor to Lord Lorn, 194, 
195, 366, 367. 

Cunningham, Mr. Alexander, elected 
Professor of Humanity, 208, 368 ; 
elected Professor of Philosophy, 
224, 226, 235-237, 244, 246, 248 ; 



4G4 



INDEX. 



suspended, 249, 250; his demission, 
258. 

Cunningham, Hugh, Provost of Edin- 
burgh, 279, 280, 286, 287. 

Currie, James, Provost of Edinburgh, 
205. 



DALGLEISH, James ; his legacies to the 
Town and College, 119, 126, 391, 
401, 420. 

Dalgleish, James, receives the degree of 
M.D., 317. 

Dalgleish, Mr. Robert, Agent for the 
Kirk, 151. 

Dalmeny, Laird of, 211. 

Dalzel, Mr. Andrew, elected Professor 
of Greek, 441-443 ; made a Burgess 
of Edinburgh, 447, 450 ; appointed 
Secretary and Librarian, 456. 

1 >amman, Sir Adrian, chosen Professor 
of Law, 22 ; lectures only on Hu- 
manity, ib. ; resigns, 27, 355, 356 ; 
his verses on Principal Rollock re- 
ferred to, 373. 

Darien, Settlement on the Isthmus of, 
267. 

Dark Ages, State of Learning in, 45. 

Darley, Mr. Henry, Commissioner from 
England to the General Assembly, 
123. 

Damley, Henry Lord, 2. 

Davidson, Mr. James, and Mr. Thomas 
Ruddiman, resign as College Print- 
ers, 424. 

Davis, Mr. John, 163. 

Dawson, Mr. William, minister at New- 
castle-upon Tyne, elected Professor 
.f H.-brew, 402, 422, 423. 

Declamations. See Orations. 

Dennistoun, Sir Robert ; his donation to 
the College, 123. 

1 1. Cartes, Meditations of, 220, 340. 

DespMteriut, Joannes, 143. 

Dice, Act of Faculty for preventing 
playing at, 276. 

Dick, Mr. Robert, Advocate, Professor 
i.f Civil Law, 426. 

Dirk. William, Merchant, 80; Sir 
William, 391. 

Dickson, .Mr. Alexander, minister of 

.ittle. fleeted Professor of 

ll.-bivw, 171, 177. !'.. I'.i'J. 1 !i:,, 
353; bis salarv reduced, 20 1: .! 

j.rive I. i 

DirkN,,n. Mr. David, i u, (60; ekctod 

<snr of Divinity, IfiO, 170; 

bis salarv augmented, 171 ; \> 

Diek.s-.il, Dr. David, Fellnw of the ]J,, V :d 



College of Physicians, Edinburgh, 
308. 

i Disputations in the College, 377, 378, 
382, 385. 

Divinity, taught from the first in the 
College of Edinburgh, 9, 19, 144. 

Divinity, Bursars of, Presbyteries to 
maintain, 149. See Bursars of 
Divinity. 

Divinity, Professor of, this office at tirst 
held jointly with that of Principal, 
19 ; the two offices disjoined, 74 ; 
donation for supporting, 111; leg- 
acy for augmenting salary of, 132 ; 
house to be built for, 182 ; duties 
of, 381. 

Divinity, Students of. See E<l'm 
burf/h. 

Dobie, Richard, Dean of Guild, 121. 

Doddridge, Dr. Philip, 422. 

Dods, Thomas, plumber, his legacy to 
the College, 133. 

Douglas, Mr. Alexander, becomes mini- 
ster of Whittingham, 61. 

Douglas, Mr. Alexander, elected Pro- 
fessor of Hebrew, 211 ; his salary 
augmented, 214, 226 ; deprived by 
Commission of Visitation, 232 ; his 
legacy of books to the College, 238, 
249. 

Douglas, Mr. George; his verses on 
Principal Rollock referred to, 373. 

Douglas, Mr. John ; his verses on Prin 
cipal Rollock referred to, 375. 

Douglas, Mr. Robert, one of the mini- 
sters of Edinburgh, 124, 129, 135, 
139 ; Moderator of the General 
Assembly, 140 ; elected Rector of 
the University, 154-156, 33:5 ; his 
Sermon at the Coronation of Charles 
II., 159, 160, 169. 

Douglas, Mr. William, Advocate, I'.M. 

Dou-las, Mr. William, 142, 144. 

Drummond, Adam, of Megirinsh, 2 

Drummond, Dr. Alexander Monn>, 
elected Professor of Institutes of 
Medicine, 443, 445, 447 ; does not 
accept, 448. 

Druimnoud, Mr. Colin, elected Pn>' 

of Philosophy, 2 ecomes 

Professor of Logic, :;< 

307, ;JI<-:;1'.: 3 

i l.'dcd Professor of (I ret ! 

1"J. 405, I"'.'. II". -li:i. 

Drummond. : of Ivlin 

bur.-rh, :;-Jl. 826 

1 >nininiond, Mr. .John, elecfc d 1'n. 
of Humanity, 224, 2i'> 

jn-ived liy Commission of Visitation. 



INDEX. 



465 



Drummond, William, of Hawthornden, 
97, 357. 

Drysdale, Mr. John, minister of Kirk- 
aldy, 401, 403. 

Drysdale, John, son of the preceding, 
401, 403. 

Dumbarney, Teinds of, 420. 

Dunbar, Battle of, 158, 163. 

Dunblane, Battle of, between the Pre- 
tender and the troops of George I., 
315. 

Duncan, Dr. Andrew, a candidate for 
Professorship of Institutes of Medi- 
cine, 443 ; appointed to teach In- 
stitutes of Medicine for one session, 
445 ; and for another session, 448. 

Duncrub (Rollo), Barons of, 30. 

Dundas, Henry, Lord Advocate, 447. 

Dundas, Mr. Laurence, elected Professor 
of Humanity, 235, 262, 273, 280, 
287, 293, 298, 301, 306, 307, 310- 
312, 314-319, 324-330, 338, 339, 
354, 368 ; his legacy to the Col- 
lege, 369, 394, 395; proposes to 
resign, 397 ; his death, 405, 455. 

Dundas, Sir Laurence, Bart, of Kerse, 
338, 455. 

Dundas, Mr. Thomas, elected Professor 
of Civil Law, 402. 

Dundas, Sir Thomas, afterwards Lord 
Dundas, 338, 455. 

Dunfermline, Earl of. See Seton, Sir 
Alexander, 

Dunlop, Mr. Alexander, 27. 

Dunlop, Mr. John, Librarian, 191, 349, 
350. 

Dunlop, Mr. William, Principal of the 
College of Glasgow, 238, 239 ; his 
endeavours to obtain King Wil- 
liam's grant to the four Univer- 
sities of Scotland, 271. 

Dunlop, Mr. William, appointed Pro- 
fessor of Church History, 314, 315 ; 
his death, 326. 

Dunsmuir, Mr. James, bursar of Divi- 
nity, 420. 



EDINBURGH, erected into an Episcopal 
See, 104. 

Edinburgh, Bishop of, 194, 195. See 
Paterson, John. 

Edinburgh, Castle of, besieged by 
General Leslie in 1640, 116; be- 
trayed to Cromwell, 1 60. 

Edinburgh, Golden Charter of City of, 
43. 

Edinburgh, High School of ; its estab- 
lishment, 4, 53, 93. 

Edinburgh, Ministers of, assist in found- 



ing the University, 1, 4; their 
flight in consequence of a tumult at 
Edinburgh, 25, 26; to be joint 
with Town-Council in electing Re- 
gents of the College, 57, 58 ; Act 
of Town-Council, disallowing Pro- 
fessors of Divinity and Church 
History to be, 325. 

Edinburgh, University of; its origin, 1, 
4 ; Royal Charter authorizing the 
founding of, 6 ; which is ratified by 
Act of Parliament, 8 ; plan of in- 
struction in, 8, 9 ; length of the 
Session in, 10-12 ; royal confirma- 
tion of all former grants made to, 
43 ; examinations at the opening 
of the Session, 45-48, 379, 380 ; 
and previous to receiving the de- 
gree of A.M., 45, 48-50 ; students 
dispersed by the Plague, 52, 53, 
55, 56; revenues of, 56-58, 116, 
120, 121, 172 ; Act of Parliament 
of 1618 in confirmation of, 76 ; 
laws or discipline of, 13, 91, 92, 
145, 197-199, 257, 274277, 285, 
286, 290, 376-387 ; 396 ; additions 
to the buildings of, 102, 128, 347, 
348 ; donations or mortifications to, 
2, 173, 387-393 ; commemoration 
of benefactors of, 184 ; tumults at, 
198 ; abbreviate of Acts of Council 
anent, 284 ; records of, corrupted, 
286, 287, 290, 291 ; Act of Town- 
Council in reference to these re- 
cords, 286-288, 290, 291 ; new 
regulation for teaching Greek and 
Philosophy in, ratified by Town- 
Council, 299, 300, 307 ; after the 
Union less flourishing than before, 
308; funds of, 318; Treasurer's 
accounts of the funds of, 396, 402, 
408, 411, 427-429, 435, 439-441, 
445, 448, 449, 451. 

Edinburgh, Principal of the University 
of, held at first the office of Profes- 
sor of Divinity, 19 ; his salary in- 
creased, 41, 102, 279, 290; offices 
of Principal and Professor of Divi- 
nity disjoined, 74 ; duties of, 240, 
380, 381 ; list of Principals, 331. 

Edinburgh, Printer to the University 
of, power to choose belonged to 
Town-Council, 421, 424. 

Edinburgh, Professors of the Univer- 
sity of, their salaries augmented, 
74, 303 ; refuse to take the oaths 
of allegiance and supremacy, 207 ; 
dispute between Town-Council and 
them as to their powers, 279-283 ; 
and as to the electing of a member 



2 G 



466 



INDEX. 



to represent the University in the 
General Assembly, 279-283, 319- 
321 ; complaints against, 288, 289 ; 
Professors to hold their offices 
only during the Council's plea- 
sure, 323 ; oaths to be subscribed 
by, at their admission, 402, 407, 413. 

Edinburgh, Professors of Divinity in 
University of, list of, 334. See 
Divinity, Professor of. 

Edinburgh, Rector of the University of, 
74, 90, 333 ; office of, to be re- 
vived, 112 ; gown worn by, ib. ; re- 
gulations to bo observed by, 113, 
114, 145, 154; power of Town- 
Council to choose, 321 ; list of 
Rectors, 333. 

Edinburgh, Students of the Univer- 
sity of, engagement subscribed by, 
101, 184; new Sponsio to be sub- 
scribed by, at their matriculation, 
175; their burning the Pope in 
effigy, 210; bonds and engage- 
ments to be taken by, 211 ; Spon- 
sio to be subscribed by, 212, 223, 
227, 268; their attending the 
church, 382, 384. 

Elizabeth, Queen, 16, 19, 26; her 
death, 42. 

Elliot, Alexander, a bursar of Philoso- 
phy, 420. 

Elliot, Sir Gilbert, 279. 

Elliot, Robert, surgeon, allowed a 
yearly salary for teaching anatomy, 
291. 

Ellis, Mr. John, Dean of Faculty of Ad- 
vocates, 363. 

Ellis, Mr. Robert, his donation for en- 
larging the buildings of the Col- 
lege, 100, 128. See Gillies. 

Elphinston, Bishop, 9. 

Elplrinston, Laird of, 333. 

Engagement, The, for restoring Charles 
II. without conditions, 146-148, 159. 

Episcopacy, abolished, 110; established 
in Scotland by Charles II., 186, 
207. 

Erskine or Areskine, Mr. Charles, elect- 
ed Professor of Philosophy, 273, 
274, 277, 278, 280, 285, 290, 293, 
294 ; appointed Professor of Public 
Law and of Law of Nature and 
us, 294 ; his appoint nx-iit pn>- 
1 against by the Town-Council, 
295, 297, 298, 306, 316, 329, 395, 
396. 

Erskine, Mr. John, a candidate for Pro- 
fessorship ..I Civil Law, 402 ; 
elected Professor of Scots Law, 
407 ; resigns, 435. 



Erskine, Dr. John, one of the ministers 

of Edinburgh, 407, 430. 
Ethics, 220, 251. See Moral Philo- 



FAIRFOUL, Mr. Andrew, 120. 

Fairly, Mr. James, elected Regent of 
Philosophy, 55, 56, 58, 60, 62, 63, 
65, 67, 71, 72 ; his salary increased, 
74, 78, 79 ; becomes minister of 
Leith, 81, 84, 90; elected Professor 
of Divinity, 93 ; resigns, and be- 
comes one of the ministers of Edin- 
burgh, 95, 334. 

Fairly, Mr. Robert, a candidate for 
Professorship of Humanity, 108. 

Fenton, John, Comptroller's Clerk, 3. 

Fenton, Thomas, Bailie, 397, 398. 

Ferguson, Mr. Adam, minister of Logie- 
rait. 428. 

Ferguson, Dr. Adam, son of the preced- 
ing, 344 ; elected Professor of Natu- 
ral Philosophy, 428 ; elected Profes- 
sor of Moral Philosophy, 433, 434, 
441, 442, 444; goes abroad with the 
Earl of Chesterfield, 444-446 ; al- 
lowed a seat in the Troii Church, 
450 ; appointed secretary to the 
Commissioners sent to America to 
negotiate a peace with the colonies, 
451. 

Ferguson, Mr. Henry, 235. 

Ferguson, Mr. Joseph, preferred to a 
bursary of Divinity, 414. 

Ferme, Mr. Charles, 19, 20 ; elected Re- 
gent of Philosophy, 21, 22, 24, 26, 
27, 29; becomes minister at Fraser- 
burgh, 40. 

Fleming, John, Bailie ; his donation 

for the College buildings, 122 ; his 

y to the College, 129, 347, 390. 

Fleming, Robert, Bailie, contributes to 
the building of the College, 128. 

Forbes, Mr. William, dcc-trd Professor 
of Humanity, 171 ; elected Profes- 
sor of Philosophy, 174, 176, 361 ; 
his death, 145, 176, 185. 

Forbes, Mr. William. ;\ cHiididiite for 
Professorship of Philosophy, 234. 

Ford, Hector ; his mortification to the 
College, 302, 414, 420, 421. 

Forrest, Dr. James, Fellow of the 
Royal College of Physicians, Edin- 
burgh, 308. 

Forrester, Mr. David, minister in 
North Leith, 106, 112. 

Forrester, Mr. Dunr.-ni. raiuliil.r 

Professorship of Philosophy, K'7, 
108; elected, 112, 115, 119, 121, 



INDEX. 



467 



132, 134, 138, 145, 150, 154-156, 
161, 164, 170, 352 ; resigns, 171, 
360. 

Forret (Schoner), Lady, donation of hers 
applied to College buildings, 129. 

Foulis, Mr., a candidate for Professor- 
ship of Humanity, 409. 

Fraser, Sir Alexander, Bart , chief Phy- 
sician to the King, 204. 

Fraser, Mr. George, Sub-Principal of 
King's College, Aberdeen, 248. 

Fraser, Mr. George, minister of Mon- 
edie, 450. 

Fraser, James, son of the preceding, a 
bursar of Philosophy, 450. 

Fraser, James, assistant secretary of the 
Bank of Scotland, 450. 

Fraser, James, son of the preceding, a 
bursar of Philosophy, 450. 

Fraser, John, Writer to the Signet, 451. 

Fraser, Thomas ; his mortification to 
the College, 451. 

Fyvie, Lord. See Seton, Sir Alexander. 



GALBRAITH, Mr. Humphrey, a candi- 
date for Professorship of Humanity, 
61, 358, 364 ; becomes Professor in 
one of the Colleges of France, 61. 

Galbraith, Valentine, burgess of Edin- 
burgh, 358. 

Galloway, Mr. John, 126. 

Galloway, Mr. Patrick, minister, 34. 

Geometry, 220, 221. 

George 1. ; his succession to the throne, 
314. 

Gelly, John, Doctor of Medicine, 82. 

Gib, John, servitor to James VI., 3, 6. 

Gibson, Mr. Alexander, elected Profes- 
sor of Humanity, 99 ; resigns, 103, 
359. 

Gibson, Christian, relict of Sir Robert 
Dennistoun, 123. 

Gibson, Mr. John, preferred to a bursary 
of Divinity, 414. 

Gibson, Mr. Joseph, appointed City Pro- 
fessor of Midwifery, 395 ; his death, 
408. 

Gillespie, Mr. George, 118; one of the 
Scottish Deputies to Assembly of 
^ Divines at Westminster, 124. 

Gillies, Archibald, bursar of Philosophy, 
420. 

Gillies, Patrick, elder, his legacy of 500 
marks to the College, 390, 100. 

Gillies, Patrick, younger, his legacy of 
500 marks to the College, 390, 100. 

Gilmour, Mr. Robert, janitor to the Col- 
lege, afterwards minister of Calder- 
Clere, 29. 



Glasgow, University of, 5, 141, 149, 
201, 238, 404. 

Glen, Mr. Alexander, bursar of Divinity, 
420. 

Gloag, Mr. Andrew, minister of West 
Calder, 414. 

Gloag, William, son of the preceding, 
preferred to bursary of Philosophy, 
414. 

Goodall, Mr. John, elected Professor of 
Hebrew, 277, 280 ; his salary aug- 
mented, 285, 298, 301, 306, 311, 
315 ; his death, 322, 323, 402. 

Gordon, Duke of, George, 217. 

Gordon, Mr. Duke, assists in preparing 
an Alphabetical Catalogue of the 
Library, 438. 

Gordon, Mr. John, Advocate, elected 
Professor of Universal Civil His- 
tory, 423, 424 ; demits, 425, 426. 

Gordon, Mr. Patrick, 149, 150. 

Gowdie, or Goldie, Mr. John, one of 
the ministers of Edinburgh, elected 
Professor of Divinity, 403 ; elected 
Principal of the College, 332, 424; 
his death, 429, 430. 

Gowns, order for wearing them never 
complied with in University of 
Edinburgh, 13 ; proposal that Pro- 
fessors and Students should wear 
them, 251. 

Gowrie, John, second Earl of, 14, 24, 
373, 374. 

Graduation of the Magistrand Class, 11, 
48-50 ; circling of the Class at, 49 ; 
this custom laid aside for a time, 
94 ; again revived, 123 ; performed 
in Trinity College Church, or in 
Greyfriars, 62 ; performed in Lady 
Tester's Church, 186, 190, 191,203; 
oaths of allegiance and supremacy 
to be taken at, 207; great majo- 
rity of Students refuse to take 
these oaths, 207, 209, 211-217, 
223, 224 ; taking of oath of alle- 
giance to King William and Queen 
Mary required at, but refused by 
many students, 244, 250, 254 ; 
strict examination of students at, 
251, 267. 

Graduation Book of University of Edin- 
burgh, 17, 375. 

Graduates, Town's Seal to be appended 
to diploma of, 283, Lists of, 376. 

Graham, David, his legacy to the Col- 
lege, 135. 

Graham, Mr. James, of Airth, Dean of 
Faculty, 409. 

Graham, Mr. Robert, a candidate for 
Professorship of Philosophy, 234. 



468 



INDEX. 



Grammar, concerning teaching of, 143. 

Grammar Schools, 130-132, 139, 142, 
143. 

Grant, Alexander, Bailie, 423. 

Grant, Dr. Gregory, a candidate for 
Professorship of the Institutes of 
Medicine, 443. 

Grant, Laird of (Grant), 249. 

Grant, James, son of the preceding, 249. 

Grant, Mr. Robert, Writer to the Signet, 
451. 

Greek, Pronunciation of, 69 ; a fixed 
professor for teaching, 251, 271, 
272 ; new regulations for teaching, 
299, 300, 368, 370; manner of 
teaching, 376, 379, 398, 399, 404, 
405, 408, 409, 441. 

Gregory, Dr. David, elected Professor 
of Mathematics, 213, 226, 235; 
appointed Savilian Professor of As- 
tronomy at Oxford, 245, 246, 324, 
341 ; the first who introduced the 
Newtonian philosophy into the 
University of Edinburgh, 342, 344. 

Gregory, Mr. James, elected Professor 
of Mathematics, 204, 337; his 
death, 206, 213, 339, 340. 

Gregory, Mr. James, brother to Dr. 
David, elected Professor of Mathe- 
matics, 245, 246, 273, 280, 298, 
306, 315, 324, 329, 342, 395. 

Gregory, Dr. James, elected Professor 
of the Institutes of Medicine, 448, 
449. 

Gregory, Dr. John, father of the pre- 
ceding, elected Professor of the 
Practice of Medicine, 436 ; allowed 
to teach also the Theory of Medi- 
cine, 439 ; his death, 443, 449. 

Greir, Mr. George, his verses on Prin- 
cipal Rollock referred to, 373. 

Grieve, Mr. Robert, minister of Dal- 
kcith, 444. 

Guild, Dr. William, 178. 

Gulon, Mr. William, a candidate for 
Professorship of Humanity, 367. 

Guthric, Mr. Alexander, Town-Clerk 
of Edinburgh, 356, 454. 

Guthrie, Mr. James, College Treasurer, 
427. 



HALKET, James, M.D., Professor of Me- 
dicine in the College, 215. 

Hall, Mr. John, zoalous for increasing 
the salaries of the Professors, 57. 

Hall, Sir John, 228. 

Halley, Edmund, 340. 

Hallrraig, Lord (Sir John Hamilton), 
228. 



Hamilton, Charles, Bailie, 352. 

Hamilton, Mr., Clerk to Commission of 
Parliament for visiting Universities, 
259. 

Hamilton, Family of, their forfeiture, 4, 
16. 

Hamilton, Messrs. Gavin and John 
Balfour, appointed College printers, 
424, 434. 

Hamilton, Mr. George, one of the min- 
isters of Edinburgh, 273. 

Hamilton, Mr. James, 17. 

Hamilton, Mr. James, successively min- 
ister of Dumfries and Edinburgh, 
106. 

Hamilton, Mr. James, Advocate, a can- 
didate for Professorship of Univer- 
sal Civil History, 424. 

Hamilton, Mr. John, one of the ministers 
of Edinburgh, 273. 

Hamilton, James, Marquis of, King's 
Commissioner at General Assembly 
of 1638, 109; commander of forces of 
Charles I. against the Covenanters, 
110 ; defeated by Cromwell, 147. 

Hamilton, Mr. Robert, a candidate for 
Professorship of Logic and Meta- 
physics, 400. 

Hamilton, Mr. Robert, elected Professor 
of Divinity, 424, 442, 449. 

Hamilton, Mr. William, father of the 
preceding, elected Professor of Di- 
vinity, 304 ; not to have a mini- 
sterial charge, ib. ; accepts of the 
Professorship, 305, 306; allowed 
to be chosen one of the ministers 
of Edinburgh, 312, 314, 315, 319, 
329, 332, 335, 395-397 ; elected 
Principal, 401 ; his death, 402. 

Hamilton, Sir William, 228. 

Hamilton, Sir William, his Majesty's 
resident at Court of Naples, 448. 

Hannay, Mr. George, candidate for Pro- 
fessorship of Humanity, 79 ; and 
for Professorship of Philosophy, 82 ; 
afterwards minister at Torplnchen, 
83. 

Hannay, James, Dean of Edinburgh, 
tumult at his reading tin- Srmri-- 
Book, 104, 105. 

Harley, Mr. Jonathan, receives the de- 
gree of M.D., 308. 

Hart, Andrew, printer, 81. 

Hart, Mr. James, one of the ministers 
of Edinburgh, 280. 

Hart, Mr. William, his verses on Prin- 
cipal Rollock referred to, 375. 

Hatcher, Mr. Thomas, 123, 124. 

Hay, Mr. John, Town Clerk, Kdiiibiinrh, 
83. 



INDEX. 



469 



Hebdomadar, Duties of the, 198, 199, 
213, 251, 257, 289, 382, 383. 

Hebrew Language, at first taught by 
Professor of Divinity, 121, 380; 
grammar of, taught by Regent of 
Bachelor class, 377 ; a separate 
chair for teaching it instituted, 
121, 174, 208, 211, 237, 249, 277 ; 
salary of Professor of, increased by 
Queen Anne's bounty, 303, 322, 
323, 402, 422, 425. 

Henderson, Mr. Alexander, 109, 112 ; 
elected Rector of the University, 
114-118; becomes Dean of the 
Chapel Royal, 120, 122-124, 127, 
134, 135 ; paper controversy be- 
tween him and Charles i., 136, 
137; his death, 137, 138; Robert 
Baillie's eulogium upon, 141, 154, 
333, 337. 

Henderson, Laurence, Bailie, contri- 
butes for buildings of the College, 
128. 

Henderson, Mr. Robert, 213; elected 
Librarian, 214, 226, 238, 254,266, 
286, 290, 305, 329, 350, 354, 394, 
405, 406 ; demits, 414, 420, 456. 

Henderson, Mr. William, elected Libra- 
rian, 196, 201 ; his salary increased, 
204, 214, 226, 254, 266, 339, 350, 
354. 

Henry, Prince, son of James VI., 40. 

Hepburn, Mr. Alexander, a candidate 
for professorship of Philosophy, 
82, 83; elected, 96, 103, 111, 115, 
116, 118, 121; resigns, 125. 

Hepburn, Bailie, 438, 439. 

Hepburn, Sir Patrick, of Blackcastle, 
his mortification to the College, 
317, 420. 

Hepburn, Mr. Thomas, Minister at 
Oldhamstocks, 83. 

Heslope, Mr. Philip, graduates, 19 ; 
elected Regent of Philosophy, 20 ; 
travels into Germany, 21 ; returns 
to Scotland, 22, 23; becomes 
minister of Inveresk, 24 ; his 
death, ib. 

Hall, Mr. John, elected Professor of 
Humanity, 447 ; made a burgess 
of Edinburgh, ib. 

Hippocrates, Oath of, 293. 

History, Ecclesiastical, professorship of, 
instituted, 250, 256, 314, 395, 407, 
430. 

History, Universal Civil, professorship 
of, instituted, 328 ; how Professor 
of, to be afterwards elected, 329, 
423, 425, 435. 

Hog, William, merchant, burgess of 



Edinburgh, 273 ; College Trea- 
surer, 402, 430,431, 434. 

Hog, Mr. William, a candidate for Pro- 
fessorship of Humanity, 79. 

Hog, Mr. William, a candidate for Pro- 
fessorship of Philosophy, 273. 

Home, Dr. Francis, appointed Profes- 
sor of Materia Medica, 438, 444. 

Home, Dr. James, son of the preceding, 
Professor of the Practice of Medi- 
cine, 438. 

Hood, Mr. Humphrey, a candidate for 
Professorship of Humanity, 94. 

Hope, Alexander, son of Sir Thomas 
Hope, 94. 

Hope, Dr. John, elected Professor of 
Botany and Materia Medica, 429, 
431-435; resigns as Professor of 
Materia Medica, but retains Pro- 
fessorship of Botany, 438. 

Hope, Sir John, 392. 

Hope, Sir Thomas, of Craighall, Lord 
Advocate, a great promoter of the 
prosperity of the College, 81, 94 ; 
King's Commissioner at General 
Assembly of 1643, 123 ; his legacy 
to the College, 392. 

Horsman, Mr. Oliver, obtains the de- 
gree of LLD., 317. 

Hour glass, 85. 

Humanity class, its institution, 9, 21, 
355, 356 ; fund for its support, 21, 
22, 27, 28, 56, 355, 356, 387 ; by 
whom the Professor of, elected, 
28, 356 ; regulations as to what the 
Professor of, should teach, 28, 
376, 379 ; candidates for the chair 
of, to undergo a strict trial, 84, 85, 
94, 108, 126, 234, 235, 364-366; 

Kroposal by Town-Council to abo- 
sh it, 174 ; this proposal not agreed 
to by College of Justice, 176, 361 ; 
students of, when first matriculated, 
369 ; discipline of, 379 ; Buchan- 
an's Psalms taught in, 379 ; no- 
tices of Professors of, 355-371. 

Hume. See Home. 

Hume, or Home, Mr. Alexander, 
Rector of the High School, his 
resignation, 53, 357 ; his verses on 
Principal Rollock referred to, 373. 

Hume, Mr. David, his verses on Prin- 
cipal Rollock referred to, 373. 

Hume, David, the historian, a candi- 
date for Professorship of Moral 
Philosophy, 411, 425. 

Hume, Patrick, of Polwarth, 73. 

Hume, Sir Patrick, 228. 

Hume, Mr. Robert, a candidate for Pro- 
fessorship of Humanity, 364, 365- 



470 



INDEX. 



Hunt, Dr., Professor of Hebrew at Uni- 
versity of Oxford, 422. 

Hunter (Honter), John, Cosmography 
of, 378. 

Hunter, Dr. Andrew, elected Professor 
of Divinity, 424. 

Hunter, Mr. Robert, elected Professor 
of Greek, 370, 409, 412, 413; 
petitions Town -Council for a col- 
league, 441-443, 456. 

Hutcheson, Dr. Francis, declines pre- 
sentation to Professorship of Moral 
Philosophy, 413. 

Hutcheson, Mr. George, a candidate for 
Professorship of Philosophy, 234. 

Hutcheson, Nicol, a prebendary of the 
Kirk of Field, 2. 

Huygens, Christian, 340. 

INNES, DR. JOHN, 394, 396, 399; ap- 
pointed Professor of Medicine and 
Chemistry, 416, 417; hisdeath, 418. 

Innes, John, appointed Janitor of the 
College, 433. 

Interest, rate of, during the reign of 
James VI., 28. 

JAMES VI. ; his education, 5 ; grants a 
charter for founding the College 
of Edinburgh, 6 ; faction which 
gained an ascendency over him, 
14; his gift to the College, 15; 
his marriage, 23 ; his commen- 
dation of Presbyterian doctrine 
and discipline, ib. ; his lenity to 
the Popish Lords, 25 ; aims at 
restoring Episcopacy, 26, 76; 
his Basilicon Doron, 40 ; suc- 
ceeds to the English throne, 42 ; 
his marks of favour for the College, 
43 ; visits Scotland, 63, 64 ; dispu- 
tation held by the Professors of the 
College in his presence at Stirling 
Castle, 64-70 ; his progress through 
Scotland, 65 ; his learning, 67, 69 ; 
specimens of his witticism, 67 ; 
his character as a writer, 70; his 
let ter to the Town-Council as to the 
College, 70: his death, 80, 100, 162. 

James, Duke of York, 211 ; succeeds to 
the throne, 215, 216; suspicions 
of his designs as to the Univer- 
sities, 21H ; grants a signature of 
confirmation to I'niversit y of Edin- 
l.ur-li. '-'-' I: liis :il..li.-ation, 224,227. 
n, Mr. Edward, 228. 

Janitor of th College, Duties of,199. 184. 

-leiikin's Mortification to tin- ('. 
420. 



Johnston, Archibald, afterwards Lord 
Warriston, Clerk of General As- 
sembly at Glasgow in 1638, 109, 
118; one of the deputies sent to 
Charles I. at Oxford, 123 ; deputy 
to Assembly of Divines at West- 
minster, 124 ; opposed to the En- 
gagement, 146; his mortification 
to the College, 419. 

Johnston, Archibald ; his legacy to the 
College, 72, 389. 

Johnston, John, brother to Laird of 
Elphinston, elected Rector of the 
University, 333. 

Johnston, Mr. John, Librarian, 183. 

Johnston, Sir Patrick, Provost of Edin- 
burgh, Theses dedicated to, 291. 

Johnston, Robert, LL.D. ; his legacy to 
the College, 116, 117, 128, 391, 
406, 414, 420, 421. 

Johnston, Samuel, 72, 389. 

Johnston, William, Treasurer, 183 ; 
Sir William, 316. 

Jollie, Mr. George, College Treasurer, 
139. 

Jossie, John, College Treasurer, 115, 
127, 128, 174, 183, 361, 391, 392. 

Justice, William, his legacy to the Col- 
lege, 72. 

KAMES, LORD (Henry Home), 425. 

Keith, James, of Edmonston, contri- 
butes for buildings of the College, 
102. 

Keith, Mr. William, elected Professor 
of Divinity, 191 ; swears the oath 
of allegiance and supremacy, 195, 
201, 353 ; his death, 206, 334. 

Kellie, Gasper, a candidate for Pro- 
fessorship of Humanity, 367. 

Kennedy, Mr. David, a candidate for 
Professorship of Humanity, 126. 

Kennedy, David, a writer in Edin- 
burgh, 303. 

Kennedy, Mr. David, Advocate, a can- 
didate for Professorship of Uni- 
versal Civil History, 426. 

Kennedy, Mr. Herbert, elected Profes- 
sor of Philosophy, 214, 21C,, -J17, 
223, 225-227, 235-237, 246, 248, 
250, 258-260, 262, 264 ; his death, 
266, 267. 

Kennedy, Mr. Hugh, 228. 

Kennedy, Mr. James, a candidate for 
Professorship of Philosophy. 

Kennedy, Sir Thomas, Provost of 1-Min 
burgh, Theses dedicated to, 217, 

Ker, Mr. Andrew, l. r >l ;.!mlgo, 1HI. 
Ker, Mr. .James, 59; elected I.' 



INDEX. 



471 



in St. Leonard's College, St. An- 
drews, 60. 

Ker, Mr. John, elected Professor of 
Humanity, 369, 404, 405; his 
death, 370, 409, 456. 

Ker, Eobert, Lord Newbattle, after- 
wards Earl of Lothian, 26. 

Ker, William, eldest son of Robert Lord 
Roxburgh, 59. (See Corrections.} 

Kilsyth, Victory of Montrose over the 
Covenanters at, 133. 

Kincaid, Mr. Alexander, Bookseller, 
415. 

Kincaid, Mary, 182. 

Kincaid, Thomas, 174, 371. 

King, Mr. William, elected Regent of 
Philosophy, 55, 56, 58, 61, 63, 65, 
67, 68, 71, 73; his salary in- 
creased, 74, 75, 79, 80, 84, 91; 
becomes minister of Cramond, 95, 
96. 

Kinloss, Abbot of (Reid), 2. 

Kirk of Field, and Provost and Pre- 
bendaries of, 2, 3, 4, 7, 16, 20, 56. 

Kirkaldy, Session of College held at, 158. 

Kirkpatrick, Mr. William, Professor of 
Public Law, and Law of Nature 
and Nations, 406. 

Kirkton, Mr. James, 228. 

Kirk wood, Mr. James, candidate for 
Professorship of Humanity, 367. 

Kniland, Mr. John, elected Librarian, 
178, 191, 349. 

Knox, Mr. James, elected Regent of 
Philosophy, 40, 41, 52 ; becomes 
minister of Kelso, 53. 

LADY TESTER'S CHURCH, Professors and 
Students to be accommodated with 
Seats in, 330. 

Laing, James, merchant, College Trea- 
surer, 316. 

Lanark, William, Earl of, concerned in 
the Engagement, 146. 

Landells, Mr. George, a candidate for 
Professorship of Humanity, 367. 

Latin language, Importance of the know- 
ledge of, in the loth and 16th cen- 
turies, 44, 45 ; Scotch pronuncia- 
tion of, 69 ; method of studying 
and teaching, 221, 376; students 
to converse in, 276, 288, 386. 

Laud, Dr. William, Archbishop, 92, 98, 
103, 167. 

Lauder, John, Treasurer of the College, 
183, 393. 

Lauder, Mr. William, 405. 

Lauderdale, John, Duke of, concerned 
in the Engagement, 146, 203, 207. 
See Maitland, Lord John. 



Laurie, Gilbert, College Treasurer, 426- 
429. 

Laurie, Mr. Robert, one of the minis- 
ters of Edinburgh, 139. 

Law, late in being taught in the Uni- 
versity of Edinburgh, 9 ; fund for 
Professorship of, 21, 22, 27, 354. 

Law, Civil, Professorship of, instituted, 
308, 402, 426. 

Law, Public, and the Law of Nature 
and Nations, Professorship of, in- 
stituted, 294, 295 ; salary of, the 
largest in College of Edinburgh, 
324 ; salary provided for, 328 ; how 
professor of, to be afterwards elect- 
ed, 329, 406, 434. 

Law, Scots, Professorship of, erected, 
328 ; salary provided for, ib. ; how 
professor of, to be in future elected, 
329, 407, 435. 

Law, Mr. John, a candidate for Pro- 
fessorship of Humanity, 364. 

Law, Mr. John, one of the ministers of 
Edinburgh, 234. 

Law, Mr. Robert, elected Professor of 
Greek, 408 ; his death, ib. 

Law, Mr. William, a candidate for Pro- 
fessorship of Philosophy, 234 ; 
elected, 234-237, 246, 248, 250, 
253, 256-260, 262, 264, 267, 270, 
273, 274, 277, 278, 280, 285, 287, 
290, 291, 293, 294, 297, 298 ; be- 
comes Professor of Moral Philo- 
sophy, 300-306, 315, 329, 395, 398, 
408. 

Lawson, Mr. James, minister of Edin- 
burgh, active in founding the Col- 
lege, 3, 4, 345 ; his banishment and 
death, 14, 15, 345, 453-455. 

Lawson, James, 183. 

Lawtie, John, Apothecary, his legacy 
to the College, 77, 389. 

Learning, State of, in dark ages, 44. 

Leeds, Edward, created LL.D., 311. 

Lees, Mr. John, a candidate for Pro- 
fessorship of Logic and Metaphy- 
sics, 400. 

Leighton, Alexander, M.D., his suffer- 
ings, 166, 168. 

Leighton, Mr. Robert, minister of New- 
battle, 161 ; elected Principal of 
the College, 166-173, 176, 331; 
obtains a gift from Cromwell to the 
College, 181, 183 ; becomes Bishop 
of Dumblane, 186, 187, 190; his 
mortification to the College, 316, 
353, 414. 

Lennox, Esme, Duke of, 14. 

Leslie, Alexander, Writer to the Signet, 
184. 



472 



INDEX. 



Leslie, General David, commands the 
army of the Covenanters against 
the forces of Charles I., 110, 116; 
routs Montrose at Philiphaugh, 
133; is defeated by Cromwell at 
Dunbar, 158. 

Lewis, Captain Ninian, 440. 

Lewis, Robert, M.D., Edinburgh, 440. 

Librarian, Salary of, 102 ; fees of, from 
graduates at graduation, 283, 291, 
301 ; his first appointment to attend 
at stated hours, 347 ; notices of 
Librarians, 345-354. 

Library, New Public Hall for, 62, 63, 
74, 75 ; increase of, 89, 101 ; new 
library to be built, 122, 128, 135 ; 
contributions to be made by stu- 
dents to, 172, 191 ; Librarian 
ordered to make two catalogues of, 
178, 191, 192, 284, 411; laws of, 
351-353, 395, 415 ; masters to sub- 
scribe the laws of, 290, 301, 345 ; 
new library to be made by raising 
the then existing library walls, 
423, 426, 429 ; condition on which 
the corporation of surgeons were 
admitted to borrow books from, 
433, 434. 

Library, Theological, foundation of, 278. 

Lidderdale, Mr. Robert, elected Regent 
of Philosophy, 211, 212, 214, 216; 
his death, 217, 218. 

Lightbody's mortification to the College, 
420. 

Lind, Dr. James, 444. 

Lindsay, Agnes, 3. 

Lindsay, Alexander, Widow of, her gift 
to the College, 59. 

Lindsay, Patrick, Bailie, 326. 

Lindsay, Mr. David, minister, 34. 

Lindsay, Mr. David, of Aberdeen, 149, 
150. 

Lindsay, Mr. David, Bishop of Edin- 
burgh, 104. 

Lindsay, of Byres, Lord, his liberality 
to the College, 57, 388. 

Linlithgow, Session of the College held 
at, 348. 

Linn (Lind), Hugh, College Treasurer, 
256 ; Bailie, 284. 

Litliow, Gideon, elected printer to the 
College, 146. 

Little, Clement, active in founding the 
College, 3, 4 ; his donation of books 
to the College, 15, 17, 135, 345, 
346, 348, 452-455. 

Little, William, brother of the preced- 
ing, active in founding the College, 
4; elected Provot, 17, 88, 186, 
348, 393, l.VJ ; 



Liturgy. See Canons. Service Book. 

Livingstone, Henry, of Westquarter, 30. 

Livingstone, Mr. John, 106. 

Livingstone, Mary, mother of Principal 
Rollock, 30. 

Livingston, William, of Parkhall, 440. 

Lockhart, Sir George, 218. 

Lockhart, Robert, 392. 

Logic, 220, 251, 377; separate pro- 
fessorship for, 300 ; professors of, 
300, 400, 444. 

Logic, Mr. James, Advocate, 101, 
347. 

Logic, Mr. Kenneth, elected Librarian, 
101, 115, 347; becomes minister 
of Skirling, 119, 347, 351. 

Lorn, Lord, 194, 366. 

Lothian, Earl of, 73, 228. See Ker, 
Robert. 

Loudoun, Lord, 115, 118 ; sent to Charles 
I. at Oxford, 1 23 ; concerned in the 
Engagement, 146. 

Lumisden, Mr. Charles, 17 ; elected Re- 
gent, 18 ; resigns and becomes 
minister of Duddingston, 18, 20. 



MATERIA MEDICA, first erection of a 
separate professorship for, 438. 

M 'Caul's mortification to the College, 
440. 

M'Farlane, Ralph, preferred to bursary 
of Divinity, 414. 

M'Gowan, Mr. James, elected Professor 
of Humanity, 176; demits, 183, 
184, 361, 362. 

Mackall, David, his legacy to the Col- 
lege, 111, 390. 

Mackay, Mr. John, bursar of Divinity, 
420. 

Mackenzie, Sir James, Clerk of His 
Majesty's Exchequer, 295. 

Mackenzie, Mr. John, Deputy-Keeper 
of the Signet, 447. 

Mackenzie, Mr. Kenneth, Professor of 
Civil Law, demits, 426. 

Mackie, Mr. Charles, elected Professor 
of Universal Civil History, 323, 
324, 329 ; obtains a colleague, 423- 
426 ; resigns in toto, 435. 

M'Lanrin, Mr. Colin, Professor of Ma- 
thematics, 343, 395, 409, 410 : his 
death, 410. 

M'Lfllan. Andrew, Janitor, 311. 

M'Lellan, Mr. Robert, a candidate for 
Professorship of Humanity, : Y .r,7. 

M'Lurg, Sir James, his mortification, 
415. 

M'Millan, Mr. Alexander, lU-piity- 
Keeper of the Signet, 409. 



INDEX. 



473 



M'Morran, John, his mortification to 
the College, 414. 

M'Murdo, Mr. Gilbert, Professor of 
Humanity, elected Professor of 
Philosophy, 208-210, 212; his 
death, 214, 367, 368. 

M'Queen, Mr. Robert, Advocate, 446. 

Magistrand Class, 10. 

Maitland, Sir John, Lord Thirlestane, 
Chancellor, 61. 

Maitland, John, Lord, one of the Scot- 
tish deputies to Assembly of Di- 
vines at Westminster, 124. 

Maitland, Mr. William, gift from Town- 
Council to, to assist in publishing 
his History of Edinburgh, 422. 

Majoribanks, John, Bailie, 183, 391. 

Malignants, 159. 

Manderston, Andrew, bursar of Philo- 
sophy, 421. 

Manderston, Patrick (or Robert), College 
Treasurer, 402, 408. 

Mar, Countess of. See Stewart, Mary. 

Marshall, James, Janitor of the College, 
138. 

Marshall, Mr. Stephen, 124. 

Mary, Queen of Scots, her marriage 
with the dauphin of France, 345 ; 
her liberality to the city of Edin- 
burgh, 6 ; her death, 19. 

Mary, daughter of James VII., proclaim- 
ed Queen of England, 225, 227. 

Massie, Mr. Andrew, elected Professor 
of Philosophy, 209, 210, 212, 214, 
216, 218, 223, 225, 226, 235-238, 
244, 246, 248, 250, 254 ; deprived, 
259 ; reponed by the Court of Ses- 
sion, 264, 266, 267, 270, 273, 274, 
277, 278, 280; his resignation, 
285. 

Mason, John, merchant, his legacy to 
the College, 77, 389 

Master of Arts, Degree of, 11; the only 
degree conferred by the College of 
Edinburgh for many years, 50, 131 ; 
the taking of, becomes more irre- 
gular, 305. 

Mathematics, Appointment of one of the 
Regents to be Professor of, 336, 
337, 199, 221 ; appointment of a 
separate Professor of, 204, 339 ; 
salary of Professor of, second largest 
in the College, 324, 344; notices 
of Professors of, 336-344. 

Maxwell, John, afterwards Bishop of 
Ross, 92. 

Mead, Dr. Richard, 317. 

Medicine, late in being taught in Col- 
lege of Edinburgh, 9 ; attempts to 
found a medical school, 215 ; three 



Professors of Medicine appointed, 
ib. 

Medicine, Chair of Institutes of, founded, 
394, 416, 417, 436, 443, 445, 448. 

Medicine, Chair of Practice of, insti- 
tuted, 394, 416, 436, 443. 

Meldrum, Mr. George, minister of Edin- 
burgh, 270; elected Professor of 
Divinity, 277, 280, 289, 295, 298, 
335 ; his death, 304, 320. 

Melrose, Thomas, Earl of, 86. 

Melville, Mr. Andrew, his verses on 
Principal Rollock referred to, 375. 

Melville, Charles, obtains the degree of 
M D., 312. 

Melville, George, Earl of, King Wil- 
liam's Commissioner to the Scot- 
tish Parliament, 227. 

Menteith, Mr. Robert, a candidate for 
Professorship of Divinity, 92, 93. 

Menzies, Mr. John, elected Professor of 
Divinity, 335. 

Mersington, Lord (Sir Alexander Swin- 
ton), 228. 

Mestertoun, James, 390. 

Metaphysics, Professorship of, long dor- 
mant, 88, 220, 251. See Logic. 

Middleton, Mr. Alexander, a Professor 
in Aberdeen College, 201. 

Middleton, Dr. George, Principal of 
King's College, Aberdeen, 238, 
241, 248. 

Middleton, John, Earl of, 186. 

Midwifery, Professorship of, founded, 
395/408, 427. 

Mien, Mr. John, appointed Librarian, 
172, 173, 177, 349. 

Miller, Thomas, Lord Justice-Clerk, 
447. 

Milne, Mr. John, goldsmith, 173. 

Milne, John, King's master mason, 183, 
192, 363. 

Milne, John, preferred to bursary of 
Philosophy, 414. 

Ministers of Edinburgh. See Edin- 
burgh, Ministers of. 

Minto, Lord (Elliot), 409. 

Mitchel, Dr. David, Fellow of the Royal 
College of Physicians, Edinburgh, 
308. 

Mitchell, of Mitchill's mortification to 
the College, 440. 

Moir, Mr. John, Professor of Civil Law, 
King's College, Aberdeen, 238. 

Moncrieff, Mr. John, one of the ministers 
of Edinburgh, 280. 

Monk, General, 165 ; proclaims Richard 
Cromwell Protector in Scotland, 
183, 185. 

Monro, Dr. Alexander, elected Princi- 



474 



INDEX. 



pal of the College, 216, 217, 223, 
226, 227, 331 ; deprived by Com- 
mission of Visitation, 229-230, 
232. 

Monro, Dr. Alexander, Primus, Professor 
of Anatomy, 343 ; obtains a theatre 
in College for public dissections, 
395, 406, 410, 421 ; obtains his son 
as his colleague, 425 ; obtains a 
new Commission, 427 ; his petition 
for a new theatre, 434. 

Monro, Alexander, Secundus, 425; ob- 
tains a new Commission, 427 ; 
again obtains a new Commission 
appointing him Professor of Medi- 
cine, Anatomy, and Surgery, 450. 

Monro, Alexander, Tertius, 425. 

Monro, Mr. Andrew, elected Librarian, 
119; his death, 134, 347, 348. 

Monro, Mr. David, elected Regent, 52, 
53 ; resigns, 54, 55. 

Monro, John, burgess of Edinburgh, 
347. 

Montrose, Marquis of, his exploits, 129, 
133; routed at Philiphaugh, 33. 

Moral Philosophy, Professorship of, 
when formed into a separate chair, 
300 ; Professors of, 300, 398, 403, 
413, 425, 433, 446. See Ethics. 

Moray, Alexander, Earl of, 208. 

More, Mr. William, 149, 150. 

Morison, Mr. Alexander, afterwards 
Lord Prestongrange, 82 ; elected 
Rector of the College, 90, 91, 333. 

Mortcloths, Public, of Edinburgh, pro- 
fits arising from, to be applied for 
increasing salaries of the Profes- 
sors, 58. 

Morton, James, Earl of, Regent, 4, 5, 14. 

Moseley, Edward, one of Cromwell's 
Judges in Scotland, 165, 184, 362. 

Moubray, Mr. John, obtains the degree 
of M.D., 330. 

Mowat, Mr. Gilbert, 393. 

Muir, James, his donation to the Col- 
lege, 1 !_>. 

Muir, Thomas, his legacy to the Col- 
390. 

Muirhcad, William, a bursar, 29. 

Murdoch, Mr. John, French teacher, 
410. 

Mure, Sir Thomas, Provost of Edin- 
burgh, Theses dedicated to, 244. 

Murray, Sir Alexander, of Stanhope, 
419. 

Murray, James, contributes for build- 
ings of the College, 1-J-. 

Murrnv. J;im's bi* mortification to the 
College, 390. 

Murray, Robert, 393. 



Museum, Old Library to be fitted up 
for, 434. 

NAIBNE, Mr. Duncan, Regent, 12, 15 ; 
subscribes the National Covenant, 
17 ; his death, 18. 

Nairne, Mr. James, appointed Librarian, 
164, 170, 172, 349; his mortifica- 
tion to the College, 316, 414. 

Nasmyth, Sir Michael, of Posso, 78. 

Natural History, Professorship of, insti- 
tuted, 440. 

Natural Philosophy, when Professorship 
of, became a separate chair, 300 ; 
apparatus provided for class of, 304, 
415 ; Professors of, 300, 410, 428, 
433, 445. 

Neil, Patrick, printer, 434. 

Nevay, Mr. David, 150, 154. 

Nevoy, Sir David, of Reidy, 363. 

Newbattle, Lord, 73. See Ker, Robert. 

Newburn, defeat of Charles I. by the 
Scots at, 118. 

Newton, Mr. Adam, Professor of Law, 
delivers lectures on Humanity, 22, 
355. 

Newton, Mr. Archibald, a candidate for 
Professorship of Humanity, 99, 
359 ; afterwards minister at Liber- 
ton, 99. 

Newton, Sir Isaac, 51 ; his theory of 
the tides animadverted upon, 263 ; 
his doctrine of the equatorial dia- 
meter of the earth compared with 
the polar, animadverted upon, 263, 
339, 340, 342, 343; recommends 
Mr. Colin M'Laurin to Mathemati- 
cal chair of Edinburgh College, 395. 

Nicol, or Nicolson, John, elected Janitor 
of the College, 170; deposed by 
Town-Council, 206. 

Nicolson, Mr. John, 55. 

Nimmo, James, Bailie, 396. 

Nimmo, William, bursar of philosophy, 
420. 

Nisbet, Alexander, 362. 

Nisbet, Mr. John, Advocate, 184, 362. 

Nisbet, John, College Treasurer, 427. 

Nisbet, Sir William, of Dean, Provost, 
his donation to the College, 72, 75, 
889. 

Nobles, exiled by James VI., 14 ; re- 
stored, lt'>. 

Nye, Mr. Philip, 124. 

OATH of allegiance an<l supn-i 

mi'l-T Charles It., Principal and 
Professors of the Collcp- <>f Kdin- 
burgh required to take, r.(4, 195. 

< >ath of allegiance to King William and 



INDEX. 



475 



Qneen Mary to be taken by all Pro- 
fessors in Colleges, 227. 

Oaths subscribed by Students at their 
graduation, 101. 

Orations, to be delivered at the College, 
221, 222, 251. 

Oswald, Mr. George, obtains the degree 
of M.D., 327. 

Otto, Julius Conradus, appointed Pro- 
fessor of Hebrew, 121, 156, 170; 
his resignation or death, 175. 

Oxford, Magdalene College, arbitrary 
attempt on, by James VII., 218. 



PAKTER, Mr. Patrick, a candidate for 
Professorship of Philosophy, 81-83 ; 
afterwards Professor of Divinity at 
St. Andrews, 83. 

Parliament, held at Linlithgow, 16 ; 
ministers to be represented in, 26 ; 
held in 1617, 64 ; the Black Par- 
liament in 1618, 75, 76 ; Parlia- 
ment held in 1633, 96, 98; in 
1640, 115; in 1641, 119; conces- 
sions made by Charles I. to the 
Presbyterians in this Parliament, 
120. 

Paterson, Mr. John, Bishop of Edin- 
burgh, becomes Chancellor of the 
University, 216. 

Paterson, Mr. Eobert, Principal of 
Marischal College, Aberdeen, 248. 

Paterson, Mr. William, elected Profes- 
sor of Philosophy, 196, 200, 204- 
208 ; made Clerk to the Privy 
Council, 209. 

Peacock, Mr. George, Eegent, Maris- 
chal College, Aberdeen, 248. 

Peirson, Mr. Alexander, Advocate, 82. 

Penman, John, Bailie : his mortification 
to the College, 249, 316. 

Perth Articles, 76, 98; abolished by 
the General Assembly of 1638, 
109. 

Perth, James, Earl of, Chancellor, 215 ; 
a Roman Catholic, 217. 

Petrie, Andrew, preferred to bursary of 
Philosophy, 414, 419. 

Petrie, Mr. Robert, minister of Canno- 
by, 419. 

Philiphaugh, Defeat of Marquis of Mon- 
trose at, 133. 

Philosophy, Teaching of, 143. 

Philosophy, Moral. See Moral Philo- 
sophy. 

Philosophy, Natural. See Natural Phi- 
losophy. 

Physics, 251, 259, 376. 

Piggot, Margaret, relict of Mr. John 



Goodall, Professor of Hebrew, 322, 
402. 

Pillans, Mr. James, elected Professor of 
Humanity, 126, 134, 156, 160 ; 
elected Professor of Philosophy, 
164, 360, 169, 170, 173, 175, 177, 
183-185, 187, 189 196, 200, 203- 
209, 353, 361 ; resigns, 211. 

Pitcairne, Archibald, Professor of Medi- 
cine in the College, 215. 

Pitliver, Laird of, 228. 

Plague, 16, 17, 42, 53-56, 80, 130, 132- 
134, 348. 

Playfair, Dr. John, Professor of Mathe- 
matics. 343, 344. 

Plummer, Dr. Andrew, 393, 394, 398, 
407, 410 ; elected Professor of 
Medicine and Chemistry, 416, 417 ; 
his death, 426, 427. 

Pneumatologia, 251. 

Poetry, Latin, 65. 

Pont, Mr. Robert, minister of West 
Church, Edinburgh ; his verses on 
Principal Rollock referred to, 373. 

Pope, The, Bull of, necessary before the 
Reformation for the erection of a 
College, 5, 8 ; students burn the 
Pope in effigy, 210. 

Popery, 104, 170. 

Porphyry, 47 ; Isagoge of, 377, 379. 

Porter, William, merchant ; his legacy 
to the College, 132. 

Porter of the College, 102. 

Porterfield, Dr. William, elected Pro- 
fessor of the Institutes and Prac- 
tice of Medicine, 394. 

Prelacy. See Episcopacy. 

Prelates, Scottish, 103- 

Presbyterian Government, established, 
23, 24 ; tumult at Edinburgh well- 
nigh fatal to, 25 ; designs of James 
VI. to subvert, 26. 

Presbyteries to send bursars of Divinity 
to the University, 240. 

Preston, Charles, Doctor of Medicine, 
309. 

Preston, Mr. George, apothecary, elected 
Professor of Botany and master of 
the Physic Gardens, 309, 310, 394, 
407. 

Preston, The Pretender's army surren- 
der at, 314. 

Pretender, lands in Scotland, 315. 

Prince, Sir Magnus, Provost, Theses 
dedicated to, 224. 

Pringle, James, of Torwoodlee ; his mor- 
tification to the College, 317. 

Pringle, John, M.D., elected Professor 
of Ethics, 403, 406, 412 ; his re- 
signation, 412. 



476 



INDEX. 



Pringle, Mr. John, elected Professor of 
Universal Civil History, 435. 

Protesters. See Besolutioners and Re- 
monstrants. 

Provisions, Dearth of, 24. 

Pyot, Mr. Alexander, minister of Dun- 
bar, 421. 

Pyot, John Graham, son of the preced- 
ing, bursar of Philosophy, 421. 

QUEENSBERRY, Marquis of, 214; Duke 

of, 216, 295. 
Quincy, John, receives the degree of 

M.D., 317. 



RAE, Mr. David, advocate, 447. 

Radose, Weneslaus, a Polish bursar, 
404. 

Raith, Melville, Lord, 228. 

Ramsay, Mr. Andrew, one of the mini- 
sters of Edinburgh, elected Profes- 
sor of Divinity, and also Lord Rec- 
tor of the University, 74 ; resigns 
both offices, 89, 93 ; refuses to in- 
timate the royal mandate as to the 
Service-Book, 104 ; promotes the 
renovation of the National Cove- 
nant, 106, 107, 115; again elected 
Rector, 138-142 ; re-elected Rec- 
tor, 145, 333, 334 ; suspended and 
deposed by General Assembly for 
favouring the Engagement, 148. 

Ramsay, Sir Andrew, Provost of Edin- 
burgh, 192, 196, 200. 

Ramsay, Sir Andrew, junior, 200. 

Ramsay, Sir Andrew ; his mortification 
to the College, 403, 420, 421. 

Ramsay, Dr. Robert, appointed Profes- 
sor of Natural History, 440, 448. 

Ramsay, Mr. William, College Trea- 
surer, 431. 

Humus, Peter, his Dialectics, 31, 47, 
48, 376. 

Kunken, Mr. Robert, elected Professor 
of Philosophy, 82-84, 89-91, 95, 96, 
loo 102; opposed to the renova- 
tion of the National Covenant, 106 ; 
deprived for refusing to take the 
Covenant, 106-108, 166. 

Ray, Mr. John, <]< -t- ! Pn.f'.-ssor of 
Humanity, 28, l".i, -11, :;.V,, ;:;>7, 

; :. -i-tui of tl: 

Sri,,,,,], ;,3, 54; hit death, 98, 886; 

his verses on Principal Rollock re- 

tenv.l t.., 373. 
Rebellion of 17i;,. :;i I 
Regents, 10 : !< < -led by compar 

trial, u.'.vj. :. i 

HI, 82, 1"7 



fund provided by Court of Session 
for salaries of, 27, 388 ; their sala- 
ries increased, 138 ; Act of Com- 
mission of Visitation as to their ad- 
mission, 232, 252 ; duties of, 382, 
383. 

Reid, Mr. James, elected Regent of 
Philosophy, 42, 52-59, 62-72 ; made 
Professor of Metaphysics, 74, 77, 
79, 84-86 ; dispute between him 
and Mr. Struthers, one of the mi- 
nisters of Edinburgh, 86-88 ; de- 
S rived by the Town-Council, 88 ; 
onation to him from the Town- 
Council, ib. 

Reid, Mr. James, of Pitleithy, 150. 

Reid, Robert, Bishop of Orkney ; his 
legacy for founding a College in 
Edinburgh, 2 ; his death, 345. 

Reid, William, Bailie, 183. 

Resolutioners and Remonstrants, 159. 

Revolution of 1688, 225. 

Rhetoric, Professorship of, instituted by 
Town-Council, 428; endowed by 
the Crown, 431. 

Richardson, Margaret ; her donation to 
the College, 126. 

Richelieu, Cardinal, 95. 

Richiesone, Isobel ; her legacy to the 
College, 393. 

Rig, Mr. William ; his donation to the 
College, 75, 389. 

Rippon, Treaty of, 118. 

Ritchie, Mr. James, Writer, 20. 

Robertson, Barbara; her donation to 
the College, 72, 389. 

Robertson, Mr. Charles, a bursar of 
Divinity, 419. 

Robertson, Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Wil- 
liam Struthers, one of the ministers 
of Edinburgh, 127. 

Robertson, Mr. Eraucis, minister of 
Clyne, 419. 

Robertson, Mr. George, elected Regent ' 
of Philosophy, 24, 25, 27 ; becomes 
one of the ministers of Edinburgh, 
28; did not long survive. th;it ap- 
pointment, 28, 29, 161 ; his life of 
Principal Rollock, 373. 

I.'obeitsMii, Sir -lames, of Uedley, B 

liolu ris..n, Mr. .lanii's. elected Professor 
ot llrlin -\v, -122 ; chosen Librarian, 
431,434; his diligence in pivpar- 
ing an Alphabetical ( 'atalo^ue of 
the Library, 438, 43'.'. Ill II.; 
456. 

i, Dr. William, fleet, d Pi in 
cipal, 80, 332, -I -.".I l.'.l. l:;i ; his 
petition to the Town Council for 
additional College a 



INDEX. 



477 



tion, 435, 438, 439, 441-443, 448, 
451. 

Robison, Dr. John, elected Professor of 
Natural Philosophy, 445 ; requested 
to give in to Town-Council a list 
of instruments needed for making 
experiments, 449, 450. 

Holland, Katharine, 178. 

Rollo, Lord, 30. 

Bollock, David, of Powhouse, 30. 

Rollock, Mr. Henry, one of the ministers 
of Edinburgh, 93 ; refuses to inti- 
mate from the pulpit the royal 
mandate as to the Service Book, 
104 ; promotes the renovation of 
the National Covenant, 106, 107, 
115, 117. 

Rollock, Mr. Hercules ; his verses on 
Principal Rollock referred to, 373. 

Rollock, Jean, daughter of Principal 
Rollock, 39. 

Rollock, Mr. Robert, appointed Regent 
in the College, 11, 12, 15; sub- 
scribes the National Covenant, 17 ; 
elected Principal, 18 ; made Pro- 
fessor of Divinity, 19, 21, 331, 334, 
455 ; intercedes with James VI. 
for the ministers of Edinburgh, 26, 
27 ; his death and character, 30- 
36 ; respect shown to his memory, 
39, 373, 374 ; annuity granted by 
Town-Council to his widow, 39 ; 
and portion also granted to his 
daughter, ib., 100, 346. 

Ross, Mr. Andrew, elected Professor of 
Humanity, 192 ; elected Regent of 
Philosophy, 193-195; his death, 
195, 196, 367. 

Ross, Mr. John, a candidate for Pro- 
fessorship of Philosophy, 234. 

Rothes, John, Earl of, 118.' 

Rothes, John, Earl, afterwards Duke 
of, 190. 

Roughead, James, Treasurer of the 
City of Edinburgh, 352. 

Row, Mr. John, elected Professor of 
Philosophy, 258, 259, 262, 264, 
267, 270, 271 ; resigns, 272, 273. 

Roxburgh, Robert, Lord. See Ker, 
William. 

Ruddiman, Mr. Thomas, and Mr. James 
Davidson, resign as Printers to the 
College, 424. 

Rule, Mr. Alexander, elected Professor 
of Hebrew, 249, 250, 273 ; resigns, 
277, 293, 302. 

Rule, Archibald, Bailie, 302. 

Rule, Gilbert, Dr., 228 ; elected Prin- 
cipal, 232, 233, 235, 332 ; his pub- 
lic inaugural oration, 236, 238, 



244, 248, 249, 273 ; his death, 284, 
287, 293, 320. 

Russell, Mr. James, appointed Professor 
of Natural Philosophy, 433, 434, 
441, 442 ; his death, 444. 

Russell, Mr. James, son of the preced- 
ing, Professor of Clinical Surgery, 
433. 

Rutherford, Dr. John, 394, 396, 399- 
407, 410 ; appointed Professor of 
the Theory and Practice of Medi- 
cine, 416, 417, 436. 

Rutherford, Mr. Robert, bursar of Divi- 
nity, 415. 

Rutherford, Mr. Samuel, elected Pro- 
fessor of Humanity, 79 ; resigns, 
84, 358, 359; donation to him 
from Town-Council, 85 ; one of 
the Scottish deputies to Assembly 
of Divines at "Westminster, 124, 
149, 150, 334. 

Rutherford, Dr. Daniel, a candidate for 
Professorship of Institutes of Medi- 
cine, 443. 

Ruthven, Alexander, brother to the 
Earl of Gowrie, 373-375. 

Ruthven, David, Lord, 228. 

Ruthven, The Raid of, 14. 

Rynd, William, tutor to Lord Gowrie, 
24. 

SACROBOSCO, John de, The Sphere of, 
378. 

Sandilands, Mark, Bailie, 409. 

Sandilands, Mr. Robert, one of the 
ministers of Edinburgh, 280. 

Sandilands, Robert, Dean of Guild, 363. 

Sands, Mr. Patrick, 19, 20 ; elected Re- 
gent of Philosophy, 21-25 ; accom- 
panies Lord Newbattle on his tra- 
vels, 27, 65-67 ; elected Principal, 
73, 74, 82, 331. 

Sands, William, College Treasurer, 422. 

Scholastics, 220. 

Schoner, Margaret. See Forret, Lady. 

Schools, Overtures for the advancement 
of learning in, passed into an Act 
by the General Assembly of 1645, 
1 30 ; Royal Commission for Visita- 
tion of, 218, 219 ; Act of Conven- 
tion of Estates appointing a Visi- 
tation of, 225. See Universities. 

Schultens, Joannes Jacobus, Professor 
of Oriental Languages at Ley den, 
422. 

Sclater, Andrew, 15. 

Scott, Mr. James, chemist ; his arrears 
due to the College, 429. 

Scott, Mr. John ; his verses on Princi- 
pal Rollock referred to, 373. 



478 



INDEX. 



Scott, Mr. Robert, elected Regent of 
Philosophy, 40-42 ; becomes one of 
the ministers of Glasgow, 42. 

Scott, William of Ely, Principal Rollock 
recommends the care of his funeral 
to, 38. 

Scott, Mr. William, elected Professor of 
Philosophy, 258, 260, 262, 264, 
267, 273, 274, 277, 278-280, 283, 
285, 287, 290, 293, 294, 297, 298 ; 
becomes Professor of Greek, 300, 
301, 303, 306, 307, 310-319, 324, 
326-330, 394, 396 ; is elected Pro- 
fessor of Ethics, 398, 399 ; obtains 
a colleague, 403. 

Scott, Mr. William, junior, trial of his 
qualifications for Professorship of 
Greek, 398 ; is found qualified, 
399 ; his death, ib. 

Scougall, Mr. Patrick, elected Professor 
of Divinity, 189, 334 ; does not ac- 
cept, ib. 

Scrimger, Mr. Alexander, elected Re- 
gent, 18-20 ; removed for miscon- 
duct, 21. 

Semi-Bejan Class, 10. 

Service Book, or Liturgy, to be imposed 
on the Church of Scotland, 103; 
its character, 104 ; tumult at first 
reading of, in St. Giles's Church, 
Edinburgh, 104, 105. 

Seton, Sir Alexander, Lord Fyvie, after- 
wards Earl of Dunfermline, 37, 41, 
53. 

Seton, James, elected Janitor, 311 ; his 
death, 402. 

Shakspere, William, 69. 

Sharp, James, Archbishop of St. 
Andrews, 189. 

Sharp, Mr. William, Keeper of the 
Signet, 363. 

Sharpe, Dr. John, elected Professor of 
Divinity, 94, 95, 334; his salary 
augmented, 101 ; promotes the re- 
novation of the National Covenant, 
106, 115, 139 ; his death, 145, 156. 

Shaw, Mr. Duncan, bursar of Divinity, 
420. 

Shaw, James, Porter of the College, 
53. 

Shearers, Charles, of Dort, hie dona- 
tion to the College, 61, 95, 388, 
390. 

Sli-;ir.T, .1. .1m, '.'">, 390. 

Sheroski, Gabriel Bernia, a Polish stu- 
dent. :i'.'7. 

Sibbald, Sir Robert, Professor of Medi- 
cine in the College, 215 ; turns 
Papist, and afterwards recants, ib. 

Simpson, Alexander, I'.ailic, 



Simson, John, Professor of Divinity in 

College of Glasgow, 397. 
Simson, Mr. Patrick, Dean of Faculty, 

248. 

Simson, Thomas, Convener, 447. 
Simson, William, bursar of Philosophy, 

420. 
Sinclair, Dr. Andrew, Professor of 

medicine, 394, 396, 399, 407, 416, 

417 ; his ill health, 418. 
Sinclair, Mr. George, elected Regent of 

Philosophy, 192, 193; Professor of 

Mathematics, 204. 
Sinclair, Mr. George, advocate, 402. 
Sinclair, Mr. John, minister at Penny- 

cuick, 102. 
Sinclair, Mr. John, minister of Ormi- 

ston, 237. 

Sinclair, Sir John, Dean of Guild, 352. 
Sinclair, Mr. Patrick, elected Professor 

of Hebrew, 237. 
Skene, Sir James, 111. 
Smellie, Alexander, schoolmaster in 

Lanark, 440. 
Smith, Mr. Hugh, elected Regent of 

Humanity, 184 ; elected Regent of 

Philosophy, 188-190, 192, 353, 

362 ; his death, 193. 
Smith, Mr. James, one of the ministers 

of Edinburgh, elected Professor of 

Divinity, 402 ; elected Principal, 

ib. ; his death, 406, 332, 335. 
Smith, Sir John, Provost of Edin- 
burgh, 136. 
Smith, Mr. Robert, surgeon, elected 

Professor of Midwifery, 408 ; de- 
mits, 426. 
Somerville, Andrew, writer, Edinburgh, 

402. 

Somerville, Mr. Bartholomew, his dona- 
tion to the College, 111, 182, 390. 
Somerville, Peter, 111. 
Somerville, Mr. William, appointed 

Librarian, 193, 194, 350. 
Spear, Thomas, 388 ; his legacy to the 

College, 75, 389. 
Speculative Society, 446. 
Speir, Mr. Thomas, elected Librarian, 

134, 135; his death, 135, 348, 

349. 
Sponsio to be subscribed by students, 

175, 212, 223, 227. Sec AV//*- 

liurtfh, Students of the Un< 

of. 
Spottiswood, John, Writer to the iSi 

451. 
St. Andrews, Archbishop of, op] 

to the establishment of a College in 

Kdinburgh, 13. 
St. Andrews, University of, 5 ; a method 



INDEX. 



479 



of teaching given in by, 219-223 ; 
animadversions of, upon Special 
Physics, prepared by King's Col- 
lege, Aberdeen, for a uniform 
method of teaching, 262, 263; 
its Logic and Metaphysics to be 
taught in all the colleges, 264, 
265. 

St. Clair, Dr. Andrew. See Sinclair, 
Dr. Andrew. 

St. Clair, Dr. Matthew, President of the 
Eoyal College of Physicians, Edin- 
burgh, 308. 

Stage Plays, Act of Town-Council of 
Edinburgh for suppression of, 411. 

Stair, Earl of, 412. 

Stair, Master of, 228. 

Stephen, John, Bailie, 434. 

Stevenson, Mr. Andrew, elected interim 
Eegent of Philosophy, 59, 60 ; 
elected Professor of Humanity, 79 ; 
and Professor of Philosophy, 79, 
81, 84, 88, 91, 93, 96, 99, 101, 103, 
106, 111, 352, 358; becomes mini- 
ster of Dunbar, 111, 112. 

Stevenson, Mr. John, elected Librarian, 
177; his death, 178, 349. 

Stevenson, Mr. John, elected Professor 
of Logic and Metaphysics, 400 ; 
obtains a colleague, 444 ; his death, 
444, 456. 

Stewart, Mr. Alexander, one of the 
ministers of West Kirk, Edinburgh, 
456. 

Stewart, Mr. Charles, minister of Camp- 
beltown, 414. 

Stewart, Dugald, son of the preceding, 
preferred to bursary of Philosophy, 
414. 

Stewart, Mr. Dugald, minister of Rothe- 
say, 419. 

Stewart, Mr. Dugald, Professor of Ma- 
thematics. 343, 446; Professor of 
Moral Philosophy, 344, 446, 447 ; 
made a burgess of Edinburgh, 447, 
448, 450, 451. 

Stewart, Mr. George. See Stuart, Mr. 
George. 

Stewart, Captain James, 14. 

Stewart, Sir James, of Kirkfield, Lord 
Provost, 157, 183 ; Lord Advocate, 
279-281, 392. 

Stewart, John, afterwards Earl of Tra- 
quair, 62. 

Stewart, Dr. John, elected Professor of 
Natural Philosophy, 410, 423 ; his 
death, 428. 

Stewart, Margaret, her donation to the 
College, 80, 389. 

Stewart, Mary, Countess of Mar, 392. 



Stewart, Dr. Matthew, Professor of Ma- 
thematics, 343, 418, 419, 423 ; ob- 
tains his son as his colleague, 446. 

Stewart, Mr. Robert, a candidate for 
Professorship of Philosophy, 234. 

Stewart, Mr. Robert, elected Professor 
of Philosophy, 285, 287, 290, 293, 
297, 298; becomes Professor of 
Natural Philosophy, 300, 301, 303, 
306, 307, 310-319, 325-330, 395, 
399 ; obtains his son John as his 
assistant, 410. 

Stewart, Sir Thomas, ot Coltness, 285, 
410. 

Stewart, William, chosen Under-Janitor 
of the College, 436. 

Stirling, Deacon, 233. 

Stobo, Alexander, his legacy to the 
College, 72, 388. 

Stonefield, Lord, 447. 

Strachan, Dr. John, elected Professor of 
Divinity, 213, 226; deprived by 
Commission of Visitation, 230-232, 
335. 

Strang, Mr. John, 141, 142. 

Struthers, Mr. William, one of the 
ministers of Edinburgh, 86-88, 93 ; 
his donation to the College, 126, 
392, 420. 

Stuart, Mr. George, Professor of Hu- 
manity, 370,409 ; elected Librarian, 
415 ; has finished an alphabetical 
catalogue of books in College Lib- 
rary, 419-422, 426, 427, 430; de- 
mits the office of Librarian, 431, 
441, 442 ; obtains a colleague, 447, 
456. 

Students, Engagement to be subscribed 
by, against tumultuous proceedings, 
236, 237 ; act of Privy Council for 
preventing tumults among, 246- 
249, 257 ; forbidden to play at dice, 
276 ; forbidden to enter taverns, 
277; duties of, 383-386. 

Supervenientes, Students so called, 184. 

Surgeons, Corporation of, condition of 
their admission to borrow books 
from College Library, 433. 

Sutherland, James, master of the Physic 
Garden, elected Professor of Botany, 
253, 254. 

Suttie, Mr. Andrew, elected Librarian, 
135; elected Regent of Philosophy, 
144, 150, 153, 154, 156, 161, 162 ; 
his death, 164, 349, 360. 

Suttie, George, Bailie, 115 ; contributes 
for the buildings of the College, 
128, 135, 390. 

Sydserf, Thomas, afterwards Bishop of 
Galloway, 92. 



480 



INDEX. 



Syme, Andrew, appointed keeper of 
mortcloths, 423. 

TALJEUS, Rhetoric of, 377, 379. 

Tanner, Mr. Thomas, 163. 

Tennant, Alexander, bursar of Philo- 
sophy, 421. 

Teviot, Earl of, his legacy to the Col- 
lege, 194. 

Theology. See Divinity. 

Theses, when first printed, 25, 48, 375 ; 
disputation on, before graduation, 
49, 50, 53, 61, 72, 81, 86, 198, 
< 202, 240. 

Thirlstane, Lord. See Maitland. 

Thomson, Alexander, bursar of Philo- 
sophy, 421. 

Thomson, Mr. George, his verses on 
Principal Rollock referred to, 375. 

Thomson, William, Edinburgh City 
Clerk, contributes for College build- 
ings, ^128. 

Tippermuir, Defeat of the Covenanters 
at, 129. 

Tran, Mr. John, a Professor in Glasgow 
College, 201. 

Traquair, Earl of. See Stewart, John. 

Trinity College Church, Gallery in, 
allotted to Students, 41. 

Trotter, John, contributes for buildings 
of the College, 128. 

Trotter, William, Bailie, 447. 

Turner, Mr. William, candidate for Pro- 
fessorship of Humanity, 364. 

Tweedie, Mr. William, elected Professor 
of Philosophy, 125, 134, 138; be- 
comes minister of Slamannan Muir, 
144, 145 ; again elected Professor 
of Philosophy, 177, 183-191 ; his 
death, 192, 353, 361, 366; his 
legacy to the College, 195, 316. 

UDWARD, Mr. Nathaniel, his verses on 
Principal Rollock, 373. 

University, Bull of the Pope necessary, 
before the Reformation, for found- 
ing 0,5. 

Universities, Foreign, Scottish Students 
of Law and Medicine long resorted 
to, 9. 

Universities, Overtures concerning, by 
General Assembly of 1641 to be 
laid before tin? King and Parlia- 
ment, 120; Bishops revenues to 
be applied for supporting, \b. ; over- 
tnrrs for the advancement of learn- 
ing in, passed into an act by the 
General Assembly of 1645, 130; 
meeting of delegates from, 139- 



144, 149-153, 201-203; visitation 
of, 144, 165 ; Royal Commission 
for Visitation of, 218, 219 ; paper 
by the University of St. Andrews, 
concerning a method of teaching 
in, 219-223; Act of Convention of 
Estates appointing a visitation of, 
225 ; visitors named and appointed, 
228; meet, ib.\ Committee for 
University of Edinburgh, ib. ; their 
proceedings, 229-232 ; meeting of 
delegates from different Univer- 
sities, 238 ; minutes of their pro- 
ceedings, 239-244, 248; overtures 
of Committee of Commission of 
Visitation, 251-253 ; act of Com- 
mission of Visitation for introduc- 
ing a uniform method of teaching 
the different parts of Philosophy, 
254-256, 259, 261, 262, 264-266; 
certain propositions condemned by 
Commission of Visitation, 268-272. 

University of Aberdeen. See Aber- 
deen, King's College in, etc. 

University of Edinburgh. See Edin- 
burgh, University of. 

University of Glasgow. See Glasgow, 
University of. 

University of St. Andrews. See St. 
Andrews, University of. 

Ure, Alexander, preferred to Bursary of 
Philosophy, 414. 

Urquhart, Dr. Patrick, Professor of 
Medicine, King's College, Aber- 
deen, 238. 



VANE, SIR HENRY, 123. 

Veitch, Mr. James, Advocate, a candi- 
date for Professorship of Civil Law, 
426. 



WALLACE, Mr. William, Advocate, elec- 
ted Professor of Universal Civil 
History, 425, 426; resigns, 435; 
elected Professor of Scots Law, ib. 

Wallis, John, 340. 

Wardrop's mortification to the Collect-. 
439. 

Wardrop, Mr. Alexander, bursar of 
Divinity, 439. 

Warrander, Captain, deacon, 233. 

W;irrander, George, of Lo< -Ix-nd, 313. 

Warriston, Lord. See Johnston, An-hi- 
bald. 

Watson, Adam, preferred to Bursary of 
Philosophy, 414. 

Watson, James, Under-Janitor of the 
( ollege, 414 ; his death, 436. 



INDEX. 



481 



Watson, William, Porter ohhe College, 
61. 

Watt, Adam,Town Clerk, 369, 397, 418. 

Watt, Mr. Adam, elected Professor of 
Humanity, 369, 397, 403. 

Webster, Mr. James, one of the minis- 
ters of Edinburgh, 273, 280. 

Weems, Mr. Matthew, minister of the 
Canongate, 106. 

Weir's mortification to the College, 420. 

AVemyss, David, Earl of, 129. 

Wemyss, Mr. George, of St. Andrews, 
149, 150. 

Western Remonstrance, 159. 

Westminster Confession of Faith, See 
Confession of Faith. 

Winston, Mr. William, 342. 

Whytt, Dr. Robert, elected Professor of 
Theory and Practice of Medicine, 
417, 418 ; his death, 436. 

Wier, Mausie ; her donation to the Col- 
lege, 121. 

Wilcox, Mr. Francis, 163. 

Wilkie, David, Dean of Guild, 183. 

Wilkie, David, bursar of Divinity, 436. 

Wilkie, Marion, 1.32. 

Wilkie, Mr. Thomas, one of the minis- 
ters of Edinburgh, 280. 

Will, David, a candidate for Professor- 
ship of Humanity, 79. 

William, Prince of Orange, proclaimed 
King of England, 225, 227 ; his 
gift to College of Edinburgh for 
maintaining a new Professor of 
Divinity and twenty bursars of 
Divinity, 250, 256 (see Bursars 
of Divinity); his gift to the Uni- 
versities of Scotland, 271 ; his 
death, 278, 284. 

Wilson, Alexander, bursar of Philoso- 
phy, 440. 

Wiseman, Mr. James, elected Professor 
of Humanity, 103, 107, 359 ; 
elected Professor of Philosophy, 
108, 110, 111, 115, 121-125, 134, 
138, 139, 144, 150, 151, 154, 156, 
160, 161, 164, 170, 172 ; his death, 
173, 185, 361. 

Wish art, Mr. John, elected Professor of 
Humanity, 169, 170, 360 ; be- 
comes Professor of Philosophy, 171, 
173, 176, 177, 185, 187, 189, 190; 
resigns, having been appointed one 
of the Commissaries of Edinburgh, 
192-196, 200-209, 353 ; finally re- 
signs his Professorship, 209. 



Wishart, Mr. William, elected Princi- 
pal, 315, 329, 332, 395, 399, 401. 

Wisharr, Dr. William, son of the pre- 
ceding, Principal, 332, 370 406, 
407, 421 ; his death, 424. 

Witticisms, the peculiar taste for, in the 
time of James VI., 69. 

Wood, Mr. John, elected Regent of 
Philosophy, 194, 196, 200-208 ; his 
death, 367. 

Wood, Mungo, Edinburgh City Trea- 
surer, 339, 456. 

Woodside, Hugh, of the Isle of Man ; 
his legacy of books to the College, 
429, 430. 

Worcester, Battle at, 161. 

Worship, Public, attendance on required 
of students, 13. 

Wright, Alexander, merchant ; his do- 
nation to the College, 117, 391, 
440. 

Wright, Mr. James, elected Professor 
of Philosophy, 108, 111, 115, 337 ; 
becomes minister ot'Cockburnspath, 
118, 188. 

Wright, Hugh ; his mortification to the 
College, 71, 388, 390. 



YETTS, John, Bailie, 413. 

Young, Mr. Andrew, minister of Aber- 
corn, 360. 

Young, Mr. Andrew, elected Professor 
of Philosophy, 40, 42, 43, 52-58 ; 
his ill health, 59, 60 ; recovers, 
60-68, 71, 73, 358 ; made Profes- 
sor of Mathematics, 74, 75, 77, 
336; his death, 78, 81. 

Young, James ; his donation to the Col- 
lege, 72, 389. 

Young, Mr. John, interim teacher of 
Mathematics in the College, 205, 
206 ; his salary augmented, 207, 
213. 

Young, Mr. Robert, a candidate for 
Professorship of Philosophy, 107 ; 
elected Professor of Humanity, 108, 
115 ; presented to the church of 
Dumbarney, 125 ; resigns his Pro- 
fessorship, 126, 360. 

Young, Thomas, surgeon, elected Pro- 
fessor of Midwifery, 427, 441. 



ZUILL, Margaret ; her mortification to 
the College, 390. 



2 H 



CORRECTIONS, 

PAGE 59, line 8, " Robert Ker, eldest son of Lord Roxburgh," so in MS. ; but it 

should have been " William Ker, eldest son of Robert Lord Roxburgh." 
Page 62, line 16, for George, read James. 
Page 75, line 16, " 23d of January," so in MS. ; but it should have been ' 3d 

of January." 
Page 176, line 28, "October, 1653," so in MS. ; but it should have been, " March 

1 1654." 

Page 203, line 1 9, for Ward, read Wood. 
Page 265, line 28, "the Pneumatics, Logic," so in MS.: it should probably hav- 

been " Pneumatologia." 
Page 328, line 4, for Revas, read Reras. 

Page 332, line 15, for November 20, 1737, read November 10, 1736. 
Page 335, line 10, for 1727, read 1627. 



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